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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(9)2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731875

RESUMO

Mass spectrometry has become the most prominent yet evolving technology in quantitative proteomics. Today, a number of label-free and label-based approaches are available for the relative and absolute quantification of proteins and peptides. However, the label-based methods rely solely on the employment of stable isotopes, which are expensive and often limited in availability. Here we propose a label-based quantification strategy, where the mass difference is identified by the differential alkylation of cysteines using iodoacetamide and acrylamide. The alkylation reactions were performed under identical experimental conditions; therefore, the method can be easily integrated into standard proteomic workflows. Using high-resolution mass spectrometry, the feasibility of this approach was assessed with a set of tryptic peptides of human serum albumin. Several critical questions, such as the efficiency of labeling and the effect of the differential alkylation on the peptide retention and fragmentation, were addressed. The concentration of the quality control samples calculated against the calibration curves were within the ±20% acceptance range. It was also demonstrated that heavy labeled peptides exhibit a similar extraction recovery and matrix effect to light ones. Consequently, the approach presented here may be a viable and cost-effective alternative of stable isotope labeling strategies for the quantification of cysteine-containing proteins.


Assuntos
Acrilamida , Cisteína , Iodoacetamida , Proteômica , Iodoacetamida/química , Alquilação , Cisteína/química , Cisteína/análise , Acrilamida/química , Acrilamida/análise , Humanos , Proteômica/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Marcação por Isótopo/métodos , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
2.
Food Res Int ; 186: 114333, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729693

RESUMO

Acrylamide is an amide formed in the Maillard reaction, with asparagine as the primary amino acid precursor. The intake of large amounts of acrylamide has induced genotoxic and carcinogenic effects in hormone-sensitive tissues of animals. The enzime asparaginase is one of the most effective methods for lowering the formation of acrylamide in foods such as potatoes. However, the reported sensory outcomes for coffee have been unsatisfactory so far. This study aimed to produce coffees with reduced levels of acrylamide by treating them with asparaginase while retaining their original sensory and bioactive profiles. Three raw samples of Coffea arabica, including two specialty coffees, and one of Coffea canephora were treated with 1000, 2000, and 3000 ASNU of the enzyme. Asparagine and bioactive compounds (chlorogenic acids-CGA, caffeine, and trigonelline) were quantified in raw and roasted beans by HPLC and LC-MS, while the determination of acrylamide and volatile organic compounds was performed in roasted beans by CG-MS. Soluble solids, titratable acidity, and pH were also determined. Professional cupping by Q-graders and consumer sensory tests were also conducted. Results were analyzed by ANOVA-Fisher, MFA, PCA and Cluster analyses, with significance levels set at p ≤ 0.05. Steam treatment alone decreased acrylamide content by 18.4%, on average, and 6.1% in medium roasted arabica and canefora coffees. Average reductions of 32.5-56.0% in acrylamide formation were observed in medium roasted arabica beans when 1000-3000 ASNU were applied. In the canefora sample, 59.4-60.7% reductions were observed. However, steam treatment primarily caused 17.1-26.7% reduction of total CGA and lactones in medium roasted arabica samples and 13.9-22.0% in canefora sample, while changes in trigonelline, caffeine, and other evaluated chemical parameters, including the volatile profiles were minimal. Increasing enzyme loads slightly elevated acidity. The only sensory changes observed by Q-graders and or consumers in treated samples were a modest increase in acidity when 3000 ASNU was used in the sample with lower acidity, loss of mild off-notes in control samples, and increased perception of sensory descriptors. The former was selected given the similarity in chemical outcomes among beans treated with 2000 and 3000 ASNU loads.


