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1.
Eur J Radiol ; 174: 111395, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428319

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Two recent clinical trials showed mechanical thrombectomy (MT) of basilar-artery occlusions (BAO) in stroke to be safe and effective: Endovascular Treatment for Acute BAO (ATTENTION) and BAO Chinese Endovascular (BAOCHE). The trials restricted patient inclusion on both age and pre-stroke mRS, and with both trials conducted in China, population differences may affect generalisability of the trial results. METHODS: Consecutive patients with BAO undergoing MT were registered from 2017 to 2021 with retrospective data collection at a single centre with a predominantly Caucasian catchment population of 2.7 million. Age and pre-stroke modified Rankin Scale (mRS) were not absolute contraindications for MT. We present functional outcome as mRS at 90 days, patient characteristics and procedural safety compared to the trial intervention groups. RESULTS: Of the 108 included patients, 50 % achieved mRS 0-3 at 90 days and mortality was 32 %, which was no different from ATTENTION (46 %, p = 0.40, 37 %, p = 0.31, respectively) and BAOCHE (46 %, p = 0.50, 31 %, p = 0.93). Pre-stroke mRS 0 was seen in 62 %, 89 %, and 77 % of the study patients, ATTENTION, and BAOCHE, respectively. Proximal segment BAO was less common (22 % vs. 31 %, p = 0.04, and 65 %, p < 0.01) and intracranial stenting less frequently used (9 % vs. 40 % and 55 %, p < 0.01) in study patients compared to ATTENTION and BAOCHE, respectively. CONCLUSION: Outcome of MT in BAO stroke in a clinical patient cohort was similar to recent trials, despite broader patient inclusion and differences in both occluded BAO segment and use of stenting. Our study suggest that MT is safe and effective in a Caucasian population.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Artéria Basilar , Trombectomia/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/cirurgia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia
2.
Scand J Med Sci Sports ; 34(3): e14592, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38458973

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES) is a rare condition where musculoskeletal structures compress the popliteal artery (POPA) leading to vascular compromise. This study investigates the effect of dynamic plantar- and dorsi-flexion loading on POPA hemodynamic parameters to develop a robust diagnostic ultrasound-based protocol for diagnosing functional PAES. METHODS: Healthy individuals (n = 20), recreational athletes (n = 20), and symptomatic (n = 20) PAES patients were consented. Triplex ultrasound imaging of lower limb arteries was performed (n = 120 limbs). Proximal and distal POPA's in dorsi-/plantar-flexion, in prone and erect positions, were imaged at rest and flexion. Peak systolic velocities (cm/s) and vessel diameter (antero-posterior, cm) was measured. RESULTS: Distal vessel occlusion was noted across all three groups whilst prone during plantar-flexion (62.7%). POPA occlusion was only noted in the proximal vessel within the patient group (15.8%). When prone, 50% of control (n = 40 limbs), 70% of athletes (n = 40 limbs), and 65% of patients (n = 40 limbs) had distal POPA occlusion in plantar-flexion. When prone, recreational athletes (5%), and patients (12.5%) had distal POPA compression under dorsi-flexion. POPA occlusions with the patient in erect position were only noted in the symptomatic patient group under both dorsi-flexion (15.8%) and plantar-flexion (23.7%). CONCLUSION: Compression of the POPA on ultrasound should not be the sole diagnostic criteria for PAES. POPA compression exists in asymptomatic individuals, primarily under prone plantar-flexion. To reduce false positives, ultrasound-based protocols should focus on scanning patients in the erect position only to diagnose PAES, rather than asymptomatic POPA compression. A distinction should be made between the two.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Doença Arterial Periférica , Síndrome do Aprisionamento da Artéria Poplítea , Humanos , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemodinâmica , Ultrassonografia
3.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (3): 21-28, 2024.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38477240

