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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32777327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health professionals are key personnel to containing infectious diseases like COVID-19. In the face of long work shifts (that reach 16 h per day on average), the risk of getting infected by a high-infectious disease and the lack of enough biological protection measures, mental suffering among health professionals suddenly became evident. METHOD: We carried out an updated meta-analysis to investigate the psychiatric impacts on health professionals in the face of the physical and psychological conditions to which they are subjected due to the high demands of the COVID-19 pandemic. Papers were researched in four databases from December 2019 to April 2020. In total, eight papers were included in the study. RESULTS: Health professionals working to fight COVID-19 are being more severely affected by psychiatric disorders associated with depression, anxiety, distress and insomnia, stress, and indirect traumatization than other occupational groups. No significant differences were observed in the publication bias. CONCLUSION: There is a strong association between health professionals and COVID-19 in terms of psychiatric repercussions. Our meta-analysis showed that health professionals have a higher level of indirect traumatization, in which the level of damage exceeds psychological and emotional tolerance and indirectly results in psychological abnormalities. The incidence of obsessive-compulsive traces and somatizations was higher in situations involving front-line professionals.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Doenças Profissionais/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Angústia Psicológica , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/etiologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia
2.
Arch Esp Urol ; 73(9): 826-836, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33144537

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigatel ongitudinal changes in sexual functions (SF), anxiety status, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) in male urolithiasis patients. METHODS: Between February 2015 and April 2017, 85 consecutive male patients with kidney or ureter stones and treated with SWL were included. Patients were evaluated for SF, anxiety status, and HRQoL with questionnaire forms before and at the third month after SWL. Correlation between baseline and third-month scores of International Index of Erectile Function-15 (IIEF-15) subdomains and anxiety was evaluated. Uni- and multivariable linear regression analyses were used to identify changes in IIEF-15 subdomain scores at three months. RESULTS: Mean age was 42.80 ± 9.42 years. Significantly decreased IIEF-15 subdomain scores, increased anxiety and Short Form-36 (SF-36) subdomain scores were achieved at three months (p<0.05, for each). The baseline median values of erectile function (IIEFEF), orgasmic function (IIEF-OF), sexual desire (IIEF-SD), intercourse satisfaction (IIEF-IS), and overall satisfaction (IIEF-OS) were 26, 9, 8, 12, and 8, respectively. The same scores were 26, 9, 6, 9, and 8 at month 3, respectively. According to multivariable analysis, the difference in Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) scores was an independent risk factor for both changing in IIEF-SD and IIEF-IS (b= -0.094, 95%CI: -0.179 - -0.009, p=0.030 and b= -0.197, 95%CI: -0.350 - -0.044, p=0.012, respectively). The difference in the State Anxiety (STAISA) scores was an independent risk factor for changing in IIEF-IS (b= -0.075, 95%CI: -0.146 - -0.004,p=0.039). CONCLUSIONS: SWL may lead to impaired SF related to treatment-driven anxiety and significantly improve HRQoL of male patients in short term.


Assuntos
Disfunção Erétil , Litotripsia , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , Humanos , Litotripsia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Intern Med ; 59(21): 2693-2699, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33132305

RESUMO

Objective Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is spreading around the world. The aim of this study was to assess the degree of anxiety, depression, resilience, and other psychiatric symptoms among healthcare workers in Japan during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods This survey involved medical healthcare workers at the Japanese Red Cross Medical Center (Tokyo, Japan) between April 22 and May 15, 2020. The degree of symptoms of anxiety, depression, and resilience was assessed using the Japanese versions of the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7), Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale. Furthermore, we added original questionnaires comprising three factors: (i) anxiety and fear of infection and death; (ii) isolation and unreasonable treatment; and (iii) motivation and escape behavior at work. Results In total, 848 healthcare workers participated in this survey: 104 doctors, 461 nurses, 184 other co-medical staff, and 99 office workers. Among all participants, 85 (10.0%) developed moderate-to-severe anxiety disorder, and 237 (27.9%) developed depression. Problems with anxiety and fear of infection and death, isolation and unreasonable treatment, and motivation and escape from work were higher in the depression group than in the non-depression group (total CES-D score ≥ 16 points). Being a nurse and high total GAD-7 scores were risk factors of depression. Older workers and those with higher resilience were less likely to develop depression than others. Conclusion During the COVID-19 epidemic, many healthcare workers suffered from psychiatric symptoms. Psychological support and interventions for protecting the mental health of them are needed.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Depressão/etiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia
4.
Cephalalgia ; 40(13): 1459-1473, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146039

