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1.
Intensive Care Med ; 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38842731

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) with PaO2/FiO2 < 80 mmHg is a life-threatening condition. The optimal management strategy is unclear. The aim of this meta-analysis was to compare the effects of low tidal volumes (Vt), moderate Vt, prone ventilation, and venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) on mortality in severe ARDS. METHODS: We performed a frequentist network meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with participants who had severe ARDS and met eligibility criteria for VV-ECMO or had PaO2/FiO2 < 80 mmHg. We applied the Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology to discern the relative effect of interventions on mortality and the certainty of the evidence. RESULTS: Ten RCTs including 812 participants with severe ARDS were eligible. VV-ECMO reduces mortality compared to low Vt (risk ratio [RR] 0.77, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.59-0.99, moderate certainty) and compared to moderate Vt (RR 0.75, 95% CI 0.57-0.98, low certainty). Prone ventilation reduces mortality compared to moderate Vt (RR 0.78, 95% CI 0.66-0.93, high certainty) and compared to low Vt (RR 0.81, 95% CI 0.63-1.02, moderate certainty). We found no difference in the network comparison of VV-ECMO compared to prone ventilation (RR 0.95, 95% CI 0.72-1.26), but inferences were based solely on indirect comparisons with very low certainty due to very wide confidence intervals. CONCLUSIONS: In adults with ARDS and severe hypoxia, both VV-ECMO (low to moderate certainty evidence) and prone ventilation (moderate to high certainty evidence) improve mortality relative to low and moderate Vt strategies. The impact of VV-ECMO versus prone ventilation remains uncertain.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38857987

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: With increasing advances in neonatal transport, a focused research strategy is required to increase the evidence base towards providing optimal care. We aimed to identify the most important neonatal transport research questions as prioritised by parents and healthcare professionals (HCPs). DESIGN: Key stakeholders participated in a modified three-stage Delphi consensus process. Research questions were identified and submitted through two survey stages before the final priority setting workshop. PARTICIPANTS: Parents of babies who received neonatal care, neonatal HCPs and stakeholders. OUTCOME: Identify the top 10 research priorities for neonatal transport. RESULTS: Overall, 269 survey responses from HCPs/stakeholders (n=161) and parents (n=108) were analysed from two survey rounds. Consensus was reached on 22 of 43 research priorities for the final priority setting workshop. The agreed top research priorities covered the domains of: (1) Pain assessment and management, (2) Long-term neurological outcomes, (3) Impact of transfer on birth-related brain injury, (4) Investigating risk of transport, (5) Safety restraints for infants, (6) Optimal temperature management, (7) Respiratory management and outcomes, (8) Benchmarking of important of transport measures, (9) Understanding transport environmental exposures, (10) Mental health and burden of transfer on families. CONCLUSION: We have identified the top research questions for neonatal transport through an extensive process actively engaging parents, HCPs and key stakeholders. Targeted funding and research resources, directed towards addressing these prioritised research areas, will inform evidence-based practices and international frameworks specific to neonatal transport, helping minimise research waste and ultimately improve outcomes for these high-risk infants and their families.

4.
AACN Adv Crit Care ; 35(2): 157-167, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38848573

RESUMO

Palliative care is interdisciplinary care that addresses suffering and improves the quality of care for patients and families when patients are facing a life-threatening illness. Palliative care needs in the intensive care unit include communication regarding diagnosis and prognosis, goals-of-care conversations, multidimensional pain and symptom management, and end-of-life care that may include withdrawal of mechanical ventilation and life support. Registered nurses spend the greatest amount of time with patients and families who are facing death and serious illness, so nurses must be armed with adequate training, knowledge, and necessary tools to address patient and caregiver needs and deliver high-quality, patient-centered palliative care. Innovative approaches to integrating palliative care are important components of care for intensive care nurses. This article reviews 2 evidence-based practice projects, a serious illness support tool and the 3 Wishes Project, to add to the palliative care toolkit for registered nurses and other team members.


