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1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e51821, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1117686

RESUMO

Objetivo: compreender a vivência do enfrentamento e repercussões da COVID-19, na percepção de mulheres em tratamento oncológico. Método: estudo qualitativo, do tipo ação-participante, fundamentado no Itinerário de Pesquisa de Paulo Freire, que possui três fases: Investigação Temática; Codificação e Descodificação; Desvelamento Crítico. Foi realizado Círculo de Cultura virtual, com a participação de 12 mulheres em tratamento do câncer de mama, de diferentes localidades do Brasil. Resultados: no Círculo de Cultura virtual discutiram dois temas: desafios no enfrentamento do câncer e da COVID-19; aprendizados gerados nessa vivência, considerando um renascimento das próprias cinzas. Considerações finais: o momento pandêmico tem instigado reflexões sobre o viver. Assim, as mulheres em tratamento oncológico e também em restrição social puderam expressar seus sentimentos, descobrindo e redescobrindo fragilidades e fortalezas para ressignificar e crescer como seres, em uma sociedade, que pode e deve articular estratégias para promoção da saúde.


Objective: to understand the experience of coping with COVID-19, as perceived by women undergoing cancer treatment. Method: qualitative, participatory action research based on the three phases of Paulo Freire's Research Itinerary: Thematic Investigation; Coding and Decoding; and Critical Unveiling. A Culture Circle was held online with 12 women from different places in Brazil undergoing breast cancer treatment. Results: in the virtual Culture Circle, they discussed two themes: challenges in coping with cancer and COVID-10; and learning generated in that experience, with a view to rebirth from their own ashes. Final considerations: the pandemic has prompted thinking about living. Accordingly, women undergoing cancer treatment and also under social restrictions were able to express their feelings, and in discovering and rediscovering weaknesses and strengths, to resignify themselves and to grow in a society that can and should deploy strategies for health promotion.


Objetivo: comprender la experiencia de afrontamiento del COVID-19, según la perciben las mujeres en tratamiento oncológico. Método: investigación-acción cualitativa y participativa basada en las tres fases del Itinerario de Investigación de Paulo Freire: Investigación Temática; Codificación y decodificación; y revelación crítica. Se realizó un Círculo Cultural en línea con 12 mujeres de diferentes lugares de Brazil sometidas a tratamiento contra el cáncer de mama. Resultados: en el Círculo de Cultura virtual se discutieron dos temas: desafíos en el afrontamiento del cáncer y COVID-10; y el aprendizaje generado en esa experiencia, con miras a renacer de sus propias cenizas. Consideraciones finales: la pandemia ha llevado a pensar en vivir. En consecuencia, las mujeres en tratamiento oncológico y también bajo restricciones sociales pudieron expresar sus sentimientos, y al descubrir y redescubrir debilidades y fortalezas, resignificarse y crecer en una sociedad que puede y debe desplegar estrategias de promoción de la salud.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Quarentena/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Promoção da Saúde , Aprendizagem , Brasil , Processo Saúde-Doença , Telemedicina , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Emoções , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida
2.
Med Arch ; 74(3): 164-167, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32801428

RESUMO

Probably in the history of medicine, doctors were not as united as they are today, in that fight against COVID-19, when the pandemic spread incredibly fast - from East to West, from North to South. The COVID-19 pandemic is likely to have unprecedented and unforeseeable consequences, from those on a worldwide/global level to those at the local level - at the level of local communities and families, and individuals (and not just humans, but all other living beings), of which the future will testify in various ways. The consequences will be political, economic, social, but probably to the greatest degree, the consequences of a health nature - systemic and individual. The death toll is high, despite the therapy being applied. We do not currently have a specific and effective therapy against COVID-19. In addition, we do not have a single clinical study that would support prophylactic therapy that could affect COVID-19. All of the therapeutic options now available to us are based on the experience we have gained in treating SARS and MERS. When the vaccine is discovered, at that moment we will be able to say that we have an appropriate and effective method in fighting against COVID-19. Some historians of medicine believe that voluntary vaccination against COVID-19 would be, not only less politically risky but also more effective in protecting the population from coronavirus. It remains to be seen what the new wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, announced by WHO experts these days, and which is expected in the fall of 2020, will bring us.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Saúde Global/tendências , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Vacinação em Massa/organização & administração , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Saúde Pública/tendências , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/economia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Previsões , Humanos , Pandemias/economia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/economia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Política , Fatores Socioeconômicos
4.
Minerva Pediatr ; 72(3): 226-235, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32613821

RESUMO

Although medical literature shows that children are minimally susceptible to 2019-Corona virus disease (COVID-19), they are hit the hardest by psychosocial impact of this pandemic. Being quarantined in homes and institutions may impose greater psychological burden than the physical sufferings caused by the virus. School closure, lack of outdoor activity, aberrant dietary and sleeping habits are likely to disrupt children's usual lifestyle and can potentially promote monotony, distress, impatience, annoyance and varied neuropsychiatric manifestations. Incidences of domestic violence, child abuse, adulterated online contents are on the rise. Children of single parent and frontline workers suffer unique problems. The children from marginalized communities are particularly susceptible to the infection and may suffer from extended ill-consequences of this pandemic, such as child labor, child trafficking, child marriage, sexual exploitation and death etc. Parents, pediatricians, psychologists, social workers, hospital authorities, government and non-governmental organizations have important roles to play to mitigate the psychosocial ill-effects of COVID-19 on children and adolescents. To provide the basic amenities, social security, medical care, and to minimize the educational inequities among the children of the different strata of the society are foremost priorities.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Atividades Cotidianas , Adolescente , Criança , Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Socorristas/psicologia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/psicologia , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Fatores de Risco , Instituições Acadêmicas , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Marginalização Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle , Populações Vulneráveis/psicologia
7.
Ann Epidemiol ; 46: 24-30, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32532370

