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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0155, 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394830

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction: China's covid-19 epidemic is under control. Universities and schools across the country have resumed physical education classes, but the mental health knowledge of college students in the aftermath of the covid-19 outbreak has not been investigated. Objective: To study college students' mental health and sports-related habits after the covid-19 outbreak. Methods: This study comprehensively used literature materials, expert interviews, mathematical statistics, and other methods to study the sports-related attitudes and health awareness of college students before and after the outbreak of the new epidemic, examining the health knowledge domain of college students. Results: In the survey dimensions related to students' sports knowledge, the highest mean score was for "emotional control" at 3.48, followed by "participation motivation" at 3.41 and "participation attitude" at 3.35. The scores of sports participation attitude, motivation, and sports emotion for males were equal and higher than in females, where the measures of emotional factors and motivation to participate reached significant levels. After the epidemic, the mean scores for students' participation attitude, sports emotion, and motivation to participate in sports exceeded the theoretical mean. Conclusion: After the health awareness and prevention work in the community and school network, university students' sports attitudes and awareness improved significantly compared to before the Covid-19 outbreak. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: A epidemia de covid-19 em China encontra-se sob controle. Faculdades, escolas primárias e secundárias em todo o país retomaram as aulas de educação física, porém o conhecimento sobre a saúde mental dos estudantes universitários no estágio posterior do surto da Covid-19 não foi investigado. Objetivo: Estudar a saúde mental e os hábitos relacionados ao esporte nos universitários depois da epidemia da Covid-19. Métodos: Este estudo utilizou de forma abrangente materiais de literatura, entrevistas de especialistas, estatísticas matemáticas e outros métodos para estudar especificamente as atitudes relacionadas ao esporte e a conscientização na saúde dos estudantes universitários antes e depois do surto da nova epidemia, examinando o domínio do conhecimento em saúde dos estudantes universitários. Resultados: Nas dimensões da pesquisa relacionadas ao conhecimento esportivo dos alunos, a maior pontuação média foi de "controle emocional" como 3,48, seguida por "motivação de participação" como 3,41 e "atitude participativa" como 3,35. As pontuações de atitude de participação esportiva, motivação e emoção esportiva para os homens foram iguais e maior do que nas mulheres, onde as medidas de fator emocional e motivação para participar atingiram níveis significativos. Após a epidemia, as médias de atitude de participação dos alunos, emoção esportiva e motivação para participar do esporte superaram a média teórica. Conclusão: Após o trabalho de conscientização em saúde e prevenção, na rede comunitária e escolar, a atitude esportiva e a conscientização dos universitários foram significativamente aprimoradas em relação aos antecedentes ao surto de Covid-19. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: La epidemia de covid-19 en China está bajo control. Los colegios y las escuelas primarias y secundarias de todo el país han reanudado las clases de educación física, pero no se ha investigado el conocimiento sobre la salud mental de los estudiantes universitarios en la última etapa del brote de covid-19. Objetivo: Estudiar la salud mental y los hábitos relacionados con el deporte en los estudiantes universitarios tras el brote de covid-19. Métodos: Este estudio utilizó de forma exhaustiva materiales bibliográficos, entrevistas a expertos, estadísticas matemáticas y otros métodos para estudiar específicamente las actitudes relacionadas con el deporte y el conocimiento de la salud de los estudiantes universitarios antes y después del estallido de la nueva epidemia, examinando el dominio del conocimiento de la salud de los estudiantes universitarios. Resultados: En las dimensiones de la encuesta relacionadas con los conocimientos deportivos de los estudiantes, la puntuación media más alta correspondió al "control emocional" con un 3,48, seguido de la "motivación para la participación" con un 3,41 y la "actitud para la participación" con un 3,35. Las puntuaciones de la actitud de participación deportiva, la motivación y la emoción deportiva de los varones fueron iguales y superiores a las de las mujeres, donde las medidas del factor emocional y la motivación para participar alcanzaron niveles significativos. Después de la epidemia, las puntuaciones medias de la actitud de participación, la emoción deportiva y la motivación para participar en el deporte de los alumnos superaron la media teórica. Conclusión: Tras el trabajo de concienciación y prevención sanitaria en la comunidad y la red escolar, la actitud y la conciencia deportiva de los estudiantes universitarios mejoraron significativamente en comparación con las anteriores al brote de Covid-19. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Esportes , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Estilo de Vida Saudável , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , COVID-19/psicologia
2.
Referência ; serVI(1): e21066, dez. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1387095

