Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 17.082
Filtrar
1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 45(2): 65-71, maio-ago. 2024. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1553300

RESUMO

A escolha da técnica restauradora desempenha papel fundamental na eficácia e duração de um tratamento reabilitador. O objetivo deste relato de caso foi descrever a utilização da técnica semidireta para a confecção de uma restauração em resina composta em um primeiro molar inferior. A paciente apresentava uma restauração insatisfatória no dente 36, que necessitava ser substituída devido à infiltração por cárie. Optou-se pela técnica semidireta devido à amplitude da cavidade, que envolvia estruturas de suporte, e pela combinação das vantagens das abordagens direta e indireta. O procedimento envolveu a remoção de tecido cariado, a aplicação de hidróxido de cálcio pasta, seguida da aplicação de uma fina camada de ionômero de vidro e, posteriormente, resina fluída para realizar o selamento dentinário. O preparo foi realizado seguindo os princípios necessários. O elemento em questão foi moldado com silicone de adição e o arco antagonista, com alginato. Ambos modelos foram vertidos com silicone para modelos semirrígidos e montados em oclusor de peças de brinquedo. A restauração semidireta foi confeccionada em resina composta Filtek Z350 XT, respeitando a anatomia do dente 36. Pigmentos foram utilizados para aprimorar detalhes estéticos. Após acabamento e polimento, a peça foi condicionada e cimentada com cimento dual Relyx Ultimate. Pode-se concluir que a abordagem restauradora por meio da técnica semidireta construída em modelo semirrígido é uma opção terapêutica conservadora e vantajosa para dentes com extensa destruição coronária. Essa técnica possibilita a restauração de forma eficaz, garantindo tanto a estética quanto a função adequada do dente afetado(AU)


The choice of restorative technique plays a fundamental role in the effectiveness and duration of rehabilitation treatment. The objective of this case report was to describe the use of the semi-direct technique to create a composite resin restoration in a lower first molar. The patient had an unsatisfactory restoration on tooth 36, which needed to be replaced due to cavity infiltration. The semi-direct technique was chosen due to the amplitude of the cavity, which involved support structures, and the combination of advantages of the direct and indirect approaches. The procedure involved the removal of carious tissue, and the application of calcium hydroxide paste, followed by the application of a thin layer of glass ionomer and, subsequently, fluid resin to seal the dentin. The preparation was carried out following the necessary principles. The element in question was molded with addition silicone and the antagonist arch was molded with alginate. Both models were poured with silicone for semi-rigid models and mounted on toy parts occluders. The semi-direct restoration was made in Filtek Z350 XT composite resin, respecting the anatomy of tooth 36. Pigments were used to improve aesthetic details. After finishing and polishing, the piece was conditioned and cemented with Relyx Ultimate dual cement. It can be concluded that the restorative approach using the semi-direct technique built on a semi-rigid model is a conservative and advantageous therapeutic option for teeth with extensive coronal destruction. This technique allows for effective restoration, ensuring both the aesthetics and adequate function of the affected tooth(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária , Reparação de Restauração Dentária , Cimentação , Preparo do Dente , Restauração Dentária Permanente
2.
J Conserv Dent Endod ; 27(6): 668-672, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38989486

RESUMO

Unique anatomical deviations in canal structure are rare in anterior teeth, especially central incisors, and thus risk being overlooked. For successful intervention, a meticulous diagnostic procedure and treatment plan, significantly aided by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), are crucial. The case at hand explores the management of a maxillary left central incisor in a cleft palate patient, characterized by multiple developmental lobes, a bulbous crown, and an atypical root anatomy. The primary symptom was pain, accompanied by a history of trauma at age 8 years and ensuing tooth discoloration. Initial evaluations, augmented by CBCT, revealed pulpal necrosis in a single-rooted tooth with three distinct canals. Initial clinical examination was supplemented by electrical pulp testing, RadioVisioGraphy (RVG), and CBCT, after which the root canal therapy was initiated. Informed consent was obtained from the patient. The access cavity preparation resulted in a three-orifice cavity. Subsequently, the canals were enlarged and sufficiently debrided. Calcium-hydroxide was applied for 2 weeks before the commencement of apexification and obturation, followed by esthetic rehabilitation. This case highlights the importance of recognizing rare anatomical variations in anterior teeth and demonstrates the invaluable role of CBCT in both diagnosing and managing such complexities.