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present Italian multicenter study aimed at investigating whether the course of primary headache disorders in children and adolescents was changed during the lockdown necessary to contain the COVID-19 emergency in Italy. METHODS: During the lockdown, we submitted an online questionnaire to patients already diagnosed with primary headache disorders. Questions explored the course of headache, daily habits, psychological factors related to COVID-19, general mood and school stress. Answers were transformed into data for statistical analysis. Through a bivariate analysis, the main variables affecting the subjective trend of headache, and intensity and frequency of the attacks were selected. The significant variables were then used for the multivariate analysis. RESULTS: We collected the answers of 707 patients. In the multivariate analysis, we found that reduction of school effort and anxiety was the main factor explaining the improvement in the subjective trend of headache and the intensity and frequency of the attacks (p < 0.001). The greater the severity of headache, the larger was the clinical improvement (p < 0.001). Disease duration was negatively associated with the improvement (p < 0.001). It is noteworthy that clinical improvement was independent of prophylaxis (p > 0.05), presence of chronic headache disorders (p > 0.05) and geographical area (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that lifestyle modification represents the main factor impacting the course of primary headache disorders in children and adolescents. In particular, reduction in school-related stress during the lockdown was the main factor explaining the general headache improvement in our population.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Cefaleia/epidemiologia , Cefaleia/psicologia , Estilo de Vida , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Adolescente , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova ; 120(9. Vyp. 2): 40-45, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076644

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an impact of perception of ones sexuality and autonomy on the level of insomnia in patients with neurotic/anxiety disorders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A sample included 123 (93 women and 30 men) patients with neurotic/anxiety disorders (F40, F41, F43, F45) in the age from 25 to 50 years old, anxiety was the main syndrome in the clinical structure of the disorder. Test battery included Pittsburgh Sleep Quality index for the subjective sleep quality evaluation, Insomnia Severity index for stratification of patients into groups with different insomnia level. Anxiety was evaluated with the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale. Personality traits, sexuality and sovereignty of psychological space were assessed with the G. Ammon Ego-structure test and the Sovereignty of the individual psychological space questionnaire. Multiple regression analysis was used to study the interrelationship between insomnia severity and psychological characteristics. Insomnia severity index was chosen as the dependent variable. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: An analysis of the regression model has shown the increase in insomnia index with the simultaneous augmentation of the following scales «Physical body sovereignty¼, «Sovereignty of objects¼, «Destructive aggression¼, «Deficient aggression¼, «Constructive narcissism¼, and decrease of the scales «Territory sovereignty¼, «Deficient narcissism¼, «Constructive sexuality¼. The study results imply the importance of the use of the level of sexual functioning and autonomy as the marker of identity maturity for psychotherapeutic targets in the treatment of neurotic/anxiety disorders. The use of anxiety and insomnia as the main complaints can be explained by its societal approval and need further active evaluation by the specialist for the successful psychotherapeutic treatment.


Assuntos
Transtornos Neuróticos , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Adulto , Ansiedade/etiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sexualidade
6.
Emergencias ; 32(5): 369-371, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006841
7.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 942020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056957

RESUMO

Between March and May 2020, the Spanish Ministry of Health and the Spanish Psychological Association created the Psychological First Care Service (Servicio de Primera Ayuda Psicológica-SPAP), a national helpline designed to provide early psychological intervention to those people affected by COVID-19. This service attended more than 15,000 calls and carried out more than 11,000 interventions and 9,500 follow-ups with the general population, healthcare and other essential professionals and the patients and relatives of the sick or deceased. Results show that the majority of calls (45.7%) came from the Autonomous Community of Madrid, that women significantly used this service in a higher proportion than men (73.5%) and that the commonest age range among users was 40-59. 75.9% of consultations were related to psychological problems linked to anxiety and depressive symptoms. However, grief symptoms also stood out among the patients or relatives of the sick and deceased and, to a lesser extent, stress symptoms were prevalent in the group of professionals. These data show the usefulness of this early psychological care service and the need for similar resources to be implemented in coordination with or within the National Health System.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Intervenção na Crise/métodos , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Telemedicina/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/terapia , Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Intervenção na Crise/organização & administração , Intervenção na Crise/estatística & dados numéricos , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/terapia , Feminino , Pesar , Humanos , Masculino , Serviços de Saúde Mental/organização & administração , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Prevalência , Espanha/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Telemedicina/organização & administração , Telemedicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Telefone , Adulto Jovem
8.
Cir Cir ; 88(5): 562-568, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064695