Assuntos
Acrilamida , Asparaginase , Asparagina , Coffea , Café , Paladar , Acrilamida/análise , Asparagina/análise , Coffea/química , Café/química , Humanos , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , Culinária/métodos , Alcaloides/análise , Ácido Clorogênico/análise , Cafeína/análise , Masculino , Manipulação de Alimentos/métodos , Reação de Maillard , Temperatura Alta , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Sementes/química , Feminino
3.
J Comput Aided Mol Des ; 38(1): 21, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38693331

RESUMO

Covalent inhibition offers many advantages over non-covalent inhibition, but covalent warhead reactivity must be carefully balanced to maintain potency while avoiding unwanted side effects. While warhead reactivities are commonly measured with assays, a computational model to predict warhead reactivities could be useful for several aspects of the covalent inhibitor design process. Studies have shown correlations between covalent warhead reactivities and quantum mechanic (QM) properties that describe important aspects of the covalent reaction mechanism. However, the models from these studies are often linear regression equations and can have limitations associated with their usage. Applications of machine learning (ML) models to predict covalent warhead reactivities with QM descriptors are not extensively seen in the literature. This study uses QM descriptors, calculated at different levels of theory, to train ML models to predict reactivities of covalent acrylamide warheads. The QM/ML models are compared with linear regression models built upon the same QM descriptors and with ML models trained on structure-based features like Morgan fingerprints and RDKit descriptors. Experiments show that the QM/ML models outperform the linear regression models and the structure-based ML models, and literature test sets demonstrate the power of the QM/ML models to predict reactivities of unseen acrylamide warhead scaffolds. Ultimately, these QM/ML models are effective, computationally feasible tools that can expedite the design of new covalent inhibitors.


Assuntos
Cisteína , Desenho de Fármacos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Teoria Quântica , Cisteína/química , Acrilamida/química , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade , Modelos Lineares , Estrutura Molecular
4.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 188: 114699, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38697496

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess Italian consumers' risk of cancer and burden of disease due to dietary exposure to acrylamide. Our model considered six age groups such as infants, toddlers, other children, adolescents, adults, and the elderly, and the consumption of 31 food items. Using a risk-assessment-based approach, we first characterized the risk of neoplastic effects using the margin of exposure method. Then the risk of kidney, endometrial, breast, ovarian cancer, and total cancer was estimated using adjusted cancer slope factors while the burden of disease was quantified using Disability-adjusted Life Years (DALYs). The highest risk for females was related to breast cancer while the lowest was for kidney cancer. We found a comparable risk of total cancer among Italian males and females, estimated at around 1.59 to 3.57 cases per 100,000 individuals annually with the burden ranging between 12.3 - 25.4 and 11.4 - 24.1 DALYs respectively. Our findings provide insights on the multifaceted impact of acrylamide on public health by offering detailed insights into age-specific exposure levels, diverse cancer risks, and the dietary burden of disease related to acrylamide. Targeted interventions and policies can be developed towards mitigating the health risks associated with acrylamide exposure.


Assuntos
Acrilamida , Exposição Dietética , Neoplasias , Humanos , Acrilamida/toxicidade , Acrilamida/análise , Itália/epidemiologia , Feminino , Masculino , Medição de Risco , Adolescente , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias/etiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Deficiência
5.
Toxicology ; 504: 153800, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604440

RESUMO

Acrylamide (ACR) is an endogenous food contaminant, high levels of ACR have been detected in a large number of foods, causing widespread concern. Since different organism states respond differently to the toxic effects of pollutants, this study establishes an insulin-resistant BRL cell model to explore the differential susceptibility of BRL cells with/without insulin resistance in response to acrylamide-exposure (0.0002, 0.02, or 1 mM) toxicity effects and its mechanism. The results showed that ACR exposure decreased glucose uptake and increased intracellular lipid levels by promoting the expression of fatty acid synthesis, transport, and gluconeogenesis genes and inhibiting the expression of fatty acid metabolism genes, thereby further exacerbating disorders of gluconeogenesis and lipid metabolism in insulin-resistant BRL cells. Simultaneously, its exposure also exacerbated BRL cells with/without insulin-resistant damage. Meanwhile, insulin resistance significantly raised susceptibility to BRL cell response to ACR-induced toxicity. Furthermore, ACR exposure further activated the endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) signaling pathway (promoting phosphorylation of PERK, eIF-2α, and IRE-1α) and the apoptosis signaling pathway (activating Caspase-3 and increasing the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio) in BRL cells with insulin-resistant, which were also attenuated after ROS scavenging or ERS signaling pathway blockade. Overall results suggested that ACR evokes a severer toxicity effect on BRL cells with insulin resistance through the overactivation of the ERS signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Acrilamida , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Resistência à Insulina , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Ratos , Acrilamida/toxicidade , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucose/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Phytomedicine ; 128: 155589, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608487

