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1.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 51(2): 85-91, 2021 Mar 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098700

RESUMO

A total of 223 pictures were included in Yangyi Daquan(,Complete Collection of Skin Diseases) , a surgical masterpiece work with the most abundant image classification extant before the Republic of China. They can be divided into seven categories: the philosophical basis of Chinese medicine and the theory of five evolutive phases and six climatic factors, the figures of visceral manifestation, the figures of acupuncture and acupoint, the figures of diagnosis, the figures of disease, the figures of needle and instrument, and the figures of symbol, from basic to clinical, covering today's otolaryngology, stomatology, gynecology, andrology, pediatrics, dermatology, anorectal, infection, oncology, emergency, which originally belong to the scope of Chinese medicine surgery. The book is extremely rich in images, it has high clinical and academic value.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Pontos de Acupuntura , Livros , Criança , China , Humanos , Taiwan
2.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(5): 426-30, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085468

RESUMO

Master DOU Han-qing is one famous acupuncturist in the Jin and Yuan Dynasties of China. In consideration of his newly neatened works DOU Taishi Zhenjing (Master DOU's Canon of Acupuncture,《》), Zhenjiu Jicheng (Compendium of Acupuncture and Moxibustion,《》) and Panshijin Zhici Michuan (Panshijin Secretly Bequeathed Techniques of Straight Needling,《》) which were not paid enough attention in the past, we make a systematic and comprehensive summary about his academic achievements in the present paper. There are six main aspects about Dou's academic achievements: blending the essence of sages' acupuncture theories and clinical experience, correcting predecessors' mistakes; innovating the needlingmethods; expanding the clinical applications of acupoints and paying attention to combination of meridian acupoints and extra-points in clinical practice; inheriting and developing acupuncture prescriptions in the Song Dynasty, creating new diagnostic and treatment modes; initiating needling techniques of various schools in the Ming Dynasty; and describing the contents of acupuncture and moxibustion in the form of odes. Moreover, we also put forward some of our enlightenments and considerations about DOU Han-qing's academic achievements.


Assuntos
Sucesso Acadêmico , Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Moxibustão , Pontos de Acupuntura , China
3.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(5): 439-44, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085470

RESUMO

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a kind of chronic mental disorder after severe traumatic events. In this paper, the author reviewed the development of clinical and mechanism research of acupuncture and moxibustion for treating PTSD in the past 5 years. Clinical studies have shown that acupuncture could alleviate the symptoms of PTSD, and is an effective therapy for PTSD. The underlying mechanisms may include regulating neural circuit, neurotransmitters and receptors expression, signal pathway, apoptosis, immune cytokines and endocannabinoid system, et al. It could provide scientific basis of acupuncture and moxibustion for treating PTSD, and provide references for further study.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Moxibustão , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Humanos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia
4.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(6): 608-12, 2021 Jun 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085476

