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1.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(2): 134-141, Mar-Abr. 2024. ilus, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-231893

RESUMO

Introducción: La grasa de las articulaciones sinoviales puede servir para el mantenimiento de la estructura articular. Nuestro objetivo es analizar la evolución de la degeneración articular en rodillas con y sin paquete adiposo. Material y metodología: En 6 ovejas se efectuó la sección del ligamento cruzado anterior en ambas rodillas, para provocar una artrosis. En un grupo se preservó el paquete adiposo y en otro grupo se extirpó completamente. Realizamos un estudio histológico y de biología molecular analizando la expresión, en la membrana sinovial, el hueso subcondral, cartílago, grasa, menisco y líquido sinovial, de RUNX2, PTHrP, catepsina-K y MCP1. Resultados: No encontramos diferencias morfológicas. Encontramos aumento de la expresión de RUNX2 en membrana sinovial, PTHrP y Catepsina K en líquido sinovial en el grupo sin grasa y aumento de la expresión RUNX2 en el menisco y MCP1 en líquido sinovial en el grupo con grasa. Conclusión: La grasa infrapatelar participa en el proceso inflamatorio que acompaña en la artrosis, pues la resección de la grasa de Hoffa altera los marcadores proinflamatorios, mientras que el modelo con la grasa intacta incrementa el marcador proinflamatorio MCP1 en líquido sinovial.(AU)


Introduction: The fat of the synovial joints can be used to maintain the joint structure. Our objective is to analyze the evolution of joint degeneration in knees with and without adipose pack. Material and methodology: In six sheep, the anterior cruciate ligament was sectioned in both knees, to cause osteoarthritis. In one group the fat pack was preserved and in another group it was completely removed. We performed a histological and molecular biology study analyzing the expression, in the synovial membrane, subchondral bone, cartilage, fat, meniscus, and synovial fluid, of RUNX2, PTHrP, cathepsin-K, and MCP1. Results: We did not find morphological differences. We found increased expression of RUNX2 in synovial membrane, PTHrP and Cathepsin K in synovial fluid in the group without fat, and increased expression of RUNX2 in the meniscus and MCP1 in synovial fluid in the group with fat. Conclusion: Infrapatellar fat participates in the inflammatory process that accompanies osteoarthritis, since Hoffa fat pad resection alters pro-inflammatory markers, while the model with intact fat increases the pro-inflammatory marker MCP1 in synovial fluid.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Joelho de Quadrúpedes/lesões , Líquido Sinovial , Cartilagem , Osteoartrite , Ovinos
2.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(2): T134-T141, Mar-Abr. 2024. ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231894

RESUMO

Introducción: La grasa de las articulaciones sinoviales puede servir para el mantenimiento de la estructura articular. Nuestro objetivo es analizar la evolución de la degeneración articular en rodillas con y sin paquete adiposo. Material y metodología: En 6 ovejas se efectuó la sección del ligamento cruzado anterior en ambas rodillas, para provocar una artrosis. En un grupo se preservó el paquete adiposo y en otro grupo se extirpó completamente. Realizamos un estudio histológico y de biología molecular analizando la expresión, en la membrana sinovial, el hueso subcondral, cartílago, grasa, menisco y líquido sinovial, de RUNX2, PTHrP, catepsina-K y MCP1. Resultados: No encontramos diferencias morfológicas. Encontramos aumento de la expresión de RUNX2 en membrana sinovial, PTHrP y Catepsina K en líquido sinovial en el grupo sin grasa y aumento de la expresión RUNX2 en el menisco y MCP1 en líquido sinovial en el grupo con grasa. Conclusión: La grasa infrapatelar participa en el proceso inflamatorio que acompaña en la artrosis, pues la resección de la grasa de Hoffa altera los marcadores proinflamatorios, mientras que el modelo con la grasa intacta incrementa el marcador proinflamatorio MCP1 en líquido sinovial.(AU)


Introduction: The fat of the synovial joints can be used to maintain the joint structure. Our objective is to analyze the evolution of joint degeneration in knees with and without adipose pack. Material and methodology: In six sheep, the anterior cruciate ligament was sectioned in both knees, to cause osteoarthritis. In one group the fat pack was preserved and in another group it was completely removed. We performed a histological and molecular biology study analyzing the expression, in the synovial membrane, subchondral bone, cartilage, fat, meniscus, and synovial fluid, of RUNX2, PTHrP, cathepsin-K, and MCP1. Results: We did not find morphological differences. We found increased expression of RUNX2 in synovial membrane, PTHrP and Cathepsin K in synovial fluid in the group without fat, and increased expression of RUNX2 in the meniscus and MCP1 in synovial fluid in the group with fat. Conclusion: Infrapatellar fat participates in the inflammatory process that accompanies osteoarthritis, since Hoffa fat pad resection alters pro-inflammatory markers, while the model with intact fat increases the pro-inflammatory marker MCP1 in synovial fluid.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Joelho de Quadrúpedes/lesões , Líquido Sinovial , Cartilagem , Osteoartrite , Ovinos
3.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(2): 142-150, Mar-Abr. 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-231895

