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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(5): e37089, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306549

RESUMO

Gouty arthritis (GA) is an inflammatory disease caused by disorders of the purine metabolism. Although increasing number of drugs have been used to treat GA with the deepening of relevant research, GA still cannot be cured by simple drug therapy. The nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway plays a key role in the pathogenesis of GA. A considerable number of Chinese herbal medicines have emerged as new drugs for the treatment of GA. This article collected relevant research on traditional Chinese medicine monomers in the treatment of GA using NF-κB, GA, etc. as keywords; and conducted a systematic search of relevant published articles using the PubMed database. In this study, we analyzed the therapeutic effects of traditional Chinese medicine monomers on GA in the existing literature through in vivo and in vitro experiments using animal and cell models. Based on this review, we believe that traditional Chinese medicine monomers that can treat GA through the NF-κB signaling pathway are potential new drug development targets. This study provides research ideas for the development and application of new drugs for GA.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Animais , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Artrite Gotosa/tratamento farmacológico , Transdução de Sinais , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico
2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 324: 117764, 2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38219882

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Sanmiao wan (SMW), a classical traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula, has been employed to treat gouty diseases in clinic as early as Yuan dynasty. It shows remarkably therapeutic effects in acute gouty arthritis (GA). However, the potential mechanisms of SMW are still not fully revealed. AIM OF THE STUDY: The objective of this project is to evaluate the pharmacological effects and possible mechanisms of SMW in a rat model of acute GA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Monosodium urate (MSU) suspension was injected into the ankle joint of rats to establish acute GA model. The inflammation was evaluated by measuring the posterior ankle diameter. The pathological status of synovial tissue was assessed by hematoxylin eosin (HE), Masson, and picrosirius red staining. The level of IL-6 was measured using ELISA kit. The levels of blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (CR), UA (uric acid), and xanthine oxidase (XOD) in the serum were measured using standard diagnostic kits. The percentage of Th17 cells in blood samples was performed using flow cytometry. Moreover, RT-qPCR was performed to examine the mRNA level of RANK, RORγt, RANKL, and STAT3 in the synovial tissue. Furthermore, immunofluorescence was carried out to assess the expression of STAT3 in the synovial tissue. RESULTS: SMW effectively alleviated the inflammation and improved the pathological status of the ankle joint in rats with acute GA. It significantly suppressed the release of proinflammatory cytokine (IL-6). Meanwhile, the levels of UA, BUN, and CR were markedly reduced after SMW treatment. A remarkable reduction of XOD activity was observed in the study. Importantly, SMW treatment significantly reduced the frequency of Th17 cells, decreased the mRNA levels of RANK, RORγt, RANKL, and STAT3 in the synovial tissue. Furthermore, the suppression of STAT3 was also demonstrated using immunofluorescence in SMW-treated group. CONCLUSION: SMW showed significant anti-inflammatory and hypouricemic effects in a rat model of GA. It is an effective TCM formula for GA therapy.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Ratos , Animais , Artrite Gotosa/metabolismo , Membro 3 do Grupo F da Subfamília 1 de Receptores Nucleares , Interleucina-6 , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Úrico , RNA Mensageiro
3.
Cell Death Dis ; 15(1): 86, 2024 01 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38267403

RESUMO

The NLRP3 inflammasome plays an important role in protecting the host from infection and aseptic inflammation, and its regulatory mechanism is not completely understood. Dysregulation of NLRP3 can cause diverse inflammatory diseases. HECTD3 is a E3 ubiquitin ligase of the HECT family that has been reported to participate in autoimmune and infectious diseases. However, the relationship between HECTD3 and the NLRP3 inflammasome has not been well studied. Herein, we show that HECTD3 blocks the interaction between NEK7 and NLRP3 to inhibit NLRP3 inflammasome assembly and activation. In BMDMs, Hectd3 deficiency promotes the assembly and activation of NLRP3 inflammasome and the secretion of IL-1ß, while the overexpression of HECTD3 inhibits these processes. Unexpectedly, HECTD3 functions in an E3 activity independent manner. Mechanically, the DOC domain of HECTD3 interacts with NACHT/LRR domain of NLRP3, which blocks NLRP3-NEK7 interaction and NLRP3 oligomerization. Furthermore, HECTD3 inhibits monosodium urate crystals (MSU)-induced gouty arthritis, a NLRP3-related disease. Thus, we reveal a novel regulatory mechanism of NLRP3 by HECTD3 and suggest HECTD3 could be a potential therapeutic target for NLRP3-dependent pathologies.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Inflamassomos , Humanos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Inflamação , Interleucina-1beta , Quinases Relacionadas a NIMA/genética
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(2): e36911, 2024 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38215123

