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1.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 91(3): e20180462, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553365

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro antiproliferative and inhibition of oxidative DNA-damage activities of n-butanol (n-BuOH) extract of Centaurea sphaerocephala. The in vitro antioxidant activity of the ethyl acetate (EtOAc) and the n-BuOH extracts of this plant were also assayed. To investigate the antioxidant potential, extracts were tested for their capacity to scavenge 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH·) and to inhibit lipid peroxidation using the TBARs method. The contents of total phenolics and flavonoids were measured. Additionally, antiproliferative activity and DNA-damage inhibition of the n-BuOH extract was determined using XCELLigence RTCA instrument and photolyzing 46966 plasmid, respectively. The results exhibited that the scavenging abilities of the EtOAc extract were better than the n-BuOH extract with an IC50= 11.59 µg/mL and 16.67 µg/mL for both extracts, respectively. The phenolic and flavonoid contents were found higher in the n-BuOH and EtOAc extracts. Furthermore, our results showed that n-BuOH extract exhibited a remarkable inhibition of lipid peroxidation with an IC50 of 340.94±7.49 µg/mL and had an antiproliferative effect against Hela cells. Extracts of C. sphaerocephala showed antioxidant activity on scavenging DPPH·. In addition, the n-BuOH extract inhibited the lipid peroxidation and exhibited an antiproliferative effect against HeLa cells line (human cervix carcinoma).


Assuntos
1-Butanol/farmacologia , Acetatos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Centaurea/química , Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , 1-Butanol/isolamento & purificação , Acetatos/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas
2.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 91(3): e20180140, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508662

RESUMO

Ackee (Blighia sapida K. D. Koenig) is an exotic fruit widely consumed in the Caribbean countries. While there is extensive research on the presence of hypoglycin A, other bioactive compounds have not been studied. We identified and quantified the changes in bioactive molecules (total phenol, ascorbic acid, hypoglycin A, squalene, D: A-Friedooleanan-7-ol, (7.alpha.), and oleic acid), antioxidant potential, and volatile compounds during two stages of ripe. A clear reduction in hypoglycin A, ascorbic acid, and total polyphenols during the maturation process were observed. On the contrary, oleic acid, squalene, and D: A-Friedooleanan-7-ol, (7.alpha.) contents increased about 12, 12, and 13 times, respectively with advancing maturity. These bioactive molecules were positively correlated with radical scavenging (DDPH and ABTS). Solid phase microextraction (SPME) and gas chromatography coupled mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis revealed more than 50 compounds with 3-penten-2-one and hexanal as the major compounds in the fully ripe stage. The results suggested that ripe ackee arilli could serve as an appreciable source of natural bioactive micro-constituents.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Blighia/química , Frutas/química , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Hipoglicinas/química , Polifenóis/química , Esqualeno/química
3.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 91(3): e20181330, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508665

RESUMO

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is the result of the selective destruction of the pancreatic ß-cells by T cells of the immune system. Although spleen is a secondary lymphoid organ, it is also involved in the T1D pathogenesis. However, the alterations in a variety of cellular processes of this disease need to be further understood. We aimed to analyze the benefits of resveratrol, and its complexed form on diabetic complications in the spleen of rats. To this end, we investigated important enzymes of phosphoryl transfer network, and Na+, K+-ATPase activity. Wistar rats were divided into non-diabetic groups: Control, Ethanol, Resveratrol, Hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin, Resveratrol-hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin, and diabetic groups with the same treatments. Diabetes was induced by a single dose of 60 mg/kg of streptozocin intraperitoneally, and treatments by intragastric gavage once daily for 60 days. Hyperglycemia reduced creatine kinase activity, which was reversed by the administration of resveratrol. Na+, K+-ATPase activity was greatly affected, but it was reversed by resveratrol and resveratrol-hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin. This suggest an energetic imbalance in the spleen of diabetic rats, and in case this also occurs in the diabetic patients, it is possible that resveratrol supplementation could be beneficial to the better functioning of the spleen in diabetic patients.