RESUMO

Resumo Enquadramento: Literacia digital em saúde é a capacidade de procurar, encontrar, entender e avaliar informações sobre saúde em fontes eletrónicas para a resolução de problemas de saúde. Objetivo: Adaptar transculturalmente a versão portuguesa da eHealth Literacy Scale e analisar as evidências de validade psicométricas da versão brasileira. Metodologia: Análise do conteúdo foi realizada pelo coeficiente de validação de conteúdo e o constructo por análise fatorial exploratória e confirmatória, e medidas de confiabilidade. A validade convergente foi obtida pela variância média extraída e validade concorrente pelo coeficiente de Pearson. Resultados: Obteve-se coeficiente de validação de conteúdo de 0,86, alfa de Cronbach de 0,90 e índices aceitáveis para validade de constructo. As cargas fatoriais indicaram valores adequados entre 0,65 e 0,88 para modelo unidimensional. Conclusão: A versão brasileira apresenta confiabilidade e validade consistentes para auxiliar estudos de literacia digital em saúde de utilizadores das redes sociais digitais no Brasil. Contudo, deve ter-se em consideração a limitação deste estudo, uma vez que a amostra populacional apresentou escolaridade e rendimentos superiores à média brasileira.


Abstract Background: Digital health literacy is the ability to seek, find, understand, and appraise health information from electronic sources to solve health problems. Objective: To cross-culturally adapt the European Portuguese version of the eHealth Literacy Scale and analyze the evidence on the psychometric validity of the Brazilian Portuguese version. Methodology: Content validity was assessed using the content validity coefficient, and construct validity was examined using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis and reliability measures. Convergent validity was analyzed using the extracted average variance, and concurrent validity was analyzed using Pearson's correlation coefficient. Results: A content validity coefficient of 0.86, a Cronbach's alpha value of 0.90, and an acceptable construct validity were obtained. Factor loadings indicated adequate values, ranging from 0.65 to 0.88 for a one-dimensional model. Conclusion: The Brazilian Portuguese version has consistent reliability and validity to inform studies on the digital health literacy of users of digital social networks in Brazil. However, a limitation of this study was that the sample had a higher level of education and income than the average population in Brazil.


Resumen Marco contextual: La alfabetización digital en la salud es la capacidad de buscar, encontrar, comprender y evaluar la información sanitaria procedente de fuentes electrónicas para resolver problemas de salud. Objetivo: Adaptar transculturalmente la versión portuguesa de la eHealth Literacy Scale y analizar las evidencias de validez psicométricas de la versión brasileña. Metodología: Análisis de contenido realizado mediante el coeficiente de validación de contenido y constructo mediante el análisis factorial exploratorio y confirmatorio, y medidas de fiabilidad. La validez convergente se obtuvo mediante la varianza media extraída y la validez concurrente mediante el coeficiente de Pearson. Resultados: Se obtuvo un coeficiente de validación de contenido de 0,86, un alfa de Cronbach de 0,90 e índices aceptables de validez de constructo. Las cargas factoriales indicaron valores adecuados entre 0,65 y 0,88 para el modelo unidimensional. Conclusión: La versión brasileña muestra una fiabilidad y validez consistentes para apoyar los estudios sobre la alfabetización digital en la salud entre los usuarios de las redes sociales digitales en Brasil. Sin embargo, hay que tener en cuenta la limitación de este estudio, ya que la muestra de población tenía una educación y unos ingresos superiores a la media brasileña.

