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1.
Nutrients ; 16(11)2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38892499

RESUMO

The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) is a nutrition assistance program in the U.S. WIC served 2.5 million eligible Hispanic women, infants, and children under the age of five in 2021, which is WIC's largest racial/ethnic group. However, limited research has been conducted to understand Hispanic WIC participants' perceptions of WIC breastfeeding recommendations and their breastfeeding decisions. For this qualitative study, we interviewed 18 of these pregnant and postpartum WIC participants on their experiences and decision-making processes related to breastfeeding. Hispanic cultures and home country norms were identified as prominent influences on breastfeeding decisions, along with perceptions of WIC's breastfeeding support. These results can help the WIC program to refine its breastfeeding education to better meet the needs of Hispanic participants.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Assistência Alimentar , Hispânico ou Latino , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Humanos , Hispânico ou Latino/psicologia , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Aleitamento Materno/etnologia , Feminino , Adulto , Lactente , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Tomada de Decisões , Estados Unidos , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem , Pré-Escolar , Recém-Nascido
2.
Nutrients ; 16(11)2024 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38892611

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is the optimal nourishment for infants and it is recommended that children commence breastfeeding within the first hour of birth and be exclusively breastfed for the initial 6 months of life. Our objective was to determine which factors related to mothers could influence the degree of exclusive breastfeeding during hospitalization, as well as to assess breastfeeding mothers' attitudes towards breastfeeding. METHODS: A multicenter cross-sectional study was undertaken in the healthcare area of Santiago de Compostela, Spain. The necessary variables were collected using a specially designed ad hoc questionnaire. The researcher responsible for recruitment conducted the interviews with the participants. The reduced Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS-s) was employed to gauge maternal attitudes toward feeding their baby. RESULTS: In total, 64 women were studied. The overall score of IIFAS-s (mean ± standard deviation) was 36.95 ± 5.17. A positive attitude towards breastfeeding was therefore observed in our sample. No use of a pacifier by the newborn was associated with a positive attitude for breastfeeding. Having previous children (Ora = 6.40; IC95% 1.26-32.51) and previous experience with breastfeeding (Ora = 6.70; IC95% 1.31-34.27) increased the likelihood of exclusive breastfeeding during admission. CONCLUSIONS: In our study, exclusive breastfeeding during hospitalization is associated with having previous children and prior breastfeeding experience.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Mães , Humanos , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Espanha , Feminino , Adulto , Recém-Nascido , Mães/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Lactente , Hospitalização , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Hospitais , Chupetas/estatística & dados numéricos
3.
Nutrients ; 16(11)2024 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38892676

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding could improve a child's health early on, but its long-term effects on childhood behavioral and emotional development remain inconclusive. We aimed to estimate the associations of feeding practice with childhood behavioral and emotional development. METHODS: In this population-based birth cohort study, data on feeding patterns for the first 6 mo of life, the duration of breastfeeding, and children's emotional and behavioral outcomes were prospectively collected from 2489 mother-child dyads. Feeding patterns for the first 6 mo included exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) and non-exclusive breastfeeding (non-EBF, including mixed feeding or formula feeding), and the duration of breastfeeding (EBF or mixed feeding) was categorized into ≤6 mo, 7-12 mo, 13-18 mo, and >18 mo. Externalizing problems and internalizing problems were assessed with the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and operationalized according to recommended clinical cutoffs, corresponding to T scores ≥64. Multivariable linear regression and logistic regression were used to evaluate the association of feeding practice with CBCL outcomes. RESULTS: The median (interquartile range) age of children at the outcome measurement was 32.0 (17.0) mo. Compared with non-EBF for the first 6 mo, EBF was associated with a lower T score of internalizing problems [adjusted mean difference (aMD): -1.31; 95% confidence interval (95% CI): -2.53, -0.10], and it was marginally associated with T scores of externalizing problems (aMD: -0.88; 95% CI: -1.92, 0.15). When dichotomized, EBF versus non-EBF was associated with a lower risk of externalizing problems (aOR: 0.54, 95% CI: 0.34, 0.87), and it was marginally associated with internalizing problems (aOR: 0.75, 95% CI: 0.54, 1.06). Regarding the duration of breastfeeding, breastfeeding for 13-18 mo versus ≤6 mo was associated with lower T scores of internalizing problems (aMD: -2.50; 95% CI: -4.43, -0.56) and externalizing problems (aMD: -2.75; 95% CI: -4.40, -1.10), and breastfeeding for >18 mo versus ≤6 mo was associated with lower T scores of externalizing problems (aMD: -1.88; 95% CI: -3.68, -0.08). When dichotomized, breastfeeding for periods of 7-12 mo, 13-18 mo, and >18 mo was associated with lower risks of externalizing problems [aOR (95% CI): 0.96 (0.92, 0.99), 0.94 (0.91, 0.98), 0.96 (0.92, 0.99), respectively]. CONCLUSIONS: Exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 mo and a longer duration of breastfeeding, exclusively or partially, are beneficial for childhood behavioral and emotional development.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Comportamento Infantil , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Emoções , Humanos , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Feminino , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Masculino , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Recém-Nascido , Adulto , Coorte de Nascimento
4.
Int Breastfeed J ; 19(1): 42, 2024 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38890634

