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Gastroenterol Hepatol ; : 502231, 2024 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39029788


BACKGROUND: Different diets have emerged as potential therapeutic options for patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of improvement after a low-FODMAP, low-starch and low- sucrose diet among patients with IBS. METHODS: We performed a descriptive cross-sectional study including patients with IBS according to Rome IV criteria undertaking a social-media based program with a two-week dietary intervention. Patients completed an online survey before and after the intervention including the presence of intestinal and extra-intestinal symptoms, the IBS-SSS (irritable bowel syndrome symptoms severity scale) and the PHQ-9 (patient health questionnaire-9). Clinical improvement was defined as a decrease of at least 50% in IBS-SSS post dietary intervention. Variables associated with symptomatic response were identified with logistic regression analysis. A clinical score to predict response was created and tested with a with a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. RESULTS: A total of 3,583 patients with IBS were included. Mean IBS-SSS before and after dietary intervention was 295.5 ± 52.32 and 240 ± 48.66, respectively (p=0.01); 1,178 (32.8%) patients showed clinical improvement. A mean basal IBS-SSS > 400 (OR 3.04), chronic headache (OR 1.96), and chronic fatigue (OR 1.81) were significantly associated with symptomatic response. Patients with arthralgia (OR 0.41) and/or fibromyalgia (OR 0.33) were less likely to improve. Each variable received the following individuals scores: IBS-SSS > 400: +2, chronic headache: +1.5, chronic fatigue: +1, arthralgia: -1, and fibromyalgia: -1. The ROC curve analysis of the proposed score showed an area under the curve of 0.72 (95%CI 0.69-0.76). A score ≥ 3 had a sensitivity of 72.64% and specificity of 60.56% for predicting symptomatic improvement. CONCLUSIONS: There are clinical variables that could serve as reliable predictors of response to a low-FODMAP, low-sucrose, low-starch diet among patients with IBS. Further research is needed to understand the link between the presence of extra-intestinal symptoms and clinical improvement after dietary interventions for IBS.

Reumatol Clin (Engl Ed) ; 20(6): 305-311, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38991824


INTRODUCTION: Many patients diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) report relief of symptoms after consuming certain foods. Diet plays a vital role in rheumatoid arthritis-related inflammation regulation. This study investigates the relationship between dietary inflammation index (DII) scores and RA disease activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-one RA patients were enrolled in the study. The general inflammatory index of the diet was analyzed by recording the 24-h food consumption of the patients, and the nutrients were analyzed using the Nutrition Information Systems Package Program. Dietary inflammatory indices were calculated for each patient using the patients' macro and micronutrient intake levels. RA disease activity was assessed using the Disease Activity Score-28 (DAS-28). RESULTS: The DAS-28 score was lower in the anti-inflammatory diet group compared to the pro-inflammatory diet group (p=0.163). A weak but significant relationship was found between diet inflammation index score and DAS-28 (r=0.3468, p=0.0263). The effect of the dietary inflammatory index on the DAS-28 was 12.02%. Dietary iron, vitamin C, niacin, and magnesium intakes were statistically significantly higher in the quartile group that received an anti-inflammatory diet than in the quartile group that received a pro-inflammatory diet. The intake of some micronutrients, such as iron, zinc, magnesium, and folic acid, was significantly lower than the recommended values in all RA quartile groups. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that reducing inflammation through the diet may have a weak but significant effect in controlling disease activity in RA patients.

Artrite Reumatoide , Dieta , Inflamação , Humanos , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inflamação/etiologia , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39013682


INTRODUCTION: Adherence to the Mediterranean diet (Dietmed) exerts protective effects on cardiovascular disease (CVD). In the Lower Extremity Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) there are fewer studies that analyze these data. OBJECTIVE: To determine adherence to Dietmed and dietary habits in patients with PAD, according to a history of CVD (coronary and/or cerebral ischaemic pathology) and according to the ankle-brachial index (ABI ≥ or <0,5). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional analytical study carried out in a tertiary hospital. The sample was collected consecutively. Sociodemographic and clinical history, ankle-brachial index (ABI) and a 14-point Dietmed adherence dietary questionnaire were included. The analysis of categorical variables was carried out using the Pearson's Chi-Square test, the T-Student's statistic test for independent samples was used for parametric variables and the U. Mann-Whitney test for non-parametric variables. RESULTS: Of the 97 patients, 87,6% had low adherence to Dietmed, with no differences according to the severity of PAD. However, when we analysed the data according to whether or not they had a history of CVD, we observed a high adherence to some items included in Dietmed, specifically, in the CVD group, the consumption of lean meat (95,5% vs 64%; P=.004). In addition, we observed a significant difference in the consumption in the group without a history of CVD (32% vs 9,1%; P=.033). CONCLUSION: In our population, patients with PAD, regardless of the stage of the disease and whether they had associated coronary or cerebral ischaemic pathology, had low adherence to Dietmed. Therefore, it is important to implement nutritional education programmes in patients with PAD in all stages, as well as in those patients who have already suffered a vascular event, so that they maintain adherence to healthy dietary habits in the long term.

Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 45(1): 199-210, jan./jun. 2024. tab; ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554831


Objetivo: investigar a percepção do peso corporal e as dificuldades encontradas pelas pessoas com deficiência visual na aquisição, na preparação e no consumo dos alimentos. Metodologia: estudo observacional transversal, com adultos e idosos com deficiência visual em Pelotas/RS, realizado no período de abril a maio de 2023. Foi utilizado um questionário composto de 42 itens. Os dados coletados foram analisados por análise descritiva e analítica, e apresentados como média ± desvio padrão ou percentual. Resultados: a amostra contou com 20 pessoas, predominantemente do sexo feminino e idosas. Em relação ao consumo alimentar, 50% dos participantes consomem feijão, 75% frutas e hortaliças, 50% bebidas adoçadas, biscoitos recheados e doces. Referente à percepção do peso corporal, percebeu-se que a maior parte do grupo sente que está acima do peso adequado e se sentem "insatisfeitos(as)". Sobre as dificuldades encontradas, 85% dos participantes relataram dificuldade extrema para identificar a validade dos alimentos, 70% para comprar alimentos frescos e perecíveis e 40% para usar a faca para cortar e descascar os alimentos. Conclusão: verificou-se que a maior parte do grupo sente que está acima do peso adequado e estão "insatisfeitos(as)" em relação ao peso corporal. Além disso, dependem de outra pessoa para escolher os alimentos a serem comprados, saber o prazo de validade, preparar alimentos que precisam ser porcionados, servir refeições no prato, cortar carnes, descascar vegetais e frutas, utilizar faca, entre outros. Esta dependência pode influenciar diretamente no seu consumo alimentar quando essas pessoas se encontram sozinhas, optando por consumir alimentos industrializados de fácil preparo ou prontos.