3.
Referência ; serVI(1): e21052, dez. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1387109

RESUMO

Resumo Enquadramento: Os sobreviventes de cancro representam um grande desafio para os sistemas de saúde, pela escassez de planos assistenciais a estas pessoas. Objetivo: Validar a estrutura e o conteúdo de uma intervenção educacional em enfermagem (intervenção complexa) para promover a adaptação dos sobreviventes de cancro. Metodologia: Utilizou-se a técnica e-Delphi modificada, ao longo de três rondas, através de questionários online. Resultados: Um conjunto de 27 peritos validaram a inclusão de 33 itens relativos à estrutura e 177 itens relativos ao conteúdo. A intervenção educacional deve ser realizada ao longo de cinco a oito sessões, individualmente, com a possibilidade de integrar um familiar significativo, e de dinâmicas de grupo, integrando os quatro domínios propostos: Adaptação, Atitude/Coping, Emoção/Ansiedade e Recursos. Conclusão: O consenso alcançado é essencial para evidenciar o papel dos enfermeiros nesta fase da doença oncológica e para viabilizar a avaliação da eficácia da intervenção educacional em desenvolvimento.


Abstract Background: Cancer survivors represent a major challenge for health systems due to the lack of care plans for these patients. Objective: To validate the structure and content of an educational nursing intervention (complex intervention) to promote the adaptation of cancer survivors. Methodology: The modified e-Delphi technique consisted of three rounds of online questionnaires. Results: A group of 27 experts validated the inclusion of 33 items related to the structure and 177 items related to the content. The educational intervention should consist of five to eight individual (with the possibility of including a significant family member) and group sessions and focus on the four domains proposed: Adaptation, Attitude/Coping, Emotion/Anxiety, and Resources. Conclusion: The consensus reached is essential to highlight nurses' role in this stage of cancer and assess the effectiveness of this educational intervention.


Resumen Marco contextual: Los supervivientes de cáncer representan un gran reto para los sistemas sanitarios, debido a la escasez de planes de atención para estas personas. Objetivo: Validar la estructura y el contenido de una intervención educativa de enfermería (intervención compleja) para promover la adaptación de los supervivientes de cáncer. Metodología: Se utilizó la técnica e-Delphi modificada, a lo largo de tres rondas, mediante cuestionarios en línea. Resultados: Un conjunto de 27 expertos validó la inclusión de 33 ítems relacionados con la estructura y 177 ítems relacionados con el contenido. La intervención educativa debe realizarse a lo largo de cinco a ocho sesiones, de forma individual, con la posibilidad de incluir a un familiar significativo y en dinámicas de grupo, integrando los cuatro dominios propuestos: Adaptación, Actitud/Coping, Emoción/Ansiedad y Recursos. Conclusión: El consenso alcanzado es esencial para destacar el papel de los enfermeros en esta fase del cáncer y para permitir la evaluación de la eficacia de la intervención educativa que se está desarrollando.

4.
Anesth Pain Med (Seoul) ; 17(4): 429-433, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36317436

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: YouTube, the largest online video platform, has become increasingly popular as a source of health information to patients. The aim of the study was to assess whether Korean patients were well informed about spinal injection from YouTube. METHODS: Search for the keyword "cheog-chu ju-sa" in Korean language was done, and the quality of the 51 videos with the highest number of views was evaluated independently by two pain management doctors. RESULTS: The averages of global quality scores evaluated by the two doctors were 3.0 and 3.5 and modified DISCERN (mDISCERN) scores were 2.8 and 3.0, respectively. The Kappa statistic between the two doctors' scores was 0.285 and 0.417. CONCLUSIONS: The percentage of low-quality videos with a global quality score of 2 or less is 18-36%, which indicated that these videos might provide inaccurate or misleading medical information to the patient. Pain clinic doctors should be wary of medically misleading information available on online platforms, such as YouTube, and strive to create and distribute professional quality educational materials.

5.
J Educ Health Promot ; 11: 262, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36325224

RESUMO

Health education is a crucial consideration in the healthcare system and has the potential to improve global health. Recently, researchers have expressed interest in streamlining health education, utilizing digital tools and flexible curriculums to make it more accessible, and expanding beyond disease and substance abuse prevention. They have also expressed interest in promoting global health through health and safety promotion programs. Amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, climate change, the refugee crisis, and overpopulation, healthcare crises are erupting all over the world. A lack of health education has and will continue to have a profound impact on community healthcare indicators, particularly in low-income nations. Current priorities within the health education sector include digitization, equity, and infectious disease prevention. Studies and data from university journals and other academic databases were analyzed in a literature review. Health education programs have a significant positive impact on attitudes and behaviors regarding global health. Improving upon these programs by digitizing them and expanding upon the scope of health education will help ensure that such interventions and programs make a significant difference.

