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1.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 19(1): 162, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38632666

RESUMO

Recently, Ombashi et al. published a systematic review aiming to identify the pitfalls in the development and implementation as well as factors influencing long-term success of a multidisciplinary, international registry for cleft care on a global scale. The purpose of this letter to the editor is to highlight that the review failed to include the Swedish quality registry for patients born with cleft lip and palate, which fulfils the inclusion criteria. The Swedish cleft lip and palate registry is multidisciplinary, has a high coverage and reporting degree, and most outcome measures have been checked for reliability and validity. It is regularly used for open comparisons between treatment centers. Several research studies have been published based on the Swedish cleft lip and palate registry, and more are ongoing. The information we provide about the Swedish cleft lip and palate registry complements and expands the information of the results reported by Ombashi et al. in their research.

2.
Eur J Orthod ; 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613510

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The increasing utilization of large language models (LLMs) in Generative Artificial Intelligence across various medical and dental fields, and specifically orthodontics, raises questions about their accuracy. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess and compare the answers offered by four LLMs: Google's Bard, OpenAI's ChatGPT-3.5, and ChatGPT-4, and Microsoft's Bing, in response to clinically relevant questions within the field of orthodontics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten open-type clinical orthodontics-related questions were posed to the LLMs. The responses provided by the LLMs were assessed on a scale ranging from 0 (minimum) to 10 (maximum) points, benchmarked against robust scientific evidence, including consensus statements and systematic reviews, using a predefined rubric. After a 4-week interval from the initial evaluation, the answers were reevaluated to gauge intra-evaluator reliability. Statistical comparisons were conducted on the scores using Friedman's and Wilcoxon's tests to identify the model providing the answers with the most comprehensiveness, scientific accuracy, clarity, and relevance. RESULTS: Overall, no statistically significant differences between the scores given by the two evaluators, on both scoring occasions, were detected, so an average score for every LLM was computed. The LLM answers scoring the highest, were those of Microsoft Bing Chat (average score = 7.1), followed by ChatGPT 4 (average score = 4.7), Google Bard (average score = 4.6), and finally ChatGPT 3.5 (average score 3.8). While Microsoft Bing Chat statistically outperformed ChatGPT-3.5 (P-value = 0.017) and Google Bard (P-value = 0.029), as well, and Chat GPT-4 outperformed Chat GPT-3.5 (P-value = 0.011), all models occasionally produced answers with a lack of comprehensiveness, scientific accuracy, clarity, and relevance. LIMITATIONS: The questions asked were indicative and did not cover the entire field of orthodontics. CONCLUSIONS: Language models (LLMs) show great potential in supporting evidence-based orthodontics. However, their current limitations pose a potential risk of making incorrect healthcare decisions if utilized without careful consideration. Consequently, these tools cannot serve as a substitute for the orthodontist's essential critical thinking and comprehensive subject knowledge. For effective integration into practice, further research, clinical validation, and enhancements to the models are essential. Clinicians must be mindful of the limitations of LLMs, as their imprudent utilization could have adverse effects on patient care.

