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1.
Hipertens. riesgo vasc ; 41(2): 87-94, abr.-jun2024. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-232394

RESUMO

Introduction: Empagliflozin plays a beneficial role in individuals with type 2 diabetes at high risk of cardiovascular complications. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of individuals with type 2 diabetes who required empagliflozin based on clinical guidelines between the years 2022 and 2023. Material and methods: This study was a descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study conducted on a target population of patients with type 2 diabetes. Patient data, including demographic characteristics, smoking status, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, renal insufficiency, retinopathy, and proteinuria, were collected. The indication for prescribing empagliflozin was determined based on the risk of cardiovascular complications. Results: A total of 398 individuals with type 2 diabetes with a mean age of 58.4 years were examined. Overall, 87.4% of the patients had an indication for empagliflozin prescription. The indication for empagliflozin prescription was significantly higher in men, individuals with hyperlipidemia, those over 55 years of age, obese individuals, and smokers. The mean age, body mass index, and triglyceride levels were higher in candidates for empagliflozin prescription. Male candidates for empagliflozin had significantly higher rates of smoking and systolic blood pressure compared to females. Conclusions: The findings of this study demonstrated that a significant percentage of individuals with type 2 diabetes had an indication for empagliflozin prescription based on clinical and laboratory criteria. (AU)


Introducción: La empagliflozina tiene un papel beneficioso en las personas con diabetes tipo 2 con alto riesgo de complicaciones cardiovasculares. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar la prevalencia de pacientes con este padecimiento que requerían empagliflozina según las guías clínicas entre los años 2022 y 2023. Material y métodos: Se trata de un estudio transversal descriptivo-analítico realizado en una población objetivo de personas con diabetes tipo 2. Se recogieron los datos de los pacientes, incluyendo las características demográficas, el hábito tabáquico, la hipertensión, la hiperlipidemia, la insuficiencia renal, la retinopatía y la proteinuria. La indicación para prescribir empagliflozina se determinó en función del riesgo de complicaciones cardiovasculares. Resultados: Se examinaron un total de 398 individuos con diabetes tipo 2 con una edad media de 58,4 años. En general, 87,4% de estos tenía una indicación para la prescripción de empagliflozina, la cual fue significativamente mayor en los hombres, aquellos con hiperlipidemia, obesidad, los mayores de 55 años y los fumadores. La edad media, el índice de masa corporal y los niveles de triglicéridos fueron mayores en los candidatos a la prescripción de este medicamento. Los candidatos masculinos a este fármaco tenían tasas significativamente más altas de tabaquismo y presión arterial sistólica, en comparación con las mujeres. Conclusiones: Los resultados de este estudio demostraron que un porcentaje significativo de personas con diabetes tipo 2 tenía una indicación para la prescripción de empagliflozina según los criterios clínicos y de laboratorio. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose , Fumar Tabaco , Hipertensão , Hiperlipidemias , Estudos Transversais
2.
Hipertens. riesgo vasc ; 41(2): 95-103, abr.-jun2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-232395

RESUMO

Introduction: Evidence about nefroprotective effect with RAAS blockers in elderly patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) without proteinuria is lacking. The primary outcome of our study is to evaluate the impact of RAAS blockers in CKD progression in elderly patients without proteinuria. Materials and methods: Multicenter open-label, randomized controlled clinical trial including patients over 65 year-old with hypertension and CKD stages 3–4 without proteinuria. Patients were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to either receive RAAS blockers or other antihypertensive drugs and were followed up for three years. Primary outcome is estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline at 3 years. Secondary outcome measures include BP control, renal and cardiovascular events and mortality. Results: 88 patients were included with a mean age of 77.9±6.1 years and a follow up period of 3 years: 40 were randomized to RAAS group and 48 to standard treatment. Ethiology of CKD was: 53 vascular, 16 interstitial and 19 of unknown ethiology. In the RAAS group eGFR slope during follow up was −4.3±1.1ml/min, whereas in the standard treatment group an increase on eGFR was observed after 3 years (+4.6±0.4ml/min), p=0.024. We found no differences in blood pressure control, number of antihypertensive drugs, albuminuria, potassium serum levels, incidence of cardiovascular events nor mortality during the follow up period. Conclusions: In elderly patients without diabetes nor cardiopathy and with non proteinuric CKD the use of RAAS blockers does not show a reduction in CKD progression. The PROERCAN (PROgresión de Enfermedad Renal Crónica en ANcianos) trial (trial registration: NCT03195023). (AU)