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the short-term and long-term outcomes of hybrid interventions after various infrainguinal reconstructions (restoration of blood flow through superficial femoral artery and pulsatile blood flow through deep femoral artery) in patients with iliac-femoral arterial disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis included patients after hybrid iliac-femoral interventions between 2014 and 2018. These interventions included stenting of iliac arteries and various open infrainguinal reconstructions. The first group (n=41) consisted of patients who underwent reconstruction of superficial femoral artery, the second group (n=88) - restoration of pulsatile blood flow in deep femoral artery. We analyzed the Rutherford score, perioperative complications, primary patency rates and limb salvage rates after 12 months in both groups. RESULTS: Significant improvement (Rutherford score +3) was achieved in 28 (70%) and 14 (15.9%) patients, respectively (p<0.05). There were no significant between-group differences in the number of postoperative complications. Surgery time was longer in the first group (median 160 and 130 min, respectively, p<0.05). However, intraoperative blood loss was similar. Primary patency rates after 12 months were 82.4% and 95.1%, respectively (p=0.054). Limb salvage rates after 12 months were 94.7% and 100%, respectively (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: This study highlights the potential advantages of restoring pulsatile blood flow through the deep femoral artery in hybrid interventions. Higher primary patency and limb salvage rates in the second group indicate better long-term outcomes after restoration of blood flow through the deep femoral artery. Further prospective studies are needed to confirm these results and determine the underlying mechanisms of differences.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Artéria Femoral , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Salvamento de Membro , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Fatores de Risco
4.
J Med Virol ; 96(3): e29519, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38465773

RESUMO

Peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) is a clinical manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis and is always associated with cerebrovascular disease and various complications. The aim of our study is to evaluate the relationship between the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection and the subsequent PAOD development. A retrospective cohort study was conducted and individuals with COVID-19 infection were identified from the TriNetX analytics platform. A total of 2 206 065 patients with COVID-19 infection and 2 206 065 patients without COVID-19 infection were recruited after exclusion and matching. The primary outcome was the development of PAOD after the COVID-19 infection. The Cox proportional hazard regression was adopted to yield the hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of PAOD between groups. After the whole follow-up period, the incidence of PAOD was significantly higher in the COVID-19 group at both the 3-month follow-up (HR: 1.27, 95% CI: 1.24-1.30) and the 12-month follow-up (HR: 1.33, 95% CI: 1.31-1.35) The Kaplan-Meier analysis with the log-rank test demonstrated a higher cumulative probability of PAOD in the COVID-19 group compared to the non-COVID-19 group (p < 0.001). In stratified analysis using 65 years as the threshold, both age groups in the COVID-19 group exhibited a higher risk of PAOD. Similarly, in the sex and race stratified analysis, the COVID-19 group performed a higher risk of PAOD in both subgroups. In conclusion, the COVID-19 infections are strongly associated with an increment of PAOD incidence.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , COVID-19 , Doença Arterial Periférica , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Incidência , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/epidemiologia
5.
Eur Radiol Exp ; 8(1): 30, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38472603

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated a deep learning (DL) algorithm for detecting vessel steno-occlusions in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). It utilised a private dataset, which was acquired and annotated by the authors through their institution and subsequently validated by two blinded readers. METHODS: A single-centre retrospective study analysed 105 magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) images using an EfficientNet B0 DL model. Initially, inter-reader variability was assessed using the complete dataset. For a subset of these images (29 from the left side and 35 from the right side) where digital subtraction angiography (DSA) data was available as the ground truth, the model's accuracy and the area under the curve at receiver operating characteristics analysis (ROC-AUC) were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 105 patient examinations (mean age, 75 years ±12 [mean ± standard deviation], 61 men) were evaluated. Radiologist-DL model agreement had a quadratic weighted Cohen κ ≥ 0.72 (left side) and ≥ 0.66 (right side). Radiologist inter-reader agreement was ≥ 0.90 (left side) and ≥ 0.87 (right side). The DL model achieved a 0.897 accuracy and a 0.913 ROC-AUC (left side) and 0.743 and 0.830 (right side). Radiologists achieved 0.931 and 0.862 accuracies, with 0.930 and 0.861 ROC-AUCs (left side), and 0.800 and 0.799 accuracies, with 0.771 ROC-AUCs (right side). CONCLUSION: The DL model provided valid results in identifying arterial steno-occlusion in the superficial femoral and popliteal arteries on MRA among PAD patients. However, it did not reach the inter-reader agreement of two radiologists. RELEVANCE STATEMENT: The tested DL model is a promising tool for assisting in the detection of arterial steno-occlusion in patients with PAD, but further optimisation is necessary to provide radiologists with useful support in their daily routine diagnostics. KEY POINTS: • This study focused on the application of DL for arterial steno-occlusion detection in lower extremities on MRA. • A previously developed DL model was tested for accuracy and inter-reader agreement. • While the model showed promising results, it does not yet replace human expertise in detecting arterial steno-occlusion on MRA.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Doença Arterial Periférica , Masculino , Humanos , Idoso , Meios de Contraste , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Inteligência Artificial , Estudos Retrospectivos , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico
6.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 13(6): e032107, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471827

