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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38839547

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge of pregnant women and the clinical management of hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn, as well as to describe the gestational profile, risk factors and socio-epidemiological profile of pregnant women treated at two municipal health units in Belém (Pará, Brazil). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analytical study, which consisted in the application of questionnaires to pregnant women who underwent prenatal care at the municipal health units. RESULTS: A total of 104 pregnant women were evaluated; most were aged between 24 and 29 years old, had high school degrees (38 %), family incomes between 1 and 2 minimum wages (45 %) and blood type O+ (43 %). Regarding the gestational profile, the participants were predominantly in the third trimester of pregnancy (49 %), started prenatal care in the first gestational trimester (81 %) and were primiparous (61 %). Failures in the management of prenatal care were observed, especially with regard to access to information about the disease, since most pregnant women did not receive information about blood incompatibility during prenatal care. This led to limited knowledge about the pathology of the disease evidenced by the fact that most of the correct answers were between Questions 0-4, which were significantly associated with the women's education and income. CONCLUSIONS: Although hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn is serious, the pregnant women in this study demonstrated little knowledge about the disease and had inadequate care by health professionals, reinforcing the importance of improving care for women's health and prenatal care.

2.
JMIR Form Res ; 8: e50087, 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843520

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the global increase of cesarean deliveries, breech presentation is the third indication for elective cesarean delivery. Implementation of external cephalic version (ECV), in which the position of the baby is manipulated externally to prevent breech presentation at term, remains suboptimal. Increasing knowledge for caretakers and patients is beneficial in the uptake of ECV implementation. In recent decades, the internet has become the most important source of information for both patients and health care professionals. However, the use and availability of the internet also bring about concerns since the information is often not regulated or reviewed. Information needs to be understandable, correct, and easily obtainable for the patient. Owing to its global reach, YouTube has great potential to both hinder and support spreading medical information and can therefore be used as a tool for shared decision-making. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the available information on YouTube about ECV and assess the quality and usefulness of the information in the videos. METHODS: A YouTube search was performed with five search terms and the first 35 results were selected for analysis. A quality assessment scale was developed to quantify the accuracy of medical information of each video. The main outcome measure was the usefulness score, dividing the videos into useful, slightly useful, and not useful categories. The source of upload was divided into five subcategories and two broad categories of medical or nonmedical. Secondary outcomes included audience engagement, misinformation, and encouraging or discouraging ECV. RESULTS: Among the 70 videos, only 14% (n=10) were defined as useful. Every useful video was uploaded by educational channels or health care professionals and 80% (8/10) were derived from a medical source. Over half of the not useful videos were uploaded by birth attendants and vloggers. Videos uploaded by birth attendants scored the highest on audience engagement. The presence of misinformation was low across all groups. Two-thirds of the vloggers encouraged ECV to their viewers. CONCLUSIONS: A minor percentage of videos about ECV on YouTube are considered useful. Vloggers often encourage their audience to opt for ECV. Videos with higher audience engagement had a lower usefulness score compared to videos with lower audience engagement. Sources from medically accurate videos should cooperate with sources with high audience engagement to contribute to the uptake of ECV by creating more awareness and a positive attitude of the procedure, thereby lowering the chance for a cesarean delivery due to breech presentation at term.

3.
Spec Care Dentist ; 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38838048

RESUMO

AIMS: The quality of prenatal dental services is essential for improving the oral health of both mothers and children. However, a lack of a reliable tool to assess the quality of prenatal oral care has hindered research in this area. To address this gap, the study aimed to validate the Organizational Determinants of Prenatal Dental Services Questionnaire (OD_PDS) in Iranian pregnant women. METHODS: Literature reviews, interviews, and a cross-sectional survey with 300 pregnant women were conducted. To evaluate the validity; face, content and construct validity were assessed. Cronbach's alpha coefficient and the Test-retest method were used for reliability assessment. RESULTS: The final version of the OD_PDS comprises 12 items, and four subscales, which are Costs (four items), Access to Equipment and services (three items), Review of the service delivery process (two items), and Professional Behavior (three items). Questions with a factor loading of less than 0.3 were excluded. The obtained fit indices were acceptable (X2/pdf = 3.383, RMSEA: 0.089, CFI = 0.869, and TLI = 0.820). The content reliability was demonstrated by Cronbach's α  = 0.702 and 0.713 and the ICC  =  0.724. CONCLUSION: The current study indicates that the OD_PDS is a valid and reliable tool for Prenatal Dental Services assessment in health centers.