Assuntos
Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Cuidados Paliativos , Humanos , Enfermagem de Cuidados Críticos/normas , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/organização & administração , Assistência Terminal
5.
Chest ; 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38852880

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The 2023 international pediatric ventilator liberation clinical practice guidelines provided evidence-based recommendations to guide pediatric critical care providers on how to perform daily aspects of ventilator liberation. However, due to the lack of high-quality pediatric studies, most recommendations were conditional based on very low to low certainty of evidence. RESEARCH QUESTION: What are the research gaps related to pediatric ventilator liberation that can be studied to strengthen the evidence for future updates of the guidelines? STUDY DESIGN: and Methods: We conducted systematic reviews of the literature in 8 pre-defined PICO areas related to pediatric ventilator liberation to generate recommendations. Subgroups responsible for each PICO question subsequently identified major research gaps by synthesizing the literature. These gaps were presented at an international symposium at the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators (PALISI) meeting in Spring 2022 for open discussion, feedback was incorporated, and final evaluation of research gaps are summarized in this document. While randomized trials trials (RCTs) represent the highest level of evidence, the panel sought to highlight areas where alternative study designs may also be appropriate, given challenges with conducting large multi-center RCTs in children. RESULTS: Significant research gaps were identified in six broad areas related to pediatric ventilator liberation. Several of these areas necessitate multi-center RCTs to provide definitive results, while other gaps can be addressed with multi-center observational studies or quality improvement initiatives. Furthermore, there remains a need for some physiologic studies in several areas, particularly regarding newer diagnostic methods to improve identification of patients at high-risk of extubation failure. INTERPRETATION: While pediatric ventilator liberation guidelines have been created, the certainty of evidence remains low and there are multiple research gaps which should be filled through high quality RCTs, and multi-center observational studies and quality improvement initiatives.

6.
Cureus ; 16(4): e59424, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38826606

RESUMO

Introduction Sepsis poses a significant threat in Indian hospitals, with high mortality rates and complications. This study explores the correlation between serum albumin levels and sepsis outcomes in an intensive care unit (ICU) setting. The challenges of diagnosing tropical infections further complicate sepsis management in India. Methodology A longitudinal study was conducted at Vinayaka Mission's Kirupananda Variyar Medical College and Hospital, Salem, India. Adult patients admitted between July 2020 and March 2021 with sepsis were included. Serum albumin levels, demographic data, and clinical outcomes were analyzed. The study used a convenient sampling technique with a sample size of 102 patients. Results Among the 102 patients in the ICU, 22 have expired and the mortality rate in the study was 21.6%. Hypoalbuminemia was present in 56.9% (n = 58) of the patients. The mortality rate is higher among the sepsis patients with the occurrence of hypoalbuminemia (29.3%) compared to patients without hypoalbuminemia (11.4%) and the difference in proportion between the two groups was statistically significant (p-value = 0.029). The requirement of vasopressor support is higher among sepsis patients with the occurrence of hypoalbuminemia (56.9%) compared to patients without hypoalbuminemia (27.3%). The chi-square test reveals that the difference in proportion between the two groups was statistically significant (p-value = 0.005). No substantial impact on systemic inflammatory response scores, readmission to ICU, or progression to chronic illness was observed based on albumin levels. Conclusion This study underscores the predictive value of hypoalbuminemia in sepsis outcomes. Patients with decreased albumin levels showed higher mortality rates and increased vasopressor usage. While albumin levels did not significantly influence certain parameters, hypoalbuminemia may serve as an indicator of severity and adverse prognosis in sepsis, emphasizing the need for further research and tailored interventions.