RESUMO

Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the state of anxiety, depression, and stress present in the society during the development of the 2019 coronavirus pandemic. Methods: Mixed methods study; a three-section questionnaire was developed which included sociodemographic, perceptions, emotions, and behaviors related to the 2019 coronavirus pandemic, and two emotional assessment psychometric tests. The proportions and confidence intervals of the variables were calculated and compared using the Chi-square test. Results: More than 40% of the subjects presented some degree of anxiety and 41.3% depression; the proportion of stress was < 30%. Of the subjects who experienced anxiety, 18.6% also had moderate-to-very severe depression or stress. Conclusion: There are emotional indicators derived from the 2019 coronavirus pandemic in almost half of the study population. The identification and timely treatment of these states could lessen the psychological impact due to 2019 coronavirus.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Depressão/etiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/etiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia , Transtorno Depressivo/etiologia , Emoções , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , México , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Psicometria , Assunção de Riscos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
9.
Rev Neurol ; 71(8): 285-291, 2020 10 16.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034366

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often experience changing routines as a major challenge. For that reason, the need for adaptation during COVID-19 pandemic may have brought major problems to families with children with this pathology. AIM: To explore how children with ASD and their parents experienced the social isolation during COVID-19 outbreak period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We conducted an observational, cross-sectional and analytical study. We applied an anonymous questionnaire that included children's demographic and clinical characteristics, along with the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak in different aspects of family's daily life. RESULTS: Out of 99 questionnaires obtained, 43 were related to children with ASD and 56 to control group. Children with ASD predominantly had changes in behavior, while children from control group mostly found no changes. The majority of parents of ASD children reported a negative impact in emotion management against those in control group reporting mostly positive or no impact. Caregivers reported higher mean scores of anxiety levels in themselves than in their children. ASD children and their parents had higher levels of anxiety than healthy ones. In the group with ASD, children that did not maintain routines had higher mean levels of anxiety than children that maintained routines. CONCLUSION: Our results show a potential important psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic not only in children with neurodevelopmental disorders but in their caregivers as well. Physicians must be prepared for the post-pandemic surveillance of mental disorders among families.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Ansiedade/etiologia , Cuidadores/psicologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Masculino , Pais/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Psicothema ; 32(4): 490-500, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073754

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has highlighted the importance of studying the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health. The aim of this study is to examine the role of age in the early psychological responses to the pandemic in a Spanish community sample, focusing on how different generations coped with it. METHOD: An online survey was conducted during the early stages of the quarantine. Sociodemographic, health and behavioral variables were compared for five age groups. Mental health was assessed by the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) and psychological impacts were assessed by the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R). RESULTS: 3,524 participants were included (Mage = 39.24, SDage = 12.00). Participants aged between 18 and 33 years old showed more hyperactivation and evitation, were more depressed, anxious and stressed. Those aged between 26 and 33 years old showed more intrusion. Those aged between 18 and 25 years old suffered more sleep disturbances, claustrophobia and somatization and maintained worse routines. Elderly people showed better psychological responses in general. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides initial evidence that the negative psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic hits young people harder. These results should be taken into account when developing specific evidence-based strategies.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade/etiologia , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/etiologia , Feminino , Hábitos , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Amostragem , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Espanha , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
11.
Ann Glob Health ; 86(1): 128, 2020 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33102148

