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1.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535338

RESUMO

In recent years, there have been international references to the vocal approach for the specific group of transgender individuals, although the Latin American literature is still very timid on this matter. The purpose of this article is to identify the current norms, statistics, and vocal approach towards transgender individuals in Chile and Argentina, considering the experience of two speech and language pathologists with more than twenty years of experience on voice therapy. Reflections were made on the transgender reality in these countries, the limitations in the implementation of the depathologization of the transgender group were outlined, some current and unreliable statistics were presented, some innovative actions in the public system were highlighted, and the lack of knowledge about the benefits of vocal work for transgender men and women was discussed. The identified aspects could benefit from multicenter research that strengthens speech therapy actions with this group, contributing to depathologization and positive approach.


Desde los últimos años es posible encontrar referencias internacionales sobre el abordaje vocal al grupo específico de las personas transgénero, aunque la literatura latinoamericana sigue muy tímida en este asunto. La propuesta de este artículo es identificar las normas vigentes, estadísticas y abordaje vocal hacia las personas transgénero en Chile y Argentina, considerando la experiencia de dos fonoaudiólogas con más de veinte años de experiencia en terapia vocal. Se hicieron reflexiones sobre la realidad transgénero en los países citados, se delinearon las limitaciones en la puesta en práctica de la despatologización del grupo transgénero, se expusieron algunas estadísticas -vigentes y poco confiables-, se plasmaron algunas acciones novedosas en el sistema público y el desconocimiento sobre los beneficios del trabajo vocal en hombres y mujeres transgénero. Los aspectos detectados podrían beneficiarse de investigaciones multicéntricas que fortalezcan acciones fonoaudiológicas con este grupo, contribuyendo a la despatologización y el abordaje positivo.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535345

RESUMO

Objectives: To present a simple form of vocal and breathing conditioning for voice professionals based on concepts from vocal science. The vocal conditioning program called Voice Athletes Conditioning uses the principles of exercise physiology to gradually improve vocal and respiratory overload to achieve endurance, power, and flexibility. Methods: Due to our personal experience with high voice users, we synthesized a vocal conditioning program (AVCP) that combines voice science, exercise physiology, sports science and physical therapy principles. This is an 8-week program of daily vocal and breathing exercises with overload enhancement each week using different types of breathing devices and semi-occluded vocal tract exercises, designed and developed according to the specific requirements and performance of the voice professional. Reflections: Professional voice users often experience episodes of vocal fatigue that can directly affect their performance and vocal health. As with physical training for athletes, voice exercises can also contribute to improving vocal conditioning, preventing voice disorders, as well as helping to obtain better performance, greater tolerance to fatigue and shorter recovery time. Conclusions: AVCP is an approach that considers the principles of muscle training aimed objectively at the respiratory and vocal muscles, carried out with a variety of breathing devices and specific vocal exercises in search of greater performance time, less physiological stress, and shorter recovery time in the professional use of the voice.


Objetivos: Presentar una forma sencilla de acondicionamiento vocal y respiratorio para profesionales de la voz, basada en conceptos de la ciencia vocal. El programa de acondicionamiento vocal denominado Voice Athletes Conditioning utiliza los principios de la fisiología del ejercicio para mejorar gradualmente la sobrecarga vocal y respiratoria, con el fin de lograr resistencia, potencia y flexibilidad. Métodos: Debido a nuestra experiencia personal con usuarios de voz aguda, sintetizamos un programa de acondicionamiento vocal (AVCP) que combina principios de la ciencia de la voz, la fisiología del ejercicio, las ciencias del deporte y la fisioterapia. Se trata de un programa de 8 semanas de ejercicios vocales y respiratorios diarios con realce de sobrecarga cada semana utilizando diferentes tipos de dispositivos respiratorios y ejercicios semioclusivos del tracto vocal, diseñado y desarrollado de acuerdo con los requerimientos específicos y el rendimiento del profesional de la voz. Reflexiones: Los usuarios profesionales de la voz experimentan a menudo episodios de fatiga vocal que pueden afectar directamente su rendimiento y salud vocal. Al igual que ocurre con el entrenamiento físico de los deportistas, los ejercicios vocales también pueden contribuir a mejorar el acondicionamiento vocal, prevenir trastornos de la voz, además de ayudar a obtener un mejor rendimiento, una mayor tolerancia a la fatiga y un menor tiempo de recuperación. Conclusiones: El AVCP es un enfoque que considera los principios del entrenamiento muscular dirigido objetivamente a la musculatura respiratoria y vocal, realizado con diversos aparatos respiratorios y ejercicios vocales específicos en busca de un mayor tiempo de actuación, menor estrés fisiológico y menor tiempo de recuperación en el uso profesional de la voz.