Objective: to investigate the perception of body weight and the difficulties encountered by people with visual impairments in acquiring, preparing and consuming food. Methodology: cross-sectional observational study, with adults and elderly people with visual impairment in Pelotas/RS, carried out from April to May 2023. A questionnaire composed of 42 items was used. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive and analytical analysis, and presented as mean ± standard deviation or percentage. Results: the sample included 20 people, predominantly female and elderly. Regarding food consumption, 50% of participants consume beans, 75% fruits and vegetables, 50% sweetened drinks, stuffed cookies and sweets. Regarding the perception of body weight, it was noticed that the majority of the group feels that they are overweight and feel "dissatisfied". Regarding the difficulties encountered, 85% of participants reported extreme difficulty in identifying the expiration date of food, 70% in purchasing fresh and perishable foods and 40% in using a knife to cut and peel food. Conclusion: it was found that the majority of the group feels that they are overweight and are "dissatisfied" with their body weight. Furthermore, they depend on someone else to choose the food to be purchased, know the expiration date, prepare food that needs to be portioned, serve meals on the plate, cut meat, peel vegetables and fruits, use a knife, among others. This dependence can directly influence their food consumption when these people are alone, choosing to consume easily prepared or ready-made processed foods.

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino
An Pediatr (Engl Ed) ; 101(1): 36-45, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38906802


In this article we present a protocol for the use of the low-FODMAP diet in paediatric patients and review of the current evidence on its efficacy. These short-chain carbohydrates, which can be fermented by the intestinal microbiota, are found in a wide variety of foods, mainly of plant origin. The low-FODMAP diet is a therapeutic tool used for the management of gastrointestinal disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome. The sources we used were PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar and institutional websites. Following consumption of FODMAP-rich foods, a series of end products are generated that are not absorbed, giving rise to symptoms. Before starting a low-FODMAP diet, it is important to carry out a diagnostic evaluation including any applicable tests. Treatment is structured in 3 phases: elimination, reintroduction and personalization phase. In the first phase, FODMAP-rich foods are eliminated for 2-3 weeks. In the second phase, lasting 8 weeks, FODMAP-rich foods are gradually reintroduced. The last phase consists in customizing the diet according to individual tolerance. This article details which foods contain FODMAPs and possible substitutes. In addition, specific food diary/intake tracking and educational materials are provided in a series of appendices to facilitate adherence to the diet. Although most studies have been conducted in adults, there is also some evidence on the beneficial effects in the paediatric age group, with a reduction of symptoms, especially in patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders. Nevertheless, more research is required on the subject.

Gastroenteropatias , Humanos , Criança , Gastroenteropatias/dietoterapia , Gastroenteropatias/diagnóstico , Gastroenteropatias/terapia , Dieta com Restrição de Carboidratos/métodos , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/dietoterapia , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/diagnóstico , Carboidratos da Dieta/administração & dosagem , Dieta FODMAP
J. bras. nefrol ; 46(2): e20230043, Apr.-June 2024. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550487


Abstract Introduction: Glyphosate is the most widely used herbicide worldwide and in Brazil. There is currently increasing concern about the effects of glyphosate on human health. The Brazilian Institute for Consumer Protection showed data on the presence of glyphosate in some of Brazil's most consumed ultra-processed products. Currently, regulations on the upper limit for these residues in ultra-processed foods have yet to be established by the National Health Surveillance, and ultra-processed food consumption is independently associated with an increased risk of incident chronic kidney disease. Methods: Since an unbalanced diet can interfere with kidney function, this study aims to investigate the effect of daily intake of 5 mg/kg bw glyphosate in conjunction with a balanced diet and the possible impact on renal function in rats. Kidney function, kidney weight, markers of renal injury, and oxidative stress were evaluated. Results: There was a decrease in kidney weight. The main histopathological alterations in renal tissues were vacuolation in the initial stage and upregulation of the kidney injury marker KIM-1. Renal injury is associated with increased production of reactive oxygen species in mitochondria. Conclusion: This study showed changes in the kidney of rats exposed to a balanced diet with glyphosate, suggesting a potential risk to human kidney. Presumably, ultra-processed food that contain glyphosate can potentiate this risk. The relevance of these results lies in drawing attention to the need to regulate glyphosate concentration in ultra-processed foods in the future.

RESUMO Introdução: O glifosato é o herbicida mais utilizado no mundo e no Brasil. Atualmente, há uma preocupação crescente com os efeitos do glifosato na saúde humana. O Instituto Brasileiro de Defesa do Consumidor apresentou dados sobre a presença de glifosato em alguns dos produtos ultraprocessados mais consumidos no Brasil. Atualmente, as regulamentações sobre o limite máximo desses resíduos em alimentos ultraprocessados ainda não foram estabelecidas pela Vigilância Sanitária Nacional, e o consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados está indepen­dentemente associado a um risco maior de doença renal crônica incidente. Métodos: Como uma dieta desbalanceada pode interferir na função renal, este estudo tem como objetivo investigar o efeito da ingestão diária de 5 mg/kg pc de glifosato em conjunto com uma dieta equilibrada e o possível impacto na função renal em ratos. Foram avaliados função renal, peso dos rins, marcadores de lesão renal e estresse oxidativo. Resultados: Houve redução no peso dos rins. As principais alterações histopatológicas nos tecidos renais foram vacuolização no estágio inicial e regulação positiva do marcador de lesão renal KIM-1. A lesão renal está associada à produção aumentada de espécies reativas de oxigênio nas mitocôndrias. Conclusão: Esse estudo mostrou alterações nos rins de ratos expostos a uma dieta balanceada com glifosato, sugerindo um risco potencial ao rim humano. Presumivelmente, alimentos ultraprocessados que contenham glifosato podem potencializar esse risco. A relevância desses resultados está no fato de chamar a atenção para a necessidade de regulamentar a concentração de glifosato em alimentos ultraprocessados no futuro.

