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1.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 147: 382-391, 2025 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39003056

RESUMO

Arsenic-related oxidative stress and resultant diseases have attracted global concern, while longitudinal studies are scarce. To assess the relationship between arsenic exposure and systemic oxidative damage, we performed two repeated measures among 5236 observations (4067 participants) in the Wuhan-Zhuhai cohort at the baseline and follow-up after 3 years. Urinary total arsenic, biomarkers of DNA oxidative damage (8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG)), lipid peroxidation (8-isoprostaglandin F2alpha (8-isoPGF2α)), and protein oxidative damage (protein carbonyls (PCO)) were detected for all observations. Here we used linear mixed models to estimate the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between arsenic exposure and oxidative damage. Exposure-response curves were constructed by utilizing the generalized additive mixed models with thin plate regressions. After adjusting for potential confounders, arsenic level was significantly and positively related to the levels of global oxidative damage and their annual increased rates in dose-response manners. In cross-sectional analyses, each 1% increase in arsenic level was associated with a 0.406% (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.379% to 0.433%), 0.360% (0.301% to 0.420%), and 0.079% (0.055% to 0.103%) increase in 8-isoPGF2α, 8-OHdG, and PCO, respectively. More importantly, arsenic was further found to be associated with increased annual change rates of 8-isoPGF2α (ß: 0.147; 95% CI: 0.130 to 0.164), 8-OHdG (0.155; 0.118 to 0.192), and PCO (0.050; 0.035 to 0.064) in the longitudinal analyses. Our study suggested that arsenic exposure was not only positively related with global oxidative damage to lipid, DNA, and protein in cross-sectional analyses, but also associated with annual increased rates of these biomarkers in dose-dependent manners.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Exposição Ambiental , Estresse Oxidativo , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , 8-Hidroxi-2'-Desoxiguanosina , Arsênio/toxicidade , Biomarcadores/urina , China , Estudos Transversais , Dano ao DNA , População do Leste Asiático , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Estudos Longitudinais , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 25(43): 17-23, jun.2024.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, UNISALUD, InstitutionalDB, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1561178

RESUMO

Determinar el nivel de conocimiento de los estudiantes de enfermería de la Universidad Técnica de Ambato sobre la desinfección terminal del área quirúrgica. Metodología: Esta investigación es cuantitativa, con enfoque descriptivo de cohorte transversal ya que el nivel de conocimiento se ha representado mediante tablas y gráficos para describir la problemática del periodo octubre 2023-febrero 2024. Resultados: Se evidencia el alto porcentaje de respuestas incorrectas por cada ítem por parte de los estudiantes. La categoría desinfección fue respondida de manera incorrecta con un porcentaje del 26%, la categoría proceso de desinfección con el 55,6%, la categoría aplicación del DAN con el 45.8%, la categoría desinfectante del DAN con el 36,2% y, por último, la categoría riesgo y prevención del DAN con el 29,2%. Conclusiones: El nivel de conocimiento de los estudiantes sobre desinfección es bajo, porque no están lo suficientemente motivados o interesados en el tema de desinfección[AU]


Determine the level of knowledge of nursing students at the Technical University of Ambato about terminal disinfection of the surgical area.Methodology:This research is quantitative, with a descriptive cross-sectional cohort approach and the level of knowledge has been represented through tables and graphs to describe the problems of the period October 2023-February 2024.Results:A high percentage of incorrect answers for each item by the students is evident. The disinfection category was answered incorrectly with a percentage of 26%, the disinfection process category with 55.6%, the DAN application category with 45.8%, the disinfectant category with 36.2% and, finally, the DAN risk and prevention category. with 29.2%. Conclusions:The level of knowledge of students about disinfection is low, because they are not sufficiently motivated or interested in the topic of disinfection[AU]


Determinar o nível de conhecimento dos estudantes de enfermagem da Universidade Técnica de Ambato sobre desinfecção terminal da área cirúrgica. Metodologia:Esta pesquisa é quantitativa, com abordagem descritiva de coorte transversal e o nível de conhecimento foi representado por meio de tabelas e gráficos para descrever os problemas do período outubro de 2023 a fevereiro de 2024.Resultados: Evidencia-se um alto percentual de respostas incorretas para cada item por parte dos alunos. A categoria desinfecção foi respondida incorretamente com um percentual de 26%, a categoria processo de desinfecção com 55,6%, a categoria aplicação DAN com 45,8%, a categoria desinfetante com 36,2% e, por último, a categoria risco e prevenção DAN. com 29,2%.Conclusões:O nível de conhecimento dos alunos sobre desinfecção é baixo, porque não estão suficientemente motivados ou interessados no tema da desinfecção[AU]