Assuntos
2-Hidroxipropil-beta-Ciclodextrina/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Resveratrol/farmacologia , ATPase Trocadora de Sódio-Potássio/metabolismo , Baço/metabolismo , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Glicemia/análise , Peso Corporal , Creatina Quinase/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Metabolismo Energético/efeitos dos fármacos , Hiperglicemia/metabolismo , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Estreptozocina
4.
Acta Cir Bras ; 34(7): e201900706, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531540

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the protective roles of pyracantha fortune fruit extract (PFE) on acute renal toxicity induced by cadmium chloride (CdCl2) in rats. METHODS: Rats were pretreated with PFE and consecutively injected with CdCl2 (6.5 mg/kg) for 5 days. RESULTS: The concentration of Cd, kidney weight, malondialdehyde (MDA), and nitric oxide (NO) production were remarkably increased in CdCl2 group as well as the levels of plasma uric acid, urea, and creatinine (P < 0.001). However, the body weight and glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione peroxidase (GR) levels were markedly reduced by CdCl2 treatment (P < 0.001). Histological manifestations of renal tissue showed severely adverse changes. Moreover, CdCl2 treatment significantly decreased the B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) expression while increased the Bcl-2-Associated X Protein (Bax), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) expression (P < 0.001). Additionally, the expression of Nrf2/Keap 1 related proteins Keap-1 gained a significant increase (P < 0.001), whereas the Nrf2, HO-1, γ-GCS, GSH-Px and NQO1 expression decreased by CdCl2 treatment (P < 0.05). These rats were pretreated with PFE to improve the changes caused by CdCl2 treatment. CONCLUSION: PFE could protect the kidney against acute renal toxicity induced by CdCl2.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Cloreto de Cádmio/toxicidade , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/prevenção & controle , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Pyracantha/química , Animais , Catalase/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Frutas/química , Glutationa/metabolismo , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
5.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 4741-4754, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31456635

RESUMO

Background: Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.(Ib) has high content of various beneficial nutrients which helps in improving and maintaining human health. It is well known as a functional food and also a valuable source of unique natural products. It contains various phenolic and flavonoid bioactive compounds. Methods: In this study, using the outer peel of two varieties of Ib : Korean red skin sweet potato and Korean pumpkin sweet potato, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized (termed Ib1-AgNps and Ib2-AgNps), respectively. Characterization of Ib1-AgNPs and Ib2-AgNPs was carried out through scanning electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, X-ray powder diffraction and UV-Vis spectroscopy. Further, the bio-potential of the synthesized AgNPs was investigated by antidiabetic (α-glucosidase assay), antioxidant (free radical scavenging assays), antibacterial (disc diffusion method) and cytotoxicity assays (cell viability against HepG2 cells). Results: FT-IR spectroscopy revealed the contribution of bioactive compounds existing in Ib1 and Ib2 extracts, in the biosynthesis and equilibrium of the AgNPs. Although the Ib2-AgNPs had a higher atomic percentage of Ag in comparison with Ib1-AgNPs, in the antidiabetic assay, the inhibition percentage of α-glucosidase was higher for AgNPs of Ib1 than Ib2, at all three concentrations examined. From the cytotoxicity results, HepG2 cancer cells were more sensitive to the Ib1-AgNPs in comparison to the Ib2-AgNPs-treated HepG2 cells. The antioxidant prospective was higher in Ib2-AgNPs than Ib1-AgNPs. Moreover, the Ib2-AgNPs showed inhibitory action against all five tested pathogenic bacteria, producing an inhibition zone of 8.74-11.52 mm while Ib1-AgNPs had an inhibitory effect on four of them, with an 8.67-11.23 (mm) inhibition zone. Conclusions: Overall, the results concluded that the Ib2-AgNPs exhibited relatively higher functional activity than Ib1-AgNPs, which might be credited to the greater abundance of bioactive compounds existing in Ib2 extract that acted as reducing as well as capping agents in the synthesis of Ib2-AgNPs. Overall, the current study highlights a novel cost-effective and eco-friendly AgNPs synthesis using food waste peels with biocompatibility and could be potentially utilized in biomedical and pharmaceutical industries.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Ipomoea batatas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Prata/farmacologia , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Difração de Raios X , alfa-Glucosidases/metabolismo
6.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 158: 185-200, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378356