4.
Environ Int ; 189: 108797, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38838486

RESUMO

Benzophenone (BP)-type UV filters are commonly added to sunscreens and cosmetics to protect against UV radiation for human skin and hair. As a result, BPs are ubiquitous in the environment and human body, and their endocrine-disrupting characteristics have been a hot topic of discussion. However, our knowledge regarding the detrimental effects of prenatal exposure to BPs on pregnant women and their offspring remains limited. To fill this gap, we determined five BP derivatives in 600 serum samples obtained from pregnant women. All the target analytes, except 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone (BP-1), have achieved a 100 % detection rate. The most prevalent compound was 2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone (BP-3), with a median concentration of 0.545 ng/mL. Significant and positive correlations were observed among BP derivatives, indicating both endogenous metabolism and common external sources. Utilizing Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR) and quantile-based g-computation (QGC) models, we found relationships between BP exposure and reduced neonatal birth weight (BW) and birth chest circumference (BC) during the third trimester. Notably, the adverse effect of BPs on birth size was sex-specific. Moreover, triglyceride (TG) was identified as a potential mediator of the effect of BPs on blood pressure, and co-exposure to BPs was linked to disruptions in thyroid hormone levels and glucose regulation. Further research is warranted to unravel the toxicity of BPs and their detrimental effects on pregnant women and fetuses.

5.
Patient Prefer Adherence ; 18: 1027-1038, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38826504

RESUMO

Purpose: Pregnant women witness many changes in the body as well as in the oral cavity with many factors influencing these changes. This study evaluated the relationship between oral health status, perceptions, and pregnancy outcomes. Methods: A cross sectional study design was implemented to recruit a convenience sample of women attending Obstetrics and gynecology department in public hospitals in East and capital city of Saudi Arabia. To collect data, a validated self-administered questionnaire in English and Arabic was used. The questionnaire covered background information, perceived oral health status, and dental visits. Results: About 64.4% of the 481 women recruited had dental problems, 49.7% reported deterioration in their oral health during pregnancy, and 17.5% reported adverse pregnancy outcomes. Only 40.7% of pregnant women rated their oral health as good, and only 22% visited a dentist during their pregnancy. Dentists were the most common source of oral health information (44.1%), followed by social media (38.9%). Dental problems during pregnancy were significantly associated with adverse outcomes (P=0.007). Oral health perceptions of pregnant women, not visiting the dentist during pregnancy, and gingival problems were also significantly associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes (P=0.001). Those with fair to poor oral health were twice as likely to experience adverse pregnancy outcome. Those who intended to visit the dentist during their pregnancy but did not do so, as well as those who did not visit the dentist at all were 12 and 9 times more likely to experience adverse pregnancy outcomes respectively. Conclusion: Dental complaints during pregnancy, oral health perceptions, and a lack of dental visits were all linked to increased likelihood of adverse pregnancy outcomes. There is a need for interprofessional collaboration to dispel myths and encourage oral health care and regular dental visits during pregnancy.