7.
Front Psychiatry ; 15: 1280452, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38827442

RESUMO

Objective: To describe the return to work of patients with severe acute pancreatitis within 6 months after discharge, and to explore the influence of demographic, clinical, and psychosocial factors on their return to work. Research design: Prospective 6 months follow-up study. Setting: A third class hospital in Guizhou Province. Adult of severe acute pancreatitis(18-60years), with a job before admission, in the intensive care unit ≥ 24 h, were included. Main outcome measures: To study return to work and influencing factors one, three and six months severe acute pancreatitis patients discharge. several measurements were used, including General Health Questionnaire (Demographic, disease-related, job-related and health behavior data), Readiness for Return-To-Work Scale and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Results: Forty-three severe acute pancreatitis patients were included in our study, with mean age 41.53 years. Twenty-nine (67.44%) patients returned to work within 6 months, and fourteen patients did not return to work. The status of Readiness for Return-To-Work Scale: fourteen severe acute pancreatitis patients who did not return to work were mainly in the precontemplation dimension and prepared for action-self-evaluative dimension both 5 cases (35.71%), and the 29 patients who had returned to work were in the Proactive maintenance stage. The study showed that the independent risk factors for returning to work in SAP patients were chronic disease (OR, 0.095; 95% CI [0.011-0.822]; p=0.008), sepsis (OR, 0.071; 95% CI [0.015-0.339]; p=0.009), low education level (OR, 2.905; 95% CI [0.969-8.710]; p<0.001), and anxiety and depression at 6 months (OR, 1.418; 95% CI [0.996-2.019]; p=0.004). Conclusions: In conclusion, the return to work of patients with severe acute pancreatitis needs to be improved. Chronic diseases, sepsis, low level of education and higher degree of anxiety and depression at 6 months were important factors leading to their failure to return to work.

8.
Intensive Crit Care Nurs ; : 103725, 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824005

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify findings in the scientific literature relevant to the strategic lines proposed by the Humanising Intensive Care Project in the context of paediatric intensive care units. DESIGN: Narrative review. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in the databases PubMed, Scopus, CINHAL, and Cochrane Library. Specific indexing terms and search strategies adapted to each database were designed. The inclusion of publications was based on two criteria: 1) related to the paediatric intensive care unit and 2) addresses at least one of the topics related to the strategic lines of the Humanising Intensive Care Project. Study selection was carried out following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines and the quality of the included studies was assessed using the Mixed Method Appraisal tool. RESULTS: A total of 100 articles from 19 different countries were included, covering the period between 2019 and 2021. Nineteen different design types were identified. Thirty-two studies were cross-sectional observational studies, while 15 had an experimental approach. The articles were distributed among the seven strategic lines of the Humanising Intensive Care Project. CONCLUSIONS: Synthesising the knowledge related to humanisation in paediatric intensive care units will allow progress to be made in improving quality in these units. However, there is disparity in the amount of experimental research overall. IMPLICATIONS FOR CLINICAL PRACTICE: There is a disparity in the available research related to the different strategic lines, and it is necessary to carry out more exhaustive research on topics such as the presence and participation of the family in care or the management of post-paediatric intensive care syndrome.

9.
Intensive Crit Care Nurs ; 84: 103742, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38852240

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the most effective non-pharmacological measures for pain control in preterm infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). METHODS: A Systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials published in English, Portuguese, and Spanish from April 2020 to December 2023. The data sources used were MedLine via PubMed, LILACS, EMBASE, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Pedro. We performed the risk of bias analysis with Rob 2 and the certainty of the evidence and strength of the recommendation using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system. We assessed heterogeneity using the Higgins and Thompson I2 test, the classification of interventions using the P-score, and inconsistencies using the Direct Evidence Plot. RESULTS: From 210 publications identified, we utilized 12 studies in analysis with 961 preterm infants, and we combined ten studies in network meta-analysis with 716 preterm infants, and 12 combinations of non-pharmacological measures. With moderate confidence, sensory saturation, sugars, non-nutritive sucking, maternal heart sound, lullaby, breast milk odor/taste, magnetic acupuncture, skin-to-skin contact, and facilitated tucking have been shown to reduce pain in preterm infants when compared to no intervention, placebo, proparacaine or standard NICU routine: sensory saturation [SMD 5,25 IC 95%: -8,98; -1,53], sugars [SMD 2,32 IC 95%: -3,86; -0,79], pacifier [SMD 3,74 IC 95%: -7,30; 0,19], and sugars and pacifier SMD [3,88 IC 95% -7,72; -0,04]. CONCLUSION: Non-pharmacological measures are strongly recommended for pain management in preterm infants in the NICU. IMPLICATIONS FOR CLINICAL PRACTICE: The findings of this study have important implications for policy and practice. This is the only systematic review that compared the effectiveness of non-pharmacological measures, thus making it possible to identify which measure presents the best results and could be the first choice in clinical decision making.