RESUMO

The present work describes the antimicrobial action of 25 monoterpenes (six hydrocarbons, five ketones, two aldehydes, six alcohols and six acetate analogues) against Gram-negative Escherichia coli and Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus and antifungal activity against Aspergillus flavus. The antibacterial activity was evaluated by broth microdilution technique as a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and the antifungal activity was performed by mycelia radial growth technique as the effective concentration causing 50% inhibition of the mycelial growth (EC50). The results showed that thymol and α-terpineol were the most potent against E. coli (MIC = 45 and 55 mg/L, respectively) and S. aureus (MIC = 135 and 225 mg/L, respectively). The results also showed that thymol displayed the maximum antifungal action against A. flavus with EC50 20 mg/L. Furthermore, the antioxidant activity was determined using N,N-dimethyl-1,4-phenylenediamine (DMPD) and the results showed that geraniol were the most potent compound (IC50 = 19 mg/L). Molecular docking studies indicated that the compounds displayed different binding interactions with the amino acid residues at the catalytic sites of N5-carboxyaminoimidazole synthetase and oxysterol binding protein Osh4 enzymes. Non-covalent interactions including van der Waals, hydrogen bonding as well as hydrophobic were observed between the compounds and the enzymes. A significant relationship was found between the docking score and the biological activity of the tested monoterpenes compared to the ceftriaxone and carbendazim as standard bactericide and fungicide, respectively. In silico ADMET properties were also performed and displayed potential for the development of promising antimicrobial agents. For these reasons, these compounds may be considered as potential ecofriendly alternatives in food preservation to delay or prevent the microbial infection and prolong the shelf life of food products.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Monoterpenos/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Cicloexenos/química , Cicloexenos/farmacologia , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Hidrocarbonetos/química , Hidrocarbonetos/farmacologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Monoterpenos/química , Monoterpenos/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos
7.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4043-4053, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366486

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the most aggressive subtype, predominant in African American women. In this study, the antioxidant/anticancer activity of muscadine grape extracts and the role of their phenolic and flavonoid contents in exerting these properties were investigated in TNBC cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Berry extracts from muscadine genotypes were investigated for total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), antioxidant capacity, and anticancer effects using breast cancer cell lines, representing Caucasians and African Americans. RESULTS: The antioxidant activity was associated with high TPC content. Extracts showed cytotoxicity up to 78.6% in Caucasians and 90.7% in African American cells, with an association with high antioxidant capacity. There was a strong correlation between TPC and anticancer/antioxidant activities. CONCLUSION: The anticancer and antioxidant effects of muscadine grapes are attributed to the TPC of extracts, which showed a stronger positive correlation with growth inhibition of African American breast cancer cells compared to Caucasians.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Vitis/química , Afro-Americanos/genética , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Feminino , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Frutas/química , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Fenóis/química , Fenóis/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia
8.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 91(3): e20180404, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365649