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Salas Cirúrgicas , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Controle de Infecções , Desinfetantes
3.
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 25(43): 44-53, jun.2024.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, UNISALUD, InstitutionalDB, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1561260

RESUMO

Objetivo: Correlacionar la variable principal sostén del hogar con las variables género, edad, horas de trabajo, horas de sueño y factores de riesgo cardiovascular (índice de masa corporal, hipertensión arterial, dislipemia y diabetes mellitus), en estudiantes de 3º, 4 y 5º año de la Licenciatura en Enfermería, Universidad Nacional de Formosa. Metodología: estudio descriptivo, correlacional, transversal realizado en 214 estudiantes, durante el año 2022, utilizándose un cuestionario on-line autoadministrado, estructurado y medición de peso y talla. Resultados: el 76% fueron mujeres; 64%, principal fueron principal sostén del hogar, 57% refirió dormir menos de 6 horas al día, 15 % trabaja más de 41 horas semanales; 67% tuvo respuestas no saludables a la variable estrés, para la variable actividad física este valor ascendió a 71% y el 53,8% presentó exceso de peso. Se encontró asociación significativa entre ser el principal sostén del hogar con exceso de peso, trabajar 41 horas o más semanalmente, dormir menos de 6 horas al día y con la presencia de 3 o más factores de riesgo cardiovascular. Conclusiones: Las condiciones de vida que afrontan los estudiantes que de manera simultánea estudian, trabajan y son principal sostén del hogar pueden generar estrés, el cual es un factor de riesgo para las enfermedades cardiovasculares[AU]


Objetive: to correlate the main variable of primary income earner or primary breadwinner with gender, age, working hours, sleep hours, and cardiovascular disease risk factors (body mass index, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes mellitus) in 3rd, 4th, and 5th-year nursing students at the Nursing Program at the National University of Formosa. Methodology: The study was a descriptive, correlational, cross-sectional, conducted with 214 students during 2022 using a self-administered structured online questionnaire and measurement of weight and height. Results: 76% were women, 64% were the main breadwinner, 57% reported sleeping less than 6 hours a day, 15% working more than 41 hours per week; 67% had unhealthy responses to the stress variable, this value rose to 71% for the physical activity variable, and 53.8% were overweight. A significant association was found between the main variable of primary breadwinner and being overweight, working 41 or more hours weekly, and the presence of 3 or more cardiovascular risk factors. Conclusions: The living conditions faced by students who simultaneously study and work, and being the main breadwinner in the household can generate stress, which is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases[AU]


Objetivo:: correlacionar a variável principal de sustento econômico do lar com as variáveis gênero, idade, horas de trabalho, horas de sono e fatores de risco cardiovascular (índice de massa corporal,hipertensão arterial, dislipidemia e diabetes mellitus) em estudantes do 3º, 4º e 5º ano do curso de graduação em Enfermagem, Universidade Nacional de Formosa. Metodologia: O estudo foi descritivo, correlacional e transversal, realizado em 214 estudantes durante o ano de 2022. Foi utilizado um questionário online autoadministrado e estruturado, e a medição de peso e altura dos estudantes foi realizada. Resultados: 76% dos estudantes eram mulheres; 64% eram o principal sustento econômico do lar; 57% relataram dormir menos de 6 horas por dia, 15% responderam que trabalham mais de 41 horas por semana; em relação aos fatores de risco cardiovascular, 67% tiveram respostas não saudáveis para a variável estresse, para a variável atividade física esse valor aumentou para 71% e 53,8% apresentaram excesso de peso. Foi encontrada uma associação significativa entre a variável principal de sustento econômico do lar com as variáveis excesso de peso, trabalhar 41 horas ou mais por semana, dormir menos de 6 horas al día e a presença de 3 ou mais fatores de risco cardiovascular. Conclusões: As condições de vida enfrentadas pelos estudantes que simultaneamente estudam, trabalham e são o principal sustento do lar podem gerar estresse, que é um fator de risco para doenças cardiovasculares[AU]


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Argentina
4.
Siglo cero (Madr.) ; 54(4): 49-64, oct.-dic. 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-EMG-558

RESUMO

El paradigma de apoyos y el de calidad de vida se han transformado en guías fundamentales para los avances en el ámbito de la discapacidad intelectual (DI). Con base en una muestra de 93 personas adultas con DI, se analiza, desde un enfoque cuantitativo no experimental, la relación entre la calidad de vida y las necesidades de apoyo, aplicando la escala INICO-FEAPS y la escala de Intensidad de Apoyos (SIS) para cada constructo. Los principales resultados evidencian que existe una relación fuerte e indirecta entre calidad de vida y necesidades de apoyos, y también la relevancia de analizar dichos resultados desde variables como grado de discapacidad, sexo o nivel socioeconómico. La discusión permite inferir la necesidad de discutir nuevas estrategias en torno a categorías como el grado de discapacidad, la autodeterminación e inclusión social, como elementos facilitadores de la calidad de vida y apoyos desde un enfoque integral que contribuya al desarrollo de estrategias de programas sociales para la población con DI. (AU)


