Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 367
Filtrar
1.
Arch Dis Child ; 2024 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38876505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neutrophils are key contributors to chronic airway inflammation in cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease, although airway and blood-based neutrophil markers are seldom used. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is an accessible biomarker, the clinical utility of which has not been adequately studied. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of the NLR in children with CF and its correlations with acute pulmonary exacerbations and spirometry. DESIGN: A previous study had collected clinical data from children with CF for a 3-year period between 2016 and 2021. Retrospectively, NLR values were categorised according to patients' clinical status during blood sample collection as 'stable', 'acute pulmonary exacerbation' or 'elective admission for chronic clinical concern'. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Demographic characteristics associated with the NLR; changes in NLR values in relation to clinical status; relationship between NLR and lung function. RESULTS: 141 children with CF were included. NLR values during clinical stability were higher in females and increased with age. For children admitted for intravenous antibiotics, NLR values significantly increased from clinical stability (median (IQR)=1.13 (0.75-1.51)) to acute pulmonary exacerbations (median (IQR)=1.50 (0.96-2.65), p=0.001), but similar changes were not observed in elective admissions. The NLR was not associated with lung function. CONCLUSIONS: The NLR demonstrated associations with clinical status in children with CF with significant elevations during acute pulmonary exacerbations. While its utility as a single-marker measure is limited, monitoring the NLR over time may help identify periods of increased inflammation.

2.
Acad Radiol ; 2024 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38876842

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Managing contrast reactions is critical as contrast reactions can be life-threatening and unpredictable. Institutions need an effective system to handle these events. Currently, there is no standard practice for assigning trainees, radiologists, non-radiologist physicians, or other non-physician providers for management of contrast reaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Association of Academic Radiologists (AAR) created a task force to address this gap. The AAR task force reviewed existing practices, studied available literature, and consulted experts related to contrast reaction management. The Society of Chairs of Academic Radiology Departments (SCARD) members were surveyed using a questionnaire focused on staffing strategies for contrast reaction management. RESULTS: The task force found disparities in contrast reactions management across institutions and healthcare providers. There is a lack of standardized protocols for assigning personnel for contrast reaction management. CONCLUSION: The AAR task force suggests developing standardized protocols for contrast reaction management. The protocols should outline clear roles for different healthcare providers involved in these events.

3.
Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol ; 23(2): 127-138, 2024 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822508

RESUMO

The tragic COVID-19 pandemic affected many children worldwide. Among the factors that may influence the course of viral infections including COVID-19, it is still uncertain whether atopy has a protective or predisposing role. The study aims to address the knowledge gap by investigating the prevalence and severity of COVID-19 among atopic children in Kerman, in 2022. A descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study on children with a history of atopy was performed in Kerman Medical University. Demographic information, type of atopy (including allergic rhinitis, Hyper-Reactive Airway Disease (HRAD) or asthma, eczema, urticaria, anaphylaxis, and food allergy), history of COVID-19 infection, and disease severity were recorded. A total of 1007 children and adolescents, (boys: 56.4%, girls: 43.6%, age:5.61±2.64 years) were included in the study. History of COVID-19 infection was positive in 53.5%, with 75.9% of the cases exhibiting mild disease severity. The frequency of atopies was HRAD or asthma (67.2%), allergic rhinitis (42.6%), and food allergy (27.4%). The frequency of COVID-19 cases was significantly higher among patients with HRAD or asthma, whereas it was significantly lower among those with food allergies, anaphylaxis, and eczema. Among atopic individuals, COVID-19 severity was significantly lower in those with allergic rhinitis, while the opposite trend was observed among food-allergic individuals. This study sheds light on the relationship between atopy and COVID-19 among pediatric patients. It seems specific types of atopies may influence the risk and severity of COVID-19 infection differently. A better understanding of these associations can inform clinical management and preventive measures for vulnerable pediatric populations.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/imunologia , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Criança , Prevalência , Pré-Escolar , Adolescente , Asma/epidemiologia , Rinite Alérgica/epidemiologia , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/epidemiologia
4.
Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol ; 23(2): 139-148, 2024 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822509