RESUMO

Background: COVID-19 first appeared in China in December 2019, with a high rate of infectivity and morbidity, which brought tremendous psychological pressure to healthcare workers. Purpose: To understand the psychological health status of healthcare workers during the COVID-19 outbreak and decline, and to provide a theoretical reference for the future establishment of a psychological crisis intervention system. Methods: Healthcare workers were recruited using convenience sampling and snowball sampling methods, and the electronic version of the SCL-90 scale and a sociodemographic questionnaire were administered. In the pretest, a total of 5018 responses were collected; after six weeks, random sampling was performed. The SCL-90 and measures of other epidemic-related problems were administered, with 1570 responses received; then, the final data analysis was performed. Results: After six weeks, the post-test GSI score; SCL-90 total score; and PST, PSDI, O-C, I-S, DEP, ANX, PHOB, PAR, PSY, and HOS scores were significantly lower than the corresponding pretest scores (p < 0.05). The results by occupational category showed that the scores of nursing staff decreased significantly for 12 indexes and that the scores of the doctors and other hospital staff also significantly decreased. There was a significant difference between the pretest (50.78 ± 28.18) and post-test (45.00 ± 28.49) scores for the degree of worry about the epidemic. Healthcare workers believed that the top three aspects of life affected by the epidemic were economic problems (816 people), interpersonal communication problems (731 people), and mental health (728 people). Conclusion: Over the course of the epidemic, the item scores generally declined significantly. Therefore, during an outbreak period, attention should be paid to psychological crisis interventions for healthcare workers; problems caused by psychological pressure, and even other psychological conditions, can be significantly alleviated to reduce the probability of subsequent health problems.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Infecções por Coronavirus , Intervenção na Crise/métodos , Depressão , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Estresse Psicológico , Adulto , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/etiologia , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Ocupacional/classificação , Estresse Ocupacional/diagnóstico , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia
12.
J Glob Health ; 10(2): 020505, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33110588

RESUMO

Background: Epidemic outbreaks have significant impact on psychological well-being, increasing psychiatric morbidity among the population. We aimed to describe the early psychological impact of COVID-19 and its contributing factors in a large Spanish sample, globally and according to mental status (never mental disorder NMD, past mental disorder PMD, current mental disorder CMD). Methods: An online questionnaire was conducted between 19 and 26 March, five days after the official declaration of alarm and the lockdown order. Data included sociodemographic and clinical information and the DASS-21 and IES questionnaires. We analysed 21 207 responses using the appropriate descriptive and univariate tests as well as binary logistic regression to identify psychological risk and protective factors. Results: We found a statistically significant gradient in the psychological impact experienced in five domains according to mental status, with the NMD group being the least affected and the CMD group being the most affected. In the three groups, the depressive response was the most prevalent (NMD = 40.9%, PMD = 51.9%, CMD = 74.4%, F = 1011.459, P < 0.001). Risk factors were female sex and classification as a case in any psychological domain. Protective factors were younger age and ability to enjoy free time. Variables related to COVID-19 had almost no impact except for having COVID-19 symptoms, which was a risk factor for anxiety in all three groups. Conclusions: Our results can help develop coping strategies addressing modifiable risk and protective factors for each mental status for early implementation in future outbreaks.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ansiedade/etiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Prevalência , Espanha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0240876, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33108374

RESUMO

Many different countries have been under lockdown or extreme social distancing measures to control the spread of COVID-19. The potentially far-reaching side effects of these measures have not yet been fully understood. In this study we analyse the results of a multi-country survey conducted in Italy (N = 3,504), Spain (N = 3,524) and the United Kingdom (N = 3,523), with two separate analyses. In the first analysis, we examine the elicitation of citizens' concerns over the downplaying of the economic consequences of the lockdown during the COVID-19 pandemic. We control for Social Desirability Bias through a list experiment included in the survey. In the second analysis, we examine the data from the same survey to predict the level of stress, anxiety and depression associated with being economically vulnerable and having been affected by a negative economic shock. To accomplish this, we have used a prediction algorithm based on machine learning techniques. To quantify the size of this affected population, we compare its magnitude with the number of people affected by COVID-19 using measures of susceptibility, vulnerability and behavioural change collected in the same questionnaire. We find that the concern for the economy and for "the way out" of the lockdown is diffuse and there is evidence of minor underreporting. Additionally, we estimate that around 42.8% of the populations in the three countries are at high risk of stress, anxiety, and depression, based on their level of economic vulnerability and their exposure to a negative economic shock.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/economia , Recessão Econômica , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Pandemias/economia , Pneumonia Viral/economia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/economia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/economia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Análise de Componente Principal , Quarentena/economia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
JAMA Netw Open ; 3(10): e2025591, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33095252

