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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253696, 2024. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355862

RESUMO

Abstract Transplanting time and genotype contribute to improving crop yield and quality of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). A field experiment was conducted to investigate the impact of foliar applied of triacontanol (TRIA) and eggplant genotypes 25919, Nirala, 28389 and Pak-10927,transplanted on 1 March,15 March, and 1 April on exposure to high air temperature conditions. The experiment was performed according to Randomized Complete Block Design and the data was analyzed by using Tuckey,s test . The TRIA was applied at 10µM at flowering stage; distilled water was used as the control. Rate of photosynthesis and transpiration, stomatal conductance, water use efficiency, and effects on antioxidative enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase and peroxidase) were evaluated. The 10µM TRIA increased photosynthesis rate and water use efficiency and yield was improved in all genotypes transplanted at the different dates. Foliar application of 10µM TRIA increased antioxidative enzyme activities (SOD, POD & CAT) and improved physiological as well as biochemical attributes of eggplant genotypes exposed to high heat conditions. Highest activity of dismutase enzyme 5.41mg/1g FW was recorded in Nirala genotype in second transplantation. Whereas, lowest was noted in PAK-10927 (2.30mg/g FW). Maximum fruit yield was found in accession 25919 (1.725kg per plant) at 1st transplantation with Triacontanol, whereas accession PAK-10927 gave the lowest yield (0.285 kg per plant) at control treatment on 3rd transplantation. Genotype, transplanting date and application of TRIA improved growth, yield and quality attributes under of heat stress in eggplant.


Resumo O tempo de transplante e o genótipo contribuem para melhorar a produtividade e a qualidade da cultura da berinjela (Solanum melongena L.). Um experimento de campo foi conduzido para investigar o impacto da aplicação foliar de triacontanol (TRIA) e genótipos de berinjela 25919, Nirala, 28389 e Pak-10927, transplantados em 1 de março, 15 de março e 1 de abril de exposição a condições de alta temperatura do ar. O experimento foi realizado de acordo com o Randomized Complete Block Design e os dados foram analisados pelo teste de Tuckey. O TRIA foi aplicado a 10 µM na fase de floração; água destilada foi utilizada como controle. Taxa de fotossíntese e transpiração, condutância estomática, eficiência do uso da água e efeitos sobre as enzimas antioxidantes (superóxido dismutase, catalase e peroxidase) foram avaliados. O TRIA 10 µM aumentou a taxa de fotossíntese e a eficiência do uso da água e o rendimento foi melhorado em todos os genótipos transplantados nas diferentes datas. A aplicação foliar de TRIA 10µM aumentou as atividades das enzimas antioxidantes (SOD, POD e CAT) e melhorou os atributos fisiológicos e bioquímicos de genótipos de berinjela expostos a condições de alto calor. A atividade mais elevada da enzima dismutase 5,41mg / 1g FW foi registrada no genótipo Nirala no segundo transplante. Considerando que o mais baixo foi observado em PAK-10927 (2,30 mg / g FW). A produtividade máxima de frutos foi encontrada no acesso 25919 (1,725 ​​kg por planta) no 1º transplante com Triacontanol, enquanto o acesso PAK-10927 deu a menor produção (0,285 kg por planta) no tratamento de controle no 3º transplante. Genótipo, data de transplante e aplicação de TRIA, melhoramento do crescimento, rendimento e atributos de qualidade sob estresse térmico em berinjela.


Assuntos
Solanum melongena/genética , Solanum melongena/metabolismo , Fotossíntese , Resposta ao Choque Térmico , Álcoois Graxos , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e257739, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355883

RESUMO

Abstract Under salt stress conditions, plant growth is reduced due to osmotic, nutritional and oxidative imbalance. However, salicylic acid acts in the mitigation of this abiotic stress by promoting an increase in growth, photosynthesis, nitrogen metabolism, synthesis of osmoregulators and antioxidant enzymes. In this context, the objective was to evaluate the effect of salicylic acid doses on the growth and physiological changes of eggplant seedlings under salt stress. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse, where the treatments were distributed in randomized blocks using a central composite matrix Box with five levels of electrical conductivity of irrigation water (CEw) (0.50; 1.08; 2.50; 3.92 and 4.50 dS m-1), associated with five doses of salicylic acid (SA) (0.00; 0.22; 0.75; 1.28 and 1.50 mM), with four repetitions and each plot composed of three plants. At 40 days after sowing, plant height, stem diameter, number of leaves, leaf area, electrolyte leakage, relative water content, and total dry mass were determined. ECw and SA application influenced the growth and physiological changes of eggplant seedlings. Increasing the ECw reduced growth in the absence of SA. Membrane damage with the use of SA remained stable up to 3.9 dS m-1 of ECw. The relative water content independent of the CEw increased with 1.0 mM of SA. The use of SA at the concentration of 1.0 mM mitigated the deleterious effect of salinity on seedling growth up to 2.50 dS m-1 of ECw.