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to establish and validate a nomogram model for predicting 90-day mortality in patients with acute basilar artery occlusion receiving endovascular thrombectomy. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 242 patients with basilar artery occlusion undergoing endovascular thrombectomy were enrolled in our study, in which 172 patients from 3 stroke centers were assigned to the training cohort, and 70 patients from another center were assigned to the validation cohort. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were adopted to screen prognostic predictors, and those with significance were subjected to establish a nomogram model in the training cohort. The discriminative accuracy, calibration, and clinical usefulness of the nomogram model was verified in the internal and external cohorts. Six variables, including age, baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, Posterior Circulation-Alberta Stroke Program Early CT (Computed Tomography) score, Basilar Artery on Computed Tomography Angiography score, recanalization failure, and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, were identified as independent predictors of 90-day mortality of patients with basilar artery occlusion and were subjected to develop a nomogram model. The nomogram model exhibited good discrimination, calibration, and clinical usefulness in both the internal and the external cohorts. Additionally, patients were divided into low-, moderate-, and high-risk groups based on the risk-stratified nomogram model. CONCLUSIONS: Our study proposed a novel nomogram model that could effectively predict 90-day mortality of patients with basilar artery occlusion after endovascular thrombectomy and stratify patients with high, moderate, or low risk, which has a potential to facilitate prognostic judgment and clinical management of stroke.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Insuficiência Vertebrobasilar , Humanos , Artéria Basilar , Nomogramas , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombectomia/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Medição de Risco , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos
7.
Neurology ; 102(8): e209249, 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38531004

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recanalization is considered a prerequisite for favorable outcome in basilar artery occlusion (BAO). Intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) has been successfully used for eligible patients with BAO well beyond the 4.5-hour time window but has been largely underrepresented in the best medical management arms in recent randomized controlled trials of recanalization therapy in BAO. We aimed to analyze the outcomes of patients with BAO treated with IVT only and to compare IVT with endovascular thrombectomy (EVT). METHODS: This observational single-center, retrospective cohort study included consecutive patients with BAO treated with IVT and/or EVT up to 48 hours of symptom onset during 1995-2022. The primary outcome was favorable functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale 0-3) at 3 months collected by a stroke physician by phone. In the first part, we described the outcomes and factors associated with functional outcome in the IVT-only cohort during 1995-2022. In the second part, we used doubly robust inverse probability-weighted regression adjustment models to compare functional outcome of patients treated with IVT vs EVT+/-IVT during 2010-2022. RESULTS: In the whole cohort of 376 patients with acute BAO treated with recanalization therapy, 245 (65.2%) received only IVT. In the IVT-only cohort, most patients had moderate-to-severe clinical presentation (median NIH Stroke Scale 18) but no extensive early ischemic changes in the posterior circulation on admission. Half of them had onset-to-treatment time over 6 hours. 46.5% of the IVT-treated patients achieved 3-month favorable functional outcome, whereas mortality was 35.9%. sICH occurred in 11.1%. In a multivariable analysis, younger age, milder symptom severity, and less baseline ischemic changes predicted favorable functional outcome. In the 2010-2022 cohort, when compared with patients treated with EVT+/-IVT (n = 121), the IVT-only cohort (n = 122) had higher odds for favorable functional outcome (IVT 58.2% vs EVT 43.0% (aOR 2.82 [95% CI 1.31-6.05]). DISCUSSION: IVT alone produced outcomes comparable with those in recent trials of endovascular BAO recanalization. Furthermore, in head-to-head comparison in our cohort, the IVT-only approach was more often associated with favorable outcome than EVT+/-IVT. Thus, it should not be overlooked as the first-line recanalization therapy in acute BAO, even in longer time windows. CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE: This study provides Class IV evidence that tPA is as effective as thrombectomy for basilar artery thrombosis.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Artéria Basilar , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/terapia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia
9.
Transpl Int ; 37: 12085, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38379606