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Food products undergo a pronounced Maillard reaction (MR) during the cooking process, leading to the generation of substantial quantities of Maillard reaction products (MRPs). Within this category, advanced glycation end products (AGEs), acrylamide (AA), and heterocyclic amines (HAs) have been implicated as potential risk factors associated with the development of diseases. PURPOSE: To explore the effects of polyphenols, a class of bioactive compounds found in plants, on the inhibition of MRPs and related diseases. Previous research has mainly focused on their interactions with proteins and their effects on the gastrointestinal tract and other diseases, while fewer studies have examined their inhibitory effects on MRPs. The aim is to offer a scientific reference for future research investigating the inhibitory role of polyphenols in the MR. METHODS: The databases PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and The Cochrane Library were searched for appropriate research. RESULTS: Polyphenols have the potential to inhibit the formation of harmful MRPs and prevent related diseases. The inhibition of MRPs by polyphenols primarily occurs through the following mechanisms: trapping α-dicarbonyl compounds, scavenging free radicals, chelating metal ions, and preserving protein structure. Simultaneously, polyphenols exhibit the ability to impede the onset and progression of related diseases such as diabetes, atherosclerosis, cancer, and Alzheimer's disease through diverse pathways. CONCLUSION: This review presents that inhibition of polyphenols on Maillard reaction products and their induction of related diseases. Further research is imperative to enhance our comprehension of additional pathways affected by polyphenols and to fully uncover their potential application value in inhibiting MRPs.


Assuntos
Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada , Reação de Maillard , Polifenóis , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Polifenóis/química , Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/antagonistas & inibidores , Humanos , Acrilamida/química , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Aterosclerose/prevenção & controle , Animais
7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 146(15): 10393-10406, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569115

RESUMO

Covalent chemistry coupled with activity-based protein profiling (ABPP) offers a versatile way to discover ligands for proteins in native biological systems. Here, we describe a set of stereo- and regiochemically defined spirocycle acrylamides and the analysis of these electrophilic "stereoprobes" in human cancer cells by cysteine-directed ABPP. Despite showing attenuated reactivity compared to structurally related azetidine acrylamide stereoprobes, the spirocycle acrylamides preferentially liganded specific cysteines on diverse protein classes. One compound termed ZL-12A promoted the degradation of the TFIIH helicase ERCC3. Interestingly, ZL-12A reacts with the same cysteine (C342) in ERCC3 as the natural product triptolide, which did not lead to ERCC3 degradation but instead causes collateral loss of RNA polymerases. ZL-12A and triptolide cross-antagonized one another's protein degradation profiles. Finally, we provide evidence that the antihypertension drug spironolactone─previously found to promote ERCC3 degradation through an enigmatic mechanism─also reacts with ERCC3_C342. Our findings thus describe monofunctional degraders of ERCC3 and highlight how covalent ligands targeting the same cysteine can produce strikingly different functional outcomes.


