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1.
Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med ; 32(1): 17, 2024 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38448994

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Improving oxygenation and ventilation in drowning patients early in the field is critical and may be lifesaving. The critical care interventions performed by physicians in drowning management are poorly described. The aim was to describe patient characteristics and critical care interventions with 30-day mortality as the primary outcome in drowning patients treated by the Danish Air Ambulance. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study with 30-day follow-up identified drowning patients treated by the Danish Air Ambulance from January 1, 2016, through December 31, 2021. Drowning patients were identified using a text-search algorithm (Danish Drowning Formula) followed by manual review and validation. Operational and medical data were extracted from the Danish Air Ambulance database. Descriptive analyses were performed comparing non-fatal and fatal drowning incidents with 30-day mortality as the primary outcome. RESULTS: Of 16,841 dispatches resulting in a patient encounter in the six years, the Danish Drowning Formula identified 138 potential drowning patients. After manual validation, 98 drowning patients were included in the analyses, and 82 completed 30-day follow-up. The prehospital and 30-day mortality rates were 33% and 67%, respectively. The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics severity scores from 4 to 7, indicating a critical emergency, were observed in 90% of the total population. They were significantly higher in the fatal versus non-fatal group (p < 0.01). At least one critical care intervention was performed in 68% of all drowning patients, with endotracheal intubation (60%), use of an automated chest compression device (39%), and intraosseous cannulation (38%) as the most frequently performed interventions. More interventions were generally performed in the fatal group (p = 0.01), including intraosseous cannulation and automated chest compressions. CONCLUSIONS: The Danish Air Ambulance rarely treated drowning patients, but those treated were severely ill, with a 30-day mortality rate of 67% and frequently required critical care interventions. The most frequent interventions were endotracheal intubation, automated chest compressions, and intraosseous cannulation.


Assuntos
Resgate Aéreo , Afogamento , Humanos , Seguimentos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cuidados Críticos , Dinamarca/epidemiologia
3.
J Int Med Res ; 52(3): 3000605241233516, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38497129

RESUMO

Drowning is a common cause of childhood morbidity and mortality worldwide. Anoxia, hypothermia, and metabolic acidosis are mainly responsible for this morbidity. Drowning may lead to multiple organ damage, especially cardiac damage, in cases in which severe hypothermia and hypoxemia occur. We report a case of a 4-year-old girl who was admitted to our hospital's Emergency Department because of drowning. She had elevated troponin I concentrations and ST-segment elevation with T wave inversion. However, cardiovascular computed tomography showed no obvious abnormalities in the coronary arteries. We suggest that cardiac damage in this situation is caused by coronary artery spasms. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of cardiac damage with electrocardiographic changes after drowning in a preschool child.


Assuntos
Afogamento , Hipotermia , Infarto do Miocárdio , Afogamento Iminente , Feminino , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Afogamento Iminente/complicações , Hipotermia/complicações , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Hipóxia/complicações , Arritmias Cardíacas
4.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 36(3): 256-259, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38538353

