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1.
J Periodontol ; 95(1): 74-83, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37436716

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study aimed to examine upper lip (UL) and smile characteristics and soft tissue excessive gingival display (EGD) etiologies (hypermobile upper lip [HUL], altered passive eruption [APE], and short upper lip [SUL]) in a nondental adult population and to analyze interracial (Black and White) and intersex differences. METHODS: Community participants, non-Hispanic Blacks (NHB) and non-Hispanic Whites (NHW), were recruited and examined for UL vertical dimensions at rest and maximum smile and for HUL, APE, and SUL. Associations between gingival display (GD) or EGD and UL anatomical characteristics, HUL, APE, and SUL were analyzed. RESULTS: Participants included 66 NHB and 65 NHW adults. Ergotrid height (greater among NHW; p = 0.019) averaged 14.0 mm. Upper lip vermilion length (ULVL), total UL length, internal lip length, total UL length during smile, and UL mobility averaged 8.6, 22.5, 23.1, 16.6, and 5.9 mm, respectively (all significantly greater in NHB; p ≤ 0.012). SUL prevalence was 4.6%, found only among NHW. Lip length change from rest to smile (LLC) averaged 26.2% (significantly greater in females; p = 0.003). HUL prevalence was 10.7% (NHB 13.1%, NHW 3.5%; p = 0.024). NHB had significantly greater GD (p ≤ 0.017). EGD and APE prevalence (6.9% for both) showed significant interracial and intersex differences (p ≤ 0.014). Multivariate logistic regression analyses indicated that LLC and HUL were the most consistently significant EGD determinants. CONCLUSIONS: UL anatomical and functional characteristics and soft tissue-related EGD etiologies exhibit significant interracial and intersex differences, with UL mobility/hypermobility being the most consistently significant determinant of GD.


Assuntos
Hominidae , Lábio , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Animais , Caracteres Sexuais , Estudos Transversais , Estética Dentária , Gengiva , Sorriso
2.
Medisur ; 21(6)dic. 2023.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550550

RESUMO

La tecnología CAD/CAM es una forma innovadora relacionada con la implementación de técnicas digitales para mejorar las restauraciones prostéticas en un paciente, entre ellas, las destinadas a la estética dental. El presente estudio tiene el objetivo de describir la utilidad de la tecnología CAD/CAM en la fabricación de prótesis dentales. Para ello se realizó una revisión de la literatura médica disponible en las bases de datos PubMed/Medline, Scopus y SciELO, mediante fórmulas de búsqueda avanzada; se seleccionaron artículos en idioma español e inglés. En la actualidad, con esta tecnología se ha logrado combinar estética, resistencia y precisión en la restauración directa, además de garantizarse una mayor duración y años de funcionalidad para cada una de las prótesis, coronas e implantes. La calidad de vida y satisfacción referidas por los pacientes portadores de piezas producidas con esta tecnología, es superior a las manifestadas por aquellos tratados con piezas de fabricación tradicional. El uso de técnicas de inteligencia artificial y biomateriales representará un cambio cualitativo y cuantitativo en el uso de los sistemas CAD/CAM.


CAD/CAM technology is an innovative way related to the implementation of digital techniques to improve prosthetic restorations in a patient, including those intended for dental aesthetics. The objective of this study is to describe the usefulness of CAD/CAM technology in the dental prostheses manufacture. A review of the medical literature available in the PubMed/Medline, Scopus and SciELO databases was carried out, using advanced search formulas; Articles in Spanish and English were selected. Currently, with this technology it has been possible to combine aesthetics, resistance and precision in direct restoration, in addition to guaranteeing greater duration and years of functionality for each of the prostheses, crowns and implants. The quality of life and satisfaction reported by patients wearing parts produced with this technology is higher than those reported by those treated with traditionally manufactured parts. The use of artificial intelligence and biomaterials techniques will represent a qualitative and quantitative change in the use of CAD/CAM systems.

3.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(3): 33414, 26 dez. 2023. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1524471

RESUMO

Introdução:A estética do sorriso é um aspecto valorizado pela sociedade atual, o que demanda que os profissionais de odontologia estejam atualizados sobre materiais dentários e novas técnicas para alcançar resultados estéticos restauradores de alta qualidade. A resina composta é frequentemente utilizada para simplificar a reabilitação oral, pois oferece facetas dentárias que combinam excelente estética e durabilidade. Objetivo:Este artigo tem como objetivo relatar um caso clínico de reabilitação estética utilizando facetas em resina composta com fechamento de diastemas.Relato de caso:Uma paciente do sexo feminino, com 24 anos de idade, procurou a clínica escola de odontologia com insatisfação em relação à estética do seu sorriso. A pacienteapresentava diastemas, restauração defeituosa e desproporção no tamanho dos dentes anteriores. O tratamento consistiu em um clareamento caseiro prévio, seguido pela confecção de facetas diretas em resina composta para fechamento dos diastemas e correção da desproporção dentária. Foram utilizados um Jig Estético e o software Digital Smile Design (DSD)para o planejamento, além de um mock-up em resina bisacrílica. Após a confecção das facetas, foi obtido um resultado estético final satisfatório. O caso incluiu um total de oito facetas,dos dentes 14 ao 24. Conclusão:O tratamento utilizando restaurações em resina composta proporcionou à paciente uma reabilitação estética, funcional e biológica (AU).


