Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 8.995
Filtrar
1.
Soc Sci Med ; 350: 116950, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733731

RESUMO

This article draws on arts-based psycho-social research to explore embodied and visceral knowing and feeling in the context of people living with a diagnosis of borderline personality disorder (BPD). It presents a discussion of creative artworks solicited through a nation-wide online survey conducted in Australia in 2021 that generated intimate and affective understanding about living with a diagnosis of BPD. To investigate what lived experiences of distress associated with a BPD diagnosis communicate through sensation, emotion, image and affective capacity, the authors put to work Blackman's (2015) concept of "productive possibilities of negative states of being" and the broader theoretical framework of new materialism. This approach allows a more transformative feeling-with that exceeds the normative affective repertoires and scripts associated with a diagnosis of BPD. The authors recognise the often unspoken and invisible affects of complex mental distress and trauma, and purposefully open the space for affective and symbolic aspects of creative artworks to communicate what is less known or has less presence in dominant biomedical frameworks about living with a BPD diagnosis. The article foregrounds the lived and living experience of participants to generate experiential rather than clinical understandings of the diagnosis.


Assuntos
Arte , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline , Humanos , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/psicologia , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/diagnóstico , Feminino , Austrália , Adulto , Masculino , Emoções , Inquéritos e Questionários , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
2.
Rural Remote Health ; 24(2): 7832, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718830

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This article explores links between arts, health, and wellbeing for diverse First Nations and non-Indigenous peoples living in the very remote Barkly Region of the Northern Territory in Australia. The article stems from a major 3-year study of the Barkly arts sector conducted in partnership with Barkly Regional Arts and Regional Development Australia Northern Territory. Key findings relate to an arts-health ecology evident in the region, the interdependence between artists' own health and their arts activity, the value of arts spaces as places of safety and refuge, and the potential of the arts to promote cultural and intercultural healing and development. We discuss these findings in the context of relevant literature and make suggestions for future arts-health and wellbeing related research, policy and practice in rural and remote contexts. METHODS: This study employed an ecological mixed-methods research design, including quantitative and qualitative survey and interview data collection as well as collaborative, data-driven thematic analysis. The ecological approach was used to map a variety of creative practices through a broad range of art forms. Commercial, amateur and subsidised art and creative practices were included in this study and represented the multicultural population of the Barkly Region (both First Nations and non-Indigenous peoples). Arts and creativity in the region were recognized as a complex ecology that saw individuals, businesses, organisations and government working in different ways to sustain culture and contribute to social and economic development. RESULTS: Research participants from diverse cultural backgrounds recognised health and wellbeing benefits of arts and creative activity. Arts participation and engagement were reported to have intrinsic individual health and wellbeing effects such as mental health and mindfulness, emotional regulation, enjoyment, and relief of physical and emotional pain and stress alongside promoting spiritual connection to self, culture and community. The study indicates that the arts can also shape powerful determinants of health and wellbeing such as employment, poverty, racism, social inclusion, and natural and built environments. Barkly arts-health ecology featured extensive involvement from health and human service and arts organisations, which provided a strong foundation for inclusive, healing and holistic regional development. CONCLUSION: This study has outlined how arts and creative activity contribute to holistic regional development in the Barkly desert region, an area with a high percentage of First Nations peoples. Arts and creative activity were reported to have intrinsic health and wellbeing effects for individuals, which included mental health and mindfulness, emotional regulation, enjoyment, and relief of physical and emotional pain and stress as well as promoting spiritual connection to self, others and environment. Arts activities were also seen to shape powerful determinants of health and wellbeing such as employment, poverty, racism, social inclusion, and natural and built environments.


Assuntos
Arte , Humanos , Northern Territory , População Rural , Criatividade , Austrália
3.
Immunol Cell Biol ; 102(5): 315-320, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38693615

RESUMO

Art is a powerful tool for conveying scientific discovery. Despite the perceived gap between art and science, as highlighted by CP Snow and others, examples of art communicating science can be found in the ancient world, the Renaissance and contemporary data visualization, demonstrating an enduring and historic connection. However, much of science relies on visual elements, excluding those with blindness, low vision and diverse needs, resulting in their low representation in STEM discourse. This paper introduces a novel science and art collaboration in the form of an exhibition program exploring the concepts of Immunology and Biomedicine to blind and vision-impaired audiences, capitalizing on the lived experience of a legally blind artist. Employing multisensory design, art and co-creation methodologies, it transcends traditional vision-based science communication, showcasing the potential for multisensory art to bridge the gap at the intersection of science and inclusion.