Assuntos
Acrilamida , Diterpenos , Fenantrenos , Humanos , Cisteína/química , Proteômica , Compostos de Epóxi
8.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0300617, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625973

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: For years, heat treatment has been an essential method for ensuring mature food that meet the desired quality and safety characteristics. However, this process could lead to the formation of harmful compounds such as acrylamide. In this study we aimed to investigate the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAPs) of the Lebanese population toward the potential risk associated with acrylamide. MATERIALS & METHODS: An online survey (n = 598) was conducted among residents in Lebanon aged 18 years and above. The survey was divided into five sections including participants' sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge, attitude and practice sections, and some questions related to consumer's preferences. RESULTS & DISCUSSION: The results showed that the majority of the participants had low food safety knowledge regarding acrylamide. Specifically, 82.9% of the consumers had no idea about the chemical, its formation, the foods with a high risk of acrylamide formation and the health risks associated with its exposure. Despite lack of knowledge, good domestic food practices (storage, pre-treatment) were noticed among participants. Moreover, the majority of consumers (> 80%) showed positive attitude towards proper acrylamide labeling. Participants with a bachelor's degree appeared to have a more positive attitude toward food safety compared to those with no qualifications (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Despite the high consumption of acrylamide by the consumers in Lebanon through fried potatoes, bread, and coffee, the majority have no idea about acrylamide's presence in food, its sources and its adverse health effects. Raising awareness among the public, involving policy makers in addressing the issue of clear labeling and encouraging the adoption of alternative practices to reduce acrylamide are all crucial to protect consumers' health in Lebanon and promote healthier food consumption habits.


Assuntos
Acrilamida , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Acrilamida/análise , Café , Inquéritos e Questionários , Alimentos
9.
Redox Rep ; 29(1): 2341537, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629506

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acrylamide is a toxic substance formed in some foods that require high-temperature cooking processes and has been implicated as a gonadotoxic agent. Zinc, on the other hand, is a known antioxidant with fertility-enhancing properties. Hence, this study was designed to explore the possible ameliorative effect of zinc in acrylamide-induced gonadotoxicity. METHODS: Twenty-four male Wistar rats were randomized into control, acrylamide (10 mg/kg of acrylamide), acrylamide + 1 mg/kg of zinc, and acrylamide + 3 mg/kg of zinc. The administration was via the oral route and lasted for 56 days. RESULTS: Zinc treatment ameliorated acrylamide-impaired sperm quality, normal testicular histoarchitecture, and hormonal balance, which was accompanied by increased testicular malondialdehyde and interleukin-1ß and decreased testicular superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT). Furthermore, zinc prevented acrylamide-induced downregulation of testicular nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), and B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCl2) expression and upregulation of testicular nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and bcl-2-like protein 4 (bax) expression. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, zinc may protect against acrylamide-induced testicular toxicity, mediated by its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiapoptotic effects.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Apoptose , Estresse Oxidativo , Transdução de Sinais , Zinco , Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Acrilamida/toxicidade , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/farmacologia , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Heme Oxigenase-1/farmacologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/farmacologia , Ratos Wistar , Sêmen/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Zinco/farmacologia
10.
Food Res Int ; 184: 114249, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609227

RESUMO

Low temperature storage as an alternative to anti-sprouting chemicals in potato storage may induce reducing sugars (RS) accumulation (i.e. glucose and fructose) in potato tubers. This phenomenon is called "cold induced sweetening" (CIS) and occurs in certain varieties. CIS leads to a decrease in the organoleptic qualities and darkening of processed potato and the accumulation of toxic molecules such as acrylamide. To identify potato varieties suitable for storage at low temperatures, we screened six commercial processing varieties: Lady Claire (LC), Verdi, Kiebitz (KB), Pirol, Agria and Markies for their CIS characteristics and sprout-forming potential after storage at 4 °C and 8 °C. Our findings reveal that 4 °C storage allows for efficient sprout reduction in all six tested varieties for up to 4.5 months of storage. Three CIS-resistant varieties, namely Verdi, Lady Claire and Kiebitz, were identified as able to be stored for up to four months at 4 °C with limited increase in glucose content. Conversely, Pirol, Agria and Markies showed an increase in glucose content with a decrease in storage temperature and can be considered as CIS-susceptible varieties. After processing into crisps, the CIS-susceptible varieties displayed poor crisp color quality (brown to black color crisps) after storage for two months at 4 °C compared to the storage at 8 °C, whereas the CIS-resistant varieties had good crisp color quality (pale yellow color crisps) after storage at both 4 and 8 °C. Interestingly, the trends of total RS and/or glucose content in the CIS-resistant and in the CIS-susceptible varieties were correlated with the trends in Vacuolar Invertase (VInv) gene expression for most varieties, as well as with the trends in acrylamide content after processing. In addition, reconditioning of Markies variety after storage at 4 °C by gradually increasing the temperature to 15 °C resulted in a significant decrease of VInv transcript levels (reduction of 80 %), acrylamide content (reduction of 75 %) and glucose content when compared to a storage at 4 °C without reconditioning. Those results demonstrate that the reconditioning technique is a key factor for a sustainable potato storage and for improving the quality of processed potatoes.


