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1.
Food Chem ; 308: 125701, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669946

RESUMO

In this study, we found that glutaminase from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens could increase antioxidant activities of Gln-Cys mixture, demonstrated by the higher superoxide anion and DPPH radical scavenging activities, Fe2+-chelating and reducing power. According to UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS results, we identified γ-[Glu](n=1,2,3,4)-Cys in Gln-Cys mixture in the presence of glutaminase. The yields of γ-Glu-Cys (GC) and γ-Glu-γ-Glu-Cys (GGC) were 40.92% and 22.79% respectively, under the established optimum conditions: pH 10, 37 °C, 3 h, 0.1 mol/l Gln: 0.1 mol/l Cys = 1:1, and glutaminase at 0.1% (m/v). The antioxidant properties of GC, GGC, glutathione and Gln-Cys mixture in the presence of glutaminase were further compared and we found GC exhibited the highest superoxide anion and DPPH radical scavenging activities, and Fe2+-chelating and reducing power. Therefore, glutaminase caused the increase of antioxidant activity of Gln-Cys mixture and might be attributed to GC which was synthesized by glutaminase via transpeptidation, and GC has the potential to be used in food and nutraceutical applications as an antioxidant peptide.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Bacillus amyloliquefaciens/enzimologia , Dipeptídeos/metabolismo , Glutaminase/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
2.
Food Chem ; 308: 125657, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669950

RESUMO

This study investigated the effects of drought stress on Chinese cabbage (Chcab) by measuring plant growth responses, total antioxidant enzyme activities, the contents of bioactive compounds including glucosinolates (GLS, aliphatic and indolic), and binding with human serum albumin (HSA). Forty-day-old Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa L. ssp. pekinensis) seedlings were transplanted into pots and maintained for three weeks at 10% (drought-treated, D-T) and 30% (control, C) soil water. The total leaf number, leaf area, and fresh and dry weights were significantly lower in D-T Chcab than in controls. Total GLSs and catalase activities were found to be significantly higher in D-T Chcab than in controls. Indolic GLSs were significantly higher than aliphatic GLSs in D-T Chcab. These results show that D-T Chcab reduced growth parameters and binding properties with HSA and influenced total contents of GLSs, polyphenols, flavonoids, total antioxidant enzyme activities, catalase and peroxidase.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Brassica rapa/metabolismo , Secas , Glucosinolatos/análise , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Glucosinolatos/metabolismo , Polifenóis/metabolismo , Plântula/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico
3.
Sci Total Environ ; 699: 134325, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678882

RESUMO

Decaying cyanobacterial blooms carry a potential risk for submerged macrophyte and periphyton biofilms in aquatic environments. This study comprehensively studied the responses in growth, oxidative response, detoxification pathway, and ultrastructure characteristics of aquatic plants to Microcystis aeruginosa (M. aeruginosa) exudates and extracts released during the decline phase. Particular emphasis was placed on the variation of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and quorum-sensing signaling molecules. The results showed that superoxide dismutase, peroxidase, and glutathione S-transferase were significantly induced as antioxidant response, and the malondialdehyde content increased. Increased content of MC-LR (1.129 µg L-1) and NH4+-N (1.35 mg L-1) were found in the decline phase of M. aeruginosa, which played a vital role in the damage to submerged plants. In addition, a change in the amount of osmiophilic granules and a variation of organelles and membranes was observed. A broad distribution of α-d-glucopyranose polysaccharides was dominant and aggregated into clusters in biofilm EPS in response to exposure to decaying M. aeruginosa. Furthermore, exposure to exudates and extracts changed the abundance and structure of the microbial biofilm community. Increased contents of N-acylated-L-homoserine lactone signal molecule might result in a variation of biofilm EPS production in response to decaying M. aeruginosa. These results expand the understanding of how submerged macrophyte and periphyton biofilms respond to environmental stress caused by exudates and extracts of decaying M. aeruginosa.