Assuntos
Alergia e Imunologia , Arte , Humanos , Alergia e Imunologia/história , Cegueira/imunologia , Cegueira/terapia , Baixa Visão/imunologia , Ciência
4.
Immunol Cell Biol ; 102(5): 358-364, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38700076

RESUMO

This paper presents interdisciplinary research exploring the development of inclusive multisensory science books, communicating immunology data for blind, low-vision and diverse-needs audiences. The research adopted an inductive theory-building approach, practice-based art methods and music and design methods, leveraging the lived experience of a legally blind artist. The research also involved designers and scientists in a cocreation process, producing books that incorporate tactile artworks, Braille-inspired protein models, image sonification and interaction. Two multisensory book titles, "The Heroes Within You: A Multisensory Exploration of Infection and Immunity" and "My Goodness: A Multisensory Exploration of Nutrition and Immunity", were developed for the Monash Sensory Science 2023 Exhibition Day. The books offer an innovative way to make science and art more accessible and engaging, addressing the limitations of traditional museum methods. Feedback from audiences has been positive, emphasizing the fascination, sensory engagement and ease of understanding. This paper highlights the potential for an interdisciplinary and inclusive approach to science and art, demonstrating the value of multisensory books as tools for science communication. The findings highlight the positive reception of this novel approach and suggest its potential for broader applications, promoting inclusivity and accessibility.


Assuntos
Alergia e Imunologia , Livros , Humanos , Cegueira/imunologia , Cegueira/terapia , Arte , Pessoas com Deficiência Visual
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709091

Assuntos
Arteterapia , Humanos , Arte
7.
Behav Brain Sci ; 47: e109, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770867

RESUMO

Using art and aesthetics as context, we explore the notion that curiosity and creativity emanate from a single novelty-seeking mechanism and outline support for the idea. However, we also highlight the importance of learning progress tracking in exploratory action and advocate for a nuanced understanding that aligns novelty-seeking with learnability. This, we argue, offers a more comprehensive framework of how curiosity and creativity are related.


Assuntos
Arte , Criatividade , Comportamento Exploratório , Aprendizagem , Humanos , Comportamento Exploratório/fisiologia , Aprendizagem/fisiologia
8.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0298901, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38743722

RESUMO

The application of visual art and other extracurricular activities to children's sustainable development is predominantly discussed in Western countries. Consequently, non-Western society could not cherish the benefit of visual art on their children's cognitive and non-cognitive skill development due to a lack of evidence that would revive the community, educators, and policy-makers' impressions about visual art activities, in addition to its amusement use. Thus, the present study adopted a cross-sectional study comprised of a large-scale survey (N = 1624) taken from the southwest part of China to assess the impact of out-of-school visual art activities on children's academic attainment across economically advantaged and disadvantaged children. Astonishingly, the study's findings shed light on current Chinese parents' dedication to purchasing out-of-school activities regardless of their social class difference; notwithstanding, lower-class parents ought to learn that spending time with their children during their activities is more beneficial. The study's implication calls for curriculum policy reform involving aesthetic education and expanding community youth centers for different extracurricular activities.


Assuntos
Desempenho Acadêmico , Arte , Instituições Acadêmicas , Classe Social , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Estudos Transversais , China , Adolescente
9.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0296905, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38743723

RESUMO

The study was designed to explore and develop art students' interest and engagement in Kazakh mythology and using engraving techniques. The archetypic and challenges of Kazakh mythology in art students were not previously explored. Therefore, the need for study in this domain was essential to cover the gap in the literature. The gap has been recently discovered by Kazakh scholars although it has been explored by foreign authors but the authenticity of such studies remains a question. The study was experimental and the results show a strong association between art's student's engagement with Kazakh mythology using engraving techniques. Moreover, the elective course was selected by 90% class of the art students voluntarily. The teaching method developed for the study provides strong results and the outcome of the experiment was well above 80%. The study used a systematic method along with comparative analysis based on Kazakh myths, culture, ethnology, folklore, mythology, and archeology.