3.
J Voice ; 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714438

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare trained and untrained Iranian traditional singers on the Dysphonia Severity Index (DSI) and the Singing Voice Handicap Index. The second objective was to examine the relationship between the DSI and Persian version of the Singing Voice Handicap Index (P-SVHI) scores in each group of trained and untrained Iranian traditional singers. STUDY DESIGN: This study is a comparative cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study included 17 trained male Iranian traditional singers who were compared with 17 untrained ones who were matched in terms of age. The P-SVHI was completed by trained and untrained Iranian traditional singers. Measures of jitter, lowest intensity, highest phonational frequency, and maximum phonation time (MPT) were obtained from each participant. The DSI scores were calculated using these values. RESULTS: Trained male traditional singers had an average age of 33.76 ± 7.45 years, 3.24 ± 1.85 hours of daily practice, 5.24 ± 3.78 years of training, 3.06 ± 2.65 no. of professional performances, and untrained singers had an average age of 32.76 ± 12.92 years, 1.53 ± 1.17 hours of daily practice, and 0.88 ± 1.65 no. of professional performances. Trained singers had lower P-SVHI scores and sub-scores, longer MPT, higher F0 high, lower jitter, and lower I low, resulting in higher DSI values (P < 0.05). There was no significant correlation between P-SVHI scores and DSI values in each group of trained and untrained Iranian traditional singers (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study show that the vocal abilities of professional vocalists are enhanced through voice training (higher DSI scores in trained singers vs untrained ones). Voice training can also help to lessen the perception of a handicap related to the singing voice. Hence, it may be necessary to consider alternative norms for the DSI and P-SVHI when administering them to patients who have undergone guided vocal training, such as voice/singing lessons. The current research indicates that the perception of singing voice handicap and DSI values are two distinct characteristics that do not have a significant correlation.

4.
J Voice ; 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704279

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: One role of a speech-language pathologist (SLP) is to help transgender clients in developing a healthy, gender-congruent communication. Transgender women frequently approach SLPs to train their voices to sound more feminine, however, long-term acoustic effects of the training needs to be rigorously examined in effectiveness studies. The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term effects (follow-up 1: 3months and follow-up 2: 1year after last session) of gender-affirming voice training for transgender women, in terms of acoustic parameters. STUDY DESIGN: This study was a randomized sham-controlled trial with a cross-over design. METHODS: Twenty-six transgender women were included for follow-up 1 and 18 for follow-up 2. All participants received 14weeks of gender-affirming voice training (4weeks sham training, 10weeks of voice feminization training: 5weeks pitch elevation training and 5weeks articulation-resonance training), but in a different order. Speech samples were recorded with Praat at four different time points (pre, post, follow-up 1, follow-up 2). Acoustic analysis included fo of sustained vowel /a:/, reading and spontaneous speech. Formant frequencies (F1-F2-F3) of vowels /a/, /i/, and /u/ were determined and vowel space was calculated. A linear mixed model was used to compare the acoustic voice measurements between measurements (pre - post, pre - follow-up 1, pre - follow-up 2, post - follow-up 1, post - follow-up 2, follow-up 1 - follow-up 2). RESULTS: Most of the fo measurements and formant frequencies that increased immediately after the intervention, were stable at both follow-up measurements. The median fo during the sustained vowel, reading and spontaneous speech stayed increased at both follow-ups compared to the pre-measurement. However, a decrease of 16 Hz/1.7 ST (reading) and 12 Hz/1.5 ST (spontaneous speech) was detected between the post-measurement (169 Hz for reading, 144 Hz for spontaneous speech) and 1year after the last session (153 Hz and 132 Hz, respectively). The lower limit of fo did not change during reading and spontaneous speech, both directly after the intervention and during both follow-ups. F1-2 of vowel /a/ and the vowel space increased after the intervention and both follow-ups. Individual analyses showed that more aspects should be controlled after the intervention, such as exercises that were performed at home, or the duration of extra gender-affirming voice training sessions. CONCLUSIONS: After 10 sessions of voice feminization training and follow-up measurements after 3months and 1year, stable increases were found for some formant frequencies and fo measurements, but not all of them. More time should be spent on increasing the fifth percentile of fo, as the lower limit of fo also contributes to the perception of more feminine voice.

5.
J Voice ; 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735802

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Verify session-by-session effects of the water resistance therapy (WRT) on the vocal quality of individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: This is a retrospective analytical study. Then, the samples were acquired from a database composed of 10 men aged between 50 and 90 years old diagnosed with PD. The participants underwent WRT with a resonance tube; then, they were guided to perform the following phonatory tasks: comfortable pitch and loudness, high pitch, low pitch, ascending and descending glissandos, and sentence uttering. Furthermore, tube depth ranged from 2 cm to 9 cm. Finally, WRT was implemented twice per week, totaling eight sessions, each lasting 45 minutes. Participants were assessed before and after each therapy session. Hence, the data were assessed with spectrographic analysis, vocal intensity, cepstral peak prominence-smoothed, alpha ratio, L1-L0, oscillatory frequency, and auditory-perceptual assessment of overall degree, roughness, breathiness, and instability. One-way repeated measures analysis of variance and Friedman tests were applied (P < 0.05). Furthermore, Holm-Sidak and Tukey tests were used as posthoc tests. RESULTS: After the sixth session, the spectrographic analysis revealed that the tracing color intensity of medium frequencies darkened, whereas a better result could be observed after the eighth session. Regarding vocal intensity, the improvement could be observed from the third session. Additionally, L1-L0 followed the same results. The overall degree auditory-perceptual assessment revealed the best results only after the second, third, and fourth sessions; however, after the eighth session, the instability increased. CONCLUSIONS: WRT allowed better results from the third session, with some improvements in the sixth session. However, the instability increased after the eighth session; thus, it is important to review the phonatory tasks and session numbers to avoid an overload in the phonatory system.