6.
IJID Reg ; 11: 100375, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38827634

RESUMO

Objectives: We aimed to determine epidemiological characteristics and serologic markers among chronically hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected pregnant women during the assessment of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) prescription in Vietnam. Methods: We consecutively recruited 375 pregnant women with chronic HBV (cHBV) infection at week 25±2 of pregnancy, at which time they were assessed for TDF use as pre-prophylaxis and/or pre-treatment at the Hospital for Tropical Diseases in southern Vietnam during December 2019-April 2021. Demographic characteristics, serological biomarkers, and prenatal liver ultrasounds were obtained through interviews and reviews of medical records. Results: The median age of pregnant women was 29 years (interquartile range: 26-32). More than half of pregnant women (208/375; 55.5%) started TDF for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HBV and/or treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Among the pregnant women initiating TDF, 96.1% (198/206) tested positive for hepatitis B e antigen, and 21.6% (45/208) had quantitative hepatitis B surface antigen (qHBsAg) ≤104 IU/mL. A relatively strong correlation between qHBsAg and HBV deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) (r = 0.81; 95% CI: 0.76-0.85) was observed in pregnant women starting TDF. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate the high need for TDF prescription for prevention and/or treatment purposes in pregnant women with cHBV infection. Pregnant women with qHBsAg levels ≤104 IU/mL may prioritize HBV DNA testing over qHBsAg to decide on TDF prescription.

7.
S Afr Fam Pract (2004) ; 66(1): e1-e9, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38832389

RESUMO

BACKGROUND:  Despite the efforts of Namibia's Ministry of Health and Social Services to build maternity waiting homes (MWHs), few pregnant women make use of them. Long distances among the general population in Namibia limit the utilisation of MWHs. Little research has investigated what factors are limiting the use of these facilities despite the urgent need for them. The aim of this study thus was to explore and describe the perspectives of pregnant women on the utilisation of the MWHs near Onandjokwe Lutheran Hospital in Oshikoto Region. METHODS:  A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive and contextual design was employed. The accessible population in this study comprised 18 participants who were selected for the study using a purposive sampling technique. RESULTS:  Participants reported numerous barriers to visiting MWHs in Namibia, including an inadequate number of rooms, theft, food scarcity and the effects of poverty on the living conditions of the MWH users. Enablers visiting MWHs included the safe delivery of babies by skilled staff, reduced transport costs, access to timely management of labour complications and affordable accommodation. CONCLUSION:  The study revealed that a number of barriers must be overcome before the desired number of women take advantage of MWHs. Multiple factors act as constraints to their use, including inadequate number of rooms, theft, food scarcity and the long distance between patients' homes and MWH services.Contribution: The study's findings can be used to develop targeted interventions and strategies that can be used by MWH providers to address the identified barriers.


Assuntos
Acessibilidade aos Serviços de Saúde , Serviços de Saúde Materna , Humanos , Feminino , Namíbia , Gravidez , Adulto , Serviços de Saúde Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Gestantes/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
8.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 653, 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38834970

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a unique period of women's lives, and oral health is an important public health indicator during this period. Pregnant women have increased vulnerability to oral health problems. The study aimed to describe oral health knowledge, literacy and behavior of pregnant women in a northeastern province of Thailand. METHODS: A descriptive study was used. Twenty pregnant women who attended antenatal care clinics of eight public hospitals in the province were recruited by use of purposive sampling. They participated voluntarily in individual interview. The Health Belief Model was used as conception framework. All data were transcribed and subjected to content analysis. RESULTS: Five categories emerged: Misbelief and lack of knowledge, Oral health problems and dental care seeking, Oral health information from different persons, Self-care management of oral health, and Fear of and anxiety towards dental treatment. The findings showed that low knowledge of need for treatment, little importance to oral health and low priority of dental needs affect the demand for dental care. Fear of and anxiety towards dental treatment were the results of negative past experiences of neglecting dental care. Some women perceived health benefits of practicing self-care of oral health during pregnancy. CONCLUSION: The findings help to better understand the oral health issues of pregnant women and provide baseline information for oral health promotion. Such promotion and culturally appropriate care should be integrated in maternal health education classes.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Letramento em Saúde , Saúde Bucal , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Humanos , Feminino , Tailândia , Gravidez , Adulto , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Adulto Jovem , Autocuidado , Gestantes/psicologia , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia
9.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1394456, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38835777