Introduction:Smile aesthetics is an aspect valued by today's society, which demands that dental professionals are up to date on dental materials and new techniques to achieve high-quality restorative aesthetic results. Composite resin is often used to simplify oral rehabilitation, as it offers dental veneers which combine excellent aesthetics and durability. Objective:This article aims to report a clinical case of aesthetic rehabilitation using composite resin veneers with diastema closure. Case report:A24-year-old female patient came to the dental school clinic with dissatisfaction regarding the aesthetics of her smile. The patient had diastemas, defective restoration and disproportionate anterior teeth size. The treatment consisted of prior at-home tooth bleaching, followed by creating direct composite resin veneers to close the diastemas and correct tooth disproportion. An Aesthetic Jig and the Digital Smile Design (DSD) software program were used for planning, in addition to a mock-up in bisacrylic resin. After treatment, a satisfactory final aesthetic result was obtained. The case included a total of eight veneers, from teeth 14 to 24. Conclusion:Treatment using composite resin restorations provided the patient with aesthetic, functional and biological rehabilitation (AU).


Introducción: La estética de la sonrisa es un aspecto valorado por la sociedad actual, hecho que demanda de los profesionales de odontología actualización constante sobre los materiales dentarios y nuevas técnicas para alcanzar resultados estéticos restauradores de altacualidad. La resina compuesta es frecuentemente utilizada para simplificar la rehabilitación oral, pues ofrece facetas dentarias que combinan excelente estética y durabilidad.Objetivo: Este artículo tiene como objetivo relatar un caso clínico de rehabilitación estética a partir de la utilización de facetas en resina compuesta con cierre de diastemas. Informe de caso: Una paciente, del sexo femenino, con 24 años de edad, buscó la clínica-escuela de odontología insatisfecha con la estética de su sonrisa. La paciente presentaba diastemas, restauración dentaria defectuosa y desproporción en el tamaño de los dientes anteriores. El tratamiento consistió en un blanqueamiento casero previo, seguido por la confección de facetas directas de resina compuesta para cierre de los diastemas y corrección de la desproporción dentaria. Fueron utilizados un Jig Estético y el software Digital Smile Design(DSD) para el planeamiento, además de un mock-upen resina bisacrílica. Tras la confección de las facetas, fue obtenido un resultado estético final satisfactorio. El caso incluyó un total de ocho facetas, de los dientes 14 al 24.Conclusión: El tratamiento a partir de restauraciones en resina compuesta proporcionó a la paciente una rehabilitación estética, funcional y biológica (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Facetas Dentárias , Diastema/terapia , Clareamento Dental , Satisfação do Paciente , Materiais Dentários/uso terapêutico , Estética Dentária , Reabilitação Bucal
4.
J Dent ; 138: 104711, 2023 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37730094

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Excessive gingival display (EGD), also known as gummy smile, has various causes, including altered passive eruption (APE) and hypermobile upper lip (HUL). This state-of-the art narrative review explores current concepts regarding soft tissue EGD etiologies and the contemporary modalities available for APE or HUL treatment. DATA, SOURCES, STUDY SELECTION: Literature search was conducted for a narrative review on the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of EGD caused by APE and HUL. Searching for articles was carried out in PubMed and Google Scholar. Published articles, including case reports, case series, observational and interventional clinical trials, and critical appraisals of the literature (e.g., systematic reviews) on the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of EGD caused by APE and HUL were retrieved and reviewed. Particular focus was placed on novel treatment modalities introduced in the last five years. CONCLUSIONS: Recent research evidence indicates that APE and HUL are the two major soft tissue-based EGD etiologies. Aesthetic crown lengthening (ACL) and lip repositioning surgery (LRS) are the established surgical treatment modalities for APE and HUL, respectively. The last few years have seen the introduction of new techniques for APE and HUL management, an expansion of the available ACL and LRS technique variations, and additional evidence further supporting the effectiveness of these two procedures. Several of the recently introduced approaches offer unique, innovative, and potentially impactful concepts. However, for many of these newly described treatments the available evidence is limited to case reports and the exact indications remain to be adequately defined. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Altered passive eruption and hypermobile upper lip are the common soft tissue causes of gummy smile and can be successfully managed through aesthetic crown lengthening and lip repositioning surgery, respectively. A wide range of newly introduced approaches promises to further facilitate gummy smile treatment and improve outcomes.