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are limited data on severe cutaneous adverse reactions (SCARs) associated with antiepileptic medications. The current study aims to investigate the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of antiepileptic medication-induced SCARs in hospitalized children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current five-year retrospective study was conducted at Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran. This study included all children with a definite diagnosis of SCARs secondary to the use of antiepileptic medications based on the world health organization (WHO) definition. In our study SCARs were categorized into three fields: Hypersensitivity syndrome, drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), and Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS)/toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). RESULTS: Among 259 children with SCARs induced by antiepileptic medications, 199 (76.83%), 42 (16.22%), and 18 (6.95%) had hypersensitivity syndrome, DRESS, and SJS/TEN, respectively. Phenobarbital was the most common offending drug in all types of SCARs. The multinomial logistic regression model revealed that lymphadenopathy increased the occurrence of DRESS by 35 times compared to hypersensitivity syndrome (P < 0.001). Girls were at risk of SJS/TEN approximately 6 times more than boys (P = 0.027). Age (P = 0.021), weight (P = 0.036), and mucosal involvement (P < 0.001) affected the hospitalization duration in children with SCARs related to antiepileptic medication. CONCLUSION: There are some similarities and differences in the clinical and epidemiological features of Iranian children suffering from antiepileptic medication-induced SCARs.


Assuntos
Anticonvulsivantes , Síndrome de Stevens-Johnson , Humanos , Anticonvulsivantes/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Masculino , Criança , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pré-Escolar , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Stevens-Johnson/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Stevens-Johnson/etiologia , Síndrome de Hipersensibilidade a Medicamentos/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Hipersensibilidade a Medicamentos/etiologia , Síndrome de Hipersensibilidade a Medicamentos/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Lactente , Criança Hospitalizada , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco
5.
Eur J Hosp Pharm ; 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844328

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify and promote hospital pharmacy initiatives to improve the management of patients with hereditary angioedema (HAE) within the Spanish healthcare system. METHOD: A panel of experts comprising hospital pharmacists, an allergist and a nurse/member of the Spanish Hereditary Angioedema Association (Asociación Española de Angioedema Familiar) highlighted initiatives to improve care for patients with HAE after identifying, evaluating and prioritising them. Prioritisation was assessed based on the impact on patient care and the feasibility of their implementation on a scale of 1-5. RESULTS: Seven key areas of activity for the role of hospital pharmacists in the management of patients with HAE were identified: evaluation and selection of medicines; hospital pharmacy dispensation and telepharmacy; pharmacotherapy follow-up and telemedicine; coordination with other healthcare teams involved in the care of patients with HAE; patient health education and training; research on HAE; and continuous education and training of hospital pharmacy service personnel. Ten initiatives with a mean impact score of 5 and a mean feasibility score of ≥4.1 were considered as high-priority initiatives. Half of the initiatives belong to the area concerning patient education and training (50%), followed by care coordination initiatives (30%) and continuous education and training (20%). CONCLUSIONS: Ten high-priority initiatives for the management of patients with HAE were identified by a panel of experts. The implementation of such initiatives by the hospital pharmacy service should enhance the management of patients with HAE in the Spanish healthcare system.

6.
Intensive Care Med ; 50(6): 913-921, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38739277

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Critically ill patients are vulnerable to penicillin allergy labels that may be incorrect. The validity of skin testing in intensive care units (ICUs) is uncertain. Many penicillin allergy labels are low risk, and validated tools exist to identify those amenable to direct oral challenge. This pilot randomised controlled trial explored the feasibility, safety, and validity of direct enteral challenge for low-risk penicillin allergy labels in critical illness. METHODS: Consenting patients with a low-risk penicillin allergy label (PAL) (PEN-FAST risk assessment score < 3) in four ICUs (Melbourne, Australia) were randomised 1:1 to penicillin (250 mg amoxicillin or implicated penicillin) direct enteral challenge versus routine care (2-h post-randomisation observation for each arm). Repeat challenge was performed post -ICU in the intervention arm. Patients were reviewed at 24 h and 5 days after each challenge/observation. RESULTS: We screened 533 patients. 130 (24.4%) were eligible and 80/130 (61.5%) enrolled (age median 64.5 years (interquartile range, IQR 53.5, 74), PEN-FAST median 1 (IQR 0,1)), with 40 (50%) randomised to direct enteral challenge. A positive challenge rate of 2.5% was identified. No antibiotic-associated serious adverse events were identified. 32/40 (80%) received a repeat challenge (zero positive). Post-randomisation, 13 (32%) of the intervention arm and 4 (10%) of the control arm received penicillin (odds ratio, OR 4.33 [1.27, 14.78] p = 0.019). CONCLUSION: These findings support the safety, validity, and feasibility of direct enteral challenge for critically ill patients with PEN-FAST assessed low-risk penicillin allergy. The absence of false negative results was confirmed by subsequent negative repeat challenges. A relatively low recruitment to screened ratio suggests that more inclusive eligibility criteria and integration of allergy assessment into routine ICU processes are needed to optimise allergy delabelling in critical illness.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas , Estudos de Viabilidade , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Penicilinas , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Feminino , Idoso , Penicilinas/efeitos adversos , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/diagnóstico , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Administração Oral , Medição de Risco/métodos , Testes Cutâneos/métodos
7.
Glob Pediatr Health ; 11: 2333794X241251615, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716425

