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Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being ; 19(1): 2357147, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38768393


BACKGROUND: Love could play a role in motivating teachers to help students and is closely related to students' achievement and prosocial behaviour. Though influenced by culture, teachers' love is not adequately studied. PURPOSE: This study explores how Chinese teachers' compassionate love is expressed and how situational factors such as Chinese culture and history influence or motivate teachers to perceive and express compassionate love for students. METHOD: This study adopted a qualitative approach of narrative study by describing and investigating the experience of a Chinese middle school teacher and two middle school students and their parents during COVID-19 pandemic. FINDINGS: Chinese teacher's compassionate love demonstrates some universal features in terms of emotional response, cognitive understanding and behaviour. Furthermore some Chinese culture-related features are also found: Chinese teachers behave in a caring and supporting way at the cost of sacrificing their own free time and comfort; an enduring long-term teacher-student relationship is valued; the Chinese culture encourages, sustains and motivates Chinese teacher's compassionate love. DISCUSSION: Teacher's compassionate love is a multi-dimensional concept entailing some universal traits in cognition, emotion and behaviour. The perception and enactment of teacher's love is subject to situational factors. Some measures for compassionate love could be built into teacher's education programme.

COVID-19 , Empatia , Amor , Professores Escolares , Humanos , Professores Escolares/psicologia , China/etnologia , Feminino , Masculino , Estudantes/psicologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Relações Interpessoais , Emoções , Adulto , Motivação , Cultura , SARS-CoV-2 , Adolescente
Curr Probl Cardiol ; 49(7): 102624, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718935


Avicenna is one of the most eminent and influential Persian philosophers and scientists whose philosophical and medical works are of high significance all over the world. Using descriptive analysis, the present study aims to deal with philosophical, physiological, and psychological aspects of human love and lovesickness from his perspective. His anthropology stems from his philosophical contemplation and practical experience in medicine. According to the research results, Avicenna believes that the love of noble-minded and young for external beauty, as a branch of human love, leads to the perfection of moral virtues and spiritual tendencies. Virtual love for beautiful human forms, as a representation of divine names and attributes, is a means to reach absolute perfection and true love in the mystic journey. With respect to the medical and psychological aspects, Avicenna holds that lovesickness brings disease to the soul and body of a lover. Lustful and impious love has resulted from intermingling, recurrent, and obsessive perceptions of mental forms. Since it terminates proper and moderate reasoning and disturbs the mental balance of a lover, it would lead to spiritual, mental, and even physical impairment. After explaining the features and symptoms of lovesickness, Avicenna reviews its therapeutic treatments including spiritual and physical remedies. He concludes that physical condition and temperamental health are obedient to and under the control of the mind.

Amor , Saúde Mental , Humanos , História Medieval , Medicina Arábica/história , Pérsia
Psychoanal Q ; 93(2): 219-248, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38819393


The concept of praxis in psychoanalysis includes the way clinical practice embodies the values on which psychoanalysis is founded. As psychoanalysis evolved from a medical treatment to a process of open-ended psychic development, its underlying values evolved as well. Free-floating attention has many facets, shown in the variety of names given to it. From being a means to an end clinically, it became an implicit statement about the human value of the person being attended to. Clinical vignettes, contributions from philosophers, and examples from literature converge around the idea that the unreserved openness of free-floating attention amounts to an act of love. It is underpinned by the values, which are also virtues, of hope, and faith in the possibility of good; it can also be seen, in non-religious terms, as a form of prayer.

Amor , Psicanálise , Terapia Psicanalítica , Humanos , Terapia Psicanalítica/métodos , Teoria Psicanalítica , Religião e Psicologia
BMC Psychol ; 12(1): 201, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609991