RESUMO

Introduction: Depressive syndrome (DS) is a common complication during pregnancy and the postpartum period, and is triggered by multiple organic/genetic and environmental factors. Clinical and biochemical follow-up is essential for the early diagnosis and prognosis of DS. The protozoan Toxoplasma gondii causes infectious damage to the fetus during parasite primary-infection. However, in long-term infections, pregnant women develop immune protection to protect the fetus, although they remain susceptible to pathological or inflammatory effects induced by T. gondii. This study aimed to investigate plasma inflammatory biomarkers in pregnant women seropositive and seronegative for T. gondii, with diagnoses of minor and moderate/severe DS. Methods: Pregnant women (n=45; age=18-39 years) were recruited during prenatal care at health centers in Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Participants were asked to complete a socio-demographic questionnaire to be submitted to well-standardized DS scale calculators (Beck Depression Inventory Questionnaire, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, and Major Depressive Episode Module). Additionally, 4 mL of blood was collected for plasma neuroserpin, CCL2, IL-17A, and IL-33 analysis. Results: Pregnant volunteers with chronic T. gondii contact were all IgG+ (44%; n=21) and exhibited increased plasma IL-33, IL-17A, and neuroserpin levels, but not CCL2, compared to uninfected pregnant women. Using Beck's depression inventory, we observed an increase in plasma IL-17A and IL-33 in women with T. gondii infeCction diagnosed with mild DS, whereas neuroserpin was associated with minor and moderate/severe DS. Discussion: Our data suggest a close relationship between DS in pregnant women with chronic T. gondii infection and neurological conditions, which may be partially mediated by plasma neuroserpin, IL-33, and IL-17A levels.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Interleucina-17 , Interleucina-33 , Toxoplasma , Toxoplasmose , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Interleucina-17/sangue , Adulto , Toxoplasmose/sangue , Toxoplasmose/diagnóstico , Toxoplasmose/imunologia , Toxoplasmose/psicologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Interleucina-33/sangue , Adulto Jovem , Toxoplasma/imunologia , Adolescente , Complicações Parasitárias na Gravidez/sangue , Complicações Parasitárias na Gravidez/imunologia , Complicações Parasitárias na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Depressão/sangue , Depressão/imunologia , Depressão/diagnóstico
10.
Front Nutr ; 11: 1400174, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38854160

RESUMO

Background: Globally, 36.5% of pregnancies are affected by anemia, particularly in low-and middle-income countries, posing significant risks to maternal and perinatal health. In rural Pakistan, 44.3% of pregnant women suffer from iron deficiency, contributing to the high prevalence of anemia. Limited accessibility to antenatal care exacerbates the challenge, necessitating innovative solutions. This study assessed a midwife-led continuity of care model, utilizing intravenous (IV) iron therapy for the management of anemia in Karachi, Pakistan. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of data from a prospective cohort study conducted in two primary healthcare facilities, which employed a community midwife (CMW)-led continuity of care model for antenatal care, including IV iron therapy. We extracted data from February 2021 to March 2022 for women who were diagnosed with anemia based on hemoglobin (Hb) levels, categorized as mild (10.0 to 10.9 g/dL), moderate (7.0 to 9.9 g/dL), or severe (less than 7.0 g/dL). Assessment occurred at the initial antenatal care (ANC) visit to establish baseline anemia severity, and approximately 2 weeks after intravenous (IV) iron therapy administration to evaluate post-treatment changes were considered. Results: We enrolled 114 pregnant women, where the majority presented with moderate (88.6%) anemia. After IV iron treatment, 48.5% improved to normal-mild levels, while 50% remained unchanged. Severe anemia affected 10.5% at baseline; 42% shifted to moderate and 50% to normal-mild post-treatment, with one remaining unchanged (p < 0.001). Among women enrolled in the first and second trimesters, severe anemia improved to normal-mild (50%) and moderate levels (50%) (pre-treatment: n = 10, post-treatment: n = 0), and moderate anemia decreased by 48% (pre-treatment: n = 92, post-treatment: n = 47). Conclusion: Our midwife-led model of care demonstrated an improvement in iron levels among pregnant women. The model addressed the challenges of anemia prevalence in Pakistan and underscored the significance of empowering front-line healthcare providers, such as community midwives (CMWs) for managing these common conditions.