RESUMO

Objective. This study aimed to evaluate allergic diseases in pediatric patients with SLE and their association with SLE disease activity. Method. Patients with SLE aged ≤18 years were enrolled. Allergic diseases were screened using the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire. Patients with a positive allergic disease screen were evaluated by a pediatric allergist for diagnostic confirmation and severity assessment. Results. Out of 118 patients, 16 patients (13.56%) were confirmed to have 1 or more allergic diseases; fourteen with allergic rhinitis, 4 with asthma, and 2 with atopic dermatitis. Two patients had severe-persistent allergic rhinitis and one patient had undiagnosed, uncontrolled severe asthma. No statistically significant correlations between the severity of allergic diseases and SLE disease activity were identified. Conclusions. The overall prevalence of allergic disease among pediatric patients with SLE is within the range of the general population. Severe and undiagnosed allergic diseases and SLE can coexist.

9.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 44(6): 1318-1329, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38634281

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tissue resident memory T (TRM) cells are a T-cell subset that resides at the site of prior antigen recognition to protect the body against reoccurring encounters. Besides their protective function, TRM cells have also been implicated in inflammatory disorders. TRM cells are characterized by the expression of CD69 and transcription factors Hobit (homolog of Blimp-1 [B lymphocyte-induced maturation protein 1] in T cells) and Blimp-1. As the majority of T cells in the arterial intima expresses CD69, TRM cells may contribute to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis as well. Here, we aimed to assess the presence and potential role of TRM cells in atherosclerosis. METHODS: To identify TRM cells in human atherosclerotic lesions, a single-cell RNA-sequencing data set was interrogated, and T-cell phenotypes were compared with that of integrated predefined TRM cells. The presence and phenotype of TRM in atherosclerotic lesions was corroborated using a mouse model that enabled tracking of Hobit-expressing TRM cells. To explore the function of TRM cells during atherogenesis, RAG1-/- (recombination activating gene 1 deficient) LDLr-/- (low-density lipoprotein receptor knockout) mice received a bone marrow transplant from HobitKO/CREBlimp-1flox/flox mice, which exhibit abrogated TRM cell formation, whereafter the mice were fed a Western-type diet for 10 weeks. RESULTS: Human atherosclerotic lesions contained T cells that exhibited a TRM cell-associated gene signature. Moreover, a fraction of these T cells clustered together with predefined TRM cells upon integration. The presence of Hobit-expressing TRM cells in the atherosclerotic lesion was confirmed in mice. These lesion-derived TRM cells were characterized by the expression of CD69 and CD49α. Moreover, we demonstrated that this small T-cell subset significantly affects lesion composition, by reducing the amount of intralesional macrophages and increasing collagen content. CONCLUSIONS: TRM cells, characterized by the expression of CD69 and CD49α, constitute a minor population in atherosclerotic lesions and are associated with increased lesion stability in a Hobit and Blimp-1 knockout mouse model.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Memória Imunológica , Macrófagos , Células T de Memória , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Placa Aterosclerótica , Receptores de LDL , Animais , Aterosclerose/patologia , Aterosclerose/imunologia , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/genética , Humanos , Células T de Memória/imunologia , Células T de Memória/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/patologia , Receptores de LDL/genética , Receptores de LDL/deficiência , Camundongos , Masculino , Camundongos Knockout , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/genética , Lectinas Tipo C/metabolismo , Lectinas Tipo C/genética , Fenótipo , Feminino , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígenos CD/genética , Doenças da Aorta/patologia , Doenças da Aorta/imunologia , Doenças da Aorta/genética , Doenças da Aorta/metabolismo
10.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 30(6): 1282-1283, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38669121