The support paradigm and the quality of life paradigm have become fundamental guides for progress in the field of Intellectual Disability (ID). Based on a sample of 93 adults with ID, the relationship between Quality of Life and Support Needs is analyzed from a non-experimental quantitative approach, applying the INICO-FEAPS scale and the SIS Support Intensity scale for each construct. The main results show that there is a strong and indirect relationship between quality of life and support needs, and the relevance of analyzing these results from variables such as the degree of disability, sex or socioeconomic level. The discussion allows us to infer the need to discuss new strategies around categories such as the degree of disability, self-determination and social inclusion, as facilitating elements of quality of life and supporting a comprehensive approach that contributes to the development of social program strategies for the population with ID. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Deficiência Intelectual , Qualidade de Vida , Pessoas com Deficiência , Chile , Estudos de Amostragem
5.
Siglo cero (Madr.) ; 54(4): 49-64, oct.-dic. 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-229228

RESUMO

El paradigma de apoyos y el de calidad de vida se han transformado en guías fundamentales para los avances en el ámbito de la discapacidad intelectual (DI). Con base en una muestra de 93 personas adultas con DI, se analiza, desde un enfoque cuantitativo no experimental, la relación entre la calidad de vida y las necesidades de apoyo, aplicando la escala INICO-FEAPS y la escala de Intensidad de Apoyos (SIS) para cada constructo. Los principales resultados evidencian que existe una relación fuerte e indirecta entre calidad de vida y necesidades de apoyos, y también la relevancia de analizar dichos resultados desde variables como grado de discapacidad, sexo o nivel socioeconómico. La discusión permite inferir la necesidad de discutir nuevas estrategias en torno a categorías como el grado de discapacidad, la autodeterminación e inclusión social, como elementos facilitadores de la calidad de vida y apoyos desde un enfoque integral que contribuya al desarrollo de estrategias de programas sociales para la población con DI. (AU)


The support paradigm and the quality of life paradigm have become fundamental guides for progress in the field of Intellectual Disability (ID). Based on a sample of 93 adults with ID, the relationship between Quality of Life and Support Needs is analyzed from a non-experimental quantitative approach, applying the INICO-FEAPS scale and the SIS Support Intensity scale for each construct. The main results show that there is a strong and indirect relationship between quality of life and support needs, and the relevance of analyzing these results from variables such as the degree of disability, sex or socioeconomic level. The discussion allows us to infer the need to discuss new strategies around categories such as the degree of disability, self-determination and social inclusion, as facilitating elements of quality of life and supporting a comprehensive approach that contributes to the development of social program strategies for the population with ID. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Deficiência Intelectual , Qualidade de Vida , Pessoas com Deficiência , Chile , Estudos de Amostragem
6.
J. optom. (Internet) ; 17(3): [100512], jul.-sept2024. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231875

RESUMO

Purpose: In children under 20 years, refractive development targets a cycloplegic refractive error of +0.5 to +1.5D, while presbyopes over 40 years generally have non-cycloplegic errors of ≥ +1D. Some papers suggest these periods are separated by a period of myopic refractive error (i.e., ≤ –0.50D), but this remains unclear. Hence, this work investigates the mean cycloplegic refractive error in adults aged between 20 – 40 years. Methods: In 2002 a cross-sectional study with stratified cluster sampling was performed on the population of Tehran, providing cycloplegic and non-cycloplegic refractive error data for the right eyes of 3,576 participants, aged 30.6 ± 18.6 years (range: 1–86 years). After grouping these data into age groups of 5 years, the refractive error histogram of each group was fitted to a Bigaussian function. The mean of the central, emmetropized peak was used to estimate the mean refractive error without the influence of myopia. Results: The mean cycloplegic refractive error at the emmetropized peak decreased from +1.10 ± 0.11D (95 % confidence interval) to +0.50 ± 0.04D before 20 years and remains stable at that value until the age of 50 years. The non-cycloplegic refractive error also sees a stable phase at 0.00 ± 0.04D between 15 – 45 years. After 45 – 50 years both cycloplegic and non-cycloplegic refractive error become more hypermetropic over time, +1.14 ± 0.12D at 75 years. Conclusions: The cycloplegic refractive error in adults is about +0.50D between 20 – 50 years, disproving the existence of the myopic period at those ages.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Visão Ocular , Testes Visuais , Erros de Refração , Emetropia , Estudos Transversais , Irã (Geográfico)
7.
An. psicol ; 40(2): 335-343, May-Sep, 2024. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-232726

