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1.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0302701, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728286

RESUMO

Although the toxicity of arsenic depends on its chemical forms, few studies have taken into account the ambiguous phenomenon that sodium arsenite (NaAsO2) acts as a potent carcinogen while arsenic trioxide (ATO, As2O3) serves as an effective therapeutic agent in lymphoma, suggesting that NaAsO2 and As2O3 may act via paradoxical ways to either promote or inhibit cancer pathogenesis. Here, we compared the cellular response of the two arsenical compounds, NaAsO2 and As2O3, on the Burkitt lymphoma cell model, the Epstein Barr Virus (EBV)-positive P3HR1 cells. Using flow cytometry and biochemistry analyses, we showed that a NaAsO2 treatment induces P3HR1 cell death, combined with drastic drops in ΔΨm, NAD(P)H and ATP levels. In contrast, As2O3-treated cells resist to cell death, with a moderate reduction of ΔΨm, NAD(P)H and ATP. While both compounds block cells in G2/M and affect their protein carbonylation and lipid peroxidation, As2O3 induces a milder increase in superoxide anions and H2O2 than NaAsO2, associated to a milder inhibition of antioxidant defenses. By electron microscopy, RT-qPCR and image cytometry analyses, we showed that As2O3-treated cells display an overall autophagic response, combined with mitophagy and an unfolded protein response, characteristics that were not observed following a NaAsO2 treatment. As previous works showed that As2O3 reactivates EBV in P3HR1 cells, we treated the EBV- Ramos-1 cells and showed that autophagy was not induced in these EBV- cells upon As2O3 treatment suggesting that the boost of autophagy observed in As2O3-treated P3HR1 cells could be due to the presence of EBV in these cells. Overall, our results suggest that As2O3 is an autophagic inducer which action is enhanced when EBV is present in the cells, in contrast to NaAsO2, which induces cell death. That's why As2O3 is combined with other chemicals, as all-trans retinoic acid, to better target cancer cells in therapeutic treatments.


Assuntos
Trióxido de Arsênio , Arsenicais , Arsenitos , Autofagia , Mitocôndrias , Estresse Oxidativo , Óxidos , Compostos de Sódio , Trióxido de Arsênio/farmacologia , Arsenitos/farmacologia , Arsenitos/toxicidade , Humanos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Sódio/farmacologia , Arsenicais/farmacologia , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Óxidos/farmacologia , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Herpesvirus Humano 4/efeitos dos fármacos , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfoma de Burkitt/virologia , Linfoma de Burkitt/metabolismo , Linfoma de Burkitt/patologia , Linfoma de Burkitt/tratamento farmacológico
2.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1371920, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38694994

RESUMO

Background: An increasing number of studies suggest that environmental pollution may increase the risk of vitamin D deficiency (VDD). However, less is known about arsenic (As) exposure and VDD, particularly in Chinese pregnant women. Objectives: This study examines the correlations of different urinary As species with serum 25 (OH) D and VDD prevalence. Methods: We measured urinary arsenite (As3+), arsenate (As5+), monomethylarsonic acid (MMA), and dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) levels and serum 25(OH)D2, 25(OH)D3, 25(OH) D levels in 391 pregnant women in Tianjin, China. The diagnosis of VDD was based on 25(OH) D serum levels. Linear relationship, Logistic regression, and Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR) were used to examine the associations between urinary As species and VDD. Results: Of the 391 pregnant women, 60 received a diagnosis of VDD. Baseline information showed significant differences in As3+, DMA, and tAs distribution between pregnant women with and without VDD. Logistic regression showed that As3+ was significantly and positively correlated with VDD (OR: 4.65, 95% CI: 1.79, 13.32). Meanwhile, there was a marginally significant positive correlation between tAs and VDD (OR: 4.27, 95% CI: 1.01, 19.59). BKMR revealed positive correlations between As3+, MMA and VDD. However, negative correlations were found between As5+, DMA and VDD. Conclusion: According to our study, there were positive correlations between iAs, especially As3+, MMA and VDD, but negative correlations between other As species and VDD. Further studies are needed to determine the mechanisms that exist between different As species and VDD.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Humanos , Feminino , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia , Deficiência de Vitamina D/urina , Gravidez , Estudos Transversais , China/epidemiologia , Adulto , Arsênio/urina , Arsênio/sangue , Prevalência , Arsenicais/urina , Vitamina D/sangue , Vitamina D/urina , Complicações na Gravidez/urina , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Modelos Logísticos , População do Leste Asiático
3.
J Hazard Mater ; 470: 134193, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569341

