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1.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(2): 153, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38366003

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Palatal rugae are frequently used in the evaluation of tooth movement after treatment in orthodontics and as a stable region in superimposition. It is important to note that the impression method and material used to record the rugae region affect the accuracy of the impression. The aim of this study is to compare the accuracy of palatal rugae, in three-dimensional (3D) by employing both conventional and digital impression methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 22 patients (12 females, 10 males) mean age of 13.5 ± 1.7 years old were selected with complete permanent dentition. Three different impressions were taken from the maxillae of the patients: conventional impression using silicone rubber impression material, conventional impression using alginate impression material, and optical impression using an intraoral scanner. The impressions' digital data were analyzed by the GOM Inspect (Version 2018, Braunschweig, Germany), a 3D analysis software. The Root Mean Square (RMS) values of the total ruga region were evaluated in this software. The data were statistically analyzed using the Jamovi program. The Kruskal-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney U test were performed due to the non-normal distribution of the data. RESULTS: There is no statistically significant difference between the comparison points of the right and left rugae's medial and lateral points and total rugae regions' RMS values. Although there was no statistically significant difference, the total RMS values of alginate and digital scan measurements showed closer results than the RMS values of silicone and digital scan measurements. CONCLUSION: The study found that there was no statistically significant difference in the total RMS values of the ruga region between traditional and digital impression methods. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The treatment period in orthodontics is long. Different impression materials and methods can be used for diagnostic, mid-treatment, and final impressions. For superimpositions and treatment and post-treatment palatal ruga evaluations, traditional and digital impression methods are clinically acceptable and can be used as alternatives to each other.


Assuntos
Técnica de Moldagem Odontológica , Imageamento Tridimensional , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Criança , Adolescente , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Modelos Dentários , Palato , Materiais para Moldagem Odontológica , Alginatos , Desenho Assistido por Computador
2.
Carbohydr Polym ; 330: 121812, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368083

RESUMO

Biomacromolecules based injectable and self-healing hydrogels possessing high mechanical properties have widespread potential in biomedical field. However, dynamic features are usually inversely proportional to toughness. It is challenging to simultaneously endow these properties to the dynamic hydrogels. Here, we fabricated an injectable nanocomposite hydrogel (CS-NPs@OSA-l-Gtn) stimultaneously possessing excellent autonomous self-healing performance and high mechanical strength by doping chitosan nanoparticles (CS-NPs) into dynamic polymer networks of oxidized sodium alginate (OSA) and gelatin (Gtn) in the presence of borax. The synergistic effect of the multiple reversible interactions combining dynamic covalent bonds (i.e., imine bond and borate ester bond) and noncovalent interactions (i.e., electrostatic interaction and hydrogen bond) provide effective energy dissipation to endure high fatigue resistance and cyclic loading. The dynamic hydrogel exhibited excellent mechanical properties like maximum 2.43 MPa compressive strength, 493.91 % fracture strain, and 89.54 kJ/m3 toughness. Moreover, the integrated hydrogel after injection and self-healing could withstand 150 successive compressive cycles. Besides, the bovine serum albumin embedded in CS-NPs could be sustainably released from the nanocomposite hydrogel for 12 days. This study proposes a novel strategy to synthesize an injectable and self-healing hydrogel combined with excellent mechanical properties for designing high-strength natural carriers with sustained protein delivery.


Assuntos
Alginatos , Quitosana , Alginatos/química , Nanogéis , Gelatina/química , Hidrogéis/química , Polímeros , Quitosana/química
3.
Food Res Int ; 178: 113944, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309870