Resumo Em condições de estresse salino, o crescimento das plantas é reduzido, em virtude, do desequilíbrio osmótico, nutricional e oxidativo. Contudo, o ácido salicílico atua na mitigação desse estresse abiótico por promover incremento no crescimento, fotossíntese, metabolismo do nitrogênio, síntese de osmorreguladores e enzimas antioxidantes. Nesse contexto, objetivou-se avaliar o efeito de doses de ácido salicílico sobre o crescimento e alterações fisiológicas de mudas de berinjela sob estresse salino. O experimento foi conduzido em casa de vegetação, onde os tratamentos foram distribuídos em blocos ao acaso utilizando uma matriz composta central Box com cinco níveis de condutividade elétrica da água de irrigação (CEa) (0,50; 1,08; 2,50; 3,92 e 4,50 dS m-1), associada a cinco doses de ácido salicílico (AS) (0,00; 0,22; 0,75; 1,28 e 1,50 mM), com quatro repetições e cada parcela composta por três plantas. Aos 40 dias após a semeadura, foram determinados a altura da planta, diâmetro do caule, número de folhas, área foliar, vazamento de eletrólito, teor relativo de água e massa seca total. A CEa e a aplicação de AS influenciaram no crescimento e nas alterações fisiológicas das mudas de berinjela. O aumento da CEa reduziu o crescimento na ausência de AS. O dano de membrana com o uso de AS manteve-se estável até 3,9 dS m-1 de CEa. O conteúdo relativo de água independentemente da CEa aumentou com 1 mM de SA. O uso de AS na concentração de 1 mM mitigou o efeito deletério da salinidade no crescimento das mudas até 2,50 dS m-1 de CEa.


Assuntos
Ácido Salicílico/farmacologia , Solanum melongena/metabolismo , Fotossíntese , Estresse Fisiológico , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Plântula , Salinidade , Tolerância ao Sal , Antioxidantes/metabolismo
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e247190, 2023. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345532

RESUMO

Abstract The present study was aimed to evaluate the antioxidant potential and inhibitory effect ofCannabis sativa and Morus nigra against lipid peroxidation in goat brain and liver homogenates. The formation of free radicals, highly reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) is a normal metabolic process for cellular signaling and countering the antigens. However, they may cause serious damage if they produced at amplified tolls. In addition, metabolic disorders also serve as sources of these reactive species. Although the issue can be addressed through supplements and other phytochemicals. In this study, two plant species were evaluated for their biological potential by employing a spectrum of antioxidant assays. The antioxidant activity was performed by lipid peroxidation assay. The water extract prepared from leaves of Cannabis sativa and Morus nigra showed significant (P<0.05) inhibition as compared to control i.e., 522.6±0.06 and 659.97±0.03 µg/mL against iron-induced lipid peroxidation in goat brain homogenate while the inhibitions were 273.54±0.04 and 309.18±0.05 µg/mL against nitroprusside induced lipid peroxidation of the brain. The iron and nitroprusside induced lipid peroxidation was also significantly inhibited by leaf extracts of Cannabis sativa and Morus nigra in liver homogenates such as 230.63±0.52 and 326.91±0.01 µg/mL (iron-induced) while 300.47±0.07 and 300.47±0.07 µg/mL (nitroprusside induced), respectively. The extracts of Cannabis sativa extract showed promising activity (96.04±0.060%) against DPPH radicals while Morus nigra showed a moderate activity (34.11±0.120%). The results suggest that different accessions ofCannabis sativa and Morus nigra are a potential source of antioxidants and have a therapeutic effect against disease induced by oxidative stress and hence can be used for novel drug discovery and development.