Assuntos
Microcistinas/toxicidade , Folhas de Planta/microbiologia , Plantas/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Microcystis , Plantas/ultraestrutura
4.
Food Chem ; 308: 125598, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648096

RESUMO

An in vitro gastrointestinal digestion model was used to investigate the effects of milk matrix: skimmed milk (Sm), whole milk (Wm) and processing methods: pH adjustment, high pressure homogenization processing (HPHP), thermal treatment (TT) on the antioxidant capacity, phenolics bioaccessibility of coffee. Our findings showed that the antioxidant capacity of all the samples decreased or unchanged after in vitro digestion. The total phenolic bioaccessibility of coffee (C), coffee with whole milk (Cwm), and coffee with skimmed milk (Csm) decreased by 29.2%, 28.5%, 21.1% from the HPHP treatment and by 14.7%, 34.2%, and 33.8% from TT, respectively. pH adjustment had little effect on the total phenolic bioaccessibility of Cwm and Csm but significantly decreased that of C. Wm showed better protective effect on the phenolic bioaccessibility than Sm. These results may contribute to the optimization of formulations and processing methods in coffee beverage production, thereby increasing the health benefits of coffee.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Café/metabolismo , Leite/metabolismo , Fenóis/metabolismo , Animais , Digestão , Trato Gastrointestinal/metabolismo
5.
Food Chem ; 307: 125515, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648177

RESUMO

This study evaluated the polyphenol profile and the antioxidative properties of Plinia trunciflora (O. Berg) Kausel fruits. Folin-Ciocalteau and pH-jumping methods indicated that these berries are a major source of antioxidant polyphenols (1201.05 mg GAE/100 g FW), particularly anthocyanins. HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS analysis identified cyanidine glycosides as the main components. Flavon-3-ols and hydrolysable-tannins were also found. CAA assay showed that extracts of P. trunciflora fruits prevent lipid peroxidation in HepG2 cells with higher efficacy than other colourful fruits (CAA50 935.25 mg FW/mL cell medium). Moreover, our results suggested that the observed antioxidant protection involve both redox active properties of P. trunciflora components, as measured by ABTS, DPPH and FRAP assays, and upregulation of the genes coding for the antioxidant enzymes MnSOD and GPx, as evaluated by qRT-PCR. Collectively, our data provided evidence on the potential of P. trunciflora fruit as a very rich source of natural antioxidant molecules.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Myrtaceae/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Frutas/química , Frutas/metabolismo , Glutationa Peroxidase/genética , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Myrtaceae/metabolismo , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Polifenóis/análise , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Food Chem ; 307: 125521, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655264

RESUMO

The essential oils and antioxidant activity of four Thymus species were evaluated under five light spectra (namely, red, blue, red-blue, white, and greenhouse condition). The highest essential oil yield (4.17%) was observed under red light in T. migricus, while the lowest (1.05%) was observed in T. carmanicus under greenhouse conditions. Light quality also led to difference in essential oil constituents. The highest thymol (66%) was found in T. migricus exposed to blue light, while the least (1.69%) was observed in T. kotschyanus grown under red-blue light. The LED treatments did not induce any significant effect on carvacrol of Thymus species in comparison to the greenhouse condition. Finally, the analysis of variance indicates that the effect of light varied with the studied species. T. migricus performed the highest antioxidant capacity (IC50 = 176.8 µg/mL) under blue light. Overall, essential oil components as well as antioxidants showed significant responses to light emitting diodes wavelengths.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Luz , Timol/metabolismo , Thymus (Planta)/química , Análise de Variância , Antioxidantes/química , Cromatografia Gasosa , Análise por Conglomerados , Efeito Estufa , Óleos Voláteis/química , Análise de Componente Principal , Timol/química , Thymus (Planta)/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Thymus (Planta)/metabolismo
7.
Food Chem ; 306: 125581, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606636