Nutr Hosp ; 41(3): 666-676, 2024 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38726608


Introduction: The effectiveness of an elemental diet (ED) for preventing adverse events (AEs) during chemotherapy for patients with esophageal cancer (EC) remains unclear. The aim of this meta-analysis was to comprehensively assess the efficacy of ED for preventing AE in EC patients during chemotherapy. Medline (via PubMed), Embase, the Cochrane Library, and Web of Science were searched to retrieve prospective and randomized studies published before April 12, 2023. The odds ratio (OR) of each AE was calculated using Review Manger 5.4.1. The risk of bias was assessed, and a random effect model-based meta-analysis was used to analyze the available data. Four prospective and randomized studies involving 237 patients were identified after a systematic search. Regarding gastrointestinal toxicities, the findings indicated a trend toward a decrease in the risk of mucositis (OM) (OR = 0.54, 95 % CI: 0.25-1.14), constipation (OR = 0.87, 95 % CI: 0.49-1.53), and anorexia (OR = 0.99, 95 % CI: 0.32-3.05), as well as an increasing trend in the risk of diarrhea (OR = 1.48, 95 % CI: 0.79-2.79), among patients treated with ED. However, none of these reached statistical significance. For hematological toxicities, the risk of all-grade neutropenia (OR = 0.28, 95 % CI: 0.14-0.57), grade ≥ 2 leucopenia (OR = 0.43, 95 % CI: 0.22-0.84), grade ≥ 2 neutropenia (OR = 0.34, 95 % CI: 0.17-0.67), and grade ≥ 3 neutropenia (OR = 0.28, 95 % CI: 0.12-0.63) was significantly decreased. There is no firm evidence confirming the preventive effect of an ED against OM or diarrhea. However, an ED may potentially be helpful in preventing neutropenia and leucopenia.

Introducción: La efectividad de una dieta elemental (DE) para prevenir eventos adversos (EA) durante la quimioterapia en pacientes con cáncer de esófago (CE) sigue sin estar clara. Este metaanálisis evalúa la eficacia de DE para prevenir EA en pacientes con CE durante quimioterapia. Se realizaron búsquedas en Medline (con PubMed), Embase, Biblioteca Cochrane y Web of Science para recuperar estudios prospectivos y aleatorios publicados antes del 12/04/2023. La razón de probabilidad (RP) de cada EA se calculó usando Review Manger 5.4.1. Se evaluó el riesgo de sesgo y se utilizó un metaanálisis basado en modelo de efectos aleatorios para analizar los datos disponibles. Después de una búsqueda sistemática, se identificaron cuatro estudios prospectivos y aleatorios con 237 pacientes. En cuanto a las toxicidades gastrointestinales, los hallazgos indicaron una tendencia hacia una disminución en el riesgo de mucositis (OM) (OR = 0,54, IC 95 %: 0,25-1,14), estreñimiento (OR = 0,87, IC 95 %: 0,49-1,53) y anorexia (OR = 0,99, IC 95 %: 0,32-3,05) y una tendencia creciente en el riesgo de diarrea (OR = 1,48, IC 95 %: 0,79-2,79) entre los pacientes tratados con DE. Sin embargo, no hubo muestras estadísticas significativas. Para toxicidades hematológicas, el riesgo de neutropenia de todos los grados (RP = 0,28; IC del 95 %: 0,14-0,57), leucopenia grado ≥ 2 (RP = 0,43; IC del 95 %: 0,22-0,84), neutropenia grado ≥ 2 (RP = 0,34; IC del 95 %: 0,17-0,67) y neutropenia grado ≥ 3 (RP = 0,28; IC del 95 %: 0,12-0,63) disminuyó significativamente. Ninguna evidencia firme confirmó el efecto preventivo de DE frente a OM o la diarrea. Una DE sería útil previniendo neutropenia y leucopenia.

Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Alimentos Formulados , Humanos , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
Reumatol Clin (Engl Ed) ; 20(5): 281-285, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38821739


Scurvy is a nutritional disease caused by ascorbic acid (vitamin C) deficiency. Althought currently it is a rare disease, we should considerer it in the differential diagnosis of purpura and arthritis in patients with restrictive diets. We present the case of a 49-year-old man with a history of a nutritional disorder presented to our hospital with generalized purpura and hemarthros. Following the anamnesis and laboratory findings, rheumatological, infectious and hematological etiologies were excluded. Finally, the diagnosis of scurvy was made upon demostration poor levels of vitamin C and a spectacular response to nutritional supplements. We compare this case with 19 similar cases reported in the medical literature.

Escorbuto , Escorbuto/diagnóstico , Escorbuto/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Vasculite/etiologia , Vasculite/diagnóstico , Ácido Ascórbico/uso terapêutico
Rev. chil. nutr ; 51(2)abr. 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559711


Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by the production of autoantibodies directed against endogenous antigens causing various clinical manifestations, chronic inflammation and tissue damage. Although the pathophysiology of SLE remains unknown, it is recognized that genetic, epigenetic, environmental and neuroendocrine factors are involved in the development of the disease and its complications. A notable proportion of patients with SLE also present obesity, and this dysmetabolic profile can cause renal, musculoskeletal and/or respiratory deterioration, fatigue, various pathophysiological alterations and functional deterioration. In this context, precision nutrition emerges as a promising tool in the inflammatory control of SLE, especially in patients with associated obesity. Various studies demonstrate the beneficial influence of balanced dietary patterns in macronutrients with foods rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and polyphenols on the inflammatory control of SLE and the most diverse pathologies, highlighting the Mediterranean diet and plant-based diets. Finally, the intestinal microbiota may play a relevant role in this clinical scenario, since dysbiosis is associated with inflammatory processes and immune deregulation. It is believed that precision nutrition can modulate inflammatory profiles and immune dysfunctions to ensure better quality of life and metabolic well-being of SLE patients with the support of precision omics technologies.

El lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) es una enfermedad autoinmune caracterizada por la producción de autoanticuerpos dirigidos contra antígenos endógenos causando diversas manifestaciones clínicas, inflamación crónica y daño tisular. Aunque la fisiopatología del LES sigue siendo desconocida, se reconoce que factores genéticos, epigenéticos, ambientales y neuroendocrinos están implicados en el desarrollo de la enfermedad y sus complicaciones. Una proporción notable de pacientes con LES presenta también obesidad, y este perfil dismetabólico puede producir deterioro renal, musculoesquelético y/o respiratorio, fatiga, diversas alteraciones fisiopatológicas y deterioro funcional. En este contexto, la nutrición de precisión emerge como una herramienta prometedora en el control inflamatorio del LES, especialmente en pacientes con obesidad asociada. Diversos estudios demuestran la influencia beneficiosa de patrones dietéticos equilibrados en macronutrientes con alimentos ricos en fibra, vitaminas, minerales, antioxidantes y polifenoles en el control inflamatorio del LES y de las más diversas patologías, destacando la dieta Mediterránea y las dietas basadas en plantas/vegetales. Por último, la microbiota intestinal puede tener un papel relevante en este escenario clínico, ya que la disbiosis se asocia con procesos inflamatorios y desregulación inmune. Se cree que con la nutrición de precisión se pueden modular los perfiles inflamatorios y las disfunciones inmunitarias para garantizar una mejor calidad de vida y el bienestar metabólico de los pacientes con LES con el apoyo de las tecnologías de precisión ómicas.

Arq. bras. cardiol ; 121(4): e20230490, abr.2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557034


Resumo Fundamento A obesidade está associada ao desenvolvimento de doenças cardiovasculares e constitui um grave problema de saúde pública. Em modelos animais, a alimentação com uma dieta hiperlipídica (DH) compromete a estrutura e a função cardíaca e promove estresse oxidativo e apoptose. O treinamento resistido (TR), entretanto, tem sido recomendado como coadjuvante no tratamento de doenças cardiometabólicas, incluindo a obesidade, porque aumenta o gasto energético e estimula a lipólise. Objetivo Na presente revisão sistemática, nosso objetivo foi avaliar os benefícios do TR no coração de ratos e camundongos alimentados com DH. Métodos Foram identificados estudos originais por meio de busca nas bases de dados PubMed, Scopus e Embase de dezembro de 2007 a dezembro de 2022. O presente estudo foi conduzido de acordo com os critérios estabelecidos pelo PRISMA e registrado no PROSPERO (CRD42022369217). O risco de viés e a qualidade metodológica foram avaliados pelo SYRCLE e CAMARADES, respectivamente. Os estudos elegíveis incluíram artigos originais publicados em inglês que avaliaram desfechos cardíacos em roedores submetidos a mais de 4 semanas de TR e controlados por um grupo controle sedentário alimentado com DH (n = 5). Resultados Os resultados mostraram que o TR atenua o estresse oxidativo cardíaco, a inflamação e o estresse do retículo endoplasmático. Também modifica a atividade de marcadores de remodelamento estrutural, apesar de não alterar parâmetros biométricos, parâmetros histomorfométricos ou a função contrátil dos cardiomiócitos. Conclusão Nossos resultados indicam que o TR parcialmente neutraliza o remodelamento cardíaco adverso induzido pela DH, aumentando a atividade dos marcadores de remodelamento estrutural; elevando a biogênese mitocondrial; reduzindo o estresse oxidativo, marcadores inflamatórios e estresse do retículo endoplasmático; e melhorando os parâmetros hemodinâmicos, antropométricos e metabólicos.

Abstract Background Obesity is associated with the development of cardiovascular diseases and is a serious public health problem. In animal models, high-fat diet (HFD) feeding impairs cardiac structure and function and promotes oxidative stress and apoptosis. Resistance exercise training (RT), however, has been recommended as coadjutant in the treatment of cardiometabolic diseases, including obesity, because it increases energy expenditure and stimulates lipolysis. Objective In this systematic review, we aimed to assess the benefits of RT on the heart of rats and mice fed HFD. Methods Original studies were identified by searching PubMed, Scopus, and Embase databases from December 2007 to December 2022. This study was conducted in accordance with the criteria established by PRISMA and registered in PROSPERO (CRD42022369217). The risk of bias and methodological quality was evaluated by SYRCLE and CAMARADES, respectively. Eligible studies included original articles published in English that evaluated cardiac outcomes in rodents submitted to over 4 weeks of RT and controlled by a sedentary, HFD-fed control group (n = 5). Results The results showed that RT mitigates cardiac oxidative stress, inflammation, and endoplasmic reticulum stress. It also modifies the activity of structural remodeling markers, although it does not alter biometric parameters, histomorphometric parameters, or the contractile function of cardiomyocytes. Conclusion Our results indicate that RT partially counteracts the HFD-induced adverse cardiac remodeling by increasing the activity of structural remodeling markers; elevating mitochondrial biogenesis; reducing oxidative stress, inflammatory markers, and endoplasmic reticulum stress; and improving hemodynamic, anthropometric, and metabolic parameters.