Resumo O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o potencial antioxidante e o efeito inibitório de Cannabis sativa e Morus nigra contra a peroxidação lipídica em homogenatos de cérebro e fígado de cabras. A formação de radicais livres, espécies altamente reativas de oxigênio (ROS) e espécies reativas de nitrogênio (RNS), é um processo metabólico normal para sinalização celular e combate aos antígenos. No entanto, eles podem causar sérios danos se forem produzidos em portagens ampliadas. Além disso, distúrbios metabólicos também servem como fontes dessas espécies reativas, embora o problema possa ser resolvido por meio de suplementos e outros fitoquímicos. Neste estudo, duas espécies de plantas foram avaliadas quanto ao seu potencial biológico, empregando um espectro de ensaios antioxidantes. A atividade antioxidante foi realizada por ensaio de peroxidação lipídica. O extrato de água preparado a partir de folhas de Cannabis sativa e Morus nigra mostrou inibição significativa (P < 0,05) em comparação com o controle, ou seja, 522,6 ± 0,06 e 659,97 ± 0,03 µg / mL contra peroxidação lipídica induzida por ferro em homogenato de cérebro de cabra, enquanto as inibições foram 273,54 ± 0,04 e 309,18 ± 0,05 µg / mL contra a peroxidação lipídica do cérebro induzida por nitroprussiato. A peroxidação lipídica induzida por ferro e nitroprussiato também foi significativamente inibida por extratos de folhas de Cannabis sativa e Morus nigra em homogenatos de fígado, como 230,63 ± 0,52 e 326,91 ± 0,01 µg / mL (induzida por ferro), enquanto 300,47 ± 0,07 e 300,47 ± 0,07 µg / mL (induzida por nitroprussiato), respectivamente. Os extratos do extrato de Cannabis sativa apresentaram atividade promissora (96,04 ± 0,060%) contra os radicais DPPH enquanto Morus nigra apresentou atividade moderada (34,11 ± 0,120%). Os resultados sugerem que diferentes acessos de Cannabis sativa e Morus nigra são uma fonte potencial de antioxidantes e têm efeito terapêutico contra doenças induzidas por estresse oxidativo e, portanto, podem ser usados ​​para a descoberta e desenvolvimento de novos medicamentos.


Assuntos
Animais , Cannabis , Morus , Encéfalo , Cabras , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Fígado , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia
4.
Amino Acids ; 54(1): 33-46, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34993628

RESUMO

Sodium chlorate (NaClO3) is a common non-selective herbicide that is also used in paper and pulp mills and is produced as a by-product during drinking water disinfection by chlorine dioxide. Here, we report the effect of dietary antioxidant taurine on NaClO3-induced cytotoxicity in human red blood cells (RBC). RBC were treated with 5 mM NaClO3, either alone or in presence of 1, 2.5 and 5.0 mM taurine. Incubation of RBC with NaClO3 alone caused hemolysis, increased oxidation of lipids and proteins, methemogobin level and decreased total sulfhydryl and glutathione content. It lowered the activities of antioxidant enzymes thioredoxin reductase, glutathione peroxidase, catalase and glutathione reductase, while Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase activity was increased. The antioxidant capacity of RBC was impaired. This strongly suggests that NaClO3 causes the induction of oxidative stress condition in RBC. The specific activities of lactate dehydrogenase, glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase and plasma membrane bound enzymes, were also greatly altered. However, prior treatment of RBC with taurine conferred significant protection against NaClO3-induced oxidative damage and also improved the antioxidant defence system of cells. These results were supported by electron microscopy images of RBC. Treatment with NaClO3 alone converted the normal biconcave discoidal RBC to acanthocytes and echinocytes but this transformation was greatly prevented in the presence of taurine. Thus, taurine mitigates the cytotoxicity of NaClO3 in human RBC and can function as an effective chemoprotectant.


Assuntos
Cloratos , Taurina , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Cloratos/metabolismo , Cloratos/farmacologia , Eritrócitos , Glutationa/metabolismo , Humanos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Estresse Oxidativo , Taurina/metabolismo , Taurina/farmacologia
5.
J Physiol Sci ; 72(1): 19, 2022 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35931969

RESUMO

Extensive research has found strongly increased generation of reactive oxygen species, free radicals, and reactive nitrogen species during acute physical exercise that can lead to oxidative stress (OS) and impair muscle function. Polyphenols (PCs), the most abundant antioxidants in the human diet, are of increasing interest to athletes as antioxidants. Current literature suggests that antioxidants supplementation can effectively modulate these processes. This overview summarizes the actual knowledge of chemical and biomechanical properties of PCs and their impact as supplements on acute exercise-induced OS, inflammation control, and exercise performance. Evidence maintains that PC supplements have high potency to positively impact redox homeostasis and improve skeletal muscle's physiological and physical functions. However, many studies have failed to present improvement in physical performance. Eleven of 15 representative experimental studies reported a reduction of severe exercise-induced OS and inflammation markers or enhancement of total antioxidant capacity; four of eight studies found improvement in exercise performance outcomes. Further studies should be continued to address a safe, optimal PC dosage, supplementation timing during a severe training program in different sports disciplines, and effects on performance response and adaptations of skeletal muscle to exercise.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Estresse Oxidativo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Suplementos Nutricionais , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo
6.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 2710607, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35936216

RESUMO

The presented study was performed to verify whether rutin and/or quercetin can inhibit liver injury induced by doxorubicin (DXR) in male Wistar rats. In this study, male Wistar rats were treated via the oral route with rutin and quercetin (50 mg/kg) either alone or in combination every other day for five weeks concomitant with receiving intraperitoneal DXR (2 mg/kg) two times a week for five successive weeks. Quercetin, rutin, and their combination significantly improved the deteriorated serum AST, ALT, and ALP activities and total bilirubin level, as well as albumin, AFP, and CA 19.9 levels in DXR-injected rats. Treatments of the DXR-injected group with quercetin and rutin prevented the elevation in liver lipid peroxidation and the reduction in superoxide dismutase, glutathione-S-transferase and glutathione peroxidase activities, and glutathione content. Treatments with quercetin and rutin significantly repressed the elevated expression of liver p53 and TNF-α and enhanced Nrf2 expression. Furthermore, the treatments significantly reduced DXR-induced liver histological changes. In conclusion, rutin and quercetin either alone or in combination may have potential preventive effects against DXR-induced hepatotoxicity through inhibiting oxidative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis as well as modulating the Nrf2 expression.