RESUMO

A comprehensive evaluation was conducted to compare the generation of antioxidative peptides produced by alcalase versus trypsin from Atlantic sea cucumber. The in vitro antioxidative peptides were sequenced by de novo sequencing using LC-MS/MS. Key constituent antioxidative amino acids (KCAAA), i.e., Cys, His, Met, Trp and Tyr in the peptides and the molecular interactions between peptides and myeloperoxidase (MPO, a mediator and marker of in vivo oxidative stress), were analyzed by in silico methods. Alcalase-produced protein hydrolysates showed 5-35% higher in vitro antioxidant activity than the trypsin-produced ones. UPLC analysis revealed the total amino acid composition in peptide fractions <2 kDa. Alcalase produced 35.4% of peptides with both KCAAA and potential MPO inhibitory activity, compared with only 30.3% for trypsin. A representative peptide sequence TEFHLL generated by alcalase had intense molecular interactions with MPO active site, predicting a capacity to inhibit in vivo oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Pepinos-do-Mar/metabolismo , Subtilisinas/metabolismo , Tripsina/metabolismo , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Estresse Oxidativo , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
8.
Food Chem ; 305: 125510, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622804

RESUMO

The fermentation of Triticum dicoccum with sourdough enhances the nutritional aspects of the final product by the enrichment of several compounds with potential medical and biological activity, hence, could improve the health of consumers. This study analyzed the chemical composition of fermented spelt flour from Garfagnana (Province of Lucca, Tuscany) by 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy and its in vitro antioxidant properties by FRAP and DPPH tests. Beyond this, the ex vivo CAA-RBC assay determined the cellular antioxidant activity on human erythrocytes under oxidative condition. Carbohydrate reduction was observed, while amino acids, organic acids and aromatic compounds with potential antioxidant activity increased during the fermentation time. Moreover, both in vitro and ex vivo outcomes showed an improved antioxidant profile. As a possible industrial application, the fermentation process adopted in this research could be reproduced on a large scale for the commercialization of the products by the food industry.


Assuntos
Pão/análise , Fermentação , Triticum/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Farinha/análise , Humanos , Itália , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética
9.
Food Chem ; 306: 125626, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31627083

RESUMO

The effect of glycine betaine (GB) on chilling injury (CI)-induced pericarp browning in 'Nanguo' pears was investigated during shelf life at 20 °C after storage at 0 °C for 120 d. GB treatment alleviated the severity of browning in 'Nanguo' pears as represented by lower browning index (BI) and browning incidence. Membrane lipid peroxidation in GB-treated fruit was lower than that in the control, and membrane integrity was maintained in good condition. The activities and expression of ascorbate peroxidase (APX), catalase (CAT), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were higher in GB-treated fruit than in control fruit. Furthermore, significantly higher proline content, proline synthesis key enzyme activities, and gene expression were observed in the treated fruit, including ornithine d-aminotransferase (OAT) and Δ1-pyrroline-5-carbox-ylate synthetase (P5CS), which were consistent with the browning tendency. In a nutshell, GB treatment can effectively alleviate pericarp browning of cold-stored 'Nanguo' pears by regulating antioxidant enzymes and proline metabolism.


Assuntos
Betaína/farmacologia , Glicina/farmacologia , Pyrus/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Catalase/metabolismo , Temperatura Baixa , Frutas/metabolismo , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Prolina/metabolismo , Pyrus/efeitos dos fármacos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
10.
Food Chem ; 308: 125621, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644969

RESUMO

Yellowing of rice during storage is a highly concerned issue for managing rice quality whereas the yellowing mechanism is not clearly elucidated so far. Thus, the comparative untargeted metabolomic analysis was performed in this study. The results revealed that glycolysis pathway and tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA) were significantly enhanced in yellowed rice, indicating the activated energy metabolism was trigged during the yellowing process. In addition, the increased aromatic compounds (4-hydroxycinnamic acid and benzoic acid) and their precursors (phenylalanine, tyrosine) suggested the activation of shikimate-phenylpropanoid biosynthesis in yellowed rice, which is an antioxidant defense related pathway. In particular, the pathways involved in the metabolism of glutamate and arginine also significantly altered in yellowed rice. Therefore, the enriched pathways of increased amino acids, sugars, sugar alcohols, and intermediates of the TCA cycle during yellowing process are proposed to be associated with the response of heat and dry induced by the yellowing process.


