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1.
J Clin Med ; 13(7)2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38610881

RESUMO

The heightened awareness of ethnic dermatology aligns with the growing prevalence of skin of color communities globally, where hyperpigmentation disorders pose a common dermatological challenge. Effectively addressing dermal pigmentation is challenging due to its resistance to conventional therapies and its association with impaired quality of life. This underscores the need for effective treatments and a thorough grasp of laser advancements. A relevant literature search spanning the last 7 years across the PubMed database reveals core studies, challenges, and the evolution of laser technologies tailored for various forms of congenital and acquired dermal hyperpigmentation in skin of color. This comprehensive review explores the mechanisms, applications, and recommendations for pigmentary laser technologies, highlighting the key role of Q-switched lasers in their established millisecond/ nanosecond forms and emerging picosecond lasers, fractional non-ablative and ablative lasers, Intense Pulsed Light, etc. The summary of evidence includes studies on dermal melanocytosis (nevus of Ota and Hori's nevus), tattoos, acquired dermal macular hyperpigmentation, etc., and also entities with mixed epidermal-dermal components, such as melasma and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. The review offers valuable insights for clinicians to make informed decisions based on diagnosis, skin type, and the latest technologies to optimize results and minimize complications, especially in darker Fitzpatrick skin types. In their five-year study with 122 Indian patients, the authors applied specific laser combinations for diverse dermal melanoses, including tattoos, dermal/mixed melasma, acquired dermal macular hyperpigmentation, and dermal nevi. Substantial pigmentation reduction, subjectively assessed by both physicians and patients, was observed across all groups. A one-way ANOVA indicated a significant difference in mean improvement scores across various pigmentary conditions (F = 3.39, p = 0.02), with melasma patients exhibiting a significantly higher improvement score than tattoos (p = 0.03). The results affirmed the safety and efficacy of sequential laser therapy for dermal pigmentation in skin of color, advocating for flexibility in approach while maintaining the rationale behind the laser sequences. Despite advancements, challenges persist, and gaps in the current literature are identified. In conclusion, this summary highlights the ongoing pursuit of optimal protocols in dermatological laser treatments for dermal melanoses, offering valuable insights for future research and clinical practice.

2.
SAGE Open Med Case Rep ; 12: 2050313X241242597, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38585420

RESUMO

Melanosis coli is a dark to brown pigmentation of the colon due to lipofuscin deposition within the cytoplasm of cells. It is a benign condition associated with excessive use of laxatives, particularly those that are anthracene derivatives and common herbal remedies like Cassia Angustifolla (senna). It is usually asymptomatic and diagnosed incidentally during colonoscopy or histopathologic evaluation. We present a case of a 56-year-old male patient who presented with diarrhea of 3 months duration, which started after he began to use California herbal tea for his constipation. Colonoscopic evaluation revealed an intense pigmentation throughout the colon suggestive of Melanosis coli, which was confirmed on histopathology. In patients with prolonged use of California herbal tea and dark to brown pigmentations of colonic mucosa on colonoscopy, there should be a high index of suspicion for Melanosis coli. And patients should be aware of the risk of developing Melanosis coli following prolonged herbal tea use. The findings presented in our case are in support of few previous literature that showed relations between chronic herbal tea use and Melanosis coli.

3.
Intern Med ; 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38522910

RESUMO

The patient was a 79-year-old male. At three years and eight months after his initial presentation, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a black-flattened elevated lesion in the middle third of the esophagus, which was diagnosed as malignant melanoma on biopsy. No lymph node or distant metastasis was found. A diagnosis of cT1bN0M0 Stage I was thus made. We performed a robot-assisted, minimally invasive esophagectomy and D2 dissection. The postoperative diagnosis was pT1a (MM), N0, M0, vascular invasion+, stage 0. The patient was recurrence-free for 14 months after surgery. We presume that an aggressive biopsy diagnosis is important for the early detection of malignant melanoma.

