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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 45(2): 52-57, maio-ago. 2024. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1553298

RESUMO

O selamento dentinário imediato é um procedimento essencial na Odontologia, que envolve a aplicação de agentes de selamento na interface entre a dentina e o material restaurador imediatamente após a remoção da cárie e do preparo da cavidade dentária. Este processo busca selar os túbulos dentinários expostos, proporcionando proteção à polpa dentária. O presente caso foi realizado em um paciente do sexo masculino, 56 anos que se queixou de desconforto no elemento dentário 17. Após avaliação clínica e radiográfica, foi constatado uma ampla restauração desadaptada na porção mesio - oclusal do referido dente, sendo que o elemento em questão não possui tratamento endodôntico. Após planejamento e assinatura do TCLE, os seguintes passos foram realizados: remoção da lesão cariosa do dente 17, seguido da realização do levantamento marginal mesial e a realização do selamento dentinário imediato. Moldagem com silicone de adição do dente em questão e do antagonista, assim como registro da mordida. Foi confeccionada uma restauração semidireta em resina composta sob o modelo de gesso obtido. A cimentação da restauração foi feita na consulta seguinte, cumprindo os requisitos fundamentais para restaurar forma, função e estética, resultando na melhoria da qualidade de vida do paciente(AU)


Immediate dentin sealing is an essential procedure in dentistry, involving the application of sealing agents at the interface between dentin and the restorative material immediately after caries removal and cavity preparation. This process aims to seal exposed dentinal tubules, providing protection to the dental pulp. The present case involved a 56-year-old male patient who complained of discomfort in tooth number 17. After clinical and radiographic evaluation, a wide, maladapted restoration in the mesio-occlusal portion of the tooth was identified, with no endodontic treatment in the affected element. Following planning and informed consent, the following steps were taken: removal of the carious lesion from tooth number 17, followed by the execution of mesial marginal elevation and immediate dentin sealing. Silicone addition molding of the affected tooth and antagonist, along with bite registration, was performed. A semi-direct restoration in composite resin was fabricated based on the obtained gypsum model. The restoration was cemented in the subsequent appointment, meeting the essential requirements to restore form, function, and aesthetics, resulting in an improvement in the patient's quality of life(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Cimentos Dentários
2.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 45(2): 43-47, maio-ago. 2024. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1553294

RESUMO

Sabe-se que para uma restauração ser considerada um sucesso clínico é preciso que haja uma concomitância saudável entre a estrutura dentária, o material restaurador e as estruturas biológicas periodontais. As restaurações transcirúrgicas caracterizam-se como procedimentos alternativos para possibilitar a restauração de dentes com cárie dentária extensa, restaurações subgengivais desadaptadas e fraturas. O presente estudo teve como objetivo realizar um relato de caso de um procedimento cirúrgico-restaurador, através de uma técnica de restauração transcirúrgica. Este estudo tem como justificativa relatar um caso clínico, colaborando com maiores informações sobre a escolha da técnica a ser empregada, mostrando em quais situações devemos escolher uma restauração transcirúrgica e quais seus benefícios. Também, salientar se devemos fazer a recuperação do espaço biológico do periodonto ou não(AU)


It is known that for a restoration to be considered a clinical success, there must be a healthy concomitance between the tooth structure, the restorative material and the periodontal biological structures. Transsurgical restorations are characterized as alternative procedures to enable the restoration of teeth with extensive dental caries, maladapted subgingival restorations and fractures. The present study aims to carry out a case report of a surgical-restorative procedure, using a transsurgical restoration technique. This study is justified by reporting a clinical case, providing more information on the choice of technique to be used, showing in which situations we should choose a transsurgical restoration and what its benefits are. Also, highlight whether we should recover the biological space of the periodontium or not(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Bucais , Restauração Dentária Permanente
3.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 45(2): 65-71, maio-ago. 2024. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1553300