Assuntos
Hepatite , Quercetina , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Apoptose , Doxorrubicina/toxicidade , Fator de Transcrição de Proteínas de Ligação GA/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , Hepatite/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Quercetina/farmacologia , Quercetina/uso terapêutico , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Rutina/farmacologia , Rutina/uso terapêutico
7.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0269962, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35925905

RESUMO

Five endophytic bacterial isolates were studied to identify morphologically and biochemically, according to established protocols and further confirmed by 16S rDNA Sanger sequencing, as Priestia megaterium, Staphylococcus caprae, Neobacillus drentensis, Micrococcus yunnanensis, and Sphingomonas paucimobiliz, which were then tested for phytohormone, ammonia, and hydrolytic enzyme production. Antioxidant compounds total phenolic content (TPC), and total flavonoid content (TFC) were assessed by using bacterial crude extracts obtained from 24-hour shake-flask culture. Phylogenetic tree analysis of those identified isolates shared sequence similarities with the members of Bacillus, Micrococcus, Staphylococcus, and Pseudomonas species, and after GenBank submission, accession numbers for the nucleotide sequences were found to be MW494406, MW494408, MW494401, MW494402, and MZ021340, respectively. In silico analysis was performed to identify their bioactive genes and compounds in the context of bioactive secondary metabolite production with medicinal value, where nine significant bioactive compounds according to six different types of bioactive secondary metabolites were identified, and their structures, gene associations, and protein-protein networks were analyzed by different computational tools and servers, which were reported earlier with their antimicrobial, anti-infective, antioxidant, and anti-cancer capabilities. These compounds were then docked to the 3-chymotrypsin-like protease (3CLpro) of the novel SARS-COV-2. Docking scores were then compared with 3CLpro reference inhibitor (lopinavir), and docked compounds were further subjected to ADMET and drug-likeness analyses. Ligand-protein interactions showed that two compounds (microansamycin and aureusimine) interacted favorably with coronavirus 3CLpro. Besides, in silico analysis, we also performed NMR for metabolite detection whereas three metabolites (microansamycin, aureusimine, and stenothricin) were confirmed from the 1H NMR profiles. As a consequence, the metabolites found from NMR data aligned with our in-silico analysis that carries a significant outcome of this research. Finally, Endophytic bacteria collected from medicinal plants can provide new leading bioactive compounds against target proteins of SARS-COV-2, which could be an effective approach to accelerate drug innovation and development.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Bactérias/metabolismo , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Filogenia
8.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 22(1): 208, 2022 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35927726

RESUMO

AIM: Acute pancreatitis is a common and potentially serious condition. However, a specific treatment for this condition is still lacking. Genistein, with its anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, could possibly be used to tackle the underlying pathophysiology of acute pancreatitis. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of genistein on oxidative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis in acute pancreatitis induced by L-arginine in mice. METHODS: Twenty-four male ICR mice were equally divided into 4 groups: Control (Con); Acute pancreatitis (AP) group: Two doses of i.p. 350 mg/100 g body weight (BW) of L-arginine were administered 1 h apart; AP and low-dose genistein (LG) group: mice were given i.p. injection of 10 mg/kg genistein 2 h prior to L-arginine injection followed by once-daily dosing for 3 days; and AP and high-dose genistein (HG) group: mice were given 100 mg/kg genistein with the similar protocol as the LG group. Pancreatic tissue was evaluated for histopathological changes and acinar cell apoptosis, malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, immunohistochemical staining for myeloperoxidase (MPO), nuclear factor-kappa beta (NF-kB), and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE). Serum levels of amylase (AMY), c-reactive protein (CRP), and interleukin (IL)-6 were measured. RESULTS: Significant increases in the degree of acinar cell apoptosis, pancreatic MDA, serum IL-6 and amylase, MPO, NF-kB and 4-HNE positivity were observed in the AP group. All these parameters declined after low- and high-dose genistein treatment. Severe pancreatic inflammation, edema, and acinar cell necrosis were observed in the AP group. Significant improvement of histopathological changes was seen in both low- and high-dose genistein groups. There were no significant differences in any parameters between low and high doses of genistein. CONCLUSION: Genistein could attenuate the severity of histopathological changes in acute pancreatitis through its anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-apoptotic properties.