Nutr. hosp ; 41(2): 346-356, Mar-Abr. 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-232650


Introducción: esta investigación buscó identificar perfiles de padres y madres según sus prácticas parentales de alimentación (PPA) (monitoreo, restricción, modelo y control infantil) y determinar si los perfiles difieren según su satisfacción con la alimentación (SWFoL), interfaz trabajo-familia, calidad de la dieta de padres y madres e hijos/as adolescentes, tipo de trabajo y características sociodemográficas (nivel socioeconómico, género y edad). Método: la muestra fue de 430 familias biparentales con doble ingreso e hijos/as adolescentes de Santiago, Chile. Se utilizaron el Cuestionario Comprensivo de Prácticas Parentales de Alimentación, la Escala de Satisfacción con la Alimentación (SWFoL), el Índice de Alimentación Saludable Adaptado (IAS) y la Escala de Interfaz trabajo-familia (conflicto trabajo y familia y enriquecimiento trabajo y familia). Resultados: el análisis de perfiles latentes mostró cinco perfiles de padres y madres: a) madres y padres con alto control y restricción (32,1 %); b) madres y padres con alto control y muy bajo monitoreo, restricción y modelo (29,5 %); c) madres con alto monitoreo y padres con bajo control y restricción (18,8 %); d) madres y padres con alto monitoreo (14,9 %); y e) madres y padres con alta restricción y modelo (4,7 %). Conclusión: los perfiles difirieron en los puntajes de SWFoL de padres y madres, conflicto familia-trabajo del padre, enriquecimiento trabajo y familia del padre, calidad de la dieta de los tres miembros de la familia y en el índice de masa corporal de las madres. Los resultados sugieren que los padres y las madres utilizan diferentes combinaciones de PPA según las características de sus familias y lugares de trabajo.(AU)

Background: this research was designed to identifying profiles of parents according to their food parenting practices (FPFP) (monitoring, restriction, modeling and child control) and to determine whether the profiles differed according to their satisfaction with food-related life (SWFoL),work-family interface, diet quality of parents and adolescent type of work and sociodemographic characteristics (socioeconomic level, genderand age). Methods: the sample consisted of 430 two-parent dual-income families with adolescent in Santiago, Chile. The Comprehensive questionnaire of Parental Eating Practices, Satisfaction with Food-related Life scale (SWFoL), Adapted Healthy Eating Index (AHEI) and Work-Family Interface Scale (work-family conflict and work-family enrichment) were used. Results: latent profile analysis showed five profiles of fathers and mothers: a) mothers and fathers with high control and restraint (32.1 %); b) mothers and fathers with high control and very low monitoring, restriction and modeling (29.5 %); c) mothers with high monitoring and fathers with low control and restriction (18.8 %); d) mothers and fathers with high monitoring (14.9 %); and e) mothers and fathers with high restraint and modeling (4.7 %). Conclusions: the profiles differed in fathers’ and mothers’ SWFoL scores, fathers’ work-family conflict, fathers’ work-family enrichment, diet quality of all three family members, and mothers’ body mass index. The results suggest that fathers and mothers use different combinations of FPP according to the characteristics of their families and workplaces.(AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Nutrição da Criança , Poder Familiar , Pais , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Conflito Familiar , Chile , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ciências da Nutrição , Saúde do Adolescente
Nutr. hosp ; 41(2): 376-383, Mar-Abr. 2024. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-232653


Background: the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (rs3138167) is a polymorphism that has been associated with metabolic disorder in obese subjects and its effect on the metabolic response after a dietary intervention has not been evaluated. Objective: our aim was to analyze the effects of the rs3138167 on metabolic changes secondary to weight loss with a hypocaloric diet with a Mediterranean pattern. Method: one thousand and eight Caucasian obese patients were evaluated. Before and after 12 weeks on a hypocaloric diet with Mediterranean pattern, an anthropometric evaluation and a biochemical analysis were performed. The statistical analysis was performed as a dominant model (CC vs CT + TT). Results: the values of insulin, HOMA-IR and resistin were higher in T allele carriers than non-T allele carriers in pre- and post-intervention time. In non-T allele carriers, resistin, insulin, HOMA-IR, triglycerides and C-reactive protein levels decreased. The improvement was statistically superior in non-T allele carriers; resistin (-1.2 ± 0.2 ng/dl; p = 0.02), triglycerides (-18.3 ± 4.3 mg/dl; p = 0.02), C-reactive protein (-2.6 ± 0.3 mg/dl; p = 0.02), insulin -4.4 ± 1.9 mUI/l; p = 0.02) and HOMA-IR (-2.1 ± 0.7; p = 0.03). Conclusion: we report an association of rs3138167 with a worse metabolic response (insulin, HOMA-IR, triglyceride and C-reactive protein) in T allele carriers after weight loss with a hypocaloric diet with Mediterranean pattern.(AU)

Antecedentes: el polimorfismo de nucleótido único (SNP) (rs3138167) se ha asociado con trastorno metabólico en sujetos obesos y no se ha evaluado su efecto sobre la respuesta metabólica después de una intervención dietética.Objetivo: nuestro objetivo fue analizar los efectos del polimorfismo rs3138167 sobre los cambios metabólicos secundarios a la pérdida de peso con una dieta hipocalórica de patrón mediterráneo. Métodos: se evaluaron 1.008 pacientes caucásicos con obesidad. Antes y tras 12 semanas de dieta hipocalórica con patrón mediterráneo, se realizaron una evaluación antropométrica y un análisis bioquímico. El análisis estadístico se realizó como un modelo dominante (CC vs. CT + TT). Resultados: los valores de insulina, HOMA-IR y resistina fueron más elevados en los portadores del alelo T, tanto antes como después de la intervención dietética. En los no portadores del alelo T, los niveles de resistina, insulina, HOMA-IR, triglicéridos y proteína C reactiva disminuyeron. Las mejorías fueron estadísticamente significativas, de manera superior en los no portadores del alelo T; resistina (-1,2 ± 0,2 ng/dl; p = 0,02), triglicéridos (-18,3 ± 4,3 mg/dl; p = 0,02), proteína C reactiva (-2,6 ± 0,3 mg/dl; p = 0,02), insulina -4,4 ± 1,9 mUI/l; p = 0,02) y HOMA-IR (-2,1 ± 0,7; p = 0,03). Conclusión: describimos una asociación del rs3138167 con una peor respuesta metabólica en los portadores del alelo T (insulina, HOMA-IR, triglicéridos y proteína C reactiva) tras la pérdida de peso con una dieta hipocalórica de patrón mediterráneo.(AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Dieta Mediterrânea , Polimorfismo Genético , Resistina , Obesidade , Antropometria
Nutr. hosp ; 41(2): 415-425, Mar-Abr. 2024. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-232658


