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2.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15099, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064872

RESUMO

Current dynamic MRA techniques are limited by temporal resolution and signal-to-noise penalties. GRASP, a fast and flexible MRI technique combining compressed-sensing, parallel imaging, and golden-angle radial sampling, acquires volumetric data continuously and can be reconstructed post hoc for user-defined applications. We describe a custom pipeline to retrospectively reconstruct ultrahigh temporal resolution, dynamic MRA from GRASP imaging obtained in the course of routine practice. GRASP scans were reconstructed using a custom implementation of the GRASP algorithm and post-processed with MeVisLab (MeVis Medical Solutions AG, Germany). Twenty consecutive examinations were scored by three neuroradiologists for angiographic quality of specific vascular segments and imaging artifacts using a 4-point scale. Unsubtracted images, baseline-subtracted images, and a temporal gradient dataset were available in 2D and 3D reconstructions. Distinct arterial and capillary phases were identified in all reconstructions, with a median of 2 frames (IQR1-3 and 2-3, respectively). Median rating for vascular segments was 3 (excellent) in all reconstructions and for nearly all segments, with excellent intraclass correlation (range 0.91-1.00). No cases were degraded by artifacts. GRASP-MRI obtained in routine practice can be seamlessly repurposed to produce high quality 4D MRA with 1-2-s resolved isotropic cerebrovascular angiography. Further exploration into diagnostic accuracy in disease-specific applications is warranted.


Assuntos
Aumento da Imagem , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Angiografia , Meios de Contraste , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0273896, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36054188

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) patients have elevated levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, rendering them at high risk of premature coronary artery disease (PCAD). However, the FH prevalence among angiogram-proven PCAD (AP-PCAD) patients and their status of coronary risk factors (CRFs) have not been reported in the Asian population. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to (1) determine the prevalence of clinically diagnosed FH among AP-PCAD patients, (2) compare CRFs between AP-PCAD patients with control groups, and (3) identify the independent predictors of PCAD. METHODS: AP-PCAD patients and FH patients without PCAD were recruited from Cardiology and Specialist Lipid Clinics. Subjects were divided into AP-PCAD with FH (G1), AP-PCAD without FH (G2), FH without PCAD (G3) and normal controls (G4). Medical records were collected from the clinic database and standardised questionnaires. FH was clinically diagnosed using Dutch Lipid Clinic Network Criteria. RESULTS: A total of 572 subjects were recruited (males:86.4%; mean±SD age: 55.6±8.5years). The prevalence of Definite, Potential and All FH among AP-PCAD patients were 6%(19/319), 16% (51/319) and 45.5% (145/319) respectively. G1 had higher central obesity, family history of PCAD and family history of hypercholesterolaemia compared to other groups. Among all subjects, diabetes [OR(95% CI): 4.7(2.9,7.7)], hypertension [OR(95% CI): 14.1(7.8,25.6)], FH [OR(95% CI): 2.9(1.5,5.5)] and Potential (Definite and Probable) FH [OR(95% CI): 4.5(2.1,9.6)] were independent predictors for PCAD. Among FH patients, family history of PCAD [OR(95% CI): 3.0(1.4,6.3)] and Definite FH [OR(95% CI): 7.1(1.9,27.4)] were independent predictors for PCAD. CONCLUSION: Potential FH is common among AP-PCAD patients and contributes greatly to the AP-PCAD. FH-PCAD subjects have greater proportions of various risk factors compared to other groups. Presence of FH, diabetes, hypertension, obesity and family history of PCAD are independent predictors of PCAD. FH with PCAD is in very-high-risk category, hence, early management of modifiable CRFs in these patients are warranted.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Hiperlipoproteinemia Tipo II , Hipertensão , Angiografia , LDL-Colesterol , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hiperlipoproteinemia Tipo II/complicações , Hiperlipoproteinemia Tipo II/diagnóstico , Hiperlipoproteinemia Tipo II/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
4.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058658