Introducción: Actualmente no existe suficiente evidencia sobre el efecto nefroprotector de los bloqueantes del sistema renina-angiotensina-aldosterona (BSRAA) en pacientes añosos con enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) sin proteinuria y sin cardiopatía. El objetivo es evaluar el efecto de los BSRAA en la progresión de la ERC en este grupo poblacional. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio prospectivo, aleatorizado, que compara la eficacia de los BSRAA vs. otros tratamientos antihipertensivos en la progresión renal en personas mayores de 65 años con ERC estadios 3 y 4 e índice albúmina/creatinina<30mg/g. Aleatorización 1:1 BSRAA o tratamiento antihipertensivo estándar. Se recogieron cifras tensionales y parámetros analíticos de un año previo a la aleatorización y durante el seguimiento. Resultados: Se incluyeron 88 pacientes seguidos durante tres años con edad media de 77,9±6,1 años. De estos, se aleatorizaron 40 al grupo BSRAA y 48 al estándar. La etiología de ERC fue: 53 vascular, 16 intersticial y 19 no filiada. En el primer grupo se observó una progresión de la ERC con una caída del filtrado glomerular estimado (FGe) de -4,3±1,1mL/min, mientras que en el grupo estándar un aumento del FGe durante el seguimiento de 4,6±0,4mL/min, p=0,024. No se apreciaron diferencias entre ambos en el control tensional, el número de antihipertensivos, la albuminuria, los niveles de potasio, la incidencia de eventos cardiovasculares ni la mortalidad durante el seguimiento. Conclusiones: En pacientes añosos no diabéticos con ERC no proteinúrica y sin cardiopatía el uso de BSRAA no añade beneficio en la progresión de la ERC. Ensayo clínico Progresión de Enfermedad Renal Crónica en Ancianos (PROERCAN) (NCT03195023). (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Albuminúria , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Hipertensão , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina , Proteinúria , Cardiopatias , Estudos Prospectivos
3.
Rev. neurol. (Ed. impr.) ; 78(8): 219-228, Ene-Jun, 2024. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-232511

RESUMO

Introducción: La doble tarea es una intervención no farmacológica en personas con condiciones neurodegenerativas, utilizada en la enfermedad de Parkinson (EP), principalmente para favorecer el desempeño motor. El objetivo de esta revisión es reunir la evidencia actual sobre cómo el entrenamiento de doble tarea afecta a los procesos cognitivos en personas que presenten EP. Material y métodos. Se desarrolló una revisión sistemática, aplicando las directrices de PRISMA, incluyendo artículos obtenidos en las bases de datos de PubMed, Web of Science, Science Direct y Springer Link. La calidad metodológica se evaluó mediante PEDro y ROBINS-I. Resultados: Doce artículos cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión y exclusión: nueve de ellos corresponden a ensayos controlados aleatorizados y los tres restantes fueron estudios no aleatorizados. Se identificaron mejoras en la atención y las funciones ejecutivas, aunque la diversidad en enfoques y duración dificulta llegar a conclusiones definitivas. Conclusiones: Es crucial expandir la investigación, estandarizando los programas de intervención. Del mismo modo, es importante llevar a cabo estudios longitudinales y controlados aleatorizados en muestras representativas que permitan llegar a conclusiones aplicables a otros contextos.(AU)


