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1.
Univ. salud ; 27(1): 1-10, enero-abril 2025.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1555921

RESUMO

Introducción: La calidad de vida relacionada con la salud (CVRS) y los estados de ánimo son indicadores cruciales del bienestar en adolescentes, pero su relación con estudiantes de Antioquia, Colombia, no ha sido ampliamente estudiada. Objetivo: Determinar la CVRS y los estados de ánimo en escolares de Antioquia-Colombia. Materiales y métodos: Estudio transversal con 1957 escolares de 9 a 20 años. Se aplicaron mediciones de CVRS, ansiedad, depresión, hostilidad y alegría, actividad física, comportamiento sedentario, apoyo social de padres y nivel socioeconómico. Resultados: La calidad de vida alta (CVA) es más elevada en hombres, personas con alegría, estudiantes con apoyo de padres, activos físicamente y personas de nivel socioeconómico alto y medio. AL aumentar un año de edad, disminuye en un 15 % la CVA, y al aumentar la depresión, la ansiedad y el comportamiento sedentario disminuye la CVA. Además, los niveles de depresión y ansiedad son mayores en mujeres, estudiantes mayores, sin apoyo de los padres y personas sedentarias. Conclusiones: La CVRS se asocia con estados de ánimo, actividad física, comportamiento sedentario y apoyo de los padres; mientras que los estados de ánimo se asocian con el sexo, el apoyo de los padres, la CVS y el sedentarismo.


Introduction: Even though health-related quality of life (HRQL) and mood states are key indicators of the well-being of adolescents, their relationship has not been analyzed in students from Antioquia, Colombia. Objective: To determine HRQL and mood states in schoolchildren from Antioquia. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1,957 schoolchildren and adolescents aged between 9 and 20 years. Measurements of HRQL, anxiety, depression, hostility and happiness, physical activity, sedentary behavior, parental social support, and socioeconomic status were applied. Results: A high quality of life (HQL) was observed more frequently in male participants, students with parental support, physically active, and those belonging to medium and high socioeconomic status. HQL decreased 15% as their age increased by one year. Also, HQL was reduced when depression, anxiety, and sedentary behavior increased. Furthermore, depression and anxiety levels were higher in women, older students, as well as in those without parental control and with sedentary behavior. Conclusions: HRQL is associated with mood states, physical activity, sedentary behavior, and parental support. In contrast, mood states are related to gender, parental support, HQL, and sedentary lifestyle.


Introdução: A qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde (CVRS) e os estados de humor são indicadores cruciais de bem-estar em adolescentes, mas sua relação com estudantes de Antioquia, Colômbia, não foi amplamente estudada. Objetivo: Determinar a CVRS e os estados de humor em escolares de Antioquia-Colômbia. Materiais e métodos: Estudo transversal com 1.957 escolares de 9 a 20 anos. Foram aplicadas medidas de QVRS, ansiedade, depressão, hostilidade e felicidade, atividade física, comportamento sedentário, apoio social dos pais e nível socioeconômico. Resultados: A alta qualidade de vida (CVA) é maior em homens, pessoas com alegria, estudantes com apoio parental, fisicamente ativos e pessoas de nível socioeconômico alto e médio. À medida que a idade aumenta em um ano, diminui em 15% o CVA, e ao aumentar a depressão, a ansiedade e o comportamento sedentário aumentam, o CVA diminui. Além disso, os níveis de depressão e ansiedade são mais elevados nas mulheres, nos estudantes mais velhos, sem apoio dos pais e nas pessoas sedentárias. Conclusões: A QVRS está associada a estados de humor, atividade física, comportamento sedentário e apoio parental; enquanto os estados de humor estão associados ao sexo, apoio parental, CVS e estilo de vida sedentário.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Saúde , Emoções , Felicidade , Hostilidade
2.
Siglo cero (Madr.) ; 54(4): 65-83, oct.-dic. 2024.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-EMG-559