RESUMO

Arsenopyrite and pyrite often coexist in metal deposits and tailings, thus simultaneous bioleaching of both sulfides has economic (as well as environmental) significance. Important targets in bio-oxidation operations are high solubilization rates and minimized accumulation of Fe(III)/As-bearing secondary products. This study investigated the role of pyrite bioleaching in the enhancement of arsenopyrite dissolution. At a pyrite to arsenopyrite mass ratio of 1:1, 93.6% of As and 93.0% of Fe were solubilized. The results show that pyrite bio-oxidation can promote arsenopyrite dissolution, enhance S0 bio-oxidation, and inhibit the formation of jarosites, tooeleite, and amorphous ferric arsenate. The dry weight of the pyrite & arsenopyrite residue was reduced by 95.1% after bioleaching, compared to the initial load, while only 5% weight loss was observed when pyrite was absent. A biofilm was formed on the arsenopyrite surface in the presence of pyrite, while a dense passivation layer was observed in the absence of pyrite. As(III) (as As2O3) was a dominant As species in the pyrite & arsenopyrite residue. Novel and detailed findings are presented on arsenopyrite bio-dissolution in the presence of pyrite, and the presented approach could contribute to the development of novel cost-effective extractive bioprocesses. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATION: The oxidation of arsenopyrite presents significant environmental hazards, as it can contribute to acid mine drainage generation and arsenic mobilization from sulfidic mine wastes. Bioleaching is a proven cost-effective and environmentally friendly extractive technology, which has been applied for decades in metal recovery from minerals or tailings. In this work, efficient extraction of arsenic from arsenopyrite bioleaching was presented through coupling the process with bio-oxidation of pyrite, resulting in lowered accumulation of hazardous and metastable Fe(III)/As-bearing secondary phases. The results could help improve current biomining operations and/or contribute to the development of novel cost-effective bioprocesses for metal extraction.


Assuntos
Arsenicais , Compostos de Ferro , Ferro , Minerais , Sulfetos , Sulfetos/química , Ferro/química , Arsenicais/química , Cinética , Minerais/química , Compostos de Ferro/química , Oxirredução , Solubilidade , Arsênio/química , Biofilmes , Acidithiobacillus/metabolismo
4.
J Med Chem ; 67(7): 5458-5472, 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556750

RESUMO

The success of arsenic in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) treatment is hardly transferred to non-APL cancers, mainly due to the low selectivity and weak binding affinity of traditional arsenicals to oncoproteins critical for cancer survival. We present herein the reinvention of aliphatic trivalent arsenicals (As) as reversible covalent warheads of As-based targeting inhibitors toward Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK). The effects of As warheads' valency, thiol protection, methylation, spacer length, and size on inhibitors' activity were studied. We found that, in contrast to the bulky and rigid aromatic As warhead, the flexible aliphatic As warheads were well compatible with the well-optimized guiding group to achieve nanomolar inhibition against BTK. The optimized As inhibitors effectively blocked the BTK-mediated oncogenic signaling pathway, leading to elevated antiproliferative activities toward lymphoma cells and xenograft tumor. Our study provides a promising strategy enabling rational design of new aliphatic arsenic-based reversible covalent inhibitors toward non-APL cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Arsenicais , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda , Humanos , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Arsenicais/farmacologia , Arsenicais/uso terapêutico , Arsênio/farmacologia , Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia , Transdução de Sinais , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico
6.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 187: 114603, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38499235