RESUMO

A escolha da técnica restauradora desempenha papel fundamental na eficácia e duração de um tratamento reabilitador. O objetivo deste relato de caso foi descrever a utilização da técnica semidireta para a confecção de uma restauração em resina composta em um primeiro molar inferior. A paciente apresentava uma restauração insatisfatória no dente 36, que necessitava ser substituída devido à infiltração por cárie. Optou-se pela técnica semidireta devido à amplitude da cavidade, que envolvia estruturas de suporte, e pela combinação das vantagens das abordagens direta e indireta. O procedimento envolveu a remoção de tecido cariado, a aplicação de hidróxido de cálcio pasta, seguida da aplicação de uma fina camada de ionômero de vidro e, posteriormente, resina fluída para realizar o selamento dentinário. O preparo foi realizado seguindo os princípios necessários. O elemento em questão foi moldado com silicone de adição e o arco antagonista, com alginato. Ambos modelos foram vertidos com silicone para modelos semirrígidos e montados em oclusor de peças de brinquedo. A restauração semidireta foi confeccionada em resina composta Filtek Z350 XT, respeitando a anatomia do dente 36. Pigmentos foram utilizados para aprimorar detalhes estéticos. Após acabamento e polimento, a peça foi condicionada e cimentada com cimento dual Relyx Ultimate. Pode-se concluir que a abordagem restauradora por meio da técnica semidireta construída em modelo semirrígido é uma opção terapêutica conservadora e vantajosa para dentes com extensa destruição coronária. Essa técnica possibilita a restauração de forma eficaz, garantindo tanto a estética quanto a função adequada do dente afetado(AU)


The choice of restorative technique plays a fundamental role in the effectiveness and duration of rehabilitation treatment. The objective of this case report was to describe the use of the semi-direct technique to create a composite resin restoration in a lower first molar. The patient had an unsatisfactory restoration on tooth 36, which needed to be replaced due to cavity infiltration. The semi-direct technique was chosen due to the amplitude of the cavity, which involved support structures, and the combination of advantages of the direct and indirect approaches. The procedure involved the removal of carious tissue, and the application of calcium hydroxide paste, followed by the application of a thin layer of glass ionomer and, subsequently, fluid resin to seal the dentin. The preparation was carried out following the necessary principles. The element in question was molded with addition silicone and the antagonist arch was molded with alginate. Both models were poured with silicone for semi-rigid models and mounted on toy parts occluders. The semi-direct restoration was made in Filtek Z350 XT composite resin, respecting the anatomy of tooth 36. Pigments were used to improve aesthetic details. After finishing and polishing, the piece was conditioned and cemented with Relyx Ultimate dual cement. It can be concluded that the restorative approach using the semi-direct technique built on a semi-rigid model is a conservative and advantageous therapeutic option for teeth with extensive coronal destruction. This technique allows for effective restoration, ensuring both the aesthetics and adequate function of the affected tooth(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária , Reparação de Restauração Dentária , Cimentação , Preparo do Dente , Restauração Dentária Permanente
4.
J Int Soc Prev Community Dent ; 14(2): 161-166, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38827354

RESUMO

Aim: The success of layered restorations necessitates the utilization of an improved restorative material compatible with composite restorations. Therefore, in this line of research, the strength of adhesion of conventional resin-based dental composite to different filling materials was tested. Materials and Methods: Conventional composite resin was bonded to four restorative materials (Group I: conventional glass ionomer cement (GIC), Group II: resin-modified glass ionomer cement, Group III: flowable composite, and Group IV: Cention-N) received no surface treatment (Subgroup A: control), sandblasting using 50-µm aluminum oxide particles (Subgroup B), sandblasting and resin adhesive (Subgroup C), acid etch and resin adhesive (Subgroup D), or self-etch resin adhesive (Subgroup E). After 24 h, the strength of adhesion between the conventional composite resin and the other tested filling materials was estimated by using a universal testing machine and compared using one-factor analysis of variance and Tukey's method. Results: The conventional GIC had the minimum values of adhesion strength while the flowable composite and Cention-N had the maximum values of adhesion strength (P < 0.05). The treatment of the used restorative materials with sandblasting and resin adhesive boosted the adhesion strength (P < 0.05). The surface treatment of GIC-based materials with either acid etch and resin bonding agent or self-etch resin bonding agent boosted the adhesion strength (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Cention-N sandblasted and coated with resin adhesive before the application of conventional composite resin in layered restorations is a potential alternative to GIC-based restorations and flowable composite.