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early initiation of breastfeeding is the initiation of breastfeeding within one hour of birth, which plays a significant role in a born baby's growth and survival, however its prevalence and predictors among urban full-time readymade garments (RMG) working mothers are not investigated. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence and factors affecting early initiation of breastfeeding among urban RMG working mothers. METHODS: A sequential explanatory mixed-methods study was conducted between March 2023 and December 2023 in Dhaka, Bangladesh. A total of 452 full-time female RMG workers were included for the quantitative study. Qualitative study was carried out among 30 full-time female RMG workers, four female physicians who were employed in the RMGs, four RMG factory managers, and four local pediatricians. RESULTS: The prevalence of early initiation of breastfeeding was 40% among the women. It was significantly associated with various factors, including socio-cultural barriers, the advanced age of the mother (AOR 3.93, 95%CI 1.18, 13.04), lack of education (AOR 6.86, 95%CI 1.11, 42.49), lack of awareness, and cultural practices such as initiating goat milk and honey instead of breast milk. The absence of colostrum feeding (AOR 8.96, 95%CI 4.30, 18.70) and pre-lacteal feeding (AOR 0.06, 95%CI 0.03, 0.11) were significant baby feeding practice-related barriers to early initiation of breastfeeding. Maternal health factors, notably post-delivery sickness, cesarean delivery, and lack of breastmilk production, were revealed as a significant hindrance to the early initiation of breastfeeding explored from qualitative analysis. In addition, RMG factory-related factors that significantly affect early initiation of breastfeeding include a strong focus on production, a busy schedule, and a lack of initiative regarding the early initiation of breastfeeding. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of early initiation of breastfeeding among RMG working women is poor. This study emphasizes the need for interventions that address specific challenges of early initiation of breastfeeding faced by working mothers in RMG sectors, including improved lactation education, increased awareness to mitigate cultural barriers, RMG factory-based initiatives to empower female workers early initiation of breastfeeding, and preparing early initiation of breastfeeding -friendly post-cesarean unit at the health care facility.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Mães , População Urbana , Humanos , Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Feminino , Adulto , Mães/psicologia , Mães/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/psicologia , Vestuário , Recém-Nascido , Pobreza
5.
Salud Colect ; 20: e4776, 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38896420

RESUMO

Although evidence of the benefits of breastfeeding is widespread, there are several challenges to initiate and sustain it. Infant formula companies use marketing strategies that violate existing regulations, contributing to its early abandonment. We explore the digital marketing exposure of infant formulas in Argentina by analyzing people's interactions with brands and the traces of these interactions in conversations engaged in Facebook groups during 2022, from a qualitative approach based on digital ethnography. Results show that companies deploy regulatory avoidance tactics and seek contact with mothers. Users do not interact with the accounts but are exposed to their strategies given the correlation between product attributes present in advertising with their motivations and aspirations. The mediators between marketing and mothers are medical professionals, used as marketing resources. We conclude that authorities should promote new agreements on the practices of medical professionals and develop regulations taking into account digital environments.