RESUMO

To evaluate the effect of relieving urinary tract obstructions (RUO) on the risk of gouty arthritis in patients with postrenal obstructions and hyperuricemia. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 130 patients with urinary tract obstructions at Rongcheng People's Hospital from 2018 to 2021. Patients were divided into groups A (n = 62) and B (n = 68) according to the treatment method. Patients in group A underwent conservative treatments, such as drugs, extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), and hemodialysis. Patients in Group B underwent catheterization, cystostomy, nephrostomy, or double J ureteral catheterization for rapid RUO. The ages of groups A and B were 58.40 ± 17.69 and 59.63 ± 16.12 years, respectively (P = .42). Before treatment, the serum uric acid values were 572.05 ± 106.93 and 567.79 ± 97.21 µmol/L, respectively (P = .94); serum creatinine values were 226.66 ± 269.67 and 280.15 ± 200.75 µmol/L, respectively (P = .88); and urine volumes were 913.23 ± 481.92 and 886.18 ±â€…552.72 mL/24 h, respectively (P = .08). No significant differences in the general data were identified between the two groups (P > .05). The effects of the two treatments on the incidence of gout in patients with hyperuricemia complicated by postrenal obstruction were compared based on changes in uric acid level, creatinine level, and urine volume within 1 week after treatment. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze clinical factors that increased the incidence of gout after RUO. The gout incidence rates in group A before and after treatment were 8.1% (5/62) and 6.5% (4/62), respectively (P > .99). The gout incidence rates in group B before and after treatment were 4.4% (3/68) and 19.1% (10/68), respectively (P = .01). Group B had a statistically significant increase in the gout incidence rate after RUO (P < .05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that having an age > 60 years, urine volume ≤400 mL/24 h, and creatinine level > 186 µmol/L before treatment were risk factors for gout in patients with hyperuricemia after RUO. Relieving urinary tract obstruction increases the risk of gouty arthritis in patients with hyperuricemia and acute postrenal obstruction. Age, urine volume, and creatinine levels before treatment are risk factors for gout in patients with hyperuricemia after RUO.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Gota , Hiperuricemia , Sistema Urinário , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hiperuricemia/complicações , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Artrite Gotosa/complicações , Artrite Gotosa/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Úrico , Creatinina , Estudos Retrospectivos , Gota/tratamento farmacológico
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(1): e36722, 2024 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38181263

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that traditional Chinese medicine decoction (TCMD) could ameliorate the clinical symptoms and laboratory indicators of gouty arthritis (GA) patients. However, few investigations have been conducted on the efficacy and safety of TCMD for GA, the underlying mechanism of TCMD for GA, and the relationship between the TCMD active ingredients and GA targets. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials of TCMD for GA were retrieved from Chinese and English databases. Meta-analysis was conducted by Stata 17 software. Potential sources of heterogeneity were identified through subgroup analysis, meta-regression, and heterogeneity test. Publication bias was assessed by Egger's test and funnel plots. The ingredients and targets related to TCMD and GA were obtained from multiple databases, such as TCMSP and DrugBank. The protein-protein interaction network, GO and KEGG analysis was constructed using STRING and DAVID. Molecular docking and visualization of the results were completed by AutoDock and PyMOL software. RESULTS: Eighty-four studies were included, involving 7151 patients and 10 outcome indicators. Meta-analysis showed that, compared to routine treatment, TCMD could better reduce the incidence of adverse events and the level of laboratory indicators including blood uric acid (BUA), C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 8 (IL-8), interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). In the section of network pharmacology, we retrieved 150 active ingredients and 303 target genes from the top 10 herbs in 84 studies, as well as 3082 disease targets and 195 cross targets of the herbs and GA. The top ranked ingredients, intersection targets, and signaling pathways included quercetin, kaempferol, and wogonin; AKT1, TNF, and TP53; as well as IL-17, HIF-1, and PI3K-AKT, etc. Among the 81 molecular docking results, we visualized 10 results with low binding energy, including IL1B and beta-sitosterol, MYC and beta-sitosterol, etc. CONCLUSION: TCMD could be a satisfactory complementary and alternative therapy for GA. However, it should be verified by further studies. Future research could be conducted from the following active ingredients, targets, and signal pathways, such as wogonin, sitosterol, and sitosterol; AKT1, TNF, IL6, and TP53; and IL-17, HIF-1, and PI3K-AKT signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Interleucina-17 , Sitosteroides , Artrite Gotosa/tratamento farmacológico , Metanálise em Rede , Farmacologia em Rede , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt
6.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 24(1): 21, 2024 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38178115