RESUMO

La falta de información sobre el uso de la tecnología en niños con trastorno del espectro autista (TEA) de diferentes perfiles puede dificultar que docentes y alumnos se estén beneficiando del apoyo tecnológico más eficaz y ajustado a sus necesidades. El objetivo de esta revisión fue analizar y sintetizar la evidencia científica sobre la eficacia de los recursos tecnológicos en la mejora de la comprensión emocional de estudiantes con TEA con perfiles de alto y bajo funcionamiento. Para ello se realizó una revisión sistemática de las publicaciones científicas indexadas en algunas de las bases de datos de mayor relevancia siguiendo los criterios establecidos en la declaración PRISMA. En total se analizaron 38 artículos que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión preestablecidos. Los resultados muestran la importancia de diseñar sistemas versátiles que puedan personalizarse y adaptarse en tiempo real y en contextos naturales con un enfoque claramente inclusivo. Pero también sugieren que la tecnología puede no ser una herramienta de intervención complementaria adecuada para todos los niños con TEA. Lo que subraya la necesidad de ensayos adicionales bien controlados sobre las características que permitan identificar qué estudiantes podrían o no beneficiarse de diferentes modalidades de tecnología. (AU)


The lack of information on the use of technology in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) of different profiles can make it difficult for teachers and students to benefit from the most effective technology support tailored to their needs. The aim of this review was to analyze and synthesize scientific evidence on the effectiveness of technological resources in improving the emotional understanding of students with high and low functioning ASD profiles. A systematic review of the scientific publications indexed in some of the most relevant databases was carried out following the criteria established in the PRISMA declaration. A total of 38 articles that met the pre-established inclusion criteria were analyzed. The results show the importance of designing versatile systems that can be customized and adapted in real time and in natural contexts with a clearly inclusive approach. But they also suggest that technology may not be an appropriate complementary intervention tool for all children with ASD. This underlines the need for additional well-controlled tests on the characteristics that would allow identifying which students might or might not benefit from different technology modalities. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Tecnologia Educacional , Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Transtorno Autístico
3.
Siglo cero (Madr.) ; 54(4): 65-83, oct.-dic. 2024.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-229229

RESUMO

La falta de información sobre el uso de la tecnología en niños con trastorno del espectro autista (TEA) de diferentes perfiles puede dificultar que docentes y alumnos se estén beneficiando del apoyo tecnológico más eficaz y ajustado a sus necesidades. El objetivo de esta revisión fue analizar y sintetizar la evidencia científica sobre la eficacia de los recursos tecnológicos en la mejora de la comprensión emocional de estudiantes con TEA con perfiles de alto y bajo funcionamiento. Para ello se realizó una revisión sistemática de las publicaciones científicas indexadas en algunas de las bases de datos de mayor relevancia siguiendo los criterios establecidos en la declaración PRISMA. En total se analizaron 38 artículos que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión preestablecidos. Los resultados muestran la importancia de diseñar sistemas versátiles que puedan personalizarse y adaptarse en tiempo real y en contextos naturales con un enfoque claramente inclusivo. Pero también sugieren que la tecnología puede no ser una herramienta de intervención complementaria adecuada para todos los niños con TEA. Lo que subraya la necesidad de ensayos adicionales bien controlados sobre las características que permitan identificar qué estudiantes podrían o no beneficiarse de diferentes modalidades de tecnología. (AU)


The lack of information on the use of technology in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) of different profiles can make it difficult for teachers and students to benefit from the most effective technology support tailored to their needs. The aim of this review was to analyze and synthesize scientific evidence on the effectiveness of technological resources in improving the emotional understanding of students with high and low functioning ASD profiles. A systematic review of the scientific publications indexed in some of the most relevant databases was carried out following the criteria established in the PRISMA declaration. A total of 38 articles that met the pre-established inclusion criteria were analyzed. The results show the importance of designing versatile systems that can be customized and adapted in real time and in natural contexts with a clearly inclusive approach. But they also suggest that technology may not be an appropriate complementary intervention tool for all children with ASD. This underlines the need for additional well-controlled tests on the characteristics that would allow identifying which students might or might not benefit from different technology modalities. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Tecnologia Educacional , Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Transtorno Autístico
4.
An. psicol ; 40(2): 236-241, May-Sep, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-232718

