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1.
Eur Heart J ; 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733175

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In patients with chronic heart failure (HF), the MONITOR-HF trial demonstrated the efficacy of pulmonary artery (PA)-guided HF therapy over standard of care in improving quality of life and reducing HF hospitalizations and mean PA pressure. This study aimed to evaluate the consistency of these benefits in relation to clinically relevant subgroups. METHODS: The effect of PA-guided HF therapy was evaluated in the MONITOR-HF trial among predefined subgroups based on age, sex, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, left ventricular ejection fraction, HF aetiology, cardiac resynchronisation therapy, and implantable cardioverter defibrillator. Outcome measures were based upon significance in the main trial and included quality of life, clinical, and PA pressure endpoints, and were assessed for each subgroup. Differential effects in relation to the subgroups were assessed with interaction terms. Both unadjusted and multiple testing adjusted interaction terms were presented. RESULTS: The effects of PA monitoring on quality of life, clinical events, and PA pressure were consistent in the predefined subgroups, without any clinically relevant heterogeneity within or across all endpoint categories (all adjusted interaction P-values were nonsignificant). In the unadjusted analysis of the primary endpoint quality-of-life change, weak trends towards a less pronounced effect in older patients (Pinteraction = 0.03; adjusted Pinteraction = 0.33) and diabetics (Pinteraction = 0.01; adjusted Pinteraction = 0.06) were observed. However, these interaction effects did not persist after adjusting for multiple testing. CONCLUSIONS: This subgroup analysis confirmed the consistent benefits of PA-guided HF therapy observed in the MONITOR-HF trial across clinically relevant subgroups, highlighting its efficacy in improving quality of life, clinical, and PA pressure endpoints in chronic HF patients.

2.
Ophthalmol Ther ; 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704812

RESUMO

The pending introduction of home-based optical coherence tomography (OCT) in managing neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) has sparked interesting debates. Advocates assert that home-based OCT will revolutionize care of patients with nAMD, while skeptics question its real-world viability and point out its potential drawbacks. This article delves into the dichotomy, presenting the "pro" argument highlighting the transformative potential of home OCT and the "con" perspective, which scrutinizes the limitations and challenges to adapting the technology to the real-world setting. By exploring both sides of the discourse, we aim to address the promises and complexities surrounding the role of home OCT in the management of nAMD.

3.
J Cardiol ; 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multi-parametric assessment, including heart sounds in addition to conventional parameters, may enhance the efficacy of noninvasive telemonitoring for heart failure (HF). We sought to assess the feasibility of self-telemonitoring with multiple devices including a handheld heart sound recorder and its association with clinical events in patients with HF. METHODS: Ambulatory HF patients recorded their own heart sounds, mono­lead electrocardiograms, oxygen saturation, body weight, and vital signs using multiple devices every morning for six months. RESULTS: In the 77 patients enrolled (63 ±â€¯13 years old, 84 % male), daily measurements were feasible with a self-measurement rate of >70 % of days in 75 % of patients. Younger age and higher Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire scores were independently associated with lower adherence (p = 0.002 and 0.027, respectively). A usability questionnaire showed that 87 % of patients felt self-telemonitoring was helpful, and 96 % could use the devices without routine cohabitant support. Six patients experienced ten HF events of re-hospitalization and/or unplanned hospital visits due to HF. In patients who experienced HF events, a significant increase in heart rate and diastolic blood pressure and a decrease in the time interval from Q wave onset to the second heart sound were observed 7 days before the events compared with those without HF events. CONCLUSIONS: Self-telemonitoring with multiple devices including a handheld heart sound recorder was feasible even in elderly patients with HF. This intervention may confer a sense of relief to patients and enable monitoring of physiological parameters that could be valuable in detecting the deterioration of HF.