Assuntos
Solanum tuberosum , Humanos , Criopreservação , Temperatura Baixa , Acrilamida , Glucose , beta-Frutofuranosidase
11.
Anal Methods ; 16(18): 2824-2839, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38669134

RESUMO

In this review, the mechanisms of acrylamide formation in food, along with aspects related to its toxicity and associated consumption risks, are investigated, highlighting the potential impact on human health. European regulations regarding acrylamide content in food products are also addressed, emphasizing the importance of monitoring and detecting this substance in nutrition, by public health protection measures. The primary objective of the research is to explore and analyze innovative methods for detecting acrylamide in food, with a particular focus on electrochemical biosensors. This research direction is motivated by the need to develop rapid, sensitive, and efficient monitoring techniques for this toxic compound in food products, considering the associated consumption risks. The research has revealed several significant results. Studies have shown that electrochemical biosensors based on hemoglobin exhibited increased sensitivity and low detection limits, capable of detecting very low concentrations of acrylamide in processed foods. Additionally, it has been found that the use of functionalized nanomaterials, such as carbon nanotubes and gold nanoparticles, has led to the improvement of electrochemical biosensor performance in acrylamide detection. The integration of these technological innovations and functionalization strategies has enhanced the sensitivity, specificity, and stability of biosensors in measuring acrylamides. Thus, the results of this research offer promising perspectives for the development of precise and efficient methods for monitoring acrylamides in food, contributing to the improvement of food quality control and the protection of consumer health.


Assuntos
Acrilamida , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Análise de Alimentos , Contaminação de Alimentos , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Acrilamida/análise , Acrilamida/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Humanos
12.
J Food Drug Anal ; 32(1): 65-78, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38526591

RESUMO

Aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN) has drawn increasing public attention. Organic anion transporters (OATs) are considered to be responsible for mediating nephrotoxicity of aristolochic acids (AAs), as AAs are typical OAT1 substrates that exhibit anionic properties and contain one hydrophobic domain. Inspired by the OAT1 three-dimensional structure or substrate/protein interactions involved in transport, we designed a magnetic polymeric hybrid, mimicking the effect of basic and aromatic residues of OAT1, for efficient enriching aristolochic acid I (AA I) and aristolochic acid II (AA II) in Traditional Chinese patent medicines (TCPM). N, N-dimethylaminopropyl acrylamide (DMAPAm) was used as a cationic monomer and copolymerized with divinylbenzene (DVB) onto the surface of monodisperse magnetic nanoparticles (denoted as MNs@SiO2T-DvbDam). The magnetic polymer hybrid demonstrated high selectivity and capacity for AAs, which was mainly attributed to (1) electrostatic interactions from the cationic or basic moiety of DMAPAm and (2) the hydrophobic and π-π stacking interactions from the aromatic ring of DVB. Additionally, the surface of the hybrid exhibited amphiphilic property according to the ionization of DMAPAm, thus improving the compatibility of the adsorbent with the aqueous sample matrix. This strategy was proven to be robust in the analysis of real drug samples, which was characterized by a good linearity, high recovery and satisfactory reusability. This work confirmed that the proposed tool could be a promising candidate for enhancing the extraction selectivity of AAs in Traditional Chinese medicines (TCM).


