Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.413
Filtrar
1.
Gastroenterol. hepatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 47(2): 158-169, feb. 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-ADZ-142

RESUMO

Background Intrahepatic infiltration of neutrophils is a character of alcoholic hepatitis (AH) and neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are an important strategy for neutrophils to fix and kill invading microorganisms. The gut-liver axis has been thought to play a critical role in many liver diseases also including AH. However, whether NETs appear in AH and play role in AH is still unsure. Methods Serum samples from AH patients were collected and LPS and MPO-DNA were detected. WT, NE KO, and TLR4 KO mice were used to build the AH model, and the intestinal bacteria were eliminated at the same time and LPS was given. Then the formation of NETs and AH-related markers were detected. Results The serum MPO-DNA and LPS concentration was increased in AH patients and a correlation was revealed between these two indexes. More intrahepatic NETs formed in AH mice. NETs formation decreased with antibiotic intervention and restored with antibiotic intervention plus LPS supplement. While NETs formation failed to change with gut microbiome or combine LPS supplement in TLR4 KO mice. As we tested AH-related characters, liver injury, intrahepatic fat deposition, inflammation, and fibrosis alleviated with depletion of NE. These related marks were also attenuated with gut sterilization by antibiotics and recovered with a combined treatment with antibiotics plus LPS. But the AH-related markers did show a difference in TLR4 KO mice when they received the same treatment. Conclusion Intestinal-derived LPS promotes NETs formation in AH through the TLR4 pathway and further accelerates the AH process by NETs (AU)


Antecedentes La infiltración intrahepática de neutrófilos es una característica de la hepatitis alcohólica (AH, por sus siglas en inglés) y las trampas extracelulares de neutrófilos (NET, por sus siglas en inglés) son una estrategia importante para que los neutrófilos fijen y maten microorganismos invasores. Se ha pensado que el eje intestino/hígado desempeña un papel crítico en muchas enfermedades hepáticas, incluida la AH. Sin embargo, aún no está claro si las NET aparecen en la AH y desempeñan un papel en la misma. Métodos Se recogieron muestras de suero de pacientes con AH, y se detectaron LPS y MPO-ADN. Se utilizaron ratones WT, NE KO y TLR4 KO para construir el modelo de la AH, y las bacterias intestinales se eliminaron al mismo tiempo y se administró LPS. Luego se detectó la formación de NET y los marcadores relacionados con la AH. Resultados La concentración sérica de MPO-ADN y LPS aumentó en los pacientes con HA, y se reveló una correlación entre estos 2 índices. Se formaron más NET intrahepáticos en ratones con AH. La formación de las NET disminuyó con la intervención antibiótica, y se restauró con la intervención antibiótica más suplemento de LPS. Mientras que la formación de NET no pudo cambiar con el microbioma intestinal o combinar el suplemento de LPS en ratones TLR4 KO. A medida que probamos los caracteres relacionados con la AH, la lesión hepática, la deposición de grasa intrahepática, la inflamación y la fibrosis se aliviaron con el agotamiento de las NET. Estas marcas relacionadas también se atenuaron con la esterilización intestinal con antibióticos, y se recuperaron con un tratamiento combinado con antibióticos más LPS. Pero los marcadores relacionados con la AH mostraron una diferencia en los ratones TLR4 KO cuando recibieron el mismo tratamiento. Conclusión El LPS de origen intestinal promueve la formación de NET en la AH a través de la vía TLR4, y acelera aún más el proceso de AH por NET (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Hepatite Alcoólica/metabolismo , DNA/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(3)2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38338744

RESUMO

Nowadays, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) still has a high mortality rate, and the alleviation and treatment of ARDS remains a major research focus. There are various causes of ARDS, among which pneumonia and non-pulmonary sepsis are the most common. Trauma and blood transfusion can also cause ARDS. In ARDS, the aggregation and infiltration of neutrophils in the lungs have a great influence on the development of the disease. Neutrophils regulate inflammatory responses through various pathways, and the release of neutrophils through neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) is considered to be one of the most important mechanisms. NETs are mainly composed of DNA, histones, and granuloproteins, all of which can mediate downstream signaling pathways that can activate inflammatory responses, generate immune clots, and cause damage to surrounding tissues. At the same time, the components of NETs can also promote the formation and release of NETs, thus forming a vicious cycle that continuously aggravates the progression of the disease. NETs are also associated with cytokine storms and immune balance. Since DNA is the main component of NETs, DNase I is considered a viable drug for removing NETs. Other therapeutic methods to inhibit the formation of NETs are also worthy of further exploration. This review discusses the formation and mechanism of NETs in ARDS. Understanding the association between NETs and ARDS may help to develop new perspectives on the treatment of ARDS.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Armadilhas Extracelulares , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório , Humanos , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/metabolismo , Pulmão , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/etiologia , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/metabolismo , DNA/metabolismo
3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(3)2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38338951