4.
Int J Cardiol ; 408: 132116, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703898

RESUMO

The management of heart failure has undergone significant evolution, advancing from the initial utilization of digitalis and diuretics to the contemporary practice of personalized medicine and sophisticated device therapy. Despite these advancements, the persistent challenge of high hospitalization and readmission rates underscores an urgent need for innovative solutions. This manuscript explores how the integration of digital health technologies into interventional cardiology marks a paradigm shift in the management of heart failure. These technologies are no longer mere adjuncts but have become foundational to a modern approach, providing tools for continuous monitoring, patient education, and improved outcomes post-intervention. Through an examination of current trends, this perspective article highlights the transformative impact of wearable technologies, telehealth platforms, and advanced analytical tools in reshaping patient engagement and enabling proactive care strategies. Case studies illustrate the practical advantages, including enhanced medication adherence, early detection of heart failure signs, and a reduction in healthcare facility burdens. Central to this new digital health landscape is the Information Technology Management (ITM) system, a framework poised to revolutionize patient and caregiver engagement and pave the way for the future of interventional cardiology. This manuscript delineates the ITM system's innovative architecture and its consequential role in refining current and prospective cardiological interventions.

5.
Curr Heart Fail Rep ; 21(3): 186-193, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38662154

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Heart failure (HF) is a major public health problem worldwide, affecting more than 64 million people [1]. The complex and severe nature of HF presents challenges in providing cost-effective care as patients often require multiple hospitalizations and treatments. This review of relevant studies with focus on the last 10 years summarizes the health and economic implications of various HF treatment options in Europe and beyond. Although the main cost drivers in HF treatment are clinical (re)admission and decompensation of HF, an assessment of the economic impacts of various other device therapy options for HF care are included in this review. This includes: cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) such as cardiac-resynchronisation-therapy devices that include pacemaking (CRT-P), cardiac-resynchronisation-therapy devices that include defibrillation (CRT-D), implantable cardioverter/defibrillators (ICDs) and various types of pacemakers. The impact of (semi)automated (tele)monitoring as a relevant factor for increasing both the quality and economic impact of care is also taken into consideration. Quality of life adjusted life years (QALYs) are used in the overall context as a composite metric reflecting quantity and quality of life as a standardized measurement of incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICER) of different device-based HF interventions. RECENT FINDINGS: In terms of the total cost of different devices, CRT-Ds were found in several studies to be more expensive than all other devices in regards to runtime and maintenance costs including (re)implantation. In the case of CRT combined with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (CRT-D) versus ICD alone, CRT-D was found to be the most cost-effective treatment in research work over the past 10 years. Further comparison between CRT-D vs. CRT-P does not show an economic advantage of CRT-D as a minority of patients require shock therapy. Furthermore, a positive health economic effect and higher survival rate is seen in CRT-P full ventricular stimulation vs. right heart only stimulation. Telemedical care has been found to provide a positive health economic impact for selected patient groups-even reducing patient mortality. For heart failure both in ICD and CRT-D subgroups the given telemonitoring benefit seems to be greater in higher-risk populations with a worse HF prognosis. In patients with HF, all CIED therapies are in the range of commonly accepted cost-effectiveness. QALY and ICER calculations provide a more nuanced understanding of the economic impact these therapies create in the healthcare landscape. For severe cases of HF, CRT-D with telemedical care seems to be the better option from a health economic standpoint, as therapy is more expensive, but costs per QALY range below the commonly accepted threshold.


Assuntos
Análise Custo-Benefício , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Humanos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/economia , Desfibriladores Implantáveis/economia , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/economia , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/métodos , Dispositivos de Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/economia , Qualidade de Vida , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Marca-Passo Artificial/economia
6.
J Med Internet Res ; 26: e48463, 2024 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38648090