11.
Pan Afr Med J ; 47: 129, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38854863

RESUMO

Introduction: syphilis and its outcomes remain a healthcare system burden with adverse consequences such as stillbirths, neonatal deaths and spontaneous abortions among others. The situation might have worsened because the COVID-19 pandemic has caused a major attention drift from other diseases. Additionally, much as testing for syphilis is a routine practice among pregnant mothers, its proportion is not known in urban health care setting. A study to determine the prevalence of syphilis among pregnant mothers in an urban poor setting is warranted. Methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted among pregnant women who attended antenatal care at Kawaala Health Centre IV in Kampala Capital City between December 2019 to March 2020. Informed consent was sought from study participants prior to data collection using structured questionnaires. Whole blood was collected and tested using SD Bioline HIV/syphilis duo rapid test kit (SD Standard Diagnostics, INC, Korea). Data analysis was done using STATA 14.2. Results: one thousand one hundred and sixty-nine pregnant women participated in the study, with a mean age of 25 years. About 27% of them had completed only primary-level education. Approximately 6% of the participants were HIV seropositive. The prevalence of syphilis was 5.9% (69/1169). HIV positivity (aOR: 4.13, 95%CI: 2.05-8.34), elevated blood pressure (aOR: 2.84, 95%CI: 1.42-5.69), and status of previous pregnancy (aOR: 0.21, 95%CI: 0.05-0.89) were significant predictors of the risk of syphilis among pregnant women in this setting. Conclusion: the prevalence of syphilis among pregnant women in urban poor settings is not low and so must not be underestimated. The potential drivers of syphilis among pregnant women are HIV, elevated blood pressure, and status of previous pregnancy. There should be increased awareness about routine syphilis testing among pregnant mothers attending antenatal care.


Assuntos
Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Sífilis , Humanos , Feminino , Sífilis/epidemiologia , Sífilis/diagnóstico , Gravidez , Estudos Transversais , Adulto , Uganda/epidemiologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem , Prevalência , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia
12.
BMC Womens Health ; 24(1): 333, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38849811

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pregnant women faced great challenges and psychological and physiological changes of varying degrees during the omicron epidemic outbreak. It is important to recognize the potential impact of these challenges on the mental health of pregnant women and to provide appropriate resources and support to mitigate their effects. METHOD: By using the convenience sampling approach, a total of 401 pregnant women from two hospitals of different grades in two cities were included in the survey. The cross-sectional survey was conducted by basic characteristics, Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) and self-made questionnaire. RESULTS: Insomnia affected 207 participants (51.6%), depression affected 160 participants (39.9%) and anxiety affected 151 participants (37.7%). Moreover, pregnant women in provincial capital city were more likely to experience anxiety, depression and insomnia than those in county-level city (P < 0.01). Pregnant women's anxiety, depression and insomnia were positively correlated with the severity of COVID-19 infection (P < 0.05). However, COVID-19 infection had no appreciable impact on maternal demand for termination of pregnancy and cesarean section (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Pregnant women frequently suffer from anxiety disorder, depression and insomnia as a result of the omicron pandemic in China. During this period, the community and medical professionals should provide more psychological counseling, conduct health education and offer virtual prenatal care to pregnant women (particularly in the provincial capital city).


Assuntos
Ansiedade , COVID-19 , Depressão , Gestantes , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Humanos , Feminino , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , China/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Gestantes/psicologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/epidemiologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem , SARS-CoV-2 , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos
13.
Heliyon ; 10(11): e31791, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38845960

RESUMO

Background: Maternity waiting homes are used to enhance women's access to health facilities in low-resource settings; however, its use remains low in Ethiopia. It is important to investigate strategies that can enhance the usage of maternity waiting homes in Ethiopia. Methods: The purpose of his study is to assess how well couple-focused health education works to increase maternal knowledge, attitudes, and use of maternity waiting homes in rural Ethiopia. A cluster-randomized trial with two parallel groups will be the study's design. Three hundred twenty samples will be drawn from 16 clusters (160 in each group). Clusters will be assigned to intervention or control groups using a restricted randomization with a 1:1 allocation ratio. Women who are in their 14-16 weeks of gestation, or in the early stages of their second trimester, along with their male partners, will participate in the study. Health education, home visits, and the distribution of leaflets will be the intervention packages. Discussion: The trial results will provide conclusive evidence on whether couple-based health education can improve women's access to maternity waiting homes in rural Ethiopia.