6.
J Relig Health ; 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38664323

RESUMO

This study examines the effectiveness of a voice training program designed for Islamic religious officials, who are occupational voice users with a significant vocal load. The participants included 34 healthy religious officials whose acoustic measures were within normal voice ranges for healthy adults (jitter < 1%; shimmer < 3%) and reported no voice complaints. Participants were randomly divided into two groups (experimental, n = 17; control, n = 17). The two-stage voice training program consisted of 32 sessions over 8 weeks with informative and voice exercise stages. Objective and subjective voice measurements were performed at the beginning and end of the research. Objective measurements included fundamental frequency, percentage of vocal pitch perturbation (jitter), percentage of vocal intensity perturbation (shimmer), and harmonics-to-noise ratio. Subjective voice measurements included the Singing Voice Handicap Index, Vocal Fatigue Index (VFI), and Voice-Related Quality of Life (V-RQoL) scores. All initial measurements other than VFI scores were within acceptable limits for both groups. There were no significant differences between the groups initially (p > 0.05) and no significant changes in the control group in the second evaluation (p > 0.05). However, there was significant improvement in the experimental group after the training program in all measures, including VFI scores (p < 0.05). This study shows the positive results of a voice training program. Voice training should be integrated into the formal education of occupational voice users or in-service training programs of relevant institutions.

7.
Eur J Oncol Nurs ; 70: 102551, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38642524

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the effect of voice training in patients with head and neck cancer who were undergoing radiotherapy. METHOD: This study used a randomized controlled trial design. IBM SPSS 26.0 was used to randomly divide 74 patients into a control group and an experimental group. The control group followed a swallowing exercises program, and the experimental group additionally received ABCLOVE voice training. Both training programs continued throughout the entire radiotherapy cycle. We compared standardized swallowing assessment (SSA), maximum phonation time (MPT), the Voice Handicap Index-10, and incidence of complications such as difficulty opening the mouth, malnutrition, and aspiration between the two groups at T1 (0 radiotherapy sessions, before radiotherapy), T2 (15-16 radiotherapy sessions, middle of radiotherapy), and T3 (30-32 radiotherapy sessions, end of radiotherapy). RESULTS: 70 participants completed this study. Swallowing function and MPT intergroup and interaction effects were statistically significant between the two groups (P < 0.05). At the end of radiotherapy (T3), the SSA score (20.77 ± 1.96) and MPT (10.98 ± 1.75) s in the experimental group were superior to those in the control group (SSA: 22.06 ± 2.38 and MPT: 9.49±1.41 s), with statistical significance (P<0.05). Moreover, the incidence of malnutrition and aspiration in the experimental group was lower than that in the control group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Voice training can improve swallowing function and MPT and reduce complications related to swallowing disorders in patients with head and neck cancer.

8.
J Voice ; 2024 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38688779

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Despite evidence for the validity of using client-led outcome measures in gender-affirming voice training (GAVT), the existing body of research on voice feminization relies heavily on acoustic-perceptual measures without additional qualitative exploration of client experience. Additionally, the authors are not aware of any existing studies prompting client input on the voice feminization methods they find most helpful in achieving their voice goals. The current study focuses on crucial client perceptions of GAVT for voice feminization and identifies the methods clients find most helpful. METHODS: Using a mixed-methods approach, we gathered numeric and qualitative survey data from 21 individuals who engaged in GAVT supporting voice feminization. We conducted follow-up interviews with five survey participants to gather additional qualitative data on client experiences and perceptions of GAVT. RESULTS: Quantitative and qualitative data reveal that clients are satisfied with GAVT supporting voice feminization, perceive their clinicians as being culturally inclusive, and identify oral/forward resonance work as one of the most helpful voice training methods. Interestingly, however, frequency of work on oral/forward resonance during training did not predict voice satisfaction post-training. CONCLUSIONS: Clients identified oral/forward resonance as one of the most helpful methods of voice feminization and found their GAVT experiences to be supportive of their voice goals. These findings emphasize the importance and value of client-led outcome measures when investigating effective approaches to GAVT.