RESUMO

El presente estudio investigó si la satisfacción con la vida se predice a partir de la felicidad subjetiva, afectos positivos y negativos, alteración psicológica y emociones de gratitud y si la emoción de gratitud está mediando la relación con la felicidad subjetiva, los afectos y la satisfacción con la vida. Se hicieron correlación de Pearson, pruebas de regresión lineal múltiple y modelos de mediación en una muestra de 1537 adultos españoles, 73.6% mujeres y 26.4% hombres, edad 18-88 años (M = 42.56 años; DT = 16.29). Se halló que las emociones de gratitud median la relación entre felicidad subjetiva y satisfacción con la vida y entre los afectos positivos y la satisfacción con la vida. Los afectos positivos son los que más se relacionan con la satisfacción con la vida, seguidos por la felicidad subjetiva y las emociones de gratitud. Los hombres están más satisfechos con la vida cuando sienten menos afecto negativo. Además, las emociones de gratitud median la relación entre felicidad subjetiva y satisfacción con la vida y entre los afectos positivos y la satisfacción con la vida. La diferencia principal radica en que las emociones de gratitud son más fuertes en las mujeres que en los hombres.(AU)


This study aims to examine the predictability of satisfaction with life on the basis of subjective happiness, positive and negative affect, psy-chological disturbance and emotion of gratitude. It also seeks to assess whether the emotion of gratitude is a mediating variable withsubjective happiness, affect, and satisfaction with life. Statistical analyses of Pearson'scorrelation, multiple linear regression tests, and mediation models were conducted on asample of 1537 Spanish adults, 73.6% were females, 26.4% males, age between 18-88 yearsold (M = 42.56; SD = 16.29). The emo-tions of gratitude were found to mediate therelationship between subjec-tive happiness and satisfaction with life and between positiveaffect and satisfaction with life. Of the variables studied, positive affect is the most related tosatisfaction with life, followed by subjective happiness and emo-tions of gratitude. Maleparticipants are more satisfied with life when they feel the less negative affect. Regardingmediation models, emotions of grat-itude mediate the relationship between subjectivehappiness and satisfac-tion with life and between positive affect and satisfaction with life. Themaindifferenceis thatemotions of gratitudearestronger infemalesthan in males.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação Pessoal , Felicidade , Emoções , Sintomas Afetivos , Espanha
8.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 45(2): 48-51, maio-ago. 2024. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1553297

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: O manejo dos pacientes vítimas de PAF possui vertentes divergentes a respeito do tratamento cirúrgico, que pode ser realizado de forma imedata ou tardia. Em lesões auto-infligidas, a distância entre a arma e a região acometida é menor, causando consequências estéticas e funcionais mais devastadoras. Aliado ao fato desse tipo de trauma criar uma ferida suja devido à comunicação com a cavidade oral e seios paranasais, o manejo das lesões representam um desafio mesmo à cirurgiões experientes. OBJETIVO: Estre trabalho relata o manejo cirúrgico de uma ferida auto-infligida por arma de fogo que resultou em avulsão dos tecidos moles na região maxilofacial. DESCRIÇÃO DO CASO: Paciente do sexo masculino, 35 anos, vítima de projétil de arma de fogo auto-infligido em região maxilofacial, cursando com extenso ferimento em região de língua e mento. Clinicamente, o paciente não apresentava sinais de fratura em ossos da face. Ambos os ferimentos apresentavam secreção purulenta e o paciente manifestava disfonia devido a grande destruição tecidual. CONSIDERAÇÕES FINAIS: O tratamento de ferimentos por arma de fogo não só é um grande desafio para o cirurgião, como para toda a equipe multidisciplinar requerida para tais casos, visto que não há protocolos bem definidos para o tratamento dessas lesões(AU)


INTRODUCTION: The management of patients who are victims of FAP has divergent aspects regarding surgical treatment, which can be performed immediately or late. In self-inflicted injuries, the distance between the weapon and the affected region is smaller, causing more devastating aesthetic and functional consequences. Allied to the fact that this type of trauma creates a dirty wound due to the communication with the oral cavity and paranasal sinuses, the management of injuries represents a challenge even for experienced surgeons. OBJECTIVE: This paper reports the surgical management of a self-inflicted gunshot wound that resulted in soft tissue avulsion in the maxillofacial region. CASE DESCRIPTION: Male patient, 35 years old, victim of a self-inflicted firearm projectile in the maxillofacial region, coursing with extensive injury in the region of the tongue and chin. Clinically, the patient did not show signs of facial bone fractures. Both wounds had purulent secretion and the patient had dysphonia due to extensive tissue destruction. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: The treatment of gunshot wounds is not only a great challenge for the surgeon, but also for the entire multidisciplinary team required for such cases, since there are no well-defined protocols for the treatment of these injuries(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Língua/lesões , Infecção dos Ferimentos , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo , Palato Duro/lesões , Ferimentos e Lesões , Ferimentos Penetrantes , Palato Duro , Equimose , Edema , Traumatismos Maxilofaciais
9.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 45(2): 34-42, maio-ago. 2024. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1553293