14.
SAGE Open Med ; 12: 20503121241257163, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38846512

RESUMO

Background: Hyperemesis gravidarum is one of the problems encountered among pregnant women due to persistent and excessive vomiting starting before the end of the 22nd week of gestation. The current study aimed to assess the prevalence of hyperemesis gravidarum and associated factors among pregnant women at comprehensive specialized hospitals in northwest Ethiopia. Methods: A multi-facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted at comprehensive specialized hospitals from 1st June 2022 to 30th July 2022. The data were entered using EPI Data Version 4.6 statistical software and analyzed using SPSS Version 26. Descriptive statistics such as frequency, mean, and percentage were calculated. Univariable and multivariable binary logistic regression analyses were carried out to identify the associated factors of hyperemesis gravidarum. Results: In all, 404 study participants were enrolled. About 16.8% of pregnant women were found to have hyperemesis gravidarum. Age < 20 year (AOR = 3.170; 95% CI: 1.119, 8.980), study participants who cannot read and write (AOR = 5.662; 95% CI: 2.036, 15.7470), grade 1-8 (AOR = 4.679; 95% CI: 1.778, 12.316), and grade 9-10 (AOR = 8.594; 95% CI: 3.017, 24.481), being housewife (AOR = 6.275; 95% CI: 1.052, 37.442), living in urban area (AOR = 2.185; 95% CI: 1.035, 4.609), having previous hyperemesis gravidarum (AOR = 2.463; 95% CI: 1.210, 5.012), having family history of hyperemesis gravidarum (AOR = 2.014; 95% CI: 1.002, 4.047), unplanned pregnancy (AOR = 2.934; 95% CI: 1.030, 8.351), having recent abortion (AOR = 2.750; 95% CI: 1.010, 7.483), and gravidity (AOR = 1.956; 95%CI: 1.023, 3.737) were factors associated with hyperemesis gravidarum. Conclusion: The prevalence of hyperemesis gravidarum is higher. Low maternal age, lower educational level, being a housewife, being an urban resident, having previous hyperemesis gravidarum, having a family history, having an unplanned pregnancy, and having a recent abortion were significantly associated with hyperemesis gravidarum.

15.
J Infect Public Health ; 17(7): 102467, 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38850585

RESUMO

Pregnant women have a higher risk of urinary tract infections (UTIs) compared to non-pregnant women, making antibiotics necessary for treatment. However, prescribing antibiotics without culture and sensitivity tests may contribute to antimicrobial resistance. A meta-analysis using R was conducted to determine the prevalence of antibiotic resistance patterns in UTIs among pregnant women. We identified observational studies published in the last 10 years and used a random effects model to calculate the pooled prevalence. The prevalence of Gram-negative organisms causing UTIs in pregnant women was 67 %, while Gram-positive organisms were 22 %. The burden of Gram-positive organisms exhibiting antimicrobial resistance was very high at 95 %, primarily to ampicillin. The most common Gram-negative organisms exhibiting antimicrobial resistance were E. coli, Klebsiella, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, while the most common Gram-positive organisms resistant to antibiotics were Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative Staphylococcus. Sensitivity and culture testing are recommended for effective treatment in pregnant women with UTIs.