RESUMO

La adicción digital, que se determina como un problema común entre los adolescentes en los últimos años, afecta negativamente la vida de los adolescentes en muchos aspectos. El objetivo del estudio es examinar las relaciones entre la adicción digital, la soledad, la timidez y la ansiedad social de los adolescentes. Gate se reunió con adolescentes que completaron la Escala de adicción digital, la versión corta de la Escala de soledad de UCLA, la Escala de timidez y la Escala de gravedad del trastorno de ansiedad social DSM-5 - Formulario infantil. Las hipótesis sugeridas se han probado utilizando los datos recopilados de 991 adolescentes y un análisis de regresión jerárquica. Los resultados de la investigación encontraron una relación positiva y significativa entre la adicción digital, la soledad, la timidez y la ansiedad social entre los adolescentes. Además, los hallazgos muestran que la adicción digital, la soledad y la timidez predicen la ansiedad social. Los resultados obtenidos demuestran que la adicción digital, la soledad y la timidez tienen efecto sobre la ansiedad social. Según los hallazgos, se sugiere aplicar diversas intervenciones educativas por parte de profesionales de la salud mental a adolescentes que presenten signos de adicción digital, soledad, timidez y ansiedad social.(AU)


Digital addiction, which is determined as a common problem among adolescents in the last years, affects the lives of adolescents nega-tively in terms of many aspects. The aim of the study is to examine the re-lationships between adolescents' digital addiction, loneliness, shyness and social anxiety. Gate gathered from adolescents who completed Digital Ad-diction Scale, Short Form of UCLA Loneliness Scale, Shyness Scale, and DSM-5 Social Anxiety Disorder Severity Scale -Child Form. The suggest-ed hypotheses have been tested using the data gathered from 991 adoles-cents and hierarchical regression analysis. The research findings found a positive and significant relationship between digital addiction, loneliness, shyness and social anxiety among adolescents. Furthermore, the findings show that digital addiction, loneliness, and shyness predict social anxiety. The results obtained prove that digital addiction, loneliness and shyness have an effect on social anxiety. According to the findings, it is suggested to applyvarious educational interventions by mental health professionals to adolescents who show signs of digital addiction, loneliness, shyness, and social anxiety.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Solidão , Timidez , /psicologia , Ansiedade
5.
An. psicol ; 40(2): 272-279, May-Sep, 2024. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-232721

RESUMO

Introduction: The scientific evidence regarding the effects of online social media use on the well-being of adolescents is mixed. In gen-eral, passive uses (receiving, viewing content without interacting) and more screen time are related to lower well-being when compared with active uses (direct interactions and interpersonal exchanges). Objectives:This study ex-amines the types and motives for social media usage amongst adolescents, differentiating them by gender identity and sexual orientation, as well as its effects on eudaimonic well-being and minority stress. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 1259 adolescents, aged 14 to 19 (M= 16.19; SD= 1.08), analysing the Scale of Motives for Using Social Net-working Sites, eudaimonic well-being, the Sexual Minority Adolescent Stress Inventory, screen time and profile type. Results:The results found that longer use time is related to finding partners, social connection and friendships; that gay and bisexual (GB) adolescents perceive more distal stressors online;and that females have higher levels of well-being. Discus-sion: The public profiles of GB males increase self-expression, although minority stress can be related to discrimination, rejection or exclusion. Dif-ferentiated socialization may contribute to a higher level of well-being in females, with both active and passive uses positively effecting eudaimonic well-being in adolescents.(AU)