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy of ZHU Lian's type-Ⅰ inhibition acupuncture combined with Zhuang medicinal thread moxibustion for acute herpes zoster (HZ), and explore the possible analgesic mechanism. METHODS: Sixty-six patients with acute HZ were randomly divided into an observation group (33 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (33 cases, 1 case dropped off). The patients in the control group were treated with valaciclovir hydrochloride tablets, mecobalamin tablets and vitamin B1 tablets for 14 days. The patients in the observation group were treated with ZHU Lian's type-Ⅰ inhibition acupuncture and Zhuang medicinal thread moxibustion. ZHU Lian's type-Ⅰ inhibition acupuncture was given at ashi points (around herpes site), Qimen (LR 14), Geshu (BL 17), Quchi (LI 11), Xuehai (SP 10) and Neiguan (PC 6); Zhuang medicinal thread moxibustion was given at Changzi point, Kuihua point, Xionglongji point, Zhuang medicine Jiaji points; both the treatment was given once every other day for 14 days. The symptom improvement (blister stopping time, scab forming time, scab removing time) in the two groups were observed. The pain visual analogue scale (VAS) score and serum levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, substance P (SP) in the two groups before and after treatment were compared. The clinical efficacy of the two groups and the recurrence rate of neuralgia 1, 2, 3 months after treatment were evaluated. RESULTS: The blister stopping time, scab forming time and scab removing time in the observation group were earlier than those in the control group (P<0.05). Compared before treatment, VAS scores and serum levels of IL-6, IL-8 and SP in the two groups were decreased after treatment (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). The total effective rate in the observation group was 96.9% (31/32), which was higher than 84.4% (27/32) in the control group (P<0.05). The recurrence rates of neuralgia 1, 2, 3 months after treatment in the observation group were 9.7%, 6.5%, 3.2%, which were lower than 29.6%, 22.2%, 14.8% in the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The ZHU Lian's type-Ⅰ inhibition acupuncture combined with Zhuang medicinal thread moxibustion have better analgesic effect and lower recurrence rate of neuralgia in patients with acute HZ, and this effect might be related to the reduction of serum IL-6, IL-8 and SP levels.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Herpes Zoster , Moxibustão , Pontos de Acupuntura , Herpes Zoster/terapia , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(6): 641-4, 2021 Jun 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085481

RESUMO

The characteristics of moxibustion of the representative successors of each acupuncture and moxibustion school were analyzed, and the application and inheritance of moxibustion in Bagui acupuncture and moxibustion school, Chengjiang acupuncture and moxibustion school, Lu 's acupuncture and moxibustion school and Golden Needle Plum Blossom acupuncture and moxibustion school were summarized. As a result, the Bagui acupuncture and moxibustion school innovated moxibustion treatment forms and moxibustionmethods, expanding moxibustion indications; the Chengjiang acupuncture and moxibustion school quantitatively popularized direct moxibustion, emphasizing the application of health-care moxibustion; the Lu 's acupuncture and moxibustion school enriched material-separated moxibustion and basic research of moxibustion methods, and proposed dog days moxibustion therapy; the Golden Needle Plum Blossom acupuncture and moxibustion school proposed the "heat syndrome can also be treated with moxibustion" and "visceral moxibustion method", and treated difficult diseases with moxibustion and innovated moxibustion tools.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Moxibustão , Prunus domestica , Instituições Acadêmicas
6.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(6): 659-62, 2021 Jun 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085484

RESUMO

ZHANG Ren, the chief physician, believes that diabetic retinopathy is located at eye and closely related to qi and yin. He proposes the treatment principle of this disease, i.e. combination of the primary and the secondary, in which, taking the eye as the treatment target and focusing on the symptoms. Acupuncture is provided for activating blood circulation and resolving stasis at the extra points, e.g. Xinming and Shangjianming, and also meridian points, e.g. Cuanzhu (BL 2) and Tongziliao (GB 1). The comprehensive application is emphasized with filiform needle, dermal needle and acupoint injection. Moreover, the mental and physical conditions are treated simultaneously to regulate emotions and the preventive idea is suggested on early treatment and persistent treatment.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Diabetes Mellitus , Retinopatia Diabética , Meridianos , Pontos de Acupuntura , Retinopatia Diabética/terapia , Emoções , Humanos , Masculino
7.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(6): 663-5, 2021 Jun 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085485

RESUMO

The concepts of acupuncture-moxibustion "academic school" "school of thought" and "school" are differentiated. It is believed that "academic school" is the general term of "school of thought" and "school". This paper puts forward a solution to the confusion of related concepts, disunity of formation conditions, disunity of divisionmethods and disunity of nomenclature. It is proposed that a great concentration should be put on the arrangement of acupuncture-moxibustion academic school and the regulation on related issues. Because of the complexity and diversity of the form and content of acupuncture-moxibustion schools, the division of them should not be so specified and the unification of related issues should not be so strictly required.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Moxibustão , Instituições Acadêmicas
8.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(6): 666-70, 2021 Jun 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085486