RESUMO

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is characterized by low-grade inflammation. Low-density neutrophils (LDNs) represent normally less than 2% of total neutrophils but increase in multiple pathologies, releasing inflammatory cytokines and neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). We assessed the count and role of high-density neutrophils (HDNs), LDNs, and NET-related activities in patients with T2D. HDNs and LDNs were purified by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) and counted by flow cytometry. Circulating inflammatory and NETs biomarkers were measured by ELISA (Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay). NET formation was quantified by confocal microscopy. Neutrophil adhesion onto a human extracellular matrix (hECM) was assessed by optical microscopy. We recruited 22 healthy volunteers (HVs) and 18 patients with T2D. LDN counts in patients with diabetes were significantly higher (160%), along with circulating NETs biomarkers (citrullinated H3 histone (H3Cit), myeloperoxidase (MPO), and MPO-DNA (137%, 175%, and 69%, respectively) versus HV. Circulating interleukins (IL-6 and IL-8) and C-Reactive Protein (CRP) were significantly increased by 117%, 171%, and 79%, respectively, in patients compared to HVs. Isolated LDNs from patients expressed more H3Cit, MPO, and NETs, formed more NETs, and adhered more on hECM compared to LDNs from HVs. Patients with T2D present higher levels of circulating LDN- and NET-related biomarkers and associated pro-inflammatory activities.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Armadilhas Extracelulares , Humanos , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo
4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(3)2024 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38339001

RESUMO

UV-B radiation induces sunburn, and neutrophils are pivotal in this inflammation. In this study, we examined the potential involvement of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) in ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced skin inflammation, correlating the skin inflammation-mitigating effects of Hochu-ekki-to on UV-B irradiation and NETs. To elucidate NET distribution in the dorsal skin, male ICR mice, exposed to UVB irradiation, were immunohistologically analyzed to detect citrullinated histone H3 (citH3) and peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PAD4). Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in the bloodstream was analyzed. To establish the involvement of NET-released DNA in this inflammatory response, mice were UV-B irradiated following the intraperitoneal administration of DNase I. In vitro experiments were performed to scrutinize the impact of Hochu-ekki-to on A23187-induced NETs in neutrophil-like HL-60 cells. UV-B irradiation induced dorsal skin inflammation, coinciding with a significant increase in citH3 and PAD4 expression. Administration of DNase I attenuated UV-B-induced skin inflammation, whereas Hochu-ekki-to administration considerably suppressed the inflammation, correlating with diminished levels of citH3 and PAD4 in the dorsal skin. UV-B irradiation conspicuously augmented ROS and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) production in the blood. Hochu-ekki-to significantly inhibited ROS and H2O2 generation. In vitro experiments demonstrated that Hochu-ekki-to notably inhibited A23187-induced NETs in differentiated neutrophil-like cells. Hence, NETs have been implicated in UV-B-induced skin inflammation, and their inhibition reduces cutaneous inflammation. Additionally, Hochu-ekki-to mitigated skin inflammation by impeding neutrophil infiltration and NETs in the dorsal skin of mice.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Armadilhas Extracelulares , Masculino , Camundongos , Animais , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Desoxirribonuclease I/farmacologia , Desoxirribonuclease I/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Calcimicina/farmacologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Desiminases de Arginina em Proteínas/metabolismo , Histonas/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo
5.
Cell Commun Signal ; 22(1): 96, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308301

