Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 28.680
Filtrar
1.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0274255, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36067184

RESUMO

This study aims to evaluate whether a test protocol with standardized and individualized resistance settings leads to valid wheelchair Wingate tests (WAnT) and graded exercise tests (GXT) in healthy novices. Twenty able-bodied individuals (10M/10F, age 23 ± 2 years, body mass 72 ± 11 kg) performed an isometric strength test, sprint test, WAnT and GXT on a wheelchair ergometer. Using a previously developed set of regression equations, individuals' isometric strength outcome was used to estimate the WAnT result (P30est), from which an effective individual WAnT resistance was derived. The subsequently measured WAnT outcome (P30meas) was used to estimate the GXT outcome (POpeakest) and to scale the individual GXT resistance steps. Estimated and measured outcomes were compared. The WAnT protocol was considered valid when maximal velocity did not exceed 3 m·s-1; the GXT protocol was considered valid when test duration was 8-12 min. P30est did not significantly differ from P30meas, while one participant did not have a valid WanT, as maximal velocity exceeded 3 m·s-1. POpeakest was 10% higher than POpeakmeas, and six participants did not reach a valid GXT: five participants had a test duration under 8 min and one participant over 12 min. The isometric strength test can be used to individually scale the WAnT protocol. The WAnT outcome scaled the protocol for the GXT less accurately, resulting in mostly shorter-than-desired test durations. In conclusion, the evaluated standardized and individualized test protocol was valid for the WAnT but less valid for the GXT among a group of novices. Before implementing the standardized individual test protocol on a broader scale, e.g. among paralympic athletes, it should be evaluated among different athletic wheelchair-dependent populations.


Assuntos
Cadeiras de Rodas , Adulto , Anaerobiose , Ergometria , Exercício Físico , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Humanos , Consumo de Oxigênio , Adulto Jovem
2.
J Environ Manage ; 320: 115850, 2022 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056485

RESUMO

Sewage mixed sludge (MS) digestion performance was ameliorated implementing the parallel digestion model for primary sludge (PS) and secondary sludge (SS) (waste activated sludge) as domestic sewage sludge fractions rich in oil and grease content at the upper mesophilic level (40 °C). Optimization of the organic loading rate (OLR) was conducted in parallel semi-continuous bench-scale digesters for PS, SS and MS. Comparatively evaluated performance and biosolid quality parameters were methane production rates, volatile solid (VS) reduction, oil and grease and nutrient content, dewaterability and electrical conductivity (EC). OLR optimization indicated different retention time needs for PS and SS stabilization and enabled 18% and 93% higher VS loading and reduction, respectively, compared to MS digestion. Inhibitory effect followed an ascending pattern as a result of OLR increase in each digestion line acting on the hydrolysis of proteinaceous matter and acetogenesis rather than methanogenesis. A high number of long chain fatty acids was detected in the raw sludges. The enhancing effect of the upper mesophilic temperature was significant in SS digestion with increased biodegradability, oil and grease removal and microbial growth compared to digestion at 35 °C. The parallel digestion system and upper mesophilic temperature proved a useful tool to enhance VS loading and reduction without worsening the stabilized biosolids' dewaterability as a feasible model in the existing and prospective municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). The weakness of the MS digestion was diagnosed as the lower synthesis degree of biomass induced by the dilution of the substrate in PS by SS mixing which weakened the microbial tolerance to high OLR and inhibition. The output indicated the potential of parallel AD, importance of the optimization for OLR and temperature to advance the performance and flexibility of the sludge line practice in municipal WWTPs.