3.
Int Orthod ; 22(2): 100871, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613861

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to prepare a glass ionomer (GI) cement reinforced with silver-hydroxyapatite-silica (Ag/HA/Si) hybrid nanoparticles and assess its compressive strength and fluoride release profile. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this in vitro, experimental study, 60 cylindrical specimens were fabricated with 4mm diameter and 6mm height in 6 groups (n=10) using BracePaste composite, GC Fuji II LC pure RMGI, and RMGI reinforced with 0.1wt%, 0.5wt%, 1wt%, and 2wt% Ag/HA/Si hybrid nanoparticles. The specimens were subjected to compressive force in a universal testing machine to measure their compressive strength (MPa). To assess their fluoride release profile, discs with 3mm diameter and 2mm thickness were fabricated from Fuji II LC pure resin-modified glass ionomer (RMGI), and RMGI with 0.1wt%, 0.5wt%, 1wt%, and 2wt% hybrid nanoparticles, and the concentration of released fluoride was measured by a digital ion-selective electrode. Data were analysed by ANOVA and Scheffe test (alpha=0.05). RESULTS: The compressive strength was 114.14MPa for BracePaste composite, and 97.14, 97.84, 100.65, 109.5, and 89.33MPa for GI groups with 0%, 0.1%, 0.5%, 1% and 2% hybrid nanoparticles, respectively, with no significant difference among them (P=0.665). Addition of 1% (0.21±0.07µg/mL, P=0.029) and 2% (0.45±0.22µg/mL, P=0.000) hybrid nanoparticles to RMGI significantly increased the amount of released fluoride, compared with the control group (0.09±0.03µg/mL). CONCLUSIONS: Addition of Ag/HA/Si hybrid nanoparticles to RMGI in the tested concentrations had no significant effect on its compressive strength but addition of 1wt% and 2wt% concentrations of Ag/HA/Si hybrid nanoparticles increased its fluoride release potential.

4.
Int Orthod ; 22(2): 100872, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613862

RESUMO

The patient presented in this case report is a 10-year-old boy with hyperdivergent skeletal Class II associated with familial genetic agenesis of the second premolars. The treatment plan chosen was to close the spaces of agenesis using a bimaxillary appliance fixed buccally. The advantages and disadvantages of this treatment option were discussed. The result was stable and made it possible to avoid an implant-prosthetic solution, which would undoubtedly have been more restrictive over time.

5.
Materials (Basel) ; 17(3)2024 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591559

RESUMO

This study aims to examine the play between various archwires and bracket systems, exploring potential variations in angle values for specific torque and torque values for a given angle along different bracket systems. Therefore, seven brackets systems were evaluated in conjunction with different stainless steel archwires of varying dimensions (0.016″ × 0.022″, 0.018″ × 0.025″, and 0.019″ × 0.025″). Biomechanical behavior during torque development and transmission was assessed using a six-component force/torque sensor. Torque angles (5-45°) were specified with subsequent torque measurement, and the sequence was reversed by setting the torque (5-30 Nmm) and measuring the angle. A reference measurement with 0 Nmm torque served to evaluate bracket slot play. Bracket play (0 Nmm) during palatal load ranged between 20.06° and 32.50° for 0.016″ × 0.022″ wire, 12.83° and 21.11° for 0.018″ × 0.025″ wire, and 8.39° and 18.73° for 0.019″ × 0.025″ wire. The BioQuick® bracket exhibited the highest play, while Wave SL® and Damon® Q brackets demonstrated the lowest play (p < 0.001). Significant differences (p < 0.001) between the brackets were observed in the torque angles required to achieve torques of 5-20 Nmm. In summary, each bracket system has a different torque transmission, which is of great clinical importance in order to achieve correct torque transmission and avoid complications such as root resorption.