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the localization methods of supratrochlear artery (STA) and supraorbital artery (SOA), and to explore the clinical benefit of locating nerve via accompanying vascular localization in combined transfrontal and intranasal endoscopic approaches. Methods: From June 2019 to May 2021, 14 patients, including 11 males and 3 females, aging from 18 to 69 years old, were underwent frontal sinus surgery through the combined transfrontal and intranasal endoscopic approaches in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University. Before the surgery, localization of STA and SOA was determined by color doppler flow imaging (CDFI), computerized topographic angiography (CTA) and contrast enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (CE-MRA) respectively, and the distances between STA and SOA from facial midline were measured on 28 eyebrows. The position of external incision was determined according to the preoperative localization of STA and SOA. The examination time, cost and postoperative complications of the three methods were recorded. The accuracy of localization at 14 sides was verified by the surgery. GraphPad Prism 8.3 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: STA and SOA could be located by CDFI, CTA and CE-MRA. There was no significant difference in the measurement of the distance between STA and SOA from the facial midline among 3 methods (all P>0.05). Determining the position of external incision according to the localization of STA and SOA could protect both the blood vessels and accompanying nerves. No postoperative complications such as numbness of the forehead skin occurred. The measurement time of CDFI, CTA and CE-MRA was 22.50 (15.75, 30.00), 30.00 (28.00, 34.25) and 48.00 (44.00, 52.75) min (M (Q1, Q3)), respectively (all P<0.05). CDFI incurred the lowest costs and took the shortest time. Conclusions: CDFI is an efficient and economic localization method. The localization of STA and SOA facilitates the precise selection of the position of external incision, protects the accompanying nerve and reduces postoperative complications.


Assuntos
Angiografia , Endoscopia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Artérias , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Adulto Jovem
5.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(16): 5736-5744, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36066147

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to quantify the macular vascular density and retinal thickness in the eyes of young myopic people with myopia without pathological changes using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 160 eyes of 80 myopia subjects without pathological changes were classified into three groups: mild myopia (N=40 eyes), moderate myopia (N=66 eyes), and high myopia (N=54 eyes). Macular vascular density (VD), retinal thickness, area of the foveal avascular zone, the flow area of the outer retina and choriocapillaris (CC) were measured using OCTA. The effects of other confounding factors including axial length, the spherical equivalent, and some systemic factors (blood pressure, height, weight, etc.) were also considered. RESULTS: As the severity of myopia increases, the CC flow area decreased (p=0.029). The superficial VD in the temporal, superior, nasal, and inferior regions was significantly lower in high myopia group compared to moderate and low myopia groups (all p<0.001). With increasing myopia, a significant reduction of deep VD was found in the superior region of the macula (p=0.007). In the fovea, there was no difference in the superficial or deep VD across groups (p=0.268 and p=0.413, respectively). Parafoveal retinal thickness was thinnest in the high myopia group and thickest in the mild myopia group (all p<0.05). The fovea was thickest in the high myopia group and thinnest in the mild myopia group (p=0.030). CONCLUSIONS: In young myopic people without pathological changes, superficial VD and retinal thickness decreased with myopia progression, except in the fovea. The CC flow area decreased with increasing myopia.


Assuntos
Miopia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Adulto , Angiografia/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Angiofluoresceinografia/métodos , Humanos , Densidade Microvascular , Miopia/patologia , Retina/diagnóstico por imagem , Retina/patologia , Vasos Retinianos/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Retinianos/patologia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos
6.
Opt Lett ; 47(17): 4544-4547, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048700

RESUMO

A large amount of lateral noise will be generated in blood flow imaging with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) due to the presence of muscle shaking, heartbeat, and respiration, resulting in the deterioration of images. In this paper, to the best of our knowledge, for the first time, the spatial frequency information of motion noise in the blood flow signal region is used to remove the motion noise and false connections in the blood flow signal region. The effectiveness of the proposed adaptive denoising algorithm is verified by the imaging of finger blood flow. It is found that OCTA with different projection methods has improved signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) after applying our algorithm. It is also found that the visual effect of the original blood flow image based on standard deviation projection is better, but mean projection is the most sensitive to the algorithm, and the average SNR and CNR are improved by 5.7 dB and 8.9 dB, respectively.