Assuntos
Mitologia , Humanos , Ensino , Estudantes , Arte , Masculino , Feminino
10.
J Physician Assist Educ ; 35(2): 198-200, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38640073

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Many physician assistant (PA) students first encounter death in the earliest days of their training when working with cadavers in the gross anatomy laboratory. Developing a deep knowledge of human anatomy is fundamental to health profession training programs and modern medical practice. Despite decreased laboratory hours and integration of technology and diagnostic imaging into modern anatomy courses, there remains value in the cadaver dissection experience. Medical learners experience diverse and complex feelings toward cadavers; learning to regulate one's personal responses within the anatomy laboratory is a skill that can be extrapolated to clinical practice. Art is one way for students to process their experiences with cadavers, and creating art for cadaver memorial ceremonies is an opportunity for student emotional processing while honoring the lives of their cadaveric teachers. A PA program in New England incorporated student art into a cadaver memorial ceremony, with 4 pieces of artwork and corresponding artist statements from that ceremony included in this piece. The works of art are visually diverse, but there is a shared sentiment in the artist statements of reflection, awe, appreciation, and humanity. Encouraging students to process complex experiences artistically may provide an enduring practice throughout a career in medicine.


Assuntos
Arte , Cadáver , Assistentes Médicos , Humanos , Assistentes Médicos/educação , Anatomia/educação
11.
Cult. cuid ; 28(68): 103-116, Abr 10, 2024. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-232315

RESUMO

El presente trabajo analiza la repercusión de la técnica de grabadono tóxica Collagraph, en personas con Demencia tempranatipo Alzhéimer, en el programa de educación artística “Retalesde una vida”. El objetivo es conectar a los participantes conprogramas de carácter cultural para fomentar la comunicacióne interacción entre participantes. La experiencia se llevó a caboen el Centro de Referencia Estatal para personas con Alzheimery otras Demencias de Salamanca (CREA). Una vez adaptadala metodología del taller a las características personales y desalud de las personas enfermas de Alzheimer, se considera lautilización del grabado genera importantes beneficios en losparticipantes, relacionados con el incremento de la inteligenciacristalizada, la conducta prosocial y la valoración positiva desí mismos, favoreciendo la inclusión social y familiar.Asimismo, el empleo del grabado puede ofrecer un soporte deayuda terapéutica individual y cooperativa a los participantes,desarrollar habilidades funcionales, sociales y cognitivas, ampliandosus recursos emocionales y disfrutar de la experiencia. A suvez fortalecen su autoestima y seguridad ante su capacidady valía. Por último, planteamos una serie de pautas para laplanificación e implementación de este proceso artístico paraque sirva de referente a profesionales de la salud.(AU)


The present work analyzes the repercussion of the non-toxic engraving technique Collagraph, in people with EarlyAlzheimer’s Dementia, in the artistic education program “Retalesde una vida”. The objective is to connect the participants withprograms of a cultural nature to encourage communication and interaction between participants. The experience wascarried out at the State Reference Center for people withAlzheimer’s and other Dementias of Salamanca (CREA). Oncethe methodology of the workshop has been adapted to thepersonal and health characteristics of people with Alzheimer'sdisease, it is considered that the use of engraving generatesimportant benefits in the participants, related to the increasein crystallized intelligence, prosocial behavior and positiveassessment. of themselves, favoring social and family inclusion.Likewise, the use of engraving can offer support for individualand cooperative therapeutic help to the participants, developfunctional, social and cognitive skills, expanding theiremotional resources and enjoying the experience. In turn,they strengthen their self-esteem and security in the faceof their ability and worth. Finally, we propose a series ofguidelines for the planning and implementation of this artisticprocess so that it serves as a reference for health professionals.(AU)