Assuntos
Gengiva , Hominidae , Animais , Lábio/cirurgia , Estética Dentária , Sorriso
5.
Front Dent ; 20: 14, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37312831

RESUMO

Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the pH changes and penetration of hydrogen peroxide into radicular dentin when different protective bases were used with and without a bonding agent. Materials and Methods: In this in-vitro experimental study, 70 single-rooted bovine teeth were instrumented and obturated with gutta-percha. The gutta-percha was removed 3mm below the cementoenamel junction (CEJ) and the teeth were divided into seven groups (n=10). In each group, 2mm base (1mm apical to the CEJ) was applied as follows: TheraCal LC, TheraCal LC plus SE Bond, Lime-Lite, Lime-Lite plus SE Bond, Ionoseal, Ionoseal plus SE Bond, and resin-modified glass ionomer (RMGI). The teeth were placed in vials containing distilled water, and pH values and molar concentration of the medium surrounding the teeth were recorded immediately after internal bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide. The pH values were also recorded at 1, 7, and 14 days following renewal of the medium. Data were analyzed with t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: After bleaching, the medium pH became acidic in all groups. There were no significant differences among groups in the mean pH of the medium after bleaching (P=0.189). Moreover, there were no significant differences among the study groups with respect to hydrogen peroxide concentration (P=0.895). Conclusion: Intra-orifice barriers such as light-cure resin-modified calcium hydroxide, light-cure resin-reinforced glass ionomer, and light-cure calcium silicate can be as effective as RMGI in providing coronal seal during intracoronal bleaching.

6.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 27(2)jun. 2023.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440541

RESUMO

La transposición es el intercambio de la posición de dos dientes adyacentes durante los primeros años de la dentición mixta. El objetivo de la investigación fue evaluar los cambios clínicos de un caso con transposición parcial bilateral de incisivos laterales mandibulares. Se atendió una paciente de 8 años de edad, femenina, de raza blanca, síndrome de Clase II división 1, con transposición de los incisivos laterales con caninos inferiores. Fue tratada con un arco lingual de cierre horizontal, de alambre 0,032 y dos muelles de NiTi comprimidos desde el cierre horizontal del arco hasta una armella soldada a la banda que se colocó en ambos incisivos laterales. Se recuperó el espacio necesario para la erupción de los caninos inferiores y así mejoró la estética dental y facial de la paciente.


Transposition is the exchange of the position of two adjacent teeth during the first years of the mixed dentition. The objective of this research is to evaluate the clinical changes of a case with partial bilateral transposition of mandibular lateral incisors. We present an 8-year-old white female patient with Class II Division 1 malocclusion and transposition of the lateral incisors with lower canines. She was treated with a 0.032 wire horizontal closure lingual arch and two NiTi springs compressed from the horizontal closure of the arch to an eyebolt welded to the band that was placed on both lateral incisors. The necessary space for the eruption of the lower canines was recovered, thus improving her dental and facial aesthetics.


Assuntos
Estética Dentária , Incisivo , Anormalidades da Boca
7.
Orthod Craniofac Res ; 26 Suppl 1: 180-187, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37089069

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of common beverages and accelerated aging on the colour stability of filled resins, which could potentially be used for fabrication of 3D-printed orthodontic brackets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: GR-17.1 (shades A1, A2, and A3), and GR-10 Guide resins (pro3dure medical, Eden Prairie, MN) were printed on an Asiga MAX UV printer into discs 2 mm thick, with a diameter of 10 mm, and then post-print processed as per manufacturer's instructions. Discs were immersed in 5 mL of coffee, tea, red wine, or distilled water for 7 days. Another group was subjected to accelerated aging in accordance with ISO Standard 4892-2. Ten samples were produced per resin, per treatment condition. Colour measurements were taken on the discs before and after treatment using a spectrophotometer against white and black reference tiles to assess colour and translucency differences with the CIEDE2000 colour difference formula. RESULTS: While initial colour of the printed resin discs was acceptable, all resin groups underwent significant colour change during the experiment. Red wine and coffee produced the greatest colour and translucency change, followed by tea, with accelerated aging producing the least change in colour and translucency. CONCLUSION: The 3D-printed resins tested underwent significant changes in colour and translucency following exposure to endogenous and exogenous sources of staining, which may affect their acceptability for fabrication of aesthetic orthodontic brackets.