RESUMO

Importance: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and quarantine measures have raised concerns regarding their psychological effects on populations. Among the general population, university students appear to be particularly susceptible to experiencing mental health problems. Objectives: To measure the prevalence of self-reported mental health symptoms, to identify associated factors, and to assess care seeking among university students who experienced the COVID-19 quarantine in France. Design, Setting, and Participants: This survey study collected data from April 17 to May 4, 2020, from 69 054 students living in France during the COVID-19 quarantine. All French universities were asked to send an email to their students asking them to complete an online questionnaire. The targeted population was approximately 1 600 000 students. Exposure: Living in France during the COVID-19 quarantine. Main Outcomes and Measures: The rates of self-reported suicidal thoughts, severe distress, stress, anxiety, and depression were assessed using the 22-item Impact of Events Scale-Revised, the 10-item Perceived Stress Scale, the 20-item State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (State subscale), and the 13-item Beck Depression Inventory, respectively. Covariates were sociodemographic characteristics, precariousness indicators (ie, loss of income or poor quality housing), health-related data, information on the social environment, and media consumption. Data pertaining to care seeking were also collected. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to identify risk factors. Results: A total of 69 054 students completed the survey (response rate, 4.3%). The median (interquartile range) age was 20 (18-22) years. The sample was mainly composed of women (50 251 [72.8%]) and first-year students (32 424 [47.0%]). The prevalence of suicidal thoughts, severe distress, high level of perceived stress, severe depression, and high level of anxiety were 11.4% (7891 students), 22.4% (15 463 students), 24.7% (17 093 students), 16.1% (11 133 students), and 27.5% (18 970 students), respectively, with 29 564 students (42.8%) reporting at least 1 outcome, among whom 3675 (12.4%) reported seeing a health professional. Among risk factors identified, reporting at least 1 mental health outcome was associated with female gender (odds ratio [OR], 2.10; 95% CI, 2.02-2.19; P < .001) or nonbinary gender (OR, 3.57; 95% CI, 2.99-4.27; P < .001), precariousness (loss of income: OR, 1.28; 95% CI, 1.22-1.33; P < .001; low-quality housing: OR, 2.30; 95% CI, 2.06-2.57; P < .001), history of psychiatric follow-up (OR, 3.28; 95% CI, 3.09-3.48; P < .001), symptoms compatible with COVID-19 (OR, 1.55; 95% CI, 1.49-1.61; P < .001), social isolation (weak sense of integration: OR, 3.63; 95% CI, 3.35-3.92; P < .001; low quality of social relations: OR, 2.62; 95% CI, 2.49-2.75; P < .001), and low quality of the information received (OR, 1.56; 95% CI, 1.49-1.64; P < .001). Conclusions and Relevance: The results of this survey study suggest a high prevalence of mental health issues among students who experienced quarantine, underlining the need to reinforce prevention, surveillance, and access to care.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Ideação Suicida , Universidades , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/etiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia , Transtorno Depressivo/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Razão de Chances , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Prevalência , Quarentena , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
15.
Chem Biol Interact ; 331: 109278, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038329

RESUMO

Only in the last decade the long-term consequences of sepsis started to be studied and even less attention has been given to the treatment of psychological symptoms of sepsis survivors. It is estimated that 60% of sepsis survivors have psychological disturbances, including depression, anxiety, and cognitive impairment. Although the causative factors remain largely poorly understood, blood-brain barrier (BBB) disturbances, neuroinflammation, and oxidative stress have been investigated. Therefore, we sought to explore if the immunomodulatory and antioxidant selenocompound 3-[(4-chlorophenyl)selanyl]-1-methyl-1H-indole (CMI) would be able to ameliorate long-term behavioral and biochemical alterations in sepsis survivors male Swiss mice. CMI treatment (1 mg/kg, given orally for seven consecutive days) attenuated depression- and anxiogenic-like behaviors and cognitive impairment present one month after the induction of sepsis (lipopolysaccharide, 5 mg/kg intraperitoneally). Meantime, CMI treatment modulated the number of neutrophils and levels of reactive species in neutrophils, lymphocytes, and monocytes. In addition, peripheral markers of liver and kidneys dysfunction (AST, ALT, urea, and creatinine) were reduced after CMI treatment in post-septic mice. Notably, CMI treatment to non-septic mice did not alter AST, ALT, urea, and creatinine levels, indicating the absence of acute hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity following CMI treatment. Noteworthy, CMI ameliorated BBB dysfunction induced by sepsis, modulating the expression of inflammation-associated genes (NFκB, IL-1ß, TNF-α, IDO, COX-2, iNOS, and BDNF) and markers of oxidative stress (reactive species, nitric oxide, and lipid peroxidation levels) in the prefrontal cortices and hippocampi of mice. In conclusion, we unraveled crucial molecular pathways that are impaired in post-septic mice and we present CMI as a promising therapeutic candidate aimed to manage the long-lasting behavioral alterations of sepsis survivors to improve their quality of life.