Assuntos
Angiografia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Algoritmos , Angiografia/métodos , Análise de Fourier , Razão Sinal-Ruído , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(35): e30332, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36107569

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the variability of pulmonary nodule (PN) volumetry on multiphase coronary CT angiograms (CCTA). Two radiologists reviewed 5973 CCTA scans in this cross-sectional study to detect incidental solid noncalcified PNs measuring between 5 and 8 mm. Each radiologist measured the nodules' diameters and volume, in systole and diastole, using 2 commercially available software packages to analyze PNs. Bland-Altman analysis was applied between different observers, software packages, and cardiac phases. Bland-Altman subanalysis for the systolic and diastolic datasets were also performed. A total of 195 PNs were detected within the inclusion criteria and measured in systole and diastole. Bland-Altman analysis was used to test the variability of volumetry between cardiac phases ([-47.0%; 52.3%]), software packages ([-50.2%; 68.2%]), and observers ([-14.5%; 27.8%]). The inter-observer variability of the systolic and diastolic subsets was [-13.6%; 31.4%] and [-13.9%; 19.7%], respectively. Using diastolic volume measurements, the variability of PN volumetry on CCTA scans is similar to the reported variability of volumetry on low-dose CT scans. Therefore, growth estimation of PNs on CCTA scans could be feasible.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Angiografia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
9.
Transl Vis Sci Technol ; 11(9): 8, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36112104

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to correct refractive error-associated bias in optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA) glaucoma diagnostic parameters. Methods: OCT and OCTA imaging were obtained from participants in the Hong Kong FAMILY cohort. The Avanti/AngioVue OCT/OCTA system was used to measure the peripapillary nerve fiber layer thickness (NFLT), peripapillary nerve fiber layer plexus capillary density (NFLP-CD), macular ganglion cell complex thickness (GCCT), and macular superficial vascular complex vascular density (SVC-VD). Healthy eyes, including ones with axial ametropia, were enrolled for analysis. Results: A total of 1346 eyes from 792 participants were divided into 4 subgroups: high myopia (<-6D), low myopia (-6D to -1D), emmetropia (-1D to 1D), and hyperopia (>1D). After accounting for age, sex, and signal strength, multivariable regression showed strong dependence in most models for NFLT, GCCT, and NFLP-CD on axial eye length (AL), spherical equivalent (SE) refraction, and apparent optic disc diameter (DD). Optical analysis indicated that AL-related transverse optical magnification variations predominated over anatomic variations and were responsible for these trends. Compared to the emmetropic group, the false positive rates were significantly (Chi-square test P < 0.003) elevated in both myopia groups for NFLT, NFLP-CD, and GCCT. Regression-based adjustment of these diagnostic parameters with AL or SE significantly (McNemar test P < 0.03) reduced the elevated false positive rates. Conclusions: Myopic eyes are biased to have lower NFLT, GCCT, and NFLP-CD measurements. AL- and SE-based adjustments were effective in mitigating this bias. Translational Relevance: Adoption of these adjustments into commercial OCT systems may reduce false positive rates related to refractive error.


Assuntos
Glaucoma , Miopia , Disco Óptico , Erros de Refração , Angiografia , Glaucoma/diagnóstico , Humanos , Miopia/diagnóstico por imagem , Disco Óptico/diagnóstico por imagem , Erros de Refração/diagnóstico , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(35): e30427, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36107595

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome, also known as Wilkie syndrome, is a rare benign disease characterized by small bowel obstruction due to compression of the third portion of the duodenum by the SMA and the abdominal aorta. However, SMA syndrome after colectomy is extremely rare, establishing a clear diagnosis and formulating a treatment plan may be challenging for surgeons. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 64-year-old male with multiple colon polyposis and constipation underwent laparoscopic subtotal colectomy with cecal-rectal anastomosis. On the seventh postoperative day, he started vomiting and complained of abdominal bloating. DIAGNOSIS: An upper gastrointestinal series, computed tomography scan and computed tomography angiography confirmed the diagnosis of SMA syndrome. INTERVENTIONS: Gastric decompression, nasojejunal tube feeding and parenteral nutrition were performed. OUTCOMES: After 3 weeks of conservative treatment, the patient showed no clinical improvement in symptoms. Subsequently, he suffered from gastrointestinal hemorrhage, deep venous thrombosis of the lower extremity and cerebral hemorrhage successively. Unfortunately, the patient eventually died. LESSONS: Surgeons should be aware of the fact that SMA syndrome can occur after colectomy. Every attempt should be made to correct and avoid any predisposing factors perioperatively. Prompt diagnosis of SMA syndrome after colectomy and appropriate early intervention reduce mortality.