Assuntos
Esgotos , Purificação da Água , Anaerobiose , Reatores Biológicos , Metano/química , Estudos Prospectivos , Esgotos/química
3.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(9): 790, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36109523

RESUMO

Endometriosis (EM) is one of the vanquished wonted causes of chronic pelvic sting in women and is closely associated with infertility. The long-term, complex, systemic, and post-treatment recurrence of EM wreaks havoc on women's quality of life. Extensive metabolic reprogramming (aerobic glycolysis, glucose overweening intake, and high lactate production) and cancer-like changes have been found in EM, which bears striking similarities to tumorigenesis. The key glycolysis regulator PFKFB4 is overexpressed in EM. However, the mechanism of PFKFB4 in EM remains unknown. We found that PFKFB4 was upregulated and was closely related to the progression of EM. We identified focus PIM2 as a new pioneering adjoin protein of PFKFB4. Vigorous biochemical methods were used to confirm that PIM2 phosphorylated site Thr140 of PFKFB4. PIM2 also could enhance PFKFB4 protein expression through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. Moreover, PIM2 expression was really corresponding prevalent with PFKFB4 in endometriosis in vivo. Importantly, phosphorylation of PFKFB4 on Thr140 by PIM2 promoted EM glycolysis and cell growth. Our study demonstrates that PIM2 mediates PFKFB4 Thr140 phosphorylation thus regulating glycolysis and EM progression. We illustrated a new mechanism that PIM2 simulated a central upstream partnership in the regulation of PFKFB4, and reveal a novel means of PIM2-PFKFB4 setting EM growth. Our research provided new theoretical support for further clarifying the reprogramming of EM glucose metabolism, and provided new clues for exploring non-contraceptive treatments for EM.


Assuntos
Endometriose , Fosfofrutoquinase-2 , Anaerobiose , Proliferação de Células/genética , Endometriose/genética , Feminino , Glucose/metabolismo , Glicólise/genética , Humanos , Lactatos , Fosfofrutoquinase-2/genética , Fosfofrutoquinase-2/metabolismo , Monoéster Fosfórico Hidrolases/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Qualidade de Vida , Ubiquitinas/metabolismo
4.
Water Res ; 223: 119033, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058096

RESUMO

External stimulus such as light irradiation is able to deteriorate intracellular redox homeostasis and induce photooxidative damage to non-photogenic bacteria. Exploiting effective strategies to help bacteria resisting infaust stress is meaningful for achieving a stable operation of biological treatment system. In this work, selenium-doped carbon quantum dots (Se-CQDs) were blended into anaerobic ammonia oxidation (anammox) bacteria and an inorganic nanoparticle-microbe hybrid was successfully fabricated to evaluate its nitrogen removal performance under solar-simulated irradiation. It was found that the specific anammox activity decreased by 29.7 ± 5.2% and reactive oxygen species (ROS) content increased by 134.8 ± 4.1% under 50,000 lux light. Sludge activity could be completely recovered under the optimum dosage of 0.42 mL·(g volatile suspended solid) -1 Se-CQDs. Hydroxyl radical (·OH) and superoxide anion radical (·O2-) were identified as the leading ROS inducing lipid peroxidation and antioxidase function detriment. Also, the structure of ladderane lipids located on anammoxosome was destroyed by ROS and functional genes abundances declined accordingly. Although cell surface coated Se-CQDs could absorb ultraviolet light and partially mitigated the photoinhibition, the direct scavenging of ROS by intracellular Se-CQDs primarily contributed to the cellular redox homeostasis, antioxidase activity recovery and sludge activity improvement. The findings of this work provide in-depth understanding the metabolic response mechanism of anammox consortia to light irradiation and might be valuable for a more stable and sustainable nitrogen removal technology, i.e., algal-bacterial symbiotic system, development.