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) has been implicated in the pathology of multiple sclerosis (MS) and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). However, the specific contributions of NLRP3, a NET-associated molecule, to EAE pathogenesis and its regulatory role in NET formation remain unknown. METHODS: To investigate the detrimental effect of NETs supported by NLRP3 in MS pathogenesis, we induced EAE in WT and NLRP3 KO mice and monitored the disease severity. At the peak of the disease, NET formation was assessed by flow cytometry, immunoblotting, and immunofluorescence staining. To further identify the propensity of infiltrated neutrophils, NET-related chemokine receptors, degranulation, ROS production, and PAD4 expression levels were evaluated by flow cytometry. In some experiments, mice were injected with DNase-1 to eliminate the formed NETs. RESULTS: Our data revealed that neutrophils significantly infiltrate the brain and spinal cord and form NETs during EAE pathogenesis. NLRP3 significantly elevates NET formation, primarily in the brain. NLRP3 also modulated the phenotypes of brain-infiltrated and circulating neutrophils, augmenting CXCR2 and CXCR4 expression, thereby potentially enhancing NET formation. NLRP3 facilitates NET formation in a ROS-dependent and PAD4-independent manner in brain-infiltrated neutrophils. Finally, NLRP3-supported NET formation exacerbates disease severity, triggering Th1 and Th17 cells recruitment. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, our findings suggest that NLRP3-supported NETs may be an etiological factor in EAE pathogenesis, primarily in the brain. This study provides evidence that targeting NLRP3 could be a potential therapeutic strategy for MS, specifically by attenuating NET formation.


Assuntos
Encefalomielite Autoimune Experimental , Armadilhas Extracelulares , Camundongos , Animais , Encefalomielite Autoimune Experimental/metabolismo , Encefalomielite Autoimune Experimental/patologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Camundongos Knockout , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
6.
Cell Commun Signal ; 22(1): 103, 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326837

RESUMO

Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) have garnered attention for their dual role in host defense and tumor promotion. With their involvement documented across a spectrum of tumors, their influence on the progression of cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is of paramount interest. We employed immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence to detect NET deposition in CCA tissues. Through in vitro and in vivo investigation, including CCA organoid and transposon-based models in PAD4 KO mice, we explored the effects of NETs on cell proliferation and metastasis. Molecular insights were gained through RNA sequencing, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, and chromatin immunoprecipitation. Elevated intratumoral NET deposition within CCA tissues was associated with poor survival. The influence of NETs on CCA proliferation, migration and invasion was primarily mediated by NET-DNA. RNA sequencing unveiled the activation of the NFκB signaling pathway due to NET-DNA stimulation. NET-DNA pull-down assay coupled with mass spectrometry revealed the interaction between NET-DNA and αV integrin (ITGAV), culmination in the activation of the NFκB pathway. Furthermore, NET-DNA directly upregulated the expression of VEGF-A in cancer cells. The study unequivocally establishes NETs as facilitators of CCA progression, orchestrating proliferation, metastasis, and angiogenesis through ITGAV/NFκB pathway activation. This novel insight positions NETs as prospective therapeutic targets for managing CCA patients. By implementing a variety of methodologies and drawing intricate connections between NETs, DNA interactions, and signaling pathways, this research expands our comprehension of the complex interplay between the immune system and cancer progression, offering promising avenues for intervention.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Armadilhas Extracelulares , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , DNA/metabolismo , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/metabolismo , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo
7.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1287132, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38348024

RESUMO

Background: Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) play a key role in thrombus formation in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, the existing detection and observation methods for NETs are limited in their ability to provide quantitative, convenient, and accurate descriptions of in situ NETs. Therefore, establishing a quantitative description of the relationship between NETs and thrombosis remains a challenge. Objective: We employed morphological observations of blood cells and statistical analyses to investigate the correlation between the NETs/neutrophilic segmented granulocyte ratio and mortality risk in patients with COVID-19. Methods: Peripheral blood samples were collected from 117 hospitalized patients with COVID-19 between November 2022 and February 2023, and various blood cell parameters were measured. Two types of smudge cells were observed in the blood and counted: lymphatic and neutral smudge cells. Statistical data analysis was used to establish COVID-19 mortality risk assessment indicators. Results: Morphological observations of neutrophilic smudge cells revealed swelling, eruption, and NETs formation in the neutrophil nuclei. Subsequently, the NETs/neutrophilic segmented granulocyte ratio (NNSR) was calculated. A high concentration of NETs poses a fatal risk for thrombus formation in patients. Statistical analysis indicated that a high NNSR was more suitable for evaluating the risk of death in patients with COVID-19 compared to elevated fibrinogen (FIB) and D-dimer (DD) levels. Conclusion: Observing blood cell morphology is an effective method for the detection of NETs, NNSR are important markers for revealing the mortality risk of patients with COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Armadilhas Extracelulares , Trombose , Humanos , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , COVID-19/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Trombose/metabolismo
8.
PeerJ ; 12: e16748, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38304189