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: Las luxaciones periastragalinas son una entidad poco frecuente (<1%) de las lesiones traumáticas del pie. Se produce una pérdida de relación anatómica entre astrágalo, calcáneo y escafoides. Solo hay pequeñas series publicadas. Material y métodos: Presentamos los casos de una serie de pacientes (N=13) con luxaciones periastragalinas en los que se realizó un análisis descriptivo de las principales variables epidemiológicas, clínicas y radiológicas, a partir de las cuales se propone un algoritmo de tratamiento urgente. Se excluyeron los casos con fracturas del cuello del astrágalo, cuerpo del calcáneo o fracturas-luxación de Chopart aisladas. Resultados: La mediana de edad fue de 48,5 años con predominio del sexo masculino (69,23%). Cinco pacientes sufrieron caídas-entorsis sobre el tobillo y los 8 restantes mecanismos de alta energía. Las luxaciones mediales (9) predominaron sobre las laterales (4). Además, 4 pacientes presentaron luxaciones abiertas, 2 de ellas tipo IIIC que precisaron amputación. Se solicitó TC en un 76,93% de pacientes y 10 presentaron lesiones óseas asociadas del pie. Se realizó cirugía mediante reducción abierta en todas las lesiones abiertas y en un caso en el que fracasó la reducción cerrada. Cinco pacientes precisaron fijador externo tipo delta. Se objetivó esclerosis subcondral articular en un 77,77% de los casos; si bien solo uno precisó artrodesis subtalar. Conclusiones: Las luxaciones periastragalinas son una urgencia traumatológica y precisan una reducción precoz e inmovilización posterior. La fijación externa temporal transarticular es una buena opción de inmovilización en luxaciones abiertas. Son lesiones graves con alta probabilidad de artrosis precoz.(AU)


Introduction and objectives: Subtalar dislocations are a rare entity (<1%) in traumatic foot injuries. There is a loss of anatomical relationship between the talus, calcaneus and scaphoid. There are only small-published series. Material and methods: We present a series of patients (N=13) with subtalar dislocations in which a descriptive analysis of the main epidemiological, clinical and radiological variables was carried out, from which an urgent treatment algorithm is proposed. Cases with fractures of the neck of the talus, body of the calcaneus, or isolated Chopart fracture-dislocations were excluded. Results: The median age was 48.5 years with a predominance of males (69.23%). Five patients suffered falls or sprained ankles and the other eight suffered high-energy mechanisms. The medial dislocations (nine) predominated over the lateral ones (four). In addition, four patients presented open dislocations, two of them type IIIC that required amputation. CT scans were requested in 76.93% of patients and 10 presented associated bone lesions of the foot. Open reduction surgery was performed in all open lesions and in one case in which closed reduction failed. Five patients required a delta-type external fixator. Subchondral articular sclerosis was observed in 77.77% of cases; although only one required subtalar arthrodesis. Conclusions: Subtalar dislocations are a traumatic emergency that require early reduction and subsequent immobilization. Transarticular temporary external fixation is a good immobilization option in open dislocations. They are serious lesions with a high probability of early osteoarthritis.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tálus , Luxações Articulares , Osteoartrite , Articulação Talocalcânea , Traumatologia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos
4.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(2): T142-T150, Mar-Abr. 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231896

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: Las luxaciones periastragalinas son una entidad poco frecuente (<1%) de las lesiones traumáticas del pie. Se produce una pérdida de relación anatómica entre astrágalo, calcáneo y escafoides. Solo hay pequeñas series publicadas. Material y métodos: Presentamos los casos de una serie de pacientes (N=13) con luxaciones periastragalinas en los que se realizó un análisis descriptivo de las principales variables epidemiológicas, clínicas y radiológicas, a partir de las cuales se propone un algoritmo de tratamiento urgente. Se excluyeron los casos con fracturas del cuello del astrágalo, cuerpo del calcáneo o fracturas-luxación de Chopart aisladas. Resultados: La mediana de edad fue de 48,5 años con predominio del sexo masculino (69,23%). Cinco pacientes sufrieron caídas-entorsis sobre el tobillo y los 8 restantes mecanismos de alta energía. Las luxaciones mediales (9) predominaron sobre las laterales (4). Además, 4 pacientes presentaron luxaciones abiertas, 2 de ellas tipo IIIC que precisaron amputación. Se solicitó TC en un 76,93% de pacientes y 10 presentaron lesiones óseas asociadas del pie. Se realizó cirugía mediante reducción abierta en todas las lesiones abiertas y en un caso en el que fracasó la reducción cerrada. Cinco pacientes precisaron fijador externo tipo delta. Se objetivó esclerosis subcondral articular en un 77,77% de los casos; si bien solo uno precisó artrodesis subtalar. Conclusiones: Las luxaciones periastragalinas son una urgencia traumatológica y precisan una reducción precoz e inmovilización posterior. La fijación externa temporal transarticular es una buena opción de inmovilización en luxaciones abiertas. Son lesiones graves con alta probabilidad de artrosis precoz.(AU)