RESUMO

From "arrival of qi produces curative effect", it is considered that arrival of qi, qi reaching and acupuncture sensation cannot contain the effect attribute, location attribute and performance attribute of acupuncture at the same time, so it is necessary to find a more suitable standard to measure the arrival of qi and clinical curative effect. Inspired by "the arrival of qi should be reaction of spirit, and reaction of spirit produces curative effect", the authors propose to use the term "reaction of spirit" to summarize the numerous external manifestations of arrival of qi, and to coordinate the attributes of arrival of qi, qi reaching and acupuncture sensation. Academician SHI Xue-min guides the clinical treatment with "reaction of spirit produces curative effect", attaches importance to the spirit treatment to improve the clinical curative effect, and evaluates whether acupuncture is successful or not with "reaction of spirit".


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Pontos de Acupuntura , Qi , Sensação
9.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(6): 671-4, 2021 Jun 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085487

RESUMO

In the guidance of qijie (qi street, path of qi ) theory, the thought on diagnosis and treatment with acupuncture and moxibustion for facial spasm is analyzed. Qijie theory is a summary of the horizontal distribution rule of human body and the conclusion of the characteristics of function and indication in a certain area. In terms of spatial location and functional characteristics, facial spasm is related to "head qijie". In treatment with acupuncture and moxibustion, the local acupoints are predominated. Additionally, the distal acupoints are selected based on the characteristics of qijie in pathological condition, "qijie is unblocked even though the obstruction occurs in minor collateral"; and the acupoints for calming the mind are combined based on the relationship between head qijie and the brain function, aiming to regulating the body, qi and spirit. Regarding the techniques of acupuncture and moxibustion, align with the spatial location and hierarchical location of disease, the depth of filiform needle insertion and needling stimulation are specified and the palpation on the local meridians and acupoints are emphasized before acupuncture specially.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Meridianos , Moxibustão , Pontos de Acupuntura , Humanos , Espasmo
10.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(6): 677-81, 2021 Jun 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085488

RESUMO

Borrowing the open system interconnection (OSI) model of internet protocol and the 5W theory in communication studies, the links in the international communication of acupuncture-moxibustion can be classified into seven layers: physical layer, data link layer, network layer, transport layer, session layer, presentation layer and application layer, therefore it is built an OSI model of international communication system of acupuncture-moxibustion. It is pointed out that present international communication system of acupuncture-moxibustion is similar to the user datagram protocol (UDP) in internet technology. Evidence-based medicine (EBM) plays a key role to modernize acupuncture- moxibustion theory based upon its clinical effects. According to phenomenon-taking by classified analogy, it is found that the PICO model of EBM agrees pretty well with the "three-way handshakes" mechanism of the internet transmission control protocol (TCP), which is promising to construct an international discourse of acupuncture-moxibustion compatible with western medicine. Thus it will benefit to explore the scientific connotation of acupuncture-moxibustion theory and significantly improve the international prestige of acupuncture-moxibustion.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Moxibustão , Comunicação , Medicina Baseada em Evidências
11.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(6): 699-702, 2021 Jun 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085492

RESUMO

The potential effect mechanism of acupuncture for perimenopausal syndrome is analyzed and summarized from five aspects, i.e. the influence on reproductive endocrine system, the regulation on nervous system, the improvement of immune function, the intervention on free radical metabolism and the regulation of adverse emotions. It is believed the mechanism research of acupuncture in the treatment of perimenopausal syndrome should be deepened in terms of acupoint specificity and the influence of acupoint compatibility based on the characteristics of acupuncture therapy itself. In clinic, the research on therapeuticmethods and treatment frequency should be enhanced.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Pontos de Acupuntura , Emoções , Perimenopausa
12.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(4): 335-41, 2021 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33932001