RESUMO

Acute lung injury (ALI) is one of the most serious complications of sepsis, characterized by high morbidity and mortality rates. Ferroptosis has recently been reported to play an essential role in sepsis-induced ALI. Excessive neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) formation induces exacerbated inflammation and is crucial to the development of ALI. In this study, we explored the effects of ferroptosis and NETs and observed the therapeutic function of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on sepsis-induced ALI. First, we produced a cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) model of sepsis in rats. Ferrostain-1 and DNase-1 were used to inhibit ferroptosis and NETs formation separately, to confirm their effects on sepsis-induced ALI. Next, U0126 was applied to suppress the MEK/ERK signaling pathway, which is considered to be vital to NETs formation. Finally, the therapeutic effect of MSCs was observed on CLP models. The results demonstrated that both ferrostain-1 and DNase-1 application could improve sepsis-induced ALI. DNase-1 inhibited ferroptosis significantly in lung tissues, showing that ferroptosis could be regulated by NETs formation. With the inhibition of the MEK/ERK signaling pathway by U0126, NETs formation and ferroptosis in lung tissues were both reduced, and sepsis-induced ALI was improved. MSCs also had a similar protective effect against sepsis-induced ALI, not only inhibiting MEK/ERK signaling pathway-mediated NETs formation, but also alleviating ferroptosis in lung tissues. We concluded that MSCs could protect against sepsis-induced ALI by suppressing NETs formation and ferroptosis in lung tissues. In this study, we found that NETs formation and ferroptosis were both potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of sepsis-induced ALI, and provided new evidence supporting the clinical application of MSCs in sepsis-induced ALI treatment.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Butadienos , Armadilhas Extracelulares , Ferroptose , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Nitrilas , Sepse , Ratos , Animais , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/etiologia , Desoxirribonuclease I/farmacologia , Sepse/complicações , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Quinases de Proteína Quinase Ativadas por Mitógeno/efeitos adversos
9.
Cell Commun Signal ; 22(1): 97, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308264

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a severe systemic inflammatory disorder manifested by a dysregulated immune response to infection and multi-organ failure. Numerous studies have shown that elevated ferritin levels exist as an essential feature during sepsis and are able to suggest patients' prognoses. At the same time, the specific mechanism of ferritin-induced inflammatory injury remains unclear. METHODS: Hyper-ferritin state during inflammation was performed by injecting ferritin into a mouse model and demonstrated that injection of ferritin could induce a systemic inflammatory response and increase neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation.Padi4-/-, Elane-/- and Cybb-/- mice were used for the NETs formation experiment. Western blot, immunofluorescence, ELISA, and flow cytometry examined the changes in NETs, inflammation, and related signaling pathways. RESULTS: Ferritin induces NET formation in a peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PAD4), neutrophil elastase (NE), and reactive oxygen species (ROS)-dependent manner, thereby exacerbating the inflammatory response. Mechanistically, ferritin induces the expression of neutrophil macrophage scavenger receptor (MSR), which promotes the formation of NETs. Clinically, high levels of ferritin in patients with severe sepsis correlate with NETs-mediated cytokines storm and are proportional to the severity of sepsis-induced lung injury. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, we demonstrated that hyper-ferritin can induce systemic inflammation and increase NET formation in an MSR-dependent manner. This process relies on PAD4, NE, and ROS, further aggravating acute lung injury. In the clinic, high serum ferritin levels are associated with elevated NETs and worse lung injury, which suggests a poor prognosis for patients with sepsis. Our study indicated that targeting NETs or MSR could be a potential treatment to alleviate lung damage and systemic inflammation during sepsis. Video Abstract.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Armadilhas Extracelulares , Sepse , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/metabolismo , Receptores Depuradores/metabolismo
10.
Cell Mol Biol Lett ; 29(1): 8, 2024 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38172700