4.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38456556

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is no standardized and effective treatment modality for Riehl's melanosis. AIMS: To compare the efficacy and safety of oral tranexamic acid (TXA) combined with intense pulsed light (IPL) versus TXA alone in the treatment of refractory Riehl's melanosis. METHODS: A prospective study of 28 subjects with refractory Riehl's melanosis and Fitzpatrick Skin Types III or IV was conducted. All subjects received oral TXA 500 mg daily and 11 of them were treated in combination with monthly IPL therapy for 6 months. The primary outcome measure was mean melanin index (MI), erythema index (EI) and acquired dermal macular hyperpigmentation area and severity index (DPASI). The Physician Global Assessment (PGA) and patient satisfaction scale were documented. RESULTS: After treatment, DPASI, mean MI, and EI were significantly reduced in both groups. The group treated with combination therapy showed better improvement according to MI (p = 0.0032) and DPASI (p = 0.00468). PGA and patient satisfaction scale showed superior efficacy in the combination group. No significant difference was observed in treatment-related side effects. CONCLUSION: The combination of oral TXA and IPL proves to be a safe and satisfactory treatment strategy for refractory Riehl's melanosis.

5.
Mol Syndromol ; 15(1): 63-70, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38357260

RESUMO

Introduction: Xia-Gibbs syndrome (OMIM 615829) is a rare developmental disorder, caused by heterozygous de novo variants in the AHDC1 gene. Hallmark features include global developmental delay, facial dysmorphisms, and behavioral problems. To date, more than 250 individuals have been diagnosed worldwide. Case Report: We report a 13-year-old female who, in association with typical features of Xia-Gibbs syndrome, presented with macrocrania, pes cavus, and conjunctival melanosis. Whole-exome sequencing identified a de novo frameshift variant, which had not been reported in the literature before. Conclusion: We summarized the main clinical and phenotypic features of patients described in the literature, and in addition, we discuss another feature found in our patient and observed in other cases described, eye asymmetry, which has never been highlighted, and suggest that it could be part of the typical clinical presentation of this condition.

6.
Front Oncol ; 14: 1332362, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38347840

RESUMO

This case study documents an extraordinary disease progression in a 70-year-old patient diagnosed with metastatic melanoma. The patient's condition advanced to an unusual manifestation characterized by generalized melanosis and melanuria, a rare and foreboding complication of metastatic melanoma. The clinical presentation involved rapid-onset skin darkening, primarily affecting the face and torso, along with darkened urine, marking the onset of melanuria. Despite extensive diagnostic evaluations, including abdominal ultrasound, neck ultrasound, thoracic CT scans, and endoscopic examinations, the exact metastatic sites remained elusive, demonstrating the diagnostic challenges associated with this condition. Laboratory tests revealed abnormal hematological and biochemical markers, along with elevated S100 protein levels, indicating disease progression. The patient underwent a surgical skin biopsy that confirmed the diagnosis of metastatic melanoma, leading to a multidisciplinary approach to treatment. Following this, the patient-initiated chemotherapy with dacarbazine (DTIC). Regrettably, this was necessitated by the absence of reimbursement for BRAF and MEK inhibitors as well as immunotherapy, and it subsequently led to rapid disease progression and a decline in the patient's clinical condition. The patient's condition further complicated with erysipelas and increased distress, ultimately leading to their unfortunate demise. This case highlights the aggressive nature of generalized melanosis, characterized by a rapid clinical course, substantial pigmentation, and limited response to conventional chemotherapy. Importantly, the patient had a BRAF mutation, emphasizing the urgency of exploring alternative treatment strategies. Patients with a BRAF mutation are excellent candidates for BRAF and MEK inhibitor treatment, potentially allowing them to extend their lifespan if this therapy were available. The challenges encountered in diagnosing, managing, and treating this aggressive form of metastatic melanoma underline the need for early detection, tailored therapeutic approaches, and ongoing research efforts to improve patient outcomes in such cases.