5.
Vet Med (Auckl) ; 15: 171-180, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38828210

RESUMO

This case report describes the effects of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) administered via enema in a 4-year-old spayed, champagne Domestic Ferret (Mustela putorius furo) with chronic diarrhea, maldigestion and weight loss. We aimed to establish a protocol for FMT as a novel therapeutic treatment for chronic diarrhea in domestic ferrets. We mapped the fecal microbiome by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing to track the patient's fecal microbiota throughout the treatment and observation period. Initial oral FMTs were associated with temporary weight improvement but subsequent treatments, via enema and oral delivery, showed varied outcomes. Molecular analysis highlighted distinct gut microbiota composition profiles between the healthy donor and the diseased ferret. The diseased ferret initially exhibited high abundance of Enterobacteriaceae, Escherichia, and Enterobacter, which ultimately normalized to level like those found in the donor ferret. Overall, the gut microbiota of the recipient became more similar to the donor microbiota using a Yue-Clayton theta coefficients analysis. After a restoration of the gut microbiota and clinical improvement, the recipient's symptoms returned indicating that repeated FMTs might be required for long-term resolution of symptoms and complete restructuring of the gut microbiota. Future studies are warranted to map the microbiome of a larger population of domestic ferrets to investigate a potential correlation between fecal microbiota profiles and chronic/acute gastrointestinal disorders.

6.
Expert Rev Med Devices ; : 1-7, 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38831711

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medical devices can seek patent term extensions (PTEs), which extend market exclusivity to compensate for delays related to clinical trials and regulatory review. Pharmaceutical companies commonly use PTEs, but their use by medical device companies has not been clear. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We examined the use of PTEs by medical device companies between 1984 and 2024 using a database published in the Federal Register and a list published by the Patent and Trademark Office. RESULTS: Only 178 medical device submissions were linked to a PTE application. They were mostly concentrated in 116 product codes associated with 15 medical specialties; nearly half were associated with cardiovascular devices. Numbers increased significantly in the past decade. Successful applications restored 987 days on average. CONCLUSIONS: The patent restoration opportunity appears underutilized. It is unclear whether some companies do not recognize the opportunity it promises, or whether it does not meet their needs. Different business features and marketing strategies in device versus pharmaceutical industries may decrease the usefulness of the PTE program for these types of medical products. However, the finding that a small subset of manufacturers operating in competitive markets adopted patent extension strategies more commonly suggests a significant competitive advantage when competition increases.

7.
Glob Chang Biol ; 30(6): e17361, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822568

RESUMO

Our current planetary crisis, including multiple jointly acting factors of global change, moves the need for effective ecosystem restoration center stage and compels us to explore unusual options. We here propose exploring combinatorial approaches to restoration practices: management practices are drawn at random and combined from a locally relevant pool of possible management interventions, thus creating an experimental gradient in the number of interventions. This will move the current degree of interventions to higher dimensionality, opening new opportunities for unlocking unknown synergistic effects. Thus, the high dimensionality of global change (multiple jointly acting factors) would be more effectively countered by similar high-dimensionality in solutions. In this concept, regional restoration hubs play an important role as guardians of locally relevant information and sites of experimental exploration. Data collected from such studies could feed into a global database, which could be used to learn about general principles of combined restoration practices, helping to refine future experiments. Such combinatorial approaches to exploring restoration intervention options may be our best hope yet to achieve decisive progress in ecological restoration at the timescale needed to mitigate and reverse the most severe losses caused by global environmental change.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Ecossistema , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos , Recuperação e Remediação Ambiental/métodos , Ecologia/métodos , Mudança Climática
8.
Water Sci Technol ; 89(10): 2676-2684, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822607