RESUMO

In this study, the antimicrobial, antioxidant and antitumor activity of ethanol extracts obtained from Phlomis russeliana (Sims.) Lag. ex Benth. (Lamiaceae) were evaluated. Disc diffusion and microdilution methods were used to test the extracts for antimicrobial activity against seven bacteria strains (Bacillus cereus ATCC 7064, Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538P, Escherichia coli ATCC 10538, Proteus vulgaris ATCC 6899, Salmonella typhimurium CCM 5445 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853) and four yeast strains (Kluyveromyces fragilis ATCC 8608, Rhodotorula rubra ATCC 70403, Debaryomyces hansenii DSM 70238 and Candida albicans ATCC 10239). Notably, they were more effective against the yeast strains than the bacterial strains. Of the yeast cultures, D. hanseii was among the most susceptible, having an inhibition zone of 16.2 mm with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and minimum fungicidal concentrations (MFCs) of 64(128)µg/ml, respectively. For cytotoxic determination, Caco-2 cells were cultured as per ATCC protocol, and were treated with log concentrations (5-80 mg/ml) of P. russeliana. The potency of cell growth inhibition for each extract was expressed as an IC50 value. Moreover, oxidant capacity was evaluated via TOC assay. This product induced antiproliferative activity of 31.33% at 40 mg/ml and 20.96% at 80 mg/ml, without toxic effects on cells, although the oxidant capacity was decreased to 27.06 ± 0.7 nm in the 80 mg/ml-applied group compared to 47.9 ± 1.8 nm in the untreated one. Advanced pharmacological studies are needed to further evaluate P. russeliana for distinctive features.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Phlomis/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Células CACO-2 , Testes de Sensibilidade a Antimicrobianos por Disco-Difusão , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/classificação , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/classificação , Humanos , Turquia
9.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1155: 185-196, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468397

RESUMO

In the present study, we evaluated the antioxidant and anti-stress activities of taurine in electric foot-shock stress model rats. Taurine supplementation markedly increased the hepatic glutathione (GSH) levels, compared to the levels in the stress group. In addition, activities of antioxidant enzymes such as catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) were improved in the taurine-treated group. Plasma cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEA-S) levels were significantly reduced in the taurine-supplemented group compared to those in the stress group. In contrast, the levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) were markedly increased in the taurine or betaine-treated group compared to those in the stress group. It may be concluded that taurine produces beneficial effects in the form of antioxidant status and biochemical alterations in foot-shock-induced acute stress in rats.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Fisiológico , Taurina/farmacologia , Animais , Catalase/metabolismo , Sulfato de Desidroepiandrosterona/sangue , Estimulação Elétrica , Glutationa/metabolismo , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Glutationa Transferase/metabolismo , Hidrocortisona/sangue , Ácido Hidroxi-Indolacético/sangue , Fígado/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Serotonina/sangue
10.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1155: 463-470, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468423

RESUMO

We previously reported that taurine treatment inhibited arsenic (As)-induced apoptosis in the liver of mice. This study was designed to explore the effect of taurine on liver function and its underlying mechanism in As-exposed mice. Mice were randomly divided into 3 groups, ten mice in each group. Group 1, control group, only orally received drinking water alone. Group 2, As intoxication group, was exposed to 4 mg/L As2O3 via drinking water for 60 days. Group 3, taurine protection group, was treated with 4 mg/L As2O3 and 150 mg/kg both. Taurine administration significantly revered the increases of alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) activities in serum. The decrease of glutathione (GSH) was inhibited with taurine treatment in the liver of As-exposed mice. At the same time, taurine significantly inhihibited As-induced enhancement of malondialdehyde (MDA) in the liver. Here we show that taurine protective effect on liver function in As-exposed mice maybe involve lipid peroxidation.


Assuntos
Arsênico/toxicidade , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Estresse Oxidativo , Taurina/farmacologia , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Suplementos Nutricionais , Glutationa/análise , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Malondialdeído/análise , Camundongos , Distribuição Aleatória
11.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1155: 611-626, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468435

RESUMO

In this study, the antioxidant properties of Viviparus contectus (V. contectus) extract were evaluated for various radical scavenging activities, ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), ABTS radical scavenging activity and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC). In addition, inhibition effect of the V. contectus extract against DNA scission induced by hydroxyl radical was measured. We also studied the protective effect of V. contectus extract against oxidative damage through measurements of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) in Chang cells and zebrafish embryo. We found that V. contectus extract contains strong radical scavenging activities and antioxidant properties, which prevent tert-butylhydroperoxide (t-BHP)-induced oxidative stress, enhance cell viability, reduce ROS production, inhibit oxidative damage and improve mitochondrial function in Chang cells. Also, we determined that the V. contectus extract reduced ROS production mediated by t-BHP induced oxidative stress on zebrafish embryo.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Extratos Celulares/farmacologia , Gastrópodes/química , Estresse Oxidativo , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Embrião não Mamífero , Humanos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra , terc-Butil Hidroperóxido
12.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1155: 627-641, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468436