Assuntos
Ácidos Aristolóquicos , Nanocompostos , Acrilamida , Polímeros , Fenômenos Magnéticos
13.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(12): 6089-6095, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38483189

RESUMO

Acrylamide is a probable carcinogen in humans and is formed when reducing sugars react with free asparagine (Asn) during thermal processing of food. Although breeding for low reducing sugars worked well in potatoes, it is less successful in cereals. However, reducing free Asn in cereals has great potential for reducing acrylamide formation, despite the role that Asn plays in nitrogen transport and amino acid biosynthesis. In this perspective, we summarize the efforts aimed at reducing free Asn in cereal grains and discuss the potentials and challenges associated with targeting this essential amino acid, especially in a seed-specific manner.


Assuntos
Acrilamida , Asparagina , Humanos , Asparagina/química , Acrilamida/análise , Melhoramento Vegetal , Sementes/química , Açúcares/análise , Grão Comestível/química , Temperatura Alta
14.
J Mater Sci Mater Med ; 35(1): 20, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38526669

RESUMO

Xyloglucan is a rigid polysaccharide that belongs to the carbohydrate family. This hemicellulose compound has been widely used in biomedical research because of its pseudoplastic, mucoadhesive, mucomimetic, and biocompatibility properties. Xyloglucan is a polyose with no amino groups in its structure, which also limits its range of applications. It is still unknown whether grafting hydrophilic monomers onto xyloglucan can produce derivatives that overcome these shortcomings. This work aimed to prepare the first copolymers in which N-hydroxyethyl acrylamide is grafted onto tamarind xyloglucan by free-radical polymerization. The biocompatibility of these structures in vitro was evaluated using human dermal fibroblasts. Gamma radiation-induced graft polymerization was employed as an initiator by varying the radiation dose from 5-25 kGy. The structure of the graft copolymer, Xy-g-poly(N-hydroxyethyl acrylamide), was verified by thermal analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The findings indicate that the degree of grafting and the cytotoxicity/viability of the xyloglucan-based copolymer were independent of dose. Notably, the grafted galactoxyloglucan exhibited efficient support for human dermal fibroblasts, showing heightened proliferative capacity and superior migration capabilities compared to the unmodified polymer. This copolymer might have the potential to be used in skin tissue engineering.


Assuntos
Acrilamida , Glucanos , Polímeros , Humanos , Acrilamida/química , Polimerização , Polímeros/química , Xilanos/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
15.
Nutrients ; 16(6)2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38542747

RESUMO

Acrylamide is a probable carcinogen. Its main sources are the diet and tobacco. The association between acrylamide intake from the diet and tobacco and prostate cancer (PCa) has not been previously evaluated. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between dietary acrylamide intake and exposure to acrylamide through cigarettes and PCa risk. A population-based case-control (CAPLIFE) study was conducted, including 428 incident PCa cases and 393 controls. Smoking and dietary information, with a validated food frequency questionnaire, was collected. We calculated the amount of acrylamide from both sources, and tertiles (Ts) were created. Multivariable logistic regression and restricted cubic spline models were applied to assess the association between exposure to acrylamide and PCa risk. The median was similar for acrylamide in both dietary and smoking acrylamide among PCa cases and controls. No association was observed between dietary acrylamide intake and overall PCa risk (adjusted ORT3vsT1 = 0.90 (95% CI 0.59, 1.37)). A risk trend was observed for acrylamide exposure from cigarette smoking (p-trend = 0.032), with the highest odds in those subjects with the high exposure to acrylamide through cigarettes (adjusted ORT3vsT1 = 1.67 (95% CI 0.92, 3.04)). The restricted cubic splines suggested a linear relationship. In conclusion, acrylamide from smoking could be positively associated with PCa risk, but no association was observed for dietary acrylamide.