Si bien es extendida la evidencia de los beneficios de la lactancia materna, diversos son los desafíos para iniciarla y sostenerla. Las empresas productoras de fórmulas infantiles utilizan estrategias de marketing violatorias de las regulaciones existentes, contribuyendo a su temprano abandono. Exploramos la exposición al marketing digital de las fórmulas infantiles en Argentina mediante el análisis de las interacciones de la población con las marcas y las huellas de dichas interacciones en conversaciones entabladas en grupos de Facebook durante 2022, desde un enfoque cualitativo basado en la etnografía digital. Los resultados muestran que las empresas despliegan tácticas elusivas de las regulaciones y buscan el contacto con las madres. Las usuarias no interactúan con las cuentas, pero están expuestas a sus estrategias dado el correlato entre los atributos del producto presentes en la publicidad con sus motivaciones y aspiraciones. Los mediadores entre el marketing y las madres son los profesionales médicos, utilizados como recursos del marketing. Concluimos que las autoridades deben promover nuevos acuerdos sobre las prácticas de los profesionales médicos y desarrollar regulaciones teniendo en cuenta los entornos digitales.


Assuntos
Antropologia Cultural , Fórmulas Infantis , Marketing , Argentina , Humanos , Marketing/métodos , Lactente , Mídias Sociais , Feminino , Mães/psicologia , Tecnologia Digital , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Publicidade/métodos , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Recém-Nascido
6.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1583, 2024 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38872131

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for the first six months of life, research suggests that breastfeeding initiation rates and duration among Indigenous communities differ from this recommendation. Qualitative studies point to a variety of factors influencing infant feeding decisions; however, there has been no collective review of this literature published to date. Therefore, the objective of this scoping review was to identify and summarize the qualitative literature regarding Indigenous infant feeding experiences within Canada, the United States, Australia, and Aotearoa. METHODS: Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses- Scoping Reviews and the Joanna Briggs Institute Guidelines, in October 2020, Medline, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Scopus were searched for relevant papers focusing on Indigenous infant feeding experiences. Screening and full-text review was completed by two independent reviewers. A grey literature search was also conducted using country-specific Google searches and targeted website searching. The protocol is registered with the Open Science Framework and published in BMJ Open. RESULTS: Forty-six papers from the five databases and grey literature searches were included in the final review and extraction. There were 18 papers from Canada, 11 papers in the US, 9 studies in Australia and 8 studies conducted in Aotearoa. We identified the following themes describing infant feeding experiences through qualitative analysis: colonization, culture and traditionality, social perceptions, family, professional influences, environment, cultural safety, survivance, establishing breastfeeding, autonomy, infant feeding knowledge, and milk substitutes, with family and culture having the most influence on infant feeding experiences based on frequency of themes. CONCLUSIONS: This review highlights key influencers of Indigenous caregivers' infant feeding experiences, which are often situated within complex social and environmental contexts with the role of family and culture as essential in supporting caregivers. There is a need for long-term follow-up studies that partner with communities to support sustainable policy and program changes that support infant and maternal health.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Austrália , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Aleitamento Materno/etnologia , Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Canadá , Estados Unidos
7.
Int Breastfeed J ; 19(1): 39, 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822371

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the known benefits of exclusive breastfeeding, global rates remain below recommended targets, with Ireland having one of the lowest rates in the world. This study explores the efficacy of Participatory Action Research (PAR) and Work-Based Learning Groups (WBLGs) to enhance breastfeeding practices within Irish healthcare settings from the perspective of WBLG participants and facilitators. METHODS: Employing a PAR approach, interdisciplinary healthcare professionals across maternity, primary, and community care settings (n = 94) participated in monthly WBLGs facilitated by three research and practice experts. These sessions, conducted over nine months (November 2021 - July 2022), focused on critical reflective and experiential learning to identify and understand existing breastfeeding culture and practices. Data were collected through participant feedback, facilitator notes, and reflective exercises, with analysis centered on participant engagement and the effectiveness of WBLGs. This approach facilitated a comprehensive understanding of breastfeeding support challenges and opportunities, leading to the development of actionable themes and strategies for practice improvement. RESULTS: Data analysis from WBLG participants led to the identification of five key themes: Empowerment, Ethos, Journey, Vision, and Personal Experience. These themes shaped the participants' meta-narrative, emphasising a journey of knowledge-building and empowerment for breastfeeding women and supporting staff, underlining the importance of teamwork and multidisciplinary approaches. The project team's evaluation highlighted four additional themes: Building Momentum, Balancing, Space Matters, and Being Present. These themes reflect the dynamics of the PAR process, highlighting the significance of creating a conducive environment for discussion, ensuring diverse engagement, and maintaining energy and focus to foster meaningful practice changes in breastfeeding support. CONCLUSION: This study highlights the potential of WBLGs and PAR to enhance the understanding and approach of healthcare professionals towards breastfeeding support. By fostering reflective and collaborative learning environments, the study has contributed to a deeper understanding of the challenges in breastfeeding support and identified key areas for improvement. The methodologies and themes identified hold promise to inform future practice and policy development in maternal and child health.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Humanos , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Feminino , Irlanda , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde , Adulto , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Promoção da Saúde , Pesquisa Participativa Baseada na Comunidade , Recém-Nascido
8.
Int Breastfeed J ; 19(1): 41, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38840129

