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1.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 22(1): 254, 2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35668381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA), is a pathological dilatation of the aortic segment with the tendency to expand, dissect or rupture, and risk of mortality. The progression rate is mainly slow. As the risk of rupture increases with the size of the aortic diameter, it is important to diagnose TAA appropriately to prevent mortality. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we present a case with a fast-growing TAA, complicated by subclinical dissection in a middle-aged gentleman, associated with non-compaction left ventricle, diagnosed 6 months after the first diagnosis of this co-occurrence, successfully managed by an uneventful surgical procedure. The pathological examination was the key to the diagnosis of this concealed phenomenon, i.e. a fast-growing aortic aneurysm complicated by subclinical dissection. CONCLUSION: This case report emphasizes the importance of close follow-up of patients with fast-growing TAA for considering remote possibility of this silent life-threatening disease; subclinical dissecting aneurysm, especially in patients with other cardiac comorbidities. Although imaging modalities can help accurate diagnosis, in cases with fast-growing TAA, we should not wait for imaging signs of dissection and/or rupture.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Aneurisma Dissecante/complicações , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta/patologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/complicações , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Dilatação Patológica/complicações , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
2.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (6): 32-39, 2022.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35658134

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the outcomes of aortic arch debranching in hybrid thoracic aortic replacement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 107 patients who underwent hybrid thoracic aortic repair with debranching of supra-aortic vessels between 2015 and 2021. Patients underwent total and partial debranching (subtotal debranching and subclavian-carotid anastomosis/bypass). Debranching was performed in patients with type 3 dissection, type B aneurysms, post-traumatic aortic isthmus and arch aneurysms, thoracoabdominal aneurysms type A and DeBakey type 1 dissections. RESULTS: One patient (0.9%) died from thoracic aorta rupture after retrograde dissection. There was a moderate decrease of blood flow velocity through the left vertebral artery after subtotal debranching without severe hemodynamic disorders. Despite mild surgical trauma, subtotal and especially total debranching are characterized by higher risk of thrombosis of branches with potential fatal outcomes. In young patients requiring subtotal aortic arch debranching, open reconstruction or repair with fenestrated stents is preferred. We recommend a Bavaria type II hybrid procedure for patients with high surgical risk. In our opinion, more physiological hybrid interventions with anatomical arrangement of supra-aortic vessels such as Elephant Trunk and Frozen Elephant Trunk procedures are preferred.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 17(1): 140, 2022 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35659278

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Type A acute aortic dissection (TAAAD) complicated with cerebral malperfusion (CM) is a life-threatening condition associated with high mortality, poor outcomes, and the optimal surgical management remains controversial. The aim of this review was to report the current results of surgical interventions of these patients. METHODS: A systematic review was performed using PubMed and MEDLINE search for cases underwent surgical repair for TAAAD with CM. Demographics, neurological symptom, the time from onset of symptoms to operation, operation data, mortality, neurological outcome, and follow-up were reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 363 patients with mean age of 65.7 ± 13 years underwent surgical repair for TAAAD with CM were identified in 12 retrospective studies. In-hospital mortality was 20.1%. Mean duration of follow-up was 40.1 ± 37.6 months. The involved supra-aortic branch vessels were RCCA (n = 99), LCCA (n = 25), B-CCA (n = 52), CCA (n = 131), IA (n = 19), and LSA (n = 8). Time from onset of neurological symptoms to surgery was 13.3 h. Antegrade and/or retrograde cerebral perfusion were applied. Postoperatively, improved, unchanged and worsened neurological status was occurred in 54.3%, 27.1%, and 8.5%, respectively in 199 patients. CONCLUSION: The outcomes of surgical treatment of TAAAD complicated with CM indicate acceptable early mortality and morbidity. It is reasonable to perform lifesaving surgery on these patients. Early central surgical repair and reperfusion of brain may improve the outcomes.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/complicações , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reperfusão/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 20(1): 94, 2022 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35701761

