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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629945

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The present study was conducted to evaluate the reproducibility of Lekholm and Zarb classification system (L&Z) for bone quality assessment of edentulous alveolar ridges and to investigate the potential of a data-driven approach for bone quality classification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six expert clinicians were asked to classify 110 CBCT cross-sections according to L&Z classification (T0). The same evaluation was repeated after one month with the images put in a different order (T1). Intra- and inter-examiner agreement analyses were performed using Cohen's kappa coefficient (CK) and Fleiss' kappa coefficient (FK), respectively. Additionally, radiomic features extraction was performed from 3D edentulous ridge blocks derived from the same 110 CBCTs, and unsupervised clustering using 3 different clustering methods was used to identify patterns in the obtained data. RESULTS: Intra-examiner agreement between T0 and T1 was weak (CK 0.515). Inter-examiner agreement at both time points was minimal (FK at T0: 0.273; FK at T1: 0.243). The three different unsupervised clustering methods based on radiomic features aggregated the 110 CBCTs in three groups in the same way. CONCLUSIONS: The results showed low agreement among clinicians when using L&Z classification, indicating that the system may not be as reliable as previously thought. The present study suggests the possible application of a reproducible data-driven approach based on radiomics for the classification of edentulous alveolar ridges, with potential implications for improving clinical outcomes. Further research is needed to determine the clinical significance of these findings and to develop more standardized and accurate methods for assessing bone quality of edentulous alveolar ridges.

2.
J Clin Med ; 13(7)2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38610701

RESUMO

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of keratinized mucosa width (KMW) and mucosal thickness (MT) around dental implants on marginal bone loss (MBL). The evaluation was performed one year after loading by comparing clinical, radiographic, and biochemical parameters. Methods: The study included 87 implants in 87 patients undergoing regular follow-ups without hard or soft tissue augmentation one year after loading. Clinical measurements included plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), bleeding on probing (BoP), probing depth (PD), KMW, and MT. MBL was assessed with periapical radiography. The peri-implant crevicular fluid (PICF) was analyzed for tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), receptor activator of nuclear factor-kB ligand (RANKL), osteoprotegerin (OPG), and microRNA-27a. Results: The MBL of implants with thin MT (<2 mm) was higher than that of implants with thick MT (≥2 mm) (p < 0.05). A significant negative correlation (r: -0.217) was established between MT and MBL. No significant association was found between KMW and MBL (p > 0.05). No significant associations was found between KMW and MT with TNF-α, RANKL, OPG and RANKL/OPG (p > 0.05), with the exception of increased microRNA-27a levels in implants with KMW ≥ 2 mm (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Implants with a thick MT had a lower MBL. There may be an association between adequate KMW and high miRNA-27a levels. The relationship between MBL and miRNA-27a remains unclear.

3.
J Clin Med ; 13(7)2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38610826

RESUMO

Background: Fiber-reinforced composites (FRCs) have been proposed as an alternative to traditional metal alloys for the realization of frameworks in full-arch implant-supported prostheses. The aim of the present in vitro study was to evaluate the deflection under load of seven prostheses endowed with frameworks made of different materials, including different types of fiber-reinforced composites (FRCs). Methods: A master cast with four implant analogues in correspondence with the two lateral incisors and the two first molars was used to create full-arch fixed prostheses with the same shape and different materials. Prostheses were made of the following different materials (framework+veneering material): gold alloy+resin (Au+R), titanium+resin (Ti+R), FRC with multidirectional carbon fibers+resin (ICFRC+AR), FRC with unidirectional carbon fibers+composite (UCFRC+C), FRC with glass fibers+resin (GFRC+AR), FRC with glass fibers+composite (GFRC+C), and resin (R, fully acrylic prosthesis). Flexural tests were conducted using a Zwick/Roell Z 0.5 machine, and the deflection of the lower surface of the prosthesis was measured in order to obtain load/deflection graphs. Results: Greater rigidity and less deflection were recorded for UCFRC+C and GFRC+C, followed by Ti+R and Au+R. The greatest deformations were observed for resin alone, ICFRC+R, and GFRC+R. The results were slightly different in the incisal region, probably due to the greater amount of veneering material in this area. Conclusions: When used to realize full-arch frameworks, Au and Ti allow for predictable mechanical behavior with gradual deformations with increasing load. UCFRC also demonstrated good outcomes and less deflection than ICFRCs when loaded. The GFRC full-arch framework may be a valid alternative, although it showed greater deflections. Further studies are needed in order to evaluate how different prosthesis designs and material thicknesses might affect the outcomes.