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to assess the efficacy and safety of Qingpeng ointment (QPO), a Tibetan medicine for alleviating symptoms in individuals with acute gouty arthritis (AGA). METHODS: This study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial that involved individuals with AGA whose joint pain, as measured on a visual analog scale (VAS) from 0 to 10, was equal to or greater than 3. The participants were randomly assigned to either the QPO or the placebo group and received their respective treatments twice daily for seven consecutive days. In case of intolerable pain, the participants were allowed to use diclofenac sodium sustained-release tablets as a rescue medicine. The primary outcomes measured were joint pain and swelling, while the secondary outcomes included joint mobility, redness, serum uric acid levels, C-reactive protein levels, and the amount of remaining rescue medicine. Any adverse events that occurred during the trial were also recorded. RESULTS: A total of 203 cases were divided into two groups, with balanced baselines: 102 in the QPO group and 101 in the placebo group. For joint pain, differences between the groups were notable in the VAS scores [1.75 (0, 3.00) versus 2.00 (1.00, 3.50); P = 0.038], changes in VAS [5.00 (3.00, 6.00) versus 4.00 (2.00, 6.00); P = 0.036], and disappearance rate [26.47% compared to 15.84%; P = 0.046] after treatment. Concerning joint swelling, significant between-group differences were observed in the VAS scores [1.00 (0, 2.30) versus 2.00 (0.70, 3.00); P = 0.032] and disappearance rate [33.33% compared to 21.78%; P = 0.046] at treatment completion. The QPO group exhibited a statistically significant mobility improvement compared to the placebo group (P = 0.004). No significant differences were found in other secondary outcomes. Five patients, four from the QPO group and one from the other, encountered mild adverse events, primarily skin irritation. All of these cases were resolved after dosage reduction or discontinuation of the medication. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to the placebo, QPO exhibits positive effects on AGA by alleviating pain, reducing swelling, and enhancing joint mobility, without causing significant adverse effects. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN34355813. Registered on 25/01/2021.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Humanos , Artrite Gotosa/tratamento farmacológico , Pomadas/uso terapêutico , Medicina Tradicional Tibetana/efeitos adversos , Ácido Úrico , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Artralgia
7.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 40(1): 51-57, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38246177

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the relationship between interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and miR-185-5p in the process of joint injury in acute gouty arthritis (AGA). Methods The serum miR-185-5p levels of 89 AGA patients and 91 healthy volunteers were detected by real-time quantitative PCR. The correlation between miR-185-5p expression level and VAS score or IL-1ß expression level was evaluated by Pearson correlation coefficient method. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of miR-185-5p in AGA. THP-1 cells were induced by sodium urate (MSU) to construct an in vitro acute gouty inflammatory cell model. After the expression level of miR-185-5p in THP-1 cells was upregulated or downregulated by transfection of miR-185-5p mimics or inhibitors in vitro, inflammatory cytokines of THP-1 cells, such as IL-1ß, IL-8 and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), were detected by ELISA. The luciferase reporter gene assay was used to determine the interaction between miR-185-5p and the 3'-UTR of IL-1ß. Results Compared with the healthy control group, the expression level of serum miR-185-5p in AGA patients was significantly reduced. The level of serum miR-185-5p was negatively correlated with VAS score and IL-1ß expression level. The area under the curve (AUC) was 0.905, the sensitivity was 80.17% and the specificity was 83.52%. Down-regulation of miR-185-5p significantly promoted the expression of IL-1ß, IL-8 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), while overexpression of miR-185-5p showed the opposite results. Luciferase reporter gene assay showed that IL-1ß was the target gene of miR-185-5p, and miR-185-5p negatively regulated the expression of IL-1ß. Conclusion miR-185-5p alleviates the inflammatory response in AGA by inhibiting IL-1ß.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Artrite Gotosa/genética , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-8 , Luciferases , MicroRNAs/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
8.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 319(Pt 3): 117313, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37924998