Assuntos
Pancreatite , Doença Aguda , Amilases/metabolismo , Amilases/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Apoptose , Arginina/metabolismo , Arginina/farmacologia , Arginina/uso terapêutico , Genisteína/farmacologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Pancreatite/induzido quimicamente , Pancreatite/tratamento farmacológico , Pancreatite/patologia
9.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 13324, 2022 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35922637

RESUMO

Retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) performs essential functions for ensuring retinal homeostasis and is a key site for pathogenic changes leading to age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Compromised proteostasis in RPE results in ER stress and ER stress-dependent antioxidant, apoptosis and autophagic responses. ER stress induces the unfolded protein response (UPR) in which EIF2AK3, encoding the protein kinase RNA-like ER kinase (PERK), acts as a key regulator. Downregulated EIF2AK3 gene expression has recently been identified in AMD using human donor RPE, however the molecular mechanisms that integrate the various ER-mediated cellular pathways underpinning progressive RPE dysfunction in AMD have not been fully characterised. This study investigated the downstream effects of PERK downregulation in response to Brefeldin A (BFA)-induced ER stress in ARPE-19 cells. PERK downregulation resulted in increased ER stress and impaired apoptosis induction, antioxidant responses and autophagic flux. ARPE-19 cells were unable to efficiently induce autophagy following PERK downregulation and PERK presented a role in regulating the rate of autophagy induction. The findings support PERK downregulation as an integrative event facilitating dysregulation of RPE processes critical to cell survival known to contribute to AMD development and highlight PERK as a potential future therapeutic target for AMD.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Apoptose , Autofagia , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Humanos , Estresse Oxidativo , Pigmentos da Retina/metabolismo , eIF-2 Quinase/genética , eIF-2 Quinase/metabolismo
10.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 1735204, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35923861

RESUMO

We verified whether caffeinated coffee consumption influenced the concentrations of prolactin (PRL) and oxidative stress parameters: total antioxidant status (TAS), ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), total oxidant status (TOS), oxidative stress index (OSI), advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), uric acid (UA), total bilirubin (T-Bil), albumin (ALB), iron (Fe), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), and inflammatory marker C-reactive protein (CRP)-in blood sera obtained at 15, 60, and 120 minutes after caffeinated coffee intake, in relation to the fasting point. The study participants were 33 young, healthy, nonsmoking volunteers (15 men, 18 women) aged 19-29 years. PRL concentrations significantly decreased (p < 0.05) after consumption, except at time point 15' in men (p > 0.05). In women, FRAP levels significantly increased over time, and significant changes were also observed for UA at 120' and ALB at 15'. In men, significant changes were found for levels of AOPP at 15', T-Bil and ALB at 15', iron at 60' and 120', and calcium at 120'. There were no significant differences in the levels of other examined parameters between the defined time points. In conclusion, the substances contained in caffeinated coffee decrease the level of prolactin and may also have an impact on selected parameters of oxidative stress, which could be the basis of future research focused on the identification of new therapeutic targets.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Café , Adulto , Produtos da Oxidação Avançada de Proteínas/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Bilirrubina/metabolismo , Cálcio/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Ferro , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo , Prolactina/metabolismo , Ácido Úrico , Adulto Jovem
11.
Gen Physiol Biophys ; 41(4): 309-318, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35938964

RESUMO

Selenium enhances the cellular antioxidant capacity and alleviates oxidative stress. We investigated the transcriptional and enzymatic activities of selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase 1 and thioredoxin reductase 1 (TrxR1), and levels of glutathione, hydrogen peroxide, lipid peroxides, and protein carbonyls in primary passage 5 (P5) and senescent passage 25 (P25) and 30 (P30) fibroblasts. Cells were incubated in either standard Dulbecco growth medium (CM1) containing normal plasma selenium levels (0.8 µmol/l), or in CM2, CM3, and CM4 containing 3 µmol/l (5 µmol/l for TrxR1) sodium selenite, L-hydroxyselenomethionine, or Se-methylselenocysteine, respectively. Gene transcripts and activities of both investigated enzymes as well as the levels of reduced glutathione were significantly increased in CM2-, CM3-, and CM4-incubated senescent P25 and P35 cells compared against those incubated in CM1. In congruence, although all oxidative stress parameters including oxidized glutathione were significantly lower in CM2-, CM3-, and CM4-incubated senescent cells compared against those incubated in CM1, such reductions were of significantly higher magnitude in CM3 and CM4 cells compared against those in CM2. In conclusion, organic L-hydroxyselenomethionine and Se-methylselenocysteine are equally more potent at alleviating oxidative stress in senescent cells than inorganic sodium selenite, and thus could be beneficial for use in elderly subjects and those with oxidative stress-associated disease.