Assuntos
Café , Braquetes Ortodônticos , Cor , Chá , Estética Dentária , Impressão Tridimensional , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície
8.
Restor Dent Endod ; 48(1): e7, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36875813

RESUMO

Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the surrounding and underlying shades' effect on the color adjustment potential (CAP) of a single-shade composite used in a thin layer. Materials and Methods: Cylinder specimens (1.0 mm thick) were built with the Vittra APS Unique composite, surrounded (dual specimens) or not (simple specimens) by a control composite (shade A1, A2, or A3). Simple specimens were also built only with the control composites. Each specimen's color was measured against white and black backgrounds or the simple control specimens with a spectrophotometer (CIELAB system). The whiteness index for dentistry (WID) and translucency parameters (TP00) were calculated for simple specimens. Differences (ΔE00) in color between the simple/dual specimens and the controls were calculated. The CAP was calculated based on the ratios between data from simple and dual specimens. Results: The Vittra APS Unique composite showed higher WID and TP00 values than the controls. The highest values of ΔE00 were observed among simple specimens. The color measurements of Vittra APS Unique (simple or dual) against the control specimens presented the lowest color differences. Only surrounding the single-shade composite with a shaded composite barely impacted the ΔE00. The highest CAP values were obtained using a shaded composite under simple or dual specimens. Conclusions: The CAP of Vittra APS Unique was strongly affected by the underlying shade, while surrounding this composite with a shaded one barely affected its color adjustment.

9.
Cient. dent. (Ed. impr.) ; 20(1): 31-36, feb.-mar. 2023. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-220171

RESUMO

Introducción: La sonrisa es uno de los factores más importantes a considerardurante el tratamiento de ortodoncia, lacual se ve influenciada por los labios, asícomo el soporte dental.Objetivo: El objetivo de esta investigación es observar la relación que existeentre el perfil y protrusión labial con lanecesidad de realizar extracciones dedientes.Materiales y métodos: Para calcular lamuestra se utilizó un nivel de confianzadel 95%, la precisión del 3% y una proporción del 5%, el resultado fue un tamañode muestra de 168 radiografías. Previo atomar las medidas se revisó el diagnóstico y tratamiento para evaluar el patrónde extracciones. Para la toma de medidasdel perfil labial se midió la distancia entreel plano estético y el punto labial superiore inferior respectivamente, y se organizaron en 5 categorías. Además, se tomó lamedida del ángulo nasolabial.Resultados: Se encontraron diferenciasestadísticamente significativas al comparar los promedios de la distancia de lalínea E al labio superior (f 5.79 p<0.000)y labio inferior (f 8.66 p<0.000) entre lospacientes sin extracciones y los pacientes con diferentes patrones de extracciones. Sin embargo, los promedios delos ángulos nasolabiales en los diferentes patrones de extracción no presentaron diferencias estadísticas significativas (f 1.13 p<0.3384)... (AU)


Introduction: The smile is one of themost important factors to consider duringorthodontic treatment, which is influencedby the lips, as well as dental support.Objective: The objective of this researchis to observe the relationship that exists between the profile and labialprotrusion with the need to perform toothextractions. Materials and methods: To calculate the sample, a confidence level of 95% was used, precision of 3% and a proportion of 5%, the result was a sample size of 168 radiographs. Before taking the measurements, the diagnosis and treatment were reviewed to evaluate the pattern of extractions. To take measurements of the lip profile, the distance between the esthetic plane and the upper and lower lip points,respectively, was measured, and they were organized into 5 categories.In addition, the measurement of the nasolabial angle was taken.Results: Statistically significant differences were found when comparing the means of the distance from the Eline to the upper lip (f 5.79 p<0.000)and lower lip (f 8.66 p<0.000) between patients without extractions and patients with different patterns of extractions. However, the means of the nasolabial angles in the different extraction patterns...(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Ortodontia Corretiva/métodos , Extração Dentária/métodos , Estética Dentária , Sulco Nasogeniano , Estudos Transversais
10.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 35(7): 993-1000, 2023 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36815432

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Natural restorations combine digital workflow and shell technique to create CAD/CAM restorations with the form and texture of natural teeth. This case report describes an interdisciplinary digital workflow combined with CAD/CAM natural restorations to achieve the naturalness of an anterior rehabilitation. CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS: A 38-year-old patient attended to the office with esthetic issues. An interdisciplinary treatment plan was conducted, which included periodontal surgery to recreate the gingival contour, associated with bleaching and manufacturing CAD/CAM ceramic veneers to return an optimal teeth surface texture and shape. CONCLUSIONS: The design and manufacturing of CAD/CAM natural restorations using a digital workflow allowed a predictable result and overcame the limitations of conventional shell technique. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Conventional shell technique is used to create restorations with the form and texture of natural teeth. This article presents a combination of the conventional shell technique with a digital workflow, facilitating the design and manufacturing of CAD/CAM natural restorations.