4.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 154: 106537, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588632

RESUMO

The Advanced System for Implant Stability Testing (ASIST) is a device currently being developed to noninvasively measure implant stability by estimating the mechanical stiffness of the bone-implant interface, which is reported as the ASIST Stability Coefficient (ASC). This study's purpose was to determine whether changes in density, bonding, and drilling technique affect the measured vibration of a dental implant, and whether they can be quantified as a change in the estimated BII stiffness. Stability was also measured using RFA, insertion torque (IT) and the pullout test. Bone-level tapered implants (4.1 mm diameter, 10 mm length) were inserted in polyurethane foam as an artificial bone substitute. Samples were prepared using different bone densities (20, 30, 40 PCF), drilling sequences, and superglue to simulate a bonded implant. Measurements were compared across groups at a significance level of 0.05. The ASC was able to indicate changes in each factor as a change in the interfacial stiffness. IT and pullout force values also showed comparable increases. Furthermore, the relative difference in ISQ values between experimental groups was considerably smaller than the ASC. While future work should be done using biological bone and in-vivo systems, the results of this in-vitro study suggest that modelling of the implant system with a vibration-based approach may provide a noninvasive method of assessing the mechanical stability of the implant.

5.
Int J Implant Dent ; 10(1): 18, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625587

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Osteoporotic individuals who have dental implants usually require a prolonged healing time for osseointegration due to the shortage of bone mass and the lack of initial stability. Although studies have shown that intermittent teriparatide administration can promote osseointegration, there is little data to support the idea that pre-implantation administration is necessary and beneficial. METHODS: Sixty-four titanium implants were placed in the bilateral proximal tibial metaphysis in 32 female SD rats. Bilateral ovariectomy (OVX) was used to induce osteoporosis. Four major groups (n = 8) were created: PRE (OVX + pre-implantation teriparatide administration), POST (OVX + post-implantation administration), OP (OVX + normal saline (NS)) and SHAM (sham rats + NS). Half of rats (n = 4) in each group were euthanized respectively at 4 weeks or 8 weeks after implantation surgery, and four major groups were divided into eight subgroups (PRE4 to SHAM8). Tibiae were collected for micro-CT morphometry, biomechanical test and undecalcified sections analysis. RESULTS: Compared to OP group, rats in PRE and SHAM groups had a higher value of insertion torque (p < 0.05). The micro-CT analysis, biomechanical test, and histological data showed that peri-implant trabecular growth, implants fixation and bone-implant contact (BIC) were increased after 4 or 8 weeks of teriparatide treatment (p < 0.05). There was no statistically difference in those parameters between PRE4 and POST8 subgroups (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In osteoporotic rats, post-implantation administration of teriparatide enhanced peri-implant bone formation and this effect was stronger as the medicine was taken longer. Pre-implantation teriparatide treatment improved primary implant stability and accelerated the osseointegration process.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Teriparatida , Feminino , Animais , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Teriparatida/farmacologia , Teriparatida/uso terapêutico , Osseointegração , Implantação do Embrião , Solução Salina
6.
J Oral Implantol ; 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38634530

RESUMO

The ultimate goal in implantology is to restore the whole tooth-gingival complex in a fashion that cannot be distinguished from the rest of the natural dentition. This study assesses the volumetric and clinical changes of vestibular gingival soft tissues, crucial for satisfactory engraftment and aesthetic results, upon treatment with laser-aided pouch roll augmentation in second-stage surgery for dental implant uncovering. Twelve patients with mild ridge deficiencies in 16 edentulous sites, including distal elements, were enrolled and re-evaluated for up to 1 year. Digital impressions, taken with an intra- oral laser scanner and software, were analyzed before (day 0) and after (month 12) the treatment. The digital STL files were superimposed to assess volumetric and linear dimensional variations in selected peri-implant regions of interest (ROI) by 3D analysis software. Clinical periodontal parameters (probing depth PD, bleeding on probing BoP, plaque index PI) and subjective patient-reported outcomes were also evaluated. In all the patients, the applied technique induced a substantial increase in the volume of the vestibular peri-implant gingiva at 12-month follow-up (range 24-69%, mean 40,4%) in respect to day 0. The gingival mucosa appeared normal at both inspection and evaluation of the periodontal parameters (PD 2.7±1 mm; BoP 0.11±0.2 s; PI 0.19±0). Patients' liking of perceived pain/discomfort and aesthetic outcome was high. These findings indicate that laser-aided pouch roll flap is a safe, patient-liked procedure whose long-term effectiveness has been objectively demonstrated by volumetric and clinical assessment.