Introduction: Dual-tasking is a non-pharmacological intervention in people with neurodegenerative conditions, and is used in Parkinson’s disease (PD), primarily to enhance motor performance. The aim of this review is to compile the current evidence on how dual-task training affects cognitive processes in people with PD. Material and methods: A systematic review was undertaken, applying PRISMA guidelines, which included articles obtained from the PubMed, Web of Science, Science Direct and Springer Link databases. Methodological quality was assessed using PEDro and ROBINS-I. Results: Twelve articles met the inclusion and exclusion criteria: nine of them were randomized controlled trials, and the remaining three were non-randomized studies. Improvements in attention and executive functions were identified, although the diversity of approaches and duration means that reaching definitive conclusions is difficult. Conclusions: Increased research and standardized intervention programmes are essential. Longitudinal and randomized controlled studies in representative samples which provide conclusions that are applicable to other contexts are also important.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Cognição , Doença de Parkinson , Neurologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso
4.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535343

RESUMO

Introducción: La esclerosis lateral amiotrófica (ELA) es la forma más común de enfermedad degenerativa de motoneurona en la edad adulta y es considerada una enfermedad terminal. Por lo mismo, el accionar del fonoaudiólogo debe considerar el respeto a los principios bioéticos básicos para garantizar una asistencia adecuada. Objetivo: Conocer aquellas consideraciones bioéticas relacionadas al manejo y estudio de personas con ELA para luego brindar una aproximación hacia el quehacer fonoaudiológico. Método: Se efectuó una búsqueda bibliográfica en las bases de datos PubMed, Scopus y SciELO. Se filtraron artículos publicados desde 2000 hasta junio de 2023 y fueron seleccionados aquellos que abordaban algún componente bioético en población con ELA. Resultados: Aspectos relacionados al uso del consentimiento informado y a la toma de decisiones compartidas destacaron como elementos esenciales para apoyar la autonomía de las personas. Conclusión: Una correcta comunicación y una toma de decisiones compartida son claves para respetar la autonomía de las personas. A su vez, la estandarización de procedimientos mediante la investigación clínica permitirá aportar al cumplimiento de los principios bioéticos de beneficencia y no maleficencia, indispensables para la práctica profesional.


Introduction: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is the most common form of degenerative motor neuron disease in adulthood and is considered a terminal disease. For this reason, the actions of the speech therapist must consider respect for basic bioethical principles to guarantee adequate assistance. Objective: To know those bioethical considerations related to the management and study of people with ALS to then provide an approach to speech therapy. Methodology: A bibliographic search was carried out in the PubMed, Scopus, and SciELO databases. Articles published from 2000 to June 2023 were filtered and those that addressed a bioethical component in the population with ALS were selected. Results: Aspects related to the use of informed consent and shared decision-making stood out as essential elements to support people's autonomy. Conclusion: Proper communication and shared decision-making are key to respecting people's autonomy. In turn, the standardization of procedures through clinical research will contribute to compliance with the bioethical principles of beneficence and non-maleficence, essential for professional practice.

5.
Gastroenterol Hepatol ; : 502200, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723768

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the characteristics and use of digital health tools (DHT) in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: We performed a qualitative study based on a narrative literature review, a questionnaire and on the opinion of 3 expert gastroenterologists. Several searches were carried out until September 2022 through Medline to identify articles on the use of DHT in IBD by healthcare professionals. A structured questionnaire was designed to be answered by health professionals involved in the care of patients with IBD. The experts generated a set of recommendations. RESULTS: There are multiple DHT for IBD with different characteristics and contents. We received 29 questionnaires. Almost 50% of the participants were 41-50 years old, the majority were women (83%) and 90% were gastroenterologists. A total of 96% reported the use of several DHT, but 20% used them occasionally or infrequently. Web pages were found the most used (62%). DHT are mostly used to get information (80%), followed by clinical practice issues (70%) and educational purposes (62%). G-Educainflamatoria website is the best known and most used HDS (96% and 64%, respectively). The main barriers to the use of DHT in IBD were the lack of time (55%), doubts about the benefit of DHT (50%) and the excess of information (40%). CONCLUSIONS: Healthcare professionals involved in the care of patients with to IBD frequently use DHT, although actions are needed to optimize their use and to guarantee their efficient and safe use.