10.
Ann Intensive Care ; 14(1): 83, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38837065

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immunosuppression at intensive care unit (ICU) admission has been associated with a higher incidence of ICU-acquired infections, some of them related to opportunistic pathogens. However, the association of immunosuppression with the incidence, microbiology and outcomes of ICU-acquired bacterial bloodstream infections (BSI) has not been thoroughly investigated. METHODS: Retrospective single-centered cohort study in France. All adult patients hospitalized in the ICU of Lille University-affiliated hospital for > 48 h between January 1st and December 31st, 2020, were included, regardless of their immune status. Immunosuppression was defined as active cancer or hematologic malignancy, neutropenia, hematopoietic stem cell and solid organ transplants, use of steroids or immunosuppressive drugs, human immunodeficiency virus infection and genetic immune deficiency. The primary objective was to compare the 28-day cumulative incidence of ICU-acquired bacterial BSI between immunocompromised and non-immunocompromised patients. Secondary objectives were to assess the microbiology and outcomes of ICU-acquired bacterial BSI in the two groups. RESULTS: A total of 1313 patients (66.9% males, median age 62 years) were included. Among them, 271 (20.6%) were immunocompromised at ICU admission. Severity scores at admission, the use of invasive devices and antibiotic exposure during ICU stay were comparable between groups. Both prior to and after adjustment for pre-specified baseline confounders, the 28-day cumulative incidence of ICU-acquired bacterial BSI was not statistically different between immunocompromised and non-immunocompromised patients. The distribution of bacteria was comparable between groups, with a majority of Gram-negative bacilli (~ 64.1%). The proportion of multidrug-resistant bacteria was also similar between groups. Occurrence of ICU-acquired bacterial BSI was associated with a longer ICU length-of-stay and a longer duration of invasive mechanical ventilation, with no significant association with mortality. Immune status did not modify the association between occurrence of ICU-acquired bacterial BSI and these outcomes. CONCLUSION: The 28-day cumulative incidence of ICU-acquired bacterial BSI was not statistically different between patients with and without immunosuppression at ICU admission.

11.
Int Wound J ; 21(2): e14710, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38838072

RESUMO

To explore the knowledge, attitudes and practice (KAP) status of preventing pressure injury among clinical nurses working in paediatric ICU, and to examine factors affecting nurses' KAP. A questionnaire survey was conducted among 1906 paediatric ICU nurses in 18 children's hospitals by convenience sampling method. The survey tools were self-designed general data questionnaire, KAP questionnaire for the prevention of pressure injury and the influencing factors were analysed. A total of 1906 valid questionnaires were collected. The scores of overall KPA, knowledge, attitudes, and practice were 101.24 ± 17.22, 20.62 ± 9.63, 54.93 ± 5.81and 25.67 ± 6.76, respectively. The results of multiple linear regression analysis showed that education background, professional title, age and specialist nurse were the main influencing factor of nurses' knowledge of preventing PI; education background and specialist nurse were the main influencing factors of nurses' attitudes of preventing PI; knowledge, attitudes and education background were the main influencing factors of nurses' practice of preventing PI. Paediatric ICU nurses have a positive attitude towards the prevention of PI, but their knowledge and practice need to be improved. According to different characteristics of nurses, nursing managers should carry out training on the knowledge of prevention of PI to establish a positive attitude, so as to drive the change of nursing practice and improve the nursing practice level of ICU nurses to prevent of PI.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica , Úlcera por Pressão , Humanos , Úlcera por Pressão/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem Hospitalar/psicologia , Enfermagem de Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Competência Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos
12.
Influenza Other Respir Viruses ; 18(6): e13311, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38840301