3.
Gerodontology ; 2024 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38985947

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study determined whether tooth loss was associated with the development of functional disability and estimated the population attributable fraction (PAF) of functional disability due to tooth loss, along with risk factors for functional disability such as physical function and cognitive impairment. METHODS: The participants were 838 community-dwelling older adults aged ≥70 years living in the Tsurugaya district in Japan in 2003. The exposure variable was the number of remaining teeth (counted by trained dentists). Other variables were age, sex, depressive symptoms, cognitive impairment, educational attainment, physical function and social support. The Cox proportional hazards model was applied to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of the incidence of functional disability for each risk factor, such as tooth loss. The functional disability PAF due to tooth loss was estimated, and risk factors for functional disability were identified. RESULTS: In total, 619 (73.9%) participants developed functional disability during follow-up. A multivariable model showed that those with <20 teeth (HR, 1.28; 95% CI, 1.08-1.53) were more likely to develop functional disability than those with 20 teeth or more. PAF estimation for functional disability was shown to have decreasing values in the following order: age, female sex, tooth loss and reduced physical function. CONCLUSIONS: Tooth loss was associated with the development of functional disability in community-dwelling older Japanese adults. While retaining teeth may be a potential strategy for avoiding functional disability, clinical studies on the effect of dental treatment on preventing functional disability are warranted.

4.
Dent Med Probl ; 61(3): 447-455, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38963396

RESUMO

One of the most important factors that determine the success of pulpectomy in primary teeth is the root canal filling material used. This systematic review is an update on the success rates of various materials used for obturation in primary teeth. An electronic search was carried out in the PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases with the preset inclusion and exclusion criteria. Only randomized or quasi-randomized clinical and controlled trials with a minimum follow-up of 12 months were included for analysis. Nine articles were considered potentially eligible for inclusion in this review. All the included trials had zinc oxide-eugenol (ZOE) cement as a control group. The time span of the included trials extended from 12 to 30 months. Only 2 trials were at low risk of bias. Evidence to support the success rates of obturating materials used in primary teeth is scarce, which necessitates further highquality randomized controlled clinical trials with regard to this issue.


Assuntos
Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Dente Decíduo , Humanos , Dente Decíduo/diagnóstico por imagem , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/uso terapêutico , Cimento de Óxido de Zinco e Eugenol/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Obturação do Canal Radicular/métodos
5.
Dent Mater ; 2024 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38969574

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Current standardized in vitro bending experiments for orthodontic archwires cannot capture friction conditions and load sequencing during multi-bracket treatment. This means that clinically relevant forces exerted by superelastic wires cannot be predicted. To address these limitations, this study explored a novel test protocol that estimates clinical load range. METHODS: The correction of a labially displaced maxillary incisor was simulated using an in vitro model with three lingual brackets. Deflection force levels derived from four different protocols were designed to explore the impact of friction and wire load history. These force levels were compared in nickel-titanium (NiTi) archwires with three commonly used diameters. The unloading path varied between protocols, with single or multiple sequences and different load orders and initial conditions. RESULTS: Deflection forces from the new protocol, employing multiple continuous load/unload cycles (CCincr), consistently exceeded those from the conventional protocol using a single continuous unloading path (CUdecr). Mean differences in plateau force ranged from 0.54 N (Ø 0.014" wire) to 1.19 N (Ø 0.016" wire). The CCinr protocol also provided average force range estimates of 0.47 N (Ø 0.012" wire), 0.89 N (Ø 0.014" wire), and 1.15 N (Ø 0.016" wire). SIGNIFICANCE: Clinical orientation towards CUdecr carries a high risk of excessive therapeutic forces because clinical loading situations caused by friction and load history are underestimated. Physiological tooth mobility using NiTi wires contributes decisively to the therapeutic load situation. Therefore, only short unloading sequences starting from the maximum deflection in the load history, as in CCincr, are clinically meaningful.