Assuntos
Oryza/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Ciclo do Ácido Cítrico , Cor , Metabolômica
11.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(2): 665-671, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583700

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Muscle fat content and fatty acid composition play an important role in poultry flavor and taste. To investigate the effects of pioglitazone hydrochloride (PGZ) on growth performance and thigh muscle quality in yellow-feathered chickens, 360 female chickens were randomly divided into three groups and treated with three doses of PGZ (0, 7.5, and 15 mg kg-1 ) for 28 days. Each group had six replicates of 20 chickens. RESULTS: The results showed that dietary supplementation with 15 mg kg-1 PGZ increased average daily feed intake (ADFI) and the average daily gain (ADG) from 0 to 14 days. Furthermore, the triglyceride (TG) level was decreased by 15 mg kg-1 PGZ, whereas the eviscerated yield was increased. The relative weight of the heart and kidneys showed a linear increase with dietary PGZ supplementation, and the drip loss of the thigh muscle was significantly decreased by 15 mg kg-1 PGZ supplementation. Moreover, a* value, intramuscular fat (IMF), and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) showed a linear increase, and pH24 h and drip loss showed a quadratic influence with the levels of PGZ supplementation. In particular, the PUFA proportion was increased by 7.63% and 9.14% in the 7.5 mg kg-1 PGZ and 15 mg kg-1 PGZ groups, respectively. Additionally, 15 mg kg-1 of PGZ increased the total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX ) activity. CONCLUSION: In summary, 15 mg kg-1 PGZ has substantial effects on growth performance and meat quality, particularly by decreasing drip loss and increasing IMF content, PUFA proportions, and antioxidant ability. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Galinhas/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/química , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Pioglitazona/administração & dosagem , Coxa da Perna/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Galinhas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Feminino , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Carne/análise , Músculo Esquelético/química , Músculo Esquelético/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculo Esquelético/crescimento & desenvolvimento
12.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(2): 785-793, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612485

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Red onion is popular in cuisines worldwide and is valued for its potential medicinal properties. Red onion is an important source of several phytonutrients such as flavonoids, thiosulfinates and other sulfur compounds, recognized as important elements of the diet. Nowadays, there is the need of producing food enriched in health benefit compounds. In this study, pads of sulfur bentonite (SB) with the addition of orange residue (OR) or olive pomace (OP) were used to improve the quality of red onion. The experiment was conducted for 3 months in the field to evaluate the phytochemicals of differently amended red onion. RESULTS: Treated plants were better in quality than controls. Antioxidant activity, detected as DPPH, ORAC and ABTS, was highest in plants grown in the presence of SB enriched with agricultural wastes, particularly SB-OR. Polyphenols increased in all treated plants. The volatile fraction was clearly dominated by sulfur compounds that are strictly related to the concentration of the aroma precursors S-alkenyl cysteine sulfoxides. The greater amount of thiosulfinates in treated compared with untreated onion evidenced that SB pelletized with agricultural wastes can represent a new formulation of organic fertilizer able to improve the beneficial properties of onion. The results highlighted that the best red onion quality was obtained using SB-OR pads. CONCLUSION: The use of SB bound with agricultural wastes represents a novel strategy to increase bio-compounds with beneficial effects on human health, to enhance the medical and economic values of sulfur-loving crops, with important consequences on the bio and green economy. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/análise , Bentonita/análise , Produção Agrícola/métodos , Fertilizantes/análise , Cebolas/química , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Enxofre/análise , Resíduos/análise , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Bentonita/metabolismo , Olea/química , Cebolas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cebolas/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo , Enxofre/metabolismo
13.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124602, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545211