6.
Australas J Ageing ; 2022 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36334062

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Studies of dementia knowledge (including dementia risk reduction) in health-care trainees highlight varying levels of understanding across countries and disciplines. This draws attention to the need for a well-trained health workforce with the knowledge to champion and implement such strategies. This study (a) assessed dementia knowledge and health literacy among a sample of Australian health-care students, (b) identified modality preferences of digital health interventions addressing dementia prevention and (c) examined potential relationships among health literacy, dementia knowledge, dementia prevention knowledge and a student's preferences for different digital health modalities. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey assessed dementia knowledge and health literacy in 727 health students across 16 Australian universities representing both metropolitan and regional cohorts. The All Aspects of Health Literacy Scale and the Dementia Knowledge Assessment Scale were administered. Questions about the perceived effectiveness of strategies and preferred digital health modalities for dementia prevention/risk reduction were asked. RESULTS: The students had relatively high health literacy scores. However, dementia knowledge and evidence-based dementia prevention knowledge were average. Only 7% claimed knowledge of available dementia-related digital health interventions. Associations among health literacy, dementia knowledge and dementia prevention, with recommendations for different digital modalities, are presented. CONCLUSIONS: Health-related degrees need to increase dementia knowledge, health literacy and knowledge of effective dementia-related digital health interventions. It is imperative to equip the future health workforce amid an ageing population with increased dementia rates and where evidence-based digital health interventions will increasingly be a source of support.

7.
Health Promot Int ; 37(6)2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36367422

RESUMO

Health literacy is a critical asset for adolescents to develop given its positive impact on health outcomes. The few studies that have targeted teacher knowledge and attitudes show that teachers themselves find it difficult to: navigate the multi-modal nature of health information; critically evaluate the different modes and texts; and apply health-related information in a variety of contexts. This research study aimed to address this issue through developing and implementing a teacher professional development (PD) programme for three Australian secondary schools and nine Health and Physical Education (HPE) teachers to improve health literacy, particularly critical health literacy, content and pedagogies embedded in current HPE programmes. Fifteen HPE programmes were analysed using Nutbeam's health literacy hierarchy and the Australian Curriculum: HPE outcomes and content, with this analysis informing a personalized PD programme. To evaluate how teachers experienced the personalized PD programme, interviews conducted at the completion of the PD programme were analysed using Braun and Clarke's thematic approach. According to the teachers, the PD had improved their knowledge and understanding of the three levels of HL, including how to implement it into their practice. The personalized nature was a key strength of the PD programme as it allowed for changes to be made in a time-efficient manner, a known challenge for teachers. Teachers recommended the provision of additional resources that foster students' critical health literacy levels and an additional session to ensure sustainable changes in planning and teaching practices.


Assuntos
Letramento em Saúde , Educação Física e Treinamento , Adolescente , Humanos , Professores Escolares , Austrália , Estudantes
8.
Br J Nurs ; 31(20): 1046-1050, 2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36370407

RESUMO

As the COVID-19 pandemic enveloped the globe there was a parallel increase in the incidence of domestic abuse (DA). This has been ascribed to the restrictions in movement and growing tensions during lockdown periods. The Domestic Abuse Act covering England and Wales was about to be passed prior to the COVID-19 outbreak, but progress halted as attention focused on managing infection control and treatment nationally. The unfolding DA 'shadow pandemic' led to pressure groups lobbying for specific changes to the Act which, in its revised form, became law in April 2021. This article sets out the changes in definition, statutory response and prevention of DA and relates these to nursing practice. Health education and promotion theory is considered and linked to nursing practice with those who are both victims/survivors and perpetrators of DA.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Violência Doméstica , Humanos , País de Gales/epidemiologia , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Inglaterra/epidemiologia
9.
Educ Inf Technol (Dordr) ; : 1-32, 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36373044