9.
J Voice ; 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38519332

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There are very diverse approaches for voice therapy, and the application of voice quality used in vocal arts in voice therapy can also be seen. However, there is little research on the application of opera voice quality in voice therapy. This study explored the applications of our Opera Voice Quality Exercise in the field of voice therapy and investigated the impacts of this exercise on pitch, intensity, voice quality, and vocal ability. METHODS: Sixty-two healthy subjects, defined as those with no discomfort in their voice and no appearance of organic lesions on the larynx via stroboscopic laryngoscopy were included in the study. The subjects were randomly divided into an experimental group of 31 subjects and a control group of 31 subjects. The experimental group received a voice health education and weekly coaching sessions of Opera Voice Quality Exercise, whereas the subjects in the control group only had the former. The acoustic and aerodynamic parameters were evaluated before and after the experimental interventions. RESULTS: When producing [a] at comfortable speech pitch and intensity, the experimental group compared to the control group showed statistically significant improvement (P < 0.05) in the irregularity component (IC) parameter for males. When producing [a] at loudest intensity at a higher pitch in the normal speech pitch range, the experimental group compared to the control group showed statistically significant increase (P < 0.01) in sound pressure level (SPL) as well as improvements (P < 0.05) in shimmer and IC parameters for males. There was a statistically significant increase (P < 0.05) in SPL for females. During continuous speech, the experimental group compared to the control group showed statistically significant increase (P < 0.01) in SPLmax (maximum sound pressure level) for both males and females. There was a statistically significant increase in highest pitch (P < 0.01) and lowest pitch (P < 0.05) for males. CONCLUSION: Regardless of gender, there is the greatest impact of Opera Voice Quality Exercise on phonation intensity. Furthermore, for males, this exercise causes the voice quality to be improved and the speech pitch to raise. Therefore, there may be applications of Opera Voice Quality Exercise in voice problems with weak voice such as nonorganic hypofunctional dysphonia, vocal fold paresis and paralysis, and voice problems related to Parkinson and age.

10.
J Voice ; 2024 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38523022

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To map the phonatory tasks and the result measures used to evaluate vocal fatigue in vocally healthy individuals. METHODS: This is a scoping review based on the following research question: What are the phonatory tasks and outcome measures used for the evaluation of vocal fatigue in vocally healthy individuals? The construction of the search strategy followed the PCC strategy; population: vocally healthy adult individuals; concept: phonatory tasks and vocal evaluation measures; and context: vocal fatigue. The search was performed electronically in the databases Medline (PubMed), LILACS (BVS), SCOPUS (Elsevier), Web of Science (Clarivate), EMBASE, and COCHRANE. A manual search in the references of the selected articles and in the journal with the highest number of publications was also performed. The selection of articles was based on reading the titles, abstracts, and full text, applying the eligibility criteria. The selected articles were related to the evaluation of vocal fatigue in healthy individuals from a predetermined vocal load task. Data regarding the characteristics of the publication, sample, phonatory tasks, and outcomes were extracted. The results were presented in a descriptive format, due to a frequency distribution analysis. RESULTS: In total, 3756 studies were identified during the search, of which 60 were selected. The most used vocal load activity was the reading task, with duration ranging from 46 to 120 minutes. The (1) sustained vowel /a/ and (2) the reading of texts and phrases, both in usual intensity and frequency without the interference of the researcher, were the most used evaluation tasks. The most used outcome measures are the following: (1) acoustic parameters-fundamental frequency [fo] (mean, variance), sound pressure level (mean), local jitter (%), local shimmer (%), cepstral peak prominence (mean); (2) vocal self-assessment by the validated instruments-Perceived Phonatory Effort Scale, Visual Analog Scale, Borg-CR-10 Scale. CONCLUSIONS: There is a diversity of phonatory tasks and outcome measures recurrently used in scientific articles to evaluate the signs of vocal fatigue in vocally healthy individuals. The most used vocal sample to evaluate vocal fatigue was the sustained vowel /a/ in habitual intensity and frequency without the interference of the researcher. The most frequently reported outcome measures for the assessment of immediate vocal fatigue effects were the acoustic analysis and vocal self-assessment.

11.
J Voice ; 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336566

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Determine if acoustic measurements exist that are predictive of Auditory-Perceptual Assessment (APA) of gender expression in the voice of transgender, nonbinary, and cisgender Brazilian speakers by transgender, nonbinary, and cisgender judges, as well as speech-language pathologists in the area of voice studies. METHODS: Cross-sectional study. Clips of speech (automatic speech and expressive reading of poetry) and sustained vowel emission of people of different genders were recorded and underwent APA for gender expression in the voice using a visual analog scale across 100 points, ranging from very masculine to very feminine. Sixteen acoustic measurements were extracted (noise, perturbation, spectral, and cepstral measurements). A descriptive and inferential analysis was performed using interclass coefficients of correlation and stepwise multiple linear regression, considering P < 0.05 for statistical significance. RESULTS: Forty-seven people of different genders had their voices recorded. The perceived gender of these voices was judged by 236 people (65 speech-language pathologists, 101 cisgender people, and 70 transgender and nonbinary people). The perceptions and measurements that were predictive of gender perception in the voice differed according to the task (vowel or speech) and the group of judges. The predictive acoustic measurements that were common in all groups were: speech-median F0, harmonic-to-noise ratio (HNR), F0 standard deviation (F0sd), average width between F0 peaks, and spectral emphasis (Emph); vowels-median F0, HNR, F0sd, and average width between F0 peaks. Divergent measurements between groups were: speech-coefficient of variation of intensity, speech rate (Sr), minimum and maximum F0, jitter, and shimmer; vowels-coefficient of variation of intensity, Emph, Sr, and minimum and maximum F0. CONCLUSION: There are acoustic measures that may predict APA; however, each group of judges considers different measures to evaluate gender, revealing an important influence of context on the evaluator in gender assessment through the voice.

