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1.
Clin J Sport Med ; 32(6): e627-e634, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36315828

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Identifying which types of athletes have increased injury risk (ie, predictive risk factors) should help develop cost-effective selective injury prevention strategies. Our objective was to compare a theoretical injury risk classification system developed by coaches and rehabilitation therapists, with observed injury rates in human circus acts across dimensions of physical stressors, acrobatic complexity, qualifications, and residual risks. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study. SETTING: professional circus company. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Human circus artists performing in routine roles between 2007 and 2017. ASSESSMENT OF RISK FACTORS: Characteristics of circus acts categorized according to 4 different dimensions. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Medical attention injury rates (injury requiring a visit to the therapist), time-loss injury rates (TL-1; injury resulting in at least one missed performance), and time-loss 15 injury rates (TL-15; injury resulting in at least 15 missed performances). RESULTS: Among 962 artists with 1 373 572 performances, 89.4% (860/962) incurred at least one medical attention injury, 74.2% (714/962) incurred at least one TL-1 injury, and 50.8% (489/962) incurred at least one TL-15 injury. There were important inconsistencies between theoretical and observed injury risk patterns in each of the 4 dimensions for all injury definitions (medical attention, TL-1, and TL-15). CONCLUSIONS: Although theoretical classifications are the only option when no data are available, observed risk patterns based on injury surveillance programs can help identify artists who have a high (or low) theoretical risk but are nonetheless actually at low (or high) risk of injury, given their current roles. This will help develop more cost-effective selective injury prevention programs.


Assuntos
Arte , Traumatismos em Atletas , Humanos , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Atletas , Fatores de Risco
2.
Pediatrics ; 150(5)2022 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36305210

Assuntos
Arte , Humanos , Comunicação
3.
Health Promot Pract ; 23(5): 759-760, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36222405

RESUMO

This poem was written as a meditation on care and upholding abolition values such as building safety and repairing what is in need of revolution. Within arm's reach of a more healthful narrative, the poem describes a person who sees the world burning, and remains committed to tending to her hopeful heart and others. It is shared here to archive a remarkable moment of recognition between two artists. The story is that, while in attendance at a virtual Black community circle a few years ago, my friend, Lily, shared her collage artwork, one among them titled, Spilling Out. This image among many spectacular pieces immediately struck my spirit. It prompted me to recall a poem I had written several months before. In the spirit of call and response, I offered this poem to her and my community, extending the metaphor of spilling out, shifting contexts, and sparking dialogue on what it means for us in practice to transpose and change places in our respective fields. Lily Nimo Ngaruiya is a Black, Kenyan-American, queer artist, educator, and Black liberation seeker. Lily's watercolor collage pieces reflect the emotionality of Black womanhood and the journey of exploring her own fears and desires. Each image selected is rooted in her own intuition-restructuring, revising, and reimagining until the world within her piece feels complete. Through images, textures, and patterns, Lily aims to create a universe for Black femmes to exist fully. To view the original version of this poem, see the supplemental material section of this article online.


Assuntos
Arte , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Feminino , Humanos , Quênia , Narração
5.
Front Public Health ; 10: 985884, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36311644

RESUMO

Introduction: Mounting empirical evidence underscores the health benefits of the arts, as recently reported in a scoping review by the World Health Organization. The creative arts in particular are acknowledged to be a public health resource that can be beneficial for well-being and health. Within this broad context, and as a subfield of participatory arts, the term social arts (SA) specifically refers to an art made by socially engaged professionals (e.g., artists, creative arts therapists, social workers, etc.) with non-professionals who determine together the content and the final art product (in theater, visual arts, music, literature, etc.) with the aim to produce meaningful social changes. SA can enhance individual, community, and public health in times of sociopolitical instability and is an active field in Israel. However, SA is still an under-investigated field of study worldwide that is hard to characterize, typify, or evaluate. This paper presents a research protocol designed to examine a tripartite empirically-based model of SA that will cover a wide range of SA training programs, implementations, and impacts. The findings will help refine the definition of SA and inform practitioners, trainers, and researchers, as well as funding bodies and policymakers, on the content and impact of SA projects in Israel and beyond. Methods and analysis: This 3-stage mixed methods study will be based on the collection of primary qualitative and arts-based data and secondary, complementary, quantitative data. Triangulation and member checking procedures will be conducted to strengthen the trustworthiness of the findings obtained from different stakeholders. Discussion: Growing interest in the contribution of arts to individual and public health underscores the importance of creating an empirically grounded model for SA. The study was approved by the university ethics committee and is supported by the Israel Science Foundation. All participants will sign an informed consent form and will be guaranteed confidentiality and anonymity. Data collection will be conducted in the next 2 years (2022 to 2024). After data analysis, the findings will be disseminated via publications and conferences.