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgery is the primary treatment for benign breast disease and causes some disruption to the normal physiology of the breast, even when this disruption is localised, it remains unclear whether it affects women's ability to breastfeed. There are only a few studies describing the experience of breastfeeding in women who have undergone benign breast disease (BBD) surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed data from patients aged 20-40 years in Guangdong, China, who underwent breast lumpectomy for BBD in our department between 01 January 2013 and 30 June 2019, with a follow-up date of 01 February 2022. Patients were included who had a history of childbirth between the time of surgery and the follow-up date. By collecting general information about this group of patients and information about breastfeeding after surgery, we described the breastfeeding outcomes of women of a fertile age who had previously undergone surgery for benign breast disease. RESULTS: With a median follow-up of 5.9 years, a total of 333 patients met the inclusion criteria. From the breastfeeding data of the first child born postoperatively, the mean duration of 'exclusive breastfeeding' was 5.1 months, and the mean duration of 'any breastfeeding' was 8.8 months. The rate of 'ever breastfeeding' is 91.0%, which is lower than the national average of 93.7%, while the exclusive breastfeeding rate at six months was 40.8%, was higher than the 29.2% national average. The any breastfeeding rate at 12 months was 30.0%, which was well below the 66.5% national average. The common reason for early breastfeeding cessation was insufficient breast milk. A total of 29.0% of patients who had ever breastfed after surgery voluntarily reduced the frequency and duration of breastfeeding on the operated breast because of the surgery. CONCLUSIONS: There are some impacts of BBD surgery on breastfeeding and some may be psychological. Institutions should provide more facilities for mothers who have undergone breast surgery to help them breastfeed, such as conducting community education on breastfeeding after breast surgery, training professional postoperative lactation consultants in hospitals, and extending maternity leave. Families should encourage mothers to breastfeed with both breasts instead of only the non-operated breast.


Assuntos
Doenças Mamárias , Aleitamento Materno , Humanos , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Adulto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças Mamárias/cirurgia , Doenças Mamárias/psicologia , China/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Int Breastfeed J ; 19(1): 40, 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38835086

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The 24-h rooming-in policy is crucial to the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) for promoting breastfeeding. However, this policy may restrict maternal autonomy. In 2018, to integrate women's preferences into care decisions, Taiwan's Baby-Friendly certification included prenatal shared decision-making (SDM) for rooming-in. Prior to 2018, maternal knowledge, considerations, and intentions regarding rooming-in and the impact of prenatal SDM were unknown. METHODS: A retrospective electronic medical record cohort study was conducted in southern Taiwan. Data on healthy postpartum women eligible for rooming-in and breastfeeding for the years 2017 and 2019, reflecting the periods before and after prenatal SDM was introduced, were gathered. Maternal and newborn characteristics, maternal knowledge, considerations, and prenatal intentions for postpartum rooming-in and breastfeeding during hospitalization were collected. Additionally, data on actual postpartum rooming-in practices during hospitalization and exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) practices from birth to hospital discharge, to 1 month, and to 2 months postpartum were collected. Descriptive and non-parametric statistics were applied to analyze the data. RESULTS: A total of 621 women in 2017 and 311 women in 2019 were included. After prenatal SDM was introduced, the rooming-in rate during hospitalization fell from 42.2% in 2017 to 25.6% in 2019 (p < 0.001), and the EBF rate declined from 45.9% to 35.7% (p = 0.01). Additionally, the 1-month postpartum EBF rate decreased from 46.4% in 2017 (n = 571) to 44.3% in 2019 (n = 264), and the 2-month postpartum EBF rate dropped from 45.5% in 2017 (n = 591) to 40.2% (n = 308). According to the 2019 Patient Decision Aids responses (n = 236), women demonstrated limited understanding of rooming-in, with only 40.7% expressing an intention toward 24-h rooming-in. Women of older maternal age (p < 0.001), with a graduate degree (p = 0.02), full-time employment (p = 0.04), and concerns about rest disruption (p < 0.001), were more likely to prefer non-24-h rooming-in. CONCLUSIONS: Initiatives must promote prenatal SDM to enable healthcare providers to address misconceptions and tailor education, thereby increasing women's intention toward 24-h rooming-in and EBF. Future research should explore women's experiences and unmet needs at BFHI facilities to inform the construction of a baby- and mother-friendly environment.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Tomada de Decisão Compartilhada , Humanos , Taiwan , Feminino , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem , Mães/psicologia
10.
J Glob Health ; 14: 04094, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38845456