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic effect of high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy (HFNC) and non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) on patients with pulmonary edema caused by seawater drowning. METHODS: A retrospective analysis method was used. Based on the Utstein database of emergency drowning in the First Hospital of Qinhuangdao, the clinical data of patients with seawater drowning pulmonary edema admitted to the emergency medicine department of the First Hospital of Qinhuangdao from January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2022 were collected. The patients were divided into NPPV group and HFNC group according to different ventilation methods. The general data, endotracheal intubation rate in 7 days, arterial blood gas analysis indexes [arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2), arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2)] and hemodynamic indexes (systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, heart rate, blood lactic acid) before and after treatment, length of stay in intensive care unit (ICU), oxygen therapy comfort of the two groups were compared. RESULTS: A total of 54 patients were enrolled, including 21 patients in the NPPV group and 33 patients in the HFNC group. There were no significant differences in gender, age, state of consciousness and other general information between the two groups. Compared with NPPV group, the rate of endotracheal intubation in HFNC group within 7 days was significantly lower [24.2% (8/33) vs. 33.3% (7/21), P < 0.05]. Before treatment, there were no significant differences in arterial blood gas analysis and hemodynamics between the two groups. After treatment, the above indexes in both groups were significantly improved compared with those before treatment, and PaO2, SaO2, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and mean arterial pressure in HFNC group were significantly higher than those in NPPV group [PaO2 (mmHg, 1 mmHg≈0.133kPa): 93.56±6.37 vs. 82.14±6.25, SaO2: 1.02±0.09 vs. 0.95±0.11, systolic blood pressure (mmHg): 117.37±8.43 vs. 110.42±8.38, diastolic blood pressure (mmHg): 79.43±7.61 vs. 72.21±4.32, mean arterial pressure (mmHg): 92.34±6.32 vs. 85.12±5.38], PaCO2, heart rate and blood lactic acid were significantly lower than those in NPPV group [PaCO2 (mmHg) : 34.26±5.63 vs. 37.24±6.22, heart rate (times/min): 73.38±7.56 vs. 86.25±5.41, blood lactic acid (mmol/L): 1.38±0.36 vs. 2.25±1.14], and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). In addition, the length of ICU stay in HFNC group was significantly shorter than that in NPPV group (days: 13.30±2.38 vs. 16.27±4.26), and the comfort rate of oxygen therapy was significantly higher than that in NPPV group [66.7% (22/33) vs. 42.8% (9/21)], with statistical significance (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: HFNC can improve the oxygenation of patients with pulmonary edema caused by seawater drowning, improve hemodynamics, reduce the rate of tracheal intubation, shorten the length of ICU stay, and improve the comfort of oxygen therapy, which has certain clinical application value.


Assuntos
Afogamento , Edema Pulmonar , Humanos , Cânula , Estudos Retrospectivos , Oxigenoterapia/métodos , Oxigênio , Ácido Láctico
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38541273

RESUMO

Unintentional injuries significantly contribute to mortality and morbidity among children under five, with higher prevalence in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Deprived communities in these regions face increased injury risks, yet there is limited research on child safety tailored to their unique challenges. To address this gap, we conducted focus group discussions in rural Uganda, involving parents, village health workers, community leaders, teachers, and maids. The objective was to understand community perceptions around child safety and determine what culturally and age-appropriate solutions may work to prevent child injuries. Analysis of discussions from ten focus groups revealed five main themes: injury causes, child development and behavior, adult behavior, environmental factors, and potential safety kit components. Common injuries included falls, burns, drowning, and poisoning, often linked to environmental hazards such as unsafe bunk beds and wet floors. Financial constraints and limited space emerged as cross-cutting issues. Participants suggested educational resources, first aid knowledge, and practical devices like solar lamps as potential solutions. The study presents invaluable insights into child safety in rural Ugandan homes, emphasizing the role of community awareness and engagement in designing effective, accessible interventions. It underscores the importance of context-specific strategies to prevent childhood injuries in similar resource-constrained environments.


Assuntos
Lesões Acidentais , Queimaduras , Afogamento , Ferimentos e Lesões , Criança , Adulto , Humanos , Pobreza , Primeiros Socorros , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/prevenção & controle
6.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 45(3): 373-378, 2024 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514314