RESUMO

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have been known to exhibit neurotoxicity in rats; however, the underlying mechanism remains unknown and there is no available intervention. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of oxidative and nitrosative stress in the neurotoxicity in the cerebral cortex and primary neurons in rats following the BDE-153 treatment. Compared to the untreated group, BDE-153 treatment significantly induced the neurotoxic effects in rats, as manifested by the increased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activities and cell apoptosis rates, and the decreased neurotrophic factor contents and cholinergic enzyme activities in rats' cerebral cortices and primary neurons. When compared to the untreated group, the oxidative and nitrosative stress had occurred in the cerebral cortex or primary neurons in rats following the BDE-153 treatment, as manifested by the increments in levels of reactive oxygenspecies (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO), and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) mRNA and protein expressions, along with the decline in levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, glutathione (GSH) content, and peroxiredoxin I (Prx I) and Prx II mRNA and protein expressions. In addition, the ROS scavenger N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) or NO scavenger NG-Nitro-l-arginine (L-NNA) significantly rescued the LDH leakage and cell survival, reversed the neurotrophin contents and cholinergic enzymes, mainly via regaining balance between oxidation/nitrosation and antioxidation. Overall, our findings suggested that oxidative and nitrosative stresses are involved in the neurotoxicity induced by BDE-153, and that the antioxidation is a potential targeted intervention.


Assuntos
Córtex Cerebral/patologia , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/toxicidade , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/patologia , Estresse Nitrosativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Bifenil Polibromatos/toxicidade , Acetilcisteína/farmacologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Córtex Cerebral/efeitos dos fármacos , Glutationa/metabolismo , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/metabolismo , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Fatores de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurotrofina 3/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo I/metabolismo , Estresse Nitrosativo/fisiologia , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
14.
Bratisl Lek Listy ; 120(12): 919-923, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31855051

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to investigate the cardioprotective effect of lycopene, known for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effect, in a rat sepsis model induced by lypopolysaccharide (LPS). METHODS: The oxidative stress parameters, antioxidant parameters and cytokine levels with or without lycopene treatment in LPS­induced septic rats as well as in controls were measured in serum and tissue. Histologic examinations of the cardiac tissues were also performed. The Kruskal-Wallis and the Bonferroni-adjusted Mann-Whitney U Test was used for analysis. A p value < 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: The data of this study showed that lycopene pretreatment reduced the oxidative stres parametersand , proinflammatory cytokines as well as increased the antoxidant enzyme activities in both serum and cardiac tissues in LPS­induced septic rats.. Moreover, hyperaemia and haemorrhage in the epicardium, myocardium and endocardium were lower in the lycopene pretreated group as compared to the LPS alone group. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that lycopene could be beneficial for the prevention of cardiac injury caused by sepsis through reducing the cytokine levels and oxidative stress parameters (Tab. 4, Fig. 1, Ref. 35).


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Carotenoides/farmacologia , Licopeno/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Choque Séptico/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Cardiotônicos/farmacologia , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos
15.
Bratisl Lek Listy ; 120(12): 924-928, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31855052

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between thromboxane levels and oxidative stress in children with Crohn´s disease (CD), and examine the effect of natural polyphenolic compounds on thromboxane levels. METHODS: This study involved 14 children suffering from CD and 15 healthy controls. Patients were receiving the polyphenolic extract Pycnogenol for 10 weeks. Plasma levels of the static and dynamic forms of thromboxane B2 as well as their metabolite 11-dehydro thromboxane B2 in urine were determined. RESULTS: In comparison to controls, CD patients had significantly higher levels of the static and dynamic forms of thromboxane B2. Pycnogenol decreased the level of the dynamic form of thromboxane B2 after 10 weeks of administration. CONCLUSIONS: Paediatric Crohn's disease is associated with higher thromboxane levels. Our results indicate that Pycnogenol administration reduces thromboxane levels, which may positively influence some clinical symptoms of CD such as thromboembolic episodes (Tab. 3, Ref. 49).