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether individual, family, and community assets can 1) protect youth from binge drinking in the face of negative life events and 2) modify the relationship between negative life events and binge drinking. METHODS: Data from waves 2-5 of the Youth Asset Study were analyzed. Generalized estimating equations were used to assess the relationship between negative life events, assets, and binge drinking. Multiplicative and additive interaction between negative life events and assets was evaluated. RESULTS: When included in the same model as negative life events, individual, family, and community assets had a graded, protective relationship with binge drinking, with strongest protection for those with the greatest number of assets. For example, youth with 3 [adjusted odds ratio (AOR):0.78, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.65-0.93], 4 [AOR: 0.60, 95% CI: 0.49-0.73], 5 [AOR: 0.53, 95% CI: 0.41-0.69], and 6 [AOR: 0.42, 95% CI: 0.28-0.63] assets within the community domain had a significantly lower odds of binge drinking than youth with 0-2 community assets. No significant interactions were observed. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that while youth who are exposed to negative life events are at risk for binge drinking, building assets across individual, family, and community domains can have a protective influence.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Bebedeira/epidemiologia , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Angústia Psicológica , Estresse Psicológico , Adolescente , Bebedeira/psicologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Assunção de Riscos , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde , Meio Social , Apoio Social
8.
Yakugaku Zasshi ; 140(6): 799-808, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32475930

RESUMO

Pharmacy practice experience (PPE) is essential in the six-year course of pharmaceutical education in Japan. We previously found that PPE reinforced students' self-efficacy for curriculums (SECs), leading robust acquisition and reconstruction of pharmaceutical expertise. In this study, we aimed to clarify whether students' SECs affect successful experiences as enactive attainments in PPE. We distributed survey questionnaires to the fifth-year students in Keio University in 2016-2017 before and after PPE. The students made a self-assessment of their psychological state "expect to do well" on a seven-point Likert scale for each curriculum (C1 to C18), and their successful experiences were also collected from free description type questionnaire. We could follow up 139 students. The SEC scores increased from pre-PPE to post I (p<0.001) and II terms (p<0.01). The increase in SEC scores during PPE was associated with the rate of students' successful experiences in the first-term PPE (p=0.04). The path analysis revealed the following as significant predictive factors of SECs for successful experiences: basic sciences (C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, and C6) with stand-ardizing coefficient 0.35, health and environmental sciences (C11 and C12) with 0.39, and pharmaceutical sciences (C7, C8, C9, C10, C13, and C14) with -0.51. Students in the first-term PPE tended to experience successful performance in medical professions by using their pharmaceutical expertise that they had learned. In this study, for the first time, we demonstrated that Japanese students' SECs for pharmaceutical expertise affected successful experiences, leading better outcomes of PPE.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Educação em Farmácia/métodos , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Autoeficácia , Estudantes de Farmácia/psicologia , Currículo , Humanos , Japão , Aprendizagem , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
BMC Psychol ; 8(1): 67, 2020 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32586401

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is a multi-dimensional condition with causal factors beyond the physiological into the behavioural, dietetic and psychological. Understanding the lived experience of those who are overweight and obese and self-perceived barriers to access and engagement in intervention are imperative to formulating a systemic response to the complex problem of obesity. This study aims to identify the social, psychological and systemic factors impeding engagement with weight-loss behaviour and interventions, and to formulate a framework for responding to these. METHODS: We conducted an exploratory qualitative study using focus groups and interviews with people who have lived experienced of being overweight or obese. Data were analysed using an inductive thematic approach. Following the thematic analysis, further interpretation of the data was achieved by applying the epistemological foundations of the Lifeworld Led Care paradigm, recognising its philosophy of the person and of care based on the individual's experiences. Eight men and 17 women participated. RESULTS: Three overarching themes were identified: Complexity and Battle, Impediments, and Positive Re-orientation. The subthemes of these were found to represent the dimensions of the Lifeworld: Identify, Inter-subjectivity, Mood and Embodiment. Further interpretation of the themed data identified six polarised dichotomies representing the opposing lived dimensions of the obesity experience: Failure Double-Bind; Think-Feel Conflict; Negative-Positive Orientation; Impeding-Facilitating Health Professional; Knowledge as Deficit-Insight; and Internal-External Orientation. CONCLUSION: Obesity manifests as constraints and challenges across six polarised dichotomies, active in the lived experience of obesity. This study provides a unique way of conceptualising and understanding the complex and interacting meanings of the lived experience of obesity through the construction of polarised dichotomies. The polarities signify the oscillating experiences that people with obesity encounter, which may be either helpful or destructive in both their lifeworld experience and their capacity to address obesity towards improved social, psychological and physical outcomes. Understanding the dichotomies allows a reconceptualisation of obesity from a quantification of the individual to a more respectful, humane, compassionate and utilitarian conceptualisation of the experiencing person and the phenomenon itself. Further, these lived polarised dichotomies of obesity present the opportunity for health professionals to reconceptualise obesity in care and interventions.


Assuntos
Obesidade/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Autoimagem
16.
Am J Nurs ; 120(6): 12-13, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32443103
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