Introduction and objectives: Subtalar dislocations are a rare entity (<1%) in traumatic foot injuries. There is a loss of anatomical relationship between the talus, calcaneus and scaphoid. There are only small-published series. Material and methods: We present a series of patients (N=13) with subtalar dislocations in which a descriptive analysis of the main epidemiological, clinical and radiological variables was carried out, from which an urgent treatment algorithm is proposed. Cases with fractures of the neck of the talus, body of the calcaneus, or isolated Chopart fracture-dislocations were excluded. Results: The median age was 48.5 years with a predominance of males (69.23%). Five patients suffered falls or sprained ankles and the other eight suffered high-energy mechanisms. The medial dislocations (nine) predominated over the lateral ones (four). In addition, four patients presented open dislocations, two of them type IIIC that required amputation. CT scans were requested in 76.93% of patients and 10 presented associated bone lesions of the foot. Open reduction surgery was performed in all open lesions and in one case in which closed reduction failed. Five patients required a delta-type external fixator. Subchondral articular sclerosis was observed in 77.77% of cases; although only one required subtalar arthrodesis. Conclusions: Subtalar dislocations are a traumatic emergency that require early reduction and subsequent immobilization. Transarticular temporary external fixation is a good immobilization option in open dislocations. They are serious lesions with a high probability of early osteoarthritis.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tálus , Luxações Articulares , Osteoartrite , Articulação Talocalcânea , Traumatologia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos
5.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(2): T151-T158, Mar-Abr. 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231898

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: Las luxaciones periastragalinas son una entidad poco frecuente (<1%) de las lesiones traumáticas del pie. Se produce una pérdida de relación anatómica entre astrágalo, calcáneo y escafoides. Solo hay pequeñas series publicadas. Material y métodos: Presentamos los casos de una serie de pacientes (N=13) con luxaciones periastragalinas en los que se realizó un análisis descriptivo de las principales variables epidemiológicas, clínicas y radiológicas, a partir de las cuales se propone un algoritmo de tratamiento urgente. Se excluyeron los casos con fracturas del cuello del astrágalo, cuerpo del calcáneo o fracturas-luxación de Chopart aisladas. Resultados: La mediana de edad fue de 48,5 años con predominio del sexo masculino (69,23%). Cinco pacientes sufrieron caídas-entorsis sobre el tobillo y los 8 restantes mecanismos de alta energía. Las luxaciones mediales (9) predominaron sobre las laterales (4). Además, 4 pacientes presentaron luxaciones abiertas, 2 de ellas tipo IIIC que precisaron amputación. Se solicitó TC en un 76,93% de pacientes y 10 presentaron lesiones óseas asociadas del pie. Se realizó cirugía mediante reducción abierta en todas las lesiones abiertas y en un caso en el que fracasó la reducción cerrada. Cinco pacientes precisaron fijador externo tipo delta. Se objetivó esclerosis subcondral articular en un 77,77% de los casos; si bien solo uno precisó artrodesis subtalar. Conclusiones: Las luxaciones periastragalinas son una urgencia traumatológica y precisan una reducción precoz e inmovilización posterior. La fijación externa temporal transarticular es una buena opción de inmovilización en luxaciones abiertas. Son lesiones graves con alta probabilidad de artrosis precoz.(AU)


Introduction and objectives: Subtalar dislocations are a rare entity (<1%) in traumatic foot injuries. There is a loss of anatomical relationship between the talus, calcaneus and scaphoid. There are only small-published series. Material and methods: We present a series of patients (N=13) with subtalar dislocations in which a descriptive analysis of the main epidemiological, clinical and radiological variables was carried out, from which an urgent treatment algorithm is proposed. Cases with fractures of the neck of the talus, body of the calcaneus, or isolated Chopart fracture-dislocations were excluded. Results: The median age was 48.5 years with a predominance of males (69.23%). Five patients suffered falls or sprained ankles and the other eight suffered high-energy mechanisms. The medial dislocations (nine) predominated over the lateral ones (four). In addition, four patients presented open dislocations, two of them type IIIC that required amputation. CT scans were requested in 76.93% of patients and 10 presented associated bone lesions of the foot. Open reduction surgery was performed in all open lesions and in one case in which closed reduction failed. Five patients required a delta-type external fixator. Subchondral articular sclerosis was observed in 77.77% of cases; although only one required subtalar arthrodesis. Conclusions: Subtalar dislocations are a traumatic emergency that require early reduction and subsequent immobilization. Transarticular temporary external fixation is a good immobilization option in open dislocations. They are serious lesions with a high probability of early osteoarthritis.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Tálus , Luxações Articulares , Osteoartrite , Articulação Talocalcânea , Traumatologia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630249