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: DaiTongXiao (DTX) is a traditional Chinese Dai folk formulation utilized for gouty arthritis treatment, with substantial evidence supporting its anti-inflammatory properties. The NLRP3 inflammasome disorder is tightly linked to the development of many inflammatory diseases. AIM OF THE STUDY: To elucidate the therapeutic efficacy of DTX in gouty arthritis and reveal its potential underlying mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The primary active constituents in DTX were determined through ultraviolet spectrophotometry and gas chromatography. Rats underwent induction with monosodium urate (MSU), followed by treatment of J774A.1 cells with adenosine triphosphate (ATP) activation and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induction and the subsequent culture in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium. The degree of foot joint swelling in rats was assessed, and ankle joints were evaluated through H&E staining. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was performed to measure the levels of interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in both serum and cells. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was performed to determine the relative mRNA expression levels of NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1, and NF-κB in J774A.1 macrophages. The expression of NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1, and NF-κB was examined by western blotting. RESULTS: DTX could alleviate MSU-induced joint swelling in rats, as evidenced by a reduction in joint inflammation. Moreover, DTX effectively enhanced the survival rate of J774A.1 cells following LPS induction and ATP activation. Furthermore, DTX significantly reduced IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α levels in both cell culture medium and rat serum. RT-PCR results revealed that DTX notably downregulated the mRNA expression levels of NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1, and NF-κB in J774A.1 cells. Additionally, DTX downregulated NLRP3, ASC, NF-κB, and Caspase-1 expression in the joint tissue. CONCLUSIONS: DTX exerts a significant anti-gouty arthritis effect, with its mechanism being tightly linked to the NLRP3 inflammatory signaling pathway. This pathway may be modulated by inhibiting IL-1ß differentiation and maturation by downregulating NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1, and NF-κB protein expression. This, in turn, leads to a reduction in the release of IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α, ultimately impeding gouty arthritis progression.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Ratos , Animais , Artrite Gotosa/induzido quimicamente , Artrite Gotosa/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Gotosa/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Interleucina-6 , Lipopolissacarídeos , Interleucina-8 , Transdução de Sinais , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Ácido Úrico , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Edema , Trifosfato de Adenosina , RNA Mensageiro
9.
Front Immunol ; 14: 1282890, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38053999

RESUMO

Changes in lifestyle induce an increase in patients with hyperuricemia (HUA), leading to gout, gouty arthritis, renal damage, and cardiovascular injury. There is a strong inflammatory response in the process of HUA, while dysregulation of immune cells, including monocytes, macrophages, and T cells, plays a crucial role in the inflammatory response. Recent studies have indicated that urate has a direct impact on immune cell populations, changes in cytokine expression, modifications in chemotaxis and differentiation, and the provocation of immune cells by intrinsic cells to cause the aforementioned conditions. Here we conducted a detailed review of the relationship among uric acid, immune response, and inflammatory status in hyperuricemia and its complications, providing new therapeutic targets and strategies.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Gota , Hiperuricemia , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/complicações , Hiperuricemia/metabolismo , Ácido Úrico/metabolismo , Gota/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Gotosa/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/complicações
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 102(51): e36333, 2023 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38134096

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Campylobacter fetus is rare pathogen with high mortality rate in immunosuppressive hosts. This study aimed to summarize clinical and pathological presentation of C fetus induced psoas abscess. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 66-year-old male patient with long medical history of poorly-controlled gouty arthritis and steroid intake complained of a severe low back pain. Physical examination showed tenderness in his psoas. DIAGNOSES: The patient underwent puncture biopsy to the lesion in the psoas under ultrasound guidance. The lesion was indicated as abscess by pathological examination, and its pathogen was indicated as C fetus by the next generation sequencing. INTERVENTIONS: Meropenem 1 g q8.h were administered intravenously for 10 days. Then the antibiotic treatment was switched to amoxicillin/clavulanate potassium 0.375g q.8.h and levofloxacin 0.5g q.d oral administration when discharge. OUTCOMES: The patient's fever and low back pain improved and infectious parameters declined. He was discharged in good general condition with advice for further monitoring and therapy. In the first month follow-up, the patient did not report recurrence or aggravation of his symptoms. LESSONS: C fetus should be noticed in immunosuppressive patient with exposure to livestock who present with rare systematic or local invasive infection. We advocated the meropenem for the first-line treatment against C fetus.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Dor Lombar , Abscesso do Psoas , Masculino , Humanos , Idoso , Campylobacter fetus , Abscesso do Psoas/diagnóstico , Meropeném/uso terapêutico , Dor Lombar/complicações , Artrite Gotosa/complicações
11.
Front Immunol ; 14: 1273174, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37954594

RESUMO

The NLRP3 inflammasome, which belongs to the pyrin domain containing 3 family of NOD-like receptors, has a significant impact on both the innate and adaptive immune responses. Regulating host immune function and protecting against microbial invasion and cell damage, the NLRP3 inflammasome plays a crucial role. By triggering caspase-1, it facilitates the development of the inflammatory cytokines IL-1ß and IL-18, and triggers cell pyroptosis, resulting in cell lysis and demise. Common sterile arthritis includes osteoarthritis (OA), rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and gouty arthritis (GA), all of which manifest as bone destruction and synovial inflammation in a complex inflammatory state, placing a significant medical burden on the families of patients and government agencies. In the past few years, there has been a growing interest in investigating the impact of cell pyroptosis on arthritis development, particularly the widespread occurrence of pyroptosis mediated by the NLRP3 inflammasome. The NLRP3 inflammasome's biological properties are briefly described in this review, along with the presentation of the fundamental processes of pyroptosis resulting from its activation. Furthermore, we provide a summary of the advancements made in studying the NLRP3 inflammasome in various forms of arthritis and enumerate the intervention approaches that target the NLRP3-mediated pyroptosis, either directly or indirectly. These discoveries lay the groundwork for future investigations on medications for arthritis, offering fresh approaches for the clinical identification and treatment of this condition.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Artrite Reumatoide , Osteoartrite , Humanos , Inflamassomos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR
12.
Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc ; 61(6): 895-899, 2023 Nov 06.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37995660