8.
Urol Case Rep ; 53: 102687, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38420336

RESUMO

Background: Melanosis vesicae is a rare condition characterized by the deposition of melanin within the bladder urothelium. Case presentation: We present a case of a 72-year-old male with a history of recurrent urinary retention, bladder diverticula, and concurrent Aerococcus urinary tract infection who presented with left-sided abdominal pain. Cystoscopy revealed diffuse black splotch lesions throughout the bladder and two diverticula. Histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of melanosis vesicae. The patient ultimately underwent an open bladder diverticulectomy. Conclusion: The potential associations between melanosis vesicae, urinary tract malignancies and concurrent conditions such as bladder diverticula and urinary infections warrant further investigation.

10.
Life (Basel) ; 14(1)2024 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38255754

RESUMO

A 50-year-old male presented to the emergency room after experiencing sudden right upper limb facial numbness and dysphasia, followed by full recovery. A brain CT scan showed hyperdense lesions within the left hemispheric sulcus, which raised suspicion of spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage. A T1-weighted MRI showed multiple tiny leptomeningeal enhancements in the same area, and a digital subtraction angiography showed no signs of vascular abnormality. Cerebrospinal fluid cytology revealed atypical melanin-containing cells with minimal pleomorphism. One month later, the patient developed sixth nerve palsy, which was determined to be due to intracranial hypertension. Multiple giant nevi on the legs, trunk, and scalp were also observed. A skin biopsy showed well-defined and symmetrical proliferation of melanocytic nevus cell nests in the dermis. An open biopsy was performed due to the suspicious leptomeningeal lesions, which surprisingly revealed diffuse and thick black-colored tissue infiltration of the leptomeninges. Pathology confirmed the diagnosis of meningeal melanocytosis. A ventriculoperitoneal shunt was then placed, and the patient's neurological symptoms gradually improved. Based on the presence of multiple giant nevi on the patient's skin and the finding of diffuse meningeal melanocytosis during the open biopsy, the patient was diagnosed with neurocutaneous melanosis. The patient received 6 cycles triweekly of Ipilimumab and Nivolumab 8 months after initial diagnosis. Unfortunately, the disease progressed and the patient passed away 14 months after initial diagnosis.

11.
Vet Ophthalmol ; 2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38270513

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify canine breeds at risk for ocular melanosis and to compare the clinical and histologic features between affected Cairn Terriers (CTs) and non-Cairn Terriers (NCTs). DESIGN: Relative risk (RR) analysis and retrospective cohort study of dogs histologically diagnosed with ocular melanosis. PROCEDURES: The COPLOW archive was searched for globe submissions diagnosed with ocular melanosis. Six hundred fifty globes were included, and RR analysis was performed to identify at-risk NCT breeds. A cohort of 360 CT and NCT globes diagnosed from 2013 to 2023 were included in the retrospective cohort study. Clinical data were collected from submission forms, medical records, and follow-up surveys. One hundred fifty-seven submissions underwent masked histologic review. Immunohistochemical staining for CD204 was performed to determine the predominance of melanophages in affected uvea from five NCTs. RESULTS: At-risk NCT breeds included the Boxer, Labrador Retriever, and French Bulldog. Glaucoma was the reported reason for enucleation in 79.4% of submissions. At enucleation, clinical features less prevalent in NCTs than CTs included pigmentary abnormalities in the contralateral eye (33.7% vs. 63.1%, p = .0008) and abnormal episcleral/scleral pigmentation in the enucleated globe (25.4% vs. 53.6%, p = .0008). Histologic involvement of the episclera was also less frequent in NCTs than in CTs (39.7% vs. 76.9%, p = .008). Concurrent melanocytic neoplasms arising in melanosis were more common in NCTs (24.4%) than CTs (3.9%). Melanophages were not predominant in any samples evaluated immunohistochemically. CONCLUSIONS: Several popular NCT breeds carry risk for ocular melanosis, and some clinicopathologic disease features may differ from those described in CTs.