O presente trabalho analisa a repercussão da técnica degravura atóxica Collagraph, em pessoas com DemênciaInicial de Alzheimer, no programa de educação artística“Retales de una vida”. O objetivo é conectar os participantes aprogramas de cunho cultural para estimular a comunicação ea interação entre os participantes. A experiência foi realizadano Centro Estadual de Referência para Pessoas com Alzheimere outras Demências de Salamanca (CREA). Uma vez quea metodologia da oficina foi adaptada às característicaspessoais e de saúde das pessoas com doença de Alzheimer,considerase que o uso da gravura gera importantes benefíciosnos participantes, relacionados ao aumento da inteligênciacristalizada, comportamento prósocial e avaliação positivade si mesmos, favorecendo a inclusão social e familiar.Da mesma forma, o uso da gravura pode oferecer suporte paraajuda terapêutica individual e cooperativa aos participantes,desenvolver habilidades funcionais, sociais e cognitivas, ampliandoseus recursos emocionais e desfrutando da experiência. Porsua vez, fortalecem sua auto-estima e segurança diante de suacapacidade e valor. Por fim, propomos uma série de diretrizespara o planejamento e implementação desse processo artísticopara que sirva de referência para os profissionais de saúde.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Demência/enfermagem , Doença de Alzheimer , Arte , Gravuras e Gravação , Comunicação
12.
Psychiatry Clin Neurosci ; 78(4): 265, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586970
13.
Clin Ter ; 175(2): 101-109, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571466

RESUMO

Background: Art-based education is gaining interest in the medical field, particularly in specialties with a strong visual focus. Visual arts are increasingly used for the development of observational skills and social competencies. While content and objectives of art-based programs widely differ across medical faculties in the Netherlands, the diverse range of options underscore the interest in and the potential of this educational approach. In this report, we explore the value of art-based observational training for medical students and surgical residents in two prominent Dutch museums in Amsterdam and Rotterdam, respectively. Methods: Our program, conducted at the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam and Depot Boijmans van Beuningen Museum in Rotterdam engaged medical students (n=24) and surgeons (in training) (n=66) in an interactive workshop focused on art observation led by an experienced art-educator and a clinical professional. Learning objectives were defined and a post-workshop questionnaire was devised to evaluate participants' perceptions, with a specific focus on contribution of the program to professional development. Results: Both residents and surgeons acknowledged that the program had a positive impact on their professional skills. The program learned them to postpone their judgements and contributed to the awareness of their personal bias. Notably, medical students believed in the program's potential contribution to their professional development. Surgeons were more critical in their evaluation, emphasizing the challenge of sustainable improvement of skills within the limited duration of the course. Conclusions: An interactive art-based medical education program was offered to medical students, PhD students, house officers, surgical residents and surgeons in two well known Dutch museums. Participants expressed enthusiasm for the innovative educational approach they experienced at the museums. They learned about the importance of critical observation in their professional work, handling of ambiguity and got the opportunity to practice both observational and communicational skills in a creative manner. The findings indicate that medical students and surgical residents can benefit from art-based observational training, using art as a vehicle to develop their professional competencies.


Assuntos
Arte , Educação Médica , Internato e Residência , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Museus , Currículo
14.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1385916, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38680937

RESUMO

Introduction: Robust digital and community-led approaches are needed to combat health misinformation, as highlighted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Such gaps in public health outreach, compounded by systemic health barriers, contributed to higher rates of COVID-19 infection, mortality, and mental health effects among Hispanics during the peak of the pandemic. Thus, we conducted a community-based art-meets-health intervention [Stay Connected Los Angeles (SCLA)] to address the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic in Hispanic communities. Methods: Led by local artists in collaboration with public health specialists and community members, SCLA used multimedia to promote infection mitigation behaviors and psychological well-being among the 120,000 residents of Eastern Los Angeles. Campaign materials were designed with input from community representatives and included digital media, large-scale murals, and comic-book style pieces. Two semi-structured focus groups (one in English and another in Spanish) were conducted to solicit participants' views on attributes of the campaign. Independent coders analyzed transcripts and applied thematic analysis to summarize key learnings regarding central health and mitigation messages, media modalities, how health information would be communicated, and the ideal spokespersons for delivering health-related messages. Results: Focus group participants emphasized the effectiveness of social media, GIFs, and references to popular media. Further, youth involvement in the creative process was deemed to be important. Participants highlighted the need for clarity in public health messaging and adaptation of visual campaigns to the preferences of diverse age groups through different art styles. Finally, community leaders were found to be critical health information sources. Discussion: As a model of a culturally tailored arts-meets health public education campaign, SCLA yielded valuable information on how to structure future public health messaging and media to create a meaningful improvement in health knowledge, mental well-being, and compliance with mitigation behaviors in communities that are often overlooked. Contributions from local artists can heighten appeal and acceptability of messages.


