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1.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde, LIS-fiocruz-SI | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46736

RESUMO

Exposição.


Assuntos
Arte , Cultura Indígena , Meio Ambiente
2.
Soins Pediatr Pueric ; 40(308): 14-16, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31171292

RESUMO

Children can experience war as witnesses, victims or participants, everywhere across the world. Their drawings recount the atrocities they have endured, seen and experienced. They reveal their graphic stories and leave traces of their internal trauma. It is essential that adults put themselves on the child's level, to approach the depicted violence differently.


Assuntos
Conflitos Armados/psicologia , Arte , Criança , Choro , Humanos
3.
Soins Pediatr Pueric ; 40(308): 24-26, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31171295

RESUMO

Between 2012 and 2014, a study was carried out of women pregnant for the first time to find out more about their experience of the ultrasound scan. The drawing of the image of the ultrasound scan was the main methodological tool used in the study. It enables the quality of the perception of the ultrasound scan to be linked to the quality of maternal representations. Based on the context of the ultrasound scan, elements of prenatal prevention around parenthood are addressed.


Assuntos
Arte , Mães/psicologia , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
4.
Maturitas ; 124: 15-24, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31097173

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Direct involvement in creative activities can have benefits in terms of improved attention and positive engagement for older people. We used the social return on investment (SROI) approach to explore the social and economic benefits of arts activities for older people living in residential homes in England. METHODS: We complied with the CHEERS checklist and followed the six stages of SROI as reported in the literature. RESULTS: We identified three main stakeholders: care home residents, care home personnel, and activity co-ordinators. For residents, the outcomes of interest were: community inclusion, mental and physical health, improved cognition and decreased social isolation. For care home personnel and activity co-ordinators the outcomes were: improved skills in caring for older people and increased confidence in using arts interventions. The analysis yielded an SROI of £1.20 for every £1 of expenditure. The sensitivity analysis revealed that when we consider a displacement rate of 15% for all the outcomes of all participating stakeholders, the Imagine study is unlikely to report a ratio that is less than £1.02 for every £1.00 invested. CONCLUSIONS: Findings could inform policy decisions about investment in the arts and health or social care.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Arte , Instituição de Longa Permanência para Idosos , Pessoal Administrativo , Terapia pela Arte/economia , Cognição , Inglaterra , Pessoal de Saúde , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Autoeficácia , Isolamento Social , Participação Social
5.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 197: 124-130, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31146089

RESUMO

The features of objects have a strong influence on how we evaluate, judge, approach, and behave toward them. People generally prefer complex, symmetric, balanced and curved designs. In addition to these general trends, however, there are substantial differences among people in what they like and prefer, and in the extent to which their preferences and choices are modulated by design features. Here we aimed to determine whether curvature in real objects and abstract designs influenced participants' preference to the same extent. We found that, in general, participants prefer real objects and abstract designs with curved contours. But we also uncovered a remarkable breadth of variation in individual preferences. Finally, our results show that people who are highly sensitive to curvature in real objects are also highly sensitive to curvature in abstract designs, and that people who are insensitive to curvature in one kind of stimulus are also insensitive to the other.


Assuntos
Arte , Estética/psicologia , Percepção de Forma/fisiologia , Estimulação Luminosa/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
6.
Nat Nanotechnol ; 14(5): 405, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31065065

Assuntos
Arte , Biotecnologia , Humanos
9.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 196: 18-25, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30965201

RESUMO

We examine whether a stimulus generalization framework can provide insight in how experience shapes evaluative responses to artworks. Participants received positive information about one artwork and negative information about another artwork. Afterwards, we tested their evaluative responses not only to these artworks but also to similar artworks, which allowed us to assess generalization. Results showed that the artwork that was paired with positive information and the artwork that was similar to it were evaluated more positively than the other artworks. These findings confirm that theories that aim to explain art appreciation could benefit from taking learning and its generalization into account.