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute liver failure (ALF) is a life-threatening disease, but its pathogenesis is not fully understood. NETosis is a novel mode of cell death. Although the formation of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) has been found in various liver diseases, the specific mechanism by which NETosis regulates the development of ALF is unclear. In this article, we explore the role and mechanism of NETosis in the pathogenesis of ALF. METHODS: Clinically, we evaluated NETs-related markers in the liver and peripheral neutrophils of patients with ALF. In in vitro experiments, HL-60 cells were first induced to differentiate into neutrophil-like cells (dHL-60 cells) with dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). NETs were formed by inducing dHL-60 cells with PMA. In in vivo experiments, the ALF model in mice was established with LPS/D-gal, and the release of NETs was detected by immunofluorescence staining and western blotting. Finally, the acetylation levels of IDH1 and MDH1 were detected in dHL-60 cells and liver samples by immunoprecipitation. RESULTS: Clinically, increased release of NETs in liver tissue was observed in patients with ALF, and NETs formation was detected in neutrophils from patients with liver failure. In dHL-60 cells, mutations at IDH1-K93 and MDH1-K118 deacetylate IDH1 and MDH1, which promotes the formation of NETs. In a mouse model of ALF, deacetylation of IDH1 and MDH1 resulted in NETosis and promoted the progression of acute liver failure. CONCLUSIONS: Deacetylation of IDH1 and MDH1 reduces their activity and promotes the formation of NETs. This change aggravates the progression of acute liver failure.


Assuntos
Armadilhas Extracelulares , Falência Hepática Aguda , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Falência Hepática Aguda/metabolismo , Isocitrato Desidrogenase/metabolismo
11.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 1521, 2024 01 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38233540

RESUMO

Acne vulgaris is a type of chronic skin disorder caused by Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes). Neutrophil extrinsic traps (NETs) play key role in many types of inflammatory skin diseases. Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) was reported modulate immune responses and neutrophil activity. Here, we explored the potential role of ADSCs and the potential mechanism associated with neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) in relieving acne vulgaris. In the P. acnes-infected ear skin model, histological staining was used to evaluate the inflammatory infiltration and NET formation in control, P. acnes, and P. acnes + ADSCs groups. Besides, western blot was used to detect the expression levels of cit-H3, MPO, and Nrf2 in ear tissue. In vitro, the immunofluorescence staining of MPO and cit-H3, and SYTOX green staining were performed to measure the NET formation. CCK-8 assay, EdU staining, and wound healing assay were used to detect the proliferation and migration abilities of keratinocytes. ELISA assay was utilized to detect the secretion of inflammatory cytokines. In P. acnes-infected ear skin, ADSC treatment significantly attenuated inflammation and NET formation via activating Nrf2 signaling pathway. In vitro, the conditioned medium of ADSCs reduced the formation of P. acne-induced NETs. Besides, ADSCs could inhibit that the NETs efficiently promoted the proliferation, migration, and inflammatory cytokine secretion of keratinocytes. Our study suggested that ADSCs could attenuate P. acne-related inflammation by inhibiting NET formation. This study provides a novel therapeutic perspective of ADSCs in combating acne vulgaris.


Assuntos
Acne Vulgar , Armadilhas Extracelulares , Humanos , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Acne Vulgar/microbiologia , Inflamação , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Propionibacterium acnes/metabolismo
12.
Respir Res ; 25(1): 63, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38291476

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sepsis is life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a common sepsis-associated injury that can increase postoperative mortality but the mechanism is still unclear. MAIN TEXT: The role of neutrophils in the pathophysiology of sepsis was deeply challenged after the discovery of NETosis, a process resulting in neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) release. NETs can support thrombin generation and the concept of immunothrombosis has emerged as a new innate response to infection. Immunothrombosis leads to thrombosis in microvessels and supports immune cells together with specific thrombus-related molecules. ARDS is a common sepsis-associated organ injury. Immunothrombosis participates in thrombosis in pulmonary capillaries. Intervention regarding immunothrombosis in ARDS is a key scientific problem. PAD4 is the key enzyme regulating the NET skeleton protein histone H3 to citrulline histone to form NETs in immune thrombosis. This review summarizes NETosis and immunohaemostasis, ARDS and therapeutic opportunities targeting PAD4 via PAD4 inhibitors and lncRNAs potentially, providing future therapies. CONCLUSIONS: We identified and summarized the fundamental definition of ARDS and the concept of immune thrombosis and its composition. NETs activation has become particularly relevant in the formation of immune thrombosis. The taskforce highlighted the intervention targets of PAD4, including noncoding RNAs, potentially providing future therapeutic targets to confront the high postoperative mortality of ARDS.