RESUMO

Atrina pectinata (A. pectinata), called pen shell, is an edible shellfish that adheres to the seabed pointed downward and has a triangular shell reaching about 40 cm in length.In this study, we examined the antioxidant effect of an A. pectinata extract exhibiting various radical scavenging activities. These scavenging activities were evaluated using electron spin resonance. Anti-oxidant activities were also determined using the ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and the ABTS radical scavenging assays. Lipid peroxidation inhibitory activity was confirmed using ferric thiocyanate and thiobarbituric acid assays. Furthermore, the protective effect of the A. pectinata extract against t-BHP-induced oxidative stress on Chang cells were evaluated using MTT assay and the measurement of reactive oxygen species (ROS). These results showed that the A. pectinata extract have strong radical scavenging activities, and exerts protective effect against oxidative stress through reducing intracellular ROS content of Chang cells.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Bivalves/química , Extratos Celulares/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
13.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1155: 643-659, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468437

RESUMO

Batillus cornutus (B. cornutus) is one of the gastropoda, which are distributed along the coast of China, Japan and South Korea and northeast area. In this study, we first identified the antioxidant effects of a B. cornutus meat (BM) enzymatic hydrolysate in H2O2-treated Vero cells. First of all, we prepared an Alcalase hydrolysate from BM (BMA) and revealed a high taurine content. Also, taurine rich BMA dose-dependently increased 2,2-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline)-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) radical scavenging activity, reducing power and the higher oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) value. In addition, BMA significantly increased the cell viability via the down-regulation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, as well as the decreased formation of apoptotic bodies and sub-G1 DNA population in H2O2-treated Vero cells. Furthermore, BMA increased the expression of the anti-apoptotic molecule, Bcl-2, and decreased the expressions of Bax, p53 and cleaved PARP, all of which are pro-apoptotic molecules, in H2O2-treated Vero cells. Based on these results, this study suggests that BMA may be used as a potential protector on damage caused by oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Gastrópodes/química , Estresse Oxidativo , Hidrolisados de Proteína/farmacologia , Animais , Cercopithecus aethiops , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Carne , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Subtilisinas , Células Vero
14.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1155: 661-674, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468438

RESUMO

In the present study, we investigated the antioxidant activity of an aqueous extract from Atrina pectinate meat (APW) against H2O2-induced oxidative stress in a human hepatocyte. The extraction yield of APW was 30.01 ± 0.83% and which contained the highest taurine content among free amino acid contents. APW led to the high antioxidant activity showing 2,2-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline)-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) radical scavenging activity, good reducing power and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) value. Also, the results showed that APW improved the cell viability decreased by H2O2 stimulation as well as the reduction of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in hepatocytes. Additionally, APW up-regulated the production of antioxidant mechanisms related enzymes such as catalase and superoxide dismutase (SOD), compared to the only H2O2-treated hepatocytes. Moreover, APW increased the expressions of nuclear Nrf2 and cytosolic HO-1 in H2O2-treated hepatocytes. Interestingly, the treatment of ZnPP, a HO-1 inhibitor abolished the cell viability and intracellular ROS generation induced by APW treatment. In conclusion, this study suggests that APW protects H2O2 induced oxidative stress via up-regulating of Nrf2/HO-1 signal pathway in hepatocytes.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Bivalves/química , Extratos Celulares/farmacologia , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo , Animais , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Carne , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
15.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1155: 691-703, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468440