12.
Acta Neuropathol Commun ; 12(1): 14, 2024 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38254245

RESUMO

Neurocutaneous melanosis (NCM) is a rare congenital neurocutaneous syndrome characterized by congenital melanocytic nevus of skin and abnormal proliferation of leptomeningeal melanocytes. Early acquisition of post-zygotic somatic mutations has been postulated to underlie the pathogenesis of NCM. The pathogenesis of NCM remains to be fully elucidated, and treatment options have not been established. Here, we report for the first time, multiregional genomic analyses in a 3-year-old autopsied girl with leptomeningeal melanomatosis associated with NCM, in which a ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunt was inserted for the treatment of hydrocephalus. The patient expired six months after the onset due to respiratory failure caused by abdominal dissemination via VP shunt. We performed multiregional exome sequencing to identify genomic differences among brain and abdominal tumors, nevus, and normal tissues. A total of 87 somatic mutations were found in 71 genes, with a significantly large number of gene mutations found in the tumor site. The genetic alterations detected in the nevus were only few and not shared with other sites. Three mutations, namely GNAQ R183Q, S1PR3 G89S and NRAS G12V, considered pathogenic, were found, although S1PR3 mutations have not been previously reported in melanocytic tumors. GNAQ and S1PR3 mutations were shared in both tumor and normal sites. Moreover, the mutant allele frequencies of the two mutations were markedly higher in tumor sites than in normal sites, with copy-neutral loss-of-heterozygosity (CN-LOH) occurring in tumor. NRAS mutation was found only in the abdominal tumor and was thought to be responsible for malignant progression in the present case. Multiregional comprehensive genetic analysis may lead to discovering novel driver mutations associated with tumorigenesis and targeted therapy.


Assuntos
Melanose , Síndromes Neurocutâneas , Nevo , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Feminino , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Síndromes Neurocutâneas/genética , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , GTP Fosfo-Hidrolases/genética
13.
Int J Surg Pathol ; 32(1): 104-108, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37016968

RESUMO

Melanosis of the urinary bladder, so-called melanosis vesicae, is a rare condition characterized by dark, velvety bladder mucosa observed by cystoscopy examination. Up to 20 examples have been reported in the English literature, and the etiology of this disease still needs to be discovered. We present an 82-year-old woman with a history of pelvic organ prolapse-associated urinary symptoms. The patient was found to have pigmented urinary bladder mucosa on cystoscopy and underwent a total hysterectomy and bladder mucosal biopsy. Histologically, pigmented granules were evident in the bladder stroma and epithelium, highlighted by Periodic Acid-Schiff (PAS) stain, suggestive of lipofuscin in nature. We outline the diagnostic features of bladder melanosis, discuss the diagnostic mimickers, and thoroughly review the literature on the subject.


Assuntos
Melanose , Doenças da Bexiga Urinária , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Doenças da Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico , Doenças da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Doenças da Bexiga Urinária/complicações , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Melanose/diagnóstico , Melanose/patologia , Cistoscopia
14.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 23(2): 479-485, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37782679

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of peeling with a microemulsion formulation containing 1% retinoic acid. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After development of the product, 60 patients with melasma were randomly divided into three groups (n = 20): Group 1-application of conventional 1% retinoic acid peeling (RA 1%). Group 2-application of 1% retinoic acid peeling in microemulsion (RA 1%M). Group 3-Application of placebo. The groups were submitted to four peeling sessions, fortnightly on Days 0, 15, 30, and 45, and analyzed at the time intervals of 0, 15, 30, 45, and 60 days. Evaluation was made by using the Melasma Area and Severity Index (MASI) and Melasma Quality of Life (MelasquoL) instrument. Hemato-biochemical parameters were also evaluated at Days 0 and 60. After obtaining the results, normality was evaluated by means of the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and afterwards, the following tests were applied: Friedman statistical (to test the effect of the treatments on the MASI index); Wilcoxon, (for comparison between pairs to test the effect of treatments on the MelasQoL index); Kruskal-Wallis, (to test the differences between the groups); and Mann-Whitney, (comparisons between treatments). The level of significance adopted was 5% (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The three groups presented a significant reduction in the MASI index, indicating the effect of all the treatments on reducing the melasma (p < 0.001). A significant reduction in the stains was observed with the use of retinoic acid peeling delivered in microemulsion (62%) when compared with the conventional peeling with 1% retinoic acid in a conventional vehicle (26%) and the placebo (12%). There was also a significant reduction in the MelasQoL index (sum of all the aspects) in the three groups, indicating the effect of all the treatments, including the placebo, on the overall quality of life of those with melasma. However, RA 1%M the treatment that promoted the greatest effect on the quality of life of individuals. In percentage terms, the RA 1%M provided a mean reduction of 30% in the MelasQoL index, against 13% of the conventional treatment and only 4% of the placebo. When the hemato-biochemical parameters were compared on Days 0 and 60, there were no significant changes in the results. CONCLUSION: The chemical peeling performed with RA 1%M was effective for the treatment of melasma, and was shown to be superior to the peeling performed with retinoic acid in a conventional vehicle, in reducing the stains and improving the quality of life of patients.