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Surgical options for patients with unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis include high tibial osteotomy (HTO) or unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). When managing younger patients with a higher chance of further surgery, the outcome of any subsequent conversion to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) also needs to be considered. The aim of this study was to compare implant survivorship and patient-reported outcomes for patients undergoing TKA after previous HTO or UKA, with comparisons for age, gender and comorbidities. METHODS: Revision risk and 6-month Oxford Knee Scores (OKS) from the New Zealand Joint Registry were compared for patients who underwent TKA after HTO (HTO-TKA; n = 1556) or UKA (UKA-TKA; n = 965) between 1999 and 2019, with a comparison group of primary TKA (n = 110,948). Mean follow-up was 8.2 years. RESULTS: Adjusted revision risk was similar for HTO-TKA and UKA-TKA groups (hazard ratio (HR) 1.04, p = 0.84); and risk for both groups were higher than primary TKA (HTO-TKA HR 1.45, p = 0.002; UKA-TKA HR 1.51, p = 0.01). Overall adjusted mean OKS at 6 months for HTO-TKA (36.2) was similar to primary TKA (36.8, p = 0.23); and both were higher than UKA-TKA (34.2, p < 0.001). For the youngest patient group (< 55 years), revision rates of UKA-TKA were two-fold higher than HTO-TKA (2.8 vs. 1.3 per 100 component yrs, p < 0.03). HTO-TKA had better OKS (37.5 vs. 34.1, p < 0.0001) for males. Mean OKS for UKA-TKA was lower than HTO-TKA for patients with ASA 1-2 (35.6 vs. 37.5, p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The findings from this study suggest that revision rate following TKA after HTO and UKA are similar. However, TKA after HTO have superior functional outcomes compared with TKA after UKA and are comparable to functional outcomes post primary TKA. The results support the use of HTO for young, male and less co-morbid patients.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630252

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The optimal lower-limb alignment after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) remains controversial. This study aimed to investigate the optimal lower-limb alignment for functional improvement in the early post-UKA period. We hypothesized that a small change (Δ) in the arithmetic hip-knee-ankle (aHKA) angle during surgery would result in better postoperative knee function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-centered, retrospective study analyzed 91 patients (91 knees) who underwent UKA from April 2021 and December 2022. Preoperative and postoperative standing whole-leg radiographs were used to evaluate the mechanical HKA angle and aHKA angle. The aHKA angle was calculated from the medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA) and lateral distal femoral angle (LDFA). We defined restored aHKA angle as a postoperative aHKA angle within ± 3° of the preoperative aHKA angle. Functional improvement was evaluated using the preoperative and one-year postoperative Knee Society Scoring 2011 (KSS 2011). A multivariate regression analysis was performed to investigate the optimal lower-limb alignment for functional improvement. RESULT: Postoperative restored aHKA angle (p = 0.020) was the only significant factor for improved KSS 2011 scores. Postoperative restored aHKA angle was obtained in 64 patients (70%). ΔMPTA (p < 0.001) and ΔLDFA (p = 0.037) were significant factors associated with a postoperative restored aHKA angle. CONCLUSIONS: UKA restores the native knee, including resurfacing constitutional alignment and medial collateral ligament tension. Minimal change in the aHKA angle during UKA improves the functional outcomes of the knee during the early postoperative period, consistent with the minimally invasive surgical concept of UKA.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630251

RESUMO

Cartilage restoration or repair, also known as orthobiologic therapy, is indicated after the failure of conservative or supportive treatment. However, there is paucity in evidence supporting the efficacy of orthobiologic therapy. The blood-derived products, such as platelet-rich plasma (PRP), is one of the commonly used orthobiologic therapy for knee osteoarthritis. Several studies have shown that PRP is superior to other treatments, but the anatomic changes are scarce. Treatment with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) offers the greatest potential for curing degenerative disease due to their self-renewal ability, ability to migrate towards injured tissues (homing/trafficking), and ability to promote repair and regeneration of osteochondral defects. However, ethical concerns and high costs remain major challenges associated with MSC therapy. Gene therapy, another promising orthobiologic therapy, is currently in phase II clinical trial and has shown promising results. The key factors for successful orthobiologic therapy include patient selection, appropriate dosing, treatment of underlying mechanical problems, age, severity, and cost-effectiveness.