6.
Dent Med Probl ; 61(3): 427-438, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38958635

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are several publications that show the efficacy of surgical interventions in accelerating the rate of tooth movement in orthodontics. Consequently, possible adverse effects must also be evaluated. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to compare the perception of pain and root resorption between orthodontic treatment with a surgical acceleration intervention vs. conventional orthodontic treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic search was conducted in the MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science (WoS), ScienceDirect, Cochrane Library, and Virtual Health Library (VHL) databases up to September 12, 2022. Randomized or non-randomized, controlled, parallel-arm or split-mouth clinical trials were included. Fixed-and random-effects meta-analyses were performed with regard to heterogeneity. The risk of bias (RoB) was assessed using the RoB 2.0 and ROBINS-I tools. RESULTS: A total of 1,395 articles were initially retrieved, 40 studies were finally included in the review and 15 studies were eligible for quantitative analysis. The meta-analysis showed a significant difference in pain perception between acceleration surgery vs. conventional orthodontics at 24 h (p = 0.040); however, this difference was not significant at 7 days (p = 0.080). Overall, the patients who underwent any acceleration procedure presented significantly less resorption as compared to those who were applied conventional treatment (p < 0.001). A similar significant difference was found in retraction movements (p < 0.001) and alignment movements (p = 0.030). CONCLUSIONS: In the first 24 h, surgical interventions for the acceleration of tooth movement produce a greater perception of pain as compared to conventional orthodontic treatment, but the perception is similar after 7 days. Acceleration surgery results in less root resorption - in alignment movements, and especially in retraction movements.


Assuntos
Reabsorção da Raiz , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Humanos , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/efeitos adversos , Reabsorção da Raiz/etiologia , Ortodontia
7.
J Dent (Shiraz) ; 25(2): 132-137, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38962079

RESUMO

Statement of the Problem: Although various kinds of research have been conducted to compare the physical and chemical properties of dentin and enamel in animal and human samples, proving the ability of animal dentin material as a good substitute for human specimens is always a challenge for experimental studies. Purpose: The aim of the present study is to investigate whether the changes in the dentin microhardness of animal samples are similar to those of human samples or not. Materials and Method: In this in vitro study, sixty single-rooted human, bovine, and ovine teeth (n=20 in each group) were decoronated at CEJ. The remaining roots were embedded in acrylic resin and a cross-section cut was made in the middle of the samples in order to achieve dentin disks. All of the 120 samples were randomly assigned to three control (n=20 for each group) and three experimental groups (n=20 for each group). In the experimental groups, calcium hydroxide with a creamy consistency was prepared and the disks were embedded in dishes containing calcium hydroxide. Control groups were embedded in physiological saline. The samples were incubated for seven days at the 37oC and Vickers microhardness test was performed immediately. The average of three yielded values was considered as the final value of microhardness. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA, one-way ANOVA, and Tukey's post hoc tests. Results: In the control group, the human samples showed the highest microhardness value, while the bovine teeth had the lowest microhardness value (p< 0.001). In the calcium hydroxide group, the human samples showed the highest microhardness value in comparison to bovine and ovine to teeth. However, no significant difference was observed between the bovine and ovine samples in microhardness value. Conclusion: Based on our research, substituting bovine and ovine samples with human samples in experimental studies is not recommended. Nevertheless, more studies are needed in this regard.

8.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(7): 411, 2024 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38963445

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of birth weight on tooth development in children aged 7-8 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study comprised 75 children born at Bint Al-Huda Hospital, Bojnurd, in 2013-2014. The children were categorized into three groups based on their birth weight: Normal Birth Weight (NBW), Low Birth Weight (LBW), and Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW). Panoramic radiographs were taken for orthodontic examination, and Demirjian's 8-teeth method was employed to determine dental age. The study compared dental and chronological age within each group. Data analysis utilized SPSS software version 26, employing One-way ANOVA and chi-square tests. Statistical significance was set at P ≤ 0.05. RESULTS: The mean difference in dental and chronological age for Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) children was 0.22 ± 0.44 years, for Low Birth Weight (LBW) children it was 0.19 ± 0.45 years, and for Normal Birth Weight (NBW) children, it was 0.08 ± 0.46 years. Although the mean difference decreased with increasing birth weight, this trend did not achieve statistical significance (P = 0.55). Furthermore, no significant differences were observed between the weight groups (P = 0.529) or genders (P = 0.191).