12.
J Voice ; 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326173

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the immediate effects of using MindVox in women without voice complaints for 1, 3, 5, and 7 minutes of reading tasks, on acoustic measurements of the vocal signal in low, medium, and strong intensity emissions; on self-rated effort vocal, and on the intensity of voice reception and production. METHODS: Participants read one text using MindVox for 1, 3, 5, and 7 minutes. After each time, measures of self-rated vocal effort were collected (BORG CR10-BR Scale), as well as samples of the vowel /e/ at low (>70 dB), moderate (≥70 dB and ≤80 dB), and high intensities (>80 dB). Acoustic measurements (F0, short-term acoustic measurements, and cepstral peak prominence measurements) were also collected before and after the procedure and subsequently analyzed in the CTS 5.0 Vox-Metria Program. Voice reception and production intensities were captured during the reading task using two decibel meters. One decibel meter was installed near the ear (average intensity received by the ear (EAVG)) and the other near the lips (average intensity captured near the lips (LAVG)), and the data were submitted for analysis. RESULTS: The Cepstral Peak Prominence-Smoothed increased in the first minute, the Cepstral Peak Prominence increased in the third minute, and the jitter decreased from the first minute. All these changes were observed at low intensity and were maintained at the other time points. For every 5 dB of amplification (EAVG), there was a 1 dB decrease in voice production (LAVG). CONCLUSION: Using MindVox in women without voice complaints brings positive immediate effects in cepstral measures and jitter at low intensity. There is a connection between the intensity of the voice received by the ear and the intensity of voice production.

13.
Logoped Phoniatr Vocol ; : 1-10, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38225800

RESUMO

Presentations to audiences are often seen as challenging by university students, causing physiological reactivity on cortisol levels and heart rate, for example. Many students perceive that they have difficulties expressing themselves or do not consider themselves to be good communicators. With the thought that efficient communication is able to bring well-being and more confidence, it is understood that a communication skills training could mitigate adverse effects on the body during public speaking. This study aimed to verify whether a communicational improvement training can improve physiological parameters and perception when speaking in public among university students. This was a prospective, blinded, controlled, and randomized trial. Students from colleges and universities were recruited for this study. Invitations were either in person or via social networks and/or e-mail. There were 39 university students who completed the tasks, ages between 18 and 30. There were two groups: the intervention group (IG) and control group (CG). The intervention group participated in a communicational improvement program for six weeks to work on breathing, articulation, speech rhythm, pneumophonoarticulatory coordination, expressiveness and non-verbal communication. Data of heart rate measures, salivary cortisol analysis, self-perception of public speaking, and presentation ratings were collected. The intervention group presented with lower heart rates and cortisol levels, better presentation ratings, and higher self-perception of public speaking than the control group after participating in the communication improvement training. In this study it was possible to verify the efficiency of a communicational improvement training, being able to improve cortisol levels, heart rate, and perception when speaking in public in university students. Based on the results presented, new studies are suggested: (a) measuring the individual effect of the workshops demonstrated here and (b) comparing this type of intervention with other types of treatment used in the health area (medication, psychotherapeutic, holistic, etc.).

14.
CoDAS ; 36(1): e20220291, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520731

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o efeito imediato do inspirômetro de incentivo nas medidas acústicas, medidas aerodinâmicas e na avaliação perceptivo-auditiva da qualidade vocal de mulheres com vozes saudáveis. Método Trata-se de um estudo experimental de comparação intrassujeito que contou com a participação de 22 mulheres sem queixas vocais. Foram obtidas as medidas acústicas, medidas aerodinâmicas e a avaliação perceptivo-auditiva da qualidade vocal antes e imediatamente após o uso do inspirômetro de incentivo pelas participantes. O dispositivo foi utilizado na posição ortostática, e as participantes realizaram três séries de dez repetições com intervalo de um minuto entre as séries. Resultados Após uso do inspirômetro de incentivo, observou-se redução significativa nas medidas de jitter, shimmer e PPQ (period perturbation quociente) e aumento do volume expiratório máximo. As demais medidas acústicas e aerodinâmicas não foram impactadas significativamente. Além disso, houve melhora na avaliação perceptivo-auditiva da qualidade vocal em oito (36,4%) participantes, e 11 (50,0%) não apresentaram mudanças após uso do inspirômetro de incentivo. Conclusão O uso do inspirômetro de incentivo é seguro e, em seu efeito imediato, promove redução nas medidas acústicas de aperiodicidade a curto prazo, tanto relacionadas à frequência quanto à intensidade, e aumenta o volume expiratório máximo em mulheres com vozes saudáveis.