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System 29-item Profile (PROMIS-29) has been widely used to measure health outcomes from the patient's perspective. It has not been validated in adults with aortic disease. The aim of this study was to explore the reliability and validity of the Chinese PROMIS-29 among patients undergoing surgery for aortic dissection (AD). METHODS: A cross-sectional design was applied. Eligible patients completed a questionnaire that contained the PROMIS-29 and legacy measures, including the Short Form-12 Health Survey (SF-12), 8-item Somatic Symptom Scale (SSS-8), Generalized Anxiety Disorder-2 (GAD-2), and Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2). The structural validity of the PROMIS-29 was evaluated using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Reliability was evaluated with Cronbach's α. Construct validity was assessed by calculating Spearman's rank correlations and comparing known-group differences. RESULTS: In total, a sample of 327 AD patients was included in the final analysis. Most of them were male (89%) with a mean age of 52.7 (± 10.3). CFA revealed good model fit of the seven-factor structure within PROMIS-29, as well as most domains in single-factor analysis. Reliability was confirmed with Cronbach's α > 0.90. Correlations between comparable domains of the PROMIS-29 and those of legacy questionnaires and most know-group comparisons were observed as hypothesized. CONCLUSIONS: This study found evidence for acceptable structural validity, construct validity and internal consistency of the PROMIS-29 in a sample of AD patients. It can be applied to AD survivors by researchers or clinicians, measuring outcomes after surgery and identifying those with worse health status.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Sistemas de Informação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 17(1): 151, 2022 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35698229

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore whether or to what extent metabolic syndrome (METs) and its components were associated with hypoxemia in acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) patients after surgery. METHODS: This study involved 271 inpatients who underwent surgery. Demographic and clinical data were collected. Subgroup analysis, mixed model regression analysis, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis were performed, and a scoring system was evaluated. RESULTS: The 271 inpatients were assigned to the hypoxemia group (n = 48) or no hypoxemia group (n = 223) regardless of METs status. Compared to the no hypoxemia group, the hypoxemia group had a higher incidence of METs. Hypoxemia was present in 0%, 3.7%, 19.8%, 51.5%, 90.0% and 100% in the groups of individuals who met the diagnostic criteria of MetS 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 times, respectively. In the multivariable logistic regression analysis, BMI quartile was still a risk factor for hypoxemia after adjustment for other risk factors. After adjustment for potential confounding factors, METs was an independent risk factor for hypoxemia in several models. After assigning a score for each METs component present, the AUCs were 0.852 (95% CI 0.789-0.914) in all patients, 0.728 (95% CI 0.573-0.882) in patients with METs and 0.744 (95% CI 0.636-0.853) in patients without METs according to receiver operating characteristic analysis. CONCLUSIONS: METs, especially body mass index, confers a greater risk of hypoxemia in ATAAD after surgery.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Síndrome Metabólica , Aneurisma Dissecante/complicações , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Humanos , Hipóxia/etiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco
6.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 79(24): 2415-2427, 2022 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35710193

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the absence of clinical complications after an acute aortic dissection (AD) with persistent patent false lumen (FL), a high risk for clinical events may persist. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the natural evolution of noncomplicated AD and ascertain whether different FL flow patterns by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have independent prognostic value for AD-related events beyond established morphologic parameters. METHODS: One hundred thirty-one consecutive patients, 78 with surgically treated type A dissections and 53 with medically treated type B dissections, were followed up prospectively after acute AD with persistent patent FL in the descending aorta. Maximum aortic diameter, true lumen compression, entry tear, and partial FL thrombosis by computed tomography were assessed. Systolic antegrade true lumen and FL flow volumes and diastolic antegrade and retrograde flows were analyzed by MRI during the first year after AD. RESULTS: After a median follow-up period of 8.0 years (IQR: 4.6-10.9 years), 43 patients presented aorta-related events (25 died and 18 required endovascular treatment). FL systolic antegrade flow ≥30% with respect to total systolic antegrade flow and retrograde diastolic flow ≥80% with respect to total diastolic FL flow were predictors of aortic events. In multivariate analysis, aortic diameter >45 mm (HR: 2.91), type B dissection (HR: 2.44), and MRI flow pattern (HR: 16.87) were independent predictors of AD-related events. CONCLUSIONS: High systolic antegrade flow volume in the FL with significant diastolic retrograde flow assessed by MRI and aortic diameter >45 mm identify patients with higher risk for complications in whom more aggressive management would be indicated.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Dissecante/etiologia , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/etiologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 79(21): 2069-2081, 2022 05 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35618343