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect characteristics and mechanism of acupuncture in autonomic nerve regulation through a comprehensive literature analysis. METHODS: CNKI and PubMed databases were searched for the studies on acupuncture in autonomic nerve regulation in the past 30 years, and Excel was used to perform a descriptive analysis of research subjects, intervention methods, intervention sites (acupoint selection), intervention parameters, and effect mechanism of acupuncture. RESULTS: A total of 202 studies were included, among which there were 51 clinical studies, mostly on the nervous system and the circulatory system; Neiguan (PC6), Zusanli (ST36), Fengchi (GB20), and Hegu (LI4) were the most frequently used acupoints, manual acupuncture was the most common intervention method, most of the acupoints selected were in the extremities, head, face, and neck, and heart rate variability was the main parameter for evaluation. Among the 151 animal experimental studies, there were many studies on the digestive system and the circulatory system; "Zusanli" (ST36), "Neiguan" (PC6), and "Shenmen" (HT7) were the most frequently used acupoints, electroacupuncture was the most common intervention method, most of the acupoints selected were in the extremities, and the main effect mechanism was to regulate the central vagus nerve activity and the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway (CAP). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture has a good effect on autonomic nerve regulation. The acupoints in extremities, head, and face are mainly used in studies. The main action pathways are central vagus nerve activity and CAP, as demonstrated in the animal experiments. Acupuncture has specific effect characteristics, which are closely associated with the acupoints, methods, and parameters of stimulation.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Eletroacupuntura , Pontos de Acupuntura , Vias Autônomas
13.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(4): 348-50, 2021 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33932003

RESUMO

Binding-fixation is the most commonly used method for acupuncture research in rats, but its resulted stronger stress response may affect the experimental outcomes. Hence, we developed a practical fixing device using the abandoned meshy cage covers, bolts, hooks, and loop fasteners. It includes two straps, two ropes, a small jacket with a self-locking Velcro strap and a meshy cage cover with a piece of fixed Velcro which may be placed on a rectangular storage box. Rats can be fixed in a recumbent position or a prone position. Outcomes showed that it is not only convenient and cheaper but also has a higher successful rate of fixation and a longer fixation time for completing an experiment.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Moxibustão , Animais , Ratos , Projetos de Pesquisa
14.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(5): 541-4, 2021 May 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002570

RESUMO

Professor SHAO Ming-xi 's experience in treatment of arthralgia in breast cancer is summarized. Professor SHAO believes that the dysfunction of liver, spleen and kidney is the primary and the invasion of the exogenous wind, cold and damp is the secondary in arthralgia in breast cancer. Emphasized on syndrome/pattern differentiation, this disorder is identified as 4 patterns, i.e. liver qi stagnation, blockage by phlegm and stasis, qi and blood deficiency and obstruction by wind, cold and damp. Acupuncture-moxibustion is applied to Hegu (LI 4), Taichong (LR 3) and Waiguan (TE 5). The supplementary acupoints are selected on the base of syndrome/pattern differentiation. Tuina is combined with acupuncture-moxibustion and the reinforcing and reducing techniques are used appropriately. Shaoyang meridian is specially considered, due to which, Waiguan (TE 5) and Zhongzhu (TE 3) of triple energizer meridian of hand-shaoyang and Yanglingquan (GB 34) and Zulinqi (GB 41) of gallbladder meridian of foot-shaoyang are combined. Additionally, it stresses the combination of the local and distal acupoints and the coordination of various therapies of TCM to achieve the better effect.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Neoplasias da Mama , Moxibustão , Pontos de Acupuntura , Artralgia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Humanos
15.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(5): 545-8, 2021 May 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002571

RESUMO

Cohort study has been greatly considered and widely used in clinical research of traditional Chinese medicine in China, but it is seldom applied in the field of acupuncture and moxibustion. This paper introduces the development background, basic concepts, advantages and limitations of cohort study, analyzes the existing problems in the evaluation of acupuncture and moxibustion curative effect and development status of cohort study in the cycle of acupuncture and moxibustion, explores the feasibility and value of such method in clinical research of acupuncture and moxibustion and proposes the methodological suggestions on rigorous design, control of selective bias, control of cohort migration and reduction of loss to follow-up, aiming at broadening the new ideas andmethods for clinical research of acupuncture and moxibustion.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Moxibustão , China , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
16.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(5): 549-52, 2021 May 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002572

