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1.
BMC Med Educ ; 23(1): 42, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658528

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Undergraduate medical curricula often fail to integrate experiential learning methodologies. Thus, a pilot series of interactive pathology lessons was designed and implemented in an attempt to promote experiential learning. METHODS: Thirty pre-graduate medical students voluntarily participated in the interactive study groups at the First Department of Pathology of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Medical School. A questionnaire was designed to investigate the satisfaction of students regarding their participation in pathology study groups and to identify the characteristics that shape students' perceptions of the foundations of medical education. Descriptive statistics (mean values) were used to describe the students' evaluations of the pathology study groups, and thematic analysis was conducted to investigate the data collected using open-ended questions. RESULTS: Interactions with the professor and the option of co-observing the slides using dual-view optical microscopes and virtual slides were each evaluated as "Excellent" by ≅ 95% of the students. Four overarching themes were identified regarding the core characteristics of medical education according to the students' perspectives: 1) educational background in medical education, 2) interaction with educators in medical education, 3) educational material in medical education and 4) assessment in medical education. CONCLUSIONS: The high rates of acceptance of the pathology study groups reflect the desire and need for active learning methodologies to be implemented in modern medical education. Nearly all the students mentioned the need for practical skill acquisition, the integration of theory into practice and ethics in medical education. The success of these optional pathology study groups highlights the need for similar modalities to be incorporated into the main medical education curriculum.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Educação Médica , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Currículo , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Educação de Graduação em Medicina/métodos
2.
BMC Med Educ ; 23(1): 44, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658530

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, flipped classes have emerged and become popular in college medical education. However, due to the huge medical learning system and the limited pre-class study time of students, it is difficult to implement in all courses. And then we adopted the semi-flipped classes (SFCs) to evaluate its teaching effect. This study analysed three educational methods that can be used in oral medicine courses: online education, offline education, and semi-flipped classes. METHODS: We used two surveys to evaluate the three educational methods. In the first survey 46 teachers and 238 undergraduates shared their experience of the live-streaming and traditional offline courses offered in the different oral medicine curricula; we used anonymous questionnaires to evaluate their class experience. In the second survey 94 students shared their experience of the semi-flipped and traditional classrooms. Students who attended the SFCs in the experimental group learned about the oral mucosa disease by themselves using an online video course and then participated in offline interaction with teachers. The evaluation of the above educational methods was conducted using the anonymous questionnaires and final exam assessment. RESULTS: According to the first survey, teachers and students both agreed that the overall teaching experience and learning effectiveness in offline education are superior to those in online education. According to the second survey, students who participated in the SFCs performed better in the final exam than those who participated in the simple offline classes. Additionally, the survey showed that the new teaching method helped students gain more knowledge and positively influenced their clinical practice. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with the online and offline educational methods, the SFC showed better results in both the questionnaire and final exam assessment. Hence, the effectiveness of medical education can be improved by adopting a teaching mode that combines online and offline teaching methods. Scientific and logical SFCs designs, along with their effective implementation, would eventually make SFCs an important tool for medical education.


Assuntos
Medicina Bucal , Humanos , Currículo , Aprendizagem , Estudantes , Escolaridade , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Ensino
3.
BMC Med Educ ; 23(1): 18, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36631816

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is increasing recognition of including social determinants of health (SDOH) in teaching for future doctors. However, the educational methods and the extent of integration into the curriculum vary considerably-this scoping review is aimed at how SDOH has been introduced into medical schools' curricula. METHODS: A systematic search was performed of six electronic databases, including PubMed, Education Source, Scopus, OVID (Medline), APA Psych Info, and ERIC. Articles were excluded if they did not cover the SDOH curriculum for medical students; were based on service-learning rather than didactic content; were pilot courses, or were not in English, leaving eight articles in the final study. RESULTS: The initial search yielded 654 articles after removing duplicates. In the first screening step, 588 articles were excluded after applying inclusion and exclusion criteria and quality assessment; we examined 66 articles, a total of eight included in the study. There was considerable heterogeneity in the content, structure and duration of SDOH curricula. Of the eight included studies, six were in the United States(U.S.), one in the United Kingdom (U.K.) and one in Israel. Four main conceptual frameworks were invoked: the U.S. Healthy People 2020, two World Health Organisation frameworks (The Life Course and the Michael Marmot's Social Determinants of Health), and the National Academic of Science, Engineering, and Medicine's (Framework For educating Health Professionals to Address the Social Determinants of Health). In general, programs that lasted longer appeared to perform better than shorter-duration programmes. Students favoured interactive, experiential-learning teaching methods over the traditional classroom-based teaching methods. CONCLUSION: The incorporation of well-structured SDOH curricula capturing both local specification and a global framework, combined with a combination of traditional and interactive teaching methods over extended periods, may be helpful in steps for creating lifelong learners and socially accountable medical school education.