6.
Gac Med Mex ; 160(1): 9-16, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38753557

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: On December 31, 2019, one of the most serious pandemics in recent times made its appearance. Certain health conditions, such as obesity and diabetes mellitus, have been described to be related to COVID-19 unfavorable outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with mortality in patients with COVID-19. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort of 998,639 patients. Patient sociodemographic and clinical characteristics were analyzed, with survivors being compared with the deceased individuals. Cox proportional hazards model was used to identify variables predictive of COVID-19-associated mortality. RESULTS: Among the deceased patients, men accounted for 64.3%, and women, for 35.7%, with the difference being statistically significant. Subjects older than 80 years had a 13-fold higher risk of dying from COVID-19 (95% CI = 12,469, 13,586), while chronic kidney disease entailed a risk 1.5 times higher (95% CI = 1,341, 1,798), and diabetes mellitus involved a risk 1.25 times higher (95% CI = 1.238,1.276). CONCLUSIONS: Age, sex, diabetes mellitus and obesity were found to be predictors of COVID-19 mortality. Further research related to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cardiovascular diseases, smoking and pregnancy is suggested.


ANTECEDENTES: El 31 de diciembre de 2019, se inició una de las pandemias más graves de los últimos tiempos. Se ha descrito que ciertas condiciones de salud, como la obesidad y la diabetes mellitus, están relacionadas con desenlaces desfavorables por COVID-19. OBJETIVO: Identificar factores asociados a mortalidad en pacientes con COVID-19. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Cohorte retrospectiva de 998 639 pacientes. Se analizaron las características sociodemográficas y clínicas de los pacientes, y se compararon supervivientes con fallecidos. Se utilizó el modelo de riesgos proporcionales de Cox para la identificación de variables predictivas de defunción por COVID-19. RESULTADOS: Entre los fallecidos, los hombres representaron 64.3 % y las mujeres 35.7 %, diferencia que resultó estadísticamente significativa. Las personas con más de 80 años presentaron un riesgo 13 veces mayor de morir por COVID-19 (IC 95 % = 12.469,13.586) y la enfermedad renal crónica, un riesgo de 1.5 (IC 95 % = 1.341, 1.798); la diabetes mellitus tuvo un riesgo de 1.25 (IC 95 % = 1.238,1.276). CONCLUSIONES: La edad, el sexo, la diabetes mellitus y la obesidad resultaron ser entidades predictivas de muerte por COVID-19. Se sugiere más investigación relacionada con enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica, enfermedades cardiovasculares, tabaquismo y embarazo.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus , Obesidade , Humanos , COVID-19/mortalidade , COVID-19/epidemiologia , México/epidemiologia , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Adulto , Obesidade/mortalidade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/mortalidade , Fatores Etários , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Adolescente , Estudos de Coortes , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia
7.
Gastroenterol Hepatol ; : 502197, 2024 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710465