Assuntos
Pontos Quânticos , Selênio , Oxidação Anaeróbia da Amônia , Anaerobiose , Bactérias/metabolismo , Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia , Carbono/metabolismo , Radical Hidroxila/metabolismo , Lipídeos , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Selênio/metabolismo , Esgotos/microbiologia , Superóxidos
5.
Water Res ; 223: 118982, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058098

RESUMO

Anaerobic technology is extensively applied in the treatment of industrial organic wastewater, but high salinity always triggers microbial cell dehydration, causing the failure of the anaerobic process. In this work, betaine, one kind of compatible solutes which could balance the osmotic pressure of anaerobic biomass, was exogenously added for enhancing the anaerobic reduction of nitrobenzene (NB) at high salinity. Only 100 mg L-1 betaine dosing could significantly promote the removal efficiency of NB within 35 h at 9% salinity (36.92 ± 4.02% without betaine and 72.94 ± 6.57% with betaine). The relieving effects on salt stress could be observed in the promotion of more extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) secretion with betaine addition. Additionally, the oxidation-reduction potential (ORP), as well as the electron transfer system (ETS) value, was increased with betaine addition, which was reflected in the improvement of system removal efficiency and enzyme activity. Microbial community analysis demonstrated that Bacillus and Clostridiisalibacter which were positively correlated with the stability of the anaerobic process were enriched with betaine addition at high salinity. Metagenomic analysis speculated that the encoding genes for salt tolerance (kdpB/oadA/betA/opuD/epsP/epsH) and NB degradation (nfsA/wrbA/ccdA/menC) obtained higher relative abundance with betaine addition under high salt environment, which might be the key to improving salt tolerance of anaerobic biomass. The long-term assessment demonstrated that exogenous addition betaine played an important role in maintaining the stability of the anaerobic system, which would be a potential strategy to achieve a high-efficiency anaerobic process under high salinity conditions.


Assuntos
Betaína , Salinidade , Anaerobiose , Nitrobenzenos , Águas Residuárias
6.
Bioresour Technol ; 362: 127868, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36049707

RESUMO

Feammox process is crucial for the global nitrogen cycle and has great potentials for the treatment of low COD/NH4+-N wastewaters. This work provides a systematic and comprehensive overview of the Feammox process. Specifically, underlying mechanisms and functional microbes mediating the Feammox process are summarized in detail. And key influencing factors including pH, temperature, dissolved oxygen, organic carbon, source of Fe(III) as well as various electron shuttles are discussed. Additionally, recent development trends and attempts of the Feammox technology in wastewater treatment applications are reviewed, and perspectives for future development are presented. A thorough review of the recent progress in Feammox process is expected to provide valuable information for further process optimization, which is helpful to achieve a more economical operation and better nitrogen removal performance in future field applications.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio , Nitrogênio , Anaerobiose , Desnitrificação , Compostos Férricos , Nitrogênio/análise , Oxirredução , Tecnologia , Águas Residuárias
7.
Bioresour Technol ; 362: 127863, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055541

RESUMO

The morphological structure, properties, microbial community and function of anammox biofilms induced by large-pore carriers (Bls), small-pore carriers, filament carriers and non-carriers (Bn) in low-strength wastewater were comprehensively studied. The carriers promoted biomass accumulation and agglomeration, with Bls demonstrating the highest biomass proportion of 0.76, the highest specific anammox activity (0.41 kgN/(kgVSS·d)-1) and the largest aggregates. Hydraulic shearing stimulated Bn to secrete most extracellular polymeric substances and capture more inorganic ions for enhanced strength. Metagenomic sequencing showed that the four biofilms shared a common core flora, but differed in cross-metabolism. The proportion of the functional bacterium Candidatus Brocadia was highest in Bls, while the increase in heterotrophic bacteria in Bn supported stronger metabolic capacity. Finally, the proposed anisotropic or isotropic carrier structure was identified as the key to generating "uniform development" and "central development" models. This study is helpful for understanding the anammox aggregation mechanism and carrier optimization.