Assuntos
Melanose , Tretinoína , Humanos , Tretinoína/uso terapêutico , Ceratolíticos/uso terapêutico , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento , Melanose/tratamento farmacológico
15.
J Am Vet Med Assoc ; 262(1): 117-124, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37758183

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel scoring system of feline pigmented iris lesions prior to utilization of diode laser ablation of progressive pigmented iris lesions and to retrospectively evaluate short- and long-term patient outcomes following transcorneal diode laser ablation. ANIMALS: 317 client-owned cats (356 eyes) were included. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: Records of cats undergoing diode laser ablation from January 2000 to December 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. A novel clinical grading system to describe severity of feline iris hyperpigmentation was developed. Recorded parameters included signalment, operated-upon eye, presurgical iris pigmentation score, intraocular pressure, visual status, postoperative complications, repeat laser surgery, patient status at last follow-up, time to death, and presumptive or known cause of death. RESULTS: Complications included corneal ulceration (25/356 [7%]), glaucoma (18/356 [5%]), uveitis (4/356 [1.1%]), and corneal edema (3/356 [0.8%]). Enucleation was performed in 12 eyes due to blindness and secondary glaucoma. Repeat laser due to continued progression of pigment was performed in 18.5% of eyes. Two study patients were euthanized due to presumptive metastatic disease. Of the 250 cats for whom confirmation was available via phone call or medical records, 240 (96%) were alive at 1 year. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Diode laser ablation appears safe overall and may be effective in decreasing progression of feline iris pigmentation. Complication risks appear minimal.


Assuntos
Doenças do Gato , Glaucoma , Terapia a Laser , Gatos , Animais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Iris/cirurgia , Terapia a Laser/veterinária , Glaucoma/veterinária , Cor de Olho , Pressão Intraocular , Doenças do Gato/cirurgia
16.
Pediatr Dermatol ; 2023 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38156740

RESUMO

Idiopathic eruptive macular pigmentation (IEMP) is a rare, benign, self-resolving melanosis consisting of hyperpigmented macules typically on the face, trunk, and extremities that can occur in children and adolescents and often presents a diagnostic conundrum. We report a case involving an 8-year-old female whose previous clinical presentation was concerning for an atypical presentation of cutaneous mastocytosis or neurofibromatosis. The clinical and histopathologic evaluation was consistent with the diagnosis of IEMP, and no active intervention was pursued. Our accompanying literature review serves to better characterize this condition, highlight key diagnostic features, and emphasize the tendency for spontaneous resolution to avoid unnecessary treatments with limited clinical efficacy.

17.
Cureus ; 15(10): e47901, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38034188

RESUMO

Facial hyperpigmented lesions that are unilateral are a rare and challenging dermatological anomaly since birth which can be genetic and non-genetic. This paper seeks to provide an exhaustive overview of the etiology, clinical presentation, differential diagnosis, and management strategies for these congenital lesions. Unilateral facial hyperpigmented lesions can be caused by a number of conditions, such as congenital melanocytic nevi, Becker's nevus, nevus of Ota, linear epidermal nevi, and café-au-lait macules. Accurate diagnosis requires meticulous examination, dermoscopy, and histopathological evaluation. Observation, topical therapies, surgical excision, and laser therapy are among the available treatment options. Treatment decisions should be influenced by factors such as lesion characteristics, aesthetic concerns, and patient preferences. Long-term supervision and psychosocial support are indispensable elements of comprehensive management. We present a case of a 12-year-old patient with a progressively growing hyperpigmented lesion on the right side of the face, present since birth with an intermittent area of normal skin in between. Dermoscopy unveiled an irregular, dark brown pigment network, and histopathological evaluation showed an increased number of melanocytes in the dermis. This case highlights the diagnostic challenges of such lesions and underscores the significance of a multidisciplinary approach for accurate evaluation and management. This paper aims to cover existing knowledge gaps regarding unilateral facial hyperpigmented lesions since birth and direct future research efforts for diagnostic and therapeutic interventions.