RESUMO

The Periyar River, a vital component of Kerala's ecosystem in India, serves as a lifeline supporting agriculture, hydropower generation, and ecological equilibrium. This study adopts a multifaceted approach to address critical challenges in the Periyar basin, with a primary focus on flood mitigation due to the region's susceptibility to devastating floods. Covering a length of 67.85 km, the study intricately segments the Periyar River into distinct reaches for a comprehensive steady flow analysis, considering factors such as seasonal monsoon fluctuations, diverse catchment topography, and human-induced alterations. Utilizing advanced modeling techniques, particularly HEC-RAS software, the study effectively predicts and simulates shifts in hydraulic behavior. The results, including velocity plots and cross-sectional maps, offer accurate insights into critical parameters, enabling the identification of areas with high velocity occurrence. This information proves instrumental in making informed decisions for the construction of river restoration structures, crucial for mitigating the impact of floods. The study's findings contribute valuable tools for future forecasting and sustainable management of the Periyar River, addressing the complex interplay of natural and anthropogenic factors.


Assuntos
Modelos Teóricos , Rios , Movimentos da Água , Rios/química , Índia , Inundações
9.
Ambio ; 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822967

RESUMO

Most people in rural sub-Saharan Africa lack access to electricity and rely on traditional, inefficient, and polluting cooking solutions that have adverse impacts on both human health and the environment. Here, we propose a novel integrated agroforestry-bioenergy system that combines sustainable biomass production in sequential agroforestry systems with biomass-based cleaner cooking solutions and rural electricity production in small-scale combined heat and power plants and estimate the biophysical system outcomes. Despite conservative assumptions, we demonstrate that on-farm biomass production can cover the household's fuelwood demand for cooking and still generate a surplus of woody biomass for electricity production via gasification. Agroforestry and biochar soil amendments should increase agricultural productivity and food security. In addition to enhanced energy security, the proposed system should also contribute to improving cooking conditions and health, enhancing soil fertility and food security, climate change mitigation, gender equality, and rural poverty reduction.

10.
Dent Mater ; 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824001

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Achieving a strong bond between Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) and veneering composites is challenging due to PEEKs low surface energy. This study examined the effects of sandblasting and bonding on the shear bond strength (SBS) between veneering composite and pigmented PEEK, considering artificial aging. METHODS: Of three pigmented PEEK compounds (DC4420R, DC4450R, DC4470R; Evonic Operations GmbH, Marl, Germany), 40 specimens each were milled and polished up to 2500 grit. Prior to veneering, specimens were divided into 4 subgroups: Subgroup 1: Polishing; 2: Polishing + bonding; 3: Sandblasting; 4: Sandblasting + bonding. Sandblasting was performed using Al2O3. Adhesive was an agent containing MMA (Signum Universal Bond, Kulzer GmbH, Hanau, Germany). After veneering (Composite, Kulzer GmbH) the subgroups were divided into 2 subgroups. One subgroup was immersed in 37 °C warm distilled water for 24 h. The second subgroup was artificially aged by thermocycling (TCL) with 5000 cycles in distilled water (5 °C / 55 °C; 30 s). Surface roughness, water contact angles and failure modes were recorded. SBS was measured using a universal testing machine. RESULTS: Results demonstrated that the combination of sandblasting and bonding significantly improved the SBS compared to polishing alone. PEEK color did not significantly influence the SBS. Aging by TCL had a negative effect on the SBS. SIGNIFICANCE: Sandblasting and the use of an adhesive containing MMA were found to be effective in achieving satisfactory SBS between veneering composite and pigmented PEEK surfaces. These pretreatment methods demonstrate their potential for establishing durable and reliable bonding in clinical applications.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38837479