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the characteristics, change of injury death spectrum in children aged 0-14 years and its urban-rural difference in Tianjin. Methods: The incidence data of injury death in children aged 0-14 years in Tianjin from 1999 to 2021 were collected from the "Population Based Mortality Surveillance System in Tianjin". We calculated constituent ratio, crude and standardized mortality rates in different subgroups of the population and major injury subtypes, and compared the rural-urban differences. The Cochran-Armitage trend test was used to analyze temporal trends in cause-of-death component ratios. Joinpoint regression model was used to calculate average annual percent change (AAPC). Seasonal difference in injury mortality risk were expressed as mortality ratio and 95% confidence interval. Results: From 1999 to 2021, injury was the third cause of death in children aged 0-14 years in Tianjin. The percentage of children who died in health-care facilities in rural area was 31.08%, which was lower than 37.82% in urban area. There was a downward trend in the standardized mortality rate of injury in children (AAPC=-5.54%, P<0.001). The standardized mortality rates of drowning and road traffic injury declined in both urban area and rural area (P<0.001). The mortality rate of accidental poisoning decreased in rural area (AAPC=-8.09%, P<0.001), but showed no significant change trend in urban area (P>0.05). The standardized mortality rate of suicide showed no significant change trend in urban area, but there was an increasing trend in the standardized mortality rate of suicide in rural children aged 10-14 years (AAPC=4.58%). No significant change trend was observed in mortality rate of falls in urban and rural children (P>0.05). The injury mortality rate showed obvious seasonality in children in Tianjin. Overall injury death risk and risk for drowning-caused death were highest in summer in both urban area and rural area. The risk for road traffic injury-related death was highest in autumn in urban area and in summer in rural area. The risk for death caused by accidental poisoning was highest in winter in both urban area and rural area. Conclusions: In recent decades, the injury mortality rate in children aged 0-14 years in Tianjin showed a decreasing trend. There is still a significant difference in the injury mortality level between urban area and rural area, to which close attention needs to be paid in the future policy development.


Assuntos
Afogamento , Criança , Humanos , População Rural , Incidência , Vigilância da População , Estações do Ano , China/epidemiologia , População Urbana
10.
J Safety Res ; 88: 190-198, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38485362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To increase water safety awareness among young males New Zealand introduced the Swim Reaper program in 2016. The program ran annually over summer and in 2018/19 an evaluation was conducted. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of the 2018/19 Swim Reaper social media-based campaign on self-reported water safety awareness and identify changes in fatal and nonfatal drowning rates for New Zealand resident males aged 15-34 years before and after the 2016 Swim Reaper program. METHODS: Online surveys pre (December-2018) and post (February-March-2019) Swim Reaper campaign were used to estimate water safety awareness post-campaign relative to pre-campaign using negative binomial regression adjusted for potential confounders. Interrupted time series (ITS) analysis, adjusted for seasonality, explored changes in drowning mortality, hospital admissions and Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) claims pre and post program introduction (2016). RESULTS: A total of 518 males responded (50.6% post-campaign). There were significant improvements (post vs. pre-campaign) in self-reported water safety awareness. ITS analysis showed a reduction in drowning related hospital admissions post relative to pre-program (RR = 0.47; [95%CI: 0.24-0.90]; p = 0.02). DISCUSSION: Young males are an at-risk cohort for drowning and creating behavior change among this group can be challenging. Using a unique, humor-based approach the Swim Reaper program appears to be having some impact on self-reported water safety behaviors, as well as unintentional drowning-related hospitalization rates. Further evaluation, more clearly linked to campaign themes, is required to ascertain direct impact of the program. CONCLUSION: The novelty and reach of the campaign within the context of a prevailing downward trend in drownings may provide support for social media-based programs targeting this hard-to-reach demographic.


Assuntos
Afogamento , Masculino , Humanos , Afogamento/epidemiologia , Afogamento/prevenção & controle , Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Morbidade , Água
11.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0297935, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38346051

RESUMO

As a key component of rotating machinery power transmission system, rolling bearings in gas turbines are often required to serve in complex working conditions such as the high speed, the heavy load, the variable load, the variable rotational speed, and so on. The signals of bearing failures are easily drowned out by strong background noise and disturbances of related components. In the mechanical transmission system, the signals of bearing failures are easily submerged by the strong background noise and the disturbance of related components, especially for the composite bearing failures, which seriously hinders the effective identification of the vibration characteristics of the bearing operating state and increases the difficulty of fault diagnosis. In order to investigate the impact of interference on the bearing, through the establishment of rolling bearing composite fault vibration model, analyze the relationship between the vibration signals caused by different types of bearing failures and the corresponding vibration characteristics, to reveal the transmission system of the parts of the perturbation of the main multi-interference factors on the bearing fault signal influence law. The experimental verification shows that disturbance yp(t) caused by the sum of gear meshing frequency, and installation errors of the shaft, and coupling in the transmission system and background noise ni(t), which makes the fault frequency relatively weak and difficult to observe, and makes it difficult to accurately separate the fault information of the bearing. It provides a theoretical basis to solve the problem of damage identification and fault diagnosis of rolling bearings under multi-interference state.