RESUMO

Digital gaming has broad appeal globally, with a reported 2.7 billion gamers worldwide. There is significant interest in using games to enhance learning, with 'serious games' being included in classrooms to engage adolescents' learning across a range of domains. A systematic scoping review of serious games used for health promotion with adolescents was conducted to identify serious games, review the methods used to evaluate these games, and outline evidence available to support the efficacy of these games in improving knowledge, beliefs/attitudes and behaviours in the target groups. Player engagement/enjoyment was reported if assessed. A total of 21 studies were found to have met the inclusion criteria domains: 'healthy lifestyle' 'sexual health' and 'substance use'. A heterogenous approach across studies to game design and development, duration of game play, use of a control group and measurement of outcome(s) was observed. Game efficacy was difficult to assess due to broad generalisations and lack of consistent evaluation methods. Several studies demonstrate serious games can be engaging and pedagogically effective as a learning device and behaviour-change agent. Several studies, however, had less rigorous evaluation and lacked longer-term follow up. The ability for developers to demonstrate positive short- and long-term impacts of serious games with high-quality evidence is essential to the ongoing acceptance and use of these serious games as part of the school curriculum.

10.
Clin Transplant ; : e14838, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36377285

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Referral for kidney transplantation is influenced by patient education; digital technologies can enhance broad information accessibility. This single-group study tested the feasibility and acceptability of patient-centered self-directed educational animated videos to improve mediators of kidney transplant referral. METHODS: Community-based adults with chronic kidney disease stage ≥4 invited from a clinical registry viewed eight sequential videos (19:36 min total duration) remotely on their own device. Change in kidney transplant knowledge, concerns, and confidence talking about kidney transplantation to doctors was assessed with self-report surveys before and immediately after viewing. Program feedback was assessed by survey and self-selected exit interview. RESULTS: Viewers of the video set (n = 50) demonstrated increases in mean kidney transplantation knowledge by +22%, confidence discussing with their doctor by +6%, and reductions in concerns by -2%. Knowledge results were consistent across age, race, and literacy level. Over 90% indicated positive ratings on understanding, engaging, and helpfulness. In post-study interviews viewers indicated the videos promoted confidence in obtaining a kidney transplant and none reported that the 19-min duration of the home education was too long. CONCLUSION: The animated video education is promising to improve diverse individuals' knowledge, concerns, and communication confidence about kidney transplantation and is highly acceptable. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

11.
Public Health Nurs ; 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36377302

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In response to a surge of drug overdoses involving polysubstance use among Atlanta service industry workers that resulted in the deaths of five people in the Atlanta area in the summer of 2021, a local community of harm reductionists and nurses organized opioid education and naloxone distribution (OEND) training sessions specifically customized for service industry workers in Atlanta. After the sessions, the nurses and harm reductionists asked attendants to participate in a study concerning their response to overdoses. The reason nurses and harm reductionists conducted the study was to determine the efficacy of OEND training adapted for those working in the service industries as well as to evaluate and possibly modify the training sessions for future use. This pre-post study examined if and how participants' knowledge and attitudes toward an opioid-involved overdose changed after engaging with the OEND training. If the study determined that the sessions were successful in teaching service industry workers how to mitigate the immediate and devastating effects of overdose, we recommend expanding and implementing both adaptable training sessions like the OEND training referenced, as well as accompanying studies to improve the training sessions' effectiveness. DESIGN: The pre-post study used convenience sampling to recruit participants in emergent OEND training. Participants completed an abbreviated version the Opioid Overdose Attitudes Scale (OOAS) which measured how, and to what degree, they changed their attitudes towards overdoses and their responses to them. Participants also completed an abbreviated version of the Opioid Overdose Knowledge Scale (OOKS) which measured how effectively the OEND increased their knowledge when it came to properly responding to an overdose, which included implementing naloxone as part of immediate rehabilitation treatment. Paired nonparametric tests assessed changes in participants' OOAS/OOKS scores. RESULTS: A total of 161 individuals attended, and 72 consented to be in the study. The sample predominately consisted of white (76.4%) and female (66.7%) adults whose age averaged 34.3 years. Attitude and knowledge score improvements were statistically significant: approximately 11 points (p < .001) and 3 points (p < .001), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This rapidly implemented training was associated with improving attitudes and knowledge about responding to an opioid-involved overdose. We recommend expanding the scope of studies like these in order to develop and examine effective, dynamic, and targeted OEND training tailored towards specific community groups and situations, such as polysubstance overdose among service industry workers. As the opioid epidemic worsens, it is critical to equip community members themselves with the skills and tools to recognize and respond to opioid overdoses as a frontline prevention to overdose deaths.