Introduction: The scientific evidence regarding the effects of online social media use on the well-being of adolescents is mixed. In general, passive uses (receiving, viewing content without interacting) and more screen time are related to lower well-being when compared with active uses (direct interactions and interpersonal exchanges). Objectives: This study examines the types and motives for social media usage amongst adolescents, differentiating them by gender identity and sexual orientation, as well as its effects on eudaimonic well-being and minority stress. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 1259 adolescents, aged 14 to 19 (M = 16.19; SD = 1.08), analysing the Scale of Motives for Using Social Networking Sites, eudaimonic well-being, the Sexual Minority Adolescent Stress Inventory, screen time and profile type. Results: The results found that longer use time is related to finding partners, social connection and friendships; that gay and bisexual (GB) adolescents perceive more distal stressors online; and that females have higher levels of well-being. Discussion: The public profiles of GB males increase self-expression, although minority stress can be related to discrimination, rejection or exclusion. Differentiated socialization may contribute to a higher level of well-being in females, with both active and passive uses positively effecting eudaimonic well-being in adolescents.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Redes Sociais Online , Mídias Sociais , Saúde do Adolescente , Psicologia do Adolescente , Motivação
6.
J. optom. (Internet) ; 17(3): [100491], jul.-sept2024. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231873

RESUMO

Background and objectives: The invention described herein is a prototype based on computer vision technology that measures depth perception and is intended for the early examination of stereopsis. Materials and methods: The prototype (software and hardware) is a depth perception measurement system that consists on: (a) a screen showing stereoscopic models with a guide point that the subject must point to; (b) a camera capturing the distance between the screen and the subject's finger; and (c) a unit for recording, processing and storing the captured measurements. For test validation, the reproducibility and reliability of the platform were calculated by comparing results with standard stereoscopic tests. A demographic study of depth perception by subgroup analysis is shown. Subjective comparison of the different tests was carried out by means of a satisfaction survey. Results: We included 94 subjects, 25 children and 69 adults, with a mean age of 34.2 ± 18.9 years; 36.2 % were men and 63.8 % were women. The DALE3D platform obtained good repeatability with an interclass correlation coefficient (ICC) between 0.94 and 0.87, and coefficient of variation (CV) between 0.1 and 0.26. Threshold determining optimal and suboptimal results was calculated for Randot and DALE3D test. Spearman's correlation coefficient, between thresholds was not statistically significant (p value > 0.05). The test was considered more visually appealing and easier to use by the participants (90 % maximum score). Conclusions: The DALE3D platform is a potentially useful tool for measuring depth perception with optimal reproducibility rates. Its innovative design makes it a more intuitive tool for children than current stereoscopic tests. Nevertheless, further studies will be needed to assess whether the depth perception measured by the DALE3D platform is a sufficiently reliable parameter to assess stereopsis.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Visão Binocular , Percepção de Profundidade , Visão Ocular , Testes Visuais
7.
J. optom. (Internet) ; 17(3): [100514], jul.-sept2024. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231876

RESUMO

Purpose: To analyze binocular vision of individuals aged 18 to 35 years diagnosed with keratoconus, utilizing spectacles and rigid gas-permeable (RGP) contact lenses. Research was led by the Universidad Autónoma de Aguascalientes, México and Fundación Universitaria del Área Andina Pereira, Colombia. Methods: A single center, prospective non-randomized, comparative, interventional, open-label study, in which the differences in binocular vision performance with both spectacles and RGP contact lenses was carried out from December 2018 to December 2019. Sampling was performed according to consecutive cases with keratoconus that met the inclusion criteria until the proposed sample size was reached. Results: Rigid gas-permeable (RGP) contact lenses notably enhanced distance and near visual acuity in keratoconus patients compared to spectacles. Visual alignment analysis shows exophoria at both distances and is slightly higher with RGP contact lenses. The difference was statistically significant (p<0.05), with 82.5 % presenting compensated phoria with spectacles and pnly 42.50% with RGP contact lenses. Stereoscopic vision improved while wearing RGP contact lenses (42.59 %), although accommodation and accommodative flexibility remained within normal ranges. Conclusions: Patients with keratoconus fitted with RGP contact lenses have improved binocular vision skills such as visual acuity, stereopsis, and accommodative flexibility. However, even when the vergence and motor system is decompensated with respect to normal ranges, the range between break and recovery points for both fusional reserves and the near point of convergence (NPC) improves with the use of RGP contact lenses, giving indications of an adaptive condition of the motor system from the medium to the long term.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Ceratocone , Óculos , Lentes de Contato , Visão Binocular , Testes Visuais , Colômbia , México , Oftalmologia , Estudos Prospectivos
8.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 82(5): 1-10, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843846