Introducción: existe una disminución de la adherencia a la dieta mediterránea (DM) y un aumento de la prevalencia del exceso de peso entre la población infantil y juvenil española. Objetivos: el objetivo del presente estudio fue conocer el grado de adherencia a la DM y el estado nutricional de la población escolar de Mataró (España) a fin de obtener información útil para el diseño y aplicación de futuras intervenciones. Material y métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo de tipo transversal en una muestra de 1177 escolares de entre 6 y 18 años. Se utilizó el índice KIDMED para evaluar la adherencia a la DM y el índice de masa corporal (IMC) para valorar el estado nutricional. Se incluyeron preguntas relacionadas con la percepción de los estudiantes del acceso a alimentos no saludables, la disponibilidad de dinero y el interés de los padres en recibir educación sobre alimentación. Resultados: el porcentaje de niños y adolescentes con óptima adherencia a la DM no alcanza el 50 %, siendo los jóvenes de secundaria quienes presentan un porcentaje menor (30 %). En relación con el estado nutricional de la muestra, más del 70 % presentaron un estado nutricional normal según el IMC, y un 20,7 % de los alumnos de primaria y un 13,8 % de los de secundaria se clasificaron con exceso de peso. Conclusiones: los datos confirman el interés de diseñar e implementar acciones educativas que involucren tanto a los estudiantes como a los padres, con el objetivo de mejorar los hábitos alimentarios de la población. Los resultados sugieren que la disponibilidad de dinero puede facilitar el acceso a alimentos no saludables y, por consiguiente, se debe considerar la promoción de entornos saludables que aumenten la oferta de alimentos saludables.(AU)

Background: there is a decrease in adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) and an increase in the prevalence of excess weight among the Spanish child and adolescent population. Objectives: the objective of the present study was to determine the degree of adherence to MD and the nutritional status of the school population of Mataró (Spain) in order to obtain useful information for the design and application of future interventions. Material and methods: a cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in a sample of 1177 schoolchildren between 6 and 18 years of age. The KIDMED index was used to assess adherence to MD, and the body mass index (BMI) to assess nutritional status. questions were related to the students' perception of access to unhealthy foods, availability of money and parental interest in receiving nutrition education. Results: the percentage of children and adolescents with optimal adherence to MD does not reach 50 %, with secondary school youths presenting a lower percentage (30 %). Regarding the nutritional status of the sample, more than 70 % had a normal nutritional status according to their BMI, and 20.7 % of primary school students and 13.8 % of secondary school students were classified as overweight. Conclusions: the data confirm the interest of designing and implementing educational actions involving both students and parents, with the aim of improving the eating habits of the population. The results suggest that availability of money may facilitate access to unhealthy foods and, therefore, the promotion of healthy environments that increase the supply of healthy foods should be considered.(AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Dieta Mediterrânea , Estado Nutricional , Avaliação Nutricional , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento , Nutrição da Criança , Nutrição do Adolescente , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Transversais , Espanha , Ciências da Nutrição
Nutr. hosp ; 41(2): 433-438, Mar-Abr. 2024. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-232660


Introducción: el objetivo del estudio fue valorar la eficacia de una adaptación dietética individualizada para conseguir los requerimientos nutricionales en pacientes sometidos a trasplante de precursores hematopoyéticos (TPH). Metodología: estudio piloto de intervención nutricional con pacientes sometidos a TPH. Se realizó una valoración nutricional en las primeras 24 horas de ingreso y cada 48 a 72 horas hasta el alta, o + 40 días del trasplante, realizando adaptaciones dietéticas. Resultados: se reclutaron 25 pacientes. Según el MUST, el 92,0 % (n = 23) se encontraban bien nutridos en la visita inicial, con una pérdida de 2,1 (3,8) kg y un IMC de 26,4 kg/m2 (4,2). Antes del TPH ya hubo una disminución de la ingesta del 15,4 (23,5) % y del peso corporal de 0,2 (3,2) kg; tras el TPH, la pérdida de peso fue de 3,4 (5,0) kg y la disminución de la ingesta del 6,5 (30,4) %. Los síntomas predominantes fueron mucositis (60 %), náuseas (60 %) y diarrea (44 %). Se adaptó la dieta en el 100 % de los pacientes y el 52 % recibieron soporte nutricional oral (SNO) (n = 13), mientras que la nutrición enteral (NE) y la nutrición parenteral (NP) se utilizaron solo 1 vez. Conclusión: el estado nutricional de los pacientes sometidos a TPH es normal al ingreso pero se deteriora durante la realización del trasplante y su acondicionamiento previo. La intervención dietética es clave para mantener la ingesta oral y disminuir el riesgo de desnutrición.(AU)

Introduction: the objective of the study was to assess the effi cacy of an individualized dietary adaptation to achieve nutritional requirements in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Methodology: a pilot study of a nutritional intervention in patients undergoing HSCT. A nutritional assessment was performed the fi rst 24 hours of admission and every 48-72 hours until discharge, or + 40 days after the transplant, making dietary adaptations. Results: 25 patients were recruited. According to MUST, 92.0 % (n = 23) were well nourished at the initial visit, with a loss of 2.1 (3.8) kg and a BMI of 26.4 kg/m2 (4.2). Before HSCT, there was already a decrease in intake of 15.4 (23.5) % and in body weight of 0.2 (3.2) kg; after the HSCT, the weight loss was 3.4 (5.0) kg and the decrease in intake was 6.5 (30.4) %. The predominant symptoms were mucositis (60 %), nausea (60 %), and diarrhea (44 %). The diet was adapted in 100 % of the patients, 52 % received oral nutritional support (ONS) (n = 13); enteral nutrition (EN) and parenteral nutrition (PN) were used only once. Conclusion: the nutritional status of patients undergoing HSCT is normal on admission but deteriorates during transplantation and prior conditioning. Dietary intervention is key to maintaining oral intake and reducing the risk of malnutrition.(AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Nutrição Enteral , Suplementos Nutricionais , Dieta , Desnutrição , Ciências da Nutrição , Projetos Piloto
Nutr. hosp ; 41(2): 462-476, Mar-Abr. 2024. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-232664