6.
J Clin Med ; 13(5)2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38592077

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Aligners are an effective and esthetic orthodontic treatment option for permanent and mixed dentition. There are only a few studies dealing with the effectiveness of orovestibular tooth movement using aligners and applying adequate examination methods. In the present retrospective study, the aligner efficiency of orovestibular movements for the entire dentition was systematically evaluated using 3D superimposition, taking into account the influence of jaw, tooth type and Invisalign® system. METHODS: Group 1 (n = 18 adults, Invisalign®) and Group 2 (n = 17 adolescents, Invisalign® Teen) were treated with Invisalign® Ex30 aligner material and Invisalign® specific auxiliary means. In this non-interventional retrospective study, pre- and post-treatment maxillary and mandibular plaster cast models were scanned and superimposed with ClinChecks® via Surface-Surface Matching Algorithm on unmoved teeth providing stable references. Effectivity of planned versus clinically realized movements was evaluated for each tooth. Statistics were performed with a t-test and Bonferroni-Holm correction (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Orovestibular movement efficiency was excellent without statistical significance regarding jaw, tooth type or Invisalign® system. Mandibular translational tooth movements were highly effective, and outstanding for premolars (91-98%). Maxillary translational tooth movements were successful for incisors and premolars, but less effective for canines and molars. Almost all teeth were moderately or very effectively corrected by crown tipping, performing better for mandibular (70-92%) than maxillary (22-31%) canines as much as for adolescent upper front teeth (81-85%) and lower canines (92%). CONCLUSIONS: Aligners are able to effectively implement translational orovestibular movements, supported by tilting the crowns for even more efficient implementation of the movements. This phenomenon was observed in our studies for all teeth in both jaws, regardless of the Invisalign® system used. Treatment planning should nevertheless take into account the individual patient parameters with regard to the movements to be performed in order to make the aligner therapy as successful as possible in terms of realizing the desired therapeutic goal.

7.
J Clin Med ; 13(5)2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38592097

RESUMO

(1) Background: The present scoping review aims to scrutinize all existing patient-reported outcomes and assess the perspectives of obstructive sleep apnea patients after maxillomandibular surgery. (2) Methods: The review was carried out according to the extensions for scoping reviews using the PRISMA-ScR guidelines. Several databases were used to carry out the initial search. This study included randomized controlled trials, cohort studies, cross-sectional and case-control studies. The included studies considered patients with obstructive sleep apnea who were submitted to orthognathic surgery as the main subjects, and the patient's perception of quality of life, satisfaction, treatment experience and side effects were assessed. (3) Results: From 1407 examined articles, a total of 16 were included. Most of the included studies used more than one questionnaire to assess quality of life, except for five articles. The most commonly referred instruments were the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, SF-36, the Functional Outcomes of Sleep and Ottawa Sleep Apnea. The most commonly assessed outcomes were sleep quality, daytime function, facial aesthetics, dental function and emotional health. (4) Conclusions: The number of variables that can be evaluated from a patient's perspective are endless, as are the tools available to assess them. Not all of these tools, which are generally questionnaires, assess all the various outcomes, and some do not compare the pre- and post-surgical situations. Most of them are generic and lack specificity for obstructive sleep apnea.

8.
J Clin Med ; 13(5)2024 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38592176

RESUMO

Background: The aim was to assess three-dimensionally mandibular and maxillary changes in growing Class II patients treated with removable functional appliances followed by fixed appliances. Methods: Twenty-four Class II patients (age range: 9 to 14, mean: 12.1 ± 1.1 years) treated with removable functional appliances followed by fixed appliances (functional appliance group-FAG) were retrospectively selected and compared to an age-matched control group (CG) treated with fixed appliances only. To be included in the study, pre- and post-treatment CBCT scans had to be available. The CBCTs were used to analyze, in 3D, the changes following treatment and growth. Results: Before treatment, overjet (FAG: 9 mm ± 2.8 (mean ± standard deviation); CG: 4 mm ± 1.7), ANB (FAG: 5.7° ± 2.0; CG: 3.2° ± 1.4), and effective mandibular length (FAG: 113.0 mm ± 4.1; CG: 116.6 mm ± 5.9) were statistically significantly different between the two groups. After treatment, overjet (FAG: -6.8 mm ± 2.8; CG: -1.8 mm ± 1.8) and effective mandibular length (FAG: 6.3 mm ± 2.6; CG: 3.9 mm ± 2.6) statistically significantly changed. There was a significant difference in the treatment effect between the FAG and the CG in overjet, ANB, and effective mandibular length. Conclusions: The results indicate that functional appliances are effective in correcting Class II malocclusions. The growth modification in the FAG resulted in an increase in mandibular length. Yet, the final length of the mandible in the FAG was smaller when compared to the CG.