12.
Inj Prev ; 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368911

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The previous study has shown the impact of paternal involvement in childcare on unintentional childhood injury; yet the causality is unknown. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the intervention of an educational video on paternal involvement in childcare can prevent unintentional injury among young children. METHODS: A randomised controlled trial of parents of children born at two obstetrics wards in Japan (n=451, intervention group: 223, control group: 228) was conducted. Parents in the intervention group watched an educational video that promote paternal involvement in childcare, while parents in the control group watched an educational video on the prevention of shaken baby syndrome. The participants were followed for up to 18 months after the birth of their child. The primary outcome of this study was unintentional injury at 3, 6, 12 and 18 months. The secondary outcome was paternal involvement in childcare based on maternal observation. Unintentional injury-free rates over time were assessed using the Cox proportional hazard model. RESULTS: Children in the intervention group were less likely to have unintentional injury, such as burn (HR: 0.29 (95% CI: 0.09 to 0.87)) and caught by a door (HR: 0.66 (95% CI: 0.48 to 0.91)) compared with the control group. Fathers in the intervention group showed higher frequency of taking their children for a walk (coefficient: 0.19 (95% CI: 0.05 to 0.32)). CONCLUSIONS: Educational videos promoting paternal involvement in childcare is effective to prevent unintentional childhood injury.

13.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1021125, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36353273

RESUMO

Introduction: Medical trainees are front-line workers in our worsening climate and health crisis. A movement is underway to teach medical students essential climate change and health content. Few evaluations of climate and health curricula exist to support ongoing curricular development, innovation, and improvement. This study explores student perspectives on climate change and health content and delivery post-implementation of a climate change and health curriculum that was co-created by students and faculty and integrated across 16 months of pre-clinical coursework at Emory University School of Medicine. Methods: The authors conducted focus groups with the inaugural cohort of students to receive the climate and health education content at the conclusion of their preclinical curriculum. The focus groups elicited student perspectives across four domains: (i) prior perceptions of climate change and health, (ii) current attitudes about climate change and health, (iii) reflections on the existing curriculum, and (iv) opportunities for the curriculum. In this qualitative evaluation, the authors coded focus group transcripts using an inductive content analysis approach. Results: Out of 137 eligible students in the cohort, 13 (9.5%) participated in the focus groups. Implementation strategies that students valued included contextualization and integration of climate content within existing topics and student representation through the co-creation process. Students recommended bolstering small group sessions and case-based learning to build relevant history and physical examination skills as well as creating interprofessional and community-based opportunities. Discussion: This evaluation offers in-depth student perspectives of our climate and health curriculum. Opportunities exist to synergize climate and health education with broader transformations in medicine toward health promotion and sustainable, climate-ready healthcare. From the input of focus groups, the authors derive a framework for strengthening and extending curricular content.


Assuntos
Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Mudança Climática , Currículo , Universidades , Grupos Focais
14.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1009454, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36353278

RESUMO

Due to the constraints of the rural-urban household registration systems, the migrants of China currently receive varying degrees of medical services. The fact that many migrants choose to return to their hometowns due to the inequality in medical care has been a social phenomenon. Using data from the 2017 China Migrant Dynamic Survey (CMDS), this paper explores the effect of medical services on population migration. Probit regression analysis method was utilized to examine the relationship between medical service level (MSL) and medical service improvement (MSI) and return behavior (RB), as well as the interaction effect between MSL and MSI, and the moderating effect of health status (HS) and health education (HE). Multiple heterogeneity tests were performed. Grouping regressions were conducted using rural household registration (RHR), grouping regressions were conducted using new rural cooperative medical system (NRCMS), and multinomial Probit regressions were conducted using migration distance and age factors. The following findings were obtained. First, when MSL is low but MSI is high in the locality of household registration, the return probability of migrants will increase. MSL also has a positive interaction effect with MSI, and they jointly increase the return probability of migrants; Second, HS and HE have a positive moderating effect on the relationships between MSL and RB and between MSI and RB; Third, heterogeneity analysis indicates that the migrants with RHR or the migrants not covered by the NRCMS are more prone to return due to the reason of medical service. In addition, the analysis also shows that middle-aged and older people who return across provinces have the highest tendency to return due to medical services and young people have the lowest propensity to return across and within provinces. The study could help local governments change their public medical care policies and close the gap between medical services in different areas. As a result, it is necessary to understand population migration trends and promote New Urbanization Strategies.