RESUMO

In September 2023, France was one of the first countries that started a national immunisation campaign with nirsevimab, a new monoclonal antibody against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Using data from a network of paediatric intensive care units (PICUs), we aimed to estimate nirsevimab effectiveness against severe cases of RSV bronchiolitis in France. We conducted a case-control study based on the test-negative design and included 288 infants reported by 20 PICUs. We estimated nirsevimab effectiveness at 75.9% (48.5-88.7) in the main analysis and 80.6% (61.6-90.3) and 80.4% (61.7-89.9) in two sensitivity analyses. These real-world estimates confirmed the efficacy observed in clinical studies.


Assuntos
Hospitalização , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial , Humanos , França/epidemiologia , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/tratamento farmacológico , Lactente , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Masculino , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Vírus Sincicial Respiratório Humano/efeitos dos fármacos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Bronquiolite/tratamento farmacológico , Bronquiolite/virologia , Bronquiolite Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Bronquiolite Viral/virologia , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 11: 1373726, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38846140

RESUMO

Objective: As patient life expectancy has increased and people are living longer than before, the rate of mechanical ventilation among elderly patients in the intensive care unit has increased. Older patients who receive mechanical ventilation and have multiple comorbidities are more likely to have a do not resuscitate order than are younger patients with fewer comorbidities. The aim of our study was to describe the patient characteristics and predictive factors of do not resuscitate orders during hospitalization among elderly patients who received ventilation in the intensive care unit. Methods: This was a retrospective review of the electronic medical records of patients in the intensive care unit of a teaching hospital in southern Taiwan. We enrolled patients admitted to the general intensive care unit from January 1, 2018, to September 31, 2020, and patients older than 80 years who experienced respiratory failure, were intubated and received mechanical ventilation. We analyzed patient demographics, disease severity during hospitalization and comorbidities. If a patient had multiple admissions to the intensive care unit, only the first admission was recorded. Results: Of the 305 patients over 80 years of age with respiratory failure who were intubated and placed on a ventilator, 66 were excluded because of incomplete data, and 13 were excluded because they had already signed a do not resuscitate order prior to admission to the hospital. Ultimately, 226 patients were included in this study. A higher acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II score (>30) was also associated with an increased likelihood of a do not resuscitate order (odds ratio (OR) = 3.85, 95% CI = 1.09-13.62, p = 0.0362). Patients who had acute kidney injury or cerebrovascular accident were more likely to have a do not resuscitate order (OR = 2.74, 95% CI = 1.03-7.28, p = 0.0428 and OR = 7.32, 95% CI = 2.02-26.49, p = 0.0024, respectively). Conclusion: Our study showed that older age, greater disease severity, and certain critical interventions were associated with a greater propensity for do not resuscitate orders, which is crucial for understanding patient preferences and guiding end-of-life care discussions. These findings highlight the importance of clinical severity and specific health events in predicting end-of-life care preferences in older patient groups.