Assuntos
Afogamento , Vibração , Humanos , Modalidades de Fisioterapia
12.
Wilderness Environ Med ; 35(1_suppl): 94S-111S, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38379489

RESUMO

The Wilderness Medical Society convened a panel to review available evidence supporting practices for acute management of drowning in out-of-hospital and emergency care settings. Literature about definitions and terminology, epidemiology, rescue, resuscitation, acute clinical management, disposition, and drowning prevention was reviewed. The panel graded available evidence supporting practices according to the American College of Chest Physicians criteria and then made recommendations based on that evidence. Recommendations were based on the panel's collective clinical experience and judgment when published evidence was lacking. This is the second update to the original practice guidelines published in 2016 and updated in 2019.


Assuntos
Afogamento , Medicina Selvagem , Humanos , Afogamento/prevenção & controle , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Ressuscitação , Sociedades Médicas
13.
Am J Forensic Med Pathol ; 45(1): 20-25, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305298

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: A study was undertaken at Forensic Science SA, Adelaide, South Australia, of all cases of homicide (January 2003-December 2022) where the victims' bodies had been concealed. Three hundred twenty-six homicides were identified, which included 27 cases where bodies had been deliberately hidden (8%) (age range, 2-82 years; ave, 34.9 years; M:F = 1.5:1). Deaths were due to blunt force trauma (n = 11), sharp force trauma (n = 4), asphyxia (n = 4), gunshot wound (n = 2), and a combination of drowning and asphyxia (n = 1). In 5 cases, the cause of death was not determinable. The methods of concealment (which were sometimes overlapping) included the following: dumping at a hidden/isolated location (n = 8), burial (n = 7), dismembering (n = 3), incinerating (n = 3), hiding in a wheeled garbage bin (n = 2), disposing in garbage resulting in the remains being located at waste disposal facilities (n = 2), hiding in a shed (n = 1), under a concrete floor (n = 1), in a suitcase (n = 1), in a river (n = 1), in a mine shaft (n = 1), and in a septic tank (n = 1). Although it has been asserted that concealed homicides are rarely encountered in forensic practice, the current study has demonstrated that the bodies in at least 8% of victims of homicide in South Australia have undergone some form of concealment.


Assuntos
Afogamento , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo , Ferimentos não Penetrantes , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Distribuição por Idade , Asfixia , Afogamento/diagnóstico , Homicídio , Estudos Retrospectivos , Masculino , Feminino
14.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 528, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38378496

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Drowning is a public health problem in Türkiye, as in the rest of the world. This study aims to systematically review the literature on drowning in Türkiye with a focus on data sources, epidemiology, risk factors and prevention strategies. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted using PubMed, SPORTSDiscus, Scopus, Web of Science, Turk MEDLINE, Google Scholar and Google Akademik (Turkish language). Studies (limited to original research written in English and Turkish) reporting drowning (unintentional and intentional; fatal and non-fatal) of residents and tourists in Türkiye were independently dual screened at the title and abstract and full text stages. Study quality was assessed using JBI checklists and evidence level assessed based on study design. RESULTS: From a total of 917 studies, 49 met the inclusion criteria. Most (51%) focused on unintentional fatal drowning. Included studies were most commonly analytical cross-sectional studies (n = 23) and case series (n = 20) meaning the evidence level was low or very low for 48 (98%) studies. Fifteen studies examined drowning at the national level, while sub-national studies (n = 30) focused on urban areas across three provinces: Antalya (n = 6), Istanbul (n = 6), Izmir (n = 4). There was little consensus on risk factors beyond male drowning risk, and no data reported on implemented or evaluated drowning prevention interventions. DISCUSSION: There is a need for more national-level studies to identify the causes of drowning and to guide intervention implementation and evaluation to inform policy makers and donors. Currently official data is limited in its detail, providing age and gender data only, hampering efforts to identify, and thus address, causal factors for drowning. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: There is currently very little evidence to inform investment in effective drowning prevention interventions in Türkiye. To improve this, data collection systems on drowning in Türkiye need to be strengthened via the development a national drowning registry. TRIAL REGISTRATION: #CRD42022382615.