Assuntos
Educação Médica , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde , Currículo , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas
4.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0280310, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36638127

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Embedding into undergraduate medical programs experiential research curricula, based on holistic theories of education which emphasize participation in the social world, remains uncommon. The purpose of this study was to investigate the journey of undergraduate medical students in relation to an innovative compulsory curriculum-based research module, which has a prominent experiential learning component. METHODS: A convergent mixed methods study design was adapted to develop a systemic understanding of the experience of the undergraduate medical students throughout the respective research module. As such, the students' perception of the experience was qualitatively explored using thematic analysis (n = 15). In parallel, the students' performance data were quantitatively analyzed using multi-repeated ANOVA (n = 158). The findings from both types of analyses (i.e., qualitative and quantitative study components) were then mapped onto each using joint display analysis. FINDINGS: The exploration generated four themes that correspond to sequential steps that the students go through to effectively integrate the scientific research method. These themes include: 1- Attend-Acquire, 2- Accumulate-Assimilate, 3- Apply-Appreciate, and 4-Articulate-Affect. Quantitatively, two distinct clusters of mean Grade Point Average were revealed (p<0.01). Joint display analysis enabled integrating the qualitative and quantitative findings, generating the 8A-Model. CONCLUSION: The evidence-driven 8A-Model, generated by this study, highlights that medical students' understanding of the true value of research seems to increase as they progress in the module. They begin expressing appreciation of the significance of the experience when they start implementing what they are learning as part of their own research studies. It is recommended for such a research module, with a firm experiential learning component, to be integral to undergraduate medical programs. This is expected to improve the future physicians' research competences, and in turn add value in terms of quality of care and patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Educação de Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Currículo , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Percepção
5.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0279554, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36689416

RESUMO

This study aims to compare the effectiveness of Hybrid and Pure problem-based learning (PBL) in teaching clinical reasoning skills to medical students. The study sample consisted of 99 medical students participating in a clerkship rotation at the Department of General Medicine, Chiba University Hospital. They were randomly assigned to Hybrid PBL (intervention group, n = 52) or Pure PBL group (control group, n = 47). The quantitative outcomes were measured with the students' perceived competence in PBL, satisfaction with sessions, and self-evaluation of competency in clinical reasoning. The qualitative component consisted of a content analysis on the benefits of learning clinical reasoning using Hybrid PBL. There was no significant difference between intervention and control groups in the five students' perceived competence and satisfaction with sessions. In two-way repeated measure analysis of variance, self-evaluation of competency in clinical reasoning was significantly improved in the intervention group in "recalling appropriate differential diagnosis from patient's chief complaint" (F(1,97) = 5.295, p = 0.024) and "practicing the appropriate clinical reasoning process" (F(1,97) = 4.016, p = 0.038). According to multiple comparisons, the scores of "recalling appropriate history, physical examination, and tests on clinical hypothesis generation" (F(1,97) = 6.796, p = 0.011), "verbalizing and reflecting appropriately on own mistakes," (F(1,97) = 4.352, p = 0.040) "selecting keywords from the whole aspect of the patient," (F(1,97) = 5.607, p = 0.020) and "examining the patient while visualizing his/her daily life" (F(1,97) = 7.120, p = 0.009) were significantly higher in the control group. In the content analysis, 13 advantage categories of Hybrid PBL were extracted. In the subcategories, "acquisition of knowledge" was the most frequent subcategory, followed by "leading the discussion," "smooth discussion," "getting feedback," "timely feedback," and "supporting the clinical reasoning process." Hybrid PBL can help acquire practical knowledge and deepen understanding of clinical reasoning, whereas Pure PBL can improve several important skills such as verbalizing and reflecting on one's own errors and selecting appropriate keywords from the whole aspect of the patient.