14.
Chest ; 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38871280

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Older adults surviving critical illness often experience new or worsening functional impairments. Modifiable positive psychological constructs, like resilience, may mitigate post-intensive care morbidity. RESEARCH QUESTION: Is pre-ICU resilience associated with: (1) post-ICU survival; (2) the drop in post-ICU functional independence; and (3) a lesser decline of independence before versus after the ICU? STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using Medicare-linked Health and Retirement Study surveys from 2006-2018. We included Older adults ≥65 years admitted to an ICU. We calculated resilience before ICU admission. The resilience measure was defined from the Simplified Resilience Score which was previously adapted and validated for the Health and Retirement Study. Resilience was scored using the leave-behind survey normalized to 0 (lowest resilience) to 12 (highest resilience) point scale. Outcomes were survival and probability of functional independence. We modeled survival using Gompertz models and independence using joint survival models adjusting for sociodemographic and clinical variables. We estimated average marginal effects to determine independence probabilities. RESULTS: Across 3,409 patients ≥65 years old admitted to ICUs, pre-existing frailty (30.5%) and cognitive impairment (24.3%) were common. Most patients were previously independent (82.7%). Mechanical ventilation occurred in 14.8% and sepsis in 43.2%. Highest versus lowest resilience had lower risk of post-ICU mortality (aHR 0.81 95% CI [0.70, 0.94]). Higher resilience was associated with greater likelihood in post-ICU independence (estimated probability of independence 5 years post-ICU in highest-to-lowest resilience: 0.53 CI 95% [0.33, 0.74], 0.47 [0.26, 0.68], 0.49 [0.28, 0.70], 0.36 [0.17, 0.55] p<0.01). Resilience was not associated with a difference in the drop of independence across resilience groups, nor a difference in declines of independence post-ICU. INTERPRETATION: ICU survivors with higher resilience had increased rates of survival and functional independence, though the slope of functional decline did not differ by resilience group pre- to post-ICU.

15.
Acute Crit Care ; 39(2): 207-213, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38863351

RESUMO

Gender disparities in intensive care unit (ICU) treatment approaches and outcomes are evident. However, clinicians often pay little attention to the importance of biological sex and sociocultural gender in their treatment courses. Previous studies have reported that differences between sexes or genders can significantly affect the manifestation of diseases, diagnosis, clinicians' treatment decisions, scope of treatment, and treatment outcomes in the intensive care field. In addition, numerous reports have suggested that immunomodulatory effects of sex hormones and differences in gene expression from X chromosomes between genders might play a significant role in treatment outcomes of various diseases. However, results from clinical studies are conflicting. Recently, the need for customized treatment based on physical, physiological, and genetic differences between females and males and sociocultural characteristics of society have been increasingly emphasized. However, interest in and research into this field are remarkably lacking in Asian countries, including South Korea. Through this review, we hope to enhance our awareness of the importance of sex and gender in intensive care treatment and research by briefly summarizing several principal issues, mainly focusing on sex and sex hormone-based outcomes in patients admitted to the ICU with sepsis and septic shock.

16.
J Pediatr Pharmacol Ther ; 29(3): 273-277, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38863855

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pediatric poison exposures are a common reason for pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) -admission. The purpose of this study was to examine the exposure trends and patient outcomes in 2018-2019 compared with 2020-2021 amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients 18 years of age or younger with a suspected toxicologic exposure from January 2018 to March 2021. The primary endpoint was rate of PICU admissions between the 2 cohorts. Secondary endpoints included medical outcome stratified by severity, PICU length of stay, and need for mechanical ventilation. RESULTS: Our study included a total of 340 patients with median age 14.5 (IQR, 11.9-16.1) years. There was no significant difference in age, sex, or race between the 2 cohorts. The percentage of patients admitted to the PICU for poison exposures was significantly higher in the COVID-19 cohort compared with the pre-COVID-19 cohort (8.4% vs 3.7%, p < 0.01). Severity of medical outcomes differed between the groups; the COVID-19 cohort had more extreme clinical presentations of no effect or death (p < 0.01). No significant difference was found among the remaining secondary outcomes. Classes of substances ingested were comparable with baseline poison center data. CONCLUSIONS: Poisoning-related PICU admissions occurred at more than twice the pre-pandemic rate. This may emphasize the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on pediatric access and exposure to poisons.