RESUMO

Background: Gout is known as arthropathy due to the deposit of monosodium urate crystals; This pathology comprises a set of clinical and radiographic tests in the context of the intra-articular presence of said crystals. It is a chronic disease associated with other comorbidities such as arterial hypertension, osteoarthritis, diabetes mellitus, etc. The case of a patient with gouty arthritis with consequent hip lesion with a pseudotumoral appearance difficult to diagnose is presented, in order to highlight the importance of this, as well as the appropriate follow-up and treatment for this chronic pathology. Clinical case: A 51-year-old male patient, with a history of hip osteoarthritis and gout. The symptoms and signs were pain in the right hip with an 8/10 on an analogue pain scale, associated with functional limitation characterized by reduced range of motion and impossibility of standing. Imaging studies are carried out which are suggestive of a tumor lesion at the proximal femur with malignant characteristics, for which a biopsy and subsequent histopathological diagnosis of gouty tophi is performed. Conclusions: Gout is a prevalent disease in the adult population, however, its infrequent joint location can result in a difficult diagnosis, so it is necessary not to rule out this entity and to carry out specific studies for its identification.


Introducción: se conoce como gota a la artropatía por depósito de cristales de urato monosódico. Esta patología comprende un conjunto de hallazgos clínicos y radiográficos en el contexto de presencia intraarticular de dichos cristales. Es una enfermedad crónica asociada a otras comorbilidades como: hipertensión arterial, osteoartrosis, diabetes mellitus, etc. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con artritis gotosa con consecuente lesión en cadera, con aspecto pseudotumoral de difícil diagnóstico, a fin de resaltar su importancia, así como el seguimiento y tratamiento oportunos para esta patología crónica. Caso clínico: paciente hombre de 51 años, con antecedentes de artritis gotosa; quien cursa con cuadro clínico de, aproximadamente, cuatro años de evolución, caracterizado por dolor en cadera derecha de intensidad 8/10 en escala análoga del dolor, sin irradiación, asociado a limitación funcional caracterizada por reducción de arcos de movilidad e imposibilidad para la bipedestación. Se realizan estudios imagenológicos los cuales son sugestivos de lesión tumoral a nivel de fémur proximal de características de malignidad, por lo cual se realiza biopsia y posterior diagnóstico histopatológico de tofos gotosos. Conclusiones: la gota es una enfermedad prevalente en la población adulta, sin embargo, la localización articular infrecuente puede resultar en un difícil diagnóstico, por lo que se requiere no descartar esta entidad y la realización de estudios específicos para su identificación.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Gota , Lesões do Quadril , Masculino , Adulto , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gota/complicações , Gota/diagnóstico , Gota/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Gotosa/complicações , Artrite Gotosa/diagnóstico , Artrite Gotosa/tratamento farmacológico
13.
RMD Open ; 9(4)2023 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37973536

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Gout, as the most prevalent form of inflammatory arthritis, necessitates the use of animal models to investigate the molecular mechanisms involved in its development. Therefore, our objective was to develop a novel chronic mouse model of gout that more closely mimics the progression of gout in humans. METHODS: A novel chronic mouse model of gout was established by a simple method, which does not require high technical proficiency, predominantly involves daily intraperitoneal injections of potassium oxonate for approximately 4 months, combined with a high fat-diet and injections of acetic acid into the hind paws to facilitate the formation of monosodium urate (MSU). Arthritis scores and paw oedema were assessed, behavioural tests were conducted, and histopathological and imaging evaluations of the arthritic paw joints were performed. RESULTS: After 4 months of induction, mice in the model group exhibited noticeable increases in arthritis severity, joint and cartilage damage, as well as bone erosion. Gomori's methenamine silver stain revealed the presence of MSU crystal deposition or tophi in the paw joints or ankle joints of up to 37.9% of the model mice (11 out of 29 mice). Moreover, treatment with benzbromarone effectively prevented the further development of gout or tophi formation in model mice. CONCLUSIONS: Our model more accurately replicates the pathological features of gouty arthritis compared with gout induced by MSU crystal injections. Therefore, it is particularly suitable for further investigations into the pathogenesis of gout and also serves as a valuable platform for screening potential antigout agents.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Gota , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Artrite Gotosa/induzido quimicamente , Artrite Gotosa/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Gotosa/patologia , Gota/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Úrico , Supressores da Gota/efeitos adversos , Modelos Animais de Doenças
14.
BMC Microbiol ; 23(1): 363, 2023 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38001408