Assuntos
Comportamento Animal , Indóis/química , Estresse Oxidativo , Sepse/patologia , Animais , Ansiedade/tratamento farmacológico , Ansiedade/etiologia , Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Barreira Hematoencefálica/efeitos dos fármacos , Barreira Hematoencefálica/metabolismo , Disfunção Cognitiva/tratamento farmacológico , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/genética , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Indóis/farmacologia , Indóis/uso terapêutico , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Locomoção/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos , Neutrófilos/citologia , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Sepse/complicações
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33126583

RESUMO

In March 2020, strict measures took place in Finland to limit the COVID-19 pandemic. Majority of Finnish COVID-19 patients have been located in southern Finland and consequently cared for at the Hospital District of Helsinki and Uusimaa (HUS) Helsinki University Hospital. During the pandemic, HUS personnel's psychological symptoms are followed via an electronic survey, which also delivers information on psychosocial support services. In June 2020, the baseline survey was sent to 25,494 HUS employees, 4804 (19%) of whom answered; altogether, 62.4% of the respondents were nursing staff and 8.9% were medical doctors. While the follow-up continues for a year and a half, this report shares the sociodemographic characteristics of the respondents and the first results of psychological symptoms from our baseline survey. Out of those who were directly involved in the pandemic patient care, 43.4% reported potentially traumatic COVID-19 pandemic-related events (PTEs) vs. 21.8% among the others (p < 0.001). While over a half of the personnel were asymptomatic, a group of respondents reported PTEs and concurrent depression, insomnia, and anxiety symptoms. This highlights the need to ensure appropriate psychosocial support services to all traumatized personnel; especially, nursing staff may require attention.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Corpo Clínico Hospitalar/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Depressão/etiologia , Feminino , Finlândia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Estudos Prospectivos , Apoio Social , Incerteza , Carga de Trabalho
17.
Work ; 67(2): 269-279, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a vulnerable period of growth and enrichment along with many physiological and psychological challenges. These changes can lead to complications if compounded by external stress and anxiety. COVID-19 has emerged as a chief stressor among the general population and is a serious threat among vulnerable populations. Therefore, there is a need for stress management tools, such as Yoga and physical exercises, both at home and at work. These can be adopted during the pandemic with proper maintenance of social distancing. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compile literature that has reported the health outcomes of Yoga intervention on pregnancy at the workplace and analyzes both the restrictions as well as advantages of its beneficial effects in comparison to physical exercises. METHODOLOGY: A comprehensive literature review was conducted utilizing PubMed and Google Scholar. The keywords used for the search include "Yoga", "work", "complications", "physical exercise", "drugs" and "COVID" indifferent permutations and combinations with "pregnancy". We compiled the literature with respect to pregnancy complications and the effects of drugs, physical activity and Yoga for preventing these complications. RESULTS: We noted that pregnancy-related complications are becoming more prevalent because of a sedentary lifestyle, restricted physical activity and growing stress. In such situations, a home or workplace Yoga protocol can combine both exercise and mindfulness-based alleviation of anxiety for both working and non-working women. CONCLUSION: Yoga can be effective for combating stress and anxiety besides boosting immunity in pregnant working women confronted with the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/psicologia , Ioga/psicologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Atenção Plena , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Gravidez , Comportamento Sedentário , Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle
18.
BMJ Open ; 10(10): e040910, 2020 10 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33033099