Assuntos
Reatores Biológicos , Purificação da Água , Oxidação Anaeróbia da Amônia , Anaerobiose , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/metabolismo , Biofilmes , Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Esgotos
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078215

RESUMO

The use of facial coverings has been amplified during the COVID-19 pandemic as a means to minimize the spread of disease. However, facial coverings may impede ventilation during high-intensity activity, leading to a reduction in cardiopulmonary exercise capacity. Thus, the purpose of this study was to determine the acute impact of different facial coverings on exercise performance in college-aged individuals during a 300-yard shuttle. It was hypothesized that the lowest heart rate (HR), completion time (CT), and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) would occur with no mask. Furthermore, it was hypothesized the SHEMA97 mask would have lower HR, CT, and RPE compared to surgical and fabric masks. Results showed the use of the fabric mask resulted in significantly higher HR compared to no mask (p = 0.006). The SHEMA97 mask resulted in faster CT and lower RPE compared to both the fabric and surgical masks (p < 0.001). All mask conditions yielded significantly higher levels of perceived discomfort than wearing no mask (p < 0.05). While the use of facial coverings can help prevent the spread of disease, their use during exercise may pose limitations to performance; however, the ability of the SHEMA97 to provide minimal changes to CT and RPE provides a promising option.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Adulto , Anaerobiose , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Máscaras , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Adulto Jovem
9.
Molecules ; 27(16)2022 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36014454

RESUMO

This study presents a biophotocatalytic system as a sustainable technology for the recovery of clean water and renewable energy from wastewater, thereby providing a unique opportunity to drive industrialization and global sustainable development throughputs. Herein, inhouse magnetized photocatalyst (Fe-TiO2) with surface area 62.73 m2/g synthesized via co-precipitation, was hypothesized to hasten an up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor for the treatment of local South Africa municipality wastewater with the benefit of high-quality biogas production. A lab scale UASB process with a working volume of 5 L coupled with two UV-lights (T8 blacklight-blue tube, 365 nm, 18 W) was operated batchwise under mesophilic conditions for the period of 30 days with a constant organic load charge of 2.76 kg COD/m3. d. This biophotocatalytic system performance was investigated and compared with and without the Fe-TiO2 charge (2-6 g) with respect to effluent quality, biogas production and CO2 methanation. Using chemical oxygen demand (COD) measured as the degree of degradation of the pollutants, the best efficiency of 93% COD removal was achieved by a 4 g Fe-TiO2 charge at 14 days and pH of 7.13, as compared to zero charge where only 49.6% degradation was achieved. Under the same charge, cumulative biogas and methane content of 1500 mL/g COD.d and 85% were respectively attained as compared with the control with 400 mL/g COD.d and 65% methane content. Also, the energy produced can be used to offset the energy utilized by the UV-light for the wastewater abatement and other limitations of photocatalysis. The BP system was found to be an eco-friendly and cost-effective technology to be explored in water treatment settings.


Assuntos
Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Águas Residuárias , Anaerobiose , Biocombustíveis , Reatores Biológicos , Dióxido de Carbono , Metano/química , Esgotos/química , Titânio , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos
10.
Molecules ; 27(16)2022 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36014527

RESUMO

Nutrients can be recovered from the digestate of an agricultural biogas plant in the form of solid fraction and serve as crop fertilizers. Removal of suspended solids with screw press separators is the most commonly used technique for treating digestate from biogas plants. To increase separation efficiency and nutrient transfer to the solid phase during separation, eight biocoal-based additives were investigated, which were based on beech wood and produced by pyrolysis at temperatures of 350 °C and 600 °C. Four of the biocoals were impregnated with CaCl2 or MgCl2 before pyrolysis. The reaction time between the additives and the digestate varied from 5 min to 2 weeks. The application of MgCl2-impregnated biocoal synthesized at 600 °C for 20 h increased the nutrient removal efficiency by 76.33% for ammonium and 47.15% for phosphorus, compared to the control (the untreated digestate).