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The gut microbial composition has been linked to metabolic and autoimmune diseases, including arthritis. However, there is a dearth of knowledge on the gut bacteriome, mycobiome, and virome in patients with gouty arthritis (GA). METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive analysis of the multi-kingdom gut microbiome of 26 GA patients and 28 healthy controls, using whole-metagenome shotgun sequencing of their stool samples. RESULTS: Profound alterations were observed in the gut bacteriome, mycobiome, and virome of GA patients. We identified 1,117 differentially abundant bacterial species, 23 fungal species, and 4,115 viral operational taxonomic units (vOTUs). GA-enriched bacteria included Escherichia coli_D GENOME144544, Bifidobacterium infantis GENOME095938, Blautia_A wexlerae GENOME096067, and Klebsiella pneumoniae GENOME147598, while control-enriched bacteria comprised Faecalibacterium prausnitzii_G GENOME147678, Agathobacter rectalis GENOME143712, and Bacteroides_A plebeius_A GENOME239725. GA-enriched fungi included opportunistic pathogens like Cryptococcus neoformans GCA_011057565, Candida parapsilosis GCA_000182765, and Malassezia spp., while control-enriched fungi featured several Hortaea werneckii subclades and Aspergillus fumigatus GCA_000002655. GA-enriched vOTUs mainly attributed to Siphoviridae, Myoviridae, Podoviridae, and Microviridae, whereas control-enriched vOTUs spanned 13 families, including Siphoviridae, Myoviridae, Podoviridae, Quimbyviridae, Phycodnaviridae, and crAss-like. A co-abundance network revealed intricate interactions among these multi-kingdom signatures, signifying their collective influence on the disease. Furthermore, these microbial signatures demonstrated the potential to effectively discriminate between patients and controls, highlighting their diagnostic utility. CONCLUSIONS: This study yields crucial insights into the characteristics of the GA microbiota that may inform future mechanistic and therapeutic investigations.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Microbiota , Micobioma , Humanos , População do Leste Asiático , Bactérias/genética
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 102(47): e35973, 2023 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38013344

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Guizhi-Shaoyao-Zhimu decoction (GSZD) is a Chinese herb formula. Previous studies have reported that the clinical symptoms and laboratory indicators of gouty arthritis patients could be improved by GSZD. However, no previous study has evaluated and analyzed its efficacy, safety, underlying mechanisms, and the relationship between related ingredients of herbs and targets of gouty arthritis. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials of GSZD for gouty arthritis were retrieved from various databases. Meta-analysis was performed by Stata 17 software. Galbraith plot was used to find studies with possible heterogeneity. Publication bias was assessed by Egger test and funnel plot. The related ingredients of herbs and the targets of herbs and gouty arthritis were obtained from several databases, such as TCMSP, HERB, and DrugBank. The protein-protein interaction network was conducted by the STRING platform. DAVID database was used to perform GO and KEGG analysis. Molecular docking and visualization of docking results were carried out by AutoDock and PyMOL software. RESULTS: Twenty studies with 1633 patients were included. Meta-analysis indicated that GSZD could better improve the clinical efficiency and visual analogue scale score, and reduce the level of blood uric acid and inflammatory biomarkers (including C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, interleukin 6, interleukin 8, and tumor necrosis factor-α) than conventional treatment. In addition, we retrieved 157 active compounds, 517 herb target genes, 3082 disease targets, and 295 intersection targets of herb and disease. The results of network pharmacology analysis showed that the core related ingredients included quercetin, kaempferol, sitosterol, luteolin, catechin, etc. The core intersection targets contained AKT1, TNF-α, TP53, IL6, etc. And the critical signaling pathways included IL-17, HIF-1, TNF, PI3K-Akt, etc. Among the 56 molecular docking results, only 8 results had binding energy values greater than -5.0 kcal/mol. CONCLUSION: GSZD could be a satisfactory complementary and alternative therapy for treating gouty arthritis. However, it should be verified by further studies. Future research on gouty arthritis could be conducted from the active components including beta-sitosterol and sitosterol, the targets including TNF-1, IL1B, and ESR1, and the signaling pathways including IL-17 and HIF-1.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Interleucina-17 , Sitosteroides , Artrite Gotosa/tratamento farmacológico , Metanálise em Rede , Farmacologia em Rede , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Resultado do Tratamento , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
16.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 18682, 2023 10 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37907626

