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1.
J World Fed Orthod ; 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609801

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is now possible to predictably distalize maxillary first molars in nongrowing patients with the infra-zygomatic gear distalizer and to improve malocclusions without having to extract the premolars and regardless of the patient's compliance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the amount and rate of distal movement of the maxillary first molars using our proposed appliance after extraction of maxillary second molars. METHODS: Ten nongrowing female patients successfully treated with our proposed appliance were the subjects of this study. The amount, rate, and type of distalization, were analyzed through upper jaw cone beam computed tomography (pre- and post-treatment) and scanned casts taken on a monthly interval. RESULTS: The average amount of distalization of the maxillary first molars was 4.03 mm at the crown level and 2.88 mm at the root level. The rate of distalization had an average of 0.61 mm per month with a maximum of 0.79 mm in the first month because of the regional acceleratory phenomena after extracting the maxillary second molar. CONCLUSIONS: The maxillary first molars were distalized in a significant manner and all patients reached a Class I relation within an average duration of 6.4 months. The proposed appliance proved to be a viable noncompliance modality to distalize maxillary first molars correcting maxillary Class II malocclusions characterized by maxillary protrusion or maxillary incisor crowding.

2.
J Funct Biomater ; 15(3)2024 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38535261

RESUMO

Miniscrews are devices that allow for absolute skeletal anchorage. However, their use has a higher failure rate (10-30%) than dental implants (10%). To overcome these flaws, chemical and/or mechanical treatment of the surface of miniscrews has been suggested. There is no consensus in the current literature about which of these methods is the gold standard; thus, our objective was to carry out a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature on surface treatments of miniscrews. The review protocol was registered (PROSPERO CRD42023408011) and is in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. A bibliographic search was carried out on PubMed via MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, Embase and Web of Science. The initial search of the databases yielded 1684 results, with 98 studies included in the review, with one article originating from the search in the bibliographic references of the included studies. The results of this systematic review show that the protocols of miniscrew surface treatments, such as acid-etching; sandblasting, large-grit and acid-etching; photofunctionalization with ultraviolet light; and photobiomodulation, can increase stability and the success of orthodontic treatment. The meta-analysis revealed that the treatment with the highest removal torque is SLA, followed by acid-etching. On the other hand, techniques such as oxidative anodization, anodization with pre-calcification and heat treatment, as well as deposition of chemical compounds, require further investigation to confirm their effectiveness.

3.
Int Orthod ; 22(2): 100868, 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471383

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Treatment of skeletal class II growing patients often requires the use of functional appliances, aimed at promoting mandibular advancement. Among these, Herbst appliance is recommended for its effectiveness, efficiency, and reduced need for compliance. Despite its skeletal favourable effects, well-known dental compensations can occur, especially when the appliance is not used close to the pubertal peak: upper incisors retroclination, lower incisors proclination, upper molars distalization and lower molars mesialization could reduce the overjet needed for a proper mandibular advancement. To counteract these unfavourable effects skeletal anchorage could be crucial. AIM: The aim of this case report is to describe and evaluate the effects of using a skeletally anchored Herbst appliance in an 18-year-old (CVM5) male patient with skeletal Class II malocclusion and a convex profile. TREATMENT PROTOCOL: The treatment started with a tooth-bone-borne palatal expansion, then the upper arch was bonded with pre-adjusted ceramic brackets. After 2months, a Manni Telescopic Herbst (MTH) supported by 4 miniscrews (two in the maxilla and two in the mandible) was applied. To avoid anchorage loss, TADs were connected with elastic chains to the arches. Nine months later, the Herbst was removed, the lower teeth were bonded and the patient wore class 2 elastics to stabilise the occlusion. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: After 24months the treatment goal was achieved with a considerable improvement of the profile and a clinically significant mandibular advancement (Pogonion moved forward 7mm). A one-year follow-up lateral X-rays showed a good stability of the result.