7.
J Pharm Bioallied Sci ; 16(Suppl 1): S60-S62, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595361

RESUMO

Natural products have received a lot of attention in a variety of medical sectors, including dentistry. Cissus, a flowering plant genus, has long been used for its therapeutic benefits. The purpose of this review is to thoroughly investigate the possibilities of Cissus extracts in dentistry. To that end, we used specific selection criteria for the selection of pertinent scientific articles published in the scientific information databases of PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar, Scopus, and ProQuest. We found that the diverse array of bioactive compounds found in varied species of Cissus holds promise for applications ranging from oral wound healing to periodontal health. This review summarizes known studies on antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and tissue-regenerative characteristics of Cissus extracts, shedding light on their potential significance in modernizing modern dental practices. It exerts that Cissus extracts have the potential to supplement established dentistry therapies by providing all-natural remedies for a variety of oral health conditions.

8.
J Pharm Bioallied Sci ; 16(Suppl 1): S886-S888, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595393

RESUMO

Background: Dental implant surgery has become a widely accepted method for replacing missing teeth. However, the success of dental implant procedures can be influenced by various factors, including the quality of preoperative planning and assessment. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging provides valuable insights into a patient's oral anatomy, but accurately predicting implant success remains a challenge. Materials and Methods: In this randomized controlled trial (RCT), a cohort of 150 patients requiring dental implants was randomly divided into two groups: an artificial intelligence (AI)-assisted group and a traditional assessment group. Preoperative CBCT images of all patients were acquired and processed. The AI-assisted group utilized a machine learning model trained on historical data to assess implant success probability based on CBCT images, while the traditional assessment group relied on conventional methods and clinician expertise. Key parameters such as bone density, bone quality, and anatomical features were considered in the AI model. Results: After the completion of the study, the AI-assisted group demonstrated a significantly higher implant success rate, with 92% of implants successfully integrating into the bone compared to 78% in the traditional assessment group. The AI model showed an accuracy of 87% in predicting implant success, whereas traditional assessment methods achieved an accuracy of 71%. Additionally, the AI-assisted group had a lower rate of complications and required fewer postoperative interventions compared to the traditional assessment group. Conclusion: The AI-assisted approach significantly improved implant success rates and reduced complications, underscoring the importance of incorporating AI into the dental implant planning process.

9.
J Pharm Bioallied Sci ; 16(Suppl 1): S564-S566, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595415

RESUMO

Background: Tooth extraction often results in bone loss in the alveolar ridge, which can complicate subsequent dental implant placement. Alveolar ridge preservation (ARP) techniques, such as bone grafting, aim to mitigate this bone loss. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been proposed as an adjunct to bone grafting in ARP to enhance bone regeneration. Materials and Methods: A total of 60 patients requiring tooth extraction and ARP were included in this randomized controlled trial. Patients were divided into two groups: Group A received bone grafting alone, while Group B received bone grafting with PRP. Clinical and radiographic assessments were performed at baseline and 6-month postsurgery. Bone density and height were measured using arbitrary values. Results: At the 6-month follow-up, Group B demonstrated a statistically significant increase in bone density (P < 0.05) and bone height (P < 0.05) compared to Group A. The arbitrary values for bone density in Group B increased by 15% and bone height increased by 10% compared to baseline measurements. Group A showed minimal improvement. Conclusion: The incorporation of PRP as an adjunct to bone grafting in ARP following tooth extraction significantly enhances bone density and height, suggesting its efficacy in preserving the alveolar ridge.

10.
J Pharm Bioallied Sci ; 16(Suppl 1): S792-S793, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595421

RESUMO

Objective: The current research was done to assess microbial seepage of two types of internal implant-abutment connections. Materials and Methods: Twenty dental implants are categorized into two groups. Group A fixtures with an internal hexagonal geometry and group B fixtures with a tri-lobe internal connection. All implant-abutment assemblies underwent a three-week incubation period at 37°C in sterile tubes containing 5 mL of Staphylococcus aureus broth culture. Through the use of Gram stain and biochemical processes, the resultant colonies were recognized. Results: The mean Log10 colony forming unit (CFU) in group A was 8.4 and in group B was 7.2. The variation between both groups was found to be considerable (P < 0.05). Microgap was more in group B compared to group A. Conclusion: Bacteria may infiltrate the small area between the implant and the abutment. Compared to dental implant fixtures with a tri-lobe internal connection, there was a noticeably higher Log10 CFU in dental implant fixtures with an internal hexagonal geometry.