BACKGROUND: Global climate change is recognized as a major and irreversible challenge for humanity, requiring people's responsible and sustainable behaviors toward the environment. So far, the literature has widely investigated the role of cognitive determinants of ecological outcomes (e.g., pro-environmental behaviors and climate change perception), while less attention has been devoted to emotional processes, such as trait emotional intelligence (TEI). The current double study investigates whether TEI is directly and indirectly associated with climate change perception (CCP, Study 1) and pro-environmental behaviors (PEBs, Study 2) among young adults. Furthermore, the mediating role of connectedness to nature (CN), both as cognitive and emotional factors, was also analyzed. We hypothesized that CN (i.e., cognitive mediator) would positively mediate the relationship between TEI and CCP (H1), and Love and Care for Nature (LCN, i.e., emotional mediator) would positively mediate the relationship between TEI and PEBs (H2). METHODS: The study involved 342 young adults (F = 60.7%; age 19-40; Mage=22.99; SD = 2.66) in Study 1 and 365 young adults (F = 71.2%; age 17-35; Mage=22.2; SD = 3.98) in Study 2. Data were collected through an online tool shared by the snowball method. We administered the following self-reports: Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire- Short Form (TEIQue- SF), Global Climate Change (GCC), and Connectedness to Nature Scale (CNS) (Study 1); Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire- Short Form (TEIQue-SF), General Environmental Behaviors Scale (GEB), and Love and Care for Nature (LCN) (Study 2). RESULTS: Findings from Study 1 showed that higher TEI levels enhance CN (i.e., cognitive mediator), positively influencing CCP (estimate = 0.14; 95% CI = 0.07 to 0.23). Findings from Study 2 showed that higher TEI levels are associated with higher LCN levels (i.e., emotional mediator), influencing people's engagement in PEBs (estimate = 0.7; 95% CI = 0.03 to 0.11). CONCLUSION: It is crucial to design environmental education programs that promote greater emotional intelligence ability and encourage individuals' involvement in ecological outcomes.

Emoções , Amor , Adulto Jovem , Humanos , Adulto , Adolescente , Mudança Climática , Inteligência Emocional
Endeavour ; 48(1): 100918, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565005


Can love affect knowledge and knowledge affect love? John Stuart Mill and Harriet Taylor-Mill, Max and Marianne Weber, and Bertrand and Dora Russell had a definite vocation: they wanted to change the world. They questioned traditional gender arrangements through publications on equality, marriage, and education. They were liberal thinkers, advocating individual freedom and autonomy, vis à vis the constraints of state and society. Their partnership inspired their work, a living experiment conducted through their own unconventional relationship. Over time, their increasingly radical, avant-garde ideas on marriage complicated the ongoing negotiation over power and intimacy which typified their marriages. Building on the historiography of social science couples, and by means of an analysis of the micro-social dynamics of marriage as documented in the life writings of the Mills, the Webers, and the Russells, I analyse the connections between gender, intimacy, and creativity. These couples' experiences highlight the non-rational dimension of a most rational endeavour.

Amor , Casamento , Identidade de Gênero , Ocupações
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 32(6): 663-664, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565446
J Med Humanit ; 45(2): 139-155, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575758


Jane Austen normally avoids discussing appearance throughout her works. Persuasion constitutes the exception to the rule, as the story focuses on the premature aging experienced by her protagonist, Anne Elliot, seemingly due to disappointed love. Much has been written about Anne's "loss of bloom," but never from the perspective of psychoneuroimmunology, the field that researches the interrelation between psychological processes and the nervous and immune systems. In this paper, we adopt a perspective of psychoneuroimmunology to argue that Austen established a connection between psychological distress, specifically lovesickness, and the development of early senescence signs, and vice versa, since the recovery of love is associated with happiness and physical glow. From a gender perspective, we discuss how Austen brightly reflected these interrelationships through the story of Anne, when the latest psychoneuroimmunological research has actually shown that women age earlier than men as a consequence of psychological turmoil.

Envelhecimento , Psiconeuroimunologia , Humanos , Feminino , Comunicação Persuasiva , Amor , Masculino , Medicina na Literatura
Womens Health (Lond) ; 20: 17455057241247747, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38682301


BACKGROUND: The United Nations has declared 2021-2030 the 'Decade of Healthy Ageing' and identified the need to strengthen the evidence base on interpretations and determinants of healthy ageing to inform policy. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to interrogate a 'policy blind spot' and examine interpretations and experiences of sexuality and sexual health within the context of ageing well among women aged 50+. DESIGN: The qualitative study design was underpinned by an interpretivist epistemology. Research was guided by principles of feminist scholarship and located in an affirmative ageing framework. METHODS: Semi-structured individual interviews were conducted between April-June 2019 with 21 English-speaking women aged 52-76. Women were recruited through community organizations in North West England. Transcripts were analysed using a framework approach to thematic analysis, applying an inductive approach to theme generation. RESULTS: Narratives encompassed six broad themes: reflections on 'ageing well'; age alone does not define sexuality and sexual health; interpretations of sexual health and sexuality; vulnerability and resistance in later-life sexual health; narratives of (in)visibility; and reimagining services to promote sexual health in later life. There was a dominant belief that sexual health represents a component of ageing well, despite a broad spectrum of sexual expression and health challenges. Sexual expression was diversely shaped by conflicting societal expectations within an evolving digitized environment. In clinical settings, however, sexual health discussions were often muted or framed from a disease-focussed lens. Women expressed a preference for holistic, person-centred sexual health provision from an orientation of wellness to support varied sexual expression, sensitive to wider health, life and relationship realities. CONCLUSION: This work strengthens calls to disentangle sexual health from disease-centred narratives and legitimize sexual health as part of the healthy ageing agenda.