Assuntos
Armadilhas Extracelulares , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório , Sepse , Trombose , Humanos , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Tromboinflamação , Proteína-Arginina Desiminase do Tipo 4/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Histonas/metabolismo , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/diagnóstico , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/terapia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/metabolismo , Sepse/metabolismo
13.
Int J Biol Sci ; 20(2): 733-750, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38169726

RESUMO

Macrophage pyroptosis and neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) play a critical role in sepsis pathophysiology; however, the role of macrophage pyroptosis in the regulation of NETs formation during sepsis is unknown. Here, we showed that macrophages transfer mitochondria to neutrophils through microvesicles following pyroptosis; this process induces mitochondrial dysfunction and triggers the induction of NETs formation through mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (mtROS)/Gasdermin D (GSDMD) axis. These pyroptotic macrophage-derived microvesicles can induce tissues damage, coagulation, and NETs formation in vivo. Disulfiram partly inhibits these effects in a mouse model of sepsis. Pyroptotic macrophage-derived microvesicles induce NETs formation through mitochondrial transfer, both in vitro and in vivo. Microvesicles-mediated NETs formation depends on the presence of GSDMD-N-expressing mitochondria in the microvesicles. This study elucidates a microvesicles-based pathway for NETs formation during sepsis and proposes a microvesicles-based intervention measure for sepsis management.


Assuntos
Armadilhas Extracelulares , Sepse , Camundongos , Animais , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Sepse/metabolismo
14.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 270: 115923, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38171107

RESUMO

3,3',4',4',5-Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB126) is classified as a persistent organic environmental pollutant that can cause liver damage by producing excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS also can stimulate neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) formation, which cause damage to organism if NETs are produced in excess. Melatonin is generally considered to possess strong antioxidant and anti-inflammation prosperities, but it is unclear whether it can alleviate PCB126-induced injury. To explore whether PCB126-induced liver injury is related to the formation of NETs and whether melatonin has a potent protective effect, we established PCB126 exposure/ PCB126 and melatonin co-treatment mouse models by gavage. To further clarify the specific mechanism, we also cultured neutrophils and AML12 cells to replicate in vivo model. Here, we found PCB126 exposure resulted in an elevation in the activities of MDA, LPO, PCO, and 8-OHdG, and a reduction in the activities of CAT, GSH-PX and SOD. We found that PCB126 exposure led to an elevation in the expression levels of chemokines (CCL2, CCL3, CCL4, CXCL12, and CXCL8) and marker factors for NETs formation (MPO, NE, NOX2, PKCα, and PKCζ) in the PCB126 group. IF, SYTOX staining, and SEM results also revealed that PCB126 could stimulate NETs formation. In addition, results of a co-culture system of PBNs and AML12 cells revealed that the expression levels of inflammatory cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α) significantly decreased and the expression levels of metabolism factors (Fas, Acc, and Srebp) slightly decreased for scavenging NETs, indicating NETs formation aggravated PCB126-induced hepatic damages. Noteworthy, treatment with melatonin reversed these results. In summary, our findings revealed that melatonin alleviated hepatic damage aggravated by PCB126-induced ROS-dependent NETs formation through suppressing excessive ROS production. This finding not only enriches toxicological mechanism of PCB126, but more importantly extends biological effects of melatonin and its potential application values.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Crônica Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Armadilhas Extracelulares , Melatonina , Bifenilos Policlorados , Camundongos , Animais , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Bifenilos Policlorados/toxicidade , Bifenilos Policlorados/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Melatonina/farmacologia , Melatonina/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Doença Hepática Crônica Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo
15.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 881, 2024 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38286811

RESUMO

Excessive host immune responses contribute to severe malaria with high mortality. Here, we show that PRL2 in innate immune cells is highly related to experimental malaria disease progression, especially the development of murine severe malaria. In the absence of PRL2 in myeloid cells, Plasmodium berghei infection results in augmented lung injury, leading to significantly increased mortality. Intravital imaging revealed greater neutrophilic inflammation and NET formation in the lungs of PRL2 myeloid conditional knockout mice. Depletion of neutrophils prior to the onset of severe disease protected mice from NETs associated lung injury, and eliminated the difference between WT and PRL2 CKO mice. PRL2 regulates neutrophil activation and NET accumulation via the Rac-ROS pathway, thus contributing to NETs associated ALI. Hydroxychloroquine, an inhibitor of PRL2 degradation alleviates NETs associated tissue damage in vivo. Our findings suggest that PRL2 serves as an indicator of progression to severe malaria and ALI. In addition, our study indicated the importance of PRL2 in NET formation and tissue injury. It might open a promising path for adjunctive treatment of NET-associated disease.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Armadilhas Extracelulares , Malária , Camundongos , Animais , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Neutrófilos , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
16.
Cell Commun Signal ; 22(1): 50, 2024 01 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38233928

