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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35682114

RESUMO

According to attachment theory, the quality of the early child-parent bond determines the child's interpersonal relationships later in life. Utilising data from The First Experimental Study of Transference Work-In Teenagers (FEST-IT), the current paper investigated the connection between the self-reported quality of bonding with mother and father and the self-reported importance of relationships with friends and siblings in adolescents with depression. The scales employed were the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) and the Adolescent Relationship scale (ARS). A Pearson's correlation tested the relationship between the reported levels of maternal and paternal care and control, and the reported importance of friendship and relationship with siblings. Results revealed a statistically significant negative correlation between high levels of maternal control and importance of friendship, and a statistically significant positive correlation between high levels of paternal care and importance of relationships with siblings. The results are in line with Bowlby's theory of attachment.


Assuntos
Amigos , Irmãos , Adolescente , Depressão/epidemiologia , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Apego ao Objeto , Relações Pais-Filho
3.
BMC Psychol ; 10(1): 145, 2022 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35676701

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Smartphone use has become a pervasive aspect of youth daily life today. Immersive engagement with apps and features on the smartphone may lead to intimate and affectionate human-device relationships. The purpose of this research is to holistically dissect the ranked order of the various dimensions of college students' attachment to the smartphones through the by-person factorial analytical power of Q methodology. METHODS: Inspired by extant research into diverse aspects of human attachment to the smartphones, a concourse of 50 statements pertinent to the functional, behavioral, emotional and psychological dimensions of human-smartphone attachment were pilot tested and developed. A P sample of 67 participants completed the Q sort based on respective subjective perceptions and self-references. Data was processed utilizing the open-source Web-based Ken-Q Analysis software in detecting the main factorial structure. RESULTS: Five distinct factor (persona) exemplars were identified illustrating different pragmatic, cognitive and attitudinal approaches to smartphone engagement. They were labeled mainstream users, disciplined conventionalists, casual fun-seekers, inquisitive nerds, and sentient pragmatists in response to their respective psycho-behavioral traits. There were clear patterns of similarity and divergence among the five personas. CONCLUSION: The typological diversity points to the multiplicate nature of human-smartphone attachment. Clusters of cognitive, behavioral and habitual patterns in smartphone engagement driving each persona may be a productive area of exploration in future research in exploring their respective emotional and other outcomes. The concurrent agency of nomophobia and anthropomorphic attribution is an intriguing line of academic inquiry.


Assuntos
Apego ao Objeto , Smartphone , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Análise Fatorial , Saúde Holística , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Q-Sort , Adulto Jovem
4.
Rev. SPAGESP ; 23(1): 5-13, jan.-jun. 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1356766

RESUMO

RESUMO O mundo vive um tempo de mudanças catastróficas. Um tempo de mortes, violência, pobreza, degradação ambiental, exploração econômica e genocídio. As mais diversas esferas da vida demonstram que muito antes e além da pandemia o mundo já exigia transformações sociais profundas. Utilizaremos aqui dados estatísticos sobre a Educação e sobre a violência vivida pelos povos originários, os afrodescendentes e outros grupos marginalizados para propor o enfrentamento dessa situação. As concepções originais de líderes indígenas brasileiros apontam um caminho possível.


ABSTRACT The world is in a time of catastrophic change. It is a time of death, violence, poverty, environmental degradation, economic exploitation, and genocide. Long before and beyond the pandemic, the diverse spheres of life demonstrate that the world already demanded profound social transformations. Here, we will use statistical data on Education and violence experienced by native peoples, Afro-descendants, and other marginalized groups, to propose how to confront this situation. The original conceptions of Brazilian indigenous leaders point to a possible path.


RESUMEN El mundo se encuentra en una época de cambios catastróficos. Una época de muerte, violencia, pobreza, degradación ambiental, explotación económica y genocidio. Los más diversos ámbitos de la vida demuestran que mucho antes y más allá de la pandemia, el mundo ya exigía profundas transformaciones sociales. Aquí, utilizaremos datos estadísticos sobre Educación y sobre la violencia vivida por los pueblos originarios, afrodescendientes y otros grupos marginados, para proponer cómo enfrentar esta situación. Las concepciones originales de los líderes indígenas brasileños apuntan a un camino posible.