4.
Eur J Orthod ; 46(2)2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38315572

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the dental and skeletal effects of pure bone-borne, non-surgical maxillary expansion, using a modified force-controlled polycyclic protocol. METHODS: Records of 17 adult patients, mean age 24.1 years; range 18-39 years, who had undergone maxillary expansion using a bone-borne Quad-expander (with 4 mini-screws), were analysed. In all patients, 0.17 mm/day of expansion was completed for 1 week, followed by a cyclic protocol of expansion of forward and backward turns until the force needed to turn the expander was below 400 cN, assessed weekly. After this, expansion continued at a rate of 0.17 mm/day until the desired amount of expansion was achieved. Cone beam computer tomography scans were taken pre- and post-expansion. RESULTS: The mid-palatal suture was successfully opened in 100% of patients included in this study. Axially, the amount of skeletal opening at the posterior nasal spine was 61% of the anterior nasal spine. Expansion was pyramidal in the coronal plane. Significant increases at the dental and skeletal levels were achieved, with changes at the skeletal level reaching 73%. The alveolar bone angle increased more than the angular changes at the molars and premolars. LIMITATIONS: This is a retrospective study with short-term results. CONCLUSION: The Quad-expander, with a force-controlled polycyclic expansion protocol, effectively produced a significant increase in maxillary width in skeletally mature subjects in the short term.


Assuntos
Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Palato , Adulto , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Parafusos Ósseos
5.
J World Fed Orthod ; 13(1): 18-24, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38171974

RESUMO

This article examines the characteristics of hypodivergent craniofacial patterns and explores treatment modalities in response to these features. It discusses the impact of robust masticatory muscles, which produce heavy occlusal forces. In addition, it examines the use of Botox or splints to reduce gonial angles in individuals with a square face. A nonextraction treatment approach supported by temporary skeletal anchorage devices is recommended; however, if anatomical limitations persist, extraction may be necessary when arch expansion, molar distalization, incisor proclination, or interproximal reduction cannot create the necessary space. In hypodivergent cases where a nonextraction approach is impractical, a single-arch extraction strategy may be considered to prevent a reduction in the vertical dimension. Emphasizing esthetics, particularly maxillary incisor display, a protocol of total arch extrusion of the maxillary dentition assisted with temporary skeletal anchorage device, bite raisers, and interarch elastics is suggested.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Mandíbula , Humanos , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/terapia , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Estética Dentária , Dente Molar
6.
J World Fed Orthod ; 13(1): 10-17, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38176981

RESUMO

Deep bite is usually treated by intrusion of the anterior teeth, extrusion of the posterior teeth, or a combination thereof. Various traditional methods have been used to correct deep bites, but they can cause negative side effects. Recently, temporary skeletal anchorage devices (TSADs) have been used to intrude the anterior teeth simply and efficiently without side effects. The amount of incisal exposure at rest should be considered as the first factor in determining which tooth segment should be intruded to correct a deep bite. The center of resistance of the anterior teeth should be considered to achieve the proper biomechanics when intruding them. The location of TSADs should be determined to ensure sufficient interradicular bone to achieve the desired tooth movement. Therefore, clinicians should understand the biomechanical and clinical considerations to correct a deep bite using TSADs.


Assuntos
Mordida Aberta , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica , Sobremordida , Humanos , Mordida Aberta/terapia , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Parafusos Ósseos
7.
J World Fed Orthod ; 13(1): 2-9, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38185583

RESUMO

Anterior open bite can be effectively treated nonsurgically via molar intrusion. This technique, involving the intrusion of posterior teeth using temporary skeletal anchorage devices, prompts counterclockwise rotation of the mandible. This rotation not only corrects anterior open bite but also contributes to a decrease in anterior facial height, improvements in lip incompetency, and forward movement of the chin. For successful outcomes, temporary skeletal anchorage devices, installed on both the buccal and palatal sides, must deliver equivalent intrusion force to the maxillary teeth. Treatment planning should consider factors such as skeletal discrepancies, vertical excess, incisor exposure, and configuration of the occlusal plane. Clinicians are advised to closely monitor periodontal changes and consider overcorrection to ensure lasting stability and maintenance of incisal overlap post-treatment.