Assuntos
Agricultura , Biocombustíveis , Agricultura/métodos , Anaerobiose , Fertilizantes , Nutrientes , Fósforo
11.
Nutrients ; 14(16)2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36014763

RESUMO

The impact of glucose and fructose supplementation on acute cardiac effects during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is a topic that is rarely investigated. The aim of the presented secondary outcome analysis of a double-blind, randomized crossover-controlled trial was to investigate the impact of glucose (Glu), fructose (Fru), glucose and fructose (GluFru), and sucralose on electrocardiogram (ECG), heart rate variability (HRV), premature ventricular complexes (PVCs), and heart rate turn points (HRTP) during CPET. Fourteen healthy individuals (age 25.4 ± 2.5 years, body mass index (BMI) 23.7 ± 1.7 kg/m2, body mass (BM) of 76.3 ± 12.3 kg) participated in this study, of which 12 were included for analysis. Participants received 1 g/kg BM of Glu, 1 g/kg BM of Fru, 0.5 g/kg BM of GluFru (each), and 0.2 g sucralose dissolved in 300 mL 30 min prior to each exercise session. No relevant clinical pathology or significant inter-individual differences between our participants could be revealed for baseline ECG parameters, such as heart rate (HR) (mean HR 70 ± 16 bpm), PQ interval (146 ± 20 ms), QRS interval (87 ± 16 ms) and the QT (405 ± 39 ms), and QTc interval (431 ± 15 ms). We found preserved cardiac autonomic function by analyzing the acute effects of different Glu, Fru, GluFru, or sucralose supplementation on cardiac autonomic function by Schellong-1 testing. SDNN and RMSSD revealed normal sympathetic and parasympathetic activities displaying a balanced system of cardiac autonomic regulation across our participating subjects with no impact on the metabolism. During CPET performance analyses, HRV values did not indicate significant changes between the ingested drinks within the different time points. Comparing the HRTP of the CPET with endurance testing by variable metabolic conditions, no significant differences were found between the HRTP of the CPET data (170 ± 12 bpm), Glu (171 ± 10 bpm), Fru (171 ± 9 bpm), GluFru (172 ± 9 bpm), and sucralose (170 ± 8 bpm) (p = 0.83). Additionally, the obtained time to reach HRTP did not significantly differ between Glu (202 ± 75 s), Fru (190 ± 88 s), GluFru (210 ± 89 s), and sucralose (190 ± 34 s) (p = 0.59). The significance of this study lies in evaluating the varying metabolic conditions on cardiac autonomic modulation in young healthy individuals. In contrast, our participants showed comparable cardiac autonomic responses determined by ECG and CPET.


Assuntos
Frutose , Glucose , Adulto , Anaerobiose , Suplementos Nutricionais , Eletrocardiografia , Frutose/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Therm Biol ; 108: 103280, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36031208

RESUMO

Indoor stadium is an important place for physical exercise and sports practice, but few studies have considered the impact of indoor environment on exercise performance. Anaerobic exercise refers to exercise with high load intensity and instantaneous intensity. Many kinds of exercise performance are closely related to anaerobic exercise. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the influence of temperature, relative humidity and CO2 concentration on anaerobic exercise performance. Sixteen healthy participants (21.5 ± 3.5 years) performed Wingate anaerobic test in 9 cases under the orthogonal experimental design. Temperature is a significant factor affecting peak power (p < 0.05) and average power (p < 0.05). The peak power at 22 °C and 25 °C is 5.4% and 5.1% higher than that at 28 °C, and the average power at 22 °C and 25 °C is 4.2% and 4.3% higher than that at 28 °C. Besides, temperature affected overall environmental satisfaction before and after exercise (p < 0.005, p < 0.005) as well as ear temperature in sedentary state and after warm-up exercise (p < 0.005, p < 0.005). The range of 22 °C-25 °C is closer to the neutral temperature, and it is suitable for anaerobic exercise. However, we did not find that changes in relative humidity and carbon dioxide concentration had an effect on anaerobic exercise performance.