9.
ACS Nano ; 18(15): 10625-10641, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563322

RESUMO

Development of nanomedicines that can collaboratively scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inhibit inflammatory cytokines, along with osteogenesis promotion, is essential for efficient osteoarthritis (OA) treatment. Herein, we report the design of a ROS-responsive nanomedicine formulation based on fibronectin (FN)-coated polymer nanoparticles (NPs) loaded with azabisdimethylphoaphonate-terminated phosphorus dendrimers (G4-TBP). The constructed G4-TBP NPs-FN with a size of 268 nm are stable under physiological conditions, can be specifically taken up by macrophages through the FN-mediated targeting, and can be dissociated in the oxidative inflammatory microenvironment. The G4-TBP NPs-FN loaded with G4-TBP dendrimer having intrinsic anti-inflammatory property and FN having both anti-inflammatory and antioxidative properties display integrated functions of ROS scavenging, hypoxia attenuation, and macrophage M2 polarization, thus protecting macrophages from apoptosis and creating designed bone immune microenvironment for stem cell osteogenic differentiation. These characteristics of the G4-TBP NPs-FN lead to their effective treatment of an OA model in vivo to reduce pathological changes of joints including synovitis inhibition and cartilage matrix degradation and simultaneously promote osteogenic differentiation for bone repair. The developed nanomedicine formulation combining the advantages of both bioactive phosphorus dendrimers and FN to treat OA may be developed for immunomodulatory therapy of different inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Dendrímeros , Nanopartículas , Osteoartrite , Humanos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Osteogênese , Dendrímeros/uso terapêutico , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Fósforo/uso terapêutico
10.
Vet J ; 305: 106104, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580157

RESUMO

We are writing to express our interest in the article entitled "Laboratory safety evaluation of bedinvetmab, a canine anti-nerve growth factor monoclonal antibody, in dogs", published in the October, 2021 issue of The Veterinary Journal, Volume 276, 105733, by Krautmann and others.

11.
Neuroimage ; 292: 120599, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608799

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate altered static and dynamic functional network connectivity (FNC) and its correlation with clinical symptoms in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). One hundred and fifty-nine patients with KOA and 73 age- and gender-matched healthy subjects (HS) underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) and clinical evaluations. Group independent component analysis (GICA) was applied, and seven resting-state networks were identified. Patients with KOA had decreased static FNC within the default mode network (DM), visual network (VS), and cerebellar network (CB) and increased static FNC between the subcortical network (SC) and VS (p < 0.05, FDR corrected). Four reoccurring FNC states were identified using k-means clustering analysis. Although abnormalities in dynamic FNCs of KOA patients have been found using the common window size (22 TR, 44 s), but the results of the clustering analysis were inconsistent when using different window sizes, suggesting dynamic FNCs might be an unstable method to compare brain function between KOA patients and HS. These recent findings illustrate that patients with KOA have a wide range of abnormalities in the static and dynamic FNCs, which provided a reference for the identification of potential central nervous therapeutic targets for KOA treatment and might shed light on the other musculoskeletal pain neuroimaging studies.

12.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 282, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609896

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Ferritin heavy chain 1 (FTH1) is an important subunit of ferro-storing proteins and is indispensable for iron metabolism. Though it has been extensively studied in numerous organs and diseases, the relationship between FTH1 and osteoarthritis (OA) is unclear. DESIGN: Primary murine chondrocytes and cartilage explants were treated with FTH1 siRNA for 72 h. Mice were injected with adenovirus expressing FTH1 after destabilized medial meniscus (DMM) surgery. These approaches were used to determine the effect of FTH1 expression on the pathophysiology of OA. RESULTS: FTH1 expression was down regulated in OA patients and mice after DMM surgery. Knock down of FTH1 induced articular cartilage damage and extracellular matrix degradation in cartilage explants. Further, over expression of FTH1 reduced the susceptibility of chondrocytes to ferroptosis and reversed decrements in SOX9 and aggrecan after DMM surgery. Moreover, FTH1 relieved OA by inhibition of the chondrocyte MAPK pathway. CONCLUSION: This study found FTH1 to play an essential role in extracellular matrix degradation, ferroptosis, and chondrocytes senescence during OA progression. Further, injection of adenovirus expressing FTH1 may be a potential strategy for OA prevention and therapy.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Adenoviridae/genética , Agrecanas , Condrócitos , Matriz Extracelular , Ferritinas , Osteoartrite/genética , Oxirredutases
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(4): 1007-1016, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621908