Assuntos
Mordida Aberta , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica , Humanos , Mordida Aberta/etiologia , Mordida Aberta/terapia , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica/efeitos adversos , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Cefalometria/métodos , Dente Molar
8.
Bioengineering (Basel) ; 11(1)2024 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38247968

RESUMO

Due to dental diseases, anatomical restrictions, and mixed dentition, the reduction in the number of teeth and the displacement of tooth germs pose challenges in orthodontic treatment, limiting anchorage options. The presented case demonstrates an advanced treatment solution using digital CAD/CAM-technologies and medical imaging for the creation of a mini-implant template. A 12-year-old male patient experiencing delayed tooth eruption, multiple impacted germs, and maxillary constriction underwent intraoral scanning and CBCT. Utilizing coDiagnostiXTM Version 10.2 software, the acquired data were merged to determine the mini-implant placement and to design the template. The template was then manufactured through stereolithography using surgical-guide material. Mini-implants were inserted using the produced appliance, enabling safe insertion by avoiding vital structures. Surgically exposed displaced teeth were aligned using a Hyrax screw appliance anchored on the mini-implants for rapid palatal expansion (RPE) and subsequently used as fixed orthodontics to align impacted teeth. The screw was activated daily for 10 weeks, resulting in a 7 mm posterior and 5 mm anterior maxillary transversal increase. Skeletal anchorage facilitated simultaneous RPE and tooth alignment, ensuring accuracy, patient safety, and appliance stability. The presented case shows a scenario in which computer-aided navigation for mini-implant positioning can enhance precision and versatility in challenging anatomical cases.

9.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 152, 2024 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38297285

RESUMO

TRIAL DESIGN: Parallel. OBJECTIVE: To compare skeletally anchored Carriere Motion appliance (CMA) for distalization of the maxillary buccal segment vs. Essix anchored CMA. METHODS: Thirty-two class II malocclusion patients were randomly allocated into two equal groups. One group was treated with infrazygomatic (IZC) miniscrew- anchored CMA (IZCG) and the other group treated with Essix retainer- anchored CMA (EXG). Two lateral cephalograms and two digital models for upper and lower arches were taken for each patient: immediately before intervention and after distalization had been completed. RESULTS: Distalization period was not significantly different between the two groups. In contrast to EXG, IZCG showed insignificant difference in ANB, lower incisor proclination, and mesial movement of the lower first molar. There was significant rotation with distal movement of maxillary canine and first molar in both groups. CONCLUSION: IZC anchored CMA could eliminate the side effects of class II elastics regarding lower incisor proclination, mesial movement lower molars with a more significant amount of distalization of the maxillary buccal segment but with significant molar rotation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The ClinicalTrials.gov Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) has this RCT registered as (NCT05499221) on 12/08/2022.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/métodos , Maxila , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/terapia , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/etiologia , Cefalometria/métodos , Desenho de Aparelho Ortodôntico
10.
Orthod Craniofac Res ; 27(2): 303-312, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37955169

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare changes in the maxillary posterior structure as seen in cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images resulting from facemask therapy using skeletal (miniplate/FM) anchorage versus tooth-borne anchorage (RME/FM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 20 patients divided into the miniplate/FM group (nine patients aged 9.5 ± 1.4 years) and the RME/FM group (11 patients aged 9.2 ± 1.4 years). CBCT images before and after facemask therapy were evaluated to assess changes in the maxillary posterior structure. RESULTS: The miniplate/FM group had greater advancement of the maxilla and midface compared to the RME/FM group (p < .05). Specifically, there was about three times more advancement of the pterygomaxillary suture in the miniplate/FM group than in the RME/FM group (p < .05). Moreover, the advancement of the pterygomaxillary suture was about half the advancement of A point in the miniplate/FM group, while only about 25% in the RME/FM group. Finally, the miniplate/FM group showed an increase in the transverse dimension of the posterior and superior parts of the maxilla (p < .05). CONCLUSION: There was greater forward movement of the pterygomaxillary suture with facemask therapy using the skeletal anchorage compared to tooth-borne anchorage, leading to a more significant advancement of the maxilla and midface.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle , Humanos , Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/cirurgia , Máscaras , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Aparelhos de Tração Extrabucal , Cefalometria/métodos
11.
Angle Orthod ; 94(2): 247-257, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37963549

RESUMO

Inadequate maxillary incisor display can negatively impact facial esthetics. Various treatment options exist depending on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. Skeletal anchorage was used to extrude the maxillary dentition and rotate the mandible backward, enhancing visibility of the maxillary incisors. An extrusion assembly was introduced to achieve orthodontic extrusion. Use of bite raisers and interarch elastics was also discussed. Treatment results demonstrated successful achievement of the treatment goals. In addition to optimal occlusion, the patient's facial profile improved with increased lip fullness. There was an increase in vertical facial height, and maxillary incisor display was significantly improved, resulting in a more pleasant smile. Two-year postretention records evidenced the stability of total arch extrusion to improve maxillary incisor display.