16.
Int J Womens Health ; 16: 1009-1022, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38835832

RESUMO

Background: The problem of maternal mental health is a priority issue of global concern. Dyadic coping refers to the co-managing and making decisions between two parties in response to a joint stressful event. At present, china has limited focus on dyadic coping for pregnant women during pregnancy. This study aimed to investigate different categories and characteristics of dyadic coping in pregnant women throughout pregnancy and to analyze the factors that influence these categories. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional, and 376 pregnant women who visited the obstetric clinic at a tertiary hospital in Sichuan province from June to September 2023 were interviewed face-to-face using convenience sampling. Data were collected using a sociodemographic questionnaire, dyadic coping scale, and family adaptability and cohesion evaluation scale. The data were imported into excel and exported to spss 27.0 to analyze the potential characteristics of pregnant women's dyadic coping during pregnancy and to explore the effects of this using univariate analysis and multifactorial logistic regression. Results: A total of 376 valid questionnaires were collected. The results of the potential profile analysis showed that the dyadic coping of pregnant women during pregnancy could be categorized into three different groups: the "low coping group" (21.3%), the "general coping group" (67.5%), and the "high coping group" (11.2%). Multiple logistic regression analyses revealed that low monthly family income, early pregnancy, primipara, family adaptability and cohesion were the factors influencing the dyadic coping of pregnant women during pregnancy. Conclusion: During pregnancy, pregnant women exhibit moderate levels of dyadic coping. Three different categories of dyadic coping patterns were exhibited: low coping group, general coping group, and high coping group, with significant heterogeneity. Therefore, there is a need to focus on the dyadic coping status of various categories of pregnant women and implement targeted couple and family-wide interventions.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38865044

RESUMO

The relationship between exposure to air pollutants and fetal growth outcomes has shown inconsistency, and only a limited number of studies have explored the impact of air pollution on gestational hypertension and birth outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate how maternal exposure to air pollutants and blood pressure could influence fetal birth outcomes. A total of 55 women with gestational hypertension and 131 healthy pregnant women were enrolled in this study. Data pertaining to personal characteristics, prenatal examinations, outdoor air pollutant exposure, and fetal birth outcomes were collected. The study revealed that fetal birth weight and abdominal circumference exhibited a significant reduction among women with gestational hypertension compared to healthy pregnant women, even after adjustments for body mass index, gestational age, and exposure to air pollutants had been made. Moreover, maternal exposure to outdoor air pollutants displayed a notable correlation with decreased birth length of fetuses. Consequently, the study concluded that maternal blood pressure and exposure to outdoor air pollutants during pregnancy potentially stand as pivotal factors influencing fetal birth outcomes.

18.
BMJ Open ; 14(6): e084216, 2024 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38851233

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Given the increasing prevalence of both obesity and pre-diabetes in pregnant adults, there is growing interest in identifying hyperglycaemia in early pregnancy to optimise maternal and perinatal outcomes. Multiple organisations recommend first-trimester diabetes screening for individuals with risk factors; however, the benefits and drawbacks of detecting glucose abnormalities more mild than overt diabetes in early gestation and the best screening method to detect such abnormalities remain unclear. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The goal of the Glycemic Observation and Metabolic Outcomes in Mothers and Offspring study (GO MOMs) is to evaluate how early pregnancy glycaemia, measured using continuous glucose monitoring and oral glucose tolerance testing, relates to the diagnosis of gestational diabetes (GDM) at 24-28 weeks' gestation (maternal primary outcome) and large-for-gestational-age birth weight (newborn primary outcome). Secondary objectives include relating early pregnancy glycaemia to other adverse pregnancy outcomes and comprehensively detailing longitudinal changes in glucose over the course of pregnancy. GO MOMs enrolment began in April 2021 and will continue for 3.5 years with a target sample size of 2150 participants. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: GO MOMs is centrally overseen by Vanderbilt University's Institutional Review Board and an Observational Study Monitoring Board appointed by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. GO MOMs has potential to yield data that will improve understanding of hyperglycaemia in pregnancy, elucidate better approaches for early pregnancy GDM screening, and inform future clinical trials of early GDM treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04860336.