RESUMO

Background: Maternal empowerment - the capacity to make decisions within households - is linked to better child feeding and nutritional outcomes, but few studies have considered the mediating role of caregiver knowledge. Further, existing literature centres primarily on the husband-wife dyad while overlooking grandmothers as important childcare decision-makers. Methods: We collected primary data through household surveys in 2019 and 2021 from 1190 households with infants zero to six months living in rural western China. We identified the primary and secondary caregivers for each infant and assessed their feeding knowledge and practices, as well as infant nutritional status. We constructed a maternal empowerment index using a seven-item decision-making questionnaire and examined the relationship between maternal empowerment in childcare and household decisions, caregivers' feeding knowledge, and infant feeding practices and nutritional outcomes. Results: Mothers had significantly higher levels of feeding knowledge than secondary caregivers (most were grandmothers, 72.7%), with average knowledge scores of 5.4 vs. 4.1, respectively, out of 9. Mothers and secondary caregivers with higher levels of feeding knowledge had significantly higher exclusive breastfeeding rates by 13-15 percentage points (P < 0.01) and 11-13 percentage points (P < 0.01), respectively. The knowledge of secondary caregivers was even more strongly associated with not feeding formula (15 percentage points, P < 0.01). Mothers empowered to make childcare decisions were more likely to exclusively breastfeed (12-13 percentage points, P < 0.01), less likely to formula feed (9-10 percentage points, P < 0.05), and more likely to have children with higher Z-scores for length-for-age (0.32-0.33, P < 0.01) and weight-for-age (0.24-0.25, P < 0.05). Effects remained after controlling for maternal feeding knowledge. Conclusions: While mothers' and grandmothers' feeding knowledge was both important for optimal infant feeding, grandmothers' knowledge was particularly critical for practicing exclusive breastfeeding. Given the disparity in feeding knowledge between the two caregivers, our study further shows that mothers empowered in childcare decision-making were more likely to exclusively breastfeed their infants. This implies that some mothers with adequate knowledge may not practice optimal feeding because of lower decision-making power. Overall, our study highlights the role of secondary caregivers (grandmothers) in infant care and suggests that future child nutritional interventions may benefit from involving secondary caregivers (grandmothers). Registration: Parent trial registration: ISRCTN16800789.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Empoderamento , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente , Mães , População Rural , Humanos , China , Lactente , Feminino , Mães/psicologia , Mães/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Recém-Nascido , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Estado Nutricional , Inquéritos e Questionários , Cuidadores/psicologia , Cuidadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Avós/psicologia , Tomada de Decisões
11.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 77(3): e20230490, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38896662

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to develop and validate the content and interface of a guidance website to support families in promoting Food and Nutrition Security for children under six months who are not breastfed. METHODS: methodological study, Knowledge Translation, in two stages of creation: 1) content and validation on the criterion of accuracy in a panel of experts; 2) interface and validation on the criteria of content, language, illustrations, layout, motivation, culture and applicability. RESULTS: the "Milky Way" website is freely available: https://www.ufsm.br/pet/ciencia-da-computacao/alimentacao-lactea. The content was structured in a decision tree made up of types of milk: milk formula, whole cow's milk and powdered milk; and utensils: bottle, cup and measuring spoon. There were 46 illustrations to elucidate the content, facilitate understanding and engage the target population. The Content Validity Index was 0.91. CONCLUSIONS: the website is a validated technology with evidence-based written and pictorial content translated for use with families.