17.
Enferm. actual Costa Rica (Online) ; (46): 58688, Jan.-Jun. 2024. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1550244

RESUMO

Resumen Introducción: El control y la evaluación de los niveles glucémicos de pacientes en estado críticos es un desafío y una competencia del equipo de enfermería. Por lo que, determinar las consecuencias de esta durante la hospitalización es clave para evidenciar la importancia del oportuno manejo. Objetivo: Determinar la asociación entre la glucemia inestable (hiperglucemia e hipoglucemia), el resultado de la hospitalización y la duración de la estancia de los pacientes en una unidad de cuidados intensivos. Metodología: Estudio de cohorte prospectivo realizado con 62 pacientes a conveniencia en estado crítico entre marzo y julio de 2017. Se recogieron muestras diarias de sangre para medir la glucemia. Se evaluó la asociación de la glucemia inestable con la duración de la estancia y el resultado de la hospitalización mediante ji al cuadrado de Pearson. El valor de p<0.05 fue considerado significativo. Resultados: De las 62 personas participantes, 50 % eran hombres y 50 % mujeres. La edad media fue de 63.3 años (±21.4 años). La incidencia de glucemia inestable fue del 45.2 % y se asoció con una mayor duración de la estancia en la UCI (p<0.001) y una progresión a la muerte como resultado de la hospitalización (p=0.03). Conclusión: Entre quienes participaron, la glucemia inestable se asoció con una mayor duración de la estancia más prolongada y con progresión hacia la muerte, lo que refuerza la importancia de la actuación de enfermería para prevenir su aparición.


Resumo Introdução: O controle e avaliação dos níveis glicêmicos em pacientes críticos é um desafio e uma competência da equipe de enfermagem. Portanto, determinar as consequências da glicemia instável durante a hospitalização é chave para evidenciar a importância da gestão oportuna. Objetivo: Determinar a associação entre glicemia instável (hiperglicemia e hipoglicemia), os desfechos hospitalares e o tempo de permanência dos pacientes em uma unidade de terapia intensiva. Métodos: Um estudo de coorte prospectivo realizado com 62 pacientes a conveniência em estado crítico entre março e julho de 2017. Foram coletadas amostras diariamente de sangue para medir a glicemia. A associação entre a glicemia instável com o tempo de permanência e o desfecho da hospitalização foi avaliada pelo teste qui-quadrado de Pearson. O valor de p <0,05 foi considerado significativo. Resultados: Das 62 pessoas participantes, 50% eram homens e 50% mulheres. A idade média foi de 63,3 anos (±21,4 anos). A incidência de glicemia instável foi de 45,2% e se associou a um tempo de permanência mais prolongado na UTI (p <0,001) e uma progressão para óbito como desfecho da hospitalização (p = 0,03). Conclusão: Entre os participantes, a glicemia instável se associou a um tempo mais longo de permanência e com progressão para óbito, enfatizando a importância da actuação da equipe de enfermagem para prevenir sua ocorrência.


Abstract Introduction: The control and evaluation of glycemic levels in critically ill patients is a challenge and a responsibility of the nursing team; therefore, determining the consequences of this during hospitalization is key to demonstrate the importance of timely management. Objective: To determine the relationship between unstable glycemia (hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia), hospital length of stay, and the hospitalization outcome of patients in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Methods: A prospective cohort study conducted with 62 critically ill patients by convenience sampling between March and July 2017. Daily blood samples were collected to measure glycemia. The correlation of unstable glycemia with the hospital length of stay and the hospitalization outcome was assessed using Pearson's chi-square. A p-value <0.05 was considered significant. Results: Among the 62 patients, 50% were male and 50% were female. The mean age was 63.3 years (±21.4 years). The incidence of unstable glycemia was 45.2% and was associated with a longer ICU stay (p<0.001) and a progression to death as a hospitalization outcome (p=0.03). Conclusion: Among critically ill patients, unstable glycemia was associated with an extended hospital length of stay and a progression to death, emphasizing the importance of nursing intervention to prevent its occurrence.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Cuidados Críticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Diabetes Mellitus/enfermagem , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Hiperglicemia/enfermagem
18.
Enferm. actual Costa Rica (Online) ; (46): 58440, Jan.-Jun. 2024. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1550243