RESUMO

In patients with severe aorto-iliac calcifications, vascular reconstructions can be performed in order to allow kidney transplantation. The aim of this study was to analyze the outcomes of kidney transplant candidates who underwent an aortobifemoral bypass (ABFB) for aorto-iliac calcifications. A retrospective study including all kidney transplant candidates who underwent an ABFB between 2012 and 2022 was performed. Primary outcome was 30-day morbidity-mortality after ABFB. Secondary outcome was accessibility to kidney transplant waiting list. Twenty-two ABFBs were performed: 10 ABFBs in asymptomatic patients presenting severe aorto-iliac circumferential calcifications without hemodynamic consequences, and 12 ABFBs in symptomatic patients in whom aorto-iliac calcifications were responsible for claudication or critical limb threatening ischemia. Overall 30-day mortality was 0%. Overall 30-day morbidity was 22.7%: 1 femoral hematoma and 1 retroperitoneal hematoma requiring surgical drainage in the asymptomatic group, and 2 digestive ischemia requiring bowel resection and 1 femoral hematoma requiring surgical drainage in the symptomatic group. Among the 22 patients, 20 patients could access to kidney waiting list and 8 patients underwent a kidney transplantation, including 3 living-donor transplantations. Aorto-iliac revascularization can be an option to overcome severe calcifications contraindicating kidney transplantation.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Transplante de Rim , Humanos , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Isquemia/cirurgia , Hematoma
10.
Stroke ; 55(3): 569-575, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38323425

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A proportion of large vessel occlusion strokes demonstrate early recanalization, obviating the initial intention to proceed to endovascular thrombectomy. Neurological improvement is a possible surrogate marker for reperfusion. We aimed to determine the optimal threshold of neurological improvement, as defined by the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), which best associates with early recanalization. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed consecutive patients with large vessel occlusion transferred from primary stroke centers to a tertiary comprehensive stroke center in Melbourne, Australia, for possible endovascular thrombectomy from January 2018 to December 2022. Absolute and percentage changes in NIHSS between transfer, as well as other definitions of neurological improvement, were compared using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis for association with recanalization as defined by the absence of occlusion in the internal carotid artery, middle cerebral artery (M1 or M2 segments), or basilar artery on repeat vascular imaging. RESULTS: Six hundred and fifty-four transferred patients with large vessel occlusion were included in the analysis: mean age was 68.8±14.0 years, 301 (46.0%) were women, and 338 (52%) received intravenous thrombolytics. The proportion of extracranial internal carotid artery, intracranial internal carotid artery, M1, proximal M2, and basilar artery occlusion was 18.8%, 13.6%, 48.3%, 15.0%, and 4.3%, respectively, on initial computed tomography angiogram. Median NIHSSprimary stroke center and NIHSScomprehensive stroke center scores were 15 (interquartile range, 9-18) and 13 (interquartile range, 8-19), respectively. Early recanalization occurred in 82 (13%) patients. NIHSS reduction of ≥33% was the best tradeoff between sensitivity (64%) and specificity (83%) for identifying recanalization. NIHSS reduction of ≥33% had the highest discriminative ability to predict recanalization (area under the curve, 0.735) in comparison with other definitions of neurological improvement. CONCLUSIONS: One-third neurological improvement between the primary hospital and tertiary center was the best predictor of early recanalization.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/cirurgia , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Trombectomia/métodos , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/tratamento farmacológico
11.
Stroke ; 55(3): 548-554, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38299328