Assuntos
Internet , Humanos , Lactente , Feminino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Família/psicologia , Aleitamento Materno/métodos , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia
12.
Reprod Health ; 21(1): 74, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824530

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Enhancing breastfeeding practices, even in affluent nations, significantly reduces child mortality rates. Nevertheless, three out of five newborns do not receive breastfeeding within the first hour of birth. Research indicates that under high-risk pregnancy circumstances, there may be challenges in initiating and sustaining breastfeeding. Infants born from high-risk pregnancies are particularly vulnerable to illnesses and mortality. Although breastfeeding serves as a protective measure against various infant and post-infancy ailments, many mothers encounter difficulties in commencing or maintaining breastfeeding due to complications associated with their conditions. The present study aims to illuminate the understanding and experience of breastfeeding in mothers with high-risk pregnancies, considering the cultural and social context of Iran. METHOD: This study is a qualitative research utilizing a conventional content analysis approach. In this qualitative study, mothers who have undergone a high-risk pregnancy and currently have infants under 6 months old will be chosen through purposeful and snowball sampling. Their breastfeeding experiences will be gathered through individual, semi-structured, and face-to-face interviews. In addition to interviews, observation and focus groups will also be used to collect data. Data analysis was performed using Graneheim and Lundman's method with MAXQDA software version 10, VERBI Software GmbH, Berlin. The study will utilize the criteria of Lincoln and Guba (1985) for validity and reliability. DISCUSSION: This qualitative study aims to investigate the experiences and challenges of breastfeeding in mothers with high-risk pregnancies to pinpoint breastfeeding barriers in this demographic and develop essential interventions and strategies to address these obstacles.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Mães , Gravidez de Alto Risco , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Humanos , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Feminino , Gravidez , Mães/psicologia , Gravidez de Alto Risco/psicologia , Recém-Nascido , Irã (Geográfico) , Adulto , Percepção , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Lactente
13.
South Med J ; 117(6): 323-329, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38830586

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to explore postpartum individuals' experiences and perceptions of breastfeeding and International Board Certified Lactation Consultants' (IBCLC) knowledge and perceptions of maternity care practices and perceived barriers to breastfeeding among their patient populations in Appalachia. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with seven IBCLCs and seven postpartum individuals. Interviews were recorded and transcribed. Thematic analysis was conducted to determine emergent themes and subthemes related to knowledge/perceptions, experiences, and barriers to breastfeeding among postpartum individuals, as well as emergent themes associated with the knowledge and perceptions of maternity care practices, easy-/difficult-to-implement Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative maternity care practices, and perceived barriers to breastfeeding among IBCLCs. RESULTS: Postpartum individuals recruited from an Appalachian obstetrics/gynecology clinic were aware of the benefits of breastfeeding, but their infant feeding journeys were more stressful than they expected, and they had limited access to lactation support and breastfeeding education/information. IBCLCs identified the benefits of the Baby-Friendly maternity care practices but mentioned some risks, especially when there is a lack of communication and coordination among providers. Environmental and informational barriers were identified by both postpartum individuals and IBCLCs as breastfeeding challenges potentially amenable to change. CONCLUSIONS: To support postpartum mothers in the Appalachian region, environmental barriers (eg, lack of lactation support) and informational barriers (eg, lack of prenatal education) need to be addressed.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Humanos , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Região dos Apalaches , Feminino , Adulto , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Serviços de Saúde Materna/normas , Recém-Nascido , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Gravidez , Entrevistas como Assunto , Consultores/psicologia
14.
Nurse Educ Today ; 139: 106227, 2024 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38696885

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Trying to juggle multiple roles and responsibilities as a student, nurse, and mother can be challenging due to pressures from overlapping time management. This study was conducted to explore the experiences of graduate students who work as nurses and are mothers. METHODS: The qualitative phenomenological data for this study were gathered from nurses at a training and research hospital between August and November 2022, utilizing face-to-face interviews. The study cohort comprised twelve nurses aged 28 to 48, all actively engaged in postgraduate education. Data were collected using a descriptive information form and semi-structured interviews. Thematic analysis was executed through inductive coding, facilitated by the Max Qualitative Data Analysis (MAXQDA) Analytics Pro2022 software. RESULTS: Four central themes were developed: "Experiences During the Breastfeeding Process," "Positive Effects," "Encountered Challenges," and "Expectations." CONCLUSIONS: The findings underscored that nurses who are mothers and pursuing postgraduate education encounter difficulties throughout their academic pursuits, notably attributed to working conditions and professional cultural values.