Assuntos
Síndrome da Artéria Mesentérica Superior , Angiografia , Colectomia/efeitos adversos , Duodeno/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome da Artéria Mesentérica Superior/diagnóstico , Síndrome da Artéria Mesentérica Superior/etiologia , Síndrome da Artéria Mesentérica Superior/terapia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/efeitos adversos
11.
J Am Podiatr Med Assoc ; 112(2)2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36115037

RESUMO

Despite advancements in the treatment of diabetic patients with "at-risk" limbs, minor and major amputations remain commonplace. The diabetic population is especially prone to surgical complications from lower extremity amputation because of comorbidities such as renal disease, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, microvascular and macrovascular disease, and peripheral neuropathy. Complication occurrence may result in increases in hospital stay duration, unplanned readmission rate, mortality rate, number of operations, and incidence of infection. Skin flap necrosis and wound healing delay secondary to inadequate perfusion of soft tissues continues to result in significant morbidity, mortality, and cost to individuals and the health-care system. Intraoperative indocyanine green fluorescent angiography for the assessment of tissue perfusion may be used to assess tissue perfusion in this patient population to minimize complications associated with amputations. This technology provides real-time functional assessment of the macrovascular and microvascular systems in addition to arterial and venous flow to and from the flap soft tissues. This case study explores the use of indocyanine green fluorescent angiography for the treatment of a diabetic patient with a large dorsal and plantar soft-tissue deficit and need for transmetatarsal amputation with nontraditional rotational flap coverage. The authors theorize that the use of indocyanine green may decrease postoperative complications and cost to the health-care system through fewer readmissions and fewer procedures.


Assuntos
Verde de Indocianina , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Amputação/métodos , Angiografia/métodos , Corantes , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/irrigação sanguínea
12.
Balkan Med J ; 39(5): 366-373, 2022 09 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089832

RESUMO

Background: Pulmonary embolism is a clinical condition caused by the obstruction of the pulmonary artery and its branches with endogenous, exogenous embolism, or local thrombus formation. It is a rare but potentially life-threatening event in the pediatric population. Pediatric pulmonary embolism has many unknown characteristics. Aims: To evaluate clinical features, genetic and acquired risk factors, diagnostic imaging, and treatment strategies with long-term results in children with pulmonary embolism. Study Design: A retrospective multicenter clinical trial. Methods: Patients aged 0-18 years who were diagnosed with pulmonary embolism with computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) findings (intraluminal filling defect in the lobar or main pulmonary artery) in 3 university hospitals between 2006 and 2021 were included in the study. A form was created for data standardization, and variables were collected retrospectively through medical record review. In addition to the features given above, we also evaluated in situ pulmonary artery thrombosis (ISPAT) and patients' Wells scores. Follow-up CTPA results were evaluated for patient response to treatment. Complete recovery means that there were no lesions, incomplete recovery if there was still embolism, and no response if there was no change. Results: Twenty-four patients (female:13, male:11) were included in the study. The mean age was 13.5 years. All patients but one had at least one or more genetic or acquired risk factors. Factor V Leiden mutation (16.6%) was the most common genetic risk factor. Six of 16 patients with Doppler ultrasonography were diagnosed with ISPAT because there was no sign of thromboembolic thrombosis. Nine (41.6%) patients had a Wells score of >4 (pulmonary embolism clinically strong), and 15 (58.4%) patients scored <4 (pulmonary embolism clinically likely weak), indicating that an alternative diagnosis was more likely than pulmonary embolism (sensitivity %37.5). The mean follow-up period was 23 (±17) months. Complete and incomplete recovery was observed in 15 (62.5%) and 7 (29.1%) patients, respectively, among the patients who underwent follow-up evaluation. No response was obtained in 2 patients (8.3%) who died. Conclusion: The Wells scoring system seems insufficient to diagnose pulmonary embolism in children and should be improved by adding new parameters. ISPAT may be more common in children with congenital heart disease and systemic disease.