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the mechanical performance of patient-specific prefabricated temporary shell versus laboratory-fabricated CAD/CAM provisional restorations on titanium temporary abutments, with and without thermo-mechanical ageing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Implants with a conical connection were divided into four groups (n = 24) and restored with temporary shell or laboratory-fabricated central or lateral incisor PMMA restorations that were relined or bonded on titanium temporary abutments. The diameter of the central and lateral incisor groups' implants was regular (ϕ 4.3 mm) or narrow (ϕ 3.5 mm), respectively. Half of each group's specimens were subjected to ageing, simultaneous thermocycling (5-55°C) and chewing simulation (120,000 cycles, 50 N, 1.7 Hz) resulting in eight groups in total (n = 12). The aged specimens were evaluated with optical microscopy, and survival and complication rates were determined according to modified USPHS criteria. The non-aged specimens and those that had survived ageing were loaded until failure, whereupon bending moments were calculated. RESULTS: Survival rates after ageing were 100% for all groups. Apart from wear facets (ϕ 2-3 mm) on the palatal restoration surface, no complications were observed. The mean fracture load and bending moments ranged between 597.6-847.1 N and 433.3-550.6 Ncm, respectively, with no significant differences between the eight groups (p = .25; p = .20). CONCLUSIONS: As patient-specific temporary shell central and lateral incisor provisional implant-supported restorations are mechanically stable enough to withstand clinical bite forces, even after thermo-mechanical ageing, they may serve as an alternative to laboratory-fabricated provisional restorations.

12.
Sci Total Environ ; : 173803, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38848923

RESUMO

Vegetation resilience is a key concept for understanding ecosystem responses to disturbances and is essential for maintaining ecosystem sustainability. However, assessing vegetation resilience remains challenging, especially for areas with significant disturbances and ecological restoration, such as surface coal mine ecosystems. Vegetation resilience assessment requires a combination of disturbance magnitude, recovery magnitude, and recovery time. In this study, we propose a vegetation resilience assessment method by integrating disturbance magnitude, recovery magnitude and recovery time. Forty-six surface coal mines in Northern China were analysed as the study areas. A geographical detector model was used to explore the influence of climatic factors on vegetation resilience. The results indicated that the vegetation resilience curves included three shapes, inverted U-shaped, S-shaped, and monotonically decreasing, and the different disturbance-recovery relationships of the curves indicated that natural and social factors jointly changed the ecological restoration process. The vegetation resilience of the 46 surface coal mines varies widely, ranging from 0.87 to 7.22, showing a spatial decreasing trend from east to west. The explanatory power of different climatic factors on vegetation resilience by indirectly affecting hydrothermal conditions varies, with the effect of atmospheric pressure being the most significant and the superposition of the two climatic factors enhancing the effect on vegetation resilience. This study enriches the understanding of vegetation resilience assessment and provides important information to guide the differentiation of ecological restoration and resource development of surface coal mines in different regions.