Assuntos
Arte , Música , Humanos , Saúde Pública , Promoção da Saúde , Israel
6.
BMJ ; 379: o2500, 2022 10 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36252956
7.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15602, 2022 09 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36114237

RESUMO

Studying highly valuable and fragile Renaissance drawings requires a non-invasive contactless analytical approach. In this work, we study an early drawing by Raffaello Sanzio, one of the most important artists of the Italian Renaissance, realized during his stay in Florence (1504-1508). Our analyses aimed to reveal the features of the paper support significant for its dating, identify and map the drawing media to understand the artist's technical approach, and document the drawing condition with imaging and single-sited optical methods. Reflectance Vis-NIR multispectral imaging spectroscopy elaborated with False-Colour and Principal Component Analysis provided information about the paper support and the drawing media. Laser scanning micro-profilometry and Optical Coherence Tomography allowed revealing the superficial micro-scale features of the support. The chemical composition of the different drawing materials was characterized by µ-Raman spectroscopy, which provided also some evidence of the conservation history of the drawing. Integration of spectroscopic and imaging data shows that Raffaello used different dry drawing media (carbon-based and Pb stylus) to sketch the figure and then refined the details and shadows with iron-gall ink. The paper presents a methodological approach for the analytical examination of fragile paper artworks.


Assuntos
Arte , Chumbo , Itália , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica
8.
Cell ; 185(21): 3839-3843, 2022 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36174577

RESUMO

The creative process in art and science involves two phases-generating and exploring new and wild ideas (building castles in the sky) and then narrowing down and focusing on the most tractable and useful ones (building houses of cards that don't topple over).


Assuntos
Distinções e Prêmios , Criatividade , Ciência , Arte , Humanos
9.
Explore (NY) ; 18(6): 630-631, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089489

Assuntos
Arte , Humanos
10.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 18(4): 97-100, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36132577

RESUMO

After a tumultuous time in the United States, including flunking out of medical school in 1901, Gertrude Stein, an iconic American author, art lover, and critic, moved to Paris in 1903 as an avant garde modernist who became a leading and legendary guru in the Parisian art and literature world.


Assuntos
Redação , Arte , História do Século XX , Humanos , Paris , Médicos , Estados Unidos
11.
BMJ Open ; 12(9): e058874, 2022 09 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36123098

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 crisis has led to the adoption of strict and coercive preventive measures. The implementation of these measures has generated negative impacts for many communities. The situation is especially worrisome for Indigenous communities in Peru. Therefore, it is necessary to recognise the contribution of the experiential knowledge of Indigenous communities and to implement innovative approaches. The use of art can be a promising avenue for working in partnership with Indigenous communities.The goal of this research is to (1) develop an intervention promoting barrier measures and vaccination to limit the transmission of COVID-19 among Indigenous communities using an arts-based and community-based knowledge translation and exchange (ACKTE) model; and (2) understand the contextual elements and mechanisms associated with the process of developing a preventive intervention using the ACKTE model. METHODOLOGY AND ANALYSIS: This research will take place in Indigenous communities in Peru and will be based on a developmental evaluation guided by the principles of realist evaluation. Members of two Indigenous communities, local authorities, health professionals and artists will participate in the intervention development process as well as in the developmental evaluation. For data collection, we will conduct modified talking circles and semistructured individual interviews with stakeholders as well as an analysis of documents and artistic works produced. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION OF RESULTS: This research received the approval of the Université du Québec à Rimouski's research ethics board. In addition to scientific articles, the results of this research will be disseminated through videos and during an artistic performance.


Assuntos
Arte , COVID-19 , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Saúde Pública , Ciência Translacional Biomédica
12.
Nervenarzt ; 93(9): 953-970, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048183

RESUMO

Art therapy is the intentional therapeutic use of the fine arts. Like music, dance, poetry and theater therapy, it is assigned to artistic therapy. This article provides an overview of general and recent developments as well as the state of the art in teaching in the discipline art therapy. Furthermore, two art therapeutic forms of intervention, the body outline image method (KUM) and Photo-Art-Therapy, are introduced. The aim is to further standardize the education and further training landscapes of art therapy, not least in order to further increase patient safety. This includes, for example, conveying systematically checked interventional measures and manuals that the students learn both theoretically and in the form of self-awareness. For about 10 years now, more and more high-impact quality research studies have been carried out Further evaluation studies in this field are desirable.