RESUMO

In this study, electrospun zein/alginate dialdehyde (AD) nanofibers were prepared by green crosslinking. The degree of crosslinking could reach 50.72 %, and the diameter of electrospun fibers ranged from 446.2 to 541.8 nm. The generation of AD and the bonding of crosslinking were further confirmed by the changes on characteristic peaks and conformational ratios in the infrared spectroscopy and secondary structure analysis. High concentrations of AD led to improved thermal stabilities, mechanical properties, and hydrophobicity. And the highly crosslinked nanofibers (Z-8) owned the highest elastic modulus (24.92 MPa), tensile strength (0.28 MPa), and elongation at break (8.14 %) among five samples. Moreover, Z-8 possessed a high swelling ratio of 5.45 g/g, and a low weight loss of 6.09 %. The samples could encapsulate curcumin efficiently and show controllable release behaviors based on different AD addition. And the oxidation resistance of nanofibers gradually improved, consistent with the release performances. This study indicated AD crosslinking favored the preparation and application of zein nanofibers, and the oxidized polysaccharide acted as the green crosslinking agent, which provided reference value for the application of polysaccharides in food-related electrospun materials.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Nanofibras , Zeína , Zeína/química , Alginatos , Nanofibras/química , Resistência à Tração
4.
J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater ; 112(2): e35375, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38359171

RESUMO

Enzyme replacement therapy for hyperuricemia treatment has been proven effective for critical state hyperuricemia patients. Still, direct administration of recombinant uricase can induce several fatal side effects. To circumvent this drawback, hydrogel protein carriers can be used in platforms for extracorporeal treatment such as microscale-based devices. In this work, calcium alginate and poly-(vinyl alcohol) hydrogel films were studied for their urate oxidase immobilization and uric acid reduction, which could be implemented in microscale-based extracorporeal devices. A mathematical model was developed in conjunction with uric acid reduction experiments to evaluate the influence of mass transfer and reaction parameters in the Michaelis-Menten kinetic expression. Alginate hydrogels prepared with crosslinker 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide and N-(hydroxysuccinimide) offered superior diffusivity of uric acid in the gel matrix at the maximum value of D g , UA ≈ $$ {D}_{\mathrm{g},\mathrm{UA}}\approx $$ 1.98 × 10-11 m2 /s compared with alginate prepared solely from ionic crosslinking with D g , UA ≈ $$ {D}_{\mathrm{g},\mathrm{UA}}\approx $$ 5.31 × 10-12 m2 /s at the same alginate concentration. The maximum value of νmax was experimentally determined at 7.78 × 10-5 mol/(m3 s). A 3% sodium alginate hydrogel with crosslinkers yielded the highest reduction of uric acid at 92.70%. The mathematical model demonstrated an excellent prediction of uric acid conversion suggesting potential use of the model for formulation and maximizing the therapeutic performance of functionalized hydrogels.


Assuntos
Hiperuricemia , Metilgalactosídeos , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Úrico/uso terapêutico , Hidrogéis/uso terapêutico , Alginatos
5.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0292931, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363771

RESUMO

Enzymes are biological molecules that act as catalysts and speed up the biochemical reactions. The world's biotechnological ventures are development of enzyme productiveness, and advancement of novel techniques for thriving their shelf existence. Nowadays, the most burning questions in enzyme technology are how to improve the enzyme productivity and reuse them. The immobilization of enzymes provides an excellent scope to reuse the enzymes several times to increase productivity. The main aim of the present study is the establishment of an immobilized multi-enzyme bio-system engineering process for the production of High-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) with an industrial focus. In this study, multi-enzyme such as α-amylase, glucoamylase and glucose isomerase were immobilized in various support matrices like sodium alginate, sawdust, sugarcane bagasse, rice bran and combination of alginate with cellulosic materials. The activities of the immobilized multi-enzyme system for the production of HFCS from the starch solution were determined. The multi-enzyme immobilized in sodium alginate shows better fructose conversion than free enzyme. Among the support matrices, multi-enzyme immobilized in sawdust produced total 80.74 mg/mL of fructose from starch solution and it was able to be used in several production cycles. On the other hand, multi-enzyme immobilized in combination of sodium alginate and sawdust produced the maximum amount of fructose (total 84.82 mg/mL). The free enzyme produced 17.25 mg/mL of fructose from the starch solution in only a single cycle. In this study a new fixed bed immobilized multi-enzyme bioreactor system was developed for the production of HFCS directly from starch. This finding will create a new opportunity for the application of immobilized multi-enzyme systems in many sectors of industrial biotechnology.