Assuntos
Selênio , Idoso , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Fibroblastos , Glutationa/metabolismo , Glutationa Peroxidase/genética , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Humanos , Estresse Oxidativo , Selênio/farmacologia , Selenito de Sódio/farmacologia , Tiorredoxina Redutase 1/metabolismo
12.
Food Res Int ; 159: 111666, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35940775

RESUMO

Selenium (Se)-enriched green tea (Se-Te) has been recognized as a possible source of Se supplements, while the effect of Se enrichment on function of polyphenols in green tea is still unclear. In this study, a pseudo-targeted metabolomics strategy was carried out to reveal the regulatory mechanism of polyphenols extracted from Se-Te and regular green tea (Re-Te) on inflammatory response at cellular level. A novel analysis strategy using UHPLC/ESI Q-Orbitrap combined with MS-IOP was applied to profile the dynamic changes of metabolites in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages during polyphenols incubation. A total of 128 characteristic variables (VIP > 1, p < 0.05) were screened in Se-Te group and the results of bioinformatics analysis and quantitative research indicated that in addition to the 6 conventional immune protective pathways involved in tea polyphenols, Se-enriched polyphenols were also participated in 3 unique antioxidant enzyme activation pathways, including phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis, phenylalanine metabolism and pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis. The result of weight calculation based on topological analysis indicated that the promoting synthesis of antioxidant enzymes was the main mechanism of Se-Te polyphenols to inhibit inflammation. However, compared with Re-Te group, the intracellular B vitamin pathway in Se-Te group was disturbed, which is related to the fact that Se supplementation can promote the synthesis of selenoprotein and catalyze the reduction of thioredoxin by NADPH, thus blocking the signaling pathways of B vitamins. This study comprehensively explored the immune protective mechanism of polyphenols extracted from Se-Te and Re-Te under natural growth conditions, which could give a better understanding of the potential nutritional value of Se-Te as a widely used Se supplement.


Assuntos
Camellia sinensis , Selênio , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Camellia sinensis/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Metabolômica , Camundongos , Fenóis/metabolismo , Fenóis/farmacologia , Fenilalanina/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Polifenóis/metabolismo , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Selênio/metabolismo , Selênio/farmacologia , Chá/metabolismo
13.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 186: 232-241, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926283

RESUMO

Accumulation of noxious elements in the edible part of crops and its impact on food safety is of increasing concern. Rice is one of the major staple food crops worldwide, including arsenic (As)-polluted areas, in which dietary As exposure is becoming a widespread health threat. Plant chemical priming has been shown to be an effective strategy to enhance tolerance to environmental stresses, including metal(loid) exposure. The priming effect of ascorbic acid (AsA) was assessed in rice seedlings exposed to As(V) in a hydroponics experiment. AsA treatment (co-addition to the growing media concomitantly (t0) or 24 h in advance (t24)) prevented an excessive accumulation of As in the roots (that decreased âˆ¼ 60%) and stimulated the activities of photosynthetic and antioxidant attributes (∼1.2-fold) in the aerial part of the plants. The increase in proline levels in both shoots (∼2.1-fold) and roots (∼2.4-fold) was found to be the most sensitive stress parameter, and was able to reflect the AsA-induced reduction of As toxic effects (concentrations back to Control levels, both simultaneously added or added as a pretreatment) in the aerial part of the plants. However, the phytotoxic effects related to As exposure were not fully prevented by priming with AsA, and further research is needed to find alternative priming approaches.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Oryza , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Arsênio/toxicidade , Ácido Ascórbico/farmacologia , Oryza/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Plântula/metabolismo
15.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0271269, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35917314

RESUMO

Fungal infection causes deterioration, discoloration, and loss of nutritional values of food products. The use of lactic acid bacteria has diverse applications in agriculture to combat pathogens and to improve the nutritional values of cereal grains. The current research evaluated the potential of Loigolactobacillus coryniformis BCH-4 against aflatoxins producing toxigenic Aspergillus flavus strain. The cell free supernatant (CFS) of Loig. coryniformis was used for the protection of Zea mays L. treated with A. flavus. No fungal growth was observed even after seven days. The FT-IR spectrum of untreated (T1: without any treatment) and treated maize grains (T2: MRS broth + A. flavus; T3: CFS + A. flavus) showed variations in peak intensities of functional group regions of lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates. Total phenolics, flavonoid contents, and antioxidant activity of T3 were significantly improved in comparison with T1 and T2. Aflatoxins were not found in T3 while observed in T2 (AFB1 and AFB2 = 487 and 16 ng/g each). HPLC analysis of CFS showed the presence of chlorogenic acid, p-coumaric acid, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, caffeic acid, sinapic acid, salicylic acid, and benzoic acid. The presence of these acids in the CFS of Loig. coryniformis cumulatively increased the antioxidant contents and activity of T3 treated maize grains. Besides, CFS of Loig. coryniformis was passed through various treatments (heat, neutral pH, proteolytic enzymes and catalase), to observe its stability. It suggested that the inhibitory potential of CFS against A. flavus was due to the presence of organic acids, proteinaceous compounds and hydrogen peroxide. Conclusively, Loig. coryniformis BCH-4 could be used as a good bioprotecting agent for Zea mays L. by improving its nutritional and antioxidant contents.