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The GenTAC (Genetically Triggered Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm and Cardiovascular Conditions) Registry enrolled patients with genetic aortopathies between 2007 and 2016. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare age distribution and probability of elective surgery for proximal aortic aneurysm, any dissection surgery, and cardiovascular mortality among aortopathy etiologies. METHODS: The GenTAC study had a retrospective/prospective design. Participants with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) with aneurysm (n = 879), Marfan syndrome (MFS) (n = 861), nonsyndromic heritable thoracic aortic disease (nsHTAD) (n = 378), Turner syndrome (TS) (n = 298), vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (vEDS) (n = 149), and Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) (n = 121) were analyzed. RESULTS: The 25% probability of elective proximal aortic aneurysm surgery was 30 years for LDS (95% CI: 18-37 years), followed by MFS (34 years; 95% CI: 32-36 years), nsHTAD (52 years; 95% CI: 48-56 years), and BAV (55 years; 95% CI: 53-58 years). Any dissection surgery 25% probability was highest in LDS (38 years; 95% CI: 33-53 years) followed by MFS (51 years; 95% CI: 46-57 years) and nsHTAD (54 years; 95% CI: 51-61 years). BAV experienced the largest relative frequency of elective surgery to any dissection surgery (254/33 = 7.7), compared with MFS (273/112 = 2.4), LDS (35/16 = 2.2), or nsHTAD (82/76 = 1.1). With MFS as the reference population, risk of any dissection surgery or cardiovascular mortality was lowest in BAV patients (HR: 0.13; 95% CI: 0.08-0.18; HR: 0.13; 95%: CI: 0.06-0.27, respectively). The greatest risk of mortality was seen in patients with vEDS. CONCLUSIONS: Marfan and LDS cohorts demonstrate age and event profiles congruent with the current understanding of syndromic aortopathies. BAV events weigh toward elective replacement with relatively few dissection surgeries. Nonsyndromic HTAD patients experience near equal probability of dissection vs prophylactic surgery, possibly because of failure of early diagnosis.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Doença da Válvula Aórtica Bicúspide , Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos , Síndrome de Loeys-Dietz , Síndrome de Marfan , Aneurisma Dissecante/epidemiologia , Aneurisma Dissecante/genética , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos/complicações , Humanos , Síndrome de Loeys-Dietz/complicações , Síndrome de Loeys-Dietz/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Loeys-Dietz/genética , Síndrome de Marfan/complicações , Síndrome de Marfan/genética , Síndrome de Marfan/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 79(19): 1890-1897, 2022 05 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35550685

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous work has demonstrated that more than one-half of acute type A aortic dissections (ATADs) occur at a maximal aortic diameter (MAD) of <5.5 cm. However, no analysis has investigated whether ATAD risk at smaller MADs is more common with modest dilation of the aortic root (AR) or supracoronary ascending aorta (AA) in patients without genetically triggered aortopathy. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine if the segment of modest aortic dilation affects risk of ATAD. METHODS: Using the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection (IRAD) database from May 1996 to October 2016, we identified 667 ATAD patients with MAD <5.5 cm. Patients were stratified by location of the largest proximal aortic segment (AR or AA). Patients with known genetically triggered aortopathy were excluded. MADs at time of dissection were compared between AR and AA groups. Secondary outcomes included operation, postoperative outcomes, and long-term survival. RESULTS: Of patients with ATAD at an MAD <5.5 cm, 79.5% (n = 530) were in the AA group and 20.5% (n = 137) in the AR group. Modestly dilated ARs (median MAD 4.6 cm [IQR: 4.1-5.0 cm]) dissected at a significantly smaller diameter than modestly dilated AAs (median MAD 4.8 cm [IQR: 4.4-5.1 cm]) (P < 0.01). AR patients were significantly younger than AA patients (58.5 ± 13.0 years vs 63.2 ± 13.3 years; P < 0.01) and more commonly male (78% vs 65%; P < 0.01). Postoperative and long-term outcomes did not differ between groups. CONCLUSIONS: ATAD appears to occur at smaller diameters in patients with modest dilation in the AR vs the AA (4.6 vs 4.8 cm). These findings may have implications for future consensus guidelines regarding the management of patients with aortic disease.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Doenças da Aorta , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
12.
Nat Genet ; 54(6): 772-782, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35637384