ABSTRACT Purpose To evaluate the immediate effect of the incentive spirometer on acoustic measures, aerodynamic measures and on the auditory-perceptual assessment of vocal quality in vocally healthy women. Methods This is an experimental intra-subject comparison study with the participation of 22 women without vocal complaints. Acoustic measures, aerodynamic measures and auditory-perceptual assessment of vocal quality were obtained before and immediately after using the incentive spirometer by the participants. The device was used in the orthostatic position and the participants performed three sets of ten repetitions with a one-minute interval between sets. Results After using the incentive spirometer, there was a significant reduction in jitter, shimmer and PPQ (period perturbation quotient) measurements and an increase in maximum expiratory volume, while the other acoustic and aerodynamic measurements were not significantly impacted. In addition, there was improvement in vocal quality in eight (36.4%) participants and 11 (50.0%) participants showed no changes in the auditory perceptual assessment of voice quality after using the incentive spirometer. Conclusion The use of the incentive spirometer is safe and, in its immediate effect, positively impacts the acoustic measures of short-term aperiodicity of frequency and intensity and increases the maximum expiratory volume in women with healthy voices.

15.
CoDAS ; 36(1): e20220202, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528446

RESUMO

RESUMO Introdução A percepção auditiva da voz e sua produção envolvem o feedback auditivo, as pistas cinestésicas e o sistema de feedforward, os quais produzem efeitos distintos para a voz. Os efeitos Lombard, Sidetone e o Pitch-Shift-Reflex são os mais estudados. O mapeamento de experimentos científicos sobre as modificações do feedback auditivo para o controle motor da voz possibilita examinar a literatura existente sobre o fenômeno e pode contribuir para o treinamento ou terapias da voz. Objetivo Mapear os experimentos e resultados das pesquisas com manipulação do feedback auditivo para o controle motor da voz de indivíduos adultos. Método Revisão de escopo seguindo o Checklist Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension (PRISMA-ScR) para responder à pergunta: "Quais os métodos de investigação e principais achados das pesquisas sobre a manipulação do feedback auditivo no automonitoramento da voz de indivíduos adultos?". O protocolo de busca foi baseado na estratégia mnemônica População, Conceito e Contexto (PCC). A população são os indivíduos adultos; o conceito é a manipulação do feedback auditivo e o contexto é o controle motor da voz. Os artigos foram pesquisados nas bases de dados: BVS/ Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, MEDLINE/Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval Sistem on-line, COCHRANE, CINAHL/Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, SCOPUS e WEB OF SCIENCE. Resultados Foram encontrados 60 artigos, sendo 19 da temática do Efeito Lombard, 25 do efeito Pitch-shift-reflex, 12 do efeito Sidetone e quatro sobre o efeito Sidetone/Lombard. Os estudos são concordantes que a inserção de um ruído que mascara o feedback auditivo provoca um aumento na intensidade de fala do indivíduo e que a amplificação do feedback auditivo promove a redução do nível de pressão sonora na produção da voz. Observa-se uma resposta reflexa à mudança de tom no feedback auditivo, porém, com características individuais em cada estudo. Conclusão O material e método dos experimentos são distintos, não há padronizações nas tarefas, as amostras são variadas, muitas vezes reduzidas. A diversidade metodológica dificulta a generalização dos resultados. Os principais achados das pesquisas a respeito o feedback auditivo sobre o controle motor da voz confirmam que, na supressão do feedback auditivo, o indivíduo tende a aumentar a intensidade da voz. Na amplificação do feedback auditivo, o indivíduo diminui a intensidade e tem maior controle sobre a frequência fundamental e, nas manipulações da frequência, o indivíduo tende a corrigir a manipulação. Os poucos estudos com sujeitos disfônicos mostram que eles se comportam diferentemente dos não disfônicos.


ABSTRACT Introduction The auditory perception of voice and its production involve auditory feedback, kinesthetic cues and the feedforward system that produce different effects for the voice. The Lombard, Sidetone and Pitch-Shift-Reflex effects are the most studied. The mapping of scientific experiments on changes in auditory feedback for voice motor control makes it possible to examine the existing literature on the phenomenon and may contribute to voice training or therapies. Purpose To map experiments and research results with manipulation of auditory feedback for voice motor control in adults. Method Scope review following the Checklist Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension (PRISMA-ScR) to answer the question: "What are the investigation methods and main research findings on the manipulation of auditory feedback in voice self-monitoring of adults?". The search protocol was based on the Population, Concept, and Context (PCC) mnemonic strategy, in which the population is adult individuals, the concept is the manipulation of auditory feedback and the context is on motor voice control. Articles were searched in the databases: BVS/Virtual Health Library, MEDLINE/Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System online, COCHRANE, CINAHL/Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, SCOPUS and WEB OF SCIENCE. Results 60 articles were found, 19 on the Lombard Effect, 25 on the Pitch-shift-reflex effect, 12 on the Sidetone effect and four on the Sidetone/Lombard effect. The studies are in agreement that the insertion of a noise that masks the auditory feedback causes an increase in the individual's speech intensity and that the amplification of the auditory feedback promotes the reduction of the sound pressure level in the voice production. A reflex response to the change in pitch is observed in the auditory feedback, however, with particular characteristics in each study. Conclusion The material and method of the experiments are different, there are no standardizations in the tasks, the samples are varied and often reduced. The methodological diversity makes it difficult to generalize the results. The main findings of research on auditory feedback on voice motor control confirm that in the suppression of auditory feedback, the individual tends to increase the intensity of the voice. In auditory feedback amplification, the individual decreases the intensity and has greater control over the fundamental frequency, and in frequency manipulations, the individual tends to correct the manipulation. The few studies with dysphonic individuals show that they behave differently from non-dysphonic individuals.