Assuntos
Acrilamida , Neoplasias da Próstata , Masculino , Humanos , Acrilamida/toxicidade , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Próstata/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias da Próstata/epidemiologia , Ingestão de Alimentos , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fumar/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
16.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 254: 116221, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38513541

RESUMO

Antibiotics are widely used for treating bacterial infections. However, excessive or improper use of antibiotics can pose a serious threat to human health and water environments, and thus, developing cost-effective, portable and effective strategies to analyze and detect antibiotics is highly desired. Herein, we reported a responsive photonic hydrogel (RPH)-based optical biosensor (PPNAH) with superior recyclability for sensitive and colorimetric determination of a typical ß-lactam antibiotic penicillin G (PG) in water. This sensor was composed of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylamide) smart hydrogel with incorporated penicillinase and Fe3O4@SiO2 colloidal photonic crystals (CPCs). The sensor could translate PG concentration signals into changes in the diffraction wavelength and structural color of the hydrogel. It possessed high sensitivity and selectivity to PG and excellent detection performances for other two typical ß-lactam antibiotics. Most importantly, due to the unique thermosensitivity of the poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) moieties in the hydrogel, the PG-responded PPNAH sensor could be facilely regenerated via a simple physical method at least fifty times while without compromising its response performance. Besides, our sensor was suitable for monitoring the PG-contaminated environmental water and displayed satisfactory detection performances. Such a sensor possessed obvious advantages of superior recyclability, highly chemical stability, low production cost, easy fabrication, wide range of visual detection, simple and intuitive operation for PG detection, and environmental-friendliness, which holds great potential in sensitive and colorimetric detection of the PG residues in polluted water.


Assuntos
Acrilamidas , Resinas Acrílicas , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Hidrogéis , Humanos , Hidrogéis/química , Penicilinase , Acrilamida , Colorimetria , Dióxido de Silício , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Penicilina G , Antibacterianos/análise , Água
17.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 265(Pt 2): 131118, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38522685

RESUMO

Conductive hydrogels are widely used as sensors in wearable devices. However, hydrogels cannot endure harsh low-temperature environments. Herein, a new regulatory system based on natural ice-structuring proteins (ISPs) and cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) is introduced into hydrogel network consisting of chemically crosslinked network of copolymerized acrylamide and 2-acrylamide-2-methylpropanesulfonic acid, and physically crosslinked polyvinyl alcohol chains, affording an anti-freezing hydrogel with high conductivity (2.63 S/m). These hydrogels show excellent adhesion behavior to various matrices (including aluminum, glass, pigskin, and plastic). Their mechanical properties are significantly improved with the increase in CNF content (tensile strength of 106.4 kPa, elastic modulus of 133.8 kPa). In addition, ISPs inhibit the growth of ice. This endows the hydrogels with anti-freezing property and allows them to maintain satisfactory mechanical properties, conductivity and sensing properties below zero degrees. Moreover, this hydrogel shows high sensitivity to tensile and compressive deformation (GF = 5.07 at 600-800 % strain). Therefore, it can be utilized to develop strain-type pressure sensors that can be attached directly to human skin for detecting various body motions accurately, reliably, and stably. This study proposes a simple strategy to improve the anti-freezing property of hydrogels, which provides new insights for developing flexible hydrogel electronic devices for application in winter sports.


Assuntos
Nanofibras , Humanos , Acrilamida , Caspase 1 , Celulose , Condutividade Elétrica , Hidrogéis
18.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 187: 114623, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38554842