9.
J Pharm Bioallied Sci ; 16(Suppl 1): S527-S529, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595434

RESUMO

Background: Orthodontic tooth movement, the process of aligning teeth, can often be time-consuming, particularly in adult patients. Micro-osteoperforations (MOPs) have emerged as a potential technique to accelerate this process. Materials and Methods: A sample of 30 adult patients undergoing orthodontic treatment was selected. The patients were divided into two groups: an experimental group (EG) receiving MOPs and a control group (CG) without MOPs. Standard orthodontic treatment was administered to both groups. The rate of tooth movement was measured using digital models and recorded in millimeters per month. Pain levels reported by patients were also noted. The data were analyzed using basic statistical methods. Results: The EG demonstrated a significantly higher rate of orthodontic tooth movement compared to the CG. The average rate of tooth movement in the EG was 1.5 millimeters per month, while the CG exhibited an average rate of 0.8 millimeters per month. Additionally, pain levels reported by patients in the EG were slightly elevated immediately after MOPs but subsided within a few days. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that MOPs can effectively expedite orthodontic tooth movement in adult patients.

10.
J Pharm Bioallied Sci ; 16(Suppl 1): S356-S358, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595439

RESUMO

Introduction: The esthetic during the various orthodontic treatments has led to the invention of the brackets. When different ceramic brackets and archwires are used, the different frictional forces may result in the different outputs. Hence, in the present study, we evaluated and compared the frictional resistance between eight standard monocrystalline ceramic bracket models and each of the archwires of four different alloys. Materials and Methods: Frictional force was tested using Instron testing machine, in vitro, for eight types of monocrystalline ceramic bracket, and four types of archwires beta-titanium, NiTi, copper-nickel-titanium, and stainless steel statistical analysis were done using various tools, and significance value of <0.05 was considered. Results: Ormco and AO (Radiance) monocrystalline ceramic brackets created lesser frictional resistance than other monocrystalline ceramic brackets. Stainless steel archwire generates lesser static friction. Beta-titanium archwire created higher static friction. A 0.017 × 0.025 inch stainless steel archwire generates lesser static friction to 0.019 × 0.025 inch TMA. Conclusion: It can be concluded that Ormco and AO (Radiance) monocrystalline ceramic brackets, with stainless steel archwires and of size 0.017 × 0.025 inch, can generate better forces when used for the orthodontic tooth movements.

11.
J Pharm Bioallied Sci ; 16(Suppl 1): S707-S710, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595451

RESUMO

Mini-screws, also known as temporary anchorage devices (TADs), offer enhanced control and versatility in orthodontic treatment by providing stable anchorage points. This clinical study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of mini-screw-supported molar intrusion in orthodontic practice. For this clinical study, a cohort of 40 orthodontic patients with various malocclusions requiring molar intrusion as part of their treatment plan was recruited. The age range of the participants spanned from 14 to 35 years, representing a diverse patient population. The intervention involved the implementation of mini-screw-supported molar intrusion on one side of the maxillary arch in each patient. To achieve this, temporary mini-screws were strategically placed, and a combination of orthodontic forces and mini-screw anchorage was employed to intrude the molars. The primary outcome measure for this study was the amount of molar intrusion achieved, which was quantified in millimeters from the initial evaluation to the final visit. Additionally, the duration of treatment required to achieve the desired molar intrusion was recorded in months. The results of this clinical study demonstrated that mini-screw-supported molar intrusion was an effective and safe orthodontic technique. On average, a significant mean molar intrusion amount of 4.8 mm (standard deviation [SD] ± 0.6) was achieved with the mini-screw-supported approach. Furthermore, the treatment duration required to attain the desired molar intrusion was relatively short, with a mean of 6.2 months (SD ± 1.1). In conclusion, this clinical study provides evidence that mini-screw-supported molar intrusion is an effective and safe approach in orthodontic practice. It offers orthodontists the advantage of enhanced control and predictability in molar intrusion procedures.