Assuntos
Humanos , Psicanálise , Violência , Adaptação Psicológica , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano , Pandemias , Genocídio , Povos Indígenas , Apego ao Objeto
5.
J Interpers Violence ; 37(11-12): NP9249-NP9276, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35610949

RESUMO

Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been examined from a range of theoretical perspectives, including attachment theory, with the aim of assessing psychosocial risk factors. Previous research has shown that a child's exposure to violence in the family is a major predictor of IPV victimization later in life. Furthermore, research on abused and traumatized adult samples has shown high frequencies of unresolved/disorganized attachment styles. In particular, disorganized attachment is associated with major problems of affect regulation and deficits in mentalizing ability. The present research had three aims: (a) to assess the childhood traumatic experiences of female victims of IPV; (b) to investigate and identify the attachment patterns of female victims of IPV; and (c) to examine reflective functioning and prementalistic modes in female victims of IPV, in relation to attachment and trauma. A sample of 31 women, recruited through anti-violence centers, were administered the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) and the Reflective Functioning Questionnaire. The Complex Trauma Questionnaire and the Reflective Functioning Scale (RFS) were also applied to the AAI transcripts. Interviews were audio recorded and transcribed verbatim. Coding was conducted by two trained coders and certified as reliable for the AAI and RFS. Clinicians completed the Modes of Mentalization Scale (MMS) to assess participants' mentalization style. The data showed a high percentage of women with insecure attachment and lower reflective functioning. The results are discussed in terms of their clinical and theoretical implications-particularly their application to psycho-forensics, through the development of preventive programs and interventions for IPV. Efforts to understand the etiology of IPV and to intervene to prevent recidivism are fundamental in reducing this public health threat.


Assuntos
Bullying , Vítimas de Crime , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Mentalização , Adulto , Experiências Adversas da Infância , Criança , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Apego ao Objeto , Violência
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35627430

RESUMO

Desistance from crime is a popular topic in global criminological research; however, few studies have focused on desistance among delinquent youth, particularly in non-Western societies. This study extends the current knowledge by examining pathways of youth desistance in Hong Kong. Thirty delinquent youth and six parent-child dyads were interviewed, and the study found that filial piety significantly impacts the process of youth desistance. Three main forms of social capital were closely associated with youth desistance: the revival of reciprocal family bonding, the presence of a prosocial role model, and religious bonding. An interactive model was constructed to illustrate the seven stages of desistance and highlight the key elements for successful desistance among youth delinquents in Hong Kong.


Assuntos
Crime , Apego ao Objeto , Logro , Adolescente , China , Humanos
7.
Lakartidningen ; 1192022 05 24.
Artigo em Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35611467

RESUMO

Attachment theory and research show that a patient's attachment pattern, shaped in close relationships, affects A) the ability to describe symptoms in a structured and detailed manner, and B) the ability to trust physicians' conclusions and concerns. If physicians are observant of patients' unstructured, intense or avoidant communication during consultation, they can adjust their communication accordingly and avoid misunderstandings and excessive health care consumption. A patient with insecure ambivalent attachment needs initial empathic listening, whereas a patient with insecure avoidant attachment benefits from a respectful distance. Since insecure attachment is associated with lack of trust combined with difficulties understanding own psychical and psychological symptoms, physicians need to fill in the gaps more carefully than usual. Understanding attachment theory will be of help and is discussed in the article.


Assuntos
Apego ao Objeto , Confiança , Humanos
8.
J Clin Anesth ; 80: 110795, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35489303

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to assess the association between the use of epidural analgesia during labor and mother-infant bonding. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: Maternity ward at Soroka University Medical Center during 2020. PATIENTS: Women who delivered a singleton live-born infant vaginally in their immediate post-partum period. INTERVENTIONS: Women completed questionnaires. 25 items post-partum bonding questionnaire (PBQ) to assess mother-infant bonding (A high score on the PBQ indicates impaired mother-infant bonding) and the Edinburgh postnatal depression scale (EPDS) questionnaire to assess risk for post-partum depression. MEASUREMENTS: The study used PBQ questionnaire and four sub-scales to assess mother-infant bonding and the EPDS questionnaire to assess risk for post- partum depression. Generalized linear regression models (gamma) were constructed to examine the association between epidural analgesia and mother-infant bonding total score and impaired bonding sub- scale, while adjusting for confounders Additional information such as pregnancy complications and sociodemographic data was drawn from women's medical records. MAIN RESULTS: A total of 234 women were included in the final analysis, of them 126 (53.8%) delivered with epidural analgesia. The total PBQ score was significantly lower among women who received epidural analgesia compared to women without epidural analgesia (7.6 vs. 10.2, p = 0.024), demonstrating a better mother -infant bonding. Using two multivariable linear regression models, controlling for confounders such as maternal age and educational status, epidural analgesia during labor was independently associated with a better mother -infant bonding total score and better impaired bonding sub-scale score (Beta coefficient-0.252, 95% CI -0.5; -0.006, p = 0.045 and Beta coefficient - 0.34, 95% CI -0.52; -0.08, p = 0.01 for mother-infant bonding total score and sub-scale score, respectively). No differences in post-partum depression risks were found between the groups (EDPS≥13, 5.7% vs. 13%, p = 0.058). CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated better mother -infant bonding among women delivering with epidural analgesia.