Assuntos
Arte , Estética/psicologia , Estimulação Luminosa/métodos , Aprendizado Social/fisiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resolução de Problemas/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
Med Probl Perform Art ; 34(1): 14-24, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30826817

RESUMO

AIMS: Circus is a physically demanding profession, but injury and help-seeking rates tend to be low. This qualitative interview study explored the perceptions and beliefs about injury and help-seeking of circus artists. METHODS: Ten professional circus artists (5 males, 5 females; mean age 33 yrs, range 27-42) were enrolled. Individual, semi-structured interviews were conducted until data saturation of themes was reached. Data were analysed thematically. FINDINGS: Four themes were identified: 1) the injured artist; 2) professionalism; 3) circus life; and 4) artists' experience of healthcare. Most participants described the circus as central to their lives, and injuries had wide-ranging psychosocial consequences. Injury adversely affected participants' mood and threatened their identity. Situational and personal factors (e.g., the belief that pain was normal) pushed participants to use adaptive strategies to perform when injured. Continuous touring and financial constraints affected help-seeking. Easy access to healthcare was rare and participants often self-managed injuries. Experiences of healthcare varied, and participants desired flexible and accessible approaches to prevention and injury management. A modified version of the integrated model of psychological response to injury and rehabilitation process and the concept of identity provided a framework to understand participants. CONCLUSION: Injuries had extensive negative consequences. Work schedules, financial factors, employer support, the artist's perception of the importance of the show, and the relationship between circus and identity influenced injury management and help-seeking. Injury prevention and management strategies could be optimised by developing centres of expertise, online resources, and better regulations of the profession.


Assuntos
Afeto , Traumatismos em Atletas , Adulto , Arte , Traumatismos em Atletas/psicologia , Traumatismos em Atletas/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa
12.
Arch Pediatr ; 26(4): 220-225, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30885603

RESUMO

Detecting an abnormal developmental trajectory in very preterm infants remains challenging. The objective of this study was to determine the correlation between the Draw-a-Man test (DAMT) and behavioral and cognitive disabilities in very preterm infants. From the school-age follow-up of the Premag study, which evaluated the neuroprotective effect of prenatal magnesium sulfate before 33 weeks of gestation, 281 human figure drawings were assessed (mean age, 11 years). Behavioral and cognitive disabilities were associated with delayed DAMTs but test performance indicators were insufficient to use DAMT as a screening or a diagnostic test.


Assuntos
Arte , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/diagnóstico , Transtornos Cognitivos/diagnóstico , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Adolescente , Paralisia Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Sulfato de Magnésio/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
J Lesbian Stud ; 23(1): 102-104, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30741119

RESUMO

Artist and scientist Sharon Gershoni presents here two works of her art in different mediums. Alef is a series of drawings made with Japanese sumi ink on washi paper and is a reflection on the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet, alef. Shem (Name) is a photograph exposing the symbols and attributes of women in Western art and thought.


Assuntos
Arte , Mulheres , Feminino , Humanos , Fotografação
16.
Res Dev Disabil ; 87: 9-20, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30703680

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With growing numbers of bilingual children on the autism spectrum in UK classrooms, the interaction between autism and bilingualism is becoming a pressing issue for practitioners, researchers and families. In this study, we report the school experiences of bilingual, autistic children in the UK through their own voice with focus on five aspects of their school life. METHOD: Using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) as a methodological framework, semi-structured, computer-assisted interviews were conducted with 11 children aged 7 to 14 from across England and Wales. Interviews were carried out in English and took place in mainstream schools or the children's home, depending on their preference. RESULTS: Results indicate that, while children's school experiences vary widely, there were commonalities in this population's identity formation, including being bilingual, and their classroom experiences. Most notably, children educated in more multilingual environments (i.e. in schools with larger multilingual populations) expressed more positive views about multilingualism than those in more monolingual settings. In line with previous studies, limited social circles and classroom anxiety were present in participants' school experiences. IMPLICATIONS: The findings of this paper suggest that giving autistic children from bilingual backgrounds opportunities to explore their linguistic identities in the classroom may enhance their experiences of school. Further research should focus on parents' and practitioners' attitudes and perspectives towards the support available for this population.


Assuntos
Sucesso Acadêmico , Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Relações Interpessoais , Linguagem , Motivação , Multilinguismo , Instituições Acadêmicas , Meio Social , Adolescente , Arte , Criança , Inglaterra , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Matemática , Pesquisa Qualitativa , País de Gales
17.
Twin Res Hum Genet ; 22(1): 70-74, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30739630

RESUMO

Twin studies have shown that our sense of humor has an underlying genetic component, but less investigation of the origins of stand-up comedy has been undertaken. This article briefly reviews twin research findings on humor, then describes the working partnership and social affiliation of a pair of monozygotic male twins who perform together as stand-up comedians. The abilities, personalities and temperaments of these twins suggest future avenues for research in this interesting area. Next, findings from twin studies and case reports of twins with cleft lip and palate, dental caries, noninvasive prenatal testing and Capgras syndrome (with folie à deux) are summarized. In conclusion, recent news about athletic twins, transgendered twins, crib-sharing and career choice are presented.