Assuntos
Medicina Geral , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/métodos , Resolução de Problemas , Aprendizagem
6.
J Anim Sci ; 1012023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36692203

RESUMO

With most of the student attrition occurring early in undergraduate educational programs (Braunstein et al., 1997) it is necessary to interest and motivate students early on. The demographics of animal science students have shifted to students with minimal background in food producing animals. This presents a unique challenge as the current student population represents a diverse array of backgrounds and prior experiences. As a result, students enroll in undergraduate animal science programs with various expectations for their undergraduate degree and a focus primarily on careers in veterinary medicine. To engage all students, interest and motivation need to be generated. This review will use motivational frameworks as outlined by the self-determination theory, expectancy value theory, and interest, to explain the impact of the proposed solutions. Active learning classroom strategies are linked to increased knowledge compared with traditional, passive classrooms (Wells et al., 2019). Active learning shifts from a traditional teaching model to a student-centered model, which transitions instructors to facilitators of learning. This review summarizes current proposed pedagogies that have been researched in animal science classrooms such as experiential learning, flipped classrooms, hands-on animal experience, undergraduate research experiences, mentorship opportunities, capstone experiences, service-learning experiences, team-based learning, and cooperative learning. The limitations of these proposed pedagogies and the future research needed are also discussed.


Animal science undergraduate curricula face the issue of motivating and interesting students from diversified backgrounds to meet the growing job market (Benson et al., 2020; Lugar & Stewart, 2019). Students are entering animal science majors with different expectations and values as explained by the expectancy-value theory, so higher education systems face the struggle of meeting diverse student interests while fulfilling required course content. One solution to this challenge is to generate interest and motivation through engaging students in student-centered spaces and creating autonomy, competence and relatedness as outlined by the self-determination theory (Ryan & Deci, 2020). This review examines current research available on different teaching pedagogies in animal science classroom and summarizes their impact. The reviewed pedagogies are possible strategies that institutions can utilize to meet this challenge and motivate students.


Assuntos
Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Estudantes , Animais , Humanos , Currículo
7.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1397: 79-94, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36522594

RESUMO

Anatomical education has a long and colourful history, ranging from the anatomical theatre and artistic flourish of the renaissance period to modern-day virtual reality. Over the centuries, the body has been taken apart and mapped in exquisite detail. We are now able to access virtual models of the body anywhere, anytime, which allow for unlimited dissection and manipulation. Despite this progress, the majority of anatomical educators continue to deliver anatomy in a laboratory setting, using hands-on learning approaches such as dissection of cadaveric material. These methods are robustly supported by educational theories, such as information processing theory and experiential learning but require students to be present in a dissection room with access to human cadaveric material.The 2020 COVID-19 pandemic forced anatomy educators out of familiar dissection laboratories and into unfamiliar and uncomfortable virtual environments. When moving online during the pandemic, active learning theories, which form the basis of face-to-face classes, were used to construct interactive anatomy webinars to replace the on-campus practical laboratory-based teaching. The focus of these webinars was on student interactivity, and visual content with drawing activities, breakout groups, virtual three-dimensional models, and identifying activities being integrated into each session. Student feedback showed an appreciation of the interactive nature of these sessions, and staff were surprised at how well the webinars delivered engaging and interactive teaching at a time of limited social contact. This approach was not only useful during the restrictions of a pandemic but could offer a complementary approach to delivering practical anatomy teaching as we return to blended and on-campus learning again.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Dissecação/educação , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Cadáver
8.
CBE Life Sci Educ ; 22(1): ar2, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36525283

RESUMO

Our understanding of how active learning affects different groups of students is still developing. One group often overlooked in higher education research is students with disabilities. Two of the most commonly occurring disabilities on college campuses are attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and specific learning disorders (SLD). We investigated how the incorporation of active-learning practices influences the learning and self-advocacy experiences of students with ADHD and/or SLD (ADHD/SLD) in undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) courses. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 25 STEM majors with ADHD/SLD registered with a campus disability resource center at a single university, and data were analyzed using qualitative methods. Participants described how they perceived active learning in their STEM courses to support or hinder their learning and how active learning affected their self-advocacy. Many of the active-learning barriers could be attributed to issues related to fidelity of implementation of a particular active-learning strategy and limited awareness of universal design for learning. Active learning was also reported to influence self-advocacy for some participants, and examples of self-advocacy in active-learning STEM courses were identified. Defining the supports and barriers perceived by students with ADHD/SLD is a crucial first step in developing more-inclusive active-learning STEM courses. Suggestions for research and teaching are provided.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade , Deficiências da Aprendizagem , Humanos , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Estudantes , Matemática , Tecnologia/educação
9.
Adv Physiol Educ ; 47(1): 82-92, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36476116