Assuntos
Aflatoxinas , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica , Aflatoxinas/análise , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Aspergillus flavus/metabolismo , Lactobacillus , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Zea mays/metabolismo
16.
Genet Res (Camb) ; 2022: 1792977, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35919037

RESUMO

Background: Oxidative stress is an important cause of liver disease and atherosclerosis. Natural substances with antioxidant activity are good drugs for treating liver disease and atherosclerosis. Trichosanthes kirilowii Peel Polysaccharide (TKPP) can remove DPPH (2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) free radicals and hydroxyl free radicals in vitro, which shows antioxidant activity. Therefore, it is speculated that it can protect human hepatoma cell line (HepG2) and umbilical artery smooth muscle cell (HUASMC) against oxidative damage by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Methods: Oxidative damage cell models of HepG2 and HUASMC were induced by H2O2. HepG2 and HUASMC were divided into blank group, H2O2 injury group, TKPP treatment group, and glutathione (GSH) positive control group. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) was used to detect cell viability. The level of total GSH and the amount of Nitric oxide (NO) secreted by cells were detected by specific kits. The gene and protein expressions of catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were detected by fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western Blot. Results: In these two kinds of cells, compared with the control group, the survival rate, total GSH level, and NO secretion, CAT and SOD gene and protein expressions were significantly decreased in the H2O2 damaged group. In the TKPP treatment group, the cell survival rate was significantly elevated with the increase of the polysaccharide concentration, and the total GSH level, NO secretion, CAT and SOD gene expression, and protein expression levels were also significantly increased. Conclusion: TKPP can improve the activities of HepG2 and HUASMC cells damaged by H2O2 and protect the cellular antioxidant system.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Trichosanthes , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Glutationa/metabolismo , Glutationa/farmacologia , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/farmacologia , Trichosanthes/metabolismo
17.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 38(10): 173, 2022 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35920928

RESUMO

Poly-γ­glutamic acid (γ­PGA) produced by Bacillus species is a natural biopolymer, which is widely used in various fields including food, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics. In this study, the screening of 19 Bacillus isolates derived from traditionally fermented foods revealed that Bacillus velezensis VCN56 was the most potent γ­PGA producer. The maximum concentration of crude γ­PGA was 32.9 ± 1.5 g/L in the PGA-3 medium containing glycerol, citric acid, sodium glutamate, NH4Cl, and starch. The resulting γ-PGA was purified and then characterized by HPLC, FTIR, and 1H-NMR analyses. Molecular weight of purified γ­PGA was estimated to be 98 kDa with a polydisperse index of 2.04. Notably, the pure γ­PGA showed significant in vitro antioxidant scavenging activities against 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (72.0 ± 1.5%), hydroxyl (81.0 ± 0.6%), and superoxide (43.9 ± 0.8%) radicals at the concentration of 4 mg/mL. Using whole-genome sequencing, the genetic organization of pgs operon responsible for γ­PGA biosynthesis in B. velezensis VCN56 differs from those in other Bacillus genomes. Further genome analysis revealed metabolic pathways for γ-PGA production and degradation. For the first time, the present study provides a better understanding of γ-PGA with a promising antioxidant activity produced by B. velezensis at the phenotypic, biochemical, and genomic levels, which hold potential applications in the foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical industries.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Bacillus , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Bacillus/genética , Bacillus/metabolismo , Ácido Glutâmico/metabolismo , Ácido Poliglutâmico/análogos & derivados , Ácido Poliglutâmico/química
18.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 1958939, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35924274

RESUMO

An anthraquinone textile dye, Reactive Blue 4 (RB4), poses environmental health hazards. In this study, remediation of RB4 (30-110 ppm) was carried out by hairy roots (HRs). UV-visible spectroscopy and FTIR analysis showed that the dye undergoes decolourization followed by degradation. In addition, toxicity and safety analyses of the bioremediated dye were performed on Allium cepa and zebrafish embryos, which revealed lesser toxicity of the bioremediated dye as compared to untreated dye. For Allium cepa, the highest concentration, i.e., 110 ppm of the treated dye, showed less chromosomal aberrations with a mitotic index of 8.5 ± 0.5, closer to control. Two-fold decrease in mortality of zebrafish embryos was observed at the highest treated dye concentration indicating toxicity mitigation. A higher level of lipid peroxidation (LPO) was recorded in the zebrafish embryo when exposed to untreated dye, suggesting a possible role of oxidative stress-inducing mortality of embryos. Further, the level of LPO was significantly normalized along with the other antioxidant enzymes in embryos after dye bioremediation. At lower concentrations, mitigated samples displayed similar antioxidant activity comparable to control underlining the fact that the dye at lesser concentration can be more easily degraded than the dye at higher concentration.