Assuntos
Xarope de Milho Rico em Frutose , Saccharum , Celulose , Saccharum/metabolismo , Enzimas Imobilizadas/química , Frutose/metabolismo , Amido/metabolismo , Alginatos/química
6.
Water Sci Technol ; 89(3): 513-528, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38358486

RESUMO

In the current study, a novel methylene blue (MB)-based colorimetric method for a quick, inexpensive, and facile approach for the determination of fouling intensity of reverse osmosis (RO) membrane has been reported. This technique is based on the interaction of MB with the organic foulants and shows the corresponding change in the colour intensity depending on the severity of fouling. The organic foulants, such as albumin, sodium alginate, and carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), were chosen as model foulants, and the membranes were subjected to foul under extreme fouling conditions. The fouled membranes underwent an MB treatment followed by image-processing analyses. The severity of surface fouling of membranes was evaluated in terms of fouling intensity and correlated with the corresponding decline of permeate flux. The maximum fouling intensity of the albumin, sodium alginate, and CMC sodium were found to be 8.83, 23.38, and 9.19%, respectively, for the definite concentration of foulants. The physico-chemical interactions of the given foulants and MB were confirmed by changes in zeta potentials and increased sizes of the foulant by the dynamic light scattering technique. The surface fouling over the membrane surface was confirmed by the characterization of membranes.


Assuntos
Colorimetria , Azul de Metileno , Albuminas , Alginatos , Carboximetilcelulose Sódica , Osmose
7.
Biomacromolecules ; 25(2): 1246-1261, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305191

RESUMO

Preserving stable tooth-periodontal tissue integration is vital for maintaining alveolar bone stability under physiological conditions. However, tooth extraction compromises this integration and impedes socket healing. Therefore, it becomes crucial to provide early stage coverage of the socket to promote optimal healing. Drawing inspiration from the periodontium, we have developed a quaternized methacryloyl chitosan/dopamine-grafted oxidized sodium alginate hydrogel, termed the quaternized methacryloyl chitosan/dopamine-grafted oxidized sodium alginate hydrogel (QDL hydrogel). Through blue-light-induced cross-linking, the QDL hydrogel serves as a comprehensive wound dressing for socket healing. The QDL hydrogel exhibits remarkable efficacy in closing irregular tooth extraction wounds. Its favorable mechanical properties, flexible formability, and strong adhesion are achieved through modifications of chitosan and sodium alginate derived from biomass sources. Moreover, the QDL hydrogel demonstrates a superior hemostatic ability, facilitating swift blood clot formation. Additionally, the inherent antibacterial properties of the QDL hydrogel effectively inhibit oral microorganisms. Furthermore, the QDL hydrogel promotes angiogenesis, which facilitates the nutrient supply for subsequent tissue regeneration. Notably, the hydrogel accelerates socket healing by upregulating the expression of genes associated with wound healing. In conclusion, the periodontium-mimicking multifunctional hydrogel exhibits significant potential as a clinical tooth extraction wound dressing.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Hidrogéis , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Biomassa , Quitosana/farmacologia , Dopamina , Periodonto , Alginatos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia
8.
Biomed Mater ; 19(2)2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306683

RESUMO

Bioprinting shows promise for bioengineered scaffolds and three-dimensional (3D) disease models, but assessing the viability of embedded cells is challenging. Conventional assays are limited by the technical problems that derive from using multi-layered bioink matrices dispersing cells in three dimensions. In this study, we tested bioprinted osteogenic bioinks as a model system. Alginate- or gelatin-based bioinks were loaded with/without ceramic microparticles and osteogenic cells (bone tumor cells, with or without normal bone cells). Despite demonstrating 80%-90% viability through manual counting and live/dead staining, this was time-consuming and operator-dependent. Moreover, for the alginate-bioprinted scaffold, cell spheroids could not be distinguished from single cells. The indirect assay (alamarBlue), was faster but less accurate than live/dead staining due to dependence on hydrogel permeability. Automated confocal microscope acquisition and cell counting of live/dead staining was more reproducible, reliable, faster, efficient, and avoided overestimates compared to manual cell counting by optical microscopy. Finally, for 1.2 mm thick 3D bioprints, dual-photon confocal scanning with vital staining greatly improved the precision of the evaluation of cell distribution and viability and cell-cell interactions through thez-axis. In summary, automated confocal microscopy and cell counting provided superior accuracy for the assessment of cell viability and interactions in 3D bioprinted models compared to most commonly and currently used techniques.