RESUMO

Since humans are especially sensitive to arsenic exposure, predominantly through diet, a strict control of the most widely consumed seaweeds is mandatory. Total arsenic contents and arsenic species in twenty-five different seaweeds from five different origins were studied. Seaweeds selected, included Phaeophyta (brown seaweed), Chlorophyta (green seaweed) and Rhodophyta (red seaweed) genera. The highest arsenic content appears in the Phaeophyta seaweed in the range from 11 to 162 mg kg-1 dried weight. Arsenosugars were found to be the predominant species of arsenic in most seaweeds, being up to 99.7% of total arsenic in some samples. The arsenic dietary intakes for seaweeds studied were assessed and the Target Hazard Quotients (THQ) and the Target Cancer Risk (TCR) were calculated, taking into account inorganic arsenic contents (iAs). iAs species in seaweeds showed low risk of arsenic intake except for Hizikia fusiforme samples.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Arsenicais , Phaeophyceae , Sargassum , Alga Marinha , Humanos , Arsênio/toxicidade , Algas Comestíveis , Medição de Risco , Verduras
7.
Cancer Rep (Hoboken) ; 7(3): e2035, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507294

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent advances in the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APML) have seen unprecedented improvements in patient outcomes. However, such rapid growth in understanding often leads to uncertainty regarding superiority among candidate treatment regimens, especially when further scrutinized from an epidemiological perspective. AIMS: The aim of this systematic review with epidemiological analysis was to identify and compare commonly utilized protocols for standard-risk APML with a particular focus on complete remission (CR), overall/disease-free survival (DFS), and reported adverse events. METHODS AND RESULTS: Medline, Scopus, and CINAHL were interrogated to identify studies utilizing all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) in addition to arsenic trioxide (ATO) and/or anthracyclines such as idarubicin (IDA) in the treatment of de-novo APML. After collation of studies, an epidemiological analysis was subsequently performed to compare protocols with regards to outcomes of interest using number needed to benefit (NNB) and number needed to harm (NNH) measures. Seventeen articles, describing 12 distinct trials, were included in the analysis. These trials made use of three unique protocols; CR rates were 94%-100% for ATO/ATRA regimens, 95%-96% for ATO/ATRA/anthracycline regimens, and 89%-94% for ATRA/anthracycline regimens. Epidemiological analysis demonstrated NNB for CR was 9.09 (ATO/ATRA vs. ATRA/IDA) and 20.00 (ATO/ATRA vs. ATO/ATRA/IDA), NNH for neutropenia was -3.45 (ATO/ATRA vs. ATRA/IDA), and NNH for infection was -3.13 (ATO/ATRA vs. ATRA/IDA) and -1.89 (ATO/ATRA vs. ATO/ATRA/IDA). CONCLUSION: The ATO/ATRA regimen is superior to chemotherapy-containing protocols at inducing remission and promoting survival in patients with APML. The regimen is better tolerated than the proposed alternatives with fewer adverse events. Future research opportunities include quantifying APML epidemiology and pursuing oral arsenic as an option for simplification of therapeutic protocols.


Assuntos
Arsenicais , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda , Humanos , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/epidemiologia , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Antraciclinas/efeitos adversos , Arsenicais/efeitos adversos , Óxidos/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Tretinoína/efeitos adversos , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos , Resposta Patológica Completa
8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(6)2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38542322