RESUMO

Enlargement of the aorta is an important risk factor for aortic aneurysm and dissection, a leading cause of morbidity in the developed world. Here we performed automated extraction of ascending aortic diameter from cardiac magnetic resonance images of 36,021 individuals from the UK Biobank, followed by genome-wide association. We identified lead variants across 41 loci, including genes related to cardiovascular development (HAND2, TBX20) and Mendelian forms of thoracic aortic disease (ELN, FBN1). A polygenic score significantly predicted prevalent risk of thoracic aortic aneurysm and the need for surgical intervention for patients with thoracic aneurysm across multiple ancestries within the UK Biobank, FinnGen, the Penn Medicine Biobank and the Million Veterans Program (MVP). Additionally, we highlight the primary causal role of blood pressure in reducing aortic dilation using Mendelian randomization. Overall, our findings provide a roadmap for using genetic determinants of human anatomy to understand cardiovascular development while improving prediction of diseases of the thoracic aorta.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Aneurisma Aórtico , Aneurisma Dissecante/genética , Aneurisma Dissecante/patologia , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta/patologia , Aneurisma Aórtico/patologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos
13.
J Invest Surg ; 35(7): 1536-1543, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35635013

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze perioperative complications and postoperative mortality in patients of acute Stanford type A aortic dissection(ATAAD)combined with cardiac tamponade (TMP). METHODS: In this study, we identified a total of 242 ATAAD patients who underwent surgery from January 2016 to December 2020. Of the 242 patients, 44(18.2%) patients were combined with TMP and 198(81.8%) patients without TMP. We compared perioperative complications and postoperative mortality between the two groups. RESULTS: The postoperative mortality was significantly higher in patients with TMP (29.5% vs 14.1%, p = 0.014). The incidence of postoperative acute kidney injury (75.0% vs 51.5%, p = 0.005), acute hepatic injury (45.5% vs 20.7%, p = 0.001), cerebral infarction (27.3% vs 13.1%, p = 0.020), low cardiac output syndrome (50.0% vs 33.3%, p = 0.038) and respiratory failure (36.4% vs 22.2%, p = 0.049) in patients with TMP was significantly higher than those without TMP. Binary logistic regression analysis showed that age [odds ratio(OR) 1.063, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.023∼1.105; p = 0.002], surgical time[odds ratio(OR)1.393, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.006∼1.929; p = 0.046], cardiac tamponade[odds ratio(OR)3.010, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.166∼7.767; p = 0.023], circulatory arrest time[odds ratio(OR)1.044, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.001∼1.088; p = 0.045] were independent risk factors for postoperative mortality in ATAAD patients. CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac tamponade increases the difficulty of perioperative management in ATAAD patients, the incidence of postoperative complications and postoperative mortality, which requires the cooperation of anesthesiologists, intensivists and surgeons to save and improve patients' lives.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Aneurisma Aórtico , Tamponamento Cardíaco , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma Aórtico/complicações , Tamponamento Cardíaco/complicações , Tamponamento Cardíaco/etiologia , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 17(1): 127, 2022 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35606857

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite continuous developments and advances in the perioperative management of patients suffering from acute aortic dissection type A (AADA), the associated postoperative morbidity and mortality remain high and strongly depend on the preoperative clinical status. The associated postoperative mortality is still hard to predict prior to the surgical procedure. The so-called German Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection Type A (GERAADA) score uses very basic and easily retrievable parameters and was specifically designed for predicting the 30-day mortality rate in patients undergoing surgery for AADA. This study evaluated impact of the GERAADA score in the authors' institutional results. METHODS: Among 101 acute type A aortic dissection patients treated at our hospital during August 2015-March 2021, the GERAADA was calculated individually and retrospectively. Predicted and actual mortalities were assessed, and independent predicted factors were searched. The primary endpoint was defined as comparison of GERAADA scores and early mortality, and the secondary endpoints were defined as comparison of GERAADA scores and other postoperative results, and comparison of preoperative factors and postoperative results regardless to GERAADA scores. RESULTS: While the overall 30-day mortality for the entire study cohort calculated by the GERAADA score was 14.3 (8.1-77.6)%, the actual mortality rate was 6%. However, the GERAADA score was significantly high in some postoperative complications and showed significant correlation with some peri- and post-operative factors. In addition, factors not belonging to GERAADA score such as time from onset to arrival at the hospital, time from onset to arrival at the operation room, spouse presence, and hemodialysis were significantly associated with 30-day mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Although the actual mortality was lower than predicted, GERAADA score may impact on the postoperative course. In addition, it would be desirable to add parameters such as the time from onset to arrival, family background, and hemodialysis for further accuracy.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Doença Aguda , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 17(1): 118, 2022 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35578309