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patient and staff experience is a vital factor to consider in the evaluation of remote patient monitoring (RPM) interventions. However, no comprehensive overview of available RPM patient and staff experience-measuring methods and tools exists. OBJECTIVE: This review aimed at obtaining a comprehensive set of experience constructs and corresponding measuring instruments used in contemporary RPM research and at proposing an initial set of guidelines for improving methodological standardization in this domain. METHODS: Full-text papers reporting on instances of patient or staff experience measuring in RPM interventions, written in English, and published after January 1, 2011, were considered for eligibility. By "RPM interventions," we referred to interventions including sensor-based patient monitoring used for clinical decision-making; papers reporting on other kinds of interventions were therefore excluded. Papers describing primary care interventions, involving participants under 18 years of age, or focusing on attitudes or technologies rather than specific interventions were also excluded. We searched 2 electronic databases, Medline (PubMed) and EMBASE, on February 12, 2021.We explored and structured the obtained corpus of data through correspondence analysis, a multivariate statistical technique. RESULTS: In total, 158 papers were included, covering RPM interventions in a variety of domains. From these studies, we reported 546 experience-measuring instances in RPM, covering the use of 160 unique experience-measuring instruments to measure 120 unique experience constructs. We found that the research landscape has seen a sizeable growth in the past decade, that it is affected by a relative lack of focus on the experience of staff, and that the overall corpus of collected experience measures can be organized in 4 main categories (service system related, care related, usage and adherence related, and health outcome related). In the light of the collected findings, we provided a set of 6 actionable recommendations to RPM patient and staff experience evaluators, in terms of both what to measure and how to measure it. Overall, we suggested that RPM researchers and practitioners include experience measuring as part of integrated, interdisciplinary data strategies for continuous RPM evaluation. CONCLUSIONS: At present, there is a lack of consensus and standardization in the methods used to measure patient and staff experience in RPM, leading to a critical knowledge gap in our understanding of the impact of RPM interventions. This review offers targeted support for RPM experience evaluators by providing a structured, comprehensive overview of contemporary patient and staff experience measures and a set of practical guidelines for improving research quality and standardization in this domain.


Assuntos
Telemedicina , Humanos , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Monitorização Fisiológica/instrumentação , Telemedicina/métodos , Telemedicina/normas , Satisfação do Paciente
7.
J Clin Med ; 13(7)2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38610873

RESUMO

The advent of telemedicine marked a significant turning point in the healthcare landscape, introducing a revolutionary approach to the delivery of medical care. Digital technologies easily connect health professionals and patients, overcoming geographical and temporal barriers. Telemedicine has been used for sleep disorders including obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) since the mid-1990s. In adult patients with OSAS, telemedicine is helpful both for consultation and diagnosis, the latter obtained through remote recordings of oxygen saturation and further parameters registered with telemonitored respiratory polygraphy or polysomnography. Remote monitoring can be used to follow up the patient and verify adherence to daily treatments including continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). In children, studies on the role of telemedicine in OSAS are scarce. This narrative review aims to describe the application of telemedicine in children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), assessing its advantages and disadvantages. In patients with OSA, telemedicine is applicable at every stage of patient management, from diagnosis to treatment monitoring also in pediatric and adolescent ages. While telemedicine offers convenience and accessibility in healthcare delivery, its application in managing OSAS could be associated with some disadvantages, including limitations in physical examination, access to diagnostic tools, and education and counseling; technology barriers; and privacy concerns. The adoption of a hybrid approach, integrating both in-office and virtual appointments, could effectively meet the needs of children with OSAS. However, more studies are needed to fully assess the effectiveness and safety of telemedicine in the pediatric population.

8.
Soins ; 69(884): 9-15, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614525

RESUMO

The incidence of chronic heart failure continues to rise in Western countries, justifying the implementation of an optimized multidisciplinary organization based on medical and nursing convergence. Around the main heart failure, assistance and transplantation unit at Toulouse University Hospital, several structures have been put in place to better manage heart failure patients and improve their care pathway.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Clínicos , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Humanos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Hospitais Universitários
9.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 313: 158-159, 2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38682523

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Self-recorded EEG by patients at home might present a viable alternative to inpatient epilepsy evaluations. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: We developed a novel telemonitoring system comprising seamlessly integrated hard- and software with automated AI-based EEG analysis. RESULTS: The first complete study participation results demonstrate feasibility and clinical utility. CONCLUSION: Our telemonitoring solution potentially improves treatment of patients with epilepsy and moreover might help to better distribute resources in the healthcare system.


Assuntos
Eletroencefalografia , Epilepsia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Telemedicina , Humanos , Eletroencefalografia/métodos , Epilepsia/diagnóstico , Telemedicina/métodos , Inteligência Artificial , Software , Masculino , Feminino
10.
Life (Basel) ; 14(4)2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38672777