Assuntos
Analgesia Epidural , Depressão Pós-Parto , Analgesia Epidural/efeitos adversos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Mães , Apego ao Objeto , Gravidez
9.
J Am Psychoanal Assoc ; 70(1): 39-76, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35451321

RESUMO

This contemporary Kleinian memoir explores the possible existence of an intrapsychic, adoption-specific preoedipal triad including child, birth mother, and adoptive mother that can shape the emerging mind. As an intrapsychic construct, the adoption triad comes to exist in the infantile mind, requiring that adoptees contend with four additional part-object maternal representations: a villain (bad birth mother), a victim (good birth mother), a rescuer (good adoptive other), and a thief (bad adoptive mother). The psychic complexities of this possible adoption triad are explored, with an eye to how it might illuminate the psychosocial challenges experienced by some adoptees, including dysregulated behavior, rage, dissociation, and shame. To this end, Bion's ideas regarding presymbolic, nondefensive communication and Winnicott's understanding of use of the object are invoked. Expanding the preoedipal paradigm of adoption to include the possibility of an intrapsychic, adoption-specific maternal triad can enhance our understanding of the psychology of adoption, as well as highlight the need to consider the ways in which internal objects can exist simultaneously in both dyadic and triadic paradigms.


Assuntos
Adoção , Mães , Adoção/psicologia , Criança , Comunicação , Feminino , Humanos , Apego ao Objeto
10.
J Exp Child Psychol ; 221: 105433, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35447426

RESUMO

Research in developmental psychology has robustly documented positive associations between parent-child attachment security and the child's self-regulation (SR). This study of 102 community mothers, fathers, and infants contributes to that research by examining the role of attachment security, observed at 15 months using the Attachment Q-Set, as a predictor of two distinct aspects of self-regulation at 67 months: executive functioning (SR-EF), observed in abstract Stroop-like tasks (Day/Night & Snow/Grass and Tapping), and parent-related (SR-PR), observed within the context of the parent-child relationship in response to the mother's (SR-MR) and father's (SR-FR) requests and prohibitions. We also examined child anger proneness, observed at 7 months, as a moderator of those associations. In both mother-child and father-child dyads, child security predicted SR-EF; More secure children performed better in executive functioning tasks. In mother-child dyads, security also predicted SR-MR, but the effect was qualified by the interaction of security and anger proneness, such that the effect was significant only for highly anger-prone children. The effect reflected differential susceptibility: Compared with lower-anger peers, highly anger-prone children developed worse SR-MR if their security was low, but they developed better SR-MR if their security was high. The findings highlight the benefits of a nuanced approach to self-regulation, considering child individuality as interacting with security and examining processes in both mother-child and father-child dyads.


Assuntos
Apego ao Objeto , Autocontrole , Ira , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Relações Mãe-Filho , Mães/psicologia , Relações Pais-Filho
11.
BMC Psychol ; 10(1): 89, 2022 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35379363

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Literature data about emotion perception in patients with borderline personality disorders (BPD) revealed some discrepancies between some patients that are vigilant and accurate to detect their emotional environment and others that are impaired at identifying emotions of others. Even if some links between childhood adversity and facial affect recognition have been established, there is a need to understand the heterogeneous psychobiological mechanisms underlying this association. The aim is to distinguish in a BPD sample, the links between facial emotion recognition (FER) and adversity types (maltreatment and parental bonding), by evaluating two dimensions of disengaged and controlling environment. METHOD: The study includes BPD adolescents (n = 45) and healthy controls (HC, n = 44): two scores of disengaged environment (parental low care; emotional and physical neglect) and controlling environment (high level of parenting control; emotional, physical and sexual abuse) were established and correlated to FER, as well as to attachment dimensions. Multiple linear regression analyzes were conducted to evaluate the effect of disengaged and controlling dimensions, on FER scores of sensitivity and accuracy, including anxious and avoidant attachment as covariables. RESULTS: Analyzes revealed that a disengaged environment was positively correlated to sensitivity in BPD patients, and the correlation was negative in the HC group. Controlling environment was negatively associated to accuracy of emotion in BPD. Avoidant and anxious attachment did not influence these associations. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that distinct adverse experiences account for the heterogeneity observed in emotion regulation in BPD patients.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline , Regulação Emocional , Adolescente , Ansiedade , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/psicologia , Emoções , Humanos , Apego ao Objeto
12.
BMC Prim Care ; 23(1): 96, 2022 04 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35488203