Assuntos
Bioimpressão , Hidrogéis , Sobrevivência Celular , Esferoides Celulares , Alginatos , Osso e Ossos , Bioimpressão/métodos , Gelatina , Impressão Tridimensional , Tecidos Suporte , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos
9.
Nutrients ; 16(3)2024 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38337697

RESUMO

The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a novel alginate-encapsulated carbohydrate-protein (CHO-PRO ratio 2:1) supplement (ALG) on cycling performance. The ALG, designed to control the release of nutrients, was compared to an isocaloric carbohydrate-only control (CON). Alginate encapsulation of CHOs has the potential to reduce the risk of carious lesions. METHODS: In a randomised cross-over clinical trial, 14 men completed a preliminary test over 2 experimental days separated by ~6 days. An experimental day consisted of an exercise bout (EX1) of cycling until exhaustion at W~73%, followed by 5 h of recovery and a subsequent time-to-exhaustion (TTE) performance test at W~65%. Subjects ingested either ALG (0.8 g CHO/kg/hr + 0.4 g PRO/kg/hr) or CON (1.2 g CHO/kg/hr) during the first 2 h of recovery. RESULTS: Participants cycled on average 75.2 ± 5.9 min during EX1. Levels of plasma branched-chain amino acids decreased significantly after EX1, and increased significantly with the intake of ALG during the recovery period. During recovery, a significantly higher plasma insulin and glucose response was observed after intake of CON compared to ALG. Intake of ALG increased plasma glucagon, free fatty acids, and glycerol significantly. No differences were found in the TTE between the supplements (p = 0.13) nor in the pH of the subjects' saliva. CONCLUSIONS: During the ALG supplement, plasma amino acids remained elevated during the recovery. Despite the 1/3 less CHO intake with ALG compared to CON, the TTE performance was similar after intake of either supplement.


Assuntos
Alginatos , Desempenho Atlético , Masculino , Humanos , Alginatos/farmacologia , Desempenho Atlético/fisiologia , Resistência Física , Carboidratos da Dieta/farmacologia , Atletas , Suplementos Nutricionais
10.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(6): 3055-3065, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38298105

RESUMO

Alginate lyase degrades alginate by the ß-elimination mechanism to produce unsaturated alginate oligosaccharides (UAOS), which have better bioactivities than saturated AOS. Enhancing the thermal stability of alginate lyases is crucial for their industrial applications. In this study, a feasible and efficient rational design strategy was proposed by combining the computer-aided ΔΔG value calculation with the B-factor analysis. Two thermal stability-enhanced mutants, Q246V and K249V, were obtained by site-directed mutagenesis. Particularly, the t1/2, 50 °C for mutants Q246V and K249V was increased from 2.36 to 3.85 and 3.65 h, respectively. Remarkably, the specific activities of Q246V and K249V were enhanced to 2.41- and 2.96-fold that of alginate lyase AlyMc, respectively. Structural analysis and molecular dynamics simulations suggested that mutations enhanced the hydrogen bond networks and the overall rigidity of the molecular structure. Notably, mutant Q246V exhibited excellent thermal stability among the PL-7 alginate lyase family, especially considering the heightened enzymatic activity. Moreover, the rational design strategy used in this study can effectively improve the thermal stability of enzymes and has important significance in advancing applications of alginate lyase.