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown that inorganic arsenic (iAs) exposure may be associated with genotoxic and cytotoxic effects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between several polymorphisms in AS3MT and APOE genes and urinary As and the relationship between these polymorphisms and pregnancy loss. We determined urinary As concentrations and performed genotyping analysis in 50 cases of spontaneous pregnancy loss and 50 controls, matched to cases on gestational age. The most frequently identified AS3MT polymorphisms in both cases and controls were in rs10748835 (80% cases and 68% controls), rs3740400 (78% cases and 64% controls), rs7085104 (74% cases and 48% controls), and rs1046778 (62% cases and 54% controls). We identified 30 different haplotypes in AS3MT SNPs, with four predominant haplotypes (>8%). Cases with Haplotype 1 had four-fold higher urinary DMA and two-fold higher MMA concentration than those without this haplotype, the MMA levels were lower in cases and controls with Haplotype 4 compared to Haplotype 1, and the DMA levels were significantly lower in cases with Haplotype 4 compared to Haplotype 3. Cases with Haplotype 1 had higher levels of all analyzed biomarkers, suggesting that Haplotype 1 may be associated with greater exposure to iAs and tobacco smoke. Our results suggest the importance of the AS3MT gene in iAs metabolism among pregnant women with low-level drinking water iAs exposure.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo , Arsênio , Arsenicais , Água Potável , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Arsênio/toxicidade , Arsênio/metabolismo , Metiltransferases/genética , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Gestantes , Romênia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Apolipoproteínas E/genética
9.
Parasit Vectors ; 17(1): 119, 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Models that provide high-quality veterinary care for more affordable prices are emerging, but not well documented outside of wellness and preventative care. Effective treatment guidelines for heartworm disease have been developed by the American Heartworm Society; however, not all owners are able to access treatment due to the high costs associated with sick and emergency care services. METHODS: To increase access to high-quality adulticidal treatment of canine heartworm disease, we developed and implemented a technician-leveraged heartworm treatment protocol for high-volume, outpatient community clinic settings based on the American Heartworm Society guidelines. Modifications were few and included limited pre-treatment blood work, pre-injection sedation, post-injection pain medication, and a reduced exercise restriction period. We monitored retention rates for 556 dogs throughout treatment, evaluated treatment success (defined as no antigen detection 9 months post treatment) for patients that returned for post-treatment antigen testing, and reported on adverse reactions and therapy adherence throughout treatment. RESULTS: Of the patients that began adulticide therapy, 539/556 (97%) successfully completed the three-injection series. No microfilariae were detected in 99% (428/433) of those who returned for post-injection microfilaria testing. Among those that returned for or reported the results of post-injection antigen testing, no antigen was detected for 99% (245/248) and no microfilariae were detected for 99.5% (200/201). During the course of treatment, 483/539 (90%) of patients experienced at least one adverse reaction, with the most frequently reported types being behavioral and injection site reactions. 25/539 (4.6%) of owners sought additional medical care for adverse reactions at some point during the treatment course. The overall mortality rate was 1.3% (7/556). CONCLUSIONS: This study represents the first evaluation of a heartworm treatment protocol optimized for implementation in a high-volume, outpatient community clinic setting. Our findings align with those previously reported in private practice or tertiary referral centers, illustrating that through the inclusion of pre-treatment blood work, employing short-acting or reversible sedatives, ensuring proper analgesia, minimizing the use of ancillary diagnostics, reducing the duration of in-clinic monitoring while focusing on outpatient care, and maximizing technician involvement, we can deliver effective and safe melarsomine therapy at a more affordable cost to pet owners.


Assuntos
Arsenicais , Dirofilaria immitis , Dirofilariose , Doenças do Cão , Filaricidas , Triazinas , Cães , Humanos , Animais , Dirofilariose/diagnóstico , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Doenças do Cão/tratamento farmacológico
10.
Int J Hyg Environ Health ; 257: 114344, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38430670

RESUMO

Dietary patterns provide a comprehensive assessment of food consumption, including essential nutrients and potential exposure to environmental contaminants. While pro-vegetarian (PVG) dietary patterns have shown health benefits in adults, their effects on children are less well studied. This study aims to explore the association between children's adherence to the most common PVG dietary patterns and their exposure to metals, assessed through urine concentration. In our study, we included a population of 723 children aged 4-5-years from the INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) cohort in Spain. We calculated three predefined PVG dietary patterns, namely general (gPVG), healthful (hPVG), and unhealthful (uPVG), using dietary information collected through a validated Food Frequency Questionnaire. Urinary concentrations of various essential and heavy metals (Co, Cu, Zn, Se, Mo, Pb, and Cd) were measured using mass spectrometry. Additionally, urinary arsenic speciation, including arsenobetaine (AsB), dimethylarsinic acid (DMA), monomethylarsonic acid (MMA), and inorganic arsenic (iAs), was measured. The sum of urinary MMA and iAs was used to assess iAs exposure. We estimated primary (PMI) and secondary iAs methylation (SMI) indices. To explore the association between PVG dietary patterns in quintiles and metal exposure, we utilized multiple-adjusted linear regression models and the quantile g-computation approach. Compared with the lowest quintile, participants in the highest quintile of gPVG showed a 22.7% lower urinary Co (95% confidence interval (CI): -38.7; -1.98) and a 12.6% lower Se (95%CI: -22.9; -1.00) concentrations. Second quintile of adherence to hPVG was associated with a 51.7% lower urinary iAs + MMA concentrations (95%CI: -74.3; -8.61). Second quintile of adherence to an uPVG was associated with a 13.6% lower Se levels (95%CI: -22.9; -2.95) while the third quintile to this pattern was associated with 17.5% lower Mo concentrations (95%CI: -29.5; -2.95). The fourth quintile of adherence to gPVG was associated with a 68.5% higher PMI and a 53.7% lower SMI. Our study showed that adherence to a gPVG dietary pattern in childhood may modestly reduce the intakes of some essential metals such as Co and Se. Further investigations are warranted to explore any potential health implications.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Arsenicais , Metais Pesados , Criança , Adulto , Humanos , Arsênio/análise , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Padrões Dietéticos , Metais Pesados/análise
11.
Water Res ; 254: 121423, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38461598