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Telemedicine applications are becoming more accepted and offer great potential to support physicians and patients. However, there is an increasing need for research, especially in personal predictors that determine the interest and use of telemedicine and e-health applications. This study aims to identify if attachment and patient activation are potential predictors of the interest in and the use of e-health applications in primary care patients. METHODS: We used data from the cross-sectional observational Weimar TelMed study on 192 patients treated by general practitioners from a practice of family medicine in Thuringia, the middle of Germany. The adult attachment was measured using the ECR-RD12 and patient activation with the PAM-13D. Multiple regression analysis by the General Linear Model was used to evaluate the association between attachment, patient activation, and interest in and use of e-health applications. RESULTS: Patient activation was associated with a higher interest in e-health care. The attachment dimension avoidance was a potential predictor of interest in e-health and e-health-care use. CONCLUSION: Adult attachment is an essential predictor of different ways of healthcare use. While avoidant patients evade contact with general practitioners, self-determined access via e-health seems to improve the health care of these patients. A personalized view might be a basis for the evaluation of individual approaches in Primary Care.


Assuntos
Participação do Paciente , Telemedicina , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Apego ao Objeto , Atenção Primária à Saúde
13.
Psychiatr Danub ; 34(1): 3-10, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35467604

RESUMO

Love is a delicate experience that delves into the foundations of the psyche, and many sources of the emotional experience of love remain unconscious. The nature of love is twofold and contradictory, regressive and progressive, constructive and destructive, connecting and separating, directed toward the object and the self. The ability to idealize is a precondition for "falling in love". Abrupt disappointments can be traumatizing, but gradual ones include the work of mourning and may lead to a more authentic relationship that is less obscured by narcissistic needs. Some aspects of projective identification, which can be a defense, a primitive form of object relation, and a path for psychological change, may be present in all forms of love. These are the close interaction of self and object, blurred boundaries between them, the need that the other person feels what one feels, and a strong desire to continue the relationship. A therapeutic setting can enable the long-term transformation of love in transference and more mature expressions of love in life. The maturation of narcissism is the hallmark of mature love. One of the prerequisites for mature love is a mature superego, which does not require suffering as a prerequisite for satisfying one's needs. Clear differentiation of the boundaries of the self enables safe (temporary) blurring or disappearing of its boundaries and satisfaction of needs for repetition of lost fusion with the primary object of love. Mature love also means the capacity for tolerating ambivalence, i.e., the capacity to integrate both love and hatred experiences of the same person. One can see love as a "glue" that helps integrate different aspects of the psyche into a harmonious whole.


Assuntos
Amor , Apego ao Objeto , Pesar , Humanos , Narcisismo
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35457605

RESUMO

This study examined the psychopathological and psychosocial risk profile and the quality of mother-infant interaction in 98 adolescent and young mother-infant dyads. At their infant's age of 3 months, mothers filled in a socio-demographic form and completed a test battery: EPDS for depression, STAY-I for anxiety, PSI-SF for parenting stress, MPSS for social support, AAI for maternal attachment and reflective functioning, CECA for adverse childhood experiences, Care-Index and Mind-mindedness coding system for mother-infant interaction. Results showed that motherhood in adolescence was associated with several psychosocial risk factors. Adolescent and young mothers have depression (25%), anxiety (29%) and insecure attachment (65%), with low reflective functioning, of whom 18% have disorganized attachment. A total of 54% of the mothers had at least one adverse childhood experience. Furthermore, adolescent mothers had low sensitivity and mind-mindedness and high intrusiveness, and their infant had low responsiveness and high passive behaviors. Mothers under 18 have experienced more sexual abuse, are more likely to be single and have been followed by child social services more than mothers aged 18-21. Adolescent mothers have a high-risk psychopathological and psychosocial profile that affects their ability to mentalize and build an adequate relationship with the child. It appears to be important to support the adolescent mother-child relationship.