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The outcomes of surgery for acute Stanford Type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) extend beyond mortality and morbidity. The aim of this systematic review was to summarise the literature surrounding health related quality of life (HR-QOL) following ATAAD, compare the outcomes to the standardised population, and to assess the impact of advanced age on HRQOL outcomes following surgery. METHODS: A systematic review of studies after January 2000 was performed to identify HR-QOL in patients following surgery for ATAAD. Electronic searches of three databases were performed and clinical studies extracted by two independent reviewers. Strict inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied. Quality appraisal was conducted utilizing predefined criteria on pilot forms. HR-QOL results were synthesized through a narrative review of included studies. RESULTS: There was significant attrition in HR-QOL of patients following surgery for ATAAD. Outcomes fared worse when compared to an age adjusted normative population. Of note, elderly patients were physically vulnerable, whereas younger populations may be more mentally vulnerable to postoperative sequalae. The included studies were quite heterogeneous in their study designs, methods, HR-QOL measures reported and follow up time-frames which limited direct comparison between studies. CONCLUSION: HR-QOL outcomes are adversely affected when compared to preoperative status and physical health demonstrates significant attrition over time. HR-QOL outcomes are worse off when compared to an age matched general population. In terms of age, advancing age is associated with worse physical component scores but emotional health may fare better than younger patients.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Humanos , Período Pós-Operatório
16.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 22(1): 216, 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35562652

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), lengthy treatment and long-term steroid use are the main risk factors for developing aortic aneurysms or aortic dissections. In patients with cardiac tamponade, hemodynamic collapse may lead to acute renal and hepatic failure. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the successful treatment of a 55-year-old woman with SLE since the age of 21. She suddenly felt chest pain approximately 2 weeks before developing fever and vomiting and was admitted to our hospital. Initially, she had severe liver dysfunction and was admitted to the hepatology department, where treatment for fulminant hepatitis was initiated. However, computed tomography (CT) showed an acute aortic dissection (DeBakey type II) and severe bloody pericardial effusion. Therefore, we performed emergency pericardial drainage. Plasma exchange therapy was initiated as emergency aortic surgery was deemed impossible due to impaired liver function tests and coagulation. Ten days later, the patient developed peritonitis due to small bowel perforation, and laparotomy was performed for abscess drainage and perforation closure. She had received steroid pulse therapy at the age of 21. At 40 years of age, she developed deep vein thrombosis due to antiphospholipid antibodies and was prescribed prednisolone. She was ambulatory at 3 months after the onset of acute aortic dissection, and CT revealed a rapidly enlarging true aneurysm in the distal arch. We performed elective aortic surgery. Although there were no antiphospholipid antibodies, surgery could have led to a devastating antiphospholipid syndrome. Therefore, we decided to treat the patient with triple therapy. Methylprednisolone was intravenously administered intraoperatively and at 1 day postoperatively. The patient was discharged without complications after returning to her usual oral prednisolone regimen. CONCLUSIONS: The patient described herein had a systemic circulatory failure due to cardiac tamponade, accompanied by liver failure. This condition is a significant cause of death in patients with aortic dissection-associated SLE and is extremely dangerous. However, multi-specialty intervention helped the patient recover, and she has been attending the outpatient clinic. Aortic surgery requiring hypothermia in SLE patients with antiphospholipid syndrome and a history of thrombocytopenia or thrombosis requires a multi-disciplinary treatment team, including cardiac surgeons and medical experts.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica , Tamponamento Cardíaco , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Dissecante/etiologia , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/complicações , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/diagnóstico , Tamponamento Cardíaco/diagnóstico por imagem , Tamponamento Cardíaco/etiologia , Tamponamento Cardíaco/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Metilprednisolona , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 11(9): e024149, 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35492000