Assuntos
Educação de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem , Mães , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Humanos , Adulto , Feminino , Mães/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos
15.
Midwifery ; 134: 104019, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718431

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to develop and validate a predictive model of initiation of breastfeeding in the first hour after delivery. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study on women who gave birth between 2013 and 2018 in Spain. For data collection, an ad hoc questionnaire was designed to be filled in by the mothers, which was distributed to the different Spanish breastfeeding associations which, in turn, shared it with their associate partners. The development of the predictive model was made on a cohort of 3218 women (2/3) and was validated on a cohort of 1609 women (1/3). Mothers whose children were admitted to hospital at the time of birth were excluded. A multivariate analysis was performed by means of logistic regression, and predictive ability was determined by areas under the ROC curve (AUC). RESULTS: 81.0 % (2608) women started breastfeeding in the first hour in the derivation cohort, and 80.1 % (1289) in the validation cohort. The predictive factors in the final model were: the highest number of children and skin-to-skin contact at birth as flattering factors, while dystocic delivery reduced the likelihood of the onset of breastfeeding. The predictive ability (ROC AUC) in the derivation cohort was 0.89 (CI 95 %: 0.87-0.90), while in the validation cohort it was 0.89 (CI 95 %: 0.87-0.92). CONCLUSIONS: This three-variable predictive model has excellent predictive ability in both the derivation cohort and the validation cohort. This model can identify women who are at high risk of non-initiating breastfeeding within the first hour after delivery.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Humanos , Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Aleitamento Materno/métodos , Feminino , Adulto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Espanha , Estudos de Coortes , Gravidez , Mães/psicologia , Mães/estatística & dados numéricos , Recém-Nascido , Fatores de Tempo , Modelos Logísticos
16.
Epilepsy Behav ; 156: 109773, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38788655

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to characterize practice patterns of neurologists and obstetricians in breastfeeding (BF) counseling in women with epilepsy (WWE) and explore factors that may influence physician counseling behaviors. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of neurologists and obstetricians via an anonymous survey from September 2021 until November 2021. A survey was developed to explore the following areas in WWE: current physicians' BF counseling patterns, physician-specific factors affecting BF counseling, and patient-specific factors and their impact on BF counseling. Descriptive statistics were generated for each survey question. Responses from neurologists and obstetricians were compared. Odds ratios (OR) and confidence intervals (CI) were calculated to assess factors that influence BF counseling in WWE. RESULTS: A total of 185 physicians participated in the study and consisted of 91 (49.2 %) neurologists, 83 (44.8 %) obstetricians, and 11 (6 %) participants from other specialties. Ninety-four percent (94 %) of neurologists and 92 % of obstetricians indicated that they provide BF safety counseling to WWE primarily during preconception and occasionally during pregnancy. Fifty-six percent of obstetricians reported being very comfortable with BF counseling in WWE, compared to 68 % of neurologists. Both groups rated research and clinical practice guidelines as two factors that have major impact on BF counseling; however, less than half (45 %) of neurologists are very familiar with the current literature and only a quarter (24 %) of obstetricians are very familiar with current literature regarding safety of BF in WWE. Regarding barriers to BF counseling, relative to neurologists, obstetricians believe that delivery of conflicting opinions among medical specialists about BF safety is a barrier that may impede effective BF counseling in WWE [OR = 2.78 (95 % CI: 1.30,5.95), adjusted p value (P = 0.008)]. SIGNIFICANCE: Variable knowledge of current literature in BF in WWE and low comfort levels in BF counseling among various specialists, as well as perceived inadequate data and clinical practice guidelines, may contribute to suboptimal BF counseling and impact health outcomes in WWE and their children.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Aconselhamento , Epilepsia , Neurologistas , Obstetrícia , Padrões de Prática Médica , Humanos , Feminino , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Epilepsia/psicologia , Epilepsia/terapia , Adulto , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Médicos/psicologia , Obstetra
17.
West J Nurs Res ; 46(7): 525-531, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38712894