RESUMO

Heart failure is one of the leading causes of hospitalizations and mortality all over the world. There are literature data about the favorable influence of telemedicine support on mortality and hospitalization rate in patients with heart failure, and thus, the results of different studies are controversial. AIM: To estimate the effect of telemedicine support on hospitalization and mortality in patients with heart failure. METHODS: The literature search was conducted in databases Google Scholar, MedLine, Clinical Trials, PubMed, Embase, and Crossref with the following key words: "heart failure", "telemedicine", "telemonitoring", "hospitalisation (hospitalization)", "mortality". We included studies that were conducted during the last 10 years. In total, we analyzed 1151 records. After screening, 14 randomized control trials were included in the final analysis. RESULTS: The conducted meta-analysis showed that telemedicine support is accompanied by a decrease in heart failure-related hospitalizations (risk ratio (RR) 0.78 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.68-0.89)) and a decrease in all-cause mortality (RR 0.84 (95% CI 0.75-0.94)). We did not find a significant association between telemedicine support and all-cause hospitalizations. We did not analyze heart failure-related mortality because of insufficient data. CONCLUSION: Telemedicine support is accompanied by a decrease in heart failure-related hospitalizations and a decrease in all-cause mortality in patients with heart failure.

11.
Rheumatol Adv Pract ; 8(2): rkae036, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584853

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the experiences, perceived benefits and disadvantages of home monitoring of pulmonary function in SSc patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD). Methods: Semistructured interviews were conducted among SSc-ILD patients who used the home monitoring application of pulmonary function for at least 3 months. In our program, patients are instructed to perform home spirometry weekly at fixed time points using a mobile application with results being directly visible for patients and physicians. Audiotapes of the interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed using inductive thematic analysis after performing a member check. Results: A total of 13 patients were interviewed, with a median age of 58 years (range 36-75) and a median experience with home monitoring of 12 months (range 3-12). We identified four major themes, including routine of telemonitoring, impact of telemonitoring, trust in telemonitoring and implementation in regular healthcare. Overall, patients found performing home spirometry to be feasible. Major perceived benefits of performing home spirometry are an increase in patient empowerment, better understanding of the disease course and a reduction in hospital visits, whereas identified disadvantages are an emotional burden of telemonitoring, heightened awareness of illness, doubts about its validity and the need for digital competencies. All patients expressed their willingness to continue, although some patients emphasized the need for face-to-face visits. Conclusion: Telemonitoring of pulmonary function is accepted by SSc-ILD patients with the perceived benefits outweighing the disadvantages. Adopting a patient-centred strategy that considers individual factors and addresses concerns proactively is warranted to successfully implement home spirometry.

12.
J Med Internet Res ; 26: e47616, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38640471

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Telemonitoring patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) can improve their care management. However, the results of cost-effectiveness studies are heterogeneous. Therefore, it is still a matter of debate whether telemonitoring is worth the investment. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aims to investigate the cost-effectiveness of telemonitoring patients with CIEDs, focusing on its key drivers, and the impact of the varying perspectives. METHODS: A systematic review was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and EconLit. The search was completed on July 7, 2022. Studies were included if they fulfilled the following criteria: patients had a CIED, comparison with standard care, and inclusion of health economic evaluations (eg, cost-effectiveness analyses and cost-utility analyses). Only complete and peer-reviewed studies were included, and no year limits were applied. The exclusion criteria included studies with partial economic evaluations, systematic reviews or reports, and studies without standard care as a control group. Besides general study characteristics, the following outcome measures were extracted: impact on total cost or income, cost or income drivers, cost or income drivers per patient, cost or income drivers as a percentage of the total cost impact, incremental cost-effectiveness ratios, or cost-utility ratios. Quality was assessed using the Consensus Health Economic Criteria checklist. RESULTS: Overall, 15 cost-effectiveness analyses were included. All studies were performed in Western countries, mainly Europe, and had primarily a male participant population. Of the 15 studies, 3 (20%) calculated the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio, 1 (7%) the cost-utility ratio, and 11 (73%) the health and cost impact of telemonitoring. In total, 73% (11/15) of the studies indicated that telemonitoring of patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) and cardiac resynchronization therapy ICDs was cost-effective and cost-saving, both from a health care and patient perspective. Cost-effectiveness results for telemonitoring of patients with pacemakers were inconclusive. The key drivers for cost reduction from a health care perspective were hospitalizations and scheduled in-office visits. Hospitalization costs were reduced by up to US $912 per patient per year. Scheduled in-office visits included up to 61% of the total cost reduction. Key drivers for cost reduction from a patient perspective were loss of income, cost for scheduled in-office visits and transport. Finally, of the 15 studies, 8 (52%) reported improved quality of life, with statistically significance in only 1 (13%) study (P=.03). CONCLUSIONS: From a health care and patient perspective, telemonitoring of patients with an ICD or a cardiac resynchronization therapy ICD is a cost-effective and cost-saving alternative to standard care. Inconclusive results were found for patients with pacemakers. However, telemonitoring can lead to a decrease in providers' income, mainly due to a lack of reimbursement. Introducing appropriate reimbursement could make telemonitoring sustainable for providers while still being cost-effective from a health care payer perspective. TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42022322334; https://tinyurl.com/puunapdr.