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the hepatoprotective activity of the water extract derived from Octopus vulgaris meat (OM). First of all, a water extract prepared from OM (OMW) showed the high extraction yield (48.22%) and the highest taurine content (39.84%) in free amino acids. OMW exhibited the high value of reducing power, ABTS and hydrogen peroxide radical scavenging activities in dose-dependent manner. The taurine-rich OMW also led to the reduced intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation with the increased cell survival in H2O2-treated Chang liver cells. In addition, OMW decreased the apoptotic phenomenon, including the formations of apoptotic bodies and sub-G1 DNA contents by regulating the protein expressions of apoptosis-related molecules such as Bcl-2 and Bax. From these results, this study indicated the taurine-rich OMW protected hepatocytes against oxidative stress. These findings suggest that OWM may be a novel potential antioxidant resource.


Assuntos
Extratos Celulares/farmacologia , Hepatócitos/citologia , Octopodiformes/química , Estresse Oxidativo , Taurina/farmacologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Carne , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Água
16.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1155: 755-771, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468446

RESUMO

In the last decade thiotaurine, 2-aminoethane thiosulfonate, has been investigated as an inflammatory modulating agent as a result of its ability to release hydrogen sulfide (H2S) known to play regulatory roles in inflammation. Thiotaurine can be included in the "taurine family" due to structural similarity to taurine and hypotaurine, and is characterized by the presence of a sulfane sulfur moiety. Thiotaurine can be produced by different pathways, such as the spontaneous transsulfuration between thiocysteine - a persulfide analogue of cysteine - and hypotaurine as well as in vivo from cystine. Moreover, the enzymatic oxidation of cysteamine to hypotaurine and thiotaurine in the presence of inorganic sulfur can occur in animal tissues and last but not least thiotaurine can be generated by the transfer of sulfur from mercaptopyruvate to hypotaurine catalyzed by a sulfurtransferase. Thiotaurine is an effective antioxidant agent as demonstrated by its ability to counteract the damage caused by pro-oxidants in the rat. Recently, we observed the influence of thiotaurine on human neutrophils functional responses. In particular, thiotaurine has been found to prevent human neutrophil spontaneous apoptosis suggesting an alternative or additional role to its antioxidant activity. It is likely that the sulfane sulfur of thiotaurine may modulate neutrophil activation via persulfidation of target proteins. In conclusion, thiotaurine can represent a biologically relevant sulfur donor acting as a biological intermediate in the transport, storage and release of sulfide.


Assuntos
Sulfeto de Hidrogênio , Taurina/análogos & derivados , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Apoptose , Humanos , Neutrófilos/citologia , Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais , Sulfetos , Taurina/fisiologia
17.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1155: 1033-1048, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468465

RESUMO

The stable N-bromotaurine analogs (N-dibromo-dimethyl taurine, N-monobromo-dimethyl taurine), and bromamine T (BAT) show anti-inflammatory and microbicidal properties. These bromamines are good candidates for a treatment of skin infectious/inflammatory diseases as local antiseptics. Ibuprofen, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), is commonly used in various infectious/inflammatory diseases due to its analgesic and antipyretic therapeutic effects. However, systemic administration of ibuprofen may also result in adverse side effects. It has been reported that ibuprofen enhances serum levels of TNF-α and worsens secondary skin infections caused by invasive streptococci (S. pyogenes). Recently we have demonstrated that bromamines inhibit the stimulatory effect of ibuprofen on the production of inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6). The aim of this study was to examine the combined antibacterial actions of ibuprofen and bromamines against S. pyogenes and their joint effect on the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by activated neutrophils and macrophages. We have shown that the microbicidal activity of bromamines against S. pyogenes was not altered by ibuprofen. On the other hand, co-administration of ibuprofen and bromamines markedly decreased the generation of ROS by activated neutrophils and macrophages. Finally, we discuss how the antioxidant combined effect of bromamines and ibuprofen may affect a local defense system.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Ibuprofeno/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Streptococcus pyogenes/efeitos dos fármacos , Taurina/análogos & derivados , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Taurina/farmacologia
18.
Bratisl Lek Listy ; 120(8): 569-575, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31379179

