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1.
Science ; 377(6607): 693, 2022 08 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35951705

RESUMO

The US Supreme Court has been busy. It recently overturned a nearly 50-year-old precedent protecting abortion rights, upheld the right to carry guns outside the home, and hamstrung the Environmental Protection Agency's ability to regulate emissions-all while signaling an aversion to contemporary empirical evidence and instead favoring "history and tradition." Although the majority of Americans disagree with many of these decisions, the court has only just begun to reshape the country. When it resumes in October, the court will be poised to outlaw affirmative action, undercut federal regulations regarding clean water, and possibly allow state legislatures to restrict voting rights without oversight by state courts. What explains the court's shift to an ideological extreme, and what can be done about it?


Assuntos
Aborto Induzido , Aborto Legal , Direitos Civis , Democracia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Decisões da Suprema Corte , Estados Unidos
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35955037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: According to the WHO, "unsafe abortion occurs when a pregnancy is terminated either by people lacking the necessary skills or in an environment that does not conform to minimal medical standards, or both". AIM: To review the legislation that ensures access to elective abortion and the main indicators of elective abortion in Spain. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted across all regions of Spain from 2011 to 2020. The regulations of each region on the creation of the clinical committee and the creation of the registry of conscientious objector professionals were identified. Data were collected on rates of elective abortions per 1000 women, type of health center where the intervention was performed, interval of weeks of gestation, and cause. RESULTS: After Law 2/2010 entered into force, the Spanish regions created a clinical committee; however, very few regions have a registry of conscientious objectors. During the study period, the average annual rate in Spain was 11.10 elective abortions per 1000 women between 15 and 44 years of age, showing a decreasing trend (annual percentage change of -1.92%). Only 10.67% of abortions were performed at public centers. In 90.18% of the cases, abortions were performed at the woman's request. CONCLUSION: Spain legislated late compared to most European Union countries. The current law is similar to that of other member states, allowing abortion at the woman's request in the first fourteen weeks and thereafter for medical reasons. Most abortions are performed at private centers, although many territorial inequalities are observed.


Assuntos
Aborto Induzido , Aborto Legal , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Vigilância da População , Gravidez , Espanha/epidemiologia
16.
Lancet ; 400(10346): 85-86, 2022 07 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35810760
19.
Recenti Prog Med ; 113(7): 462-463, 2022.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35852082

RESUMO

In light of the recent ruling of the US Supreme Court overturning abortion rights, and drawing inspiration from a case came to his observation of hemorrhagic shock complicating an illegal abortion, the author briefly comments on the health, ethical, political and economic aspects that the denial of the right to terminate pregnancy entails for women, health care professionals and for the society as a whole.


Assuntos
Aborto Induzido , Médicos , Aborto Legal , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Estados Unidos
20.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 75(6): e20210946, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35858032

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to identify the ideological perspectives of official discourses in relation to sexual violence, childhood pregnancy and access to legal abortion based on a Brazilian case. METHODS: a qualitative documentary study. Data collection was carried out in documents published on official Brazilian websites, between August and December 2020. The analytical categories of gender and generation supported data analysis. RESULTS: a total of 39 documents were selected and three empirical categories were identified: Protection against violence in the legislation and the (re)production of injuries in reality; Facing sexual violence against children by the Brazilian State; Being a Brazilian girl: gender and generational oppressions. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: the ideological perspectives of official discourses in relation to the case showed a lack of compliance with advances in Brazilian legislation on issues related to child violence and adult-centric authoritarianism, with the imposition of gender and generation subalternity.


Assuntos
Aborto Legal , Delitos Sexuais , Adulto , Brasil , Criança , Feminino , Identidade de Gênero , Humanos , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa
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