RESUMO

O sorriso gengival possui inúmeras causas, podendo acontecer por motivos esqueléticos, musculares ou por alteração no desenvolvimento dos tecidos de suporte. No entanto, na atualidade, a estética vermelha e a branca têm se apresentado completamente passíveis de transformações e com uma gama de procedimentos cirúrgicos ou não cirúrgicos para sanar as queixas dos pacientes. O objetivo geral deste trabalho é mostrar o poder que a odontologia tem frente às questões estéticas, como, por exemplo, a vergonha de sorrir por não se sentir confortável com os dentes curtos e com uma grande faixa de gengiva sendo exposta. O método utilizado foi um relato de caso. Que descreve todos os passos clínicos do tratamento de um paciente de 40 anos, que estava insatisfeita com o seu sorriso por apresentar erupção passiva alterada juntamente com hiperatividade do lábio superior. O plano de tratamento escolhido foi de realizar a cirurgia de aumento de coroa clínica estético, seguido de clareamento dentário e posteriormente um reposicionamento labial, com ajuda da toxina botulínica. Finalizando, para ajudar na cicatrização, o uso de laserterapia. O resultado de todo o processo cirúrgico envolvido neste trabalho, é satisfação do paciente, materializando o sonho deste, devolvendo segurança e espontaneidade ao sorrir. Pôde-se observar que através da combinação de técnicas cirúrgicas periodontais para tratar o sorriso gengival, obtém-se êxito tanto no sentido científico quanto no biológico, alcançando um sorriso esteticamente mais atrativo(AU)


Gummy smile has numerous causes, which can occur for skeletal or muscular reasons or due to changes in the development of supporting tissues. However, nowadays, the red and white aesthetics have been completely capable of transformation and with a range of surgical or non-surgical procedures to resolve patients' complaints. The general objective of this work is to show the power that dentistry has in the face of aesthetic issues, such as, for example, the shame of smiling due to not feeling comfortable with short teeth and a large strip of gum being exposed. The method used was a case report. Which describes all the clinical steps of the treatment of a 40-year-old patient, who was dissatisfied with her smile due to an altered passive eruption together with hyperactivity of the upper lip. The chosen treatment plan was to perform aesthetic clinical crown augmentation surgery, followed by tooth whitening and later lip repositioning, with the help of botulinum toxin. Finally, to help with healing, the use of laser therapy. The result of the entire surgical process involved in this work is patient satisfaction, materializing the patient's dream, restoring security and spontaneity when smiling. It was observed that through the combination of periodontal surgical techniques to treat gummy smile, success is achieved both in the scientific and biological sense, achieving a more aesthetically attractive smile(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Aumento da Coroa Clínica , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Bucais , Estética Dentária , Gengivoplastia
10.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 45(2): 65-71, maio-ago. 2024. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1553300

RESUMO

A escolha da técnica restauradora desempenha papel fundamental na eficácia e duração de um tratamento reabilitador. O objetivo deste relato de caso foi descrever a utilização da técnica semidireta para a confecção de uma restauração em resina composta em um primeiro molar inferior. A paciente apresentava uma restauração insatisfatória no dente 36, que necessitava ser substituída devido à infiltração por cárie. Optou-se pela técnica semidireta devido à amplitude da cavidade, que envolvia estruturas de suporte, e pela combinação das vantagens das abordagens direta e indireta. O procedimento envolveu a remoção de tecido cariado, a aplicação de hidróxido de cálcio pasta, seguida da aplicação de uma fina camada de ionômero de vidro e, posteriormente, resina fluída para realizar o selamento dentinário. O preparo foi realizado seguindo os princípios necessários. O elemento em questão foi moldado com silicone de adição e o arco antagonista, com alginato. Ambos modelos foram vertidos com silicone para modelos semirrígidos e montados em oclusor de peças de brinquedo. A restauração semidireta foi confeccionada em resina composta Filtek Z350 XT, respeitando a anatomia do dente 36. Pigmentos foram utilizados para aprimorar detalhes estéticos. Após acabamento e polimento, a peça foi condicionada e cimentada com cimento dual Relyx Ultimate. Pode-se concluir que a abordagem restauradora por meio da técnica semidireta construída em modelo semirrígido é uma opção terapêutica conservadora e vantajosa para dentes com extensa destruição coronária. Essa técnica possibilita a restauração de forma eficaz, garantindo tanto a estética quanto a função adequada do dente afetado(AU)