Assuntos
Embolia Pulmonar , Adolescente , Angiografia/métodos , Criança , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Turquia/epidemiologia
13.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15274, 2022 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088490

RESUMO

To investigated morphological variability of vertebral artery (VA) origin and its entrance level into cervical transverse foramina by computed tomography angiography (CTA). To retrospectively investigated CTA of 223 subjects (446 VA courses). Investigated were origin of the VA and its level of entrance into vertebral transverse foramen with notification of the sex and side of variation. The VA entered the C6 transverse process in 91.70% of specimens (409 out of 446 VA courses). Abnormal entrance of VA was observed in 8.30% of specimens (37 VA courses), with the level of entrance into the C3, C4, C5, or C7 transverse foramen at 0.22%, 2.47%, 4.71% and 0.90% respectively. Comparably, the overall variability of abnormal origin of VA was 1.57% (7 out of 466 VA courses), in which the left vertebral arteries all arose from aortic arch. The variation rate of vertebral entrance rose up to 50% in abnormal origin subgroup. When comparing subgroups of subjects with normal and abnormal origin, there was significance difference in the frequency of entrance variation in the level of transverse foramen (p < 0.001). Abnormal entrance and origin of VA were observed in 8.30% and 1.57% of VA courses, which can be accurately appeared by CTA. Regarding to the subgroups of abnormal origin, the frequency of entrance variation was significantly increased in the level of transverse foramen compared to that of normal origin.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Artéria Vertebral , Angiografia , Vértebras Cervicais , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Artéria Vertebral/anatomia & histologia , Artéria Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem
14.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2022: 1626-1629, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36085693

RESUMO

Accessing aortic remodeling status through regular follow-ups is essential for acute type A aortic dissection patients undergone surgical treatment. Aortic remodeling status was usually determined using diameter or area measurements of the true and false lumen in specific anatomical slices of medical images. However, these indicators only represent partial information about the aorta and can hardly characterize the overall aorta situation. In this study, we included two types of morphology features collected from computed tomography angiography images to predict the aortic remodeling. One type is the volumetric measurements of the true and false lumen, which provide a better overall description of the aorta, and the other type is the volumetric measurements of the thrombus in false lumen and the patent false lumen, which present more detailed information of the dissection. Through progressively incorporating these measurements into the construction of the remodeling prediction model, we investigated the importance of the features that describe the overall situation and that characterize aortic internal details in remodeling prediction, especially the effect of quantitative thrombosis features. The results showed that with the inclusion of the two types of volume features, the prediction accuracy of the model increased, which proves that volumetric measurements of aortic dissection, especially the volume of thrombus, are of significant value in aortic remodeling prediction, and should be paid more attention on in clinical practice and research areas. Clinical Relevance-Demonstrating the importance of volumetric measurements of true and false lumen thrombus in false lumen and patent false lumen in the prediction of aortic remodeling.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia , Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Humanos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(36): e30360, 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36086770

RESUMO

Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) presents with a variety of neurovascular symptoms, and its diagnosis cannot be established purely on the basis of clinical assessments. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) is currently the most useful investigative modality for patients with suspected vascular TOS. However, CTA facilities are limited, and CTA itself is an expensive and a resource-intensive technique associated with risks such as radiation exposure and contrast toxicity. Therefore, a screening test to identify the need for CTA may facilitate clinical management of patients with suspected TOS. Data for patients with suspected arterial TOS who underwent duplex ultrasound with arterial hemodynamic assessment (HDA) (pulse-volume recording and Doppler arterial pressure measurement) at King Saud University Medical City Vascular Lab between 2009 and 2018 were collected. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values (NPV), and area under the curve for duplex ultrasound and arm arterial HDA with CTA were reviewed. The data for 49 patients (mean age, 31 ± 14 years) were reviewed, of which 71% were female. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and NPV of duplex ultrasound were 86.7%, 49.3%, 26.5%, and 94.6%, respectively. For arm arterial HDA, these values were 73.3%, 78.9%, 42.3%, and 93.3%, respectively. The combination of arm arterial HDA with duplex ultrasound scores yielded sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and NPV of 93.3%, 42.3%, 25.5%, and 96.8%, respectively. The combination of duplex ultrasound with arm arterial HDA showed higher sensitivity and NPV than either test alone. The specificity of arm arterial HDA was significantly higher than that of the other measurements. When suspected, arterial TOS could be ruled out using duplex ultrasound and arm arterial HDA. These 2 investigations may help determine the need for CTA.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Síndrome do Desfiladeiro Torácico , Adolescente , Adulto , Angiografia/métodos , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Síndrome do Desfiladeiro Torácico/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Comput Assist Tomogr ; 46(5): 729-734, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36103677