Assuntos
Incisivo , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica , Humanos , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/métodos , Dente Molar , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica/métodos , Mandíbula , Maxila , Cefalometria/métodos
12.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 36(1): 239-249, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37766643

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This case report demonstrates an interdisciplinary approach to treat a 26-year-old male patient with hyperdivergent Class II skeletal pattern, maxillary transverse deficiency, slight anterior open bite, and multiple hopeless teeth with root rests. CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS: An interdisciplinary treatment was required for oral hygiene improvement, caries treatment, extraction of residual roots and hopeless teeth, maxillary expansion using microimplant-assisted rapid palatal expansion, improvement of skeletal and dental relationship using orthodontic microimplants, and prosthetic restorations with the aid of dental implants. CONCLUSION: Consequently, esthetic and functional occlusal rehabilitation was achieved. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Hyperdivergent Class II facial and skeletal patterns with multiple missing teeth can be effectively treated using orthodontic skeletal anchorage. In young adults, the transverse discrepancy can be resolved using MARPE, which is also useful for improving the sagittal and vertical relationships. In the case of multiple missing teeth, orthodontic treatment can provide the proper space to facilitate dental implants to achieve optimal esthetics and function.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Cefalometria , Dentição , Maxila
13.
J World Fed Orthod ; 13(1): 38-47, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38158261

RESUMO

In the treatment of orthodontic patients with idiopathic condylar resorption, symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorders and constantly changing occlusions caused by an instability of mandibular position make it difficult for orthodontists to confirm definitive orthodontic diagnosis and treatment plans. Therefore, these patients' temporomandibular joint (TMJ) structures need to be stabilized with splint therapy before active tooth movement to identify and maintain the true mandibular position. For some idiopathic condylar resorption patients, orthognathic surgery can cause further resorption on the vulnerable condyles of the mandible; thus, effective orthodontic camouflage treatment after joint stabilization should be considered. During the orthodontic camouflage treatment, adverse loads on the TMJ structures, which could change the position of condyles, should be avoided, and TMJ-friendly mechanics must be applied.


Assuntos
Mordida Aberta , Humanos , Mordida Aberta/etiologia , Mordida Aberta/terapia , Contenções , Côndilo Mandibular , Mandíbula , Articulação Temporomandibular
14.
J World Fed Orthod ; 13(1): 25-37, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38155064

RESUMO

Temporary skeletal anchorage devices such as miniscrews are frequently used nowadays. Compared to miniplates, miniscrews are much less expensive and technically easier to place and remove; they are popular and can be easily placed by an orthodontist. Extra-alveolar miniscrews offer benefits compared to inter-radicular miniscrews, such as reduced risk of root damage and the lack of interference with the mesiodistal tooth movement. They are particularly useful for addressing anchorage loss issues and enabling specific tooth movements such as total arch maxillary and mandibular retraction, posterior distalization, molar protraction, molar intrusion, occlusal plane control, and midline correction. The present paper discusses the current biomechanics principles related to the use of extra-alveolar miniscrews placed in the infrazygomatic and mandibular buccal shelf.