The choice of restorative technique plays a fundamental role in the effectiveness and duration of rehabilitation treatment. The objective of this case report was to describe the use of the semi-direct technique to create a composite resin restoration in a lower first molar. The patient had an unsatisfactory restoration on tooth 36, which needed to be replaced due to cavity infiltration. The semi-direct technique was chosen due to the amplitude of the cavity, which involved support structures, and the combination of advantages of the direct and indirect approaches. The procedure involved the removal of carious tissue, and the application of calcium hydroxide paste, followed by the application of a thin layer of glass ionomer and, subsequently, fluid resin to seal the dentin. The preparation was carried out following the necessary principles. The element in question was molded with addition silicone and the antagonist arch was molded with alginate. Both models were poured with silicone for semi-rigid models and mounted on toy parts occluders. The semi-direct restoration was made in Filtek Z350 XT composite resin, respecting the anatomy of tooth 36. Pigments were used to improve aesthetic details. After finishing and polishing, the piece was conditioned and cemented with Relyx Ultimate dual cement. It can be concluded that the restorative approach using the semi-direct technique built on a semi-rigid model is a conservative and advantageous therapeutic option for teeth with extensive coronal destruction. This technique allows for effective restoration, ensuring both the aesthetics and adequate function of the affected tooth(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária , Reparação de Restauração Dentária , Cimentação , Preparo do Dente , Restauração Dentária Permanente
11.
Recurso na Internet em Inglês, Espanhol, Francês, Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-49653

RESUMO

De acordo com uma análise recente, cerca de 1,8 bilhão de adultos (31%) não praticaram os níveis recomendados de atividade física em 2022. A informação é de um estudo, fruto da colaboração entre pesquisadores da Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) e professores universitários, publicado recentemente na revista The Lancet Global Health.


Assuntos
Comportamento Sedentário/etnologia , Fatores de Risco , Adulto
12.
J Med Internet Res ; 26: e49422, 2024 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38986127

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Retrospecting the trust gaps and their dynamics during the pandemic is crucial for understanding the root causes of postpandemic challenges and offers valuable insights into preparing for future public health emergencies. The COVID-19 pandemic eroded people's trust in strangers and acquaintances, while their trust in family members remained relatively stable. This resulted in 2 trust gaps, namely, the family members-strangers trust gap and the family members-acquaintances trust gap. Widening trust gaps impede social integration and undermine the effective management of public health crises. However, little is known about how digital media use shaped trust gaps during a pandemic. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the relationships between digital media use, negative emotions, the family members-strangers trust gap, and the family members-acquaintances trust gap during the COVID-19 pandemic in China. We test the mediating role of negative emotions between digital media use and 2 trust gaps and compare the indirect effect of digital media use on 2 trust gaps through negative emotions. METHODS: A cross-sectional web-based survey was conducted in China between January 31, 2020, and February 9, 2020. A total of 1568 adults participated in the survey. Questions related to digital media use, negative emotions, trust in family members, trust in acquaintances, and trust in strangers during the pandemic were asked. Regression analyses were performed to test the associations between the examined variables. We used a 95% bootstrap CI approach to estimate the mediation effects. RESULTS: Digital media use was positively associated with negative emotions (B=0.17, SE 0.03; P<.001), which in turn were positively associated with the family members-strangers trust gap (B=0.15, SE 0.03; P<.001). Likewise, digital media use was positively associated with negative emotions (B=0.17, SE 0.03; P<.001), while negative emotions were positively associated with the family members-acquaintances trust gap (B=0.08, SE 0.03; P=.01). Moreover, the indirect effect of digital media use on the family members-strangers trust gap (B=0.03, SE 0.01; 95% CI 0.01-0.04) was stronger than that on the family members-acquaintances trust gap (B=0.01, SE 0.01; 95% CI 0.003-0.027). CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrate that negative emotions resulting from the frequent use of digital media are a key factor that accounts for the widening trust gaps. Considering the increasing reliance on digital media, the findings indicate that the appropriate use of digital media can prevent the overamplification of negative emotions and curb the enlargement of trust gaps. This may help restore social trust and prepare for future public health crises in the postpandemic era.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Emoções , Pandemias , Confiança , Humanos , COVID-19/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Confiança/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , China/epidemiologia , Adulto , Masculino , Feminino , Família/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem , SARS-CoV-2 , Internet
13.
S D Med ; 77(1): 37-41, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38986147