RESUMO

AIMS: Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) have been implicated in thrombotic diseases. There is no definitive explanation for how NETs form during acute ischemic strokes (AIS). The purpose of our study was to investigate the potential mechanism and role of NETs formation in the AIS process. METHODS: As well as 45 healthy subjects, 45 patients with AIS had ELISA tests performed to detect NET markers. Expression of high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) on platelet microvesicles (PMVs) was analyzed by flow cytometry in healthy subjects and AIS patients' blood samples. We established middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) mice model to elucidate the interaction between PMPs and NETs. RESULTS: A significant elevation in NET markers was found in patient plasma in AIS patients, and neutrophils generated more NETs from patients' neutrophils. HMGB1 expression was upregulated on PMVs from AIS patients and induced NET formation. NETs enhanced Procoagulant activity (PCA) through tissue factor and via platelet activation. Targeting lactadherin in genetical and in pharmacology could regulate the formation of NETs in MCAO model. CONCLUSIONS: NETs mediated by PMVs derived HMGB1 exacerbate thrombosis and brain injury in AIS. Video Abstract.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas , Armadilhas Extracelulares , Proteína HMGB1 , AVC Isquêmico , Trombose , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Proteína HMGB1/metabolismo , Trombose/metabolismo , Neutrófilos , Lesões Encefálicas/metabolismo
17.
Thromb Res ; 234: 1-8, 2024 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38113606

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lymphocytes, macrophages, neutrophils, and neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) associate with stroke risk factors and form a thrombus through different mechanisms. We investigated the total WBCs, WBC subtypes and NETs composition in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) clots to identify possible etiological differences that could help us further understand the process of thrombosis that leads to AIS. METHODS: AIS clots from 100 cases each of atherothrombotic (AT), cardioembolic (CE) and cryptogenic stroke etiology were collected per-pass as part of the CÚRAM RESTORE registry of AIS clots. Martius Scarlet Blue stain was used to identify the main histological components of the clots. Immunohistochemical staining was used to identify neutrophils, lymphocytes, macrophages, and NETs patterns. The cellular and histological components were quantified using Orbit Image Analysis software. RESULTS: AT clots were larger, with more red blood cells and fewer WBCs than CE clots. AT clots had more lymphocytes and cryptogenic clots had fewer macrophages than other etiologies. Most significantly, CE clots showed higher expression of neutrophils and extracellular web-like NETs compared to AT and cryptogenic clots. There was also a significantly higher distribution of web-like NETs around the periphery of the CE clots while a mixed distribution was observed in AT clots. CONCLUSION: The difference in neutrophil and NETs expression in clots from different etiologies may provide insight into the mechanism of clot formation.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Armadilhas Extracelulares , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Leucócitos/patologia , Trombectomia/métodos
18.
J Vet Med Sci ; 86(2): 141-149, 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38104974

RESUMO

This study aimed to understand the response of neutrophils stimulated by Streptococcus uberis, a major cause of mastitis. It was found that the production of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) was induced in milk clots from mastitic milk produced by S. uberis-infected bovine udders. The release of NETs from neutrophils stimulated by S. uberis was investigated. Bovine neutrophils cocultured with S. uberis in vitro released the components of NETs, which contained extracellular DNA and elastase. Bovine mammary epithelial cells (BMECs) incubated in coculture supernatants containing components of NETs, caused cytotoxicity and transcriptional upregulation of inflammatory cytokines, including of interleukin (IL) -1ß, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, IL-6, and IL-8, in BMECs. These findings suggest that bovine neutrophils stimulated by S. uberis induce responses that cause exacerbated inflammation, such as NET formation, cytotoxicity against BMECs, and increased production of inflammatory cytokines. Bovine neutrophil responses stimulated by S. uberis could be involved in the progression of S. uberis-induced mastitis.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos , Armadilhas Extracelulares , Mastite Bovina , Infecções Estreptocócicas , Streptococcus , Feminino , Animais , Bovinos , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Infecções Estreptocócicas/veterinária , Infecções Estreptocócicas/patologia , Regulação para Cima , Citocinas/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Glândulas Mamárias Animais/patologia , Interleucina-1beta , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Doenças dos Bovinos/patologia
19.
Sci Adv ; 9(51): eadj1397, 2023 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38117877