Assuntos
Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Análise Custo-Benefício , Qualidade de Vida , Europa (Continente)
13.
BMC Prim Care ; 25(1): 127, 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38654201

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Considering time-consuming, cost-related limitations of laboratory-based HbA1c testing and follow-up clinic visits for diabetes management, it is important to explore alternative care models which incorporate point-of-care testing for HbA1c to monitor glycaemic control and related management. METHODS: Therefore, we adopted an implementation perspective to conduct one group pre- and post-intervention feasibility pilot assessing feasibility, acceptability and satisfaction with conducting home HbA1c test by patients with type 2 diabetes coupled with telemonitoring and teleconsultations (i.e., the Primary Technology Enhanced Care (PTEC) Home HbA1c Testing (HAT) Programme) in Singaporean primary care setting. The secondary objective was to compare the HbA1c, blood pressure and primary care visits at the end or during intervention, vs. 6 months before. Adult patients with type 2 diabetes with HbA1c ≤ 8% without any diabetes complications and having phone compatibility were recruited. Data was collected via patient self-reports and electronic medical records extraction. While summary statistics and paired t-test were computed for quantitative data, open-ended feedback was analysed using content analysis. RESULTS: A total of 33 participants completed the intervention out of 37 (33/37 = 89%) recruited from 73 eligible (37/73 = 51%). Most were either 51 to 60 years old (46.9%) or more than 60 years (37.5%), with more males (53.1%) and majority Chinese (93.8%). Majority (81.3%) felt that home HbA1c testing was beneficial with most commonly reported benefit of not having a clinic visit. A key finding was the average of diabetes-related visits being significantly lower post-intervention with comparable HbA1c values pre- and post-intervention. The most commonly reported challenge was using Bluetooth to transmit the reading (43.7%), followed by having too many steps to remember (28.1%). While participants reported being overall satisfied with the intervention, only 22% were willing to pay for it. CONCLUSION: Our findings support home HbA1c testing by patients coupled with telemonitoring and teleconsultations. Following are practical recommendations for the implementation scaling phase: offering PTEC HAT Programme to suitable patients who are self-motivated and have adequate digital literacy, provision of adequate educational and training support, sending reminders and exploring enabling manual submission of HbA1c readings considering Bluetooth-related challenges.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Hemoglobinas Glicadas , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Hemoglobinas Glicadas/análise , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar , Satisfação do Paciente , Projetos Piloto , Testes Imediatos , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Singapura , Telemedicina/métodos , Autoteste
14.
J Med Internet Res ; 26: e53500, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38687991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Digital health interventions (DHIs) have shown promising results in enhancing the management of heart failure (HF). Although health care interventions are increasingly being delivered digitally, with growing evidence on the potential cost-effectiveness of adopting them, there has been little effort to collate and synthesize the findings. OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to systematically review the economic evaluations that assess the adoption of DHIs in the management and treatment of HF. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using 3 electronic databases: PubMed, EBSCOhost, and Scopus. Articles reporting full economic evaluations of DHIs for patients with HF published up to July 2023 were eligible for inclusion. Study characteristics, design (both trial based and model based), input parameters, and main results were extracted from full-text articles. Data synthesis was conducted based on the technologies used for delivering DHIs in the management of patients with HF, and the findings were analyzed narratively. The PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines were followed for this systematic review. The reporting quality of the included studies was evaluated using the CHEERS (Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards) guidelines. RESULTS: Overall, 27 economic evaluations were included in the review. The economic evaluations were based on models (13/27, 48%), trials (13/27, 48%), or a combination approach (1/27, 4%). The devices evaluated included noninvasive remote monitoring devices (eg, home telemonitoring using digital tablets or specific medical devices that enable transmission of physiological data), telephone support, mobile apps and wearables, remote monitoring follow-up in patients with implantable medical devices, and videoconferencing systems. Most of the studies (24/27, 89%) used cost-utility analysis. The majority of the studies (25/27, 93%) were conducted in high-income countries, particularly European countries (16/27, 59%) such as the United Kingdom and the Netherlands. Mobile apps and wearables, remote monitoring follow-up in patients with implantable medical devices, and videoconferencing systems yielded cost-effective results or even emerged as dominant strategies. However, conflicting results were observed, particularly in noninvasive remote monitoring devices and telephone support. In 15% (4/27) of the studies, these DHIs were found to be less costly and more effective than the comparators (ie, dominant), while 33% (9/27) reported them to be more costly but more effective with incremental cost-effectiveness ratios below the respective willingness-to-pay thresholds (ie, cost-effective). Furthermore, in 11% (3/27) of the studies, noninvasive remote monitoring devices and telephone support were either above the willingness-to-pay thresholds or more costly than, yet as effective as, the comparators (ie, not cost-effective). In terms of reporting quality, the studies were classified as good (20/27, 74%), moderate (6/27, 22%), or excellent (1/27, 4%). CONCLUSIONS: Despite the conflicting results, the main findings indicated that, overall, DHIs were more cost-effective than non-DHI alternatives. TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42023388241; https://tinyurl.com/2p9axpmc.