RESUMO

Biological sulfidogenic processes based on sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) are not suitable for arsenic (As)-containing acid mine drainage (AMD) treatment because of the formation of the mobile thioarsenite during sulfate reduction. In contrast, biological sulfidogenic processes based on sulfur-reducing bacteria (S0RB) produce sulfide without pH increase, which could achieve more effective As removal than the SRB-based process. However, the reduction ability and toxicity tolerance of S0RB to As remains mysterious, which may substantially affect the practical applicability of this process when treating arsenate (As(V))-containing AMD. Thus, this study aims to develop a biological sulfur reduction process driven by S0RB, and explore its long-term performance on As(V) removal and microbial community evolution. Operating under moderately acidic conditions (pH=4.0), the presence of 10 mg/L As(V) significantly suppressed the activity of S0RB, leading to the failure of As(V) removal. Surprisingly, a drop in pH to 3.0 enhanced the tolerance of S0RB to As toxicity, allowing for efficient sulfide production (396±102 mg S/L) through sulfur reduction. Consequently, effective and stable removal of As(V) (99.9 %) was achieved, even though the sulfidogenic bacteria were exposed to high levels of As(V) (42 mg/L) in long-term trials. Spectral and spectroscopic analysis showed that As-bearing sulfide minerals were present in the bioreactor. Remarkably, the presence of As(V) induced notable changes in the microbial community composition, with Desulfurella and Clostridium identified as predominate sulfur reducers. The qPCR result further revealed an increase in the concentration of functional genes related to As transport (asrA and arsB) in the bioreactor sludge as the pH decreased from 4.0 to 3.0. This suggests the involvement of microorganisms carrying asrA and arsB in an As transport process. Furthermore, metagenomic binning demonstrated that Desulfurella contained essential genes associated with sulfur reduction and As transportation, indicating its genetic potential for sulfide production and As tolerance. In summary, this study underscores the effectiveness of the biological sulfur reduction process driven by S0RB in treating As(V)-contaminated AMD. It offers insights into the role of S0RB in remediating As contamination and provides valuable knowledge for practical applications.


Assuntos
Arseniatos , Arsenicais , Reatores Biológicos , Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia , Enxofre , Sulfetos/química , Sulfatos/química , Oxirredução
12.
Environ Toxicol Pharmacol ; 107: 104398, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38403142

RESUMO

Ubiquitin Proteasomal System (UPS) and autophagy dysregulation initiate cancer. These pathways are regulated by zinc finger proteins. Trivalent inorganic arsenic (iAs) displaces zinc from zinc finger proteins disrupting functions of important cellular proteins. The effect of chronic environmental iAs exposure (100 nM) on UPS has not been studied. We tested the hypothesis that environmental iAs exposure suppresses UPS, activating autophagy as a compensatory mechanism. We exposed skin (HaCaT and Ker-CT; independent quadruplicates) and lung (BEAS-2B; independent triplicates) cell cultures to 0 or 100 nM iAs for 7 or 8 weeks. We quantified ER stress (XBP1 splicing employing Reverse Transcriptase -Polymerase Chain Reaction), proteasomal degradation (immunoblots), and initiation and completion of autophagy (immunoblots). We demonstrate that chronic iAs exposure suppresses UPS, initiates autophagy, but suppresses autophagic protein degradation in skin and lung cell lines. Our data suggest that chronic iAs exposure inhibits autophagy which subsequently suppresses UPS.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Arsenicais , Arsênio/toxicidade , Proteólise , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma , Autofagia
14.
Environ Int ; 185: 108488, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38359550