11.
J Pharm Bioallied Sci ; 16(Suppl 1): S847-S849, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595515

RESUMO

Background: Dental implantology has witnessed substantial progress in recent years, driven by a growing emphasis on optimizing bone regeneration around dental implants. Nanoparticles have emerged as a potential tool for enhancing osseointegration and bone tissue regeneration. Materials and Methods: This human clinical trial enrolled 60 adult participants requiring dental implants. Patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups: a control group receiving conventional dental implants, and an experimental group receiving dental implants with nanoparticle-coated surfaces. Radiographic imaging, histological analysis of bone biopsies, and implant stability assessments were conducted at three and six months post-implantation. Results: Histological examination of bone biopsies revealed a statistically significant increase in new bone formation in the experimental group compared to the control group at both three and six months (P < 0.05). Radiographic assessment demonstrated a 25% higher bone density around nanoparticle-coated implants (P < 0.01) at the six-month mark. Implant stability quotient (ISQ) measurements indicated a 20% greater stability in the experimental group (P < 0.05) at the same time point. Conclusion: This human clinical trial provides strong evidence that the incorporation of nanoparticles on dental implant surfaces enhances bone regeneration and osseointegration in a human population.

12.
J Pharm Bioallied Sci ; 16(Suppl 1): S477-S479, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595584

RESUMO

This study addresses the durability and complications of zirconia dental implants through a prospective clinical investigation. Zirconia implants are increasingly utilized in dental implantation, and a comprehensive understanding of their long-term performance is essential. Background: Zirconia dental implants have gained attention due to their biocompatibility and aesthetics. However, research on their extended success and complication rates is limited. Materials and Methods: A prospective clinical study involved the placement of 30 zirconia dental implants in patients requiring tooth replacement. The implants were followed up for five years. Success was defined as the implant remaining stable and functional. Complications, including peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis, were monitored. Statistical analysis included descriptive statistics, Chi-square test, and P-values were set at P < 0.05. Results: The long-term success rate of zirconia dental implants was found to be 93.3%. Among the 30 implants, only 2 exhibited failure. The most common complication was peri-implant mucositis, occurring in 16.7% of implants. Notably, the incidence of peri-implantitis was limited, observed in 6.7% of implants. Statistical analysis showed significant associations between implant failure and smoking (P = 0.021). Conclusion: Zirconia dental implants demonstrated a high long-term success rate of 93.3% over five years. Peri-implant mucositis was the predominant complication, with a relatively low occurrence of peri-implantitis. The findings underscore the potential of zirconia implants for reliable dental implantation. Addressing modifiable risk factors, such as smoking, could further enhance implant success. Continued research is recommended to validate and expand upon these outcomes.

13.
J Pharm Bioallied Sci ; 16(Suppl 1): S192-S195, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595601

RESUMO

Objective: Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of water flossing to traditional flossing in lowering the bleeding on probing (BOP) index around dental implants. Methods and Materials: This single-center, examiner-masked research enrolled patients with implants and randomly allocated them to one of two groups. The research analyzed the effectiveness of manual toothbrushes when used with either string floss or a water flosser. Results: After 30 days, the main result was a decrease in BOP occurrence. At the outset, neither group had noticeably higher rates of bleeding than the other. While only six of 20 implants in the floss group demonstrated a decrease in BOP after 30 days, 18 of 20 implants in the water flosser group did. Conclusions: These results demonstrate that the use of water flossers was associated with much less bleeding than that of string floss. The researchers think that water flossing might be a useful addition to the maintenance of dental implants.