La relación entre la dieta y el sueño ha sido escasamente estudiada en la población pediátrica. El objetivo de esta revisión fue analizar de forma narrativa la relación existente entre la dieta, determinados aspectos nutricionales y la calidad del sueño en esta población. Se seleccionaron estudios que midieran la dieta y valorasen el estado nutricional y el sueño en población infantil mediante la utilización de distintas herramientas. El riesgo de sesgo de los 14 estudios seleccionados se determinó con herramientas validadas. La adhesión a algunos patrones dietéticos como el mediterráneo, el alto consumo de frutas y verduras, la ingesta de triptófano o la sustitución de los ácidos grasos saturados por grasas insaturadas se relacionaron con una mejor calidad del sueño. El consumo de los productos ultraprocesados y la ingesta alta de azúcares simples dificultan un descanso adecuado. Por otro lado, se observó una asociación entre un índice de masa corporal alto y la falta de sueño en los jóvenes menores de 14 años. En conclusión, los estudios recogidos mostraron una asociación significativa entre algunos patrones dietéticos, grupos de alimentos y nutrientes con la calidad del sueño. Los factores dietéticos “poco saludables” se asociaron a una peor calidad del sueño. Sin embargo, hábitos y dietas más saludables y recomendados se relacionaron con una mejora de la higiene del sueño. Por otro lado, la falta de horas de descanso en la población juvenil se relaciona con el aumento de peso.(AU)

The relationship between diet and sleep has been studied in adults. However, there is little evidence in the pediatric population. The objective of this review was to analyze in a narrative way the relationship between diet, some nutritional aspects and sleep quality in population under 14 years. A quick review was performed in MEDLINE (PubMed) and Cochrane with a search strategy combining MeSH terms and keywords. Studies were selected to estimate diet and evaluate nutritional status and sleep in children using different tools. The risk of bias from the 14 selected studies was determined with validated tools (AMSTAR 2, Newcastle Ottawa scale [NOS] and Risk of Bias [Rob2]). Adherence to some dietary patterns such as the Mediterranean, high consumption of fruits and vegetables, tryptophan intake or substitution of saturated fatty acids by unsaturated fats were associated with better sleep quality. The consumption of ultra-processed products, the “unhealthy fast food” or the high intake of simple sugars hinder an adequate rest. On the other hand, an association between a high body mass index and lack of sleep was observed in young people under 14. In conclusion, the collected studies showed a significant association between some dietary patterns, food groups and nutrients with sleep quality. “Unhealthy” dietary factors were associated with poorer sleep quality. However, healthier and recommended habits and diets were associated with improved sleep hygiene. On the other hand, the lack of hours of rest in the youth population increases height, weight and BMI. Further research is needed in this direction.(AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Ciências da Nutrição , Pediatria , Nutrição da Criança , Nutrição do Adolescente , Dieta Saudável , Triptofano
Nutr. hosp ; 41(2): 477-488, Mar-Abr. 2024. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-232665


La dieta cetogénica constituyó desde su inicio un planteamiento sorprendente para el tratamiento de la epilepsia. Someter al organismo a un cambio en la obtención de energía, pasando de depender de los carbohidratos a hacerlo de las grasas, pone en marcha toda una serie de rutas bioquímicas que, de forma independiente pero también complementaria, dan lugar a un conjunto de efectos que benefician al paciente. Esta búsqueda de su mecanismo de acción, de idear cómo mejorar el cumplimiento y de aprovecharla para otras enfermedades ha marcado su trayectoria. En este artículo se revisan someramente estos aspectos, haciendo hincapié en la importancia de seguir realizando investigación básica y clínica para que este tratamiento pueda aplicarse con bases científicas sólidas.(AU)

The ketogenic diet was an amazing approach to treating epilepsy from its beginning. The body undergoes a change in obtaining energy, going from depending on carbohydrates to depending on fats, and then a whole series of biochemical routes are launched that, independently but also complementary, give rise to a set of effects that benefit the patient. This search for its mechanism of action, of devising how to improve compliance and take advantage of it for other diseases has marked its trajectory. This article briefl y reviews these aspects, emphasizing the importance of continuing to carry out basic and clinical research so that this treatment can be applied with solid scientific bases.(AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Dieta Cetogênica/métodos , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo de Esteroides , Epilepsia/terapia , Dietoterapia
Rev. Psicol., Divers. Saúde ; 13(1)abr. 2024. tab
Artigo em Espanhol, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551269


INTRODUÇÃO: A percepção e satisfação corporal têm sido amplamente estudadas em diversos públicos, principalmente em estudantes universitários; porém, existem poucas investigações com vegetarianos, sendo assim, torna-se necessário avaliar se o padrão alimentar vegetariano está relacionado com os fenômenos inerentes à imagem corporal. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a percepção e a satisfação corporal entre estudantes universitários vegetarianos. MÉTODO: Trata-se de um estudo transversal com 123 participantes, no qual foram aplicados o Questionário de Imagem Corporal - BSQ (Body Shape Questionnaire) e a Escala de Silhuetas de Stunkard. RESULTADOS: Os dados mostraram que 86,2% dos participantes eram eutróficos (IMC=22,4±3,3), sendo o score obtido no BSQ foi de 84,6 pontos (±36,0) correspondente à leve insatisfação com a imagem corporal. Cerca de 82,1% dos estudantes se mostravam insatisfeitos com a silhueta, dentre estes, 61,4% desejavam diminuí-la. CONCLUSÃO: O padrão alimentar (ovolactovegetariano, lactovegetariano, vegetariano estrito e vegano) não se relacionou com a insatisfação corporal, mas sim o desejo de ter silhuetas magras que são valorizadas pelo padrão de beleza vigente.