12.
J Pharm Bioallied Sci ; 16(Suppl 1): S818-S820, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595457

RESUMO

Background: The mixed dentition stage in children is a critical period for orthodontic assessment and intervention. This study investigates the effects of interceptive orthodontics on dental and skeletal development in children with mixed dentition, aiming to evaluate the potential benefits of early orthodontic treatment. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on a cohort of 150 children with mixed dentition (aged 7-11 years), who received interceptive orthodontic treatment. Dental and skeletal records, including cephalometric radiographs and dental cast models, were collected before and after treatment. A control group of 150 untreated children with mixed dentition was also assessed for comparison. Various dental and skeletal parameters, such as dental alignment, overjet (OJ), overbite (OB), and cephalometric measurements, were recorded and analyzed. Results: The results of this study indicate significant improvements in dental alignment and occlusion in the group of children who received interceptive orthodontic treatment. The average reduction in OJ was 3.5 mm, and the OB correction averaged 2.1 mm. Cephalometric analysis showed positive changes in skeletal relationships, with a mean reduction in the angle formed by point A, nasion (N) and point B. (ANB) angle of 2.8 degrees. These improvements were statistically significant compared to the control group (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Early orthodontic intervention, such as interceptive orthodontics, has a positive impact on dental and skeletal development in children with mixed dentition.

13.
J Pharm Bioallied Sci ; 16(Suppl 1): S540-S542, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595553

RESUMO

Background: In the realm of orthodontics, the evaluation of treatment outcomes is a pivotal aspect. In recent times, artificial intelligence (AI) models have garnered attention as potential tools for predicting these outcomes. These AI models have the potential to enhance treatment planning and decision-making processes. However, a comprehensive assessment of their effectiveness and accuracy is essential before their widespread integration. Materials and Methods: In this study, we assessed the capability of AI models to predict treatment outcomes in orthodontics. A sample of 30 patients undergoing orthodontic treatment was selected. Various patient-specific parameters, including age, initial malocclusion severity, and treatment approach, were collected. The AI model was trained using a dataset comprising historical treatment cases and their respective outcomes. Subsequently, the trained AI model was applied to predict the treatment outcomes for the selected patients. Results: The results of this study indicated a moderate level of accuracy in the predictions made by the AI model. Out of the 30 patients, the model accurately predicted treatment outcomes for 22 patients, yielding a success rate of approximately 73%. However, the model exhibited limitations in accurately predicting outcomes for cases involving complex malocclusions or those requiring non-standard treatment approaches. Conclusion: In conclusion, this study underscores the potential of AI models in predicting treatment outcomes in orthodontics. While the AI model demonstrated promising accuracy in the majority of cases, its efficacy was diminished in complex and non-standard cases. Therefore, while AI models can serve as valuable tools to aid orthodontists in treatment planning, they should be utilized in conjunction with clinical expertise to ensure optimal decision-making and patient care.

14.
Cureus ; 16(4): e57845, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590979

RESUMO

Orthodontic treatment during adolescence can contribute to the development of problematic eating disorders. This case study presents the situation of a 12-year-old male patient who experienced a prolonged period of dietary limitation, showed signs of chronic illness, and underwent a significant weight loss because of wearing dental braces. These circumstances triggered the emergence of atypical eating behaviors and complicated the therapeutic process. A case report highlights the effectiveness of conducting psychological evaluations for patients with braces who experience significant weight loss to address possible eating disorders. It also addressed the effectiveness of psychoeducation supportive therapy and nutritional rehabilitation for establishing regular eating patterns during orthodontic treatment. This case also illustrates the significant role of parents in offering emotional support and enhancing professional care. However, conducting extensive longitudinal studies is imperative to fully explore the relationship between orthodontic treatment and eating disorders.