14.
J Pharm Bioallied Sci ; 16(Suppl 1): S446-S448, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595602

RESUMO

Background: This randomized controlled trial aimed to compare the aesthetic outcome and patient perception of immediate versus DL of implant-supported single crowns. Methods: A total of 60 patients with a single missing tooth were enrolled and randomly assigned to two groups: immediate loading (IL) and delayed loading (DL). Each group consisted of 30 patients with a total of 30 implants. In the IL group, crowns were loaded onto implants immediately after placement, while in the DL group, a healing period of 3 months was observed before crown placement. Aesthetic outcome was assessed using the Pink Esthetic Score (PES) for soft tissue and the White Esthetic Score (WES) for the crown. Patient perception was evaluated through a visual analog scale (VAS) for satisfaction, comfort, and overall experience. Results: The IL group demonstrated comparable aesthetic outcomes to the DL group, with mean PES and WES scores of 10.2 ± 1.5 and 8.7 ± 1.2, respectively, in the IL group, and 10.5 ± 1.3 and 8.5 ± 1.4 in the DL group. Patient perception in terms of satisfaction, comfort, and overall experience was similarly high in both groups, with VAS scores above 8 for each parameter. Conclusion: This randomized controlled trial suggests that both IL and DL of implant-supported single crowns result in favorable aesthetic outcomes and high levels of patient satisfaction.

15.
J Periodontal Res ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594821

RESUMO

This image article presents a single patient receiving a reconstructed fibular bony peak (BP) for guided bone regeneration (GBR) with a customized titanium mesh. The patient was informed and understood the objectives and signed a written informed consent document before surgery.

16.
J Prosthodont ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594924

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Bioceramic coatings have been shown to promote bone repair, which aids in the early integration of implants. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of air abrasion with a bioceramic abrasive on the surface characteristics of different implant materials and surfaces. The dissolution of the applied treatment from the surfaces over 3 weeks was also assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Discs of three alloys used for dental implants were studied and compared: two types of commercially pure titanium (CpTi)/ (CpTi SLActive) and titanium-zirconia (TiZr). The tested surfaces were: CpTi control (CpC), sandblasted (SB), sandblasted and acid-etched (SBE), and CpTi SLActive®, (TiZr) Roxolid®. Three discs from each group underwent air abrasion with apatite bioceramic powders, 95% hydroxyapatite (HA)/5% calcium oxide (CaO), and 90% hydroxyapatite (HA)/10% calcium oxide (CaO). The treated discs were surface characterized by optical profilometry to obtain surface roughness, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) to compare element weight percentages of titanium, calcium, and phosphate. Dissolution was assessed using inductively coupled plasma optic emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). RESULTS: Bioceramic powders were deposited on all tested surfaces leading to changes in surface characteristics. The only statistically significant differences between the material groups for surface roughness were found with 95% HA/5% CaO powder in the Sp and Rp parameters (p = 0.03 and 0.04, respectively). There were no significant differences in the Ca and P wt% between all groups and powders 95% HA/5% CaO and 90% HA/10% CaO (p = 0.14, 0.18, and p = 0.15, 0.12, respectively). A non-uniform dispersion of the treatment on the surface layer was visible on all treated surfaces. The bioceramic powder continued to dissolute from the tested surfaces for 3 weeks. CONCLUSION: Bioceramic abrasion modifies implant surface characteristics, although the change in surface characteristics resulting from such treatment was not influenced by the implant material or surface treatment. Air abrasion with hydroxyapatite and calcium oxide bioceramics leaves powder deposits on the treated implant surfaces that could potentially influence the healing of implants affected by peri-implantitis.

17.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591169

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate clinical, clinician- and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) of two adjacent single posterior implants immediately loaded with definitive single crowns up to 1 year. Ten patients in need of two adjacent posterior single implants were included. All implants were placed applying a fully digital workflow. Definitive screw-retained single zirconia crowns were delivered within 72 h after implant placement. Clinical parameters, patient- and clinician-reported outcomes were assessed up to 1 year of follow-up. CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS: Clinical outcomes remained stable, with no implant failures or technical and biological complications throughout the observation period. Patient satisfaction was very high at baseline (crown delivery) and remained consistently high at 6 and 12 months of follow-up. Crown insertion 3 days after implant placement was rated as an easy procedure by clinicians. CONCLUSIONS: Two adjacent single implants with immediate definitive restorations (<72 h) in the posterior region appear to be a viable and easy treatment option to shorten the overall treatment time and potentially enhancing patient satisfaction. However, randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm the advantages of this treatment protocol over a delayed loading approach. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: In selected cases, immediate implant loading with definitive restorations in the posterior region appears a valuable and straightforward option to shorten the overall treatment time.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591734