Assuntos
Mentalização , Mães , Adolescente , Transtornos de Ansiedade , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Apego ao Objeto
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35409531

RESUMO

This study explores the impact of parent-child attachment mechanisms on adversarial growth among Chinese students. After Chinese college students start independent life away from their parents, they face adversity on their own. However, their original family always influences students' methods for dealing with adversity and how they grow and mature. A survey of 364 college students found that parental trust and communication have positive impacts on adversarial growth through the improvement of self-identity, while parental alienation reduces self-identity and contributes negative effects on the adversarial growth of college students. Internal control personality has a negative moderating effect between parental trust, parental communication, and adversarial growth and a positive moderating effect between parental alienation and adversarial growth. Low internal control personality therefore has a positive influence on parental trust and communication on adversarial growth and decreases the negative influence of parental alienation. A substitution effect between internal control personality and parental attachment was also found. Different child personality requires different type of parent-child attachment relationship to maximize their ability to handle future adversity.


Assuntos
Relações Pais-Filho , Estudantes , Comunicação , Humanos , Apego ao Objeto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Confiança
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35409754

RESUMO

Adolescents' depressive social withdrawal is a relevant concern for mental health professionals, and it is widespread among community teenagers in form of subclinical symptoms. Different studies suggest that insecure attachment representations increase the adolescents' likelihood to show symptoms of withdrawal (e.g., loneliness). This study explored the effect of the general attachment internal working model (IWM) and the independent and cumulative effects of the specific attachment representations of parents-in terms of secure base/safe haven-and peers on adolescents' withdrawal. Additionally, the mediation of peer attachment on the effect of parental attachment on symptoms was explored. All analyses were conducted controlling for the difference between teenagers living with parents together or divorced/separated, as children of divorcees are considered more exposed to stressors. Ninety-one adolescents aged 12-17 years old were assessed online during the COVID pandemic period, employing the Youth Self-Report to assess withdrawal and the Friends and Family Interview to assess attachment-general IWM and attachment-specific representations. Results show no influence of parents together/separated or of the general IWM on withdrawal, but higher parent secure base/safe haven and peer attachment cumulatively predicted 10-21% less withdrawal. Moreover, more positive peer attachment mediated 61% of the effect of the parental secure attachment on withdrawal, revealing an indirect effect of parental attachment on withdrawal through peer attachment. In conclusion, both parents and peers are influential on adolescent mental health, and fostering positive peer relationships can buffer the effect of dysfunctional family relationships on teenagers' withdrawal.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , COVID-19 , Adolescente , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial , Criança , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Apego ao Objeto , Relações Pais-Filho , Grupo Associado
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35457588

RESUMO

Emotional availability (EA) in parent-child interactions is associated with positive child outcomes, including attachment security. However, little is known about EA in adoptive families. This study investigated the associations between secure representations of attachment in adopted children and the adoptive parents' EA. The participants (n = 75) included 26 mothers, 23 fathers, and 26 children who were aged 3 to 9 years. Children completed the Attachment Story Completion Task. Adult-child dyadic relationships were assessed using the EA® System. The results showed that the children's and parents' EA, age when adopted, and time elapsed since adoption were associated with more secure children's attachment representations. Implications for family support and public policy are discussed.


Assuntos
Apego ao Objeto , Relações Pais-Filho , Adulto , Emoções , Relações Pai-Filho , Pai , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Relações Mãe-Filho
18.
Trials ; 23(1): 313, 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35428357