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children, also known as WIC, is associated with improved health outcomes for participants. The role of WIC Peer Counselors was created to support breastfeeding among WIC participants. OBJECTIVE: This Naturalistic Inquiry study explored the perceptions and experiences of 9 WIC Peer Counselors located in Southeast Texas. METHODS: The WIC Peer Counselors were recruited via purposive and snowball sampling and participated in semi-structured face-to-face interviews. Data collection, analysis, and trustworthiness adhered to established guidelines. RESULTS: Study findings revealed the novel approaches the WIC Peer Counselors used to encourage, initiate, support, and sustain WIC participants' breastfeeding, including using tools of their craft, involving and educating family members, making themselves accessible 24/7, and identifying the need for equipment and supplies. CONCLUSIONS: The WIC Peer Counselors' understanding of the breastfeeding culture of their WIC clients and their unique ability to establish and maintain rapport with them make WIC Peer Counselors ideally suited resources to meet the WIC goal of increasing breastfeeding and thereby improving the health of the nation. Health care providers should recognize the valuable, yet unrecognized and underutilized, contributions of WIC Peer Counselors and consider referring pregnant and postpartum dyads to WIC for breastfeeding education and support.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Conselheiros , Assistência Alimentar , Grupo Associado , Humanos , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Feminino , Conselheiros/psicologia , Texas , Adulto , Aconselhamento/métodos , Aconselhamento/normas , Apoio Social , Pesquisa Qualitativa
18.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 11417, 2024 05 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38763963

RESUMO

Associations between depressive symptoms and breastfeeding are well documented. However, evidence is lacking for subdivisions of feeding styles, namely exclusive breastfeeding, exclusive formula feeding and a mixed feeding style (breastfeeding and formula feeding). In addition, studies examining associations between mother-child-bonding and breastfeeding have yielded mixed results. The aim of this study is to provide a more profound understanding of the different feeding styles and their associations with maternal mental health and mother-child-bonding. Data from 307 women were collected longitudinally in person (prenatally) and by telephone (3 months postnatally) using validated self-report measures, and analyzed using correlational analyses, unpaired group comparisons and regression analyses. Our results from a multinomial regression analysis revealed that impaired mother-child-bonding was positively associated with mixed feeding style (p = .003) and depressive symptoms prenatal were positively associated with exclusive formula feeding (p = .013). Further studies could investigate whether information about the underlying reasons we found for mixed feeding, such as insufficient weight gain of the child or the feeling that the child is unsatiated, could help prevent impaired mother-child-bonding. Overall, the results of this study have promising new implications for research and practice, regarding at-risk populations and implications for preventive measures regarding postpartum depression and an impaired mother-child-bonding.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Depressão Pós-Parto , Depressão , Relações Mãe-Filho , Humanos , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Feminino , Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia , Adulto , Depressão Pós-Parto/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Fórmulas Infantis , Lactente , Apego ao Objeto , Mães/psicologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Alimentação com Mamadeira/psicologia
20.
Int Breastfeed J ; 19(1): 37, 2024 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38796467

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Paid parental leave policies may promote breastfeeding, which can have short- and long-term health benefits for both members of the birthing person-infant dyad. In the United States, where 56% of the workforce qualifies for unpaid federal medical leave, certain states have recently enacted paid parental and family leave policies. We aimed to assess the extent to which living in states with versus without paid family leave was associated with feeding regimens that included breastfeeding. METHODS: In this cross-sectional analysis of the 2021 National Immunization Survey-Child, we assessed feeding outcomes: (1) exclusively breastfed (only fed breastmilk-never infant formula-both before and after six months of age), (2) late mixed breastfeeding (formula after six months), (3) early mixed breastfeeding (breastfed, formula before six months), and (4) never breastfed. We conducted Pearson χ2 to compare social-demographic characteristics and multivariable nominal regression to assess extent to paid family leave was associated with breastfeeding regimens, compared with never breastfeeding. RESULTS: Of the 35,995 respondents, 5,806 (25% of weighted respondents) were from states with paid family leave policies. Compared with never breastfeeding, all feeding that incorporated breastfeeding-exclusive breastfeeding, late mixed feeding (breastfed, formula introduced after six months), and early mixed feeding (breastfed, formula introduced before six months)-were more prevalent in states with paid family leave policies. The adjusted prevalence ratio (aPR) and differences in adjusted prevalence compared with never breastfeeding in states with versus without paid family leave policies were: aPR 1.41 (95% CI 1.15, 1.73), 5.36% difference for exclusive breastfeeding; aPR 1.25 (95% CI 1.01, 1.53), 3.19% difference for late mixed feeding, aPR 1.32 (95% CI 1.32, 1.97), 5.42% difference for early mixed feeding. CONCLUSION: States with paid family leave policies have higher rates of any breastfeeding and of exclusive breastfeeding than states without such policies. Because all feeding types that incorporate breastfeeding were higher in states with paid family leave policies, expansion of paid family leave may improve breastfeeding rates.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Humanos , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Estados Unidos , Lactente , Adulto , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Licença Parental , Adulto Jovem , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família , Adolescente
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