Assuntos
Migrantes , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Humanos , Idoso , Adolescente , China/epidemiologia , População Rural , Inquéritos e Questionários , Nível de Saúde
15.
BMC Prim Care ; 23(1): 282, 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36371180

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of intensive family-centered health education on the awareness rate, diagnosis, and treatment of post-stroke depression (PSD) in community families. METHODS: Elderly patients (60-90 years) from 20 community service centers affiliated with the Department of Neurology and the Medical Association of Tongling Municipal Hospital who had been diagnosed with stroke between January 2017 and June 2020 were screened using the hospital and community electronic medical record system. In this randomized cluster trial, 119 patients from 10 communities were assigned as the control group and received routine community treatment, while 126 patients from the other 10 communities were assigned as the experimental group and received routine treatment plus family-centered intensive health education. After 12 months of medical intervention, the assessment of PSD in the two groups was performed by a neurologist and a psychiatrist, both blind to the study design, using the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression. RESULTS: The awareness rates of the causes, clinical manifestations, treatment plan, and family care of PSD in the experimental group were 88.89, 91.30, 93.65, and 92.06%, respectively. In the control group, the awareness rates of these parameters were 72.27, 69.75, 71.43, and 65.55%, respectively, and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant (P < 0.05). In the experimental group, the rates of PSD diagnosis, prompt medical attendance, drug treatment compliance, and psychotherapeutic treatment compliance were 27.78, 22.22, 18.25, and 11.90%, respectively. In the control group, the rates of these parameters were 13.79, 6.03, 3.48, and 1.72%, respectively, and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Intensive family-centered health education can improve the level of knowledge of PSD in the community, promote the timely treatment and diagnosis of PSD in patients, and improve the compliance rates of drug therapy and psychotherapy, so this is worthy of promotion.


Assuntos
Depressão , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Idoso , Depressão/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Educação em Saúde
16.
Curr HIV/AIDS Rep ; 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36350470

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Evidence from clinical trials identified the effectiveness of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) as an additional strategy to reduce the risk of HIV transmission from women to men. However, concerns about post-circumcision sexual risk compensation may hinder the scale-up of VMMC programs. We reviewed the evidence of changes in risky sexual behaviors after circumcision, including condomless sex, multiple sex partners, and early resumption of sex after surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Most clinical trial data indicate that condomless sex and multiple partners did not increase for men after circumcision, and early resumption of sex is rare. Only one post-trial surveillance reports that some circumcised men had more sex partners after surgery, but this did not offset the effect of VMMC. Conversely, qualitative studies report that a small number of circumcised men had increased risky sexual behaviors, and community-based research reports that more men resumed sex early after surgery. With the large-scale promotion and expansion of VMMC services, it may be challenging to maintain effective sexual health educations due to various restrictions. Misunderstandings of the effect of VMMC in preventing HIV infection are the main reason for increasing risky sexual behaviors after surgery. Systematic and practical sexual health counseling services should be in place on an ongoing basis to maximize the effect of VMMC.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36350567

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine if the Conexion digital localized health information resource about diabetes and depression could increase patient activation among Hispanic low-income adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A nonblinded randomized controlled trial was conducted (NCT03984929). Participants at least 18 years old living in Washington Heights/Inwood, New York, were recruited from the community between July 2019 and August 2020 and randomized 1:1 to either the intervention group (localization of MedlinePlus resources customized with community components) or the control group (no localized community components). The primary outcome, patient activation, and secondary outcomes, knowledge, self-efficacy, and behavior change, were collected through surveys at 1-month follow-up. RESULTS: Of the 134 participants recruited, 50.7% (n = 68) completed the 1-month follow-up. We found no statistically significant differences in the sociodemographic and baseline characteristics between those who missed the 1-month survey and those who completed it. No significant differences were observed in patient activation at 1-month. However, patient activation among all participants (n = 68) significantly increased (P = .048). Statistically significant improvements were also found in self-efficacy (P < .03). In multivariate analysis, birth country outside the United States and higher self-rated attachment to the community emerged as significant predictors of higher patient activation scores. DISCUSSION: While the trial did not detect significant differences between groups, all participants demonstrated increased patient activation scores and improved secondary outcomes. While other factors may have contributed to this increase, our study suggests that access to carefully selected high-quality health information materials delivered digitally in the context of a community may result in improvements comparable to localized content in a hard-to-reach urban Hispanic population. CONCLUSIONS: Our study highlights the potential of making carefully selected digital information accessible to hard-to-reach communities.