RESUMO

Gouty arthritis is one of the most common metabolic disorders affecting people. Plant based drugs can lower the risk of this health disorder. The anti-gouty potential of Eucalyptus torquata flowers methanol extract (ETME) was evaluated in vitro via measuring the inhibitory effects of five pro-inflammatory enzymes; xanthine oxidase (XO), hyaluronidase, lipoxygenase (5-LOX), cyclooxygenases COX-1, and COX-2, in addition to evaluating the inhibition of histamine release, albumin denaturation, membrane stabilization, tyrosinase, and protease inhibitory activities. Also, its antioxidant potential was determined using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2'-Azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) radical scavenging assays and ferric reducing power assay (FRAP). HPLC-PDA-MS/MS was used to identify the metabolites in the tested extract. The latter exhibited substantial anti-arthritic properties in all assays with comparable potential to the corresponding reference drugs. HPLC-MS/MS analysis of this bioactive extract tentatively annotated 46 metabolites including phloroglucinols, gallic and ellagic acids derivatives, terpenes, flavonoids, fatty acids, and miscellaneous metabolites. Our study highlights the medicinal importance of E. torquata as an anti-gouty candidate and opens new avenues of gouty management.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Eucalyptus , Plantas Medicinais , Humanos , Plantas Medicinais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Antioxidantes/química , Flores/química
17.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 21: eAO0465, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37909651

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Gouty arthritis is characterized by painful inflammation due to the deposition of monosodium urate crystals in joint tissues. Despite available treatments, many patients experience ineffective management and adverse effects. This study evaluated a manual therapy protocol involving passive joint mobilization at the peak of inflammation in a gouty arthritis model using functional and inflammatory parameters. METHODS: Twenty male Wistar rats, 12 weeks old, were divided into two groups (n=10 each): Gouty Arthritis and Control Groups, which were further subdivided into treated and untreated groups (n=5 each). The Gouty Arthritis Group received intraarticular knee injection of 50µL of monosodium urate crystals, while the Control Group received 50µL of phosphate buffered saline. The treatment involved a 9-minutes session of grade III joint mobilization (according to Maitland). Nociception, grip strength, and edema were evaluated before induction (EV0), 7 hours after assessment (EV1), immediately after treatment (EV2), and 1 hour after treatment (EV3). The animals were euthanized, and synovial fluid was collected to analyze leukocyte migration. RESULTS: The model mimicked the signs of the Gouty Arthritis Group, with a decrease in the threshold of nociception and strength and an increase in edema and leukocyte count. The mobilization protocol significantly increased the nociceptive threshold and grip strength and reduced edema; however, it did not reverse the increase in leukocyte count. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that mobilization promotes analgesia and may modulate the inflammatory process owing to reduced edema and subtle attenuation of cell migration, which contributes to strength gain.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Humanos , Ratos , Animais , Masculino , Artrite Gotosa/induzido quimicamente , Artrite Gotosa/terapia , Artrite Gotosa/metabolismo , Ácido Úrico , Ratos Wistar , Inflamação , Dor , Edema
18.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 26(12): 2478-2488, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37860923

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to compare the efficacy of non-loading versus loading low-dose colchicine in patients with acute crystal-associated arthritis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All in-patients who were admitted to Chiang Mai University Hospital with non-arthritis disease and developed acute crystal-associated arthritis during admission (within 48 h after arthritis onset) were invited to join this study. The patients were randomized into two groups. Patients in Group I (non-loading group) and Group II (loading group) received colchicine at 1.2 and 2.4 mg in the first 24 h, respectively. The primary outcome was the patients' pain response at 24 h after treatment. RESULTS: Of 80 patients, 49 were acute gouty arthritis, and 31 acute calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) arthritis. The mean [95% CI] pain score was no different between Groups I and II at the baseline level (6.46[5.72-7.19] vs. 6.654[5.85-7.44], p = .867) and at 24 h (3.13[2.43-3.82] vs. 3.18[2.42-3.93], p = .907). The proportion of patients with ≥50% pain reduction was not different (57.50% vs. 55.00%, p = .822). Sensitivity analysis among patients with a baseline pain score of ≥4 showed the same pattern of response. Mild diarrhea was common and comparable in both groups. Subgroup analysis according to renal function (eGFR < 60 vs. ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m2 ) or type of crystals (acute gouty arthritis vs. acute CPP arthritis) also showed the same pattern of response. CONCLUSION: Non-loading low-dose colchicine was as effective as loading low-dose colchicine in patients with acute crystal-associated arthritis, regardless of renal function or type of crystals.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Colchicina , Humanos , Colchicina/efeitos adversos , Artrite Gotosa/diagnóstico , Artrite Gotosa/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Gotosa/induzido quimicamente , Dor/induzido quimicamente , Projetos de Pesquisa
19.
Trials ; 24(1): 643, 2023 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37798801