Assuntos
Doença de Crohn/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Tromboxanos/sangue , Adolescente , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Doença de Crohn/sangue , Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico , Doença de Crohn/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Flavonoides/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Masculino , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Polifenóis/administração & dosagem
16.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(46): 12972-12985, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31709797

RESUMO

Controlling the temperature inside a greenhouse during the summer is a problem of increasing importance in the Mediterranean countries, especially in the Spanish southeast. The metabolic profile of greenhouse tomatoes and leaves grown under conventional conditions and within the presence of a shade mesh (∼50% reduction of sunlight radiation) has been monitored. Tomatoes were weekly harvested from May to July 2017 and analyzed by NMR spectroscopy coupled to multivariate data analysis techniques, together with oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assays (for antioxidant activity). Fatty acids and carotenoids profiles were unraveled by GC-FID and HPLC-DAD, respectively. To verify whether it would be possible to take advantage of different light growing conditions to potentiate a plant's defense system, leaves of the corresponding plants were collected and their methanolic extracts were analyzed by NMR toward deciphering new biomarkers, which were used to assess their antibacterial and antibiofilm activities. The presence of a shading mesh resulted in a reduction in tomato production and in smaller fruits with lower contents of sugars (glucose and fructose) and carotenoids (lycopene and ß-carotene) and higher contents of organic acids, amino acids, and polyunsaturated fatty acids (linoleic and oleic acids) and of phenylpropanoids and flavonoids (which contributed to an increased antioxidant activity). Methanolic extracts of leaves of nonshaded plants showed a higher antibiofilm activity than that from shaded plants. This activity was well-correlated with an increase of phenolic compounds, together with some specific amino acids and organic acids from tomato leaves.


Assuntos
Frutas/química , Lycopersicon esculentum/efeitos da radiação , Folhas de Planta/química , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Alimentos Orgânicos/análise , Alimentos Orgânicos/efeitos da radiação , Frutas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Frutas/metabolismo , Frutas/efeitos da radiação , Lycopersicon esculentum/química , Lycopersicon esculentum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Lycopersicon esculentum/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Metaboloma/efeitos da radiação , Metabolômica , Valor Nutritivo/efeitos da radiação , Extratos Vegetais/química , Folhas de Planta/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/efeitos da radiação , Luz Solar
17.
Biomed Khim ; 65(5): 398-402, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666412

RESUMO

The experimental study of the cardioprotective effect of uridine, the metabolic precursor of the endogenous activator of mitochondrial ATP-dependent K+-channels (mitoKATP-channels), was performed using the model of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/RP) in rats. Ischemia for 30 min followed by reperfusion for 120 min resulted in a significant decrease in ATP and phosphocreatine (PC) content, intensification of lipid peroxidation (LPO), and inhibition of the antioxidant system (AOS) in cardiomyocytes. Uridine in a dose of 30 mg/kg, administered intravenously prior to reperfusion, had a protective effect on myocardial metabolism in the I/RP zone. It prevented the decrease of ATP and PC, limited the LPO processes, evaluated by the content of lipid hydroperoxides and conjugated dienes, and improved the AOS state by, preventing the decrease of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and increasing the content of reduced glutathione (GSH). The mitoKATP-channel blocker 5-hydroxydecanoate (5-HD, 5 mg/kg) eliminated the ability of uridine to maintain the ATP level and to exhibit its positive effect on the intensity of the LPO and activity of AOS. The obtained data allow us to conclude that activation of mitoKATP-channels play an important role in the mechanism of the cardioprotective effect of uridine in I/RP damage of myocardium.


Assuntos
Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Uridina/farmacologia , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Ácidos Decanoicos , Glutationa/metabolismo , Hidroxiácidos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Miocárdio , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Ratos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
18.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 35(4): 317-321, 2019 Jul 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701714