Assuntos
Peso ao Nascer , Radiografia Panorâmica , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Masculino , Criança , Determinação da Idade pelos Dentes/métodos , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Recém-Nascido , Dente/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Dente/diagnóstico por imagem
9.
Odontology ; 2024 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38963521

RESUMO

To evaluate the physical properties of enamel submitted to hydrogen peroxide (HP) incorporated with titanium dioxide nanoparticles (NP) co-doped with nitrogen and fluorine and irradiated with violet LED light (LT). Enamel-dentin disks were randomly allocated (T0) into groups, according to HP (HP6, HP15, or HP35) and NP (no NP, 5NP, or 10NP) concentrations, and irradiated or not with LT. A negative control (NC) group was set. After three bleaching sessions (T1, T2, and T3), specimens were stored in saliva for 14 days (T4). Enamel surface microhardness number (KHN), surface roughness (Ra), cross-sectional microhardness (ΔS), energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), scanning electron (SEM), and polarized light (PLM) microscopies were performed. Surface KHN was significantly influenced by NP over time, independently of LT irradiation. At T3 and T4, gels with 5NP and 10NP exhibited no KHN differences compared to NC and baseline values, which were not observed under the absence of NP. NP incorporation did not statistically interfere with the ΔS and Ra. PLM images exhibited surface/subsurface darkening areas suggestive of demineralizing regions. SEM demonstrated some intraprismatic affection in the groups without NP. EDS reported a higher enamel calcium to phosphorus ratio following 10NP gels applications. Gels with NP maintained the enamel surface microhardness levels and seemed to control surface morphology, upholding the mineral content. None of the proposed experimental protocols have negatively influenced the enamel surface roughness and the cross-sectional microhardness.

10.
Cureus ; 16(5): e61460, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38953061

RESUMO

Odontomas, often found adjacent to impacted teeth, are tumors of abnormal tissue morphology arising from the tooth germ and are usually asymptomatic. They are often found by accident on X-ray images, and the eruption of permanent teeth is often caused by odontomas. In most cases, the tooth is extracted with the permanent tooth or orthodontic treatment is performed after extraction. However, the criteria are not clear. We encountered two cases of dental eruption in which permanent teeth, which originally seemed to be suitable for orthodontic treatment, spontaneously erupted after odontoma removal. It is necessary to examine the indications and timing of tooth extraction.

11.
Chin J Dent Res ; 27(2): 121-131, 2024 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38953477

RESUMO

As the biological mechanisms of orthodontic tooth movement have been explored further, scholars have gradually focused on the remodelling mechanism of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in the periodontal ligament (PDL). The ECM of the PDL consists of various types of collagens and other glycoproteins. The specific process and mechanism of ECM remodelling during orthodontic tooth movement remains unclear. Collagen I and III, which constitute major components of the PDL, are upregulated under orthodontic force. The changes in the contents of ECM proteins also depend on the expression of ECM-related enzymes, which organise new collagen fibre networks to adapt to changes in tooth position. The matrix metalloproteinase family is the main enzyme that participates in collagen hydrolysis and renewal and changes its expression under orthodontic force. Moreover, ECM adhesion molecules, such as integrins, are also regulated by orthodontic force and participate in the dynamic reaction of cell adhesion and separation with the ECM. This article reviews the changes in ECM components, related enzymes and adhesion molecules in the PDL under orthodontic force to lay the foundation for the exploration of the regulatory mechanism of ECM remodelling during orthodontic tooth movement.


Assuntos
Matriz Extracelular , Ligamento Periodontal , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Humanos , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/métodos , Ligamento Periodontal/citologia , Periodonto/metabolismo , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/metabolismo , Integrinas/metabolismo , Colágeno/metabolismo
12.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 257: 112970, 2024 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38955079

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a laser-assisted in-office tooth bleaching treatment, employing a diode laser (445 nm) using different power and time settings. Two hundred human incisors were collected for evaluating tooth color change (ΔΕ00) and whiteness index in dentistry (ΔWID) following laser-assisted tooth bleaching treatment. The specimens were distributed into 25 groups (n = 8) according to laser output power (0.5-2 W) and duration of irradiation (10-60 s) that was applied. ΔΕ00 and ΔWID were evaluated using a spectrophotometer at three points of time (24 h, 1 week and 1 month after treatments). Three-way ANOVA revealed that power, duration of laser irradiation, and time of measurement after bleaching treatments significantly affected both ΔΕ00 and ΔWID(p < 0.05). Furthermore, laser irradiation increased ΔΕ00 and ΔWID at all applied powers compared to the control group (p < 0.05), but this increase was dependent on the duration of irradiation. Laser irradiation significantly increased ΔΕ00 when the duration of operation was 50-60 s at 0.5-1 W, while at 1.5-2 W was significantly increased when the duration was 30-60 s. ΔWID was significant higher in the laser groups compared to the control group at all powers, except for 0.5 W where it was significant higher when the duration was 50-60 s. The outcomes of the study can help in selecting the suitable power settings and duration of laser exposure to achieve the optimal whitening results while ensuring the safety of the tooth pulp.