RESUMO

Chondrocytes are unique resident cells in the articular cartilage, and the pathological changes of them can lead to the occurrence of osteoarthritis(OA). Ligusticum cycloprolactam(LIGc) are derivatives of Z-ligustilide(LIG), a pharmacodynamic marker of Angelica sinensis, which has various biological functions such as anti-inflammation and inhibition of cell apoptosis. However, its protective effect on chondrocytes in the case of OA and the underlying mechanism remain unclear. This study conducted in vitro experiments to explore the molecular mechanism of LIGc in protecting chondrocytes from OA. The inflammation model of rat OA chondrocyte model was established by using interleukin-1ß(IL-1ß) to induce. LIGc alone and combined with glycyrrhizic acid(GA), a blocker of the high mobility group box-1 protein(HMGB1)/Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4)/nuclear factor-kappa B(NF-κB) signaling pathway, were used to intervene in the model, and the therapeutic effects were systematically evaluated. The viability of chondrocytes treated with different concentrations of LIGc was measured by the cell counting kit-8(CCK-8), and the optimal LIGc concentration was screened out. Annexin V-FITC/PI apoptosis detection kit was employed to examine the apoptosis of chondrocytes in each group. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was employed to measure the expression of cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2), prostaglandin-2(PGE2), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-α) in the supernatant of chondrocytes in each group. Western blot was employed to determine the protein levels of B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein(Bax), caspase-3, HMGB1, TLR4, and NF-κB p65. The mRNA levels of HMGB1, TLR4, NF-κB p65, and myeloid differentiation factor 88(MyD88) in chondrocytes were determined by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR(RT-qPCR). The safe concentration range of LIGc on chondrocytes was determined by CCK-8, and then the optimal concentration of LIGc for exerting the effect was clarified. Under the intervention of IL-1ß, the rat chondrocyte model of OA was successfully established. The modeled chondrocytes showed increased apoptosis rate, promoted expression of COX-2, PGE2, and TNF-α, up-regulated protein levels of Bax, caspase-3, HMGB1, TLR4, and NF-κB p65 and mRNA levels of HMGB1, TLR4, NF-κB p65, and MyD88, and down-regulated protein level of Bcl-2. However, LIGc reversed the IL-1ß-induced changes of the above factors. Moreover, LIGc combined with GA showed more significant reversal effect than LIGc alone. These fin-dings indicate that LIGc extracted and derived from the traditional Chinese medicine A. sinensis can inhibit the inflammatory response of chondrocytes and reduce the apoptosis of chondrocytes, and this effect may be related to the HMGB1/TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway. The pharmacological effect of LIGc on protecting chondrocytes has potential value in delaying the progression of OA and improving the clinical symptoms of patients, and deserves further study.


Assuntos
Proteína HMGB1 , Ligusticum , Osteoartrite , Humanos , Ratos , Animais , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Condrócitos , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/genética , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Proteína HMGB1/genética , Proteína HMGB1/metabolismo , Proteína HMGB1/farmacologia , Dinoprostona , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Inflamação/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoartrite/genética , Apoptose , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(6): 1661-1672, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621950

RESUMO

This study assesses the status of outcome measures in the randomized controlled trial(RCT) involving the kidney-tonif-ying and blood-activating method for treating knee osteoarthritis(KOA), aiming to establish a theoretical foundation for the development of a core set of outcome measures in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) treatment of KOA. The relevant articles were retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science, in addition to ClinicalTrials.gov and the China Clinical Trial Registration Center, with the time interval from inception to August 2023. The RCT of treating KOA with the kidney-tonifying and blood-activating method was included. Two assessors independently conducted literature screening, data collection, and qualitative analysis to compile the outcome measure results. A total of 350 RCTs were included, involving 165 outcome measures with the total frequency of 1 462. These outcome measures were categorized into six domains: symptom and sign measures(23) with the frequency of 718(49.1%), TCM symptom and syndrome measures(3) with the frequency of 53(3.6%), physical examination measures(130) with the frequency of 506(34.6%), quality of life measures(4) with the frequency of 20(1.3%), long-term efficacy measures(2) with the frequency of 6(0.4%), and safety measures(3) with the frequency of 159(10.9%). Additionally, 53 studies used TCM syndrome and symptom scores as indicators of efficacy, employing eight distinct measurement tools. The RCTs involving the kidney-tonifying and blood-activating method for treating KOA had a variety of problems, such as unclear prio-ritization of outcome measures, diversity in measurement tools, absence of standardized assessment criteria for specific measures, and non-standardized usage. These problems affected the research quality and reliability. Hence, it is advisable to draw upon international expertise, improve research design, and merge TCM efficacy characteristics with clinical research to establish a core set of KOA outcome measures aligned with TCM principles.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/tratamento farmacológico , Qualidade de Vida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Rim , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 241, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622668