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Perinatal depression, especially minor depression, is common during pregnancy and is likely to continue into the postpartum period. It may impair the mother's health, the infant's neurodevelopment, and the mother-infant relationship. Screening for perinatal depression is recommended; however, there is no consensus on how to treat depressive symptoms while simultaneously supporting the mother-infant relationship. Ultrasound examination has been shown to improve maternal-fetal attachment among pregnant women. Our aim is to develop a four-dimensional (4D) based interactive ultrasound intervention and test whether it relieves minor depressive symptoms and improves maternal-fetal attachment. Previous studies show that supporting the mother-infant relationship aids in relieving maternal depression. Until now, few studies have combined pregnancy ultrasound and psychological support. METHODS: A controlled randomized setting was designed to assess whether interactive 4D-ultrasound intervention would decrease maternal depressive symptoms, strengthen maternal-fetal attachment, and mother-infant relationship. An obstetrician and a psychologist specialized in infant mental health conduct the interventions. The focus is to jointly observe the behavior of the fetus according to the mothers' wishes. Altogether, 100 women scoring 10-15 on Edinburgh Pre-/Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and with singleton pregnancy are recruited using a web-based questionnaire. Half of the participants will be randomized to the intervention group and will undergo three interactive ultrasound examinations. The primary outcomes are a decrease in perinatal depressive symptoms assessed with EPDS and an increase in maternal attachment. The maternal attachment was assessed using the Working Model of the Child Interview (WMCI), the Maternal Antenatal Attachment Scale (MAAS), and the Maternal Postnatal Attachment Scale (MPAS). Secondly, we hypothesize that if the intervention decreases prenatal depressive symptoms and improves prenatal attachment, the decrease in depressive symptoms and improvement in mother-infant relationship is seen postnatally. DISCUSSION: Ultrasound is widely used during pregnancy. The interactive approach is unique and may be feasible as part of routine screenings and maternity clinic visits. Intervention that decreases depression and simultaneously supports maternal-fetal attachment would be a valuable addition to the treatment of minor depression among pregnant women. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03424642 . Registered on January 5 2018.


Assuntos
Depressão Pós-Parto , Depressão , Mães , Depressão/diagnóstico por imagem , Depressão/terapia , Depressão Pós-Parto/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Apego ao Objeto , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
19.
Dev Psychol ; 58(4): 792-805, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35343722

RESUMO

Parents are known to provide a lasting basis for their children's social development. Understanding parent-driven socialization is particularly relevant in adolescence, as an increasing social independence is developed. However, the relationship between key parenting styles of care and control and the microlevel expression of daily-life social interactions has been insufficiently studied. Adolescent and young adult twins and their nontwin siblings (N = 635; mean age = 16.6; age range = 14.2-21.9; 58.6% female; 79.5% in or having completed higher secondary/tertiary education; 2.8% speaking language other than Dutch at home) completed the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) on parental care and control. Participants also completed a 6-day experience sampling period (10 daily beeps, mean compliance = 68.0%) to assess daily-life social interactions. Higher overall parental bonding quality (of both parents) related to more positive social experiences in daily life (e.g., belonging in company), but not to more social behaviors (e.g., being with others). Factor analysis indicated a three-factor structure of the PBI, with care, denial of psychological autonomy, and encouragement of behavioral freedom. Paternal care was uniquely predictive of better social experiences. These findings demonstrate how parenting styles may be uniquely associated with how adolescents experience their social world, with a potentially important role for fathers in particular. This complements the long-held idea of socialization through parenting by bringing it into the context of daily life and implies how both conceptualizations of social functioning and interventions aimed at alleviating social dysfunction might benefit from a stronger consideration of day-to-day social experiences. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Pais , Interação Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pai , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Apego ao Objeto , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
20.
BMC Psychol ; 10(1): 62, 2022 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35287741

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An insecure attachment style is an important risk factor for psychological problems. The aim of this study was to use Bartholomew and Horowitz's model (Bartholomew and Horowitz in J Pers Soc Psychol 61(2): 226, 2019) to test a sample of Italian individuals to determine the mediation role of loneliness and COVID-19-related anxiety symptoms in the relationship between attachment styles and mental health issues in the context of the pandemic. METHOD: A cross-sectional research study was conducted using a sample of 330 Italian participants (82.1% women; mean age = 34.3 years; SD = 13.16) who completed online self-reported measures of attachment styles (RQ), loneliness (RULS), COVID-19-related anxiety symptoms (C-19ASS) and mental health problems (GHQ-12). Serial mediation analyses were performed, and bootstrap tests were included. RESULTS: Our results supported the hypothesized model with respect to each attachment style (p < 0.001). In particular, insecure attachment styles predict mental health problems both directly and indirectly, through loneliness and COVID-19-related anxiety symptoms. In addition, loneliness directly influences mental health problems and also mediates the relationship between insecure attachment styles and COVID-19-related anxiety symptoms which, in turn, positively predict mental health problems. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings reinforce the importance of attachment in people's processes of adapting to experiences during the coronavirus pandemic. The study makes an important contribution to developing effective prevention and intervention strategies to support people's wellbeing in the context of the pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Solidão , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Apego ao Objeto , Pandemias
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