RESUMO

Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) not only counteract bacterial and fungal pathogens but can also promote thrombosis, autoimmunity, and sterile inflammation. The presence of citrullinated histones, generated by the peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PAD4), is synonymous with NETosis and is considered independent of apoptosis. Mitochondrial- and death receptor-mediated apoptosis promote gasdermin E (GSDME)-dependent calcium mobilization and membrane permeabilization leading to histone H3 citrullination (H3Cit), nuclear DNA extrusion, and cytoplast formation. H3Cit is concentrated at the promoter in bone marrow neutrophils and redistributes in a coordinated process from promoter to intergenic and intronic regions during apoptosis. Loss of GSDME prevents nuclear and plasma membrane disruption of apoptotic neutrophils but prolongs early apoptosis-induced cellular changes to the chromatin and cytoplasmic granules. Apoptotic signaling engages PAD4 in neutrophils, establishing a cellular state that is primed for NETosis, but that occurs only upon membrane disruption by GSDME, thereby redefining the end of life for neutrophils.


Assuntos
Armadilhas Extracelulares , Neutrófilos , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Desiminases de Arginina em Proteínas/genética , Desiminases de Arginina em Proteínas/metabolismo , Proteína-Arginina Desiminase do Tipo 4/genética , Proteína-Arginina Desiminase do Tipo 4/metabolismo , Armadilhas Extracelulares/genética , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Histonas/metabolismo , Epigênese Genética
20.
BMC Med ; 21(1): 507, 2023 12 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38124139

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is a systemic autoinflammatory disease characterized by innate immune system activation, with a high risk for macrophage activation syndrome (MAS). MAS development is associated with monocyte/macrophage activation and cytokine storm. Monocytes consist of three different subsets, classical monocytes (CMs, CD14brightCD16 -), intermediate monocytes (IMs, CD14brightCD16 +), and non-classical monocytes (NCMs, CD14dimCD16 +), each has distinct roles in inflammatory regulation. However, the frequencies and regulatory mechanism of monocyte subsets in AOSD patients have not been identified. METHODS: We performed flow cytometry, RNA sequencing, phagocytosis analysis, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to evaluate monocyte subsets, cell functions, and potential biomarkers. The effect of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) on monocytes was determined by evaluating mRNA levels of DNA sensors, surface CD16 expression, and inflammasome pathway activation. RESULTS: Higher proportions of intermediate monocytes (IMs) were identified in active AOSD patients. IMs displayed higher expression of CD80, CD86, HLA-DR, and CD163 than CMs and NCMs. CD163 upregulation was noted on AOSD IMs, accompanied by increased phagocytic activity and elevated cytokine/chemokine production, including IL-1ß, IL-6, CCL8, and CXCL10. The frequencies of IMs were correlated with disease activity and higher in AOSD patients with MAS (AOSD-MAS). CCL8 and CXCL10 were highly expressed in RNA sequencing of monocytes from AOSD-MAS patients and plasma CXCL10 level could serve as a potential biomarker for AOSD-MAS. Moreover, DNA-sensing pathway was activated in monocytes from AOSD-MAS patients. Stimulation with NETs derived from AOSD induced DNA sensor expression, the expansion of IMs, and inflammasome pathway activation. These effects can be abrogated by DNase I treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrated that the proportions of IMs were elevated in AOSD and associated with MAS. The DNA component in NETs from AOSD plays an important role in the formation of IMs, shedding new light for the therapeutic target.


Assuntos
Armadilhas Extracelulares , Síndrome de Ativação Macrofágica , Doença de Still de Início Tardio , Adulto , Humanos , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/complicações , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/tratamento farmacológico , Monócitos/metabolismo , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Síndrome de Ativação Macrofágica/complicações , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Biomarcadores , DNA/metabolismo , DNA/uso terapêutico
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...