Assuntos
Temperatura Corporal , Exercício Físico , Anaerobiose , Teste de Esforço , Humanos
13.
J Hazard Mater ; 438: 129569, 2022 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35999753

RESUMO

The existing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in marine sediment has become a critical threat to biological security. Terminal electron acceptor (TEA) amendment has been applied as a potential strategy to accelerate bioremediation in sediment. HCO3-, NO3-, and SO42- were separately added to anaerobic sediment system containing five kinds of PAH, namely, phenanthrene, anthracene, fluoranthene, pyrene and benzo(a)pyrene. PAH concentration, PAH metabolites, TEA concentration, and electron transport system (ETS) activity were investigated. The HCO3- amendment group achieved the max PAH degradation efficiency of 84.98 %. SO42- group led to the highest benzo(a)pyrene removal rate of 69.26 %. NO3- had the lowest PAH degradation rate of 76.16 %. ETS activity test showed that NO3- significantly inhibited electron transport activity in the sediment. The identified PAH metabolites were the same in each group, including 4,5-dimethylphenanthrene, 3-acetylphenanthrene, 9,10-anthracenedione, pyrene-7-hydroxy-8-carboxylic acid, anthrone, and dibenzothiophene. After 126 d's anaerobic degradation at 25 °C, the utilization of HCO3- and SO42- as selected TEAs promoted the PAH biodegradation performance better than the utilization of NO3-.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Anaerobiose , Benzo(a)pireno , Biodegradação Ambiental , Elétrons , Sedimentos Geológicos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise
14.
Cells ; 11(16)2022 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36010646

RESUMO

This paper analyses the impact of the diatomaceous earth/peat (DEP; 3:1) microbial carrier on changes in the bacterial microbiome and the development of biofilm in the anaerobic digestion (AD) of confectionery waste, combined with digested sewage sludge as inoculum. The physicochemical properties of the carrier material are presented, with particular focus on its morphological and dispersion characteristics, as well as adsorption and thermal properties. In this respect, the DEP system was found to be a suitable carrier for both mesophilic and thermophilic AD. The evaluation of quantitative and qualitative changes in the genetic diversity of bacterial communities, carried out using next-generation sequencing (NGS), showed that the material has a modifying effect on the bacterial microbiome. While Actinobacteria was the most abundant cluster in the WF-control sample (WF-waste wafers), Firmicutes was the dominant cluster in the digested samples without the carrier (WF-dig.; dig.-digested) and with the carrier (WF + DEP). The same was true for the count of Proteobacteria, which decreased twofold during biodegradation in favor of Synergistetes. The Syntrophomonas cluster was identified as the most abundant genus in the two samples, particularly in WF + DEP. This information was supplemented by observations of morphological features of microorganisms carried out using fluorescence microscopy. The biodegradation process itself had a significant impact on changes in the microbiome of samples taken from anaerobic bioreactors, reducing its biodiversity. As demonstrated by the results of this innovative method, namely the BioFlux microfluidic flow system, the decrease in the number of taxa in the digested samples and the addition of DEP contributed to the microbial adhesion in the microfluidic system and the formation of a stable biofilm.


Assuntos
Terra de Diatomáceas , Solo , Anaerobiose , Bactérias/metabolismo , Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia , Terra de Diatomáceas/metabolismo , Variação Genética , Esgotos/química , Esgotos/microbiologia
15.
Environ Sci Technol ; 56(16): 11310-11322, 2022 08 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35913201

RESUMO

An osmoprotectant that alleviates the bacterial osmotic stress can improve the bioreactor treatment of saline wastewater. However, proposed candidates are expensive, and osmoprotectants of anammox bacteria and their ecophysiological roles are not fully understood. In this study, a comparative analysis of 34 high-quality public metagenome-assembled genomes from anammox bacteria revealed two distinct groups of osmoadaptation. Candidatus Scalindua and Kuenenia share a close phylogenomic relation and osmoadaptation gene profile and have pathways for glutamate transport and metabolisms for enhanced osmoadaptation. The batch assay results demonstrated that the reduced Ca. Kuenenia activity in saline conditions was substantially alleviated with the addition and subsequent synergistic effects of potassium and glutamate. The operational test of two reactors demonstrated that the reduced anammox performance under brine conditions rapidly recovered by 35.7-43.1% as a result of glutamate treatment. The Ca. Kuenenia 16S rRNA and hydrazine gene expressions were upregulated significantly (p < 0.05), and the abundance increased by approximately 19.9%, with a decrease in dominant heterotrophs. These data demonstrated the effectiveness of glutamate in alleviating the osmotic stress of Ca. Kuenenia. This study provides genomic insight into group-specific osmoadaptation of anammox bacteria and can facilitate the precision management of anammox reactors under high salinity.