13.
Dent Mater ; 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38849226

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study conducted a comprehensive comparative analysis of three intraoral scanners (CEREC Primescan, TRIOS, CEREC Omnicam) and a lab scanner (inEosX5) assessing their precision in simulating subgingival tooth preparations. METHODS: Utilizing a dental simulation mannequin with a 3D-printed resin structure, 100 structures with depths ranging from 0.5 to 4.0 mm were created within a square mimicking a rectangular tank surface. Four scanner groups (A-D) and five subgroups were established. Two digitization methods, a customized parallelometer and an intraoral simulation, were applied, ensuring a standardized scanning sequence. Trueness was evaluated by comparing CAD-calculated surface areas with actual dimensions, and qualitative trueness analysis was conducted using MeshLab. Surface areas were computed using the formula SA = 2lw + 2lh + 2wh. Statistical analyses, including Pearson's correlation coefficient, Kolmogorov-Smirnoff and Levene's tests, three-way ANOVA, and paired sample t-tests, elucidated relationships and differences (a=0.05). RESULTS: A robust correlation (r = 0.850, p < 0.001) between intraoral scanner choice and scanned area depth was found. Inverse correlations were noted for experimental methods. Three-way ANOVA demonstrated significant scanner-depth interaction (F(12,760) = 760.801, p < 0.001). SIGNIFICANCE: Emphasizing high-resolution sensors and advanced technologies, the study underscores the optimal choice for subgingival digitization, acknowledging variations among scanners.

14.
Animal ; 18(6): 101198, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38850578

RESUMO

Diet selection and preference by grazing animals are determined by genetic and environmental factors that interact and affect their efficacy for managing vegetation as targeted grazers and developing animals adapted to local grazing environments. The effect of the rearing environments on the consumption of juniper (Juniperus spp.) by goats that for 15 years were divergently selected for high (J+) or low (J-) percent juniper in their diet was investigated. To test the effect of rearing environment, at the end of the breeding season, pregnant does from both selection lines were grazed on either juniper-infested (JIR) or juniper-free (JFR) rangelands until their kids were weaned at about 75 days of age. Fecal samples were analyzed with fecal near-IR spectroscopy to determine the percent juniper in the diet. Fecal samples were collected from does on JIR when their offspring were 30 days of age and at weaning. Then, does that raised kids in both rearing environments grazed a common JIR pasture for a 28-day adaptation period before collecting fecal samples. After weaning, kids from both rearing environments grazed JIR for 22 days before collecting fecal samples. The J+ does always consumed more (P < 0.001) juniper than J- does, demonstrating different maternal role models for kids reared in the JIR environment. There was no effect of rearing environment (P = 0.488) or rearing environment × selection line interaction (P = 0.096) when J- and J+ does grazed a common JIR pasture. The percentage of juniper in J- kid diets (7%) was the same regardless of the rearing environment. However, the rearing environment did affect the percentage of juniper in the diet of J+ kids, resulting in a gene-environment interaction (P = 0.022). The percentage of juniper in the diet of J+ kids reared in JFR (16%) and JIR (24%) were about two and three times higher than J- kids, respectively, indicating that genetics and the rearing environment contributed about equally to the increase in the percentage of juniper in the J+ kid diets. Regardless of the rearing environment, the J+ kids had a higher percentage of juniper in their diets than J- kids (P < 0.001). Compared to males, female kids had a higher percentage of juniper in their diets (12 vs 17%, respectively; P = 0.002). The ability to select animals with specific dietary preferences holds promise for targeted grazing strategies to restore degraded rangelands, with potential applications in conservation and ecosystem management.

15.
Mar Environ Res ; 199: 106580, 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38851082

RESUMO

Understanding the genetic makeup of key coral species is vital for effective coral reef management, as heightened genetic diversity directly influences long-term survival and resilience against environmental changes. This study focused on two widespread Indo-Pacific branching corals, Pocillopora damicornis (referred as Pocillopora cf. damicornis (as identified only morphologically) and Seriatopora hystrix, by genotyping 222 and 195 colonies, respectively, from 10 sites in the northern Gulf of Eilat, Red Sea, using six and five microsatellite markers, respectively. Both species exhibited low observed heterozygosity (0.47 for P. cf. damicornis, 0.32 for S. hystrix) and similar expected heterozygosity (0.576 for P. cf. damicornis, 0.578 for S. hystrix). Pocillopora cf. damicornis showed minimal deviations from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) and low but positive F values, indicating high gene flow, while S. hystrix exhibited higher diversion from HWE and positive F values, suggesting isolation by distance and possible non-random mating or genetic drift. As the Gulf of Eilat undergoes rapid urbanization, this study highlights the anthropogenic impacts on the population genetics of key ecosystem engineering species and emphasizes the importance of managing genetics of Marine Protected Areas while implementing active coral reef restoration. The differences in reproductive traits between the two species (S. hystrix being a brooder, while P. cf. damicornis a broadcast spawner), underscore the need for sustainable population genetics management of the coral reefs for the future and resilience of the coral reef ecosystem of the northern Red Sea region.