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To apply hypoxia of different oxygen concentration on C2C12 cells to study the changes of Nrf2 antioxidant system under H2O2. METHODS: The perfect simulative effect time and concentration of H2O2 were chosen. Cell vitality was tested after C2C12 cells cultured in 0.1 mmol/L, 0.25 mmol/L, 0.5 mmol/L, 0.75 mmol/L, 1 mmol/L and 2 mmol/L H2O2 for 1 or 2 h respectively. The C2C12 cells were divided into different oxygen concentration group: 21%O2, 12%O2, 8%O2, 5%O2 respectively. And then cells were treated with H2O2 for 1 h, and collected for determination. Immunofluorescence of Nrf2 and the protein expression of Nrf2 were detected. The expressions of antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1), superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2), catalase(CAT), NADPH quinine oxidoreductase-1 (NQO-1), glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPX-1), Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) mRNA and cellular ROS levels were tested by high quality fluorescence assay. RESULTS: 0.5 mmol/L H2O2 for 1 h was selected as the conditions of H2O2stimulation. Compared with 21% O2 group, the expressions of Nrf2 mRNA and protein, antioxidant enzymes SOD1, SOD2, CAT, HO-1, NQO-1, GPX-1 mRNA were increased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and ROS level was lower (P<0.01) in 12%O2 group cells; only the expression of GPX-1 mRNA was increased (P<0.05) in 8%O2 group; the expressions of Nrf2 mRNA and protein expression, antioxidant enzymes SOD1, SOD2, NQO-1, GPX-1 mRNA were decreased significantly(P<0.05 or P<0.01), and ROS level was higher (P<0.01) in 5%O2 group. CONCLUSION: Hypoxia can affect the Nrf2 antioxidant system, and the different oxygen concentrations have different impact. In addition, 12% O2 for 12 h could promote the Nrf2 antioxidant system, and 5% extremely low oxygen may inhibit it.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Mioblastos/enzimologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Camundongos , Oxigênio , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
19.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol ; 38(3): 229-238, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679310

RESUMO

Asthma has affected more than 300 million people worldwide and is considered one of the most debilitating global public health problems based on a recent statistical report from the Global Initiative for Asthma. Inflammation of the airways leads to the various interrelated mechanisms of innate and adaptive immunity acting mutually with the epithelium of the respiratory organ. Fucoxanthin is an orange or brown pigment which is naturally found in various seaweeds. To the best of our knowledge, there are no scientific claims or evidence of the curative effects of fucoxanthin against asthma. Hence, this present research was designed to investigate the curative activity of fucoxanthin against ovalbumin-induced asthma in a mouse model. Fucoxanthin (50 mg/kg) showed significant (P < 0.001) antiasthma activity. It effectively decreased intracellular secretion of reactive oxygen species and increased antioxidant enzyme activity. Fucoxanthin also decreased inflammatory cytokine markers in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Because fucoxanthin showed effective antiasthma activity against ovalbumin-induced asthma in experimental animals, further research on this natural antioxidant could lead to development of a novel drug for the treatment of asthma in humans.


Assuntos
Antiasmáticos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Citocinas/imunologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Xantofilas/farmacologia , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/química , Citocinas/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Masculino , Camundongos , Ovalbumina/toxicidade
20.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol ; 38(3): 239-251, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679311

RESUMO

Fucoxanthin, a potent carotenoid present in various natural sources especially from seaweeds; it exhibits several biological effects like anti-neoplastic, anti-mutagenic, anti-diabetic, anti-obesity and anti-inflammatory actions. Fucoxanthin role in chemoprevention of lung cancer in mouse model induced using benzo(a)pyrene [B(a)P] has been presented here. Oral administration of fucoxanthin with and without B(a)P were studied, the results from our study shows that fucoxanthin significantly decreased tumor progression in mice exposed to B(a)P, the obtained data were correlated with increased antioxidant, apoptosis and decreased tumour marker and anti-apoptotic molecules. With respect to apoptosis, fucoxanthin treated animals shows increased apoptosis compared to tumor induced mice by increased expression of caspase 9 and 3 and decreased expression of anti-apoptotic Bcl2 protein. Finally, histopathological and immuno histochemical analysis also revealed that fucoxanthin shows potent anticancer agent by bringing back the damaged tissue treated with B(a)P and also decreases the expression of PCNA in cancer induced mice. The anticancer effect of fucoxanthin may be attributed by several independent mechanisms which play a important roles in the prevention of cancer development, there is also substantial evidences to show that fucoxanthin acts indirectly by increasing the antioxidant capacity of affected tissue and prepared to cope up with oxidative stress which is proved in our study. Thus from our study it is clearly established that fucoxanthin act as a persuasive anticancer drug against lung cancer.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Apoptose/imunologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Xantofilas/farmacologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Benzo(a)pireno/toxicidade , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Masculino , Camundongos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
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