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate psychological and behavioural responses to COVID-19 among the Chinese general population. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted a population-based mobile phone survey between 1 February and 10 February 2020 via random digit dialling. A total of 1011 adult residents in Wuhan (n=510), the epicentre and quarantined city, and Shanghai (n=501) were interviewed. Proportional quota sampling and poststratification weighting were used. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to investigate perception factors associated with the public responses. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: We measured anxiety levels using the 7-item Generalised Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7) and asked respondents to report their precautionary behaviours before and during the outbreak. RESULTS: The prevalence of moderate or severe anxiety was significantly higher (p<0.001) in Wuhan (32.8%) than Shanghai (20.5%). Around 79.6%-88.2% residents reported always wearing a face mask when they went out and washing hands immediately when they returned home, with no discernible difference across cities. Only 35.5%-37.0% of residents reported a handwashing duration above 40 s as recommended by the WHO. The strongest predictor of moderate or severe anxiety was perceived harm of the disease (OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.5 to 2.1), followed by confusion about information reliability (OR 1.7, 95% CI 1.5 to 1.9). None of the examined perception factors were associated with odds of handwashing duration above 40 s. CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of moderate or severe anxiety and strict personal precautionary behaviours was generally high, regardless of the quarantine status. Our results support efforts for handwashing education programmes with a focus on hygiene procedures in China and timely dissemination of reliable information.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus , Surtos de Doenças , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Higiene das Mãos , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
19.
BMJ Open ; 10(10): e042030, 2020 10 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040019

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess and compare demographic and psychological factors and sleep status of frontline healthcare workers (HCWs) in relation to non-frontline HCWs. DESIGN, SETTINGS, PARTICIPANTS AND OUTCOMES: This cross-sectional study was conducted from 8 April 2020 to 17 April 2020 using an online survey across varied healthcare settings in Oman accruing 1139 HCWs.The primary and secondary outcomes were mental health status and sociodemographic data, respectively. Mental health status was assessed using the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21), and insomnia was evaluated by the Insomnia Severity Index. Samples were categorised into the frontline and non-frontline groups. χ2 and t-tests were used to compare groups by demographic data. The Mantel-Haenszel OR was used to compare groups by mental health outcomes adjusted by all sociodemographic factors. RESULTS: This study included 1139 HCWs working in Oman. While working during the pandemic period, a total of 368 (32.3%), 388 (34.1%), 271 (23.8%) and 211 (18.5%) respondents were reported to have depression, anxiety, stress and insomnia, respectively. HCWs in the frontline group were 1.5 times more likely to report anxiety (OR=1.557, p=0.004), stress (OR=1.506, p=0.016) and insomnia (OR=1.586, p=0.013) as compared with those in the non-frontline group. No significant differences in depression status were found between the frontline and non-frontline groups (p=0.201). CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the first study to explore the differential impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on different grades of HCWs. This study suggests that frontline HCWs are disproportionally affected compared to non-frontline HCWs, with managing sleep-wake cycles and anxiety symptoms being highly endorsed among frontline HCWs. As psychosocial interventions are likely to be constrained owing to the pandemic, mental healthcare must first be directed to frontline HCWs.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus , Depressão/etiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/etiologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/etiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Razão de Chances , Omã , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Sono , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e926602, 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32966271

RESUMO

BACKGROUND This study aimed to use online questionnaires to evaluate the factors associated with anxiety and depression in Chinese visiting scholars in the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic. MATERIAL AND METHODS Using a cross-sectional design, 311 Chinese scholars visiting 41 states in the United States were interviewed on 20 and 21 April 2020 through WeChat using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) questionnaire. RESULTS Of these 311 visiting scholars, 69 (22.2%) reported no symptoms of anxiety or depression, whereas 63 (20.3%) reported severe anxiety and 67 (21.5%) reported severe depression. Risk of anxiety was 93% higher in visiting scholars with than without accompanying parents in the US (odds ratio [OR], 1.93; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01-3.68) and was 1.72-fold (95% CI, 1.04-2.84) higher in those experiencing stress about family members with COVID-19. Stresses about personal security and return to China on schedule were associated with 1.73-fold (95% CI, 1.03-2.92) and 3.00-fold (95% CI, 1.51-5.95) higher risks of anxiety, respectively. Risks of depression were 1.86-fold (95% CI, 1.14-3.05), 1.84-fold (95% CI, 1.10-3.07), and 3.45-fold (95% CI, 1.72-6.92) higher in visiting Chinese scholars who were than were not experiencing stresses about financial support, personal security and return to China on schedule, respectively. CONCLUSIONS Chinese scholars visiting the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic experienced severe psychological distress. Surveys that include larger numbers of visiting scholars are warranted.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Depressão/etiologia , Intercâmbio Educacional Internacional , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/etnologia , China/etnologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/etnologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Casamento , Pais , Testes Psicológicos , Risco , Estresse Psicológico/etnologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
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