RESUMO

The current student body will, by and large, seek online resources to supplement their learning. However, resources that are freely available online vary in accuracy and quality, and the vast majority rely on passive learning. Therefore, there is a need for interactive physiology teaching resources that facilitate application of knowledge, that can be accessed by students in their own time. The aim of this study was to design a digital escape room on the topic of cardiac arrhythmias and to evaluate this resource as a consolidation exercise to support learning and enjoyment of physiology. The digital escape room was designed as a series of interactive puzzles and created with a website page builder on a freely accessible WordPress site. To facilitate engagement, the escape room incorporated a countdown timer. Second-year medical students were invited to play the digital escape room remotely as a group exercise after delivery of the relevant teaching. Evaluation of the resource took place quantitatively with Google Analytics and Tag Manager software and qualitatively with a questionnaire (Microsoft Forms). Quantitative evaluation suggested that the puzzles were created across a range of difficulties but that most groups were able to complete the exercise and remained engaged throughout. Student feedback suggests that the format of the resource was rated positively, and most participants felt that the game helped to consolidate and apply their knowledge of cardiovascular physiology. Future studies will focus on examining whether the cardiovascular-themed digital escape room improves knowledge attainment among students studying physiology in higher education.NEW & NOTEWORTHY This article describes the design and development of a new, freely accessible cardiovascular-themed digital escape room. This web-based resource promotes active learning by facilitating problem-solving and application of physiology knowledge while working against a clock.


Assuntos
Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Avaliação Educacional , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Cardiovasculares
10.
South Med J ; 116(1): 57-61, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36578120

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The ability to interpret a 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) is an essential skill in inpatient and outpatient settings. In medical school, this skill is generally taught during the Internal Medicine clerkship. Blended learning is a pedagogical tool that combines different modes of information delivery, models of teaching, and learning styles combining face-to-face learning sessions with online learning. The objectives of this study were to develop a curriculum using a blended educational model including lecture, focused educational videos, flipped classroom, and team-based learning to teach a systematic approach to ECG interpretation and enhance the ability of students to identify common and life-threatening electrocardiographic abnormalities. METHODS: Between 2016 and 2019, 349 medical students from the University of Colorado School of Medicine received the blended learning curriculum, which included an introductory lecture followed by five 30-minute sessions. These sessions encompassed preclass videos and team-based learning in a flipped-classroom design covering critical concepts in electrocardiography. A sample of 64 students completed a survey evaluating confidence in ECG interpretation skills before and after the curriculum. All of the students completed a 17-item pretest and posttest. RESULTS: The new curriculum improved learner confidence in ECG interpretation (Wilcoxon signed rank-sum test, P < 0.001). Postcurriculum test scores showed statistically significant improvement in all of the diagnoses tested (paired Student t test, P < 0.01), the most significant gains occurring in the life-threatening tracings of ventricular fibrillation and in ventricular tachycardia. CONCLUSIONS: Using a blended learning model with multiple educational modalities resulted in significant improvement in learners' performance and confidence in ECG interpretation.


Assuntos
Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Currículo , Avaliação Educacional , Faculdades de Medicina , Eletrocardiografia , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/métodos , Ensino
11.
Cogn Psychol ; 140: 101542, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36586246

RESUMO

Research on causal cognition has largely focused on learning and reasoning about contingency data aggregated across discrete observations or experiments. However, this setting represents only the tip of the causal cognition iceberg. A more general problem lurking beneath is that of learning the latent causal structure that connects events and actions as they unfold in continuous time. In this paper, we examine how people actively learn about causal structure in a continuous-time setting, focusing on when and where they intervene and how this shapes their learning. Across two experiments, we find that participants' accuracy depends on both the informativeness and evidential complexity of the data they generate. Moreover, participants' intervention choices strike a balance between maximizing expected information and minimizing inferential complexity. People time and target their interventions to create simple yet informative causal dynamics. We discuss how the continuous-time setting challenges existing computational accounts of active causal learning, and argue that metacognitive awareness of one's inferential limitations plays a critical role for successful learning in the wild.