Assuntos
Alginatos , Polissacarídeo-Liases , Polissacarídeo-Liases/química , Alginatos/química , Oligossacarídeos/química , Especificidade por Substrato , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
11.
J Environ Manage ; 353: 120283, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38330842

RESUMO

The recovery of rare earth elements (REEs) including neodymium (Nd) and dysprosium (Dy) from NdFeB permanent magnets has become one of the main ways to solve the increased demand for rare earth. Herein, n-dodecyl phosphate (DPPA) was used for the first time as the adsorption functional group donor, sodium alginate as the substrate, and calcium chloride solution as the reactive solvent, a hybrid hydrogel adsorbent DPPA/CaALG was synthesized by sol-gel method for application in the adsorption and separation of Nd and Dy from the Co-Nd-Dy ternary system. SEM-EDS, and N2 adsorption-desorption analysis showed the successful preparation of DDPA/CaALG with mesoporous structure. Batch experiments showed the superiority of the hybrid hydrogel for the good selective adsorption of Nd and Dy, such as large adsorption capacity (Nd: 162.5 mg/g, Dy: 183.5 mg/g), and no adsorption for Co. FT-IR, XPS showed that PO and P-O groups are involved in the adsorption process of Nd and Dy as electron acceptors, where the ion exchange of P-OH is dominant. Furthermore, the chemical properties of ligands and complexes were analyzed by Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations and revealed their adsorption behaviors as well as the competition between different metal ions.


Assuntos
Metais Terras Raras , Neodímio , Disprósio , Hidrogéis , Adsorção , Alginatos , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Fosfatos
12.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 161, 2024 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38168144

RESUMO

In the current study, the creation of a chitosan/alginate scaffold hydrogel with and without FeO-NPs or CuO-NPs was studied. From fetal ovine bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) were isolated and cultivated. Their differentiation into osteocyte and adipose cells was investigated. Also, on the scaffolds, cytotoxicity and apoptosis were studied. To investigate the differentiation, treatment groups include: (1) BM-MSCs were plated in DMEM culture medium with high glucose containing 10% FBS and antibiotics (negative control); (2) BM-MSCs were plated in osteogenic differentiation medium (positive control); (3) positive control group + FeO-NPs, (4) positive control group + CuO-NPs; (5) BM-MSCs were plated in osteogenic differentiation medium on chitosan/alginate scaffold; (6) BM-MSCs were plated in osteogenic differentiation medium on chitosan/alginate/FeO-NPs scaffold; and (7) BM-MSCs were plated in osteogenic differentiation medium on chitosan/alginate/CuO-NPs scaffold. Alkaline phosphatase enzyme concentrations, mineralization rate using a calcium kit, and mineralization measurement by alizarin staining quantification were evaluated after 21 days of culture. In addition, qRT-PCR was used to assess the expression of the ALP, ColA, and Runx2 genes. When compared to other treatment groups, the addition of CuO-NPs in the chitosan/alginate hydrogel significantly increased the expression of the ColA and Runx2 genes (p < 0.05). However, there was no significant difference between the chitosan/alginate hydrogel groups containing FeO-NPs and CuO-NPs in the expression of the ALP gene. It appears that the addition of nanoparticles, in particular CuO-NPs, has made the chitosan/alginate scaffold more effective in supporting osteocyte differentiation.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Ovinos , Animais , Quitosana/metabolismo , Tecidos Suporte , Osteogênese , Osteócitos , Alginatos/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Medula Óssea , Diferenciação Celular , Hidrogéis/metabolismo , Carneiro Doméstico , Células Cultivadas
13.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1287: 342053, 2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38182365