16.
J Voice ; 2023 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38071130

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To verify the effectiveness of low-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) simultaneously applied to the performance of vocal exercises in women with behavioral dysphonia. METHODS: This is a randomized, blinded clinical trial (Register Number: RBR-5k95vs). Twelve adult women with vocal nodules, randomly divided into three groups (G1: 4 participants - 12 sessions - application of placebo TENS simultaneously to the execution of vocal exercises; G2: 5 participants - 12 sessions - application of low-frequency TENS (frequency at 10 Hz, 200 µs duration phase, motor threshold, with electrodes placed on the thyroid cartilage lamina, bilaterally); and G3: 3 participants - 12 sessions - application of low-frequency TENS (same condition as G2) simultaneously to the execution of vocal exercises), participated in this study. The therapies were performed for 30 minutes in each session, twice a week. The participants were evaluated regarding vocal quality through acoustic voice analysis (fundamental frequency, Cesptral Peak Prominence-Smoothed (CPPs), alpha ratio, L1-L0, Acoustic Breathiness Index (ABI), and Acoustic Vocal Quality Index (AVQI)), vocal economy through electroglottography, and vocal self-assessment using the Voice-Related Quality of Life (V-RQOL) protocol. Assessments were performed before and immediately after voice therapy. Data were analyzed using the two-way repeated-measures ANOVA (variance analysis) test to compare assessment times and intervention groups. RESULTS: It was observed that G2 presented a reduction in the ABI acoustic parameter after the intervention and an increase in the values of the CPPs and L1-L0 parameter and in the scores of the physical and total V-RQOL domains. There were no differences for the other outcomes in relation to time and group. CONCLUSION: Preliminary results indicate that low-frequency TENS applied alone can reduce ABI parameter values and improve voice-related quality of life in dysphonic women.

17.
J Voice ; 2023 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38142188

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate whether the vocal self-concept and potential vocal and related mental health problems of university teachers and academic advisers can be improved by participating in preventive voice training. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: University teachers and academic advisers show an increased susceptibility to occupational risk factors related to their voice and an increased prevalence of developing a voice disorder in the course of their employment. An experimental, prospective, longitudinal study was conducted to examine whether voice training (1) improves physiological vocal function, vocal performance, vocal self-concept, and mental health of university teachers and academic advisers; (2) reduces unfavorable influencing factors at the university workplace; and (3) fewer voice problems are reported from the perspective of university teachers and academic advisers. RESULTS: This study showed that voice training has positive influences on the voice (function and quality), voice self-concept, and well-being of university staff. CONCLUSIONS: Workplace prevention programs can help to reduce the high prevalence of voice disorders among university teachers and advisers and counteract the risk factors. They should therefore be firmly integrated into continuing education/university health management and everyday life to cope with certain work-related vocal stresses and to maintain psychological and vocal well-being throughout the university career. Gender and age-related aspects should be considered.

18.
J Voice ; 2023 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38155057

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To map the volitional and non-volitional devices used by speech and language pathologists (SLPs) in voice training and therapy and characterize their use in research on voice interventions. METHODS: This scoping review is the first part of a larger study. The electronic search was carried out by mapping the references in PubMed/Medline, LILACS/BVS, Scopus, Web of Science, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library, and the manual search was carried out in the grey literature. Two blind independent reviewers selected and extracted data; divergences were solved by consensus. The data extracted in this part of the study were the authorship and year of publication, country, study design, sample characteristics, intervention modality, ingredient, target, mechanism of action, dosage, and outcome measures. They were addressed with descriptive analysis. RESULTS: Publications that use devices as ingredients are mostly from the last two decades, mainly carried out in the United States of America and Brazil, in adults of both sexes with behavioral dysphonia. Forty-two types of devices were used, many of them with similar approaches but different nomenclatures. Most devices were used voluntarily, focusing on vocal function, and aiming to increase source and filter interaction. Most studies used silicone tubes. The most reported technical specification to apply the ingredient was surface electrodes on the neck. Device dosage was time-controlled, and the most used outcomes were self-assessment and acoustic analysis. CONCLUSION: Devices are currently used as ingredients in vocal interventions, with a greater focus on increasing the source and filter interaction, associated with silicone tubes (the most used devices in these studies), which have been dosed with performance time. Outcomes were measured with self-assessment instruments.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535319

RESUMO

Introduction: The complexity of the vocal phenomenon hinders the therapist's ability to quickly and effectively monitor the achievements obtained by the patient through vocal intervention. The assessment of therapeutic progress relies on the therapist's capability to utilize valid, reliable, and meaningful outcome criteria. Aim: Develop a conceptual framework of outcome criteria to be used in the treatment plans designed by speech-language pathologists for patients with vocal complaints. Methodology: Qualitative, conceptual, and model-type research in which a critical review is conducted through a non-probabilistic theoretical sampling of the theoretical models of therapy treatment plans, the outcome criteria involved and their relevance to voice intervention. Building upon this, a taxonomy of outcome criteria is proposed for verifying therapeutic progress in voice therapy. Results: A conceptual outcome criteria framework is proposed. This model incorporates quantitative, qualitative, and mixed criteria to monitor the diverse aspects of vocal function in the context of voice intervention. Conclusion: The model provides a precise guide to assess the results achieved by the patient in vocal intervention through treatment goals.