RESUMO

Glomus tumors are rare vascular hamartomas most commonly found in the subungual region of the fingers. They present with a classic triad of paroxysmal pain, point tenderness, and cold sensitivity. The diagnosis is often missed for several years due to under recognition of this condition. A 42-year-old female presented with a several year history of pain in the middle finger when it was struck or exposed to cold. She had point tenderness on the fingernail, and increased curvature of the nail. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) revealed a 7mm subungual glomus tumor. The tumor was surgically excised via a transungual approach, resulting in complete relief of her pain. Glomus tumors are diagnosed clinically based on the presence of classic symptoms and positive provocative tests. These tests include point tenderness on palpation and pain when ice is placed on the digit. MRI imaging can be used when the diagnosis is unclear or to localize the tumor prior to surgery. Increased awareness of this condition among physicians could reduce the time to diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Dedos , Tumor Glômico , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Humanos , Tumor Glômico/diagnóstico , Tumor Glômico/complicações , Tumor Glômico/cirurgia , Feminino , Adulto , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Dor/etiologia , Dor/diagnóstico , Doenças da Unha/diagnóstico , Doenças da Unha/cirurgia , Doenças da Unha/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Unha/etiologia
14.
S D Med ; 77(2): 54-61, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38986158

RESUMO

Chagas disease is a chronic, systemic parasitic infection caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi. The primary mode of transmission to humans is by the Reduviid insect, endemic to South America. Recent migration of the vector has led to increased cases in the southern United States and has prompted increased surveillance and blood donation screening. It is unusual to diagnose and treat individuals with Chagas disease in the northern United States. This case describes an immigrant female from El Salvador that was informed she had Chagas disease from a blood bank screening. Confirmation and treatment of the disease were performed by her South Dakota primary care provider thus demonstrating the importance of identifying Chagas disease in the immigrant population in regions where Chagas disease infection is uncommon.


Assuntos
Doença de Chagas , Humanos , Feminino , Doença de Chagas/diagnóstico , Doença de Chagas/epidemiologia , Doença de Chagas/terapia , Doença de Chagas/tratamento farmacológico , South Dakota , Tripanossomicidas/uso terapêutico , El Salvador , Adulto , Emigrantes e Imigrantes , Nifurtimox/uso terapêutico
15.
Asian J Endosc Surg ; 17(3): e13358, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38986520

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The da Vinci surgical systems (X and Xi) are fourth-generation systems marketed by Intuitive Inc. The X system is less expensive than the Xi system. This study compared the surgical outcomes of patients who underwent hysterectomy using the X and Xi systems. METHODS: Data from 172 patients who underwent robot-assisted total hysterectomies by four surgeons between April 2019 and March 2023 were retrospectively analyzed in a single-center study. The patients were divided into two groups based on the surgical system used. Approval was granted by the Institutional Review Board of the Tottori University Hospital (22A134). All patients provided opt-out consent in accordance with the institutional guidelines. RESULTS: Operative time (126.6 ± 29.5 for X, 138.2 ± 38.5 for Xi, p = .227) and console time (92.9 ± 27.0 for X, 105.5 ± 34.7 for Xi, p = .089) were insignificantly shorter in group X than in group Xi after propensity score matching for age, body mass index, nulliparity, previous history of abdominal or pelvic surgery, preoperative diagnosis, and surgical approach. No significant differences between X and Xi were observed in a subgroup analysis of patients who underwent robot-assisted total laparoscopic hysterectomy without lymphadenectomy (operative time: 199.0 ± 26.5 for X, 221.5 ± 45.1 for Xi, p = .227; console time: 162.1 ± 25.0 for X, 178.3 ± 0.314 for Xi, p = .314). CONCLUSION: Perioperative outcomes for the X and Xi da Vinci surgical systems were equivalent. The cost-effective X system may allow the widespread use of robotic surgeries.


Assuntos
Histerectomia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Histerectomia/métodos , Adulto , Resultado do Tratamento , Duração da Cirurgia , Laparoscopia , Idoso
16.
Asian J Endosc Surg ; 17(3): e13350, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38986523

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Studies comparing laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) with open pancreaticoduodenectomy (OPD) for ampullary carcinoma (AC) are limited. This study aimed to compare short- and long-term outcomes between LPD and OPD for AC. METHODS: This study included patients with AC who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) with curative intention at Ogaki Municipal Hospital from April 2008 to March 2023. RESULTS: Fifty-five patients underwent LPD (n = 26) or OPD (n = 29). There were no significant differences in the demographics between the two groups. The LPD group had a significantly longer operative time (268 vs. 225 min), less blood loss (125 vs. 450 mL), and shorter postoperative hospital stay (18 vs. 23 days) than the OPD group. There was no significant difference in the morbidity ratio. Fewer lymph nodes were harvested in the LPD group than OPD group (9.5 vs. 16.0), but there were no significant differences in lymph node metastasis or pathological stages. There were no significant differences in overall survival (OS) or recurrence-free survival (RFS). The 3- and 5-year OS rates in the LPD group and the OPD group were 63.0% and 54%, 64.8%, and 61.2%, respectively. The 3- and 5-year RFS rates were 57.4% and 57.4%, 58.1%, and 54.4%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: LPD for AC had short- and long-term outcomes comparable with those of OPD. LPD could be considered the standard treatments for AC because of less blood loss and a shorter hospital stay.