Assuntos
Arte , COVID-19 , Educação em Saúde , Promoção da Saúde , Hispânico ou Latino , Humanos , Hispânico ou Latino/psicologia , Los Angeles , Masculino , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Adulto , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Grupos Focais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
J Youth Adolesc ; 53(6): 1396-1414, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38466529

RESUMO

Participation in arts, culture, and entertainment (PACE) activities may promote adolescent wellbeing. However, little is known about how such activities cluster together, and previous research has used small samples, cross-sectional designs, focused on single activities, and/or has not considered the influence of socio-demographic factors on participation. Using latent class analysis, the aims of this study were to establish: (i) classes of adolescent PACE activities; (ii) associations between socio-demographic characteristics and PACE classification; and, (iii) whether PACE classification predicts later wellbeing. Longitudinal data from the #BeeWell study (N = 18,224 adolescents; mean age at T1 = 12 years 7 months (±3.56 months); 50.54% female) were analyzed. Four latent classes were established: the 'Dynamic Doers' (high, wide-ranging participation; 11.87%); the 'Mind and Body Crew' (reading, arts, videogames, sports/exercise; 39.81%); the 'Game and Gain Squad' (videogames and sports/exercise; 29.05%); and the 'Activity Free Adolescents' (uniformly low participation; 19.27%). Associations between socio-demographic characteristics and PACE classification were observed (e.g., socio-economic disadvantage increased the likelihood of Activity Free Adolescents classification, compared to Game and Gain Squad classification). Finally, PACE classification predicted later wellbeing (e.g., Dynamic Doers reported significantly higher wellbeing than Activity Free Adolescents). These findings are discussed in relation to the need to improve accessibility and appeal of arts, culture, and entertainment provision for adolescents as a means to optimize their wellbeing. PRE-REGISTRATION: The analysis plan for this study was pre-registered on the Open Science Framework and can be found here: https://osf.io/2jtpd.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Arte , Análise de Classes Latentes , Humanos , Adolescente , Feminino , Masculino , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Atividades de Lazer/psicologia , Cultura , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Criança , Participação Social/psicologia
17.
Neuropsychologia ; 198: 108854, 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38493826

RESUMO

Visuospatial cognition encapsulates an individual's ability to efficiently navigate and make sense of the multimodal cues from their surroundings, and therefore has been linked to expert performance across multiple domains, including sports, performing arts, and highly skilled tasks, such as drawing (Morrone and Minini, 2023). As neural efficiency posits a task-specific functional reorganization facilitated by long-term training, the present study employs a visuospatial construction task as a means of investigating the neurophysiological adaptations associated with expert visuospatial cognitive performance. Electroencephalogram (EEG) data acquisitions were used to evaluate the event-related changes (ER%) and statistical topographic maps of nine expert versus nine novice artists. The expert artists displayed overall higher global ER% compared to the novices within task-active intervals. Significant increases in relative ER% were found in the theta (t (10) = 3.528, p = 0.003, CI = [27.3,120.9]), lower-alpha (t (10) = 3.751, p = 0.002, CI = [28.2,110.5]), upper-alpha (t (10) = 3.829, p = 0.002, CI = [50.2,189.8]), and low beta (t (10) = 4.342, p < 0.001, CI = [37.0,114.9]) frequency bands, when comparing the experts to the novice participants. These results were particularly found in the frontal (t (14) = 2.014, p = 0.032, CI = [7.7,245.4]) and occipital (t (14) = 2.647, p = 0.010, CI = [45.0,429.7]) regions. Further, a significant decrease in alpha ER% from lower to upper activity (t (8) = 4.475, p = 0.001, CI = [21.0, 65.8]) was found across cortical regions in the novice group. Notably, greater deviation between lower and upper-alpha activity was found across scalp locations in the novice group, compared to the experts. Overall, the findings demonstrate potential local and global EEG-based indices of selective cortical adaptations within a task requiring a high degree of visuospatial cognition, although further work is needed to replicate these findings across other domains.