Assuntos
Glicemia , Diabetes Gestacional , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Humanos , Gravidez , Feminino , Diabetes Gestacional/diagnóstico , Glicemia/metabolismo , Glicemia/análise , Recém-Nascido , Adulto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Resultado da Gravidez , Hiperglicemia/sangue , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Peso ao Nascer
19.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13407, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38862566

RESUMO

Iron deficiency is a widespread micronutrient deficiency, impacting over 30% of the global population. Iron Folic Acid supplement is recommended for pregnant women to counter iron deficiency anemia and neural tube anomalies. Although Iron Folic Acid supplementation is integral to Ethiopian antenatal care, one in four women in Ethiopia experiences anemia during pregnancy suggesting poor compliance. This study aimed to investigate compliance level and associated factors of Iron Folic Acid supplementation among pregnant women attending antenatal care in Wuchale Woreda of North Shoa Zone, Ethiopia. An institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 302 pregnant women from March 20 to April 5, 2021, who were selected using a systematic random sampling technique. Data were collected through face-to-face interview, entered epi-data, and exported to Statistical Package for the Social Sciences for analysis. A multivariable logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with compliance level. All the results were presented with 95% confidence intervals. The compliance with Iron Folic Acid supplementation was 47.0%. Residing nearest to the health facility (AOR = 2.46; 95% CI 1.32, 4.57), initiating antenatal care at health center (AOR = 2.23; 95% CI 1.17, 4.51), having a family size of 4 and above (AOR = 4.99; 95% CI 2.43, 10.24), and receiving information from health extension workers (AOR = 5.52; 95% CI 1.30, 23.54) increased compliance with Iron Folic Acid supplementation. Less than half of the pregnant women were compliant with Iron Folic Acid utilization. There is a need to prioritize promoting the importance of Iron Folic Acid supplementation through health education particularly by targeting pregnant women with identified factors.


Assuntos
Anemia Ferropriva , Suplementos Nutricionais , Ácido Fólico , Ferro , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Humanos , Feminino , Ácido Fólico/administração & dosagem , Gravidez , Etiópia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Ferro/administração & dosagem , Anemia Ferropriva/prevenção & controle , Anemia Ferropriva/epidemiologia , Anemia Ferropriva/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente , Gestantes/psicologia , Cooperação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos
20.
J Family Reprod Health ; 18(1): 20-29, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38863842

RESUMO

Objective: A cesarean delivery is regarded as a comparatively favourable and secure approach to childbirth when contrasted with vaginal delivery. Over the past decade, its frequency has risen in both industrialized and developing nations. Maternal request for cesarean delivery has been explained for the escalating rate along with other factors like anxiety, fear of childbirth, previous cesarean delivery, previous negative vaginal birth experience, maternal age, maternal education, and socioeconomic factors. Hence, this study was undertaken to assess pregnant women's tendency to have a cesarean birth and to investigate the factors associated with the inclination for cesarean delivery. Materials and methods: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of a tertiary care hospital, a systematic sampling procedure was utilized, and 368 antenatal mothers after 36 weeks of gestation, who do not have any specific medical reasons against vaginal delivery were included in the study. Data collection was done by questionnaire. The information regarding socio-demographic factors, preexisting comorbidities, current obstetric risk factors, emotional factors, previous delivery experience, and their information preference toward the mode of delivery were collected. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to identify the independent variables associated with preference for cesarean delivery. Results: The preference for cesarean delivery and non-preference for cesarean delivery was 114 (30.9%) and 201 (54.6%), respectively whereas 53 (14.4%) participants remained neutral. The Chi-square analysis revealed a notable connection between the inclination towards a preference for cesarean delivery and factors such as obstetric score, parity, comorbidities, and among obstetric risk factors such as pregnancy after in-vitro fertilization (IVF), with a history of abortion, and having a prior history of cesarean delivery. Nevertheless, no meaningful association was observed between the preference for cesarean delivery and the remaining variables. On multivariate logistic analysis, independent variables like preexisting anxiety or depression, pregnancy through IVF, and having a history of previous cesarean delivery have increased the odds of preferring cesarean delivery. The independent variables like increasing gestational age, graduates, and unemployed have decreased the odds of preferring a cesarean delivery. Conclusion: In conclusion, the prevalence of cesarean delivery is influenced by a complex interplay of medical, cultural, socioeconomic, and healthcare system factors. While cesarean delivery is essential in cases of medical necessity, efforts should be made to avoid unnecessary cesarean delivery that does not provide clear benefits over vaginal delivery. Balancing the risks and benefits of cesarean delivery and promoting evidence-based obstetric practices are crucial for ensuring optimal maternal and infant outcomes.

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