Assuntos
Análise Custo-Benefício , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Telemedicina , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/economia , Humanos , Telemedicina/economia , Telemedicina/métodos , Saúde Digital
15.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(8)2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38676163

RESUMO

Heart failure (HF) is a multi-faceted, complex clinical syndrome characterized by significant morbidity, high mortality rate, reduced quality of life, and rapidly increasing healthcare costs. A larger proportion of these costs comprise both ambulatory and emergency department visits, as well as hospital admissions. Despite the methods used by telehealth (TH) to improve self-care and quality of life, patient outcomes remain poor. HF management is associated with numerous challenges, such as conflicting evidence from clinical trials, heterogeneity of TH devices, variability in patient inclusion and exclusion criteria, and discrepancies between healthcare systems. A growing body of evidence suggests there is an unmet need for increased individualization of in-hospital management, continuous remote monitoring of patients pre and post-hospital admission, and continuation of treatment post-discharge in order to reduce re-hospitalizations and improve long-term outcomes. This review summarizes the current state-of-the-art for HF and associated novel technologies and advancements in the most frequently used types of TH (implantable sensors), categorizing devices in their preclinical and clinical stage, bench-to-bedside implementation challenges, and future perspectives on remote HF management to improve long-term outcomes of HF patients. The Review also highlights recent advancements in non-invasive remote monitoring technologies demonstrated by a few pilot observational prospective cohort studies.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Telemedicina , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Humanos , Telemedicina/métodos , Qualidade de Vida , Doença Crônica , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Monitorização Fisiológica/instrumentação
16.
JMIR Res Protoc ; 13: e55829, 2024 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38501508

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs) are chronic diseases that may alternate between asymptomatic periods and flares. These conditions require complex treatments and close monitoring by rheumatologists to mitigate their effects and improve the patient's quality of life. Often, delays in outpatient consultations or the patient's difficulties in keeping appointments make such close follow-up challenging. For this reason, it is very important to have open communication between patients and health professionals. In this context, implementing telemonitoring in the field of rheumatology has great potential, as it can facilitate the close monitoring of patients with RMDs. The use of these tools helps patients self-manage certain aspects of their disease. This could result in fewer visits to emergency departments and consultations, as well as enable better therapeutic compliance and identification of issues that would otherwise go unnoticed. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study is to evaluate the implementation of a hybrid care model called the mixed attention model (MAM) in clinical practice and determine whether its implementation improves clinical outcomes compared to conventional follow-up. METHODS: This is a multicenter prospective observational study involving 360 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and spondylarthritis (SpA) from 5 Spanish hospitals. The patients will be followed up by the MAM protocol, which is a care model that incorporates a digital tool consisting of a mobile app that patients can use at home and professionals can review asynchronously to detect incidents and follow patients' clinical evolution between face-to-face visits. Another group of patients, whose follow-up will be conducted in accordance with a traditional face-to-face care model, will be assessed as the control group. Sociodemographic characteristics, treatments, laboratory parameters, assessment of tender and swollen joints, visual analog scale for pain, and electronic patient-reported outcome (ePRO) reports will be collected for all participants. In the MAM group, these items will be self-assessed via both the mobile app and during face-to-face visits with the rheumatologist, who will do the same for patients included in the traditional care model. The patients will be able to report any incidence related to their disease or treatment through the mobile app. RESULTS: Participant recruitment began in March 2024 and will continue until December 2024. The follow-up period will be extended by 12 months for all patients. Data collection and analysis are scheduled for completion in December 2025. CONCLUSIONS: This paper aims to provide a detailed description of the development and implementation of a digital solution, specifically an MAM. The goal is to achieve significant economic and psychosocial impact within our health care system by enhancing control over RMDs. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT06273306; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT06273306. INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED REPORT IDENTIFIER (IRRID): PRR1-10.2196/55829.