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Biological therapies used for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have shown to be effective and safe, although these results were obtained from studies involving mostly a young population, who are generally included in clinical trials. The aim of our study was to determine the efficacy and safety of the different biological treatments in the elderly population. METHODS: Multicenter study was carried out in the GETECCU group.Patients diagnosed with IBD and aged over 65 years at the time of initiating biological therapy (infliximab, adalimumab, golimumab, ustekinumab or vedolizumab) were retrospectively included. Among the patients included, clinical response was assessed after drug induction (12 weeks of treatment) and at 52 weeks. Patients' colonoscopy data in week 52 were assesment, where available. Regarding complications, development of oncological events during follow-up and infectious processes occurring during biological treatment were collected (excluding bowel infection by cytomegalovirus). RESULTS: A total of 1090 patients were included. After induction, at approximately 12-14 weeks of treatment, 419 patients (39.6%) were in clinical remission, 502 patients (47.4%) had responded without remission and 137 patients (12.9%) had no response. At 52 weeks of treatment 442 patients (57.1%) had achieved clinical remission, 249 patients had responded without remission (32.2%) and 53 patients had no response to the treatment (6.8%). Before 52 weeks, 129 patients (14.8%) had discontinued treatment due to inefficacy, this being significantly higher (p<0.0001) for Golimumab - 9 patients (37.5%) - compared to the other biological treatments analysed. With respect to tumor development, an oncological event was observed in 74 patients (6.9%): 30 patients (8%) on infliximab, 23 (7.14%) on adalimumab, 3 (11.1%) on golimumab, 10 (6.4%) on ustekinumab, and 8 (3.8%) on vedolizumab. The incidence was significantly lower (p = 0.04) for the vedolizumab group compared to other treatments.As regards infections, these occurred in 160 patients during treatment (14.9%), with no differences between the different biologicals used (p = 0.61): 61 patients (19.4%) on infliximab, 39 (12.5%) on adalimumab, 5 (17.8%) on golimumab, 22 (14.1%) on ustekinumab, and 34 (16.5%) on vedolizumab. CONCLUSIONS: Biological drug therapies have response rates in elderly patients similar to those described in the general population, Golimumab was the drug that was discontinued most frequently due to inefficacy.

8.
Gastroenterol Hepatol ; : 502195, 2024 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710466

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Granulocyte-monocyte apheresis (GMA) has shown to be safe and effective in ulcerative colitis (UC), also in combination with biologics, mainly with anti-TNF. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of combining GMA after primary non-response (PNR) or loss of response (LOR) to ustekinumab (UST) in patients with UC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed in 12 IBD Units, including all patients with refractory UC or unclassified IBD (IBD-U) who received combined GMA plus UST. The number and frequency of GMA sessions, filtered blood volume and time of each session were registered. Efficacy was assessed 1 and 6 months after finishing GMA by partial Mayo score, C-reactive protein (CRP) and faecal calprotectin (FC). Descriptive statistics and non-parametric tests were used in the statistical analysis. RESULTS: Seventeen patients were included (15 UC, 2 IBD-U; median age 47 years [IQR, 35-61]; 59% male; 53% E3). Most patients (89%) had prior exposure to anti-TNF agents and 53% to vedolizumab; 65% were also receiving steroids at baseline. Median partial Mayo score at baseline was 6 (IQR, 5-7) and it significantly decreased after 1 and 6 months (p=0.042 and 0.007, respectively). Baseline FC significantly decreased after 6 months (p=0.028) while no differences were found in CRP. During follow-up, 18% patients started a new biologic therapy and 12% required surgery; 64% of patients under steroids were able to discontinue them. Adverse events were reported in one patient. CONCLUSION: GMA can recapture the response to UST in selected cases of UC after PNR or LOR to this drug.

9.
Gastroenterol Hepatol ; : 502196, 2024 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710467

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Granulocyte and monocyte adsorptive apheresis (GMA) removes neutrophils and monocytes from peripheral blood, preventing their incorporation into the inflamed tissue also influencing cytokine balance. Published therapeutic efficacy in ulcerative colitis (UC) is more consistent than in Crohn´s disease (CD). We assessed clinical efficacy of GMA in UC and CD 4 weeks after last induction session, at 3 and 12 months, sustained remission and corticosteroid-free remission. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Retrospective observational study of UC and CD patients treated with GMA. Partial Disease Activity Index-DAIp in UC and Harvey-Bradshaw Index-HBI in CD assessed efficacy of Adacolumn® with induction and optional maintenance sessions. RESULTS: We treated 87 patients (CD-25, UC-62), 87.3% corticosteroid-dependent (CSD), 42.5% refractory/intolerant to immunomodulators. In UC, remission and response were 32.2% and 19.3% after induction, 35.5% and 6.5% at 12 weeks and 29% and 6.5% at 52 weeks. In CD, remission rates were 60%, 52% and 40% respectively. In corticosteroid-dependent and refractory-or-intolerant to INM patients (UC-41, CD-14), 68.3% of UC achieved remission or response after induction, 51.2% at 12 weeks and 46.3% at 52 weeks, and 62.3%, 64.3% and 42.9% in CD. Maintained remission was achieved by 66.6% in CD and 53.1% in UC. Up to 74.5% of patients required corticosteroids at some timepoint. Corticosteroid-free response/remission was 17.7% in UC and 24% in CD. CONCLUSIONS: GMA is a good therapeutic tool for both in UC and CD patients. In corticosteroid-dependent and refractory-or-intolerant to INM patients it avoids biological therapy or surgery in up to 40% of them in one year.