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gout is the most common form of rheumatic disease in which monosodium urate crystals are deposited in the joints followed by acute inflammatory reactions. There are various approved drugs that can be prescribed for pain relief during an acute gout attack. However, to date, no direct comparison of efficacy of colchicine and prednisolone for the treatment of acute gout attacks has been investigated. Furthermore, the majority of previous research studies were not only conducted in tertiary centres but also excluded patients with common comorbidities due to contraindications to naproxen. METHODS: This pragmatic, prospective, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-group, randomized, non-inferiority trial investigates whether prednisolone (intervention) is non-inferior to treatment with colchicine (active control) in patients with acute gout. Adult patients presenting with acute gout to their general practitioners in 60 practices across 3 university sites (Greifswald, Göttingen, and Würzburg) are eligible to participate in the study. Participants in the intervention group receive 30 mg prednisolone for 5 days. Those in the control group receive low-dose colchicine (day 1: 1.5 mg; days 2-5: 1 mg). The primary outcome is the absolute level of the most severe pain on day 3 (in the last 24 h) measured with an 11-item numerical rating scale. Day 0 is the day patients take their study medication for the first time. They are then asked to fill out a study diary the same time each day for pain quantification. Pain scores are used for comparison between the two medications. Secondary outcomes are average response to treatment, swelling, tenderness and physical function of the joint, patients' global assessment of treatment success, use of additional pain medication and non-pharmacological pain therapies. For safety reasons, potential side effects and course of systolic blood pressure are assessed. DISCUSSION: This trial will provide evidence on the effectiveness of pain reduction and side effects of colchicine and prednisolone in acute gout in primary care. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05698680 first posted on January 26, 2023 (retrospectively registered). URL of trial registry record: https://clinicaltrials.gov/study/NCT05698680.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Gota , Adulto , Humanos , Colchicina/efeitos adversos , Prednisolona/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Artrite Gotosa/diagnóstico , Artrite Gotosa/tratamento farmacológico , Gota/diagnóstico , Gota/tratamento farmacológico , Dor , Resultado do Tratamento , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Método Duplo-Cego , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto
20.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 25(1): 203, 2023 10 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37853488

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: IL-37 is an anti-inflammatory cytokine involved in inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. We aimed to investigate the association between IL-37 genetic variants, IL-37 plasma levels, and various clinical phases of gout. METHODS: The study included a control group with no history of primary hyperuricemia/gout, (n = 50), asymptomatic hyperuricemia (n = 74), intercritical gout (n = 200), acute gouty flare (n = 18), and chronic tophaceous gout (n = 30). Plasma IL-37 was analysed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. All coding regions and intron-exon boundaries of IL-37 and exons 1-5 were amplified and sequenced. RESULTS: Plasma levels of IL-37 were significantly higher in asymptomatic hyperuricemic (p = 0.045), intercritical gout (p = 0.001), and chronic tophaceous gout (p = 0.021) cohorts when compared to control group. The levels of IL-37 in patients with acute gouty flare were comparable to control group (p = 0.061). We identified 15 genetic variants of IL-37: eight intron (rs2708959, rs2723170, rs2708958, rs2723169 rs2466448, rs3811045, rs3811048, rs2708944) and seven non-synonymous allelic variants (rs3811046, rs3811047, rs2708943, rs2723183, rs2723187, rs2708947, rs27231927), of which rs2708959 showed an over-presentation in gouty and acute flare cohorts (p = 0.003 and 0.033, respectively) compared to European population (minor allelic frequency MAF = 0.05) but not in control and hyperuricemic cohorts (p/MAF = 0.17/0.08 and 0.71/0.05, respectively).. On the contrary, rs3811045, rs3811046, rs3811047, and rs3811048 were underrepresented among individuals with tophaceous gout (MAF = 0.57) compared to European MAF 0.70-0.71, but not compared to the control cohort (MAF = 0.67). CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated the up-regulation of IL-37 levels across the clinical phases of gout: asymptomatic hyperuricemia, intercritical, and chronic tophaceous gout compared to control. Moreover, 15 genetic variants of IL-37 were identified and their associations with the clinical variants of gout were evaluated.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Gota , Hiperuricemia , Humanos , Gota/epidemiologia , Hiperuricemia/genética , Interleucina-1beta , Ácido Úrico
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