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of Hansen disease (HD) can be difficult when acid-fast bacilli are not detected in the patient's skin sample. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that detailed morphological analysis of nonspecific inflammatory and/or noninflammatory alterations in dermal nerves as well as skin adnexa in leprosy-suspected biopsy samples could improve the efficacy of histopathological diagnosis. METHODS: Patients with one to five skin lesions were enrolled in the study and classified into three groups by skin histopathology findings: Hansen disease (HD, n = 13), other diseases (OD, n = 11), and inconclusive cases (INC, n = 11). We quantified dermal nerve damage via the nerve lesion index (NLI) and PGP9.5-immunoreactive axon quantitative index in dermal nerves (AQI). We also measured inflammatory involvement of adnexa in cutaneous samples as indirect evidence of HD. RESULTS: We observed a higher median endoneurial inflammatory infiltrate NLI (HD = 0.5; INC = 0; OD = 0; p < 0.001) and more frequent inflammatory involvement of skin adnexa in samples of the HD group compared with those of the INC and OD groups (HD = 7; INC = 1; OD = 0). However, samples from the INC and OD groups also showed inflammatory and noninflammatory damage of dermal nerves, with 2 or more kinds of alterations in nerves in the same sample (respectively: INC = in 1 and 2 samples; OD = in 3 and 5 respectively). The quantification of PGP9.5-immunoreactive axons in dermal nerves revealed no difference between the groups. CONCLUSION: A detailed morphological analysis of cutaneous nerves in lesions with a suspicion of HD enabled us to select patients with nonspecific inflammatory or non-inflammatory lesions in the dermal nerves in the INC and OD groups, so they may be clinically monitored aiming at a possible future diagnosis of the disease. These INC and OD patients cannot have the HD diagnosis definitely excluded, and HD may coexist with another disease as a comorbidity.


ANTECEDENTES: A hanseníase pode ter o seu diagnóstico histopatológico dificultado quando bacilos álcool-ácido resistentes não são encontrados nas amostras de pele dos pacientes. OBJETIVO: Demonstrar que uma análise morfológica detalhada de alterações histopatológicas dos nervos dérmicos pode aumentar a eficácia diagnóstica. MéTODOS: Foram selecionadas amostras de pele de pacientes com uma a cinco lesões suspeitas de hanseníase. Os casos selecionados foram classificados conforme achados histopatológicos: hanseníase (HD, n = 13), casos inconclusivos (INC, n = 11), e outras doenças (OD, n = 11). Quantificamos as lesões dos nervos cutâneos por meio do índice de lesão de nervos (nerve lesion index, NLI, em inglês) e do índice quantitativo de axônios (axon quantitative index, AQI, em inglês) imunorreativos a PGP9.5 nos nervos cutâneos. Também medimos o envolvimento inflamatório dos anexos em amostras de pele como evidência indireta de hanseníase. RESULTADOS: Foram observadas no grupo HD medianas mais altas do NLI com relação a infiltrados inflamatórios endoneurais (HD = 0,5; INC = 0; OD = 0; p < 0,001) e mais alta frequência de acometimento inflamatório de anexos cutâneos (HD = 7; INC = 1; OD = 0). Entretanto, as amostras dos grupos INC e OD também mostraram comprometimento inflamatório e não inflamatório dos nervos cutâneos, com 2 ou mais tipos de alterações de nervos na mesma amostra (respectivamente: INC = 1 e 2; OD = 3 e 5). Não houve diferença significativa na quantidade de axônios endoneurais imunorreativos a PGP9.5 entre os grupos. CONCLUSãO: A análise morfológica detalhada dos nervos cutâneos em lesões suspeitas de hanseníase permitiu selecionar pacientes com lesões inespecíficas inflamatórias ou não inflamatórias nos nervos dérmicos nos grupos INC e OD, para que sejam monitorados clinicamente visando um possível diagnóstico futuro da doença. Esses pacientes INC e OD não podem ter o diagnóstico de HD definitivamente excluído, e a hanseníase pode coexistir com outra doença como uma comorbidade.