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Humanos , Adulto , Fluxo de Trabalho , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Gengiva
11.
J Orofac Orthop ; 2023 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36729160

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As the demands on esthetic orthodontic devices continue to increase, discoloration of colored elastomeric modules is still a concern for patients and orthodontics. Thus, we performed an in vivo study evaluating discoloration of stretched colored elastomeric modules (i.e., white, gray, and pink). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In all, 90 elastomeric modules of three different colors (white, gray and pink; 30 elastics from each color) were placed around brackets. The elastomeric modules were distributed and arranged randomly in the patients' four dental quadrants, and were removed after 1, 2, and 4 weeks. Color measurements were made before and after insertion into each patient's mouth. Digital images were taken with the camera of a mobile phone (iPhone X, Cupertino, CA, USA), and the variations in color were characterized using the Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage (CIE) color space system (L*a*b*) offered by Photoshop (Adobe, San Jose, CA, USA). Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and least significant difference (LSD) tests were used for statistical analyses. RESULTS: The white elastomeric modules were most prone to discoloration, followed by the pink and then finally by the gray colored modules. The amount of discoloration resulting from a random diet practiced by the patients increased gradually (but was not significant) for all elastomeric modules studied and reach a peak after 2 weeks for the white and gray elastomeric modules, while discoloration of the pink elastomeric modules plateaued after 1 week. CONCLUSION: Colored elastomeric modules (e.g., white, gray, and pink) discolor to variable degrees over time. Thus, patients should be advised that the consumption of food and drinks may result in discoloration of the elastomeric modules.

12.
Clin Adv Periodontics ; 13(1): 5-10, 2023 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34792298

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Gingival recession (GR) is a relevant clinical condition due to its high prevalence worldwide, which leads to aesthetic demands and dentin hypersensitivity. Collagen matrices have been associated with different designs of coronally advanced flaps (CAFs) to treat GR defects. However, the literature lacks long-term follow-up of this treatment option. The aim of this study is to present the long-term follow-up (up to 7 years) of two GR defects (associated or not with noncarious cervical lesion) treated with a CAF and a collagen matrix (CM). CASE PRESENTATION: Case 1 underwent a CAF associated with a CM to treat a single GR defect. After 7 years, Case 1 presented with 3 mm of recession reduction, which corresponds with the 85.7% of root coverage. Case 2 presented two GR defects associated with noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs). The NCCLs were partially restored with resin composite and then underwent a modified CAF for multiple defects and a CM. After 5 years of follow-up, Case 2 presented with 1.5 and 2.5 mm of recession reduction, which corresponds with the average 83.3% defect coverage. CONCLUSION: These two cases may show that CMs can provide long-term stable outcomes in the treatment of GR defects. Why is this case new information? One of the cases is the first one to describe a 7 years of follow-up after CAF+CM to treat gingival recession defects. What are the keys to successful management of this case? Correct material handling. Adequate restorative protocol and surgical technique. What are the primary limitations to success in this case? Diagnose Patient compliance.


Assuntos
Retração Gengival , Humanos , Retração Gengival/cirurgia , Gengiva , Resultado do Tratamento , Estética Dentária , Colágeno/uso terapêutico
13.
J Orofac Orthop ; 84(2): 125-133, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34379133

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare enamel colour changes of incisors and canines produced by various orthodontic adhesives following treatment with fixed appliances. METHODS: The study included 300 maxillary and mandibular central and lateral incisors, and canines of 25 subjects who finished fixed appliance treatment. The following adhesives were used according to the manufacturer's instructions: Transbond XT (3M Unitek, Monrovia, CA, USA), Kurasper F (Kuraray Europe GmbH, Frankfurt, Germany), Grengloo (Ormco Corporation, Glendora, CA, USA) and Light Bond (Reliance Orthodontic Products, Itasca, IL, USA). Different adhesives were placed in each quadrant of the subjects. Pretreatment and posttreatment enamel colours were evaluated at the middle third of the buccal surfaces of teeth using the SpectroShade Micro Dental Colour Complete Tooth Analysis SystemTM (MHT International, Verona, Italy). Tooth colour was determined using the Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage L* a* b* system, and ∆E values were calculated. RESULTS: Pretreatment and posttreatment intragroup comparison results showed significant decreases in L* and b*, as well as insignificant changes in a* for all teeth. Significantly less enamel colour changes occurred in the Kurasper F group compared with the Grengloo and Light Bond groups. Evaluating incisors and canines separately, overall intergroup comparisons were not significant. Enamel colour changes were significantly less only for the canines compared to the incisors in the Transbond XT and Kurasper F groups. The ∆E values were 1.83-2.18 and 1.41-1.95 for incisors and canines, respectively. CONCLUSION: Although statistically less enamel colour changes occurred in the Kurasper F group compared with the Grengloo and Light Bond groups, the observed changes were not clinically relevant.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Braquetes Ortodônticos , Cimentos Dentários , Cor , Cimentos de Resina/química , Esmalte Dentário , Teste de Materiais
14.
RGO (Porto Alegre) ; 71: e20230022, 2023. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1449017