INTRODUCTION: For Body perception and satisfaction have been widely studied among different publics, especially among college students; however, there are few investigations with vegetarians. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate whether the vegetarian eating pattern is related to the phenomena inherent to body image. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate body perception and body satisfaction among vegetarian college students. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional study with 123 participants, in which the Body Image Questionnaire (BSQ) and the Stunkard Silhouette Scale were applied. RESULTS: The data showed that 86.2% of the participants were eutrophic (BMI=22.4±3.3), and the score obtained in the BSQ was 84.6 points (±36.0) corresponding to a mild dissatisfaction with body image. About 82.1% of the students were dissatisfied with their silhouette, and 61.4% of them wanted to reduce it. CONCLUSION: Dietary patterns (ovolactovegetarian, lactovegetarian, strict vegetarian, and vegan) were not related to body dissatisfaction, but rather the desire to have thin silhouettes that are valued by the prevailing beauty standard.

INTRODUCCIÓN: La percepción y satisfacción corporal han sido ampliamente estudiadas entre diferentes públicos, especialmente entre estudiantes universitarios; sin embargo, existen pocos estudios sobre vegetarianos, por lo que es necesario evaluar si el patrón alimentario vegetariano está relacionado con los fenómenos inherentes a la imagen corporal. OBJETIVO: Evaluar la percepción corporal y la satisfacción corporal entre estudiantes universitarios vegetarianos. MÉTODO: Se trata de un estudio transversal con 123 participantes, en el que se aplicaron el Cuestionario de Imagen Corporal - BSQ (Body Shape Questionnaire) y la Escala de Siluetas de Stunkard. RESULTADOS: Los datos mostraron que el 86,2% de los participantes eran eutróficos (IMC=22,4±3,3), y la puntuación obtenida en el BSQ fue de 84,6 puntos (±36,0) correspondiente a una insatisfacción leve con la imagen corporal. Alrededor del 82,1% de los estudiantes estaban insatisfechos con su silueta, entre ellos, el 61,4% deseaba reducirla. CONCLUSIÓN: El patrón alimentario (ovolactovegetariano, lactovegetariano, vegetariano estricto y vegano) no estaba relacionado con la insatisfacción corporal, sino con el deseo de tener siluetas delgadas que son valoradas por el estándar de belleza vigente.

Imagem Corporal , Estudantes , Vegetarianos
Nutr Hosp ; 41(3): 574-584, 2024 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38666333


Introduction: Introduction: changes in cognitive performance and memory of older adults (OA) can interfere in their reporting their diet. Objective: to evaluate the impact of memory bias in dietary estimation between OA and their primary caregivers (PC) through the food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for Mexican OA and weighed food records (WFR). Methods: the present analysis uses the estimated dietary information based on the response provided by 51 older adults (OA) and their primary caregivers (PC) from the validation study of the FFQ for Mexicans OA was conducted during lockdowns for COVID-19. The personnel who applied FFQ and WFR were trained with standardized instruments and procedures. The Wilcoxon test was used to compare the intake per day of the foods and food groups, the Spearman correlation coefficient was used to evaluate the grams of intake per day of the food groups, and kappa coefficient was used to compare the level of food items and food groups between OA and PC. Results: in 11 of 14 food groups, no significant differences were observed between the amounts of intake reported by OA and PC. In the groups of dairy products, fruits, vegetables, and legumes, moderate agreement was observed (κ = 0.63 to 0.79), and in the rest of the groups was strong to perfect (κ ≥ 0.80). Correlation of the amount of intake between OA and PC was high in all food groups (r ≥ 0.87). Conclusion: the high correlation and high agreement between the amounts and frequencies of the food groups consumed as reported by the older adults and primary caregivers indicate that the information from both respondents is reliable.

Introducción: Introducción: los cambios cognitivos y la memoria que presentan los adultos mayores (AM) pueden interferir al momento de reportar los alimentos de su dieta. Objetivo: evaluar el impacto del sesgo de memoria en la estimación de la dieta entre AM y sus cuidadores principales (CP) a través del cuestionario de frecuencia de alimentos (CFA) para AM mexicanos y el registro de peso de alimentos (RPA). Métodos: el presente análisis utiliza la información dietética estimada con base en la respuesta proporcionada por 51 adultos mayores (AM) y sus cuidadores principales (CP) del estudio de validación del CFA para AM mexicanos que se realizó durante el confinamiento por COVID-19. El personal que aplicó CFA y RPA fue capacitado con instrumentos y procedimientos estandarizados. Se utilizó prueba de Wilcoxon para comparar la ingesta por día de los alimentos y grupos de alimentos, el coeficiente de correlación de Spearman para evaluar los gramos de ingesta por día de los grupos de alimentos y el coeficiente kappa para comparar el nivel de alimentos y grupos de alimentos entre AM y CP. Resultados: en 11 de 14 grupos de alimentos no se observaron diferencias significativas entre las cantidades de ingesta reportadas por AM y CP. En los grupos de lácteos, frutas, verduras y legumbres se observó concordancia moderada (κ = 0,63 a 0,79), y en el resto de los grupos fue de fuerte a perfecta (κ ≥ 0,80). La correlación de la cantidad de ingesta entre AM y CP fue alta en todos los grupos de alimentos (r ≥ 0,87). Conclusión: La alta correlación y la alta concordancia entre las cantidades y frecuencias de los grupos de alimentos consumidos según lo informado por los adultos mayores y los cuidadores principales indican que la información de ambos encuestados es confiable.

COVID-19 , Cuidadores , Registros de Dieta , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Cuidadores/psicologia , Idoso , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Dieta , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Memória , México , Inquéritos e Questionários , Viés