10.
Gastroenterol Hepatol ; : 502192, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719182

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) are diseases that cause a significant impact on patients' quality of life.The aim of this study is to assess the impact of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study, carried out at Torrecárdenas Hospital (Almería). Patients over 14 years of age diagnosed with CD or UC were included.For the assessment of HRQoL, the reduced 9-item IBDQ-9 questionnaire was used. RESULTS: 106 patients with a mean age of 44 years were included, with a female predominance. Forty-five percent of the patients in the sample had UC compared to 55% with CD. Of the patients, 69.8% were in clinical remission.The median questionnaire score was 60.8 points out of 100.Statistically significant differences were observed between sexes, with worse HRQoL for females. No differences were observed between patients with UC and CD. Differences were also detected between patients who underwent surgery and those who did not.A negative association was observed between the number of flares and the questionnaire score. CONCLUSIONS: In our study population, there is an acceptable HRQoL, with no differences observed between CD and UC.Female sex, absence of clinical remission, number of previous outbreaks, and surgery have a negative association with HRQoL.

11.
Gastroenterol Hepatol ; : 502194, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714272

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic disorder that can lead to periods of work-related temporary disability (TD), which may result in the need for permanent disability. The objective was to assess the impact of IBD on patients' temporary disability by analyzing periods, duration, and causes. It also investigates risk factors influencing the severity, frequency, and duration of flare-ups and associated complications in IBD patients. METHOD: The study includes patients aged 18 to 65, with at least 1 day of TD in 2019 (Pre-COVID), referred or not by UMEVI, due to reasons related to IBD. RESULTS: A total of 172 patients were included, and in all cases, TD was associated with IBD. TD was higher in patients over 30 years old, with anxious depressive disorder, who required hospitalization and did not receive prednisone treatment (p<0.05). TD duration was longer in patients belonging to the Special Regime for Self-Employed Workers (RETA): 67 days (IQR: 22-160) versus the General Regime (RG): 33 days (IQR: 8-110), with no statistically significant difference (p=0.120). The mean cost (euro) per worker in this series was euro745.5 (IQR: 231-2608.2). CONCLUSIONS: IBD has a significant impact on patients' temporary work disability. The duration of TD was longer in patients older than 30 years, with anxious-depressive disorder, who required hospital admission and did not receive steroid treatment.

12.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714470

RESUMO

Retinal venous occlusion (RVO) is the second most frequent cause of decreased visual acuity due to retinal vascular, after diabetic retinopathy. Its etiology is not completely clear. Current scientific evidence suggests that it is related to the atherosclerotic process given the high number of cardiovascular risk factors and the higher incidence of cardiovascular events in these patients. In fact, RVO implies a 45% higher risk of stroke, 26% of acute myocardial infarction and peripheral vascular disease, 53% of heart failure and 36% of overall mortality, compared to the general population adjusted for age, sex and the different cardiovascular risk factors. However, no increase in cardiovascular mortality has been detected. Therefore, a multidisciplinary clinical approach to this pathology is essential.