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate chest computed tomography (CT) angiography image quality using the contrast enhancement (CE)-boost technique compared with conventional images. METHODS: Forty patients who underwent contrast-enhanced chest CT were included. Combined CT angiography images of the iodinated image obtained from the subtraction of nonenhanced CT images and CT angiography images were used to generate CE-boost images. Computed tomography attenuation, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) for the right and left pulmonary arteries as the central and subsegmental arteries as peripheral vessels were assessed. Subjective image quality was rated on a 5-point scale by 2 radiologists. Image quality was assessed using a paired t test. RESULTS: Computed tomography attenuation in the main pulmonary artery was significantly higher for the CE-boost images (311.05 ± 91.94) than for the conventional images (221.25 ± 61.21, P < 0.001). Similarly, the CE-boost images resulted in significantly higher CT attenuation in the subsegmental arteries (right, 305.34 ± 90.13; left, 313.05 ± 97.21) than in the conventional images (right, 218.45 ± 63.16; left, 223.89 ± 74.27). The CE-boost technique demonstrated marked improvement in the visualization of the peripheral pulmonary artery without the administration of a higher iodine delivery rate. The mean SNR and CNR were also significantly higher in the central and peripheral vessels in the CE-boost images than in the conventional images (P < 0.001). In the subjective analysis, the image contrast and vascular contrast edge were significantly higher for the CE-boost images than for conventional images (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The CE-boost technique increases not only the visualization of peripheral arteries by improving vascular attenuation but also the SNR and CNR.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Angiografia , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Razão Sinal-Ruído , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
17.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 947586, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36017325

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate capillaries perfusion and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness diurnal changes of macular/optic disc regions among participants with or without obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea (OSA) using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods: In this study, we enrolled a cohort of 35 participants including 14 patients with mild-to-moderate OSA, 12 patients with severe OSA, and 9 healthy individuals. All participants had Berlin questionnaire filled. At 20:00 and 6:30, right before and after the polysomnography examination, a comprehensive ocular examination was conducted. The systemic and ocular clinical characteristics were collected, and OCTA scans were performed repeatedly. Blood flow and RNFL thickness parameters were then exported using built-in software and analyzed accordingly. Results: After sleep, the overall vessel density (VD) variables, especially macular and choriocapillaris VDs, were relatively comparative and stable. One exception was the RPC vessel density at the inside-disc region with a decreasing trend in the mild-to-moderate group (p=0.023). RNFL changes before and after sleep in the nasal-inferior and peripapillary region were statistically significant (p=0.003; p=0.043) among three groups. And multiple testing correction verified the significant difference in diurnal changes between the mild-to-moderate group and the control group in pairwise comparisons (p=0.006; p=0.02). Conclusions: The changes of imperceptible blood flow and RNFL thickness overnight around optic disc areas could be observed in OSA patients. Despite physiological fluctuations, aberrant diurnal changes might be useful for identifying a decrease in micro-environmental stability associated with the development of various ocular diseases such as glaucoma. Other VD variables, especially macular and choriocapillaris VDs, are relatively stable in eyes of patients having OSA with different severity.


Assuntos
Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Angiografia , Humanos , Microcirculação , Fibras Nervosas , Células Ganglionares da Retina , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/diagnóstico , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos
18.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 14264, 2022 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35995924

RESUMO

Quantitative assessment of the right-to-left ratio of pulmonary blood flow distribution is important for determining the clinical indications for treating pulmonary arterial branch stenosis. A novel theory was recently proposed that can be used to quantitatively assess the right-to-left ratio on conventional X-ray angiography images. In the proposal, further developments were indicated, especially automated calculation. In this study, a new automated algorithm was developed. In the X-ray image, regions of interest were set in right and left lung, and time-signal intensity curves were measured. The new automated algorithm is applied to determine the optimal time window for the analysis of the time-signal intensity curve and to calculate the slope of the curve in the optimized time window. The right-to-left ratios in seven consecutive patients calculated by the new automated algorithm were compared to those calculated by lung perfusion scintigraphy. The ratios were in good agreement with linear regression with a slope of 1.27 and a Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.95. The processing time was less than 10 s, which is one-eighth of the manual processing time. The new automated algorithm is accurate, stable, and fast enough for clinical use in the real world.