RESUMO

Rapid and specific detection of virulent bacterial strains is a great challenge for food safety regarding large amounts of contaminated samples. Herein, a dual-mode hydrogel array biosensor was constructed to simultaneously rapidly screen and precisely quantitatively detect virulent Escherichia coli O157:H7 (E. coli O157:H7) based on a novel DNA-modified phage probe. First, E. coli O157:H7 was incubated with alginate to form the E. coli O157:H7/hydrogel premix complex. Subsequently, hydrogel formation by cross-linking upon the addition of calcium ions and phages for E. coli O157:H7 modified with a DNA primer (phage-DNA) was added to the alginate hydrogel. The DNA on the complex could trigger rolling circle amplification (RCA) to form a phage probe containing a long-chain DNA skeleton (phage@RCA-DNA). The RCA-DNA was then hybridized with the complementary DNA (cDNA) to form double-stranded DNA fragments (phage@RCA-dsDNA), which could be stained by the SYBR Green dye to emit visual green fluorescence (FL) and determined by a smartphone for rapid screening. Meanwhile, the unreacted cDNA in the supernatant could be quantitatively detected by microfluidic chip electrophoresis (MCE). The signal decrement was also proportional to the bacterial concentration. The detection limit values of E. coli O157:H7 were 50 CFU mL-1 by the FL signal and 6 CFU mL-1 by the MCE signal. The two results could be mutually corrected to decrease the false-positive results. This assay was also employed to detect virulent Salmonella Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) using the corresponding S. Typhimurium phage@RCA-DNA probe. All these results demonstrated that the universal bioassay was suitable for simultaneous rapid screening and precisely quantitative detection of virulent bacterial strains.


Assuntos
Bacteriófagos , Escherichia coli O157 , DNA Complementar , Hidrogéis , Microfluídica , Sondas de DNA , Alginatos , Corantes , Eletroforese
14.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 150: 106336, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38169210

RESUMO

Developing a novel bioactive material as a barrier membrane for guided bone regeneration (GBR) surgery remains challenging. As a new member of two-dimensional (2D) material family, MXene is a promising candidate component for barrier membranes due to its high specific surface area and osteogenic differentiation ability. In this work, a green and simple SA/glycerol/MXene (SgM) composite membrane was prepared via solvent casting method by using sodium alginate (SA) and MXene (M) as raw materials while employing glycerol (g) as a plasticizer. The addition of glycerol significantly increased the elongation at the break of SA from 10%-20% to 240%-360%, while the introduction of MXene promoted the deposition of calcium and phosphorus to form hydroxyapatite. At the same time, the roughness of the SgM composite membrane is apparently improved, which is conducive to cell adhesion and proliferation. This work provides a basis for further research on SgM composite membrane as GBR membrane for the treatment of bone defects.


Assuntos
Nanocompostos , Osteogênese , Glicerol , Alginatos , Regeneração Óssea
15.
Food Res Int ; 176: 113847, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38163736

RESUMO

Polysaccharides are a prominent choice in the realm of food-grade oral delivery systems due to their resistance to degradation by digestive enzymes in the oral, gastric, and small intestinal environments, as well as their ease of production, cost-effectiveness, and potential health benefits as prebiotics. Furthermore, their ability to respond to pH-induced dissolution, along with their emulsifying properties, can be strategically employed to achieve precise targeting of lipophilic bioactives to the small intestine. In this study, citrus peel pectin and alginate served as stabilizers for emulgel particles without supplementary emulsifiers or gelling agents. Within this system, pectin functioned as an emulsifier, while alginate acted as a gelling agent, facilitated by Ca2+-induced ionic crosslinking. The synergistic interplay between pectin and alginate efficiently protected curcumin in gastric conditions and controlled dissolution in the small intestine, depending on the pectin/alginate ratio. These controlled phenomena facilitated lipolysis, curcumin release, and ultimately enhanced curcumin bioaccessibility. Furthermore, once the emulgel particle released all the entrapped curcumin in the small intestine, residual polysaccharides underwent facile degradation by pectinase and alginate lyase, yielding fermentable monosaccharides. This confirms the potential of the emulgel particles for use as a prebiotic in the colon. These findings offer significant promise for enhancing the systematic design of food-grade delivery systems that encapsulate lipophilic bioactives, achieving controlled release, enhanced stability, and improved bioaccessibility. Importantly, this system can comprise components that undergo complete digestion, absorption, and utilization in the human body, encompassing materials such as oil, nutraceuticals, and prebiotics, all without presenting health risks.