RESUMO

Inorganic trivalent arsenic (iAsⅢ) at environmentally relevant levels has been found to cause developmental toxicity. Maternal exposure to iAsⅢ leads to enduring hepatic lipid deposition in later adult life. However, the exact mechanism in iAsⅢ induced hepatic developmental hazards is still unclear. In this study, we initially found that gestational exposure to iAsⅢ at an environmentally relevant concentration disturbs lipid metabolism and reduces levels of alpha-ketoglutaric acid (α-KG), an important mitochondrial metabolite during the citric acid cycle, in fetal livers. Further, gestational supplementation of α-KG alleviated hepatic lipid deposition caused by early-life exposure to iAsⅢ. This beneficial effect was particularly pronounced in female offspring. α-KG partially restored the ß-oxidation process in hepatic tissues by hydroxymethylation modifications of carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1a (Cpt1a) gene during fetal development. Insufficient ß-oxidation capacities probably play a crucial role in hepatic lipid deposition in adulthood following in utero arsenite exposure, which can be efficiently counterbalanced by replenishing α-KG. These results suggest that gestational administration of α-KG can ameliorate hepatic lipid deposition caused by iAsⅢ in female adult offspring partially through epigenetic reprogramming of the ß-oxidation pathway. Furthermore, α-KG shows potential as an interventive target to mitigate the harmful effects of arsenic-induced hepatic developmental toxicity.


Assuntos
Intoxicação por Arsênico , Arsênio , Arsenicais , Humanos , Adulto , Feminino , Arsênio/toxicidade , Arsênio/metabolismo , Ácidos Cetoglutáricos/metabolismo , Ácidos Cetoglutáricos/farmacologia , Arsenicais/metabolismo , Intoxicação por Arsênico/metabolismo , Fígado , Suplementos Nutricionais , Epigênese Genética , Lipídeos
15.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 311: 123998, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38340448

RESUMO

As2O3 has shown significant anti-gastric cancer effects, but the mechanism is still unclear. Thus, biomacromolecular changes induced by As2O3 were investigated by using human gastric cancer AGS cells as the model. Flow cytometry results confirmed that As2O3 induced AGS cells apoptosis. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) microspectroscopy detected biomacromolecular changes during As2O3-induced AGS cells apoptosis sensitively: IR spectra showed significant changes in the lipids content and the proteins and DNA structure. Peak-area ratios indicated obvious changes in the lipids and DNA content and the proteins structure, while also showing a relatively good linear relationship between A1733/A969 and the apoptosis rate. PCA exhibited significant alteration in nucleic acids while curve fitting further revealed the changes in nucleic acids and proteins. On the whole, our study explored As2O3-induced gastric cancer cells apoptosis in depth on the basis of analyzing biomacromolecular changes, in addition, it also suggested FTIR microspectroscopy to be possibly useful in the research of apoptosis.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Arsenicais , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier/métodos , Análise de Fourier , Apoptose , DNA/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proteínas , Lipídeos/farmacologia , Óxidos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia
16.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 32(1): 66-70, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38387901

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of metformin and arsenic trioxide on KG1a cells proliferation of acute myeloid leukemia and its possible mechanism. METHODS: CCK-8 method was used to detect the killing effect of metformin, arsenic trioxide and combined application on KG1a cells. Annexin V-FITC/PI Dual Stain Flow Cytometry was used to detect the effect of combined application on apoptosis of KG1a cells. Western blot was used to detect the expression of intracellular apoptosis-,autophagy-related protein. RESULTS: Metformin and arsenic trioxide alone or in combination could inhibit the proliferation of KG1a cells and induce apoptosis of KG1a cells, and the proliferation inhibition rate and apoptosis rate in the combined drug group were higher than those in the drug group alone(P <0.05). The combination of drugs induced upregulation of Caspase 8 protein and P62 protein expression and was higher than that in the drug group alone(P <0.05). CONCLUSION: Metformin can synergize with arsenic trioxide to kill KG1a cells, and its mechanism of action may be related to inducing apoptosis and enhancing autophagy.