Assuntos
Imuno-Histoquímica , Hanseníase , Pele , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Hanseníase/patologia , Hanseníase/complicações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Pele/inervação , Pele/patologia , Biópsia , Idoso , Adulto Jovem , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/análise , Adolescente , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
9.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 41(1): 2345382, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843894

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The objective was to describe the technique and clinical outcome of microwave thermal ablation (MWA) and perfusion combined with synthetic bone substitutes in treating unicameral bone cysts (UBCs) in adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 14 consecutive patients were enrolled by percutaneous MWA and saline irrigation combined with synthetic bone substitutes. Clinical follow-up included the assessment of pain, swelling, and functional mobility. Radiological parameters included tumor volume, physis-cyst distance, cortical thickness of the thinnest cortical bone, and the Modified Neer classification system. RESULTS: The mean follow-up was 28.9 months (26-52 months). All UBCs were primary, and all patients underwent the MWA, saline perfusion, and reconstruction combined with a synthetic bone substitute session, except for one patient (7.1%) who required a second session. All patients had good clinical results at the final follow-up. Satisfactory cyst healing was achieved in 13 cases according to radiological parameters. Tumor volume decreased from a mean of 49.7 cm3 before surgery treatment to 13.9 cm3 at the final follow-up (p < 0.01). The physis-cyst distance increased from a mean of 3.17-4.83 cm at the final follow-up (p < 0.01). Cortical thickness improved from a mean of 1.1 mm to 2.0 mm at the final follow-up (p < 0.01). According to the proposed radiological criteria, our results were considered successful (Grading I and II) in 13 patients (92.9%) at the final follow-up. CONCLUSION: Percutaneous microwave ablation combined with a bone graft substitute is a minimally invasive, effective, safe, and cost-effective approach to treating primary bone cysts in the limbs of adolescents.


Assuntos
Cistos Ósseos , Substitutos Ósseos , Micro-Ondas , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Cistos Ósseos/cirurgia , Cistos Ósseos/diagnóstico por imagem , Substitutos Ósseos/uso terapêutico , Micro-Ondas/uso terapêutico , Seguimentos , Criança , Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica/métodos , Adulto Jovem , Técnicas de Ablação/métodos
12.
Arch Dermatol Res ; 316(6): 333, 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844593

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stiff skin syndrome (SSS) is a rare disease characterized by thickened, indurated skin and limited joint movement. Multiple diverse phenotypes have been reported, and the correlation of severity with the clinical heterogeneity and histopathological findings of SSS needs to be refined. OBJECTIVE: To define subtypes based on clinical features and predict the prognosis of a new SSS classification. METHODS: Eighty-three patients with SSS were retrospectively reviewed for clinicopathological manifestations and routine laboratory workup, including 59 cases obtained from a PubMed search between 1971 and 2022 and 24 cases diagnosed in our department between 2003 and 2022. RESULTS: Among the 83 patients, 27.7, 41, and 31.3% had classic widespread, generalized segmental, and localized SSS, respectively. Joint immobility was present in 100, 71, and 20% of classic, generalized, and localized cases, respectively. Histopathologic findings were common among the 3 groups, and based on that, we further found a difference in the distribution of proliferative collagen. 54.5% of classic and 50% of generalized cases occurred throughout the dermis or the subcutis, whereas 76% of localized cases were mainly involved in the reticular dermis or subcutis. In patients with incipient localized SSS, 42% (21/50) developed generalized SSS, and only 6% (3/50) progressed to classic SSS, whereas more than half of the incipient generalized SSS cases (60.6%, 20/33) developed classic SSS. LIMITATIONS: This retrospective study was limited to previously published cases with limited data. CONCLUSIONS: We propose a distinct clinical classification characterized by lesion distribution, including classic widespread, generalized segmental, and localized SSS, associated with disease severity and prognosis.