RESUMO

This paper analyzes the development necessity of a series of international technical specification of acupuncture-moxibustion from three aspects, the development status of global Technical Specification of Acupuncture-Moxibustion, providing technical support for acupuncture-moxibustion legislation and assisting standardized acupuncture-moxibustion research. The necessity of giving priority to the development of WFAS's Technical Specification of Acupuncture-Moxibustion: General Rules of Drafting (General Rules for short) in the series of standards is discussed from filling the field gap and following the international practice. The key points should be paid attention to in the development process of General Rules are summarized,such as improving practicality based on international perspective, enhancing authority by following international rules, improving international applicability by forming a professional team and ensuring high quality and objective neutrality of the General Rules.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Moxibustão , Pontos de Acupuntura , Internacionalidade , Padrões de Referência
17.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(5): 570-4, 2021 May 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002576

RESUMO

Based on HUA Tuo's personal experience, teaching experience, works as well as ancient books of similar times, this paper discusses the origin and development of HUA Tuo's acupuncturing sensation technique, and analyzes the reasons why this technology has been lost. The formation of this technique is influenced by the descriptions of "regulating qi " "arrival of qi " and "reaching qi" in Neijing (Internal Canon of Medicine) and Nanjing, and combines with the clinical summary of conduction direction and specific position of acupuncturing sensation. Due to HUA Tuo's personal experience, the inheritance characteristics of acupuncture technology and the background of his times, this technology may have been lost, but it still affects the acupuncture concept and practice of "qi reaching affected area" in later generations.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Livros , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Qi , Sensação
18.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(5): 575-6, 2021 May 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002577

RESUMO

In Rethinking Chinese Acupuncture: A History of Ideas, in view of interpretation method and historical perspective, a part of traditional theory of acupuncture and moxibustion is reinterpreted on its concepts and connotations, which endows a fresh significance. By collecting the academic history of acupuncture and moxibustion, the emerging new techniques of acupuncture and moxibustion at home and abroad are summarized. It is suggested that understanding on acupuncture-moxibustion theory should be innovated and progressed with era for the exploration and the construction of novel system of modern acupuncture-moxibustion theory.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Moxibustão , China
19.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(3): 248-53, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798300

RESUMO

The concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is based on evidence-based medicine. By optimizing the treatment measures, the stress response of the body is reduced to meet the body's metabolic changes during the perioperative period, so as to achieve the purpose of accelerating recovery. In the perioperative period, acupuncture can relieve patients' preoperative anxiety, shorten fasting time, reduce the amount of anesthetics, protect organ function, reduce postoperative pain, reduce postoperative nausea and vomiting, and speed up postoperative recovery. The addition of acupuncture intervention in ERAS would provide newmethods and new ideas for the construction of ERAS. But at present, the application of acupuncture in ERAS has problems such as lacking of overall consideration and insufficient standardization, etc.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Recuperação Pós-Cirúrgica Melhorada , Pontos de Acupuntura , Humanos , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia
20.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(3): 237-41, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798302

RESUMO

This paper analyzes the severe challenges posed by the localization process in the internationalization of Chinese acupuncture and moxibustion to Chinese traditional acupuncture and moxibustion, and the ways to deal with the challenges. It is believed that the lack of deep understanding of the challenges in the process of internationalization of acupuncture and moxibustion is mainly due to the lack of knowledge structure of acupuncture and moxibustion, and the innovation of acupuncture and moxibustion teaching materials is the basis of effectively adjusting the knowledge structure. The direction of the reform of acupuncture and moxibustion teaching materials should separate the modern version of acupuncture and moxibustion that conforms to the nature of science and teach it in parallel with the traditional version of acupuncture and moxibustion. The development of modern acupuncture and moxibustion in line with the nature of science is not only an urgent need to meet the challenges of western acupuncture and moxibustion, but also an internal requirement for the development of acupuncture and moxibustion itself.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Moxibustão , Conhecimento , Ensino , Materiais de Ensino
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