RESUMO

Because novel SARS-CoV-2 variants continue to emerge, immunogenicity of XBB.1.5 monovalent vaccines against live clinical isolates needs to be evaluated. We report boosting of IgG (2.1×), IgA (1.5×), and total IgG/A/M (1.7×) targeting the spike receptor-binding domain and neutralizing titers against WA1 (2.2×), XBB.1.5 (7.4×), EG.5.1 (10.5×), and JN.1 (4.7×) variants.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Anticorpos Antivirais , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Imunidade Humoral , SARS-CoV-2 , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus , Humanos , Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Imunoglobulina A/sangue , Imunoglobulina A/imunologia , Feminino , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , Adulto
11.
Arch Dis Child ; 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38663978

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the implementation of an antimicrobial stewardship programme-led inpatient beta-lactam allergy de-labelling programme using a direct oral provocation test (OPT). DESIGN: One-year quality improvement study using a before-after design. SETTING: Free-standing tertiary care paediatric hospital. PATIENTS: Patients with a reported beta-lactam allergy admitted to the paediatric medicine inpatient unit. INTERVENTIONS: Following standardised assessment and risk stratification of reported symptoms, patients with a low-risk history were offered an OPT. Beta-lactam allergy labels were removed if a reported history was considered non-allergic or after successful OPT. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Removal of inappropriate beta-lactam allergy labels. RESULTS: 80 patients with 85 reported beta-lactam allergies were assessed. Median age was 8.1 years (IQR 4.8-12.9) and 34 (42%) were female. The majority (n=55, 69%) had an underlying medical condition. Amoxicillin was the most reported allergy (n=25, 29%). Reported reactions were primarily dermatological (n=65, 77%). Half of participants (n=40) were ineligible for OPT, with equal proportions due to clinical reasons or the nature of the reported reaction. Of the 40 eligible patients, 28 patients (70%) were de-labelled either by history alone (n=10) or OPT (n=18). All OPTs were successful. De-labelling allowed five additional patients (11% of those receiving antibiotics) to receive the preferred beta-lactam. Including patients who were subsequently assessed in the allergy clinic, almost half of all evaluated patients were de-labelled (n=37, 46%). CONCLUSIONS: An antimicrobial stewardship programme-led programme using a direct OPT was feasible and safe for expanding beta-lactam allergy de-labelling to paediatric patients admitted to the paediatric medicine inpatient unit.

12.
Cureus ; 16(3): e56249, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623099

RESUMO

Kounis syndrome (KS), recognized as a rare yet significant form of acute coronary syndrome precipitated by allergy-mediated mechanisms, poses diagnostic challenges due to its varied clinical presentations and under-recognition. Despite its relevance across diverse populations, comprehensive insights into age-specific characteristics and management remain limited. The analysis of 420 studies yielded a total of 466 case reports of Kounis syndrome, categorized into pediatric (n = 31) and adult (n = 435) populations. After rigorous screening, 330 adult and 20 pediatric case reports were included for further analysis. Triggering factors were identified, with drugs (other) being the most prevalent in both groups. The breakdown of triggering factors, such as drugs (antibiotics), bee/wasp stings, and contrast media, was elucidated. Variations in presenting symptoms, diagnostic investigations, and treatment modalities between pediatric and adult populations were observed. Notably, all pediatric cases were diagnosed with subtype I Kounis syndrome and demonstrated favorable outcomes without any reported fatalities, whereas adult cases exhibited a broader range of Kounis subtypes. Mortality was recorded solely in adult case reports, with no fatalities reported among pediatric cases. These findings underscore the importance of understanding the nuances in the clinical presentation and management of Kounis syndrome across different age groups.

13.
Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol ; 23(1): 29-51, 2024 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38485908