Assuntos
Parafusos Ósseos , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Mandíbula
15.
Int J Comput Dent ; 0(0): 0, 2023 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37947208

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the failure rate of palatal computer-guided miniscrews, placed in paramedian and parapalatal regions for orthodontic purposes. In addition, to investigate the presence of a learning curve using computer guided miniscrew insertion, and to evaluate the peri-implant soft tissues response at 2-, 6- and 12- month follow-ups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 202 palatal computer-guided miniscrews were inserted in 78 subjects for orthodontic purposes. A surgical guide was designed after planning the appropriate insertion sites on three-dimensional images created by the fusion of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and digital dental model images. The devices were disassembled monthly to perform the percussion test and to evaluate the mobility of each miniscrew. To determine the presence of a learning curve, the time of miniscrew failures and the number of surgeries were evaluated. Bleeding on probing (BOP) and probing pocket depth (PPD) were recorded for each miniscrew, at 2- (T0), 6- (T1), and 12-month follow ups (T2). RESULTS: An immediate failure rate of 4.95%, due to lack of primary stability immediately following miniscrew insertion, was recorded, with statistically significant higher failure rate of parapalatal miniscrews (P= 0.00). Miniscrew failure occurred at random time, with an absence of a learning curve. The BOP (mean: 3.13%) and PPD (mean: 1.68mm) measurements remained stable over time. CONCLUSIONS: Computer-guided miniscrew insertion in the palatal vault showed a low failure rate without a determined learning curve to obtain predictable results and with long-term stability of peri-implant soft tissues indexes.

16.
J Orofac Orthop ; 2023 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37962639

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Total mandibular arch mesialization using mini-implants is challenging due to anatomic limitations. The aim of this study was to introduce a mini-implant-supported device for total mesialization of the mandibular dentition and to analyze the biomechanical properties of the device. METHODS: Finite element models were constructed to explore the effect of friction and force direction on the force transmission efficiency of the device. In addition, the three-dimensional displacement of each tooth was evaluated with two force application points (2 or 8 mm hooks) under three force conditions (symmetric: 150 g of force on both sides, or asymmetric: 100 and 200 g of force on each side). RESULTS: The force transmission efficiency was 66.7% under a friction coefficient of 0.15 and parallel pushing and pulling forces. The force transmission efficiency was 65.90 and 66.63% when the pushing force was 15° away from the pulling force on the sagittal and horizontal planes, respectively. The mandibular dentition moved mesially with a greater tendency for incisor labial crown tipping, mesial molar rotation and buccal second molar crown tipping when using the 8 mm hook compared to that when using the 2 mm hook. Rigid archwires resulted in more consistent tooth mesialization than stainless steel archwires. Asymmetric forces resulted in asymmetric dental arch mesialization. CONCLUSION: The forces transmitted by the presented mini-implant-supported device varied depending on the friction level and force direction. The device should be able to achieve symmetric or asymmetric total mesialization of the mandibular dentition.

17.
Cureus ; 15(9): e45274, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37846257

RESUMO

Introduction The aim of the study is to determine the effects of different vertical force vectors acting on dentoalveolar and soft tissues while applying a retraction force using various anchorage sources and their effects on these tissues. Material and methods Based on the selection criteria, a total of 35 patient case records with Angle's Class I bidental malocclusion and incompetent lips treated with four premolar extractions were included. Retraction was achieved using a NiTi coil spring with two different force vectors. The anchorage in group 1 was enhanced by a transpalatal arch (TPA) and Lower Stabilizing Arch (LSA) in the upper and lower arch, respectively, with a force vector parallel to the occlusal plane, whereas in group 2, the force vector using Temporary Anchorage Devices (TADs) was 15 - 20 degrees to the occlusal plane. The skeletal, dental, and soft tissue were obtained using 40 parameters. Intra-group comparisons between pre- and post-treatment records were conducted using a paired t-test, while inter-group comparisons were conducted using an independent t-test. Result Significant anchor loss was observed in group 1, indicated by mesial movement of molar crowns by (-2.10±0.50) in the maxillary arch and (-1.75±0.38) in the mandibular arch. Distal movement of incisors following premolar extractions with both studied force vectors resulted in an improvement in lip procumbency and incisor inclinations, without any significant skeletal changes. Molar mesial movement was observed in subjects treated with conventional anchorage. Conclusion En masse anterior retraction did lead to anchorage loss when carried out without TADs. Altering the force vector did not produce significant changes in tooth movement along the vertical plane.