RESUMO

ABSTRACT The CAD/CAM technology arose from the need to develop materials with better mechanical and optical properties that could be used for making monolithic restorations. Several materials have been used for milling indirect restorations in prefabricated blocks. Among them, lithium silicate reinforced with zirconia. Due to its recent introduction in the market, this case report aimed to present a detailed clinical protocol for the execution of a ceramic onlay of this material using CAD/CAM technology. A 57-year-old female patient sought care with extensive restoration in composite resin (BOMD) of tooth 15 maintained for almost two years. However, due to bruxism, constant dental tightening, the extension of the direct restoration and the need for improved esthetics, it was proposed to replace it with an indirect ceramic onlay restoration. Prophylaxis and choice of the color of the patient's dental substrate were performed. Afterwards, the dental preparation was made and polished. Subsequently, the molding was made with addition silicone and the provisional restoration confectioned. Once the stone model was obtained, it was scanned and the ceramic onlay restoration was milled using CAD/CAM technology. Finally, the restoration was stained and cemented over the preparation. After 2 years, the restoration remained stable, with no evidence of color mismatch, marginal discoloration, marginal cleft, caries or fracture, proving the effectiveness of the treatment in this time interval. The correct indication of the ceramic material combined with the use of CAD/CAM technology facilitated the restorative process, restoring function and the esthetics desired by the patient.


RESUMO A tecnologia CAD/CAM surgiu da necessidade de desenvolvimento de materiais com melhores propriedades mecânicas e ópticas que pudessem ser utilizados para confecção de restaurações monolíticas. Diversos materiais têm sido utilizados para fresagem de restaurações indiretas em blocos pré-fabricados. Dentre eles, o silicato de lítio reforçado com zircônia. Devido a sua recente introdução no mercado, este relato de caso objetivou apresentar um protocolo clínico detalhado para a execução de uma onlay cerâmica desse material utilizando a tecnologia CAD/CAM. Paciente, 57 anos, sexo feminino, procurou atendimento com extensa restauração em resina composta envolvendo as faces (MODV) do dente 15 mantida por quase dois anos. Contudo, em virtude do bruxismo, do apertamento dental constante, da extensão da restauração direta e da necessidade de melhora na estética, foi proposto a substituição por uma restauração indireta em cerâmica do tipo onlay. Foi realizada a profilaxia e escolha da cor do substrato dental da paciente. Em seguida o preparo dental foi confeccionado e polido. Posteriormente foi feita a moldagem com silicone de adição e a confecção do provisório. Com a obtenção do modelo, este foi escaneado e fresada a onlay cerâmica pela tecnologia CAD/CAM, que posteriormente foi maquiada e cimentada sobre o preparo. Após 2 anos, a restauração permaneceu estável, sem evidência de incompatibilidade de cor, descoloração marginal, fenda marginal, cárie ou fratura, comprovando a eficácia do tratamento neste intervalo de tempo. A correta indicação do material cerâmico aliada ao uso da tecnologia CAD-CAM facilitou o processo restaurador devolvendo função e a estética desejada pela paciente.

15.
Arq. odontol ; 59: 30-38, 2023. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1434145

RESUMO

Objetivo: Avaliar a efetividade dos dentifrícios categorizados como do tipo clareadores no clareamento dental, por meio de um levantamento da evidência científica. Métodos: Foram utilizadas as bases de dados eletrônicas Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science e Scopus para a busca dos estudos até o mês de agosto de 2021. Estudos clínicos que compararam os dentifrícios mencionados como clareadores com os dentifrícios não clareadores na mudança de cor dos dentes foram incluídos. As palavras-chaves utilizadas na estratégia de busca foram: "whiteningtoothpastes", "whiteningdentifrice", "toothpastes", "dentifrice", "color change", "colorationanalysis" e "toothbleaching". Os dados foram analisados por meio de uma síntese qualitativa, detalhando os principais resultados dos estudos incluídos. Após a etapa de leitura e seleção dos artigos, foram incluídos 5 artigos para essa revisão integrativa. Resultados: O creme dental mais utilizado foi o Close Up White Now (n = 3). A metodologia de cor mais utilizada foi a espectrofotometria, o tipo de estudo que predominou foi o ensaio clínico randomizado, avaliando o esmalte dental humano. No que se refere ao RDA (Relative Dentin Abrasitity), os dentifrícios clareadores apresentam um índice entre 60-100, por vezes superior à 100, sendo considerados abrasivos. Conclusão: Nos resultados de alguns estudos incluídos, os dentifrícios clareadores não apresentaram efeito de clareamento intrínseco, apenas o efeito de remoção de manchas extrínsecas foi observado.


Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of dentifrices categorized as whitening in tooth whitening, through a survey of scientific evidence. Methods: The Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, and Scopus electronic databases were used to search for studies up to August 2021. Clinical studies that compared dentifrices mentioned as whitening with non-whitening dentifrices in the change of tooth color were also included. The keywords used in the search strategy were: "whiteningtoothpastes", "whiteningdentifrice", "toothpastes", "dentifrice", "color change", "colorationanalysis", and "toothbleaching". Data were analyzed using a qualitative synthesis, detailing the main results of the included studies. After reading and selecting the articles, five articles were included in this integrative review. Results: The most used widely toothpaste was Close Up White Now (n = 3). The most commonly used color methodology was spectrophotometry, while the predominant type of study was the randomized clinical trial, evaluating human dental enamel. Regarding the RDA (Relative Dentin Abrasitity), whitening toothpastes have an index between 60-100, sometimes higher than the 100, and are considered abrasive. Conclusion: In the results of some of the included studies, whitening dentifrices did not have an intrinsic whitening effect; only the effect of removing extrinsic stains was observed.


Assuntos
Clareamento Dental , Cremes Dentais , Efetividade , Estética Dentária
16.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e230408, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1442823

RESUMO

Aim: To evaluate the prevalence and factors associated with gummy smiles in adolescents aged between 15 and 18 years attending high school. Methods: The cross-sectional and quantitative study was carried out during the Covid-19 pandemic, with 160 adolescents, from two public (A1) and two private (A2) schools chosen by lottery, divided into two groups: G1 (with gummy smile) and G2 (no gummy smile). A clinical examination was carried out on the adolescents, investigating the presence or absence of a gummy smile (GS), by analyzing the variables (interlabial distance at rest, upper incisor exposure at rest, smile arc, measurement from the subnasal to the upper lip philtrum, upper lip length, upper lip thickness, hypermobility and lower/middle third ratio). Means and dispersion were obtained, and the Chi-square association test was applied, to compare the results between A1 and A2 and between G1 and G2. Results: The prevalence of GS was 33.8% (=54). It was found that no statistically significant associations were found (p > 0.05), regarding the type of school and gender with the presence of GS in adolescents. There was no statistically significant difference (χ² = 1.82; p = 0.07) between the groups and the age of adolescents. There was a significant association between the studied variables and GS (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The prevalence was high with a predominance of females. There were no statistically significant associations regarding the type of school and gender, but there was a significant association between gummy smile and lip dimensions


Assuntos
Adolescente , Sorriso , Adolescente , Estética Dentária , Lábio
17.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e237434, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1393428

RESUMO

Aim: To determine the prevalence of dental development anomalies and type of influence on the smile of adolescent students. Method: This was a cross-sectional and analytical study carried out in two public (A1) and two private (A2) schools chosen by lot in the city of Parnaíba-Piauí. The sample calculation was based on the target population: number of people enrolled in public and private schools between 15 and 19 years, in the city of Parnaíba-PI, which totaled 6209 students in 2020, according to a survey carried out by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics ­ IBGE. A questionnaire on epidemiological data and aesthetic self-perception of the smile was applied to 160 adolescents between 15 and 19 years old, from August 2020 to July 2021. The clinical examination was carried out under natural light, to check for the presence of anomaly(s) in the dental development. Students who presented only one pathology would be called group 1 (G1), those who presented two would be called group 2 (G2) and those who presented 3 or more would be called group 3 (G3). On the other hand, adolescents in whom no anomaly was evidenced would participate in the control group (CG), both in A1 and A2. Results: It was observed that 37.5% of the sample had only a type of dental anomaly, corresponding to 60 individuals. The most prevalent were enamel hypoplasia, fusion, transposition, agenesis, ectopic eruption, microdent and dens-in-dent. It was possible to verify a higher prevalence in the maxilla, private schools (76.6%) and females (86.6%). In 45% of adolescents with dental anomalies, embarrassment was observed when smiling. Conclusion: The prevalence was relatively high, highlighting the enamel hypoplasia, influencing the smile esthetics of a reasonable number of adolescents, whether for acquaintances, strangers or even for photographs


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Sorriso , Anormalidades Dentárias/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Esmalte Dentário/anormalidades , Diagnóstico Bucal , Estética Dentária
18.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 37: e035, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1430033

RESUMO

Abstract This study evaluated the background and effect of surrounding colors on the color blending of a single-shade composite used in a thin layer. Disc-shaped specimens (1.0 mm thickness) were built with the Vittra APS Unique composite surrounded (dual specimens) or not surrounded (simple specimens) by a control composite (shade A1, A2, or A3). Simple specimens were also built with only control composites. The specimen color was measured against white and black backgrounds with a spectrophotometer (CIELAB system). The whiteness index for dentistry (WID) was calculated for simple specimens. Differences (ΔE00) in color and translucency parameters (ΔTP00) between the simple/dual specimens and the controls were calculated. The translucency adjustment potential (TAP) and color adjustment potential (CAP) were estimated based on the ratios between data from simple and dual specimens. The Vittra APS Unique composite showed higher WID values than the controls. No differences between ΔTP00_SIMPLE and ΔTP00_DUAL were observed for any of the shades. The composite shade did not affect TAP values. The lowest values of ΔE00_SIMPLE and ΔE00_DUAL were observed for shade A1 regardless of the background color. For the white background, ΔE00_SIMPLE values did not differ from those of ΔE00_DUAL for all shades. Only A1 showed ΔE00_DUAL values lower than ΔE00_SIMPLE when the black background was used. The highest modulus of CAP (negative values for the white background) was observed when shade A1 surrounded the Vittra APS Unique composite. The color blending ability of the single-shade resin composite used in a thin layer was affected by both the surrounding shade and background color.