13.
Cureus ; 16(6): e61840, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38975539

RESUMO

The biological aspect of orthodontic tooth movement is influenced by the magnitude and duration of the applied force. This initiates signaling cascades essential for bone remodeling, which involve activating various cell signaling pathways that enhance the metabolism of the periodontal ligament, leading to localized bone resorption and deposition. This process facilitates tooth movement on the pressure side and promotes healing on the tension side. The remodeling associated with orthodontic tooth movement is an inflammatory reaction involving mediators. Key components in this process include hormones, systemic influences, cyclic adenosine monophosphate, specific cytokines like interleukin 1, colony-stimulating factors, calcium, collagenase, and prostaglandins, all of which are essential for the biological adjustments necessary for tooth movement. Medications that influence molecular pathways critical for the homeostasis of periodontal tissues or that affect changes during orthodontic tooth movement and clastic cell regulation can potentially modulate tooth movement. With the recent increase in prescription medication use, it is essential for clinicians to be aware of medication consumption in prospective patients and understand its potential impact on orthodontic treatment. This review aimed to explore the effects of commonly prescribed medications on the rate of orthodontic tooth movement, thoroughly review the existing evidence on this topic, and identify potential areas for future research.

14.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1810, 2024 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38971726

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tooth loss is a common problem that affects many people worldwide. Exploring knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) among patients can identify barriers and challenges in following recommended practices, providing valuable insights for dental healthcare providers, policymakers, and researchers. This study aimed to explore the KAP of patients with dental arch deficiencies regarding tooth loss and dentures. METHODS: This web-based, cross-sectional study was conducted among patients with dental arch deficiencies using a self-designed questionnaire. RESULT: 3166 valid questionnaires were included. Participants' mean KAP scores were 6.84 ± 2.27 (possible range: 0 ~ 12), 39.4 ± 3.72 (possible range: 9 ~ 45), and 27.7 ± 4.36 (possible range: 8 ~ 40), respectively. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that knowledge (OR = 1.383), employed (OR = 1.805), family history (OR = 2.158), and treatment (OR = 1.683) were independently associated with attitude. Moreover, knowledge (OR = 1.239), attitude (OR = 1.250), female (OR = 0.619), age (OR = 0.967), college/bachelor (OR = 0.373), and master and above degree (OR = 0.418), employed (OR = 0.554) or student (OR = 0.434), with 10,001-20,000 Yuan household income per month (OR = 0.492), have been married (OR = 0.609), smoking (OR = 0.595), drinking (OR = 0.397), disease duration (OR = 0.972), with family history (OR = 1.676), and with treatment (OR = 3.492) were independently associated with practice (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Patients with dental arch deficiencies have insufficient knowledge, positive attitudes, and moderate practice toward tooth loss and dentures, which might be affected by multiple demographic factors.


Assuntos
Dentaduras , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Perda de Dente , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Dentaduras/estatística & dados numéricos , Arco Dental , Idoso , Adulto Jovem
15.
Biochem Soc Trans ; 2024 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38979632

RESUMO

Underexpression, overexpression, and point mutations in peripheral myelin protein 22 (PMP22) cause most cases of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTD). While its exact functions remain unclear, PMP22 is clearly essential for formation and maintenance of healthy myelin in the peripheral nervous system. This review explores emerging evidence for roles of PMP22 in cholesterol homeostasis. First, we highlight dysregulation of lipid metabolism in PMP22-based forms of CMTD and recently-discovered interactions between PMP22 and cholesterol biosynthesis machinery. We then examine data that demonstrates PMP22 and cholesterol co-traffic in cells and co-localize in lipid rafts, including how disease-causing PMP22 mutations result in aberrations in cholesterol localization. Finally, we examine roles for interactions between PMP22 and ABCA1 in cholesterol efflux. Together, this emerging body of evidence suggests that PMP22 plays a role in facilitating enhanced cholesterol synthesis and trafficking necessary for production and maintenance of healthy myelin.