18.
Int Orthod ; 21(4): 100813, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37776697

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Various designs of mini-implants assisted rapid palatal expander (MARPE) appliances can impact treatment effectiveness through their biomechanical effects. The purpose of the study was to study the stress distribution and displacement with four different designs of the MARPE appliance on the craniofacial complex. METHODS: A 3D finite element model of the craniofacial complex was created from CBCT DICOM data, comprising four distinct groups. Each group consisted of one 4-hole expansion screw positioned between the second premolar and first molar in all models. Group 1 used four single-cortical mini-implants (1.5×8mm) engaging only the palatal cortex. Group 2 employed four mini-implants (1.5×11mm) engaging both the palatal and nasal cortices. Group 3 had monocortical implants on the palatal slopes, while Group 4 was similar to group 3 with implants in the acrylic wings. Comparisons between groups were made for anchorage (groups 1 and 2), mini-implant position (groups 1 and 3) and surface effect (groups 3 and 4). Von Mises stresses and displacements at various skeletal and dental points were evaluated using ANSYS software. RESULTS: The highest stresses were observed in the maxillary, pterygoid and zygomatic bones, as well as in the mid- palatal suture in all four groups. Downward and forward rotation of the craniofacial complex was noted. Group 2 showed greater skeletal expansion than group 1. Among groups 1 and 3, group 3 showed a better stress distribution. Group 4 showed less dentoalveolar rotation than group 3. CONCLUSIONS: The MARPE appliances had an impact on the craniofacial complex with stresses on the mid-palatal suture, maxillary bone, pterygoid bones and anterior teeth. Clockwise rotation of the maxilla, zygomatic bones and dentition was noted, while the pterygoid bones and pterygoid suture were displaced backwards. MARPE with bicortical anchorage produces better skeletal expansion. Placing implants on the palatal slopes with acrylic wings results in better skeletal expansion with less clockwise rotation of the dentition.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Humanos , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Palato/diagnóstico por imagem , Zigoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Zigoma/cirurgia , Técnica de Expansão Palatina
19.
Int Orthod ; 21(4): 100809, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37651761

RESUMO

This case series describes the soft tissue changes following extraction treatment in two patients with diverse lip thickness, but with similar baseline parameters including: labial competence, soft tissue profile, patient's age, extraction protocol, methods of anchorage, malocclusion, crowding, treatment appliance and mechanics. The same treatment plan involved upper first premolar extractions and lingual appliance combined with skeletal anchorage. The lip thickness played a crucial role in these cases, since a similar change of the incisor position leads to a different profile variation. This difference could be explained by the differing initial lip thicknesses as the patient with thin lips showed a more pronounced profilometric change. The choice of the ideal treatment plan must be tailored to the individual patient, taking into account not only initial skeletal and dental factors but also soft tissue factors, as well as the treatment goals.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Extração Dentária , Humanos , Dente Pré-Molar/cirurgia , Cefalometria , Má Oclusão/terapia , Incisivo , Lábio
20.
Cureus ; 15(6): e41238, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37529522

RESUMO

Orthodontic treatment often faces challenges in achieving proper anchorage. While orthodontic mini-implants have gained popularity, no universally accepted design and insertion protocol exists for these implants. However, their relatively modest failure rate indicates their clinical reliability. To address complex geometries in the maxilla and mandible, patient-specific implants (PSIs) have emerged as a solution. PSI is currently employed in various domains of oral and maxillofacial surgery like temporomandibular joint (TMJ), total joint replacement, reconstruction of the facial skeleton, and orthognathic surgery. PSI allows for the creation of customized implant fits, leading to shorter rehabilitation times. This case report presents a multidisciplinary approach involving oral surgery and orthodontics, specifically focusing on the design of PSI, surgical placement of PSI, and use of PSI in maxillary protraction in orthodontics. The report highlights the design process of designing PSI and emphasizes its role in orthodontic treatment. By incorporating PSI as a temporary anchorage device (TAD), enhanced stability, precise control over tooth movement, and accurate repositioning of jaws can be achieved. The collaborative effort between orthodontists and oral surgeons is crucial in integrating PSI into the overall treatment plan. Despite the higher costs associated with PSI, their numerous advantages outweigh these drawbacks. PSI plays a vital role in providing enhanced stability, appropriate treatment plan, and achieving desired treatment in orthodontic and oral surgery procedures.

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