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Differences in clinical presentation of acute ischemic stroke between men and women may affect prehospital identification of anterior circulation large vessel occlusion (aLVO). We assessed sex differences in diagnostic performance of 8 prehospital scales to detect aLVO. METHODS: We analyzed pooled individual patient data from 2 prospective cohort studies (LPSS [Leiden Prehospital Stroke Study] and PRESTO [Prehospital Triage of Patients With Suspected Stroke Study]) conducted in the Netherlands between 2018 and 2019, including consecutive patients ≥18 years suspected of acute stroke who presented within 6 hours after symptom onset. Ambulance paramedics assessed clinical items from 8 prehospital aLVO detection scales: Los Angeles Motor Scale, Rapid Arterial Occlusion Evaluation, Cincinnati Stroke Triage Assessment Tool, Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale, Prehospital Acute Stroke Severity, gaze-face-arm-speech-time, Conveniently Grasped Field Assessment Stroke Triage, and Face-Arm-Speech-Time Plus Severe Arm or Leg Motor Deficit. We assessed the diagnostic performance of these scales for identifying aLVO at prespecified cut points for men and women. RESULTS: Of 2358 patients with suspected stroke (median age, 73 years; 47% women), 231 (10%) had aLVO (100/1114 [9%] women and 131/1244 [11%] men). The area under the curve of the scales ranged from 0.70 (95% CI, 0.65-0.75) to 0.77 (95% CI, 0.73-0.82) in women versus 0.69 (95% CI, 0.64-0.73) to 0.75 (95% CI, 0.71-0.79) in men. Positive predictive values ranged from 0.23 (95% CI, 0.20-0.27) to 0.29 (95% CI, 0.26-0.31) in women versus 0.29 (95% CI, 0.24-0.33) to 0.37 (95% CI, 0.32-0.43) in men. Negative predictive values were similar (0.95 [95% CI, 0.94-0.96] to 0.98 [95% CI, 0.97-0.98] in women versus 0.94 [95% CI, 0.93-0.95] to 0.96 [95% CI, 0.94-0.97] in men). Sensitivity of the scales was slightly higher in women than in men (0.53 [95% CI, 0.43-0.63] to 0.76 [95% CI, 0.68-0.84] versus 0.49 [95% CI, 0.40-0.57] to 0.63 [95% CI, 0.55-0.73]), whereas specificity was lower (0.79 [95% CI, 0.76-0.81] to 0.87 [95% CI, 0.84-0.89] versus 0.82 [95% CI, 0.79-0.84] to 0.90 [95% CI, 0.88-0.91]). Rapid arterial occlusion evaluation showed the highest positive predictive values in both sexes (0.29 in women and 0.37 in men), reflecting the different event rates. CONCLUSIONS: aLVO scales show similar diagnostic performance in both sexes. The rapid arterial occlusion evaluation scale may help optimize prehospital transport decision-making in men as well as in women with suspected stroke.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Isquemia Encefálica , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Idoso , Caracteres Sexuais , Estudos Prospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Triagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(7): e36813, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363911

RESUMO

There is no consensus on the optimal treatment for non-acute symptomatic intracranial vertebral artery occlusion, and endovascular recanalization is a challenging procedure. We report our clinical experience of endovascular recanalization in patients with non-acute symptomatic intracranial vertebral artery occlusion to assess the feasibility and safety of endovascular recanalization and determine the candidate patients for this procedure. Ninety-two patients with non-acute symptomatic intracranial vertebral artery occlusion who underwent endovascular recanalization from January 2019 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. we grouped all patients according to imaging examination findings, occlusion length, duration, nature, calcification, and angulation to evaluate the risk of endovascular recanalization. The overall success rate of endovascular recanalization was 83.7% (77/92), and the perioperative complication rate was 10.9% (10/92). Among the 3 classification groups, the recanalization success rate gradually decreased from the low-risk group to the high-risk group (low-risk: 100%, medium-risk: 93.3%, high-risk group: 27.8%, P = .047), while the overall perioperative complication rate showed the opposite trend (0%, 10.0%, 38.9%, respectively, P = .001); the proportion of patients with 90-day modified Rankin Scale scores of 0-2 decreased successively (100%, 83.3%, and 22.2%, respectively, P < .026); 77 patients with successful recanalization were followed; the rate of restenosis/reocclusion increased sequentially (0%, 17.9%, and 80%, respectively, P = .000). Patients in the low- and medium-risk groups showed a good clinical course after endovascular recanalization. Among 88 patients (four patients lost to follow-up), with a median clinical follow-up of 13 months (interquartile range », 7-16), the rate of stroke or death after 30 days was 17.4% (16/92). Endovascular recanalization is safe and feasible for low- and medium-risk patients with non-acute symptomatic intracranial vertebral artery occlusion; it is also an alternative to conservative therapy for the patients.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Artéria Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Vertebral/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/complicações , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos
13.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 173: 116318, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38401522