18.
Foods ; 12(19)2023 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37835302

RESUMO

Shrimp has been known for its delicacy, but it undergoes rapid deterioration induced by biochemical and microbiological reactions. Melanosis is a major cause of discoloration associated with consumer rejection. All ethanolic extracts from different leaves including soursop, noni, and Jik leaves were dechlorophyllized via the "Green" sedimentation method before being used. The inhibitory activity against polyphenoloxidase (PPO) from Pacific white shrimp (Litopeneous vannamei) and the copper-chelating properties of varying extracts were compared. Soursop leaf extract (SLE) showed higher PPO inhibitory activity and copper-chelating ability than others (p < 0.05). Based on LC-MS, aempferol-3-O-rutinoside was identified as the most abundant compound, followed by catechin and neocholorigenic acid. The efficacy of SLE at different levels (0.25-1%) for inhibiting melanosis and preserving the quality of Pacific white shrimp was evaluated during refrigerated storage at 4 °C for 12 days in comparison with that of a 1.25% sodium metabisulfite (SMS)-treated sample. SLE at a level of 1% effectively retarded melanosis and bacterial growth, in which the total viable count did not exceed the microbial limit within 12 days. In addition, 1% SLE treatment impeded autolysis, reduced protein degradation and decomposition, and minimized lipid oxidation, as witnessed by the lower increases in pH, TVB-N, and TBARS values. Sensory evaluation indicated higher likeness scores and overall acceptability for SLE-1% and SMS-1.25% shrimps than those of the control and other samples. Therefore, SLE could be used as a natural alternative that effectively lowered the melanosis and quality loss of shrimp during refrigerated storage.

19.
Cureus ; 15(9): e45005, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37829981

RESUMO

Nevus is a group of melanocytes that grow together to form a benign growth on the skin. It is often a black lesion that may protrude from the skin. Becker's nevus is a hyperpigmented lesion that presents congenitally or is acquired. The pigmentation and unusually high hair growth might grow darker with time. Becker's nevus, which can interchangeably be called Becker's melanosis, is a rare disease usually presented by men. The following case is of a 21-year-old male who presented with a hyperpigmented lesion on his right arm. The lesion started at age 16 and increased in size gradually; it involved the flexor surface of the right elbow joint and showed hypertrichosis with irregular margins. On examination, the top dermis contained melanophages, and the basal layer was hyperpigmented. Based on clinical appearance and examination, Becker's nevus was diagnosed.

20.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dent ; 15: 189-197, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37720312

RESUMO

Aim: This study aimed to compare the validity and reliability of polarized and non-polarized intraoral photography for the measurement of gingival melanin pigmentation. Materials and Methods: A case series study was conducted on ten patients scheduled for gingival depigmentation. A total of 976 polarized and non-polarized image samples were collected, capturing two rows above the gingival margin, for analysis. These images were taken both before and one year after the depigmentation procedure. Three independent evaluators assessed the photographs (an orthodontist, a general dentist, and a layperson). The Dummett Oral Pigmentation Index (DOPI) and Gingival Melanosis Record (GMR) indices were used to measure the level of gingival pigmentation. Results: The study found no significant differences between polarized and non-polarized images taken before and after depigmentation. Both methods of imaging received similar scores from the evaluators. The orthodontist identified more pigmented slides than the layperson and the general dentist. Conclusion: Both polarized and non-polarized photographic methods may be used for assessing gingival pigmentation. However, further research is warranted to confirm this finding and examine additional factors.

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