Assuntos
Ampola Hepatopancreática , Neoplasias do Ducto Colédoco , Laparoscopia , Tempo de Internação , Pancreaticoduodenectomia , Humanos , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Feminino , Laparoscopia/métodos , Ampola Hepatopancreática/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Neoplasias do Ducto Colédoco/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Ducto Colédoco/patologia , Neoplasias do Ducto Colédoco/mortalidade , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento , Duração da Cirurgia , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
17.
Clin Transl Gastroenterol ; 15(6): e1, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38986526

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Diet can affect ammoniagenesis in cirrhosis and hepatic encephalopathy (HE), but the impact of dietary preferences on metabolomics in cirrhosis is unclear. As most Western populations follow meat-based diets, we aimed to determine the impact of substituting a single meat-based meal with an equal protein-containing vegan/vegetarian alternative on ammonia and metabolomics in outpatients with cirrhosis on a meat-based diet. METHODS: Outpatients with cirrhosis with and without prior HE on a stable Western meat-based diet were randomized 1:1:1 into 3 groups. Patients were given a burger with 20 g protein of meat, vegan, or vegetarian. Blood for metabolomics via liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and ammonia was drawn at baseline and hourly for 3 hours after meal while patients under observation. Stool microbiome characteristics, changes in ammonia, and metabolomics were compared between/within groups. RESULTS: Stool microbiome composition was similar at baseline. Serum ammonia increased from baseline in the meat group but not the vegetarian or vegan group. Metabolites of branched chain and acylcarnitines decreased in the meat group compared with the non-meat groups. Alterations in lipid profile (higher sphingomyelins and lower lysophospholipids) were noted in the meat group when compared with the vegan and vegetarian groups. DISCUSSION: Substitution of a single meat-based meal with a non-meat alternatives results in lower ammoniagenesis and altered serum metabolomics centered on branched-chain amino acids, acylcarnitines, lysophospholipids, and sphingomyelins in patients with cirrhosis regardless of HE or stool microbiome. Intermittent meat substitution with vegan or vegetarian alternatives could be helpful in reducing ammonia generation in cirrhosis.


Assuntos
Amônia , Dieta Vegana , Dieta Vegetariana , Fezes , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Encefalopatia Hepática , Cirrose Hepática , Metabolômica , Humanos , Amônia/sangue , Amônia/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/dietoterapia , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/sangue , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Encefalopatia Hepática/dietoterapia , Encefalopatia Hepática/sangue , Encefalopatia Hepática/etiologia , Fezes/química , Fezes/microbiologia , Idoso , Carnitina/análogos & derivados , Carnitina/sangue , Carnitina/metabolismo , Carne , Aminoácidos de Cadeia Ramificada/sangue , Aminoácidos de Cadeia Ramificada/metabolismo , Adulto
18.
Clin J Sport Med ; 34(4): 376-380, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38986527

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical assessment findings between elite athletic populations with and without a clinical diagnosis of posterior ankle impingement syndrome (PAIS). DESIGN: Cross-sectional case-control study. SETTING: Elite ballet and sport. PARTICIPANTS: Ten male and female professional ballet dancers and athletes with a clinical diagnosis of PAIS and were matched for age, sex, and activity to 10 professional ballet dancers and athletes without PAIS. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: Posterior ankle pain on body chart and a positive ankle plantarflexion pain provocation test. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Single-leg heel raise (SLHR) endurance test, range of motion testing for weight-bearing ankle dorsiflexion, passive ankle plantarflexion, and first metatarsophalangeal joint dorsiflexion, and Beighton score for generalized joint hypermobility. Participants also completed the Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool (CAIT) questionnaire. RESULTS: The group with PAIS achieved significantly fewer repetitions on SLHR capacity testing ( P = 0.02) and were more symptomatic for perceived ankle instability according to CAIT scores ( P = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Single-leg heel raise endurance capacity was lower, and perceived ankle instability was greater in participants with PAIS. The management of this presentation in elite dancers and athletes should include the assessment and management of functional deficits.


Assuntos
Articulação do Tornozelo , Dança , Instabilidade Articular , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Humanos , Masculino , Dança/fisiologia , Feminino , Instabilidade Articular/fisiopatologia , Estudos Transversais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Articulação do Tornozelo/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Calcanhar/fisiopatologia , Atletas , Traumatismos do Tornozelo/fisiopatologia , Resistência Física/fisiologia , Adolescente
19.
BMJ ; 386: q1518, 2024 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38986542
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