RESUMO

Retinal ischemia is a significant factor in various vision-threatening diseases, but effective treatments are currently lacking. This study explores the potential of stem cell factor (SCF) in regulating the neurovascular unit as a therapeutic intervention for retinal ischemic diseases. A chronic retinal ischemia model was established in Brown Norway rats using bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO). Subsequent SCF treatment resulted in a remarkable recovery of retinal function, as indicated by electroretinogram, light/dark transition test, and optokinetic head tracking test results. Histological examination demonstrated a significant increase in the number of retinal neurons and an overall thickening of the retina. Immunofluorescence confirmed these findings and further demonstrated that SCF treatment regulated retinal remodeling. Notably, SCF treatment ameliorated the disrupted expression of synaptic markers in the control group's BCCAO rats and suppressed the activation of Müller cells and microglia. Retinal whole-mount analysis revealed a significant improvement in the abnormalities in retinal vasculature following SCF treatment. Transcriptome sequencing analysis revealed that SCF-induced transcriptome changes were closely linked to the Wnt7 pathway. Key members of the Wnt7 pathway, exhibited significant upregulation following SCF treatment. These results underscore the protective role of SCF in the neurovascular unit of retinal ischemia rats by modulating the Wnt7 pathway. SCF administration emerges as a promising therapeutic strategy for retinal ischemia-related diseases, offering potential avenues for future clinical interventions.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas , Doenças Retinianas , Ratos , Animais , Fator de Células-Tronco , Isquemia/metabolismo , Doenças Retinianas/prevenção & controle , Doenças Retinianas/patologia , Retina , Vasos Retinianos/metabolismo , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/patologia
14.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 13(5): e032326, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38390817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Approximately half of patients who achieve successful reperfusion do not achieve functional independence. The present study sought to investigate the clinical outcomes and safety of intraarterial or intravenous tirofiban as adjunct therapy in patients with acute basilar artery occlusion who had achieved successful recanalization with endovascular treatment. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the national, prospective BASILAR (Endovascular Treatment for Acute Basilar Artery Occlusion Study) registry, 458 patients who met inclusion criteria were divided into 3 groups based on tirofiban administration (no tirofiban, n=262; intravenous tirofiban, n=101; intraarterial+intravenous tirofiban, n=95). Their clinical outcomes were compared with 90-day modified Rankin Scale scores. Adjusted odds ratios (aORs) and 95% CIs were obtained by logistic regression models and propensity score matching. Safety outcomes included any intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), symptomatic ICH, and mortality. Among 458 included patients, 184 (40.2%) achieved a favorable outcome (modified Rankin Scale score 0-3). There were no differences between the intravenous tirofiban group and the no tirofiban group in terms of safety and clinical outcomes (all P>0.05). Compared with the no tirofiban group, the intraarterial+intravenous tirofiban group had higher odds of 90-day modified Rankin Scale score 0 to 3 (aOR, 2.44 [95% CI, 1.30-4.64], P=0.006) and lower 3-month mortality (aOR, 0.38 [95% CI, 0.19-0.71], P=0.002) without an increase in any ICH (aOR, 0.34 [95% CI, 0.09-1.01], P=0.07) or symptomatic ICH (aOR, 0.23 [95% CI, 0.03-0.90], P=0.05). Similar results of intraarterial+intravenous tirofiban on improving clinical outcomes were detected in novel cohorts constructed by propensity score matching. CONCLUSIONS: Intraarterial+intravenous rather than intravenous tirofiban improved clinical outcomes without increasing the frequency of symptomatic ICH among patients with basilar artery occlusion after successful endovascular treatment. Further studies are needed to delineate the roles of intraarterial+intravenous tirofiban in patients with basilar artery occlusion receiving endovascular treatment.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Tirofibana/uso terapêutico , Artéria Basilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Hemorragias Intracranianas/etiologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/tratamento farmacológico , Sistema de Registros , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Trombectomia
15.
J Clin Neurosci ; 121: 100-104, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38382284