Envelhecimento , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Saúde Sexual , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Inglaterra , Envelhecimento Saudável/psicologia , Amor , Entrevistas como Assunto , Sexualidade/psicologia , Comportamento Sexual
J Anal Psychol ; 69(3): 389-410, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38682825


In its typical form, an "anima projection" is a psychic experience in which a heterosexual man is caught up by an intense, almost magical attraction for a woman. What sets these numinous experiences apart from a common "crush" is a pattern of specific phenomenological characteristics. Anima projections are particularly common in late adolescence and early adulthood, when they can cause a deep sense of disorientation. Little education exists for young men on how to deal with these experiences and to actualize the developmental opportunity that underlies them. In this paper, I frame anima projections as an ethical problem and outline a psycho-ethical "map" that is intended for use by disoriented young men, or by any practitioner who may be tasked with helping them navigate this challenge along the path of individuation. The map considers four solutions to the love problem: the "concretistic-literal", the "fearful-avoidant", the "rational-depressive", and the "transitional-developmental" solution, and indicates the latter as the one that is conducive to optimal psychic development. Although developed with a focus on young men, the map may apply to other relations based on projection, regardless of age, sex, gender, or sexual orientation.

Dans sa forme typique, une "projection de l'anima" est une expérience psychique dans laquelle un homme hétérosexuel est pris dans une attirance intense, presque magique, pour une femme. Ce qui distingue les expériences numineuses de simples béguins, c'est un ensemble de caractéristiques phénoménologiques spécifiques. Les projections de l'anima sont particulièrement fréquentes à la fin de l'adolescence et au début de l'âge adulte, où elles produisent un profond sentiment de désorientation. Il n'existe que peu de formation pour les jeunes hommes en ce qui concerne comment faire face à de telles expériences et comment utiliser de manière profitable l'opportunité de développement qui les sous­tend. Dans cet article, je considère les projections de l'anima comme étant un problème éthique et j'esquisse une "carte" psycho­éthique visant à aider les jeunes hommes désorientés ­ ou tout praticien dont la tâche est d'aider ces jeunes hommes ­ à relever ce défi sur le chemin de l'individuation. Cette carte envisage quatre solutions au problème de l'amour: la solution "concrète­littérale", celle de "l'évitement angoissé", la "dépressive­rationnelle" et la "transitionnelle­développementale". La carte indique que cette dernière solution est celle qui permet un développement psychique optimal. Bien que conçue pour les jeunes hommes, cette carte peut également être utilisée pour d'autres relations fondées sur la projection, quel que soit l'âge, le sexe, le genre ou l'orientation sexuelle.

En su forma típica, una "proyección del ánima" es una experiencia psíquica en la que un hombre heterosexual se ve atrapado por una atracción intensa, casi mágica, hacia una mujer. Lo que diferencia a estas experiencias numinosas de un "flechazo" común es un patrón de características fenomenológicas específicas. Las proyecciones del ánima son especialmente frecuentes al final de la adolescencia y al principio de la edad adulta, cuando pueden causar una profunda sensación de desorientación. Existe poca educación para los hombres jóvenes sobre cómo tratar estas experiencias y dar lugar a la oportunidad de crecimiento y desarrollo que subyace a las mismas. En este artículo, planteo las proyecciones del ánima como un problema ético y esbozo un "mapa" psico­ético destinado a ser utilizado por jóvenes desorientados o por cualquier profesional que tenga la tarea de ayudarles a navegar este desafío en el camino de la individuación. El mapa considera cuatro soluciones al problema del amor: la "concreta­literal", la "temerosa­evitativa", la "racional­depresiva" y la "transicional­del desarrollo", e indica esta última como la que conduce a un desarrollo psíquico óptimo. Aunque se ha elaborado centrándose en los hombres jóvenes, el mapa puede aplicarse a otras relaciones basadas en la proyección, independientemente de la edad, el sexo, el género o la orientación sexual.