RESUMO

Resumo Introdução: A Cultura de Segurança do Paciente é considerada um importante componente estrutural dos serviços, que favorece a implantação de práticas seguras e a diminuição da ocorrência de eventos adversos. Objetivo: Identificar os fatores associados à cultura de segurança do paciente nas unidades de terapia intensiva adulto em hospitais de grande porte da região Sudeste do Brasil. Método: Estudo transversal do tipo survey e multicêntrico. Participaram 168 profissionais de saúde de quatro unidades (A, B, C e D) de terapia intensiva adulto. Foi utilizado o questionário "Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture". Considerou-se como variável dependente o nível de cultura de segurança do paciente e variáveis independentes aspectos sociodemográficos e laborais. Foram usadas estatísticas descritivas e para a análise dos fatores associados foi elaborado um modelo de regressão logística múltipla. Resultados: Identificou-se associação entre tipo de hospital com onze dimensões da cultura de segurança, quanto à função a categoria profissional médico, técnico de enfermagem e enfermeiro foram relacionadas com três dimensões; o gênero com duas dimensões e tempo de atuação no setor com uma dimensão. Conclusão: Evidenciou-se que o tipo de hospital, categoria profissional, tempo de atuação no setor e gênero foram associados às dimensões de cultura de segurança do paciente.


Resumen Introducción: La cultura de seguridad del paciente se considera un componente estructural importante de los servicios, que favorece la aplicación de prácticas seguras y la reducción de la aparición de acontecimientos adversos. Objetivo: Identificar los factores asociados a la cultura de seguridad del paciente en unidades de terapia intensiva adulto en hospitales de la región Sudeste del Brasil. Metodología: Estudio transversal de tipo encuesta y multicéntrico. Participaron 168 profesionales de salud de cuatro unidades (A, B, C y D) de terapia intensiva adulto. Se utilizó el cuestionario "Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture". Se consideró como variable dependiente el nivel de cultura de seguridad del paciente y variables independientes los aspectos sociodemográficos y laborales. Fueron usadas estadísticas descriptivas y, para analizar los factores asociados, fue elaborado un modelo de regresión logística múltiple. Resultados: Se identificó asociación entre tipo de hospital con once dimensiones de cultura de seguridad del paciente. En relación a la función, personal médico, técnicos de enfermería y personal de enfermería fueron asociados con tres dimensiones, el género con dos dimensiones y tiempo de actuación con una dimensión en el modelo de regresión. Conclusión: Se evidenció que el tipo de hospital, función, tiempo de actuación en el sector y género fueron asociados a las dimensiones de la cultura de seguridad del paciente.


Abstract Introduction: Patient safety culture is considered an important structural component of the services, which promotes the implementation of safe practices and the reduction of adverse events. Objective: To identify the factors associated with patient safety culture in adult intensive care units in large hospitals in Belo Horizonte. Method: Cross-sectional survey and multicenter study. A total of 168 health professionals from four units (A, B, C and D) of adult intensive care participated. The questionnaire "Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture" was used. The patient's level of safety culture was considered as a dependent variable, and sociodemographic and labor aspects were the independent variables. Descriptive statistics were used and a multiple logistic regression model was developed to analyze the associated factors. Results: An association was identified between the type of hospital and eleven dimensions of the safety culture. In terms of function, the doctors, nursing technicians, and nurse were related to three dimensions; gender with two dimensions, and time working in the sector with one dimension. Conclusion: It was evidenced that the type of hospital, function, time working in the sector, and gender were associated with the dimensions of patient safety culture.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Segurança do Paciente , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Brasil , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/normas
19.
Arch Dis Child ; 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844074
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