Assuntos
Ácido Glutâmico , Salinidade , Oxidação Anaeróbia da Amônia , Anaerobiose , Bactérias/metabolismo , Genômica , Ácido Glutâmico/genética , Ácido Glutâmico/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
16.
Waste Manag ; 151: 1-9, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35914374

RESUMO

As an alternative for commercial enzyme, crude enzyme of fungal mash could promote food waste (FW) hydrolysis, but its specific effects coupled pH adjusting on the production of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) remains unknown. The crude enzyme produced from an Aspergillus awamori, named complex-amylase (CA), was added to short-term anaerobic system of FW fermentation. Results showed that adding CA significantly improved the solubility and degradability of biodegradable and non-biodegradable organics in FW, where the SCOD concentration with adding CA increased by 116.9% relative to the control but a marginal enhancement on VFAs yield. In contrast, adding CA combined with adjusting pH 8 markedly increased the VFAs production to 32.0 g COD/L, almost 10 times as much as the control. Besides, pH adjusting altered the metabolic pathway from lactate-type to butyrate-type. Adding CA coupled pH adjusting significant increase the component of butyrate compared with pH adjusting alone. Moreover, microbial community analysis indicated that adding CA reinforced proportion of the butyrate-producing bacteria (e.g., Dialister) under basic conditions, thus enhancing the butyrate metabolic pathways. This study demonstrated that fungal mash pretreatment coupled pH conditioning could be an economical way to enhance VFAs yield for FW valorization during anaerobic fermentation.


Assuntos
Alimentos , Eliminação de Resíduos , Anaerobiose , Reatores Biológicos , Butiratos/química , Butiratos/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis , Fermentação , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Esgotos
17.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 788, 2022 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35978349

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This retrospective study analyzed the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with anaerobic spondylodiscitis. METHODS: From a total of 382 patients with infectious spondylodiscitis, nine patients (2.4%; two male and seven female with an average age of 67 years) with anaerobic spondylodiscitis between March 2003 and March 2017 were analyzed. RESULTS: Most of the patients (77.8%) initially presented with afebrile back pain. Hematogenous spread occurred in seven patients and postoperative infection in two patients. Bacteroid fragilis was the most common pathogen isolated from three patients. Atypical radiographic characteristics, including a vertebral fracture with the preservation of disk height or coexisting spondylolytic spondylolisthesis, occurred in four patients with hematogenous anaerobic spondylodiscitis. The eradication rate of anaerobic infection was significantly higher in the patients with hematogenous infection than in those with postoperative infection (100% vs. 0%, p = 0.0476). Anaerobic spondylodiscitis accounted for 2.4% of cases of infectious spondylodiscitis and predominantly affected the female patients. CONCLUSIONS: Diagnostic delay may occur because of atypical spinal radiographs if the patient reports only back pain but no fever. Anaerobic infection following elective spinal instrumentation has a higher recurrence rate.


Assuntos
Discite , Idoso , Anaerobiose , Dor nas Costas/complicações , Diagnóstico Tardio/efeitos adversos , Discite/diagnóstico por imagem , Discite/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Mol Biol Evol ; 39(8)2022 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35920138