14.
Cir Cir ; 92(2): 276-282, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38782380

RESUMO

The endoscopic treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has evolved significantly in the past 20 years. Current practices include devices specifically designed for GERD. Newer techniques aim to use less extra equipment, to be less costly, and to use accessories readily available in endoscopy units, as well as using standard endoscopes to apply such techniques. It is of utmost importance to properly select the patients for endoscopic therapy, and it should be done in a multidisciplinary approach.


El tratamiento endoscópico de la enfermedad por reflujo gastroesofágico (ERGE) ha evolucionado significativamente en los últimos 20 años. Las prácticas actuales incluyen dispositivos diseñados específicamente para la ERGE. Las técnicas más nuevas tienen como objetivo utilizar menos equipos adicionales, ser menos costosos y utilizar accesorios fácilmente disponibles en las unidades de endoscopia, así como utilizar endoscopios estándar para aplicar dichas técnicas. Es de suma importancia seleccionar adecuadamente a los pacientes para la terapia endoscópica, y debe hacerse en un enfoque multidisciplinario.


Assuntos
Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/cirurgia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/terapia , Humanos , Esofagoscopia/métodos , Fundoplicatura/métodos , Seleção de Pacientes , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/métodos
15.
Conserv Biol ; : e14284, 2024 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38785034

RESUMO

Contemporary wildlife disease management is complex because managers need to respond to a wide range of stakeholders, multiple uncertainties, and difficult trade-offs that characterize the interconnected challenges of today. Despite general acknowledgment of these complexities, managing wildlife disease tends to be framed as a scientific problem, in which the major challenge is lack of knowledge. The complex and multifactorial process of decision-making is collapsed into a scientific endeavor to reduce uncertainty. As a result, contemporary decision-making may be oversimplified, rely on simple heuristics, and fail to account for the broader legal, social, and economic context in which the decisions are made. Concurrently, scientific research on wildlife disease may be distant from this decision context, resulting in information that may not be directly relevant to the pertinent management questions. We propose reframing wildlife disease management challenges as decision problems and addressing them with decision analytical tools to divide the complex problems into more cognitively manageable elements. In particular, structured decision-making has the potential to improve the quality, rigor, and transparency of decisions about wildlife disease in a variety of systems. Examples of management of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, white-nose syndrome, avian influenza, and chytridiomycosis illustrate the most common impediments to decision-making, including competing objectives, risks, prediction uncertainty, and limited resources.


Replanteamiento del manejo de problemas por enfermedades de fauna mediante el análisis de decisiones Resumen El manejo actual de las enfermedades de la fauna es complejo debido a que los gestores necesitan responder a una amplia gama de actores, varias incertidumbres y compensaciones difíciles que caracterizan los retos interconectados del día de hoy. A pesar de que en general se reconocen estas complejidades, el manejo de las enfermedades tiende a plantearse como un problema científico en el que el principal obstáculo es la falta de conocimiento. El proceso complejo y multifactorial de la toma decisiones está colapsado dentro de un esfuerzo científico para reducir la incertidumbre. Como resultado de esto, las decisiones contemporáneas pueden estar simplificadas en exceso, depender de métodos heurísticos simples y no considerar el contexto legal, social y económico más amplio en el que se toman las decisiones. De manera paralela, las investigaciones científicas sobre las enfermedades de la fauna pueden estar lejos de este contexto de decisiones, lo que deriva en información que puede no ser directamente relevante para las preguntas pertinentes de manejo. Proponemos replantear los obstáculos para el manejo de enfermedades de fauna como problemas de decisión y abordarlos con herramientas analíticas de decisión para dividir los problemas complejos en elementos más manejables de manera cognitiva. En particular, las decisiones estructuradas tienen el potencial de mejorar la calidad, el rigor y la transparencia de las decisiones sobre las enfermedades de la fauna en una variedad de sistemas. Ejemplos como el manejo del coronavirus del síndrome de respiración agudo tipo 2, el síndrome de nariz blanca, la influenza aviar y la quitridiomicosis ilustran los impedimentos más comunes para la toma de decisiones, incluyendo los objetivos en competencia, riesgos, incertidumbre en las predicciones y recursos limitados.

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