Assuntos
Afogamento , Humanos , Masculino , Afogamento/epidemiologia , Afogamento/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Turquia , Fatores de Risco , Saúde Pública
15.
J Pharmacol Exp Ther ; 388(1): 23-26, 2024 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38169448
16.
Resuscitation ; 197: 110129, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38280506

RESUMO

AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to compare the survival outcomes of adult patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) by drowning who were treated with either endotracheal intubation (ETI) or a supraglottic airway (SGA) device. METHODS: We compared the outcomes of patients with OHCA by drowning according to airway management using a Japanese nationwide population-based registry (All-Japan Utstein Registry). Adult patients with OHCA treated in 2014-2020 with advanced airway management (ETI or SGA) were included. Patients who received ETI during cardiopulmonary resuscitation were matched with those treated with SGA based on propensity scores in a 1:1 ratio with a 0.2 calliper width. The outcome measures were the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), survival at one month, and favourable neurological outcomes defined as a Cerebral Performance Category Scale score of 1 or 2. RESULTS: Of the 11,703 eligible patients, 4,467 (38.2%) and 7,236 (61.8%) underwent ETI and SGA, respectively. A total of 3,566 patients in each cohort were matched. The ROSC rate was higher in those treated with ETI versus SGA (207/3,566 [5.8%] versus 167/3,566 [4.7%], respectively; adjusted odds ratio, 1.25; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.02-1.55). There was no intergroup difference in one-month survival or favourable neurological outcome (32/3566 [0.90%] versus 34/3566 [0.95%]; odds ratio, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.58-1.53; and 9/3566 [0.25%] versus 8/3566 [0.22%]; odds ratio, 1.13; 95% CI, 0.43-2.92), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In this propensity score-matched study of adult OHCA by drowning, ETI compared to SGA was associated with ROSC but not associated with survival and favourable neurological outcomes at one month.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Afogamento , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar , Adulto , Humanos , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos de Coortes , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Intubação Intratraqueal , Manuseio das Vias Aéreas , Hospitais
17.
Epilepsia Open ; 9(2): 592-601, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38173171

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Patients with epilepsy have high risk of experiencing uncommon causes of death. This study aimed to evaluate patients who underwent unusual deaths related to epilepsy and identify factors that may contribute to these deaths and may also include sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP). METHODS: We analyzed 5291 cases in which a postmortem imaging (PMI) study was performed using plane CT, because of an unexplained death. A rapid troponin T assay was performed using peripheral blood samples. Clinical information including the cause of death suspected by the attending physician, body position, place of death, medical history, and antiseizure medications was evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 132 (2.6%) patients had an obvious history of epilepsy, while 5159 individuals had no history of epilepsy (97.4%). Cerebrovascular disease was the cause of death in 1.6% of patients in the group with epilepsy, and this was significantly lower than that in the non-epilepsy group. However, drowning was significantly higher (9.1% vs. 4.4%). Unspecified cause of death was significantly more frequent in the epilepsy group (78.0% vs. 57.8%). Furthermore, the proportion of patients who demonstrated elevation of troponin T levels without prior cardiac disease was significantly higher in the epilepsy group (37.9% vs. 31.1%). At discovery of death, prone position was dominant (30.3%), with deaths occurring most commonly in the bedroom (49.2%). No antiseizure medication had been prescribed in 12% of cases, while 29.5% of patients were taking multiple antiseizure medications. SIGNIFICANCE: The prevalence of epilepsy in individuals experiencing unusual death was higher than in the general population. Despite PMI studies, no definitive cause of death was identified in a significant proportion of cases. The high troponin T levels may be explained by long intervals between death and examination or by higher incidence of myocardial damage at the time of death. PLAIN LANGUAGE SUMMARY: This study investigated unusual deaths in epilepsy patients, analyzing 5291 postmortem imaging cases. The results showed that 132 cases (2.6%) had a clear history of epilepsy. In these cases, only 22% cases were explained after postmortem examination, which is less than in non-epilepsy group (42.2%). Cerebrovascular disease was less common in the epilepsy group, while drowning was more common. Elevated troponin T levels, which suggest possibility of myocardial damage or long intervals between death and examination, were also more frequent in the epilepsy group compared to non-epilepsy group.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares , Afogamento , Epilepsia , Humanos , Troponina T/uso terapêutico , Epilepsia/tratamento farmacológico , Epilepsia/diagnóstico , Autopsia
18.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(2)2024 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38257424