16.
J Oral Biol Craniofac Res ; 14(4): 465-470, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38946919

RESUMO

Background: Acidic beverages are believed to elevate the risk of enamel surface erosion. In addition to the intake of soft drinks, the increased consumption of salad dressings has been linked to a higher prevalence of dental erosion. Therefore, the current study aimed to investigate the influence of bottled salad dressings on the development of enamel erosion in the presence or absence of pellicle through in vitro experiment. Methods: Preliminary pH and calcium analyses of solutions were performed. Highest pH and calcium content was found for sandwich spread i.e., 4.69 and 55.4 mg/100 g grams, respectively. Eighty tooth specimens (measuring 4 × 4 × 3 mm) were prepared from extracted human premolars and randomly assigned to four groups (group 1: orange juice; group 2: eggless plain mayonnaise; group 3: sandwich spread; and group 4: thousand island dressing) with 20 samples in each group. Ten tooth specimens from each group were immersed in 20 ml of the respective solutions for 5 min (control group). The remaining ten tooth specimens from each group were submerged in 5 mL saliva vials for 3 min to facilitate salivary pellicle formation before being immersed in their respective solutions for 5 min (saliva-covered group). Pre and post-experimental assessments of enamel roughness and hardness were conducted using a surface roughness tester and Knoop Hardness indenter, respectively. Results: Overall, enamel roughness was notably elevated in the control group, with the eggless plain mayonnaise (0.52 ± 0.38) and thousand island dressing groups (0.57 ± 0.29) showing a significant increase in surface roughness post-test (p = 0.05). Nevertheless, there was no significant difference in the enamel roughness between the groups. On the other hand, regardless of the presence/absence of the salivary pellicle, a marked decrease in enamel hardness was observed among all groups except for group 3 (sandwich spread) with a mean score of 311.5 ± 82.6 (p < 0.05). Conclusion: A significant increase in surface roughness and reduction in enamel hardness was observed with salad dressings. However, in vitro formed salivary pellicle showed a protective effect against tooth erosion.

17.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 15749, 2024 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38977767

RESUMO

Although bone dehiscence may occur during orthodontic tooth movement into the narrow alveolar ridge, a non-invasive prevention method is yet to be fully established. We show for the first time prevention of bone dehiscence associated with orthodontic tooth movement by prophylactic injection of bone anabolic agents in mice. In this study, we established a bone dehiscence mouse model by applying force application and used the granular type of scaffold materials encapsulated with bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 and OP3-4, the receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL)-binding peptide, for the prophylactic injection to the alveolar bone. In vivo micro-computed tomography revealed bone dehiscence with decreased buccal alveolar bone thickness and height after force application, whereas no bone dehiscence was observed with the prophylactic injection after force application, and alveolar bone thickness and height were kept at similar levels as those in the control group. Bone histomorphometry analyses revealed that both bone formation and resorption parameters were significantly higher in the injection with force application group than in the force application without the prophylactic injection group. These findings suggest that the prophylactic local delivery of bone anabolic reagents can prevent bone dehiscence with increased bone remodelling activity.


Assuntos
Anabolizantes , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 2 , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Animais , Camundongos , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/efeitos adversos , Anabolizantes/farmacologia , Anabolizantes/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Remodelação Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligante RANK/metabolismo , Processo Alveolar/efeitos dos fármacos , Processo Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagem , Processo Alveolar/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças
18.
Clin Exp Dent Res ; 10(4): e923, 2024 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38970240