Assuntos
Citrus , Curcumina , Humanos , Alginatos , Pectinas , Polissacarídeos , Emulsificantes/farmacologia , Intestino Delgado
16.
Nanotheranostics ; 8(1): 48-63, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38164498

RESUMO

Sweat contains biomarkers for real-time non-invasive health monitoring, but only a few relevant analytes are currently used in clinical practice. In the present study, we investigated whether sweat-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) can be used as a source of potential protein biomarkers of human and bacterial origin. Methods: By using ExoView platform, electron microscopy, nanoparticle tracking analysis and Western blotting we characterized EVs in the sweat of eight volunteers performing rigorous exercise. We compared the presence of EV markers as well as general protein composition of total sweat, EV-enriched sweat and sweat samples collected in alginate skin patches. Results: We identified 1209 unique human proteins in EV-enriched sweat, of which approximately 20% were present in every individual sample investigated. Sweat derived EVs shared 846 human proteins (70%) with total sweat, while 368 proteins (30%) were captured by medical grade alginate skin patch and such EVs contained the typical exosome marker CD63. The majority of identified proteins are known to be carried by EVs found in other biofluids, mostly urine. Besides human proteins, EV-enriched sweat samples contained 1594 proteins of bacterial origin. Bacterial protein profiles in EV-enriched sweat were characterized by high interindividual variability, that reflected differences in total sweat composition. Alginate-based sweat patch accumulated only 5% proteins of bacterial origin. Conclusion: We showed that sweat-derived EVs provide a rich source of potential biomarkers of human and bacterial origin. Use of commercially available alginate skin patches selectively enrich for human derived material with very little microbial material collected.


Assuntos
Exossomos , Vesículas Extracelulares , Humanos , Suor/metabolismo , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Exossomos/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Alginatos/metabolismo
17.
Theranostics ; 14(3): 924-939, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38250048

RESUMO

Rationale: Cell spheroids have shown great promise as tools for creating effective three-dimensional (3D) tissue models, facilitating tissue reconstruction and organoid development, due to their high cell density and efficient cellular interactions. However, a significant challenge persists in creating large-scale tissue structures with a 3D geometrical architecture using spheroids, due to the continual condensation and reorganization of cells and their environments. Methods: The spherical cell aggregates (pseudo-cell spheroids) or macroscale cell aggregates were obtained by coating each adipose-derived stem cell (hASC) with methacrylated collagen (Col-Ma). Subsequently, the coated cells were printed into an alginate supporting bath and photocrosslinked through exposure to UV light. To assess the effectiveness of this procedure on regenerative potential, the generated cell aggregates were compared with conventional cell spheroids and bioprinted cell constructs using immunofluorescent staining and quantification of myogenic-related gene expressions. Moreover, the bioconstructs were implanted into a mouse model with volumetric muscle loss to further elucidate their regenerative and functional recovery properties. Results: The use of Col-Ma as a cell-coating material enables the rapid and physical aggregation of cells within several hours, regardless of the cell type. Furthermore, Col-Ma-coated cell aggregates can provide relatively lower hypoxic conditions than cell spheroids fabricated using the hanging drop method owing to the thin porous Col-Ma layer coated on the cells. In addition, the resulting structures maintain their geometrical architecture following cell fusion and possess the potential for efficient scale-up and 3D complex shape formation, making them more suitable for clinical applications than conventional cell spheroids. Finally, the feasibility of the Col-Ma-coated cylindrical human adipose-derived stem cells aggregates was assessed through implantation in a mouse volumetric muscle loss model, showing a significantly higher regenerative ability of muscle tissue than the normally bioprinted cell construct. Conclusion: Our newly proposed method has meaningful potential for various tissue engineering applications, supported by the improved cellular activities and efficient muscle regeneration observed in both in vitro and in vivo studies, and organ-chip models.