RESUMO

The anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) bacteria can transform ammonium and nitrite to dinitrogen gas, and this obligate anaerobic process accounts for up to half of the global nitrogen loss in surface environments. Yet its origin and evolution, which may give important insights into the biogeochemistry of early Earth, remain enigmatic. Here, we performed a comprehensive phylogenomic and molecular clock analysis of anammox bacteria within the phylum Planctomycetes. After accommodating the uncertainties and factors influencing time estimates, which include implementing both a traditional cyanobacteria-based and a recently developed mitochondria-based molecular dating approach, we estimated a consistent origin of anammox bacteria at early Proterozoic and most likely around the so-called Great Oxidation Event (GOE; 2.32-2.5 Ga) which fundamentally changed global biogeochemical cycles. We further showed that during the origin of anammox bacteria, genes involved in oxidative stress adaptation, bioenergetics, and anammox granules formation were recruited, which might have contributed to their survival on an increasingly oxic Earth. Our findings suggest the rising levels of atmospheric oxygen, which made nitrite increasingly available, was a potential driving force for the emergence of anammox bacteria. This is one of the first studies that link the GOE to the evolution of obligate anaerobic bacteria.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio , Bactérias Anaeróbias , Oxidação Anaeróbia da Amônia , Anaerobiose , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias Anaeróbias/genética , Nitritos , Nitrogênio , Oxirredução , Filogenia , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário
19.
Waste Manag ; 151: 70-80, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35930842

RESUMO

A new co-processing mode of waste liquid from anaerobic fermentation of organic wastes and municipal solid waste incineration fly ash (MSWI-FA) dechlorination is reported in this paper. Taking acetic acid, the most common organic acid in anaerobic fermentation systems, as the representative of anaerobic fermentation organic acids, the improvement of the dechlorination effect and the mechanism of washing MSWI-FA with low concentrations of organic acid lotion were explored. The chlorine content of MSWI-FA was reduced to 0.82% after the optimal process washing pretreatment. Three anaerobic fermentation waste liquids (AFWLs) were used to verify that the chlorine content of MSWI-FA could be reduced to less than 1%, and the dechlorination effect of brewery wastewater, which reduced the chlorine content of MSWI-FA to 0.91%, was the best at this. The influence of the washing process on MSWI-FA pyrolysis was reflected in the whole process. The release of chloride decreased and the weight loss was mainly due to the release of CO2. The melting point of MSWI-FA, washed by the optimal process, was reduced by nearly 30 ℃, and only 0.06% chlorine remained after calcination at 1100 ℃, which was extremely beneficial in reducing the release of trace elements in MSWI-FA during heat treatment, and for the preparation of cement raw meal.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Eliminação de Resíduos , Anaerobiose , Carbono , Cloro , Cinza de Carvão , Fermentação , Incineração , Metais Pesados/análise , Material Particulado , Resíduos Sólidos/análise
20.
Waste Manag ; 151: 154-162, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35952413

RESUMO

The dramatic increase of textile wastes has become a major global concern, which calls for alternative practices to alleviate severe environmental pollution and waste of resources due to their improper disposal and management. Anaerobic digestion (AD) is a cost-effective and eco-friendly technology that allows the bioconversion of organic wastes into clean energy (methane), which might be potentially useful for recycling textile wastes. In this study, AD was applied to 11 commonly available textile wastes in daily life to explore their feasibility, along with the methane production efficiency, biodegradability (BD), degradation mechanism, and microbial community dynamics during AD. The results showed that all textile wastes presented an obvious decomposition from an integrated shape to fragmented pieces within 18 days except blue denim. The highest experimental methane production (EMP) of 356.0 mL/g volatile solids (VS) and BD of 78.0 % were obtained with flax. The degradation mechanism could be concluded that predominant bacteria, especially Clostridium sensu stricto, first attached to the surface of textile waste and converted its main compositions cellulose and hemicellulose into acetate as the core intermediate. Then, acetate was utilized by the major methanogen, Methanothrix, through the acetoclastic methanogenesis pathway to produce methane. This study not only enriches the understanding of textile wastes degradation mechanisms during AD and provides very useful data on methane production from commonly available textile wastes but also proposes a promising method for efficiently recycling and utilizing the diverse range of textile wastes to reduce waste pollution and generate clean energy simultaneously.


Assuntos
Metano , Microbiota , Anaerobiose , Reatores Biológicos , Reciclagem , Têxteis
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...