Assuntos
Arte , Atletas , Síndrome de Capgras , Escolha da Profissão , Fenda Labial , Fissura Palatina , Cárie Dentária , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Transtorno Paranoide Compartilhado , Pessoas Transgênero , Gêmeos Monozigóticos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
18.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(6): 1910-1917, 2019 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30718388

RESUMO

Previous studies of science, technology, engineering, mathematics, and medical (STEMM) professionals have identified a common "mental toolkit" composed of 13 "tools for thinking" that STEMM professionals use in their problem raising and problem solving. The present research surveyed a convenience sample of 225 STEMM professionals to investigate whether these "thinking tools" are correlated with STEMM achievement measured variously as patents filed or licensed, companies founded, number of papers and books published, and copyrights assigned. Some mental skills such as modeling and playing are significantly correlated with patent filings and licenses, and others are correlated with different measures of STEMM achievement. Previous research has also demonstrated that some of these thinking tools, most notably visual thinking skills, can be taught through various arts, crafts, and design (ACD) practices, resulting in significant improvements in STEMM learning outcomes. The present research therefore investigates in the survey pool whether ACD are associated with the same measures of STEMM achievement as thinking tool use. Correlations exist between use of some thinking tools and particular ACD avocations: Modeling and playing are correlated with persistent crafts avocations such as metalworking, woodworking, and mechanics, which are, in turn, significantly correlated with patent production. Most survey participants were explicitly aware of the connections between their ACD avocations; their STEMM work; and the tools, skills, and knowledge derived from the former. We conclude that integrating ACD with STEMM content by means of tools for thinking may be an effective way to achieve improved STEMM learning outcomes.


Assuntos
Logro , Arte , Engenharia , Aprendizagem , Matemática , Ciência , Tecnologia , Pensamento , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Cognição , Criatividade , Feminino , Humanos , Conhecimento , Masculino , Resolução de Problemas , Editoração , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
19.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(6): 1851-1856, 2019 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30718412

RESUMO

Alex Manu describes an "imagination gap," that is, "the gap between current capability and future possibility" [Manu A (2006) The Imagination Challenge: Strategic Foresight and Innovation in the Global Economy]. Merriam-Webster defines imagination as "the act of forming a mental image of something not present to the senses or never before wholly perceived in reality"; imagination combines "creative ability" and "resourcefulness" [Merriam-Webster (2018) Imagination. Merriam-Webster Dictionary Online Available at https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/imagination]. This paper considers two interdisciplinary fields in which distinct approaches have sought a solution to the "imagination gap" and have resulted in new research questions, methods, outcomes, and even philosophies. These are science, technology, engineering, arts, math, medicine, and design (STEAMM+D) and Indigenous research that establishes questions and methods from an integrated interdisciplinary worldview and the individual's responsibilities toward community and land. By intertwining these approaches, it is possible for science and society to apply creative problem solving in addressing complex challenges, thereby fostering sustainable innovation.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Imaginação , Conhecimento , Arte , Engenharia , Humanos , Matemática , Medicina , Sistemas On-Line , Filosofia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Ciência , Mídias Sociais , Células-Tronco , Tecnologia
20.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(6): 1878-1885, 2019 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30718419

RESUMO

A potential path for enabling greater creativity and collaboration is through increased arts and science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) integration in education and research. This approach has been a growing discussion in US national forums and is the foundation of the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics plus arts and design (STEAM) education movement. Developing authentic artistic integrations with STEM fields (or vice versa) is challenging, particularly in higher education, where traditional disciplinary structures and incentives can impede the creation of integrated programs. Measuring and assessing the outcomes of such integration efforts can be even more challenging, since traditional metrics do not necessarily capture new opportunities created for students and faculty, and the greatest impact may occur over a long period (a career). At Drexel University, we created the Expressive & Creative Interaction Technologies (ExCITe) Center as a standalone institute to pursue and enable such transdisciplinary arts-STEM collaborations, particularly with external arts and education partners. In this perspectives paper, we highlight a range of projects and outcomes resulting from such external collaborations, including graduate research with professional artists, undergraduate student work experiences, and STEAM-based education programs for kindergarten through 12th-grade (K-12) students. While each project has its own specific objectives and outcomes, we believe that they collectively demonstrate this integrated transdisciplinary approach to be impactful and potentially transformative for all levels of learning.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Práticas Interdisciplinares , Aprendizagem , Modelos Educacionais , Arte , Educação , Engenharia , Docentes , Humanos , Pesquisa Interdisciplinar/métodos , Matemática , Pesquisa , Ciência , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tecnologia , Estados Unidos
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