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) play an important role in osteoarthritis (OA). However, the role of circRNA in OA is still unclear. Here, we explored the role and mechanism of circ_0044235 in OA. METHODS: CHON-001 cells were treated with IL-1ß to establish OA model in vitro. The levels of circ_0044235, miR-375 and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) regulatory subunit 3 (PIK3R3) were detected by quantitative real-time PCR. Cell count kit-8 assay and flow cytometry assay were used to detect cell viability and apoptosis. The concentrations of inflammation factors were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Western blot was used to detect protein levels. The interaction between miR-375 and circ_0044235 or PIK3R3 was analyzed by dual-luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation assay. RESULTS: Circ_0044235 was significantly decreased in OA cartilage tissue and IL-1ß-treated CHON-001 cells. Overexpression of circ_0044235 promoted IL-1ß-stimulated CHON-001 cell viability and inhibited apoptosis, inflammation, and extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation. In mechanism analysis, circ_0044235 could act as a sponge for miR-375 and positively regulate PIK3R3 expression. In addition, miR-375 ameliorated the effect of circ_0044235 overexpression on IL-1ß-mediated CHON-001 cells injury. In addition, miR-375 inhibition mitigated IL-1ß-induced CHON-001 cell injury, while PIK3R3 silencing restored the effect. CONCLUSION: Circ_0044235 knockdown alleviated IL-1ß-induced chondrocytes injury by regulating miR-375/PIK3R3 axis, confirming that circ_0044235 might be a potential target for OA treatment.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Osteoartrite , Humanos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Osteoartrite/genética , Inflamação , Apoptose/genética , Condrócitos , Interleucina-1beta/genética , MicroRNAs/genética
16.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38624135

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a persistent inflammatory disease, and long-term clinical treatment often leads to side effects. In this study, we evaluated pterostilbene (PT), a natural anti-inflammatory substance, for its protective effects and safety during prolonged use on OA. Results showed that PT alleviated the loss of chondrocytes and widened the narrow joint space in an octacalcium phosphate (OCP)-induced OA mouse model (n = 3). In vitro experiments demonstrate that PT reduced NLRP3 inflammation activation (relative protein expression: C: 1 ± 0.09, lipopolysaccharide (LPS): 1.14 ± 0.07, PT: 0.91 ± 0.07, LPS + PT: 0.68 ± 0.04) and the release of inflammatory cytokines through NF-κB signaling inactivation (relative protein expression: C: 1 ± 0.03, LPS: 3.49 ± 0.02, PT: 0.66 ± 0.08, LPS + PT: 2.78 ± 0.05), ultimately preventing cartilage catabolism. Interestingly, PT also altered gut microbiota by reducing inflammation-associated flora and increasing the abundance of healthy bacteria in OA groups. Collectively, these results suggest that the PT can be considered as a protective strategy for OA.

17.
J Hand Surg Am ; 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625067

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Trapeziometacarpal (TM) arthrodesis may increase adduction motion of the thumb metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint, causing radial collateral ligament laxity. Stability of the MCP joint is important to the long-term functional outcome after TM arthrodesis. This study assessed preoperative and postoperative radial collateral ligament laxity using dynamic radiographs to confirm whether laxity was exacerbated after surgery and examined whether there is a relationship between the fixation angle of arthrodesis and the degree of laxity. METHODS: Forty-four thumbs in 33 patients who underwent TM arthrodesis and were followed for at least 5 years were studied. Dynamic radiographs in radial adduction-abduction and palmar adduction-abduction were obtained. We defined the midpoint of arc of motion as the fixation angle of arthrodesis in the radial and palmar planes. We measured the intersection angle between longitudinal axis of the first metacarpal (M1) and that of thumb proximal phalanx (P1). P1M1 angle in a palmar adduction view of dynamic radiographs reflected radial collateral ligament laxity in palmar adduction (adduction P1M1 angle). We subtracted a preoperative adduction P1M1 angle from a postoperative adduction P1M1 angle and defined its value as an exacerbated adduction P1M1 angle. RESULTS: Adduction P1M1 angle increased from 9° ± 5° to 18° ± 10°. The median exacerbated adduction P1M1 angle was 7°. Ten thumbs (23%) developed ulnar subluxation of MCP joint in the palmar adduction view of dynamic radiographs. Among them, two thumbs developed osteoarthritis of MCP joint (5%). Fixation angle of the arthrodesis was a mean of 35° ± 7° and 32° ± 9° in the radial arc and palmar arc planes, respectively. There was a positive correlation between increasing adduction P1M1 angle and TM arthrodesis in an increasingly palmarly abducted position. CONCLUSIONS: Radial collateral ligament laxity of thumb MCP joint was exacerbated after TM arthrodesis. Greater fixation angle in palmar abduction resulted in more laxity of the joint. TYPE OF STUDY/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Prognostic IV.