Assuntos
Pneumopatias , Circulação Pulmonar , Algoritmos , Angiografia , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Raios X
19.
Rev Med Suisse ; 18(792): 1566-1569, 2022 Aug 24.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36004658

RESUMO

Hematuria is frequently encountered in clinical practice. Its diagnostic spectrum is wide: urinary tract infection, lithiasis, malignant tumor and nephropathy. In the absence of one of these causes, the nutcracker syndrome must be evoked. It results from compression of the left renal vein between the abdominal aorta and the superior mesenteric artery. Knowing how to diagnose it can avoid morbid consequences (chronic renal disease, renal vein thrombosis). In addition to hematuria, its main symptoms are left lumbago, varicoceles, and orthostatic proteinuria. The clinical picture and complementary examinations (ultrasound-doppler, computed tomography angiography, magnetic resonance angiography, and phlebography) generally allow the diagnosis to be made. Treatment varies according to age and severity of symptoms.


L'hématurie est fréquemment rencontrée en pratique clinique. Son spectre diagnostique est large : infection urinaire, lithiase, tumeur maligne et néphropathie. En l'absence de l'une de ces causes, le syndrome du casse-noisette doit être évoqué. Il résulte de la compression de la veine rénale gauche entre l'aorte abdominale et l'artère mésentérique supérieure. Savoir le diagnostiquer permet d'éviter des conséquences morbides (maladie rénale chronique, thrombose veineuse rénale). Outre l'hématurie, ses principaux symptômes sont la lombalgie gauche, les varicocèles et la protéinurie orthostatique. Le tableau clinique et les examens complémentaires (échographie-doppler, angioscanner, angio-IRM et phlébographie) permettent généralement de poser le diagnostic. Le traitement varie en fonction de l'âge et de la sévérité des symptômes.


Assuntos
Hematúria , Veias Renais , Angiografia/efeitos adversos , Hematúria/diagnóstico , Hematúria/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Flebografia/efeitos adversos , Flebografia/métodos , Veias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome
20.
Alzheimers Res Ther ; 14(1): 116, 2022 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36008844

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases in the aging population. Previous literature has reported thinning of the retinal nerve fiber layer, ganglion cell layer, inner plexiform layer, and photoreceptor layer in PD patients. However, very few studies have used swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) to study the choroid and choriocapillaris vascular changes in PD and their correlations with altered contrast sensitivity. METHODS: PD patients and controls were enrolled in the current study. We used a CSV-1000E instrument to assess contrast sensitivity and performed SS-OCT and SS-OCTA to measure outer retinal thickness, choroidal thickness, choriocapillaris flow density, choroidal vascular volume (CVV), and choroidal vascular index (CVI). RESULTS: One hundred eyes of 52 PD patients and 200 eyes of 100 healthy controls were recruited in the present study. Our study found remarkably impaired contrast sensitivity in PD patients (all P < 0.05). Significant thinning of the outer retinal layer and the choroid was appreciated in the PD group compared with the healthy controls (all P < 0.05). Choriocapillaris flow density, CVI, and CVV were significantly decreased in PD patients compared with healthy controls (all P < 0.05). Contrast sensitivity was weakly associated with outer retina thickness in the 3 mm circular area, with 3 cycles per degree being the most relevant (r = 0.535, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Our study indicates that there is a significant decrease in contrast sensitivity, outer retina thickness, choriocapillaris flow density, CVI, and CVV in PD patients. This research has also identified a positive correlation between outer retina thickness and contrast sensitivity.


Assuntos
Doença de Parkinson , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Idoso , Angiografia , Corioide/irrigação sanguínea , Corioide/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Doença de Parkinson/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos
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