15.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 74(3): 480-484, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591282

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the level of awareness towards orthodontic treatment among parents and teachers of middle school children. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted from July 2021 to May 2022 in the middle schools of Rawalpindi and Islamabad, Pak istan, after approval from the ethics review committee of the Foundation University College of Dentistry and Hospital, Foundation University, Islamabad. Those included were middle school teachers and parents of students studying in middle schools. Data was collected using a validated questionnaire that had 6 demographic and 5 sur vey ques tions. The fo rm was digiti zed for easy dissemination a mong parents. Data was analysed us ing SPSS 23. RESULTS: Of the 240 subjects, 120(50%) each were parents and teachers. Overall, there were 165(68.75%) females and 75(31.25%) males. Level of education and professional exposure were not significantly different between teachers and parents (p>0.05). There was no difference in the level of education and professional work experience between th e parents and teacher (p>0.05). Teachers showed a higher level of awaren ess than parents towards the role of orthodontist in tooth alignment (p=0.013), associated habits with malalignment of teeth (p=0.003), and that the most appropriate age for tre atment wa s 10-15 years (p≤0.0 01). Teach ers were more likely of the opinion tha t facial disharmony is treatable than parents (odds ratio: 1.599, 95% confidence interval: 0.572-4.467). CONCLUSIONS: Teachers showed a higher level of awareness than parents regarding orthodontic treatment of children.


Assuntos
Professores Escolares , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Cidades , Estudos Transversais , Pais , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
J Orthod ; : 14653125241245140, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587295

RESUMO

Meta-analysis is a statistical method used in systematic reviews to provide a quantitative estimate of the effect. However, including very few studies and participants may increase the risk of spurious findings. Trial sequential analysis (TSA) has been introduced to enhance the robustness of meta-analysis. TSA is a cumulative meta-analysis method that weighs type I and II errors while estimating the effect. The application of TSA can lead to a more accurate estimation of the clinical effectiveness of the intervention. The aim of the present paper was to introduce the TSA to orthodontic clinicians and researchers using continuous data from an orthodontic systematic review.

17.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 419, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is an increasing interest in information on the effects of orthodontic aligners on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of people. AIM: To compare the impact of orthodontic aligners versus conventional fixed appliances on OHRQoL, using a validated tool and controlling for sociodemographic and clinical variables. METHOD: Sixty-one individuals participated in this study. Group 1 (G1) consisted of 33 individuals under treatment with orthodontic aligners and Group 2 (G2) comprised 28 individuals under treatment with conventional fixed appliances. OHRQoL was evaluated with the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) in which 14 items are distributed across seven dimensions: functional limitation, physical pain, psychological discomfort, physical disability, psychological disability, social disability, and handicap. The higher the score, the more negative is the perception of the individual regarding his/her OHRQoL. Descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney test, and Poisson regression were performed. Effect Size (ES) and Minimal Clinically Important Difference (MCID) were also determined. RESULTS: Participants' mean age was 30.69 years. Individuals in G1 had a significantly lower score for physical pain and the total score of OHIP-14 compared to individuals in G2 (p < 0.05). The ES was large (ES = 0.74) for physical pain and moderate (ES = 0.46) for the total score. The ES was moderate for physical disability (ES = 0.50). The difference between groups for physical pain (1.30) and for physical disability (0.90) was greater than the MCID (0.87 and 0.88, respectively). Poisson regression showed that G2 individuals showed a score for physical pain 1.39 times higher than those of G1 in the adjusted model (OR = 1.39, [1.03-1.89], p = 0.031). CONCLUSION: Those under treatment with orthodontic aligners have a more positive perception of OHRQoL compared to those wearing fixed appliances.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Fixos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Dor
18.
Materials (Basel) ; 17(7)2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612033