Assuntos
Aprendizagem , Metacognição , Humanos , Resolução de Problemas , Cognição , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas
14.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 829, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36456922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medical ethics education is crucial for preparing medical students to face ethical situations that can arise in patient care. Instances of ethics being integrated into biomedical science education to build the connection between human science and ethics is limited. The specific aim of this study was to measure student attitudes towards an innovative curriculum design that integrates ethics education directly into a biomedical science course in pre-clinical medical curriculum. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, three ethics learning modules were designed and built in a biomedical science course in the pre-clinical curriculum. All students of Class of 2024 who were enrolled in the course in 2021 were included in the study. Each module integrated ethics with basic science topics and was delivered with different teaching modalities. The first module used a documentary about a well-known patient with severe combined immunodeficiency disease. The second module was delivered through a clinical scenario on HIV infection. The third module used small group discussion and debate on the topic of blood transfusion. For evaluation, students were asked to self-identify the ethical challenges associated with each module and complete reflective writing to assess their knowledge and attitude. Quantitative and qualitative analyses were conducted on student perceptions of each module. RESULTS: Likert scale ratings on the usefulness of each module revealed significantly higher ratings for the small group discussion/debate module, seconded by the documentary and lastly the case scenario only modules. Narrative analysis on student feedback revealed three themes: General favorable impression, Perceived learning outcomes, and Critiques and suggestion. Common and unique codes were identified to measure the strengths and weaknesses of each module. Overall, students' perception of the curriculum design was extremely positive. CONCLUSIONS: This curriculum design enabled us to highlight foundational biomedical sciences and clinical conditions with ethical dilemmas that physicians are likely to face in practice. Students found value in the modules, with a preference for the most active learning method. This study provides insight on a novel approach for integrating medical ethics into biomedical science courses that can be tailored to any institution. Strategies learned include utilizing active learning modalities and discussion.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Currículo , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(47): e31970, 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36451448

RESUMO

Traditional clinical teaching does not allow medical students to combine theoretical knowledge with practical knowledge. As such, we aimed to determine the effectiveness of three dimensional (3D) printing technology combined with problem-based learning (PBL) in the clinical teaching of cerebrovascular diseases. Medical interns were randomly divided into an experimental group (n = 136) that was taught using 3D printing technology + PBL method and a control group (n = 133) that was taught using traditional methods. We compared assessment results of theoretical and clinical practice skills and the subjective evaluation of teaching methods between the 2 groups. The assessment results of the experimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < .05). The survey assessing the evaluation of teaching methods showed higher satisfaction with teaching methods, increased learning interest, and improvement in the spatial thinking ability of interns in the experimental group compared to the control group (P < .05). There was no significant difference when assessing which teaching method better improved the interns' understanding of cerebrovascular diseases (P < .05). The application of 3D printing technology combined with the PBL teaching method in neurosurgery clinical teaching can stimulate interest in learning and significantly improve academic performance and problem-analysis and solving skills.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Humanos , Tecnologia , Impressão Tridimensional , Aprendizagem
16.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 840, 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36471362

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the application of the combination of three-dimensional visualization technology with a problem-based learning mode of teaching in clinical teaching related to spinal surgery. METHODS: A total of 106 5-year undergraduate students who majored in clinical medicine were selected as research subjects, and practiced in the Orthopaedics Department of the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University in 2021. These students were randomly divided into an experimental group and a control group, with 53 students in each group. The experimental group received a combination of three-dimensional visualization technology with the PBL teaching mode, while the control group was treated with the traditional teaching method. The teaching effects exhibited by these two groups were compared using tests and questionnaires that were administered after the teaching was completed. RESULTS: The theoretical test total scores of students in the experimental group were higher than those of students in the control group. The students in the two groups self-rated their classroom achievements, and the results attained by students in the experimental group were higher than those obtained by students in the control group (P < 0.05). The scores reported by students in the experimental group for interest in learning, classroom atmosphere, classroom interaction and teaching satisfaction were higher than those reported by students in the control group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The application of a combination of 3D visualization technology with the PBL teaching mode to spinal surgery teaching can improve students' learning efficiency and interest and is conducive to cultivating students' clinical thinking.