Assuntos
Telemedicina , Humanos , Telemedicina/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Artrite Reumatoide/terapia , Espanha , Masculino , Feminino
17.
Methods Protoc ; 7(2)2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38525782

RESUMO

Cancer, a pervasive global health challenge, necessitates chemotherapy or radiotherapy treatments for many prevalent forms. However, traditional follow-up approaches encounter limitations, exacerbated by the recent COVID-19 pandemic. Consequently, telemonitoring has emerged as a promising solution, although its clinical implementation lacks comprehensive evidence. This report depicts the methodology of a randomized trial which aims to investigate whether leveraging a smartphone app called Contigo for disease monitoring enhances self-reported quality of life among patients with various solid cancers compared to standard care. Secondary objectives encompass evaluating the app's impact on depressive symptoms and assessing adherence to in-person appointments. Randomization will be performed independently using an allocation sequence that will be kept concealed from clinical investigators. Contigo offers two primary functions: monitoring cancer patients' progress and providing educational content to assist patients in managing common clinical situations related to their disease. The study will assess outcomes such as quality of life changes and depressive symptom development using validated scales, and adherence to in-person appointments. Specific scales include the EuroQol Group's EQ-5D questionnaire and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). We hypothesize that the use of Contigo will assist and empower patients receiving cancer treatment, which will translate to better quality of life scores and a reduced incidence of depressive symptoms. All analyses will be undertaken with the intention-to-treat principle by a statistician unaware of treatment allocation. This trial is registered in ClinicalTrials under the registration number NCT06086990.

18.
J Telemed Telecare ; : 1357633X241238483, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38532732

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adherence to continuous positive air pressure (CPAP) in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) has remained invariably low over the last decades. Remote monitoring of the nocturnal CPAP treatment, within telemedicine (TM)-based follow-up programs, in these patients has been suggested as a potential tool to improve adherence and release the workload of sleep units. The aim of this study was therefore to assess whether a follow-up program carried out by a Remote Medical Care Centre (RMCC), outside the sleep unit, improves adherence to CPAP in the short and long term in patients with OSA. METHODS: In this pilot protocol, we enrolled 37 patients starting CPAP in our Sleep Centre (SC). After three months of standard care in our SC, patients initiated a six-month remote follow-up carried out by the RMCC, functioning as an intermediary between patients and SC. Monthly reports and indication for face-to-face visits were sent to the SC for six months. After this period patients returned to usual care for one year. Results were compared with those obtained in 38 patients (controls) followed with usual care over the same time range. RESULTS: Mean nightly use of CPAP increased from 3.2 ± 2.4 h pre-RMCC to 5.2 ± 1.9 h post-RMCC (p < 0.0001). Nights/month of CPAP use improved from 19.8 ± 9.2 to 25.2 ± 2.5 (p < 0.05) and nights/month with CPAP use >4 h from 12.5 ± 10 to 21.03 ± 8.9 (p < 0.05). This improvement remained stable after 12 months from the return of patients to usual care. No significant changes in CPAP use were observed in controls over the time. CONCLUSION: A six-month follow-up through a remote facility can significantly improve adherence to CPAP in the short and long term. This pilot study provides a solid base for the design of multicentre randomized trials focusing on new models which are able to increase the long-term efficacy of TM programs.