19.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225042, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1354728

RESUMO

Aim: Although bulk fill composites have been widely used as restorative material, there is no consensus regarding the best clinical protocol in terms of composite technique and adhesive system. Therefore, this clinical trial evaluated the clinical performance of bulk fill composites for class I restorations under different protocols. Methods: A randomized clinical trial including 155 class I restorations was conducted using different adhesive systems: conventional technique (phosphoric acid + conventional three-step adhesive system) (Group 1, 2 and 3); or self-etching adhesive system (Groups 4, 5 and 6). Control groups 1 and 4 were restored with conventional composite; groups 2 and 5 with low viscosity bulk fill and conventional composite as occlusal coverage; groups 3 and 6 with high viscosity bulk fill. The FDI criteria was used for clinical evaluation at baseline and after 6 months. Results: All groups showed good clinical performance. At baseline, the adhesive system did not affect postoperative hypersensitivity. After 6 months, group 5 showed a significant reduction in color and translucency; group 6 a reduction in terms of anatomical form and for postoperative sensitivity and an improvement in patient satisfaction (p<0.05). Considering the same restorative technique, the use of the self-etching adhesive system showed a significant decrease in color and translucency (p<0.05). Conclusion: All groups showed favorable clinical performance, and promising results were found for the conventional adhesive system and high viscosity bulk fill protocol


Assuntos
Ácidos Fosfóricos , Adesivos , Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Estética Dentária , Estudos Clínicos como Assunto
20.
Rev. Bras. Odontol. Leg. RBOL ; 9(3): 02-13, 2022-12-30.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1524846

RESUMO

A crescente busca pelo fator estético por meio de procedimentos odontológicos, junto ao impacto das redes sociais na atuação do profissional e no processo de tomada de decisão do paciente, provoca questionamentos sobre a conduta ética e legal do cirurgião-dentista. Dessa maneira, o objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar os aspectos éticos e legais relacionados à conduta profissional na abordagem e proposta de tratamento odontológico com facetas estéticas e lentes de contato dental divulgados por meio da ferramenta digital YouTube®. O estudo foi realizado em duas etapas: a primeira, a partir da análise de 10 vídeos de relatos de caso de pacientes que realizaram tratamento com facetas estéticas e lentes de contato dental, e, na segunda etapa, foram analisados 10 vídeos com o tema relacionado à apresentação que os cirurgiões-dentistas (CD) fazem sobre os tratamentos estéticos. Em estudo quantitativo-qualitativo, procedeu-se a análise das percepções do profissional (que oferta serviços) e do paciente (consumidor), confrontadas em seu conteúdo, tendo como referência aspectos éticos e legais vigentes. Como resultado, tem-se que nos vídeos de CD, 3 (30%) não abordam limitações e riscos, e nenhum trata sobre Termo de Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido (TCLE) e contrato. Apesar disto, nos vídeos de pacientes foram observadas poucas reclamações sobre as informações prestadas (10%) e nenhuma menção a processos. Logo, percebe-se, a partir deste estudo, que, os vídeos analisados frequentemente ferem normas éticas e legais da categoria profissional, sendo de realização arriscada, ainda que aparentemente os pacientes não estejam queixando-se de prática abusiva, os conselhos profissionais podem agir de ofício e instaurar processos éticos contra os profissionais


The crescent search for the aesthetic factor through dental procedures, coupled with the impact of social media on professional activities and the patient's decision making process, raises questions about the dentists ethical and legal conduct. The objective of this study was analyzing the ethical and legal aspects related to the professional's conduct in their approach and proposal of dental treatment with aesthetic dental facets and contact lenses in the digital means of YouTube®. The study was performed in two stages: the first one through the analysis of 10 YouTube® videos, related to case studies from the perspective of patients who had been subject to treatment with aesthetic dental facets and contact lenses; and the second stage analyzing 10 videos related to how dentists present the aesthetic treatments through this media. In a quantitative-qualitative study the two perspectives were analyzed, the professional as treatment offered and the patient as consumer, confronted through their content, referring back to current ethical and legal aspects, observed or disregarded, and the implied risks to the professional, serving as reading reference to critical, alert, competent and responsible practice. The results show that, in the dentists videos, 3 of them (30%) do not tackle the limitations and risks, and none mention informed consent forms (ICF). Despite this, the patient videos show few complaints about the information given beforehand (10%) and no mention of lawsuits. Therefore it is noted through this study that, although publicity in health services has its risks, the professionals apparently are not incurring in abusive practices

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