RESUMO

Acrylamide (ACR) is a known neurotoxicant and developmental neurotoxicant. As a soft electrophile, ACR reacts with thiol groups in cysteine. One hypothesis of ACR induced neurotoxicity and developmental neurotoxicity (DNT) is conjugation with reduced glutathione (GSH) leading to GSH depletion, increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and further oxidative stress and cellular damage. In this regard, we have investigated the effect of ACR on neuronal differentiation, glutathione levels and ROS production in the human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell model. After 9 days of differentiation and exposure, ACR significantly impaired area neurites per cell at non-cytotoxic concentrations (0.33 µM and 10 µM). Furthermore, 10 µM ACR dysregulated 9 mRNA markers important for neuronal development, 5 of them being associated with cytoskeleton organization and axonal guidance. At the non-cytotoxic concentrations that significantly attenuate neuronal differentiation, ACR did neither decrease the level of GSH or total glutathione levels, nor increased ROS production. In addition, the expression of 5 mRNA markers for cellular stress was assessed with no significant altered regulation after ACR exposure up to 320 µM. Thus, ACR-induced DNT is not due to GSH depletion and increased ROS production, neither at non-cytotoxic nor cytotoxic concentrations, in the SH-SH5Y model during differentiation.


Assuntos
Acrilamida , Neuroblastoma , Humanos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Acrilamida/toxicidade , Neuroblastoma/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Glutationa/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
19.
J Mater Chem B ; 12(15): 3741-3750, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38530281

RESUMO

Oncolytic virus ablation of tumor cells has the advantages of high tumor selectivity, strong immunogenicity, and low side effects. However, the recognition and clearance of oncolytic viruses by the immune system are the main factors limiting their anti-tumor efficiency. As a highly biosafe and highly modifiable oncolytic virus vector, acrylamide can improve the long-term circulation of oncolytic viruses. Still, it is limited in its uptake efficiency by tumor cells. Herein, we constructed an N-hydroxymethyl acrylamide-b-(N-3-aminopropyl methacrylamide)-b-DMC block copolymer (NMA-b-APMA-b-DMA, NAD) as an oncolytic virus carrier, which not only improves the long-term circulation of oncolytic viruses in the body but also shows excellent stability for loading an oncolytic virus. The data shows that there was no obvious difference in the transfection effect of the NAD/Ad complex with or without neutralizing antibodies in the medium, which meant that the cationic carrier mediated by NAD/Ad had good serum stability. Only 10 micrograms of NAD carrier are needed to load the oncolytic virus, which can increase the transfection efficiency by 50 times. Cell experiments and mouse animal experiments show that NAD vectors can significantly enhance the anti-tumor effect of oncolytic viruses. We hope that this work will promote the application of acrylamide as an oncolytic virus vector and provide new ideas for methods to modify acrylamide for biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Terapia Viral Oncolítica , Vírus Oncolíticos , Animais , Camundongos , Metionina , Acrilamida , Polímeros , NAD , Acrilamidas , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Racemetionina
20.
Sci Total Environ ; 926: 171587, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38490421

RESUMO

Polyacrylamide (PAM) possesses unique characteristics, including high water solubility, elevated viscosity and effective flocculation capabilities. These properties make it valuable in various sectors like agriculture, wastewater treatment, enhanced oil recovery, and mineral processing industries, contributing to a continually expanding market. Despite its widespread use globally, understanding its environmental fate at the soil-water interface remains limited. This article aims to provide an overview of the occurrence, degradation pathways, toxicity, and risks associated with PAM in the bioenvironment. The findings indicate that various degradation pathways of PAM may occur in the bioenvironment through mechanical, thermal, chemical, photocatalytic degradation, and/or biodegradation. Through a series of degradation processes, PAM initially transforms into oligomers and acrylamide (AM). Subsequently, AM may undergo biodegradation, converting into acrylic acid (AA) and other compounds such as ammonia. Notably, among these degradation intermediates, AM demonstrates high biodegradability, and the bioaccumulations of both AM and AA are not considered significant. Ensuring the sustainable use of PAM necessitates a comprehensive understanding among policymakers, scholars, and industry professionals regarding PAM, encompassing its properties, applications, degradation pathways, toxic effect on humans and the environment, and relevant regulations. Additionally, this study offers insights into future priority research directions, such as establishing of a reliable source-to-destination supply chain system, determining the maximum allowable amount for PAM in farmlands, and conducting long-term trials for the PAM-containing demolition residues.


Assuntos
Solo , Água , Humanos , Água/análise , Resinas Acrílicas/química , Acrilamida
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