RESUMO

Polishing after the removal of brackets is the final step in orthodontic treatment. It is simple to perform, though some studies have reported that polishing causes damage to the enamel surface. An in vitro study was made of the influence of the buccal surface convexity of the tooth upon possible enamel loss when the remaining resin and adhesive are removed after bracket decementing using two different polishing modes: a tungsten carbide bur at low and high speeds. The convexity of the buccal surface was quantified in 30 incisors and 30 premolars. A stereoscopic microscope was used to obtain photographs of the profile of the crown, and Image J software was used to calculate convexity by dividing the length of a line from the cementoenamel junction to the incisal margin by another line from the mentioned junction to the maximum convexity of the buccal surface. Brackets were cemented on all the teeth and were decemented 24 h later. In both groups, the residual composite was removed with a tungsten carbide bur at a low speed in one-half of the teeth and at a high speed in the other half. The buccal surface of each tooth was then photographed again, and the convexity was calculated and compared against the baseline value. The difference between the two values were taken to represent the enamel loss. The convexity of the premolars was significantly greater than that of the incisors, but this did not result in greater enamel loss when the same polishing mode was used. However, the tungsten carbide bur at a high speed proved more aggressive, causing significantly greater enamel loss than when used at a low speed.

19.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(5): 249, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607436

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To critically appraise and assess the currently observed evidence about the difference in orthodontic treatment duration between clear aligners and fixed appliances in crowding cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search without limitations was conducted from inception to June 2023 covering nine databases: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar, Trip, CINAHL via EBSCO, EMBASE via OVID and ProQuest. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and matched non-randomized studies were included in this systematic review. Risk of Bias was assessed via Cochrane's tool (RoB 2) for RCTs and ROBINS-I tool for non-randomized studies. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) framework was employed to evaluate the overall quality of evidence. RESULTS: Out of the 3537 articles initially identified, ten eligible studies were included in this systematic review; six were RCTs. Only one study offered extraction-based treatment, while the other nine adopted non-extraction treatments. According to the GRADE, there is low evidence that treatment duration in mild to moderate crowding cases with clear aligners is similar to that in fixed orthodontic appliances. Meta-analysis was not administered due to high inconsistency. CONCLUSIONS: Based on currently available information, there was no significant difference in the treatment duration between the CA and FA groups in mild to moderate crowding cases. Further well-performed RCTs, especially in severe cases, are required. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Time efficiency is an essential outcome measure for clinical orthodontic practice. While the type of appliance used is a critical determinant of treatment duration, orthodontists should be aware of other factors that can significantly impact treatment time, such as patient and treatment-related factors.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Removíveis , Humanos , Duração da Terapia , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Fixos
20.
J Dent Sci ; 19(2): 828-836, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38618134

RESUMO

Background/purpose: The number of middle-aged and elderly orthodontic patients is increasing due to changes in age composition. It is important to investigate the detailed mechanisms of bone remodeling in orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) in the elderly. However, there are few reports on the mechanism of tooth movement in the elderly. The purpose of the present study was to analyze OTM and osteoclastogenesis in aged mice and to elucidate the mechanism. Materials and methods: It has been reported that tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α plays an important role in osteoclast formation and OTM. First, 8-week-old and 78-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were subcutaneously injected with TNF-α into the calvaiae, and micro-CT, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining, and real-time PCR were performed to evaluate osteoclast formation and bone resorption. Furthermore, osteoclastogenesis by TNF-α and receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (RANKL) using bone marrow cells was evaluated in vitro. Finally, a nickel-titanium closed-coil spring was attached, mesial movement of the maxillary left first molar was performed, and tooth movement distance and osteoclast formation were evaluated. Results: Compared to 8-week-old mice, 78-week-old mice had decreased TNF-α-induced bone resorption, osteoclastogenesis, and TRAP and cathepsin K expression in the calvariae. In vitro osteoclast formation also decreased in 78-week-old mice. Furthermore, tooth movement distance and osteoclastogenesis were reduced. Conclusion: OTM decreased in aged mice, which was shown to be caused by a decrease in osteoclastogenesis. Therefore, it was suggested that it is necessary to keep in mind that tooth movement may be suppressed when treating elderly patients.

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