Assuntos
Adipócitos , Alginatos , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Comunicação Celular , Colágeno , Modelos Animais de Doenças
18.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2751: 261-265, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38265723

RESUMO

The new strategies that are trying to be developed to protect microorganisms for a successful application have generated various types of granulated, powdered, or liquid formulations. In this work, we have developed a rhizobial encapsulation system for legumes accompanied by metabolites to enhance microorganism-plant communication. This novel way of producing a biofertilizer for legumes was developed based on alginate, a degradable compound that allows environmentally friendly use. This way of generating an inoculant allows it designing by making different molecular combinations for different purposes, being a double inoculant, biological and molecular.


Assuntos
Fabaceae , Rhizobium , Verduras , Alginatos , Pós
19.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 258(Pt 2): 129100, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38176511

RESUMO

Palladium (Pd) has excellent catalytic performance, its application is seriously limited by low atomic utilization and weak recovery capacity. To solve these problems, we report a universal palladium nanocatalysts preparation strategy by taking advantage of the rich chemistry of sodium alginate (SA). SA units not only self-assemble into a cross-linked porous carboxyl and hydroxyl framework but also can coat different substrates. Benefiting from the distinguished chelation of SA, metallic nanocatalysts can be achieved. As a proof-of-concept demonstration, Pd loading on nano-Fe3O4 modified with SA and investigated their catalytic capabilities. The catalyst was Fe3O4 nanoparticles encapsulated by SA film loaded with 0.4 wt% of Pd. It has a particle size around 100 nm and has good superparamagnetism with a saturation strength of 76.26 emu/g. It exhibited good catalytic activity at TOF = 660 h-1 and TOF = 4311 h-1 in typical Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reaction and the reduction of p-nitrophenol, respectively, and showed appreciable recyclability in the test of recyclability. Thus, our findings demonstrate that recyclable magnetic palladium nanocatalysts have several attractive features, such as easy preparation, outstanding catalytic activity and reusability. This work lays the foundation for the preparation of palladium nanocatalysts and the potential application of SA in the field of catalysts.


Assuntos
Alginatos , Nitrofenóis , Paládio , Magnetismo , Fenômenos Magnéticos
20.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 171: 116168, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38232662

RESUMO

In patients with diabetic wounds, wound healing is impaired due to the presence of persistent oxidative stress, an altered inflammatory response, and impaired angiogenesis and epithelization. Salvianolic acid B (SAB), which is derived from the Chinese medicinal plant Salvia miltiorrhiza, has been found to exhibit antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and proangiogenic effects. Previous studies have used 3D bioprinting technology incorporating sodium alginate (SA) and gelatin (Gel) as basic biomaterials to successfully produce artificial skin. In the current study, 3D bioprinting technology was used to incorporate SAB into SA-Gel to form a novel SAB-SA-Gel composite porous scaffold. The morphological characteristics, physicochemical characteristics, biocompatibility, and SAB release profile of the SAB-SA-Gel scaffolds were evaluated in vitro. In addition, the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and proangiogenic abilities of the SAB-SA-Gel scaffolds were evaluated in cells and in a rat model. Analysis demonstrated that 1.0 wt% (the percentage of SAB in the total weight of the solution containing SA and Gel) SAB-SA-Gel scaffolds had strong antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and proangiogenic properties both in cells and in the rat model. The 1.0% SAB-SA-Gel scaffold reduced the expression of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, and interluekin-1ß and increased the expression of transforming growth factor-ß. In addition, this scaffold removed excessive reactive oxygen species by increasing the expression of superoxide dismutase, thereby protecting fibroblasts from injury. The scaffold increased the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor and platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1, accelerated granulation tissue regeneration and collagen deposition, and promoted wound healing. These findings suggest that this innovative scaffold may have promise as a simple and efficient approach to managing diabetic wound repair.


Assuntos
Benzofuranos , Bioimpressão , Depsídeos , Diabetes Mellitus , Humanos , Ratos , Animais , Gelatina/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Alginatos/química , Tecidos Suporte/química , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/farmacologia , Cicatrização , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia
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