16.
Sci Total Environ ; : 173829, 2024 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38857806

RESUMO

Uncertainty in the global carbon (C) budget has been reduced for most stocks, though it remains incomplete by not considering aquatic and transitional zone carbon stocks. A key issue preventing such complete accounting is a lack of available C data within these aquatic and aquatic-terrestrial transitional ecosystems. Concurrently, quantifiable results produced by restoration practices that explicitly target C stock accumulation and sequestration remain inconsistent or undocumented. To support a more complete carbon budget and identify impacts on C stock accumulation from restoration treatment actions, we investigated C stock values in a Mediterranean-montane riparian floodplain system in California, USA. We quantified the C stock in aboveground biomass, large wood, and litter in addition to the C and total nitrogen in the upper soil profile (5 cm) across 23 unique restoration treatments and remnant old-growth forests. Treatments span 40 years of restoration actions along seven river kilometers of the Cosumnes River, and include process-based (limited intervention), assisted (horticultural planting and other intensive restoration activities), hybrid (a combination of process and assisted actions), and remnant (old-growth forests that were not created with restoration actions) sites. Total C values measured up to 1100 Mg ha-1 and averaged 129 Mg ha-1 with biomass contributing the most to individual plot measurements. From 2012 to 2020, biomass C stock measurements showed an average 32 Mg ha-1 increase across all treatments, though treatment specific values varied. While remnant forest plots held the highest average C values across all stocks (336 Mg ha-1), C values of different stocks varied across treatment type. Process-based restoration treatments held more average biomass C (120 Mg ha-1) than hybrid (23 Mg ha-1) or assisted restoration treatments (50 Mg ha-1), while assisted restoration treatments held more average total C in soil and litter (58 Mg ha-1) than hybrid (35 Mg ha-1) and process-based restoration treatments (37 Mg ha-1). Regardless of treatment type, time was a significant factor for all C stock values. These findings support a more inclusive global carbon budget and provide valuable insight into restoration treatment actions that support C stock accumulation.

17.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 40(8): 238, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38858319

RESUMO

Ectomycorrhizal inoculum has emerged as a critical tool for forest restoration, especially under challenging climate change conditions. The inoculation of selective ectomycorrhizal fungi can enhance seedling survival and subsequent growth in the field. This study optimized the liquid media for mycelial growth of Astraeus odoratus strain K1 and the sodium alginate solution composition for enhanced mycelial viability after entrapment. Using Modified Melin-Norkrans as the optimal media for mycelial cultivation and 2% sodium alginate supplemented with Czapek medium, 0.25% activated charcoal, 5% sucrose, and 5% sorbitol in the alginate solution yielded the highest viability of A. odoratus mycelia. Preservation in distilled water and 10% glycerol at 25 °C for 60 days proved to be the most effective storage condition for the alginate beads. Both fresh and preserved alginate beads were tested for colonizing on Hopea odorata Roxb. seedlings, showing successful colonization and ectomycorrhizal root formation, with over 49% colonization. This study fills a crucial gap in biotechnology and ectomycorrhizal inoculum, paving the way for more effective and sustainable forest restoration practices.