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this narrative review was to explore the application of digital technologies (DT) for the simplification and improvement of bone augmentation procedures in advanced implant dentistry. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A search on electronic databases was performed to identify systematic reviews, meta-analyses, randomized and non-randomized controlled trials, prospective/retrospective case series, and case reports related to the application of DT in advanced implant dentistry. RESULTS: Seventy-nine articles were included. Potential fields of application of DT are the following: 1) the use of intra-oral scanners for the definition of soft tissue profile and the residual dentition; 2) the use of dental lab CAD (computer-aided design) software to create a digital wax-up replicating the ideal ridge and tooth morphology; 3) the matching of STL (Standard Triangulation Language) files with DICOM (DIgital COmmunication in Medicine) files from CBCTs with a dedicated software; 4) the production of stereolithographic 3D models reproducing the jaws and the bone defects; 5) the creation of surgical templates to guide implant placement and augmentation procedures; 6) the production of customized meshes for bone regeneration; and 7) the use of static or dynamic computer-aided implant placement. CONCLUSIONS: Results from this narrative review seem to demonstrate that the use of a partially or fully digital workflow can be successfully used also in advanced implant dentistry. However, the number of studies (in particular RCTs) focused on the use of a fully digital workflow in advanced implant dentistry is still limited and more studies are needed to properly evaluate the potentials of DT.

19.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591966

RESUMO

To develop a peri-implantitis model in a Gottingen minipig and evaluate the effect of local application of salicylic acid poly(anhydride-ester) (SAPAE) on peri-implantitis progression in healthy, metabolic syndrome (MS), and type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) subjects. Eighteen animals were allocated to three groups: (i) control, (ii) MS (diet for obesity induction), and (iii) T2DM (diet plus streptozotocin for T2DM induction). Maxillary and mandible premolars and first molar were extracted. After 3 months of healing, four implants per side were placed in both jaws of each animal. After 2 months, peri-implantitis was induced by plaque formation using silk ligatures. SAPAE polymer was mixed with mineral oil (3.75 mg/µL) and topically applied biweekly for up to 60 days to halt peri-implantitis progression. Periodontal probing was used to assess pocket depth over time, followed by histomorphologic analysis of harvested samples. The adopted protocol resulted in the onset of peri-implantitis, with healthy minipigs taking twice as long to reach the same level of probing depth relative to MS and T2DM subjects (∼3.0 mm), irrespective of jaw. In a qualitative analysis, SAPAE therapy revealed decreased levels of inflammation in the normoglycemic, MS, and T2DM groups. SAPAE application around implants significantly reduced the progression of peri-implantitis after ∼15 days of therapy, with ∼30% lower probing depth for all systemic conditions and similar rates of probing depth increase per week between the control and SAPAE groups. MS and T2DM conditions presented a faster progression of the peri-implant pocket depth. SAPAE treatment reduced peri-implantitis progression in healthy, MS, and T2DM groups.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587183

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is (1) to compare the accuracy of an open-sleeved static computer-assisted implant system (sCAIS) with a closed-sleeve sCAIS and free-hand approach in immediate implant placement (IIP) of maxillary molar sites and (2) to investigate the influence of socket morphology on these approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety partially edentulous duplicated maxillary models simulating three different molar sockets (type A, B, and C based on Smith and Tarnow's classification) were investigated. Three modalities, including sCAIS with open-sleeves, sCAIS with closed-sleeves, and free-hand approach, were applied separately to 30 models with 120 sockets. A customized Python script automatically measured the deviations between the virtual and actual implant positions for all 360 implants. RESULTS: The 3D deviations of sCAIS were significantly influenced by the socket and sleeve types. Both guided groups exhibited significantly less deviation than the free-hand approach. Type A and C sockets resulted in better implant positions than type B socket sites. In type B sockets, the open-sleeve group achieved significantly less deviation compared to the closed-sleeve group, with respect to apical global (1.34 ± 0.53 vs. 1.84 ± 0.59 mm), coronal horizontal (0.68 ± 0.36 vs. 0.93 ± 0.34 mm), apical horizontal (1.21 ± 0.59 vs. 1.74 ± 0.63 mm), and angular (3.30 ± 1.41 vs. 4.41 ± 1.96°) deviations. CONCLUSIONS: Guided implant surgery significantly reduces deviations during molar IIP compared to free-hand procedures. Furthermore, the use of open-sleeve sCAIS appears to be more effective in minimizing deviations in type B sockets when compared with the closed-sleeve guided system.

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