Assuntos
Arteterapia , Arte , Música , Arteterapia/métodos , Humanos , Aprendizagem
13.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 8576522, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36164422

RESUMO

The development of the times, the advancement of technology, and the innovation of the Internet have formed the soil for the growth of network literature and art. At present, there are still problems in the network literature and art, such as mixed fish and dragons, low quality, emphasis on entertainment, and weak responsibility, but its development is expected. Network literature and art is the product of the combination of literature and art and the development of science and technology. Meanwhile, network literature and art are an important part of social and economic development. It needs to seize the new opportunities of mobile digital technology to empower the creation, production, and dissemination of online literary and artistic works. Control the quality of online literature and art, guide its positive dissemination, and make it contribute to the prosperity of the entire Chinese literature and art.


Assuntos
Arte , Publicações , Tecnologia
14.
J Environ Public Health ; 2022: 1105679, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35942140

RESUMO

With the rapid development of the times, various industries have undergone earth-shaking changes in the face of development trends. The education industry is also making progress in development. Art design and new media technology can be better presented to the public, and it is also convenient for designers. This paper investigates the local art design and art design education. (1) The new media art design and the traditional art design are compared, and the advantages and disadvantages are analyzed. Both have advantages and disadvantages, and they should learn from each other and improve the disadvantages. (2) Conducted an investigation and analysis on art and design education, and the analysis results showed the defects of today's art and design education, and analyzed the methods of improving art and design education through the school's investigation and applied it to art and design education. (3) Artists and designers are very important for local art. This paper analyzes the genealogical relationship of art designers and the composition of local art designers, taking Yunnan as an example.


Assuntos
Arte , China
15.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 5718050, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35958743

RESUMO

In order to explore the real effect of art mental health therapy, this paper proposes a feature selection algorithm based on genetic algorithm. The algorithm takes college students as the research object and discusses the effect of psychotherapy on college students through painting art therapy. The results showed that there were extremely significant differences in EPQ extraversion factors among the people treated with the educational intervention of art psychology course (P < 0.01), and there was no significant change in other factors (P > 0.05). There was no significant change in total depression score and depression index (P > 0.05). There were significant differences in social avoidance factors and social anxiety (P < 0.05), and there were relatively significant differences in the total score of sadness (P < 0.01). It is concluded that the use of artistic elements can effectively help people express themselves and express their psychological emotions, which has a certain effect in mental health treatment.


Assuntos
Arte , Psicoterapia , Algoritmos , Emoções , Humanos , Psicoterapia/métodos , Estudantes
17.
MedUNAB ; 25(2): 290-290, 2022/08/01.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395813

RESUMO

Actualmente la aceleración de la economía, la sociedad y la tecnología, ha generado grandes problemáticas, lo que nos hace adentrar en discusiones bioéticas. Considerando la relación que hemos tenido a lo largo del tiempo con el planeta, su ecosistema y las consecuencias que hoy en día podemos apreciar, me surge la idea de un "enfoque ecocéntrico" para esta obra, siendo este el equilibrio entre especies y ecosistema, donde cada especie está ligada al bienestar de las demás, tanto individuos humanos como no humanos. En la pintura, creada con la técnica de óleo sobre lienzo, se puede observar cada individuo, en una relación de igualdad, cada detalle ha sido pensado de manera única, los colores y contrastes le dan un efecto surrealista que con este texto el lector podrá entender.


Assuntos
Arte , Ciência , Bioética , Ecossistema , Desenvolvimento Humano
18.
J Prof Nurs ; 41: 1-7, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35803643

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Purposeful visual training is effective. Increasingly, visual arts learning interventions are used by multiple disciplines to improve observation and communication skills, critical skills in healthcare. PURPOSE: The primary aim was to evaluate enhancement of skills in the observation, perception and communication domains of visual literacy following a fine arts intervention with nursing graduate students. METHODS: An art-based intervention with five visual thinking activities was collaboratively developed with a faculty director of an arts and humanities program and museum arts educator and implemented at a gallery with 94 Post-Master's Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) students in advanced roles and Clinical Nurse Leader (CNL) entry-to-practice graduate students. Participation in the non-randomized, non-controlled quantitative study with pre- and post-evaluation design was voluntary. Prior to and following the session, 63 participants completed a Visual Intelligence Assessment (VIA) tool and 70 completed an Image Assessment exercise. RESULTS: Pre-intervention scores were similar for the two groups. Post intervention, DNP VIA mean scores increased from 3.58 to 3.68 (p = .057) while CNL mean VIA scores decreased from 3.65 to 3.53 (p = .08). DNP students had significantly higher image scores post-intervention (p < .001), demonstrating improved use of objective language. No difference was found in CNL image scores pre and post. CONCLUSIONS: The intervention increased self-awareness and perceived understanding of the role of VI on perception and empathy. DNP students also improved observational skills and language. Magnitude and direction of change in self-awareness appears relative to prior experience and skill.


Assuntos
Arte , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Comunicação , Empatia , Humanos
20.
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