Assuntos
Pele , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adolescente , Pele/patologia , Adulto Jovem , Criança , Prognóstico , Dermatopatias Genéticas/diagnóstico , Dermatopatias Genéticas/classificação , Dermatopatias Genéticas/patologia , Idoso , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Pré-Escolar , Colágeno/metabolismo , Contratura
13.
Pediatr Transplant ; 28(5): e14801, 2024 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38845603

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Approximately 2500 pediatric patients are awaiting kidney transplantation in the United States, with <5% comprising those ≤15 kg. Transplant in this cohort is often delayed by center-based growth parameters, often necessitating transplantation after the initiation of dialysis. Furthermore, prognostication remains somewhat ambiguous. In this report, we scrutinize the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN) data from 2001 to 2021 to help better understand specific variables impacting graft and patient outcomes in these children. METHODS: The OPTN kidney transplant dataset from 2001 to 2021 was analyzed. Inclusion criteria included age <18 years, weight ≤15 kg, and recipient of primary living donor kidney transplantation (LDKT) or deceased donor kidney transplantation (DDKT). Patient and graft survival probabilities were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to calculate hazard ratio (HR) and identify variables significantly associated with patient and graft survival. RESULTS: Two thousand one hundred sixty-eight pediatric transplant recipients met inclusion criteria. Patient survival at 1 and 3 years was 98% and 97%, respectively. Graft survival at 1 and 3 years was 95% and 92%, respectively. Dialysis was the sole significant variable impacting both patient and graft survival. Graft survival was further impacted by transplant era, recipient gender and ethnicity, and donor type. Infants transplanted at Age 1 had better graft survival compared with older children, and nephrotic syndrome was likewise associated with a better prognosis. CONCLUSION: Pediatric kidney transplantation is highly successful. The balance between preemptive transplantation, medical optimization, and satisfactory technical parameters seems to suggest a "Goldilocks zone" for many children, favoring transplantation between 1 and 2 years of age.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Factuais , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Transplante de Rim , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos , Humanos , Criança , Feminino , Masculino , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos/métodos , Pré-Escolar , Adolescente , Prognóstico , Lactente , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/cirurgia , Peso Corporal , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Recém-Nascido
15.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 40(2): 135-142, 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847027

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the application value of combining the Demirjian's method with machine learning algorithms for dental age estimation in northern Chinese Han children and adolescents. METHODS: Oral panoramic images of 10 256 Han individuals aged 5 to 24 years in northern China were collected. The development of eight permanent teeth in the left mandibular was classified into different stages using the Demirjian's method. Various machine learning algorithms, including support vector regression (SVR), gradient boosting regression (GBR), linear regression (LR), random forest regression (RFR), and decision tree regression (DTR) were employed. Age estimation models were constructed based on total, female, and male samples respectively using these algorithms. The fitting performance of different machine learning algorithms in these three groups was evaluated. RESULTS: SVR demonstrated superior estimation efficiency among all machine learning models in both total and female samples, while GBR showed the best performance in male samples. The mean absolute error (MAE) of the optimal age estimation model was 1.246 3, 1.281 8 and 1.153 8 years in the total, female and male samples, respectively. The optimal age estimation model exhibited varying levels of accuracy across different age ranges, which provided relatively accurate age estimations in individuals under 18 years old. CONCLUSIONS: The machine learning model developed in this study exhibits good age estimation efficiency in northern Chinese Han children and adolescents. However, its performance is not ideal when applied to adult population. To improve the accuracy in age estimation, the other variables can be considered.