18.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 247, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38632625

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study aims to evaluate the accuracy of an MRI-based artificial intelligence (AI) segmentation cartilage model by comparing it to the natural tibial plateau cartilage. METHODS: This study included 33 patients (41 knees) with severe knee osteoarthritis scheduled to undergo total knee arthroplasty (TKA). All patients had a thin-section MRI before TKA. Our study is mainly divided into two parts: (i) In order to evaluate the MRI-based AI segmentation cartilage model's 2D accuracy, the natural tibial plateau was used as gold standard. The MRI-based AI segmentation cartilage model and the natural tibial plateau were represented in binary visualization (black and white) simulated photographed images by the application of Simulation Photography Technology. Both simulated photographed images were compared to evaluate the 2D Dice similarity coefficients (DSC). (ii) In order to evaluate the MRI-based AI segmentation cartilage model's 3D accuracy. Hand-crafted cartilage model based on knee CT was established. We used these hand-crafted CT-based knee cartilage model as gold standard to evaluate 2D and 3D consistency of between the MRI-based AI segmentation cartilage model and hand-crafted CT-based cartilage model. 3D registration technology was used for both models. Correlations between the MRI-based AI knee cartilage model and CT-based knee cartilage model were also assessed with the Pearson correlation coefficient. RESULTS: The AI segmentation cartilage model produced reasonably high two-dimensional DSC. The average 2D DSC between MRI-based AI cartilage model and the tibial plateau cartilage is 0.83. The average 2D DSC between the AI segmentation cartilage model and the CT-based cartilage model is 0.82. As for 3D consistency, the average 3D DSC between MRI-based AI cartilage model and CT-based cartilage model is 0.52. However, the quantification of cartilage segmentation with the AI and CT-based models showed excellent correlation (r = 0.725; P values < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that our MRI-based AI cartilage model can reliably extract morphologic features such as cartilage shape and defect location of the tibial plateau cartilage. This approach could potentially benefit clinical practices such as diagnosing osteoarthritis. However, in terms of cartilage thickness and three-dimensional accuracy, MRI-based AI cartilage model underestimate the actual cartilage volume. The previous AI verification methods may not be completely accurate and should be verified with natural cartilage images. Combining multiple verification methods will improve the accuracy of the AI model.

19.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 26(1): 88, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38632649

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between osteoarthritis (OA) and hypertension is a subject of ongoing debate in observational research, and the underlying causal relationship between them remains elusive. METHODS: This study retrospectively included 24,871 participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2013 to 2020. Weighted logistic regression was performed to investigate the connection between OA and hypertension. Additionally, Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis was conducted to explore the potential causal relationship between OA and hypertension. RESULTS: In the NHANES data, after adjusting for multiple confounding factors, there was no significant relationship between OA and hypertension (OR 1.30, 95% CI, 0.97-1.73, P = 0.089). However, among males, OA appeared to be associated with a higher risk of hypertension (OR 2.25, 95% CI, 1.17-4.32, P = 0.019). Furthermore, MR results indicate no relationship between multiple OA phenotypes and hypertension: knee OA (IVW, OR 1.024, 95% CI: 0.931-1.126, P = 0.626), hip OA (IVW, OR 0.990, 95% CI: 0.941-1.042, P = 0.704), knee or hip OA (IVW, OR 1.005, 95% CI: 0.915-1.105, P = 0.911), and OA from UK Biobank (IVW, OR 0.796, 95% CI: 0.233-2.714, P = 0.715). Importantly, these findings remained consistent across different genders and in reverse MR. CONCLUSIONS: Our study found that OA patients had a higher risk of hypertension only among males in the observational study. However, MR analysis did not uncover any causal relationship between OA and hypertension.

20.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38632852

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis is characterized by enzymatic breakdown of the articular cartilage via the disruption of chondrocyte homeostasis, ultimately resulting in the destruction of the articular surface. Decades of research have highlighted the importance of inflammation in osteoarthritis progression, with inflammatory cytokines shifting resident chondrocytes into a pro-catabolic state. Inflammation can result in poor outcomes for cells implanted for cartilage regeneration. Therefore, a method to promote the growth of new cartilage and protect the implanted cells from the pro-inflammatory cytokines found in the joint space is required. In this study, we fabricate two gel types: polymer network hydrogels composed of chondroitin sulfate and hyaluronic acid, glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) known for their anti-inflammatory and prochondrogenic activity, and interpenetrating networks of GAGs and collagen I. Compared to a collagen-only hydrogel, which does not provide an anti-inflammatory stimulus, chondrocytes in GAG hydrogels result in reduced production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and enzymes as well as preservation of collagen II and aggrecan expression. Overall, GAG-based hydrogels have the potential to promote cartilage regeneration under pro-inflammatory conditions. Further, the data have implications for the use of GAGs to generally support tissue engineering in pro-inflammatory environments.

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