19.
Sleep ; 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38551123

RESUMO

The Swiss Primary Hypersomnolence and Narcolepsy Cohort Study (SPHYNCS) is a multicenter research initiative to identify new biomarkers in central disorders of hypersomnolence (CDH). Whereas narcolepsy type 1 (NT1) is well characterized, other CDH disorders lack precise biomarkers. In SPHYNCS, we utilized Fitbit smartwatches to monitor physical activity, heart rate, and sleep parameters over one year. We examined the feasibility of long-term ambulatory monitoring using the wearable device. We then explored digital biomarkers differentiating patients with NT1 from healthy controls (HC). A total of 115 participants received a Fitbit smartwatch. Using a compliance metric to evaluate the usability of the wearable device, we found an overall compliance rate of 80% over one year. We calculated daily physical activity, heart rate, and sleep parameters from two weeks of greatest compliance to compare NT1 (n=20) and HC (n=9) subjects. Compared to controls, NT1 patients demonstrated findings consistent with increased sleep fragmentation, including significantly greater wake-after-sleep onset (p=0.007) and awakening index (p=0.025), as well as standard deviation of time in bed (p=0.044). Moreover, NT1 patients exhibited a significantly shorter REM latency (p=0.019), and sleep latency (p=0.001), as well as a lower peak heart rate (p=0.008), heart rate standard deviation (p=0.039) and high-intensity activity (p=0.009) compared to HC. This ongoing study demonstrates the feasibility of long-term monitoring with wearable technology in patients with CDH and potentially identifies a digital biomarker profile for NT1. While further validation is needed in larger datasets, these data suggest that long-term wearable technology may play a future role in diagnosing and managing narcolepsy.

20.
JMIR Med Inform ; 12: e46699, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38477979

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Therapeutic education and patient self-management are crucial in diabetes prevention and treatment. Improving diabetes self-management requires multidisciplinary team intervention, nutrition education that facilitates self-management, informed decision-making, and the organization and delivery of appropriate health care services. The emergence of telehealth services has provided the public with various tools for educating themselves and for evaluating, monitoring, and improving their health and nutrition-related behaviors. Combining health technologies with clinical expertise, social support, and health professional involvement could help persons living with diabetes improve their disease self-management skills and prevent its long-term consequences. OBJECTIVE: This scoping review's primary objective was to identify the key digital tool features of complex telehealth interventions used for type 2 diabetes or prediabetes self-management and monitoring with health professional involvement that help improve health outcomes. A secondary objective was to identify how these key features are developed and combined. METHODS: A 5-step scoping review methodology was used to map relevant literature published between January 1, 2010 and March 31, 2022. Electronic searches were performed in the MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Embase databases. The searches were limited to scientific publications in English and French that either described the conceptual development of a complex telehealth intervention that combined self-management and monitoring with health professional involvement or evaluated its effects on the therapeutic management of patients with type 2 diabetes or prediabetes. Three reviewers independently identified the articles and extracted the data. RESULTS: The results of 42 studies on complex telehealth interventions combining diabetes self-management and monitoring with the involvement of at least 1 health professional were synthesized. The health professionals participating in these studies were physicians, dietitians, nurses, and psychologists. The digital tools involved were smartphone apps or web-based interfaces that could be used with medical devices. We classified the features of these technologies into eight categories, depending on the intervention objective: (1) monitoring of glycemia levels, (2) physical activity monitoring, (3) medication monitoring, (4) diet monitoring, (5) therapeutic education, (6) health professional support, (7) other health data monitoring, and (8) health care management. The patient-logged data revealed behavior patterns that should be modified to improve health outcomes. These technologies, used with health professional involvement, patient self-management, and therapeutic education, translate into better control of glycemia levels and the adoption of healthier lifestyles. Likewise, they seem to improve monitoring by health professionals and foster multidisciplinary collaboration through data sharing and the development of more concise automatically generated reports. CONCLUSIONS: This scoping review synthesizes multiple studies that describe the development and evaluation of complex telehealth interventions used in combination with health professional support. It suggests that combining different digital tools that incorporate diabetes self-management and monitoring features with a health professional's advice and interaction results in more effective interventions and outcomes.

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