Assuntos
Arsenicais , Metformina , Humanos , Trióxido de Arsênio/farmacologia , Metformina/farmacologia , Óxidos/farmacologia , Arsenicais/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(4)2024 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38396835

RESUMO

Inorganic arsenic (NaAsO2) is a naturally occurring metalloid found in water resources globally and in the United States at concentrations exceeding the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Maximum Contamination Level of 10 ppb. While exposure to arsenic has been linked to cancer, cardiovascular disease, and skin lesions, the impact of arsenic exposure on wound healing is not fully understood. Cultured dermal fibroblasts exposed to NaAsO2 displayed reduced migration (scratch closure), proliferation, and viability with a lowest observable effect level (LOEL) of 10 µM NaAsO2 following 24 h exposure. An enrichment of Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 (MMP1) transcripts was observed at a LOEL of 1 µM NaAsO2 and 24 h exposure. In vivo, C57BL/6 mice were exposed to 10 µM NaAsO2 in their drinking water for eight weeks, then subjected to two full thickness dorsal wounds. Wounds were evaluated for closure after 6 days. Female mice displayed a significant reduction in wound closure and higher erythema levels, while males showed no effects. Gene expression analysis from skin excised from the wound site revealed significant enrichment in Arsenic 3-Methyltransferase (As3mt) and Estrogen Receptor 2 (Esr2) mRNA in the skin of female mice. These results indicate that arsenic at environmentally relevant concentrations may negatively impact wound healing processes in a sex-specific manner.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Arsenicais , Masculino , Feminino , Animais , Camundongos , Arsênio/toxicidade , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Cicatrização , Fibroblastos/metabolismo
18.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 26(7): 6242-6255, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305347

RESUMO

The emergence of SARS-CoV-2 in 2019 led to the global COVID-19 pandemic, highlighting the urgency for developing cost-effective and non-invasive methods to detect diseases at an early stage. Human breath, rich in volatile organic compounds (VOCs), is promising for cost-effective and rapid disease detection, with specific VOCs like methanol, ethanal, butanone, acetone, and ethyl butyrate linked to COVID-19. Recent advances in biomarker detection and gas sensing with 2D materials, particularly III-As monolayers like BAs, GaAs, and AlAs, offer high sensitivity at low concentrations, providing a novel avenue for exploring their potential in detecting COVID-19 biomarkers. This article aims to examine the effects of adsorption on different properties of III-Arsenide (BAs, GaAs and AlAs) monolayers, particularly in connection with SARS-CoV-2 biomarkers. In order to examine the interaction between the monolayers and biomarkers, first-principles computations within the framework of density functional theory (DFT) are utilized. The present study involves an investigation of the modifications in the band structure, density of states (DOS), work function, electron density difference, and optical properties (reflectance and absorbance) of III-As monolayers, with the aim of assessing their viability for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 biomarkers along with interfering gases such as CO2 and H2O. It is observed that VOCs induce a notable change in the work function of GaAs which serves as an indicator of the presence of these biomarkers. However, the changes in work function are not as substantial as those for AlAs and BAs. Additionally, the chemiresistive sensitivity, optical sensitivity and recovery time of III-As are investigated. The findings suggest that the pristine GaAs monolayer displays a significant level of sensitivity and selectivity towards the SARS-CoV-2 biomarkers, rendering it a material with potential for utilization in sensing applications. Furthermore, it has been observed that the recovery time of the GaAs monolayer subsequent to its exposure to the VOC biomarkers lies within an acceptable threshold. Upon exposure to UV light, the recovery time is further reduced. The outcomes of our study indicate that GaAs monolayers exhibit considerable potential as chemiresistive, work function-based and optical sensors for the precise and discerning identification of VOCs linked to the SARS-CoV-2 virus compared to the other two III-As monolayers.