Introducción: La complejidad del fenómeno vocal dificulta que el/la terapeuta monitoree de manera rápida y eficaz los logros obtenidos por el/la usuario/a mediante la intervención fonoaudiológica. La evaluación del avance terapéutico depende de la habilidad del/la terapeuta para emplear criterios de medición válidos, confiables y significativos. Objetivo: Desarrollar un modelo teórico de criterios de logro para su consideración en la formulación de los objetivos operacionales en las planificaciones terapéuticas que emplean los profesionales fonoaudiólogos en la atención de usuarios/as que presentan queja vocal. Metodología: Investigación cualitativa, de tipo conceptual y modélica, en la que se lleva a cabo una revisión crítica de la literatura a través de un muestreo teórico no probabilístico de los modelos teóricos propuestos para la formulación y medición de objetivos en el contexto terapéutico y sus alcances respecto de la intervención vocal. A partir de ello, se propone una taxonomía de criterios de logro para la verificación del avance terapéutico. Resultados: Se propone una taxonomía organizada en torno a criterios de logro cuantitativos, cualitativos y mixtos, los que son propuestos para el monitoreo de diversos aspectos de la función vocal en el contexto de la intervención fonoaudiológica. Conclusión: El modelo proporciona una guía precisa para evaluar de manera efectiva el progreso y los resultados alcanzados por el/la usuario/a en el abordaje fonoaudiológico vocal a través de los objetivos operacionales planteados para la intervención.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535332

RESUMO

Introduction: Due to the communicative requirements inherent to the profession, the legal professional benefits from speech therapy monitoring for the proper use of the voice and to avoid the occurrence of vocal disorders. The development of specific instruments will contribute with more relevant data to guide this monitoring. Objective: To verify the applicability of the General Dysphonia Risk Screening Protocol (DRSP-G) and the Specific Dysphonia Risk Screening Protocol for Legal Professionals (DRSP-LP) and to correlate the average scores of both with vocal deviation, sex, age, professional performance time, vocal signs and symptoms, and vocal self-assessment. Methods: Fifty legal professionals participated. All participants completed the DRSP-G and DRSP-LP and recorded their voices for detection of the presence of altered vocal quality. Results: Most participants presented a high risk of dysphonia, which was higher in men. Altered vocal quality was observed in 34% of the participants. The items with the highest scores in the DRSP-G were talking a lot (76%), excessive daily coffee intake (70%), contact with smokers (60%), and insufficient hydration and sleep (48%); in the DRSP-LP, alcohol consumption (68%) and exposure to air conditioning (64%). There was no correlation between risk scores and the degree of dysphonia, or with age or length of professional experience. The DRSP-G score correlated with vocal signs and symptoms and vocal self-perception. Conclusions: The joint application of the DRSP-G and the DRSP-LP enabled a quantitative and qualitative analysis of risk factors for dysphonia in legal professionals.


Introducción: Debido a las exigencias comunicativas inherentes a la profesión, el profesional del derecho se beneficia del seguimiento logopédico para el correcto uso de la voz y para evitar la aparición de trastornos vocales. El desarrollo de instrumentos específicos contribuirá con datos más relevantes para guiar este seguimiento. Objetivo: Verificar la aplicabilidad del Protocolo General de Detección de Riesgo de Disfonía (DRSP-G) y el Protocolo de Detección de Riesgo Específico para Profesionales del Derecho (DRSP-LP) y correlacionar las puntuaciones de ambos con varias variables de interés. Metodología: Participaron 50 profesionales del derecho. Todos completaron el DRSP-G y DRSP-LP y grabaron sus voces para detectar la presencia de alteraciones en la calidad de la voz. Resultados: La mayoría presentó un alto riesgo de disfonía, que fue mayor en los hombres. Se observó alteración en la calidad de la voz en el 34% de los participantes. Los ítems con puntajes más altos en el DRSP-G fueron hablar mucho (76%), ingesta diaria excesiva de café (70%), contacto con fumadores (60%) e hidratación y sueño insuficientes (48%); y en el DRSP-LP, consumo de alcohol (68%) y exposición al aire acondicionado (64%). No hubo correlación entre las puntuaciones de riesgo y el grado de disfonía, ni con la edad o la antigüedad profesional. La puntuación DRSP-G se correlacionó con los signos y síntomas vocales y la autopercepción vocal. Conclusiones: La aplicación conjunta del DRSP-G y el DRSP-LP permitió un análisis cuantitativo y cualitativo de los factores de riesgo de disfonía en profesionales del derecho.

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