Assuntos
Córtex Cerebral , Eletroencefalografia , Percepção Espacial , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Percepção Espacial/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem , Córtex Cerebral/fisiologia , Adaptação Fisiológica/fisiologia , Percepção Visual/fisiologia , Arte , Mapeamento Encefálico
18.
Cancer Med ; 13(7): e7044, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38545808

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Co-creation, characterised by artists and patients creating a joint work of art, may support patients with the integration of life events, such as living with cancer, into their life story. In the process of co-creation, resonance relationships between patients, artists and material may evolve that support such integration. Using the framework of resonance theory, we aim to investigate if and how patients move through the three phases of resonance during a process of co-creation and explore the role of uncontrollability in this process. METHODS: Ten patients who received cancer treatment with palliative intent completed co-creation processes, which were audio recorded. These recordings were imported in Atlas-Ti and analysed by applying content analysis. We searched for the three phases of resonance, Being affected, touched and moved; Self-efficacy and responding; Adaptive transformation. We additionally searched for signs of uncontrollability. RESULTS: Patients used 4-8 sessions (median 5 sessions) with a duration 90-240 min per session (median duration 120 min). We found that patients move through the three phases of resonance during co-creation processes. Uncontrollability both presents a challenge and an invitation to integrate experiences of contingency into one's life narrative. Patients express self-recognition and the experience of contingency in their work of art. CONCLUSIONS: Integration of experiences of contingency into a life narrative can be supported by the process of co-creation of art, which invites patients to relate to their illness, their environment and themselves. The phases of resonance in combination with uncontrollability as a continuously present factor, provide a means to both study and support the integration of experiences of contingency into the life narrative.


Assuntos
Arte , Neoplasias , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Neoplasias/terapia
19.
Nurse Educ Today ; 138: 106185, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38555825

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify, critically appraise and synthesise evidence of the use and effectiveness of the arts for enhancing pre-registration/prelicensure healthcare students' empathy skills. DESIGN: A systematic review of mixed methods literature. DATA SOURCES: A search of six electronic databases was conducted. REVIEW METHODS: Articles describing English language, peer-reviewed, primary research studies reporting empathy as an outcome of an arts-based intervention with pre-registration/prelicensure healthcare students (years 1-7) and published between 2000 and 2024 were eligible for inclusion. The JBI Manual for Evidence Synthesis guided the review and a convergent segregated methodology was used to synthesise the results. Methodological rigour of included studies was examined using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool. RESULTS: Twenty studies from 12 countries described the use of the arts to develop empathy, with visual arts being the most common approach (n = 8). Other modalities included film, drama, digital stories, literature, creative writing, music, poetry, photography and dance. Studies included nursing, medicine and dental, pharmacy and/or health sciences students. Ten studies used quantitative methods, three qualitative, and seven used mixed methods designs. Of the studies that presented pre-post outcome measures, nine reported significant gains in empathy scores at post-test and two reported non-significant gains in empathy. In eight studies, empathy scores demonstrated a significant intervention effect with effect sizes ranging from moderate (d = 0.52) to large (d = 1.19). Findings from qualitative studies revealed that arts pedagogies support students to better understand the perspectives of people with a lived experience of suffering but that these approaches are sometimes perceived negatively by students. CONCLUSIONS: Arts interventions generally have a positive effect on healthcare students' empathy levels and enable a nuanced conceptual understanding of empathy. Arts modalities used as a stimulus for active learning and supported with facilitated group-based discussion and/or reflection, tend to be most effective.


Assuntos
Empatia , Humanos , Arte , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/psicologia
20.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6336, 2024 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491272

RESUMO

Hand stencils are a remarkable graphic expression in Prehistoric rock art, dating back to 42 ka BP. Although these stencils provide direct impressions of the artists' hands, the characterization of their biological profile (i.e., biological sex and age) is very challenging. Previous studies have attempted this analysis with traditional morphometrics (TM), whereas little research has been undertaken using Geometric Morphometrics (GM), a method widely used in other disciplines but only tentatively employed in rock art studies. However, the large variation in relative finger position in archaeological hands poses the question of whether these representations can be examined through GM, or, in contrast, if this creates an unmanageable error in the results. To address this issue, a 2D hand scans sample of 70 living individuals (F = 35; M = 35) has been collected in three standardized positions (n = 210) and digitized with 32 2D conventional landmarks. Results show that the intra-individual distance (mean Procrustes distance between Pos. 1-2 = 0.132; 2-3 = 0.191; 1-3 = 0.292) is larger than the inter-individual distance (mean in 1 = 0.122; 2 = 0.142; 3 = 0.165). Finally, it has been demonstrated that the relative finger positions, as well as the inclusion of all hand parts in the analysis, have an overshadowing effect on other variables potentially involved in the morphometric variability of the hand, such as biological sex.


Assuntos
Arqueologia , Arte , Humanos , Matemática
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...