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abnormal hemoglobin (Hb) levels lead to poorer outcomes in ischemic stroke, though the mechanisms remain elusive. We aimed to study the role of Hb on imaging and clinical outcomes, namely on collaterals as it is a known mediator of infarct growth. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of patients with large vessel occlusion ischemic stroke admitted to our center. Demographics, clinical and imaging variables were collected, particularly baseline hemoglobin, presence of anemia and collateral score. Collaterals were scored from 0 to 3 and defined as poor if 0-1. Multivariable analyses were performed for collateral score and clinical outcomes (3-month mortality and good prognosis). RESULTS: We included 811 patients, 215 (26.5 %) with anemia. Patients with anemia were older, had more comorbidities and more severe strokes. Hemoglobin levels and anemia were not associated with collateral score (OR 0.97, 95 % CI 0.89-1.05, p = 0.414 and OR 0.89, 95 % CI 0.64-1.24, p = 0.487, respectively) nor with poor collaterals (OR 0.96, 95 % CI 0.88-1.05, p = 0.398 and OR 0.86, 95 % CI 0.60-1.23, p = 0.406, respectively). Hb levels were associated with 3-month mortality (OR 0.85, 95 % CI 0.76-0.96, p = 0.008). CONCLUSION: Hemoglobin or anemia were not found to be associated with collateral status. Our results raise further questions regarding the pathophysiology of anemia and outcomes in ischemic stroke, highlighting the need for future research.


Assuntos
Anemia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Isquemia Encefálica , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemoglobinas , Anemia/complicações , Circulação Colateral/fisiologia , Angiografia Cerebral/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Asian J Endosc Surg ; 17(2): e13288, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355100

RESUMO

Surgical treatment of celiac artery (CA) compression syndrome (CACS) is to release the median arcuate ligament (MAL) by removing the abdominal nerve plexus surrounding CA. In laparoscopic surgery of CACS, objective intraoperative assessment of blood flow in CA is highly desirable. We herein demonstrate a case of laparoscopic surgery of CACS with use of intraoperative transabdominal ultrasound. A 52-year-old woman was presented with epigastric pain and vomiting after eating. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography demonstrated significant stenosis at the origin of CA. Doppler study of CA was also performed, and she was diagnosed as CACS. Laparoscopic surgery was performed, and the MAL was divided. And then, Doppler study using intraoperative transabdominal ultrasound confirmed the successful decompression of CA. This patient was discharged on postoperative day 11, and her symptoms was improved. Intraoperative assessment of blood flow in CA using transabdominal ultrasound was a simple and useful method for laparoscopic surgery of CACS.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Laparoscopia , Síndrome do Ligamento Arqueado Mediano , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome do Ligamento Arqueado Mediano/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome do Ligamento Arqueado Mediano/cirurgia , Artéria Celíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Celíaca/cirurgia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos
17.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 17(3): 329-340, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355261

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Distal radial access (DRA) as an alternative access route lacks evidence, despite its recent reputation. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of DRA on the basis of daily practice. METHODS: The KODRA (Korean Prospective Registry for Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of Distal Radial Approach) trial was a prospective multicenter registry conducted at 14 hospitals between September 2019 and September 2021. The primary endpoints were the success rates of coronary angiography (CAG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The secondary endpoints included successful distal radial artery puncture, access-site crossover, access site-related complications, bleeding events, and predictors of puncture failure. RESULTS: A total of 4,977 among 5,712 screened patients were recruited after the exclusion of 735 patients. The primary endpoints, the success rates of CAG and PCI via DRA, were 100% and 98.8%, respectively, among successful punctures of the distal radial artery (94.4%). Access-site crossover occurred in 333 patients (6.7%). The rates of distal radial artery occlusion and radial artery occlusion by palpation were 0.8% (36 of 4,340) and 0.8% (33 of 4,340) at 1-month follow-up. DRA-related bleeding events were observed in 3.3% of patients, without serious hematoma. Multilevel logistic regression analysis identified weak pulse (OR: 9.994; 95% CI: 7.252-13.774) and DRA experience <100 cases (OR: 2.187; 95% CI: 1.383-3.456) as predictors of puncture failure. CONCLUSIONS: In this large-scale prospective multicenter registry, DRA demonstrated high success rates of CAG and PCI, with a high rate of puncture success but low rates of distal radial artery occlusion, radial artery occlusion, bleeding events, and procedure-related complications. Weak pulse and DRA experience <100 cases were predictors of puncture failure. (Korean Prospective Registry for Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of Distal Radial Approach [KODRA]; NCT04080700).