Assuntos
Arsenicais , COVID-19 , Gálio , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Pandemias , Biomarcadores , Gases
19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38403414

RESUMO

Objective: To establish biological exposure index (BEI) of occupational exposure to arsenic and its inorganic compounds through occupational epidemiology and the regression analysis of internal and external exposure of workers. Methods: In November 2021, 125 workers with occupational exposure to arsenic and its inorganic compounds and 49 office administrators in a non-ferrous metal smelter in Yunnan Province were selected as the exposure group and control group, respectively. Air samples from the workplace of the study subjects on weekdays were collected and arsenic concentrations were determined. Urine samples were collected in end-of-work weekend and high performance liquid chromatography-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (HPLC-ICP-MS) was used to detect the levels of trivalent inorganic arsenic (iAs(3+)) , pentavalent inorganic arsenic (iAs(5+)) , monomethyl arsenic (MMA) and dimethyl arsenic (DMA) in urine. The correlations between arsenic concentration in the workplace air and arsenic species in urine of workers were analyzed. Arsenic exposure concentration and the level of urinary arsenic (ΣiAs+MMA+DMA) of workers was analyzed by linear regression and the BEI of arsenic and its inorganic compounds in the workplace was proposed based on the results of micronucleus test. Results: The median of time-weighted average concentration (C(TWA)) of arsenic in the workplace air of the exposure group was 0.0116 mg/m(3), and the over-standard rate was 71.2% (89/125) . The concentrations of iAs(3+), iAs(5+), inorganic arsenic (iAs=ΣiAs(3+)+iAs(5+)) 、MMA、DMA and urinary arsenic in the exposure group were higher than those in the control group at the end of shift, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05) . The concentration of arsenic in the workplace air had the strongest correlation with the concentration of urinary arsenic at the end of the shift (r(s)=0.909, P<0.001) . The regression equation was lg (y) =7.662+2.968lg (x) (r=0.821, P<0.05) . According to the occupational exposure limit (OEL) of arsenic in China, the concentration of urinary arsenic in the end-of-work weekend was calculated to be 53.2 µg/L. Combined with the results of micronucleus test, the BEI of occupational exposure to arsenic and its inorganic compounds in the workplace was proposed to be 50 µg/L. Conclusion: The urinary arsenic in the end-of-work weekend can be used as a biomarker of occupational exposure to arsenic, and its BEI is recommended to be 50 µg/L.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Arsenicais , Exposição Ocupacional , Humanos , Arsênio/urina , China , Exposição Ocupacional/análise
20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38403417

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the correlation between urinary arsenic and health effects through the determination and analysis of urinary arsenic levels in occupational arsenic exposed workers. Methods: In November 2021, 95 workers exposed to arsenic and its inorganic compounds and 31 administrative personnel from a non-ferrous metal smelter in Yunnan Province were selected as the contact group and control group, respectively. Urine forms of arsenic, blood tumor markers, liver function were detected, and micronucleus test was used to analyze the chromosome damage. The correlation between urine forms of arsenic and health effects were analyzed. Results: Compared with the control group, the concentrations of urinary trivalent inorganic arsenic (iAs(3+)) , pentavalent inorganic arsenic (iAs(5+)) , inorganic arsenic (iAs=ΣiAs(3+)+iAs(5+)) , monomethyl arsenic (MMA) , dimethyl arsenic (DMA) and urinary arsenic (ΣiAs+MMA+DMA) at the end of class in contact group were higher (P<0.05) . There was no statistically significant difference in blood tumor markers and liver function indicators between the two groups (P>0.05) . Compared with the control group, the peripheral blood micronucleus rate and cell micronucleus rate in the contact group were significantly increased (P<0.05) . The urinary arsenic, iAs(5+), inorganic arsenic and DMA were positively correlated with peripheral blood micronucleus rate in contact group (r(s)=0.48, 0.34, 0.37, 0.23, P<0.05) , and the urinary arsenic, iAs(5+), DMA were positively correlated with peripheral blood micronucleus rate (r(s)=0.48, 0.34, 0.26, P<0.05) . Conclusion: There is a significant correlation between different valence states of arsenic in the urine and abnormal health effects of occupational arsenic exposed workers. It is necessary to strengthen the detection of arsenic species in the urine of occupational arsenic exposed workers to better protect their health.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Arsenicais , Exposição Ocupacional , Humanos , Arsênio/urina , China , Arsenicais/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Biomarcadores Tumorais
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