Amor , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Feminino , Projeção
Behav Res Ther ; 177: 104537, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608409


We investigated whether informal meditation practice (i.e., self-reported application of meditative techniques outside a period of formal meditation) was associated with outcomes in smartphone-based loving-kindness and compassion training. Meditation-naïve participants (n = 351) with clinically elevated symptoms completed measures of psychological distress, loneliness, empathy, and prosociality at baseline and following a two-week intervention. Informal practice, psychological distress, and loneliness were also assessed daily. Steeper increases in informal practice had small associations with pre-post improvements in distress (r = -.18, p = .008) and loneliness (r = -.19, p = .009) but not empathy or prosociality. Using a currently recommended approach for establishing cross-lagged effects in longitudinal data (latent curve model with structured residuals), higher current-day informal practice was associated with decreased next-day distress with a very small effect size (ßs = -.06 to -.04, p = .018) but not decreased next-day loneliness. No cross-lagged associations emerged from distress or loneliness to informal practice. Findings suggest that further investigation into a potential causal role of informal practice is warranted. Future studies experimentally manipulating informal practice are needed.

Empatia , Solidão , Meditação , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Solidão/psicologia , Adulto , Meditação/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Angústia Psicológica , Adulto Jovem , Amor , Atenção Plena , Smartphone , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/terapia
Body Image ; 49: 101709, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615591


Romantic partners have the potential to influence attitudes and behaviors related to body image and disordered eating. However, the role that romantic relationships can play in eating disorder (ED) recovery has not been comprehensively investigated. The present study aimed to explore the ways that people living with and recovering from EDs experience their romantic relationships, with the specific objective of developing a novel theoretical framework, grounded in the experiences of people in diverse romantic relationships, to guide future research on the topic. Semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with 66 people (45 cisgender women, 11 cisgender men, 9 nonbinary people, and 1 transgender man) living with and recovering from EDs while in romantic relationships. Our grounded theory analysis yielded a theoretical model of ED management in romantic relationships, revealing that Individual and Relationship Characteristics intersected with Relationship-Related Stressors and were navigated using Eating Disorder and Relationship Management Strategies. Combined with Partner Support and Tensions, these management strategies were related to Relationship and Mental Health Outcomes, which affected and were affected by Future Concerns. Future researchers should continue to build on, expand, and modify this model and further explore the role of romantic relationships in the experience of people living with EDs.

Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Teoria Fundamentada , Relações Interpessoais , Parceiros Sexuais , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Adulto Jovem , Amor , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Pessoas Transgênero/psicologia
Clin Psychol Rev ; 110: 102433, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38652973


Loving-kindness meditations involve sending feelings of kindness and care to a series of people including oneself, loved ones, strangers, and all beings. Loving-kindness interventions (LKIs), which include knowledge and/or practice related to loving-kindness, have been gaining attention as a potential intervention for improving mental health in adults. This meta-analysis synthesized the effects of LKIs on both positive (i.e., mindfulness, compassion, positive affect) and negative (i.e., negative affect, psychological symptoms) indices of mental health across comparison types (i.e., passive control, active control, alternative treatment) and general sample types (i.e., community, university), and explored characteristics of LKIs that may impact their effectiveness (i.e., intervention format, intervention length, presence/absence of a live facilitator). Following a systematic review of six databases in November 2023, 23 randomized controlled studies met eligibility criteria and were included in the review. Relative to passive control groups, LKIs had positive effects on mindfulness, compassion, positive affect, negative affect, and psychological symptoms; these effects were non-significant relative to active control groups and alternative therapeutic treatments. Notably, the effects of LKIs did not differ as a function of sample type, intervention format, intervention length, or the presence/absence of a live facilitator. Findings provide support for the effectiveness of LKIs relative to passive control conditions, as well as their potential comparability to alternative evidence-based therapeutic treatments, and provide insight into resource-effective approaches to the delivery of effective LKIs. However, additional studies are needed to confirm the impacts of LKIs relative to other interventions in the field.

Atenção Plena , Humanos , Atenção Plena/métodos , Empatia , Meditação , Amor , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Saúde Mental
J Christ Nurs ; 41(2): 103-105, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38436340


ABSTRACT: In my experience of caring for a lesbian couple suffering a miscarriage, I disengaged my bias about their sexual orientation and compassionately cared for their needs. After praying with the couple, I felt a deep connection with them and a palpable peace. Joy shone on their faces and they verbally expressed gratitude. God used me as a caring presence. Christian nurses are vessels for God's love to bring peace and healing.