Assuntos
Imageamento Tridimensional , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Humanos , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/métodos , Aprendizagem , Inquéritos e Questionários , Satisfação Pessoal , Ensino
17.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(50): e2217999119, 2022 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36469768
18.
J Acoust Soc Am ; 152(5): 3102, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36456275

RESUMO

A substantial fraction of the membership of the Acoustical Society of America are faculty at various types of educational institutions and are actively engaged in educational activities. However, papers focusing on aspects of teaching, pedagogy, demonstrations, student learning, and other education topics are not often published in JASA, even though the Education in Acoustics Committee regularly offers special sessions on these topics at every ASA meeting. This special issue of JASA dedicated to Education in Acoustics includes 41 papers from authors all over the world. This introduction to the special issue briefly describes each of the papers, which have been organized into several broad categories: teaching methods and exercises; project-based learning; use of experiments, demos, and experiential learning; adapting to teaching during COVID-19; circuit models and impedance concepts; software apps and online resources; teaching musical acoustics; and descriptions of acoustics programs at a variety of institutions.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , Acústica , Instituições Acadêmicas , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Impedância Elétrica
19.
Rev. int. med. cienc. act. fis. deporte ; 22(88): 807-825, dic. 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-213726

RESUMO

El objetivo de la investigación fue valorar en qué grado el recurso didáctico diseñado en el marco de la Educación Física de 4º de Primaria impulsaba el desempeño de la Competencia Matemática. La intervención didáctica estaba conformada por situaciones-problema contextualizadas en entornos de Educación Física. 68 estudiantes, a través del trabajo cooperativo tenían el reto de elaborar e implementar un plan en el que utilizando sus conocimientos matemáticos resolvieran las situaciones planteadas. Se diseñó un estudio de casos cuyos resultados fueron de naturaleza cuantitativa-cualitativa. Se recogieron datos mediante la observación participante, notas de campo, cuestionarios y entrevistas. Los resultados mostraron que el alumnado ejecutó habilidades matemáticas competenciales en niveles de desempeño medio-alto. Refuerzan estas evidencias de aprendizaje que el alumnado reconociera los contenidos matemáticos aprendidos y el papel de las matemáticas en la Educación Física. Además, el profesorado de matemáticas observó un dominio de contenidos no trabajados en el aula. (AU)


The aim of the present research was to determine to what extent the teaching resource designed in the context of Physical Education in 4th grade fostered mathematical competence development in the students. For the didactic intervention, a program was designed that presented the students with contextualized problem situations in Physical Education environments. Sixty-eight students were asked to design and implement a plan to solve the proposed situations using their mathematical knowledge and working cooperatively. A case study was designed, yielding quantitative-qualitative results. Data were collected through participant observation, field notes, questionnaires and interviews. The results showed that the students applied competence mathematical skills at medium-to-high performance levels. This learning evidence was supported by the fact that the students recognised the mathematical contents learnt and the role of mathematics in Physical Education. In addition, the mathematics teachers observed good command of content that had not been addressed in class. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Educação Física e Treinamento , Matemática , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ensino Fundamental e Médio , Inquéritos e Questionários , Entrevistas como Assunto
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36497904

RESUMO

To respond to patients' increasing demands and strengthen nursing professionals' capabilities, nursing students are expected to develop problem-solving skills before they enter the workforce. Problem-based learning (PBL) is expected to provide effective simulation scenarios and realistic clinical conditions to help students achieve those learning goals. This article aims to explore the effects of PBL strategies on nursing students' self-evaluation of core competencies. This longitudinal cohort survey study evaluated 322 nursing students attending Chung Shan Medical University, Taiwan, in 2013 and 2014, where PBL teaching strategies are used in all four undergraduate years from freshman to senior. Based on their undergraduate academic levels, students were categorized into three groups- one-year PBL exposure, two-year PBL exposure, and three-year exposure. A core competency questionnaire was administered twice to ask participants to self-assess five professional competencies: learning attitude, problem identification, information analysis, execution, and life-long learning. The results showed that students with the longest exposure to PBL (Group 3) had higher self-evaluated scores for all core competencies than the other groups, except for the execution competency. The mean total competency score increased by 0.12 points between the pre-and-test. In addition, the mean score increased significantly more in Group 3 than in Groups 1 and 2. These trends were consistent for the information analysis, execution, and life-long learning competencies. In conclusion, the changes in the self-evaluated scores between groups indicate PBL strategies effectively improve nursing students' core competencies. The longest exposure group reported higher self-evaluated core competency scores than the other groups, especially for the information analysis, execution, and life-long learning competencies.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/métodos , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Estudos Longitudinais
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