RESUMO

Background The association between female sex and poor outcomes following surgery for type A acute aortic dissection has been reported; however, sex-related differences in clinical features and in-hospital outcomes of type B acute aortic dissection, including classic aortic dissection and intramural hematoma, remain to be elucidated. Methods and Results We studied 2372 patients with type B acute aortic dissection who were enrolled in the Tokyo Acute Aortic Super-Network Registry. There were fewer and older women than men (median age [interquartile range]: 76 years [66-84 years], n=695 versus 68 years [57-77 years], n=1677; P<0.001). Women presented to the aortic centers later than men. Women had a higher proportion of intramural hematoma (63.7% versus 53.7%, P<0.001), were medically managed more frequently (90.9% versus 86.3%, P=0.002), and had less end-organ malperfusion (2.4% versus 5.7%, P<0.001) and higher in-hospital mortality (5.3% versus 2.7%, P=0.002) than men. In multivariable analysis, age (per year, odds ratio [OR], 1.06 [95% CI, 1.03-1.08]; P<0.001), hyperlipidemia (OR, 2.09 [95% CI, 1.13-3.88]; P=0.019), painlessness (OR, 2.59 [95% CI, 1.14-5.89]; P=0.023), shock/hypotension (OR, 2.93 [95% CI, 1.21-7.11]; P=0.017), non-intramural hematoma (OR, 2.31 [95% CI, 1.32-4.05]; P=0.004), aortic rupture (OR, 26.6 [95% CI, 14.1-50.0]; P<0.001), and end-organ malperfusion (OR, 4.61 [95% CI, 2.11-10.1]; P<0.001) were associated with higher in-hospital mortality, but was not female sex (OR, 1.67 [95% CI, 0.96-2.91]; P=0.072). Conclusions Women affected with type B acute aortic dissection were older and had more intramural hematoma, a lower incidence of end-organ malperfusion, and higher in-hospital mortality than men. However, female sex was not associated with in-hospital mortality after multivariable adjustment.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Hospitais , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Feminino , Hematoma/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Sistema de Registros , Caracteres Sexuais
18.
Semin Vasc Surg ; 35(1): 35-42, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35501039

RESUMO

Aortic dissection (AD) is recognized as a potentially fatal condition and its standard treatment has been surgical intervention for acute type A AD (TAAD) and complicated acute type B AD (TBAD), and medical management for uncomplicated acute type B AD. Due to rapidly evolving device technologies and minimally invasive surgical techniques that have lowered perioperative risk, there are paradigm shifts for the indications and treatment options for both TAAD and TBAD. In this article, we will discuss the current indications and treatment options for TAAD and TBAD by chronicity of the disease, which comprises four categories: acute TAAD, chronic (repaired) TAAD, acute TBAD, and chronic TBAD. We will also discuss the knowledge gaps in the current surgical management strategies and literature evidence. Open surgical intervention remains the reference standard for acute TAAD and chronic TAAD with complications until an endoprosthesis that will suit the complex anatomy of aortic root, ascending aorta, and aortic arch is developed. Thoracic endovascular aortic repair is now the first line for complicated acute and chronic TBADs. However, we need a larger trials to support the safety and durability of the procedures in patients with uncomplicated TBAD. Without additional data, patients are left to choose between existing treatment options, such as open surgical repair and stent-grafting.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta , Aorta Torácica , Humanos , Stents
19.
Semin Vasc Surg ; 35(1): 43-50, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35501040

RESUMO

Telemedicine uses telephone-based or any form of digital communication for remote clinical services. It has been a field of interest for the last century, with broader implementation of telemedicine technologies during the last 25 years. The COVID-19 pandemic was an impetus for the adoption of these technologies globally across all health care services, including patient care, surgical practice, and workflow. As part of the patient engagement work in the Aortic Dissection Collaborative, this topic was identified as an important patient-centered research topic. Telemedicine has been adopted increasingly in vascular surgery; however, there is little evidence on appropriate use of these technologies pertaining to treating patients with aortic dissection or aortopathy in general. This landscape review summarizes the uses of telemedicine applications pre and post pandemic in medicine and vascular surgery, with a particular focus on uses in aortopathy. Using common resource databases, we identified articles related to the history of telemedicine, its current utilization, and application to vascular surgery and/or aortopathy. We briefly review the history of telemedicine and illustrate a range of applications in medicine before the pandemic, along with its rapid uptake globally during the COVID-19 pandemic. The enablers and barriers to using telemedicine are explored, although as a whole there is satisfaction with its integration among patients and providers. To address these, we offer recommendations to address future research as it pertains to telemedicine technologies in aortic dissection.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , COVID-19 , Especialidades Cirúrgicas , Telemedicina , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias
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