Assuntos
Alginatos , Micélio , Micorrizas , Alginatos/química , Micorrizas/fisiologia , Micélio/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Meios de Cultura/química , Plântula/microbiologia , Plântula/crescimento & desenvolvimento
18.
J Environ Manage ; 363: 121382, 2024 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38852416

RESUMO

Vegetation restoration not only extensively reshapes spatial land use patterns but also profoundly affects the dynamics of runoff and sediment loss. However, the influence of vegetation restoration on runoff and sediment yield from a regional perspective are scarce. This study therefore focused on 85 sites within the "Grain for Green" Project (GGP) region on the Loess Plateau, to investigate the impacts of the GGP on soil erosion. The results revealed a notable reduction in sediment loss and runoff due to vegetation restoration. Since the inception of the GGP in 1999, approximately 4.1 × 106 ha of degraded lands have been converted into forestlands, shrublands, and grasslands, resulting in an average annual reduction of 1.4 × 109 m3 in runoff and a decrease of 3.6 × 108 t in annual sediment loss on the whole Loess Plateau, with the GGP contributing approximately 26.7% of the sediment reduction in the Yellow River basin. The reduced soil erosion has mainly been regulated by vegetation cover, soil properties (clay, silt, and sand), slope, and precipitation on the Loess Plateau. The insights gained offer valuable contributions to large-scale assessments of changes in soil erosion in response to vegetation reconstruction and enhance our understanding of the spatial configurations associated with soil erosion control measures.

19.
J Cosmet Laser Ther ; : 1-16, 2024 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38852607

RESUMO

We aimed to determine the efficacy of the various available oral, topical, and procedural treatment options for hair loss in individuals with androgenic alopecia. Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, a systematic review of the National Library of Medicine was performed. Overall, 141 unique studies met our inclusion criteria. We demonstrate that many over the counter (e.g. topical minoxidil, supplements, low-level light treatment), prescription (e.g. oral minoxidil, finasteride, dutasteride), and procedural (e.g. platelet-rich plasma, fractionated lasers, hair transplantation) treatments successfully promote hair growth, highlighting the superiority of a multifaceted and individualized approach to management.

20.
J Environ Manage ; 362: 121168, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38823302

RESUMO

Targeted grazing to control undesirable plant species is increasingly of interest across a diversity of ecosystems, particularly as an alternative or complement to widely used herbicides. However, there are limited comprehensive evaluations of targeted grazing that evaluate both invasive species management effectiveness and potential negative effects on the ecosystem. Phragmites australis, a tall-statured, dense perennial invasive grass from Eurasia, is a pervasive problem in wetlands across the North American continent. As with many invasive species where management has historically relied on herbicides and resistance is a growing concern, land managers seek viable alternatives that have minimal negative ecosystem impacts. Grazing has been used for millennia to manage native Phragmites in Europe. Similarly, in its invasive range within North America, small-scale studies suggest Phragmites may be suppressed by grazers. Yet, the effectiveness of grazing at large scales and its effects on broader ecosystem properties remain largely unknown. We evaluated the influence of targeted grazing on vegetation, soil nutrients, and water nutrients over two years in large plots (∼300x the size of previous studies). We also tested the effects of mowing, a treatment that can be used to facilitate grazer access to large, dense Phragmites stands. In line with our predictions, we found that cattle grazing effectively suppressed invasive Phragmites over two years. Mowing reduced litter, and moderately reduced standing dead Phragmites, both of which suppress native plant germination in this system. However, these reductions in Phragmites were not accompanied by indications of native plant community recovery, as we had optimistically predicted. Despite the potential for grazing to reduce nutrient sequestration by plants and fertilize soils, we were surprised to find no clear negative effects of grazing on nutrient mobilization to groundwater or floodwater. Taken together, our findings indicate that targeted grazing, when implemented at broad scales over short time frames, is effective at achieving invasive plant management goals without sizable nutrient impacts. However, additional steps will be needed to achieve the restoration of diverse, robust native plant communities.


Assuntos
Espécies Introduzidas , Áreas Alagadas , Animais , Poaceae , Ecossistema , Solo , Herbivoria , Nutrientes
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