RESUMO

This study aimed to present a bibliometric and altmetric Analyses of the Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (IJAAI). The citation performance and altmetric data were extracted from Scopus and Altmetric Explorer, respectively. Analyses were done using SPSS 26, Microsoft Excel, VOSviewer, and CiteSpace. The results of the bibliometric analysis revealed that IJAAI had experienced respectable growth. Among the total citations, 4746 citations belong to the first decade (2005-2014) and 3,035 citations belong to the second (2015-2022). The findings demonstrated the significance of IJAAI among Iranian researchers. Pourpak, Z (66; 6.57%) is the top-producing author in IJAAI. The examination of research institutions reveals that the Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS) is ranked first. The most highly cited article in IJAAI over the past 18 years is a review article which has received 138 citations. IJAAI is ranked first at the citing source and journal level, with the most citations (249 citations) to IJAAI. Iran has collaborated with 13 other countries. Overall, the analysis of co-occurred keywords indicates that IJAAI authors have used the following three high-frequency and important keywords: Asthma (162), Inflammation (48), and Multiple sclerosis (40). Co-citation analysis results demonstrated that a total of 6,718 sources were cited in this journal. The results of the altmetric analysis show that IJAAI has a reasonably low presence across various social media platforms, including Twitter, Facebook, Wikipedia, Mendeley, news and blogs. This study aids researchers in exploring and identifying emerging trends in the fields of allergy, asthma, and immunology.


Assuntos
Asma , Hipersensibilidade , Humanos , Altmetria , Bibliometria , Irã (Geográfico) , Fator de Impacto de Revistas
14.
J Clin Pathol ; 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38538072

RESUMO

C3 glomerulopathy (C3G) is a rare kidney disease caused by the glomerular deposition of C3 fragments secondary to alternative pathway complement dysregulation. C3 nephritic factors (C3Nef) are the most common acquired cause, and their detection has treatment and prognostic implications. Although C3 concentration can be normal in the presence of C3Nef, many laboratories will only perform C3Nef testing when C3 is low. We performed a retrospective study of all positive C3Nef results from the authors' laboratory since 2015 and found that two of the four patients with positive C3Nef and biopsy-confirmed C3G had normal C3 concentrations. This may be in part due to limitations in commercial C3 testing methods which use anti-C3c antisera directed against both C3 breakdown products and native C3. A normal C3 concentration should not preclude C3Nef testing in the appropriate clinical context.

15.
Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed ; 109(3): 137-142, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38503429

RESUMO

Judicious use of autoantibodies in paediatrics can be challenging. Autoimmune conditions can present with a wide range of signs and symptoms, many of which are non-specific. In combination with clinical features and laboratory findings, autoantibodies can facilitate diagnosis and in certain cases inform prognosis. Evidence for use of autoantibodies to guide and monitor treatment is limited. Caution is necessary when interpreting adult studies. We summarise the use of autoantibodies in paediatric practice with a guide on how they may be used.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos , Doenças Autoimunes , Humanos , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Criança , Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico , Doenças Autoimunes/imunologia , Doenças Autoimunes/sangue , Pediatria/normas , Pré-Escolar
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38453428

RESUMO

Immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated food allergy is an immune response, typically to a food protein. Accurate diagnosis reduces unnecessary dietary restrictions and economic and psychological burden on patients and caregivers but relies on a rigorous clinical history, specific IgE diagnostic tests and, where needed, oral food challenge. Increased awareness is needed around which patients to test for IgE-mediated food allergy, as well as terms commonly associated with IgE-mediated food allergy testing, in order to optimise patient diagnosis and management. Herein, we describe approaches to diagnosis of IgE-mediated food allergy, appropriate interpretation of results and risks of overtesting.

17.
Arch Dis Child ; 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38413197

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of a questionnaire-based decision-making algorithm to triage children with reported antibiotic allergies to proceed directly to an oral provocation challenge. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Children aged 2-16 years attending paediatric emergency department over 1 year (1 June 2018 till 31 May 2019) or identified from four primary care centres in Sheffield with a recorded antibiotic allergy and no previous testing. PARTICIPANTS: 313 children with 325 recorded antibiotic allergies. EXPOSURE: Clinical decision-making algorithm used to either exclude, directly delabel or stratify children to oral antibiotic challenge in outpatient department or primary care practice. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: To assess the safety of using the questionnaire-based algorithm for proceeding to a direct oral provocation challenge.The secondary outcomes were to look for associations and predictive factors in positive challenges and to assess parent/carer acceptability of the service by using Likert Scale. RESULTS: Successful contact was made with 200 children, of which 153 children could be evaluated based on inclusion criteria, engagement and availability of medical records.15 children were directly delabelled based on history and records. 138 children underwent challenges in outpatient and primary care. 6% of challenges were reactive with a mild, delayed reaction. Overall, a delabelling rate of 91% was achieved. There were no clear predictors for a positive challenge. CONCLUSION: Our questionnaire-based algorithm for stratifying children with antibiotic allergies to proceed directly to an oral outpatient or primary care challenge was found to be safe, feasible and acceptable.