RESUMO

AIM: Oxidative and nitrosative stress triggers an extensive damage to the tissues. Many herbal and chemical medicines have claimed to possess antioxidant properties. Arbutin exists in some plants such as Pyrus Biossierana Bushe. In this study, an inhibitory effect of arbutin against tert-butyl hydroperoxide induced cytotoxicity was studied using SYTOX TM Green assay for cell viability. The antioxidant effects of arbutin on the generation of malondialdehyde, nitric oxide, activity of oxidative enzyme (Superoxide dismutase and catalyze) and the amount of total thiol in Hep-G2 cells exposed to tert-butyl hydroperoxide were evaluated. METHODS: Hep-G2 cells were cultured in 24-well plates. After 24 hours, the cells were pretreated with the arbutin at different concentrations (0, 100 and 150 µM). 24 hours later, tert-butyl hydroperoxide at different concentrations (0, 150, 200 and 250 µM) was added into the culture media. RESULTS: Arbutin was able to decrease malondialdehyde and nitric oxide concentrations in arbutin treated group in comparison with the control group (p < 0.00001). The catalase and superoxide dismutase enzymes in these cells were significantly decreased in a dose depend manner in the presence of arbutin in comparison with the control group (p < 0.00001). In addition, arbutin was capable of increasing the tert-butyl hydroperoxide mediated reduction in the total thiol amount in comparison with the control group (p < 0.00001.) CONCLUSION: Our investigation demonstrated that tert-butyl hydroperoxide evoked a reactive oxygen and nitrogen species overproduction in Hep-G2 cells. The cells treated with arbutin showed a dose-dependent reduction of tert-butyl hydroperoxide induced reactive oxygen and nitrogen species generation (Fig. 6, Ref. 34).


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Arbutina/farmacologia , Estresse Nitrosativo , Estresse Oxidativo , Catalase/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , terc-Butil Hidroperóxido
19.
Biomed Khim ; 65(4): 331-338, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436175

RESUMO

The effect of 6-hydroxy-2,2,4-trimethyl-1,2-dihydroquinoline on markers of hepatocytes cytolysis (aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase), parameters reflecting the state of oxidative status (intensity of biochemical luminescence and the content of diene conjugates), and the activity of oxidative metabolism enzymes (aconitate hydratase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, NADP-isocitrate dehydrogenase) was studied in rats with CCl4-induced liver injury. The results obtained in the course of the work demonstrated the ability of the test compound to reduce the severity of oxidative stress and liver cells damage, as well as to change the activity of aconitate hydratase and NADP-generating enzymes in the direction of control values. 6-hydroxy-2,2,4-trimethyl-1,2-dihydroquinoline was more effective in normalizing CCl4-induced changes of the analyzed parameters that Carsil used as a reference compound. The tendency to normalize the state of oxidative status and enzyme activity of oxidative metabolism can attributed to hepatoprotective and antioxidant properties of the tested compound.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Estresse Oxidativo , Quinolinas/farmacologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Radicais Livres , Fígado/enzimologia , Ratos
20.
Planta Med ; 85(13): 1054-1072, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261421

RESUMO

The Lauraceae family is predominantly found in Asia and in the rainforests of the Americas, and consists mostly of aromatic trees. Being an essential oil producer, this family is used in the food, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic industries. This work presents a systematic review of the chemical composition and bioactivity of the essential oils from the Lauraceae family. Medline, Scielo, Web of Science, Lilacs, and Scopus were employed to identify articles published between 2000 and 2018, using "Lauraceae", "essential oil", and "biological activity" as key words. From 177 studies identified, 53 met the inclusion criteria. These studies indicated a predominance of the compounds ß-caryophyllene and 1,8-cineole in Lauraceae species, and highlighted the antioxidant, antifungal, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory activities. Essential oils extracted from this family thus have high potential for pharmacological applications.


Assuntos
Lauraceae/química , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/química , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Óleos Vegetais/química
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