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Artéria Radial/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Hemorragia/etiologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/complicações , Sistema de Registros
18.
BMC Med ; 22(1): 62, 2024 02 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38331793

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The distal transradial access (dTRA) has become an attractive and alternative access to the conventional transradial access (TRA) for cardiovascular interventional diagnosis and/or treatment. There was a lack of randomized clinical trials to evaluate the effect of the dTRA on the long-term radial artery occlusion (RAO). METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized controlled study. The primary endpoint was the incidence of long-term RAO at 3 months after discharge. The secondary endpoints included the successful puncture rate, puncture time, and other access-related complications. RESULTS: The incidence of long-term RAO was 0.8% (3/361) for dTRA and 3.3% (12/365) for TRA (risk ratio = 0.25, 95% confidence interval = 0.07-0.88, P = 0.02). The incidence of RAO at 24 h was significantly lower in the dTRA group than in the TRA group (2.5% vs. 6.7%, P < 0.01). The puncture success rate (96.0% vs. 98.5%, P = 0.03) and single puncture attempt (70.9% vs. 83.9%, P < 0.01) were significantly lower in the dTRA group than in the TRA group. However, the number of puncture attempts and puncture time were higher in the dTRA group. The dTRA group had a lower incidence of bleeding than the TRA group (1.5% vs. 6.0%, P < 0.01). There was no difference in the success rate of the procedure, total fluoroscopy time, or incidence of other access-related complications between the two groups. In the per-protocol analysis, the incidence of mEASY type ≥ II haematoma was significantly lower in the dTRA group, which was consistent with that in the as-treated analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The dTRA significantly reduced the incidence of long-term RAO, bleeding or haematoma. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifer: NCT05253820.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Humanos , Artéria Radial/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/epidemiologia , Hemorragia , Hematoma/etiologia , Hematoma/complicações , Angiografia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
J Med Case Rep ; 18(1): 66, 2024 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308343

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although stroke and acute limb ischemia seem easily distinguishable by anamnesis and physical examination, symptoms may overlap and sometimes mislead the examiner. Such a situation can arise in the occurrence of unilateral neurological symptoms affecting the upper and lower limbs at the same time. As timely diagnosis and a correct therapeutic intervention are crucial to prevent irreversible damage in both diseases, knowledge of the possibility of one disease mimicking the other is essential. We present a unique case of acute unilateral upper and lower limb ischemia mimicking an acute stroke. CASE PRESENTATION: A 69-year-old Caucasian patient with known atherosclerotic risk factors was admitted to the emergency department with a suspected stroke with unilateral paresthesia. After a comprehensive examination of the patient with the need for repeated reevaluation and a negative brain computed tomography scan, acute left-sided upper and lower limb ischemia was eventually diagnosed. The patient underwent surgical revascularization of the upper and lower limbs with a satisfactory result and was discharged from the hospital after a few days. CONCLUSION: It is of utmost importance to always stay alert for stroke mimics, as overlooking can lead to severe complications and delay adequate therapy. Our case shows that persistent diagnostic effort leads to successful treatment of the patient even on rare occasions, as is the acute unilateral upper and lower limb ischemia.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Idoso , Isquemia/etiologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco
20.
Stroke ; 55(3): 769-778, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38235587

RESUMO

Approximately one-third of acute ischemic strokes with an identifiable vessel occlusion are caused by medium vessel occlusion (MeVO), that is, nonlarge vessel occlusions that are potentially amenable to endovascular treatment (EVT). Management of patients with MeVO is challenging in many ways: detecting MeVOs can be challenging, particularly for inexperienced physicians, and in busy clinical routine, MeVOs, therefore, remain sometimes undiagnosed. While the clinical course of MeVO stroke with medical management, including intravenous thrombolysis, is by no means, benign, it is more favorable compared with large vessel occlusion. At the same time, EVT complication rates are higher, and thus, the marginal benefit of EVT beyond best medical management is expected to be smaller and more challenging to detect if it were present. Several randomized controlled trials are currently underway to investigate whether and to what degree patients with MeVO may benefit from EVT and will soon provide robust data for evidence-based MeVO EVT decision-making. In this review, we discuss different ways of defining MeVOs, strategies to optimize MeVO detection on imaging, and considerations for EVT decision-making in the setting of MeVO stroke. We discuss the technical challenges related to MeVO EVT and conclude with an overview of currently ongoing MeVO EVT trials.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Isquemia Encefálica , Procedimentos Endovasculares , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/cirurgia , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Encefálica/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/terapia , AVC Isquêmico/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Trombectomia/métodos
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