18.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 39(5): 826-835, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38303116

RESUMO

The role of appendectomy in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC) is a recent topic of contention. Given that appendectomy remains one of the most commonly performed operations and a first-line management strategy of acute appendicitis, it is inherently crucial to elucidate the association between prior appendectomy and subsequent development of CRC, as there may be long-term health repercussions. In this review, we summarize the data behind the relationship of CRC in post-appendectomy patients, discuss the role of the microbiome in relation to appendectomy and CRC pathogenesis, and provide an appraisal of our current understanding of the function of the appendix. We seek to piece together the current landscape surrounding the microbiome and immunological changes in the colon post-appendectomy and suggest a direction for future research involving molecular, transcriptomic, and immunologic analysis to complement our current understanding of the alterations in gut microbiome.


Assuntos
Apendicectomia , Apêndice , Neoplasias Colorretais , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Neoplasias Colorretais/microbiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/etiologia , Apêndice/microbiologia , Apendicectomia/efeitos adversos , Apendicite/microbiologia , Apendicite/cirurgia , Colo/microbiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/microbiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38299390

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that genetic factors may be substantially linked to allergy disorders. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the relationship between the serum specific Immunoglobulin E [sIgE], blood eosinophil, and the polymorphisms of glycoprotein Ib alpha gene [GP1BA] rs6065, platelet endothelial aggregation receptor 1 gene [PEAR1] rs12041331, and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 gene [PAI-1] rs1799762. METHODS: From the Peking Union Medical College Hospital, this study enrolled 60 healthy participants and 283 participants with allergic diseases. TaqMan-minor groove binder [MGB] quantitative polymerase chain reaction [qPCR] was used to examine the gene polymorphisms in each group. RESULTS: The TaqMan-MGB qPCR results were completely consistent with the DNA sequencing results, according to other studies in this medical center [Kappa =1, p <0.001]. The GP1BA rs6065, PEAR1 rs12041331, and PAI-1 rs1799762 polymorphisms did not show different distribution between allergy patients and healthy individuals. Concerning allergy patients, the CT [n=33] genotype of GP1BA rs6065 had higher blood eosinophil level than the CC [n=250] genotype [0.59, IQR 0.32-0.72 vs 0.31, IQR 0.15-0.61, *109/L, p =0.005]. The serum sIgE of AA [n=46] genotype of PEAR1 rs12041331 was lower [median 3.7, interquartile quartiles [IQR] 0.2-16.8, kU/L] than the GA [n=136] and GG [n=101] genotypes [GA median 16.3, IQR 3.1-46.3, kU/L, p = 0.002; GG median 12.9, IQR 3.0-46.9, kU/L, p =0.003]. The GA genotypes of PEAR1 rs12041331were with higher blood eosinophil levels [median 0.42, IQR 0.17-0.74 *109/L] than the AA genotype [median 0.25, IQR 0.15-0.41*109/L, p =0.012]. The sIgE of the 5G5G [n=44] genotype of PAI-1 rs1799762 was lower [median 5.0, IQR 0.1-22.8, kU/L] than the 4G5G [n=144] [median 17.3, IQR 3.7-46.0, kU/L, p = 0.012]. CONCLUSION: The GP1BA rs6065, PEAR1 rs12041331, and PAI-1 rs1799762 polymorphisms may be associated with the genetic susceptibility of serum sIgE or blood eosinophil in Chinese allergic disease patients.

20.
Eur J Hosp Pharm ; 2024 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38238103

RESUMO

Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome is a rare but severe drug hypersensitivity reaction with potentially life-threatening consequences. It is characterised by fever, extensive maculopapular exanthema, lymph node enlargement, abnormal blood cell counts, and organ-related complications. Diagnosis can be challenging due to incomplete or non-specific symptoms, and it can sometimes manifest as a purely systemic disease. Discontinuation of the causative drug is essential. Treatment may involve corticosteroids and supportive care. Genetic screening for specific markers, such as human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-A*68, A11:01, and A29:02, can help identify individuals at risk for severe reactions to benznidazole, a drug used to treat Chagas disease. This case report describes the rarity and severity of DRESS syndrome, underscoring the potential benefit of genetic screening to prevent adverse reactions in patients with Chagas disease.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...