Assuntos
Corantes , Helianthus , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Corantes/metabolismo , Helianthus/metabolismo , Cebolas , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Têxteis , Triazinas , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
19.
Klin Lab Diagn ; 67(7): 374-380, 2022 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35924767

RESUMO

Pelvic venous disorder (PVD) in women is a polyetiological multifactorial disease characterized by a high prevalence (up to 80%), a high risk of infertility, and a progressive recurrent course. Morphological changes of the venous bed occur in PVD, contributing to retrograde blood flow and pelvic phlebohypertension. It is occur due to dynamic hypervolemia and hypertension long-term exposure on the venous wall. However, PVD pathogenesis analysis only from venous hemodynamic disorders position does not explain all mechanisms of the disease development and does not contribute to the treatment measures effectiveness. Currently oxidative stress reactions are considered as the most important markers of the pathological process. The aim of our work was a comparative analysis of lipid peroxidation-antioxidant defense component changes in the peripheral and regional blood flow in women with primary pelvic venous disorder depending on the disease stage. The study involved 137 women of reproductive age (mean age 37.4±9.1 years old) with diagnosed primary PVD divided into 3 groups according to the pathological process stages (stages I, II, III). Data from 30 practically healthy women (mean age 33.5±6.3 years old) were used as controls. Spectrophotometric, fluorometric, immunoassay and statistical methods were used. In patients with PVD stage I in peripheral bloodstream were higher values of SOD and GPO activity; in the regional bloodstream were higher levels of TBARs, SOD, catalase, GPO and lower GSH. In PVD stage II the peripheral bloodstream showed elevated levels of DC, GSH and SOD reduced levels; the regional bloodstream showed higher levels of DC, TBARs, GPO and GSH reduced levels relative to controls. PVD stage III was characterized by: higher levels of DC and TBARs and lower levels of SOD and GSH in the peripheral bloodstream; higher levels of DC, TBARs and lower levels of GSH and catalase in the regional bloodstream compared with control. Thus, the results of our study showed no significant differences in the LPO-AOD system between peripheral and regional bloodstreams in patients with PVD depending on the disease stage. However, negative changes in the redox balance in the regional bloodstream were earlier and were already registered at the first stage of the disease. It is likely that control of antioxidant insufficiency in patients with PVD should be an important component of preventive measures in the early stages and pathogenetic treatment in the pathological process progression, particularly in stage III of the disease.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Superóxido Dismutase , Adulto , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Catalase , Feminino , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Humanos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Substâncias Reativas com Ácido Tiobarbitúrico/análise
20.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 7896371, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35910841

RESUMO

The period circadian regulator 2 (Per2) gene is important for the modulations of rhythmic homeostasis in the gut and liver; disruption will cause metabolic diseases, such as obesity, diabetes, and fatty liver. Herein, we investigated the alterations in intestinal metabolic and hepatic functions in Per2 knockout (Per2 -/-, KO) and wild-type (Per2 +/+, WT) mice. Growth indices, intestinal metabolomics, hepatic circadian rhythms, lipid metabolism, inflammation-related genes, antioxidant capacity, and transcriptome sequencing were performed after euthanasia. Data indicated that KO decreased the intestinal concentrations of amino acids such as γ-aminobutyric acid, aspartic acid, glycine, L-allothreonine, methionine, proline, serine, and valine while it increased the concentrations of carbohydrates such as cellobiose, D-talose, fucose, lyxose, and xylose compared with WT. Moreover, the imbalance of intestinal metabolism further seemed to induce liver dysfunction. Data indicated that Per2 knockout altered the expression of hepatic circadian rhythm genes, such as Clock, Bmal1, Per1, Per3, Cry1, and Cry2. KO also induced hepatic lipid metabolism, because of the increase of liver index and serum concentrations of low-density lipoprotein, and the upregulated expression of Pparα, Cyp7a1, and Cpt1. In addition, KO improved hepatic antioxidant capacity due to the increase activities of SOD and GSH-Px and the decrease in concentrations of MDA. Lastly, KO increased the relative expression levels of hepatic inflammation-related genes, such as Il-1ß, Il-6, Tnf-α, Myd88, and Nf-κB p65, which may potentially lead to hepatic inflammation. Overall, Per2 knockout induces gut metabolic dysregulation and may potentially trigger alterations in hepatic antioxidant and inflammation responses.


Assuntos
Relógios Circadianos , Proteínas Circadianas Period , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Relógios Circadianos/fisiologia , Ritmo Circadiano/genética , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Proteínas Circadianas Period/genética , Proteínas Circadianas Period/metabolismo
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