Aborto Espontâneo , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Cristianismo , Emoções , Amor
J Christ Nurs ; 41(2): 129, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38436347

Amor , Humanos
J Psychol ; 158(1): 1-4, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38447006

Amor , Humanos
Healthc Q ; 26(4): 24-30, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38482645


Parents of children with medical complexities (CMCs) report significant challenges affecting their financial, emotional and social well-being in relation to caring for their child's medical needs. The Complex Care Navigator Program was designed to provide social, emotional and economic support to parents of CMCs. This paper describes the results and outcomes of the program and the challenges experienced during the evaluation process. Overall, results suggest that the program had a positive impact on the parents' psychosocial functioning and social connections. The results demonstrate the importance of providing early screening, psychosocial intervention and peer support.

Amor , Pais , Criança , Humanos , Pais/psicologia
Inf. psiquiátr ; (253): 81-94, 1er trim. 2024.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-232368


La presente aportación versa acerca del amor y el deseo sexual, así como de su escasamente documentada neurofisiología; también, de sus relaciones con la salud sexual y la mental, que incluye esta última los trastornos mentales, del comportamiento y del neurodesarrollo. Estas cuestiones se abordarán sucintamente desde una perspectiva eminentemente científica. Se han escrutado varios repertorios bibliográficos electrónicos cualificados internacionales y nacionales, sin pretender una imposible exhaustividad. Se constata que la información de calidad al respecto es extremadamente limitada, heterogénea y a menudo subjetiva o con sesgos deficientemente controlados. Según los hallazgos, resultan probables las diferencias psicofisiológicas para el amor y el deseo según sea el sexo y género de las personas, lo que sucede igualmente cuando concurren psicopatologías. El mecanismo regulador de la excitación sexual es complejo en sus correlatos neuronales y todavía son inciertas las bases neurofisiológicas correspondientes. Los trastornos mentales con influencia potencialmente más distorsionadora sobre el amor y el deseo sexual son los del estado de ánimo y, obviamente, los parafílicos. Se necesita investigar más y con mayor rigor acerca de la psiconeurobiología subyacente a estas cuestiones usuales. (AU)

The present contribution is about love and sexual desire and their relationship with sexual and mental health, what includes the latter mental, behavioural and neurodevelopmental disorders. All these issues will be succinctly addressed from an eminently scientific perspective. Several qualified national and international electronic bibliographical indexes have been examined without intending an impossible exhaustiveness. It is established that quality information on this regard is extremely limited, heterogeneous and frequently subjective or with poorly controlled bias. As a result of our findings, the psychophysiological differences for love and desire according to people’s sex and gender are likely to occur as it also happens when psychopathologies come together. The sexual arousal regulator mechanism is complex in its neural correlates and the corresponding neurophysiological basis are still uncertain. The mental disorders with a potentially more distorting influence on love and sexual desire are those related to mood and, obviously, paraphilic disorders. Further rigorous research on psychoneurobiology underlying this usual matters is needed. (AU)

Humanos , Amor , Sexualidade , Neurofisiologia , Psicopatologia , Identidade de Gênero , Psiquiatria
J Gerontol Nurs ; 50(3): 40-50, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38417076


PURPOSE: Understanding of the mechanisms by which meditation imparts beneficial effects on later-life mental health is limited. The current study assessed the role of compassionate love in mediating the relationship between meditation and mental health in later life. METHOD: Using data from a nationwide web-based survey (N = 1,861), we examined the indirect effects of meditation on depressive symptoms and anxiety via compassionate love. RESULTS: Participants who practiced meditation (compared to those who did not) had significantly higher feelings of being loved (b = 0.11, p < 0.05); those who experienced more love had lower depressive symptoms (b = -2.10, p < 0.001) and anxiety (b = -0.99, p < 0.001). Meditation also had significant indirect effects (via compassionate love) on depressive symptoms (b = -0.23, p < 0.05) and anxiety (b = -0.11, p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: This study underscores the need for contemplative interventions that foster compassionate love to improve mental health in later life. [Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 50(3), 40-50.].

Meditação , Saúde Mental , Humanos , Meditação/psicologia , Amor , Empatia , Ansiedade/terapia