18.
LGBT Health ; 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36350692

RESUMO

Purpose: Inadequate medical training in lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex, asexual, and sexually and gender diverse (LGBTQIA+) health care contributes to health disparities. This article reports on a novel 4-week elective course at Harvard Medical School that prepares students to become physician-leaders in LGBTQIA+ health care. Methods: The course engages students in multidisciplinary clinical placements, self-directed learning, and mentored scholarly projects, all specifically relevant to LGBTQIA+ health. The authors qualitatively reviewed student experiences, and quantitatively analyzed course evaluations. Results: Between 2016 and 2022, 30 students completed the course, and 12 scholarly projects resulted in a published peer-reviewed article authored by the student. Students who completed evaluations rated the course as excellent and reported increased interest and core knowledge in LGBTQIA+ health care. Conclusion: This novel program has demonstrated feasibility and may serve as a model for establishing other advanced medical student clinical and scholarly electives on LGBTQIA+ health care.

19.
Nurs Open ; 2022 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36336777

RESUMO

AIMS: The aims of this study were to map the components of the simulation design in health and nursing and to propose a classification based on their definitions to support the planning of simulation-based experiences. DESIGN: Scoping review. METHOD: Searches were performed in the databases LILACS, Embase, MEDLINE/PubMed, SCOPUS, Web of Science, Google Scholar and ProQuest Thesis and Dissertation were performed, without time limitation, to identify studies about simulation design. RESULTS: This study mapped 19 components of the simulation design found in 26 studies included, which can contribute to the development of simulation-based experiences, classified into structural, methodological and theoretical-pedagogical components. The simulation design can be described according to its fundamental components: structural-define the basic formulation of a simulation in terms of infrastructure and conceptual framework; methodological-define the participants, roles and the instruction format; and theoretical-pedagogical-define the educational references used to support the simulation strategy.

20.
JMIR Form Res ; 6(11): e38780, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36394943

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Public health programs are tasked with educating the community on health topics, but it is unclear whether these programs are acceptable to learners. Currently, these programs are delivered via a variety of platforms including in-person, virtually, and over the telephone. Sickle cell trait (SCT) education for parents of children with this trait is one of many education programs provided by the Ohio Department of Health. The novel SCTaware videoconference education program was developed by a research team after central Ohio's standard program transitioned from in-person to telephone-only education during the COVID-19 pandemic. OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were to investigate the acceptability of the format and engagement with the SCTaware education and assess parental worry about having a child with SCT before and after receiving SCTaware. METHODS: This was a single-center, prospective study of English-speaking parents of children <3 years of age identified to have hemoglobin S trait by newborn screening. Parents who previously received SCT education by telephone, were able to be contacted, and had access to an electronic device capable of videoconferencing were eligible to complete surveys after receiving the virtual SCTaware education program. The SCTaware educator also completed a survey to assess participant engagement. Data were summarized descriptively and a McNemar test was used to compare parental worry before and after receiving SCTaware. RESULTS: In total, 55 participants completed follow-up surveys after receiving standard SCT telephone education and then completing SCTaware. Most (n=51) participants reported that the SCTaware content and visuals were very easy to understand (n=47) and facilitated conversation with the educator (n=42). All of them said the visuals were respectful and trustworthy, helped them understand content better, and that their questions were addressed. Nearly two-thirds (62%, n=34) reported that the pictures appeared very personal and applied to them. The educator noted most participants (n=45) were engaged and asked questions despite having to manage distractions during their education sessions. Many participants (n=33) reported some level of worry following telephone-only education; this was significantly reduced after receiving SCTaware (P<.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that SCTaware is acceptable and engaging to parents. While telephone education may make SCT education more accessible, these findings suggest that many parents experience significant worry about their child with SCT after these sessions. A study to evaluate SCTaware's effectiveness at closing parents' SCT knowledge gaps is ongoing.

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