Assuntos
Determinação da Idade pelos Dentes , Algoritmos , Povo Asiático , Aprendizado de Máquina , Radiografia Panorâmica , Humanos , Adolescente , Criança , Masculino , Feminino , Determinação da Idade pelos Dentes/métodos , Radiografia Panorâmica/métodos , China/etnologia , Pré-Escolar , Adulto Jovem , Mandíbula , Dente/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte , Árvores de Decisões , Etnicidade , População do Leste Asiático
17.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 40(2): 143-148, 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847028

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To estimate adolescents and children age using stepwise regression and machine learning methods based on the pulp and tooth volumes of the left maxillary central incisor and cuspid on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images, and to compare and analyze the estimation results. METHODS: A total of 498 Shanghai Han adolescents and children CBCT images of the oral and maxillofacial regions were collected. The pulp and tooth volumes of the left maxillary central incisor and cuspid were measured and calculated. Three machine learning algorithms (K-nearest neighbor, ridge regression, and decision tree) and stepwise regression were used to establish four age estimation models. The coefficient of determination, mean error, root mean square error, mean square error and mean absolute error were computed and compared. A correlation heatmap was drawn to visualize and the monotonic relationship between parameters was visually analyzed. RESULTS: The K-nearest neighbor model (R2=0.779) and the ridge regression model (R2=0.729) outperformed stepwise regression (R2=0.617), while the decision tree model (R2=0.494) showed poor fitting. The correlation heatmap demonstrated a monotonically negative correlation between age and the parameters including pulp volume, the ratio of pulp volume to hard tissue volume, and the ratio of pulp volume to tooth volume. CONCLUSIONS: Pulp volume and pulp volume proportion are closely related to age. The application of CBCT-based machine learning methods can provide more accurate age estimation results, which lays a foundation for further CBCT-based deep learning dental age estimation research.


Assuntos
Determinação da Idade pelos Dentes , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Polpa Dentária , Aprendizado de Máquina , Humanos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Adolescente , Criança , Determinação da Idade pelos Dentes/métodos , Polpa Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente/diagnóstico por imagem , China , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Incisivo/anatomia & histologia , Feminino , Masculino , Algoritmos
18.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 40(2): 149-153, 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847029

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the age-related changes of the mandibular third molar root pulp visibility in individuals in East China, and to explore the feasibility of applying this method to determine whether an individual is 18 years or older. METHODS: A total of 1 280 oral panoramic images were collected from the 15-30 years old East China population, and the mandibular third molar root pulp visibility in all oral panoramic images was evaluated using OLZE 0-3 four-stage method, and the age distribution of the samples at each stage was analyzed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: Stages 0, 1, 2 and 3 first appeared in 16.88, 19.18, 21.91 and 25.44 years for males and in 17.47, 20.91, 22.01 and 26.01 years for females. In all samples, individuals at stages 1 to 3 were over 18 years old. CONCLUSIONS: It is feasible to determine whether an individual in East China is 18 years or older based on the mandibular third molar root pulp visibility on oral panoramic images.


Assuntos
Determinação da Idade pelos Dentes , Polpa Dentária , Dente Serotino , Radiografia Panorâmica , Raiz Dentária , Humanos , Dente Serotino/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Adolescente , Feminino , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , China , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Determinação da Idade pelos Dentes/métodos , Polpa Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Odontologia Legal/métodos , Fatores Etários
20.
Swiss Dent J ; 134(3)2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847056

RESUMO

Odontome gelten zusammen mit den Amelo- blastomen als die häufigsten odontogenen Tumoren. Sie entstehen während der embryo- nalen Zahnkeimentwicklung durch fehlerhaft differenziertes Keimgewebe und werden daher auch als Hamartome bezeichnet. Somit sind sie also strenggenommen keine klassischen Neoplasien.


Assuntos
Odontoma , Humanos , Odontoma/cirurgia , Odontoma/diagnóstico , Odontoma/patologia , Adolescente , Neoplasias Mandibulares/cirurgia , Neoplasias Mandibulares/patologia , Neoplasias Mandibulares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Maxilares/cirurgia , Neoplasias Maxilares/patologia , Neoplasias Maxilares/diagnóstico , Masculino , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino
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