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the validity of the Golden Proportion, Golden Percentage, and Recurring Esthetic Dental (RED) Proportion among Kenyans of African descent with naturally well-aligned teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Standardized frontal photographic images of the smiles of 175 participants aged 18-35 years were obtained, and Adobe Photoshop was used to analyze and measure the frontal widths of the maxillary central and lateral incisors and canines in triplicate. The average teeth widths were calculated to determine the existence of the Golden Proportion, Golden Percentage, and RED Proportion, and their validity using independent sample t-tests to compare the differences in the mean teeth widths at α < 0.05. RESULTS: The number of male and female participants was 107 (61.1%) and 68 (38.9%), respectively. The Golden Proportion between the maxillary central and lateral incisors was found in 4.0% on the right and 2.8% on the left of all the participants, but between the maxillary lateral incisors and canines was found in only 0.6% on the right of male participants (p < 0.0001). The RED Proportion between the maxillary lateral and central incisors was in the range of 67%-70%, and between the canines and lateral incisors was 82%-84% (p < 0.0001). The proportion of RED was not constant, and gradually increased distally. The Golden Percentage of 15% was observed in the lateral incisors bilaterally; however, in the central incisors and the canines, the Golden Percentage was 22% and 12%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The Golden and RED Proportions were invalid determinants of anterior teeth proportions. The Golden Percentage existed only in the lateral incisors. The Golden Proportion, RED Proportion, and Golden Percentage theories may not be applicable to all populations when designing smiles. Racial and ethnic backgrounds are important considerations to establish objective quantifiable values of anterior tooth proportions that are beneficial for esthetic restorations.


Assuntos
População Negra , Dente Canino , Estética Dentária , Incisivo , Odontometria , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Adolescente , Incisivo/anatomia & histologia , População Negra/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem , Dente Canino/anatomia & histologia , Odontometria/métodos , Quênia , Sorriso , Maxila/anatomia & histologia , Fotografia Dentária
19.
Dent Traumatol ; 2024 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38990009

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to calculate the stress distribution of fiberglass post associated with resin composite crown restoration and fiberglass posts with zirconia restorations in mature and immature endodontically treated central maxillary incisor under various loading conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study created six different study models in a virtual environment: healthy mature maxillary central teeth, intact immature maxillary central teeth, mature maxillary central teeth with fiberglass post associated with resin composite crown restoration, immature maxillary central teeth with fiberglass post associated with resin composite crown restoration, mature maxillary central teeth with fiberglass posts and zirconia restoration, and immature maxillary central teeth with fiberglass posts and zirconia restoration. Loading conditions simulating mastication, trauma, and bruxism were applied to each of the models at different angles and amounts. The von Mises and the maximum and minimum principal stress values in tooth structures (dentin) and support structures (bone, PDL) and materials were observed using finite element stress analysis. RESULTS: The highest stress values in the tissue and the restoration structure were observed for masticating force and crowns rehabilitated with zirconia restorations. None of the compared loading conditions and restorations showed destructive stress values on periodontal ligament or bone. CONCLUSION: The mature and immature endodontically treated central maxillary incisors can be better rehabilitated using fiberglass post associated with resin composite crown restoration and may be preferred to zirconia restorations in order to reduce the stresses on the surrounding tissues and teeth. However, further clinical studies are needed to fully explore this topic.

20.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1384272, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38979416

RESUMO

Background: To date, evidence is rare regarding whether and how dietary antioxidants are associated with the risk of periodontitis. This study aimed to investigate the association of composite dietary antioxidant index (CDAI) with periodontitis and tooth loss, using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2009-2014). Methods: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted using data from 10,067 adults aged ≥30 years who underwent assessments of periodontal health and the 1st day dietary recall. Based on a crude model and three adjusted models, multivariate regressions were used to examine the relationship between CDAI and periodontitis-related measurements including probing pocket depth, clinical attachment loss and tooth loss. Subgroup analyses and the restricted cubic splines plots were applied to examine the association between CDAI ingredients and periodontitis. Results: For the subjects with high CDAI scores, increased CDAI was associated with significant (P < 0.05) reduction of severe periodontitis (odd ratio = 0.663, 95% confidence interval: 0.491-0.896) and increased number of remaining teeth (weighted ß[SE] = 1.167[0.211]). However, the protective effect of CDAI on periodontitis vanished (P > 0.05) in active smokers and former smokers. There were threshold levels for ß-carotene, Vitamin A, C and E intakes where the risk of periodontitis significantly decreased (P < 0.05) above these levels. Conclusion: Increased CDAI was associated with reduced risk of periodontitis and tooth loss for non-smokers. It was recommendable that proper dietary intakes of ß-carotene, Vitamin A, C and E would be of benefit for preventive dental care and adjuvant therapies for periodontitis.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Periodontite , Humanos , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Feminino , Masculino , Antioxidantes/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Transversais , Adulto , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Perda de Dente/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...