RESUMO

Drowning poses a significant threat, resulting in unexpected injuries and fatalities. To promote water sports activities, it is crucial to develop surveillance systems that enhance safety around pools and waterways. This paper presents an overview of recent advancements in drowning detection, with a specific focus on image processing and sensor-based methods. Furthermore, the potential of artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning algorithms (MLAs), and robotics technology in this field is explored. The review examines the technological challenges, benefits, and drawbacks associated with these approaches. The findings reveal that image processing and sensor-based technologies are the most effective approaches for drowning detection systems. However, the image-processing approach requires substantial resources and sophisticated MLAs, making it costly and complex to implement. Conversely, sensor-based approaches offer practical, cost-effective, and widely applicable solutions for drowning detection. These approaches involve data transmission from the swimmer's condition to the processing unit through sensing technology, utilising both wired and wireless communication channels. This paper explores the recent developments in drowning detection systems while considering costs, complexity, and practicality in selecting and implementing such systems. The assessment of various technological approaches contributes to ongoing efforts aimed at improving water safety and reducing the risks associated with drowning incidents.


Assuntos
Afogamento , Humanos , Afogamento/diagnóstico , Água , Inteligência Artificial , Algoritmos , Tecnologia
19.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 55, 2024 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38167475

RESUMO

Airborne surface and underwater human pose recognition are crucial for various safety and surveillance applications, including the detection of individuals in distress or drowning situations. However, airborne optical cameras struggle to achieve simultaneous imaging of the surface and underwater because of limitations imposed by visible-light wavelengths. To address this problem, this study proposes the use of light detection and ranging (LiDAR) to simultaneously detect humans on the surface and underwater, whereby human poses are recognized using a neural network designed for irregular data. First, a temporal point-cloud dataset was constructed for surface and underwater human pose recognition to enhance the recognition of comparable movements. Subsequently, radius outlier removal (ROR) and statistical outlier removal (SOR) were employed to alleviate the impact of noise and outliers in the constructed dataset. Finally, different combinations of secondary sampling methods and sample sizes were tested to improve recognition accuracy using PointNet++. The experimental results show that the highest recognition accuracy reached 97.5012%, demonstrating the effectiveness of the proposed human pose detection and recognition method.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Afogamento , Humanos , Luz , Movimento , Redes Neurais de Computação
20.
Forensic Sci Int ; 355: 111939, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38246065

RESUMO

Diatom testing is considered a useful method for providing supportive evidence for the diagnosis of drowning in forensic pathology. However, various factors remain controversial for recognizing diatoms, such as being time-consuming and laborious and influencing the consistency of the results. Given the absence of precise and well-defined studies on this subject, this study aimed to determine the relationship between the ability to identify diatoms and researchers with different technical backgrounds. A total of 55 samples from 18 cases, including water, lungs, liver, and kidneys, were treated using the microwave digestion-vacuum filtration-automated scanning electron microscopy (MD-VF-Auto SEM), which was used to compare diatom analyses among three groups of well-trained forensic pathologists (FPs), trained junior employees (JEs), and new trainees (TEs). In addition to achieving similar accuracy of positive findings from drowning cases, counting efficiency was evaluated based on taxonomy records and counting time after viewing more than 5500 diatom images. In contrast to the higher counting efficiency of the JE group than that of the TE group, we observed a statistically significant difference (p < 0.05) in the diatom classification between these two groups. Based on our experiments, an efficient analysis for automatically identifying and classifying diatoms is urgently required.


Assuntos
Diatomáceas , Afogamento , Humanos , Afogamento/diagnóstico , Afogamento/patologia , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Patologia Legal/métodos , Fígado , Pulmão/patologia
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