Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 37.369
Filtrar
1.
Rev. esp. anestesiol. reanim ; 71(3): 160-170, Mar. 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-230929

RESUMO

Introducción: La artroplastia total de cadera es una de las intervenciones quirúrgicas más frecuentes en el contexto hospitalario. Sin embargo, sigue desconociéndose el método ideal para manejar el dolor postoperatorio. Las técnicas de analgesia multimodal basadas en la anestesia regional se encuentran entre las soluciones más prometedoras. Objetivos: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el dolor postoperatorio tras la artroplastia total de cadera, de acuerdo con si se realizaron, o no, bloqueos del nervio periférico (bloqueo femoral, bloqueo de la fascia iliaca y bloqueo del grupo de nervios pericapsulares). Se midió el consumo de morfina intravenosa durante la estancia del paciente en la unidad de cuidados posanestésicos, así como el número de rescates con opioides transcurridas 24 y 48 h de la intervención. Como objetivos secundarios, se establecieron la prevalencia de la lesión nerviosa, la prolongación del bloqueo cuadricipital y el consumo de morfina, de acuerdo con otras variables de interés. Materiales y métodos: En este estudio retrospectivo observacional, se recopilaron datos de la historia clínica digital de 656 pacientes de cirugía traumatológica de abril de 2018 a agosto de 2020, con los criterios de inclusión siguientes: mayores de 18 años, ASA I-III, artroplastia total de cadera primaria con anestesia general o anestesia subaracnoidea (solo con bupivacaína hiperbárica) y uso de levobupivacaína para el bloqueo del nervio periférico. Resultados: Se seleccionó un total de 362 pacientes. La indicación quirúrgica principal fue coxartrosis (61,3%), seguida de fractura de cadera (22,6%). Se realizaron bloqueos del nervio periférico en 169 pacientes (66,3% femoral, 27,7% PENG, y 6% de fascia ilíaca). El consumo medio postoperatorio de opioides en la UCPA fue inferior en los pacientes que recibieron bloqueo PENG (2,2 mg) o femoral (3,27 mg), en comparación con los que no recibieron ninguno de los dos (6,69 mg)...(AU)


Introduction: Total hip arthroplasty is one of the most frequent surgical interventions in the hospital setting. Nonetheless, the ideal method to manage post-operative pain is still unknown. Multimodal analgesia techniques based on regional anaesthesia are amongst the most promising solutions. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate postoperative pain after total hip arthroplasty according to whether peripheral nerve block was performed (femoral block, fascia iliaca block and pericapsular nerve group block). Intravenous morphine consumption during the patient's stay in the post-anaesthesia care unit was measured, as well as the number of opioid rescues at 24 and 48h post intervention. As secondary objectives, the prevalence of nerve injury, prolonged quadricipital block, and morphine consumption were established according to other variables of interest. Materials and methods: In this observational retrospective study, data was collected from the electronic medical record of 656 traumatological surgery patients from April 2018 to August 2020, with the following inclusion criteria: over 18 years old, ASA I-III, primary total hip arthroplasty under general anaesthesia or subarachnoid anaesthesia (only with hyperbaric bupivacaine) and use of levobupivacaine for peripheral nerve block. Results: A total of 362 patients were selected. The main surgical indication was coxarthrosis (61.3%), followed by hip fracture (22.6%). Peripheral nerve blocks were performed on 169 patients (66.3% femoral, 27.7% PENG, and 6.0% fascia iliaca). Mean postoperative opioid consumption in PACU was lower in patients in who received a PENG (2.2 mg) or a femoral (3.27 mg) block, compared to those who received neither (6.69 mg). There were no differences in opioid rescues at 24 and 48h after the procedure...(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lesões do Quadril/cirurgia , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Artroplastia de Quadril , Anestesia por Condução , Estudos Retrospectivos , Anestesiologia , Quadril/cirurgia , Analgesia
2.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 141, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355520

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anemia is a common complication of total hip arthroplasty (THA). In this study, we evaluated the preoperative risk factors for postoperative anemia after THA and developed a nomogram model based on related preoperative and intraoperative factors. METHODS: From January 2020 to May 2023, 927 THA patients at the same medical center were randomly assigned to either the training or validation cohort. The correlation between preoperative and intraoperative risk factors and postoperative anemia after THA was evaluated using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. A nomogram was developed using these predictive variables. The effectiveness and validation for the clinical application of this nomogram were evaluated using the concordance index (C-index), receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, calibration curve, and decision curve analysis (DCA). RESULTS: Through univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis, 7 independent predictive factors were identified in the training cohort: Lower body mass index (BMI), extended operation time, greater intraoperative bleeding, lower preoperative hemoglobin level, abnormally high preoperative serum amyloid A (SAA) level, history of cerebrovascular disease, and history of osteoporosis. The C-index of the model was 0.871, while the AUC indices for the training and validation cohorts were 84.4% and 87.1%, respectively. In addition, the calibration curves of both cohorts showed excellent consistency between the observed and predicted probabilities. The DCA curves of the training and validation cohorts were high, indicating the high clinical applicability of the model. CONCLUSIONS: Lower BMI, extended operation time, increased intraoperative bleeding, reduced preoperative hemoglobin level, elevated preoperative SAA level, history of cerebrovascular disease, and history of osteoporosis were seven independent preoperative risk factors associated with postoperative anemia after THA. The nomogram developed could aid in predicting postoperative anemia, facilitating advanced preparation, and enhancing blood management. Furthermore, the nomogram could assist clinicians in identifying patients most at risk for postoperative anemia.


Assuntos
Anemia , Artroplastia de Quadril , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares , Osteoporose , Humanos , Anemia/diagnóstico , Anemia/epidemiologia , Anemia/etiologia , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Hemoglobinas , Nomogramas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Redução de Peso
3.
Can J Surg ; 67(1): E40-E48, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38320777

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Large-diameter head (LDH) total hip arthroplasty (THA) with a monobloc acetabular component improves hip stability. However, obtaining initial press-fit stability is quite challenging in atypical acetabula. The purpose of this study was to assess primary and secondary fixation of monobloc cups in atypical acetabula. METHODS: In this consecutive case series, the local arthroplasty database was used to retrospectively identify patients with secondary osteoarthritis who underwent primary hip replacement with press-fit only LDH monobloc acetabular components between 2005 and 2018 and who had a minimum of 2 years of follow-up. Radiographic evaluation was performed at last follow-up, and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) were assessed with the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), the Forgotten Joint Score (FJS), and the Patient's Joint Perception (PJP) question. RESULTS: One hundred and six LDH THAs and 19 hip resurfacings were included in the study. Preoperative diagnoses included hip dysplasia (36.8%), Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (32.0%), osteoarthritis with acetabular deficiency (17.6%), periacetabular osteotomy (8.0%), arthrodesis (4.0%), and osteopetrosis (1.6%). After a mean follow-up of 9.2 years, no aseptic loosening of the acetabular component was recorded nor observed on radiologic review. There were 13 (10.4%) revisions unrelated to the acetabular component fixation. The mean WOMAC and FJS scores were 9.2 and 80.9, respectively. In response to the PJP question, 49.4% of the patients perceived their hip as natural, 19.1% as an artificial joint with no restriction, 31.5% as an artificial joint with restriction, and none as a non-functional joint. CONCLUSION: Primary press-fit fixation of monobloc acetabular components with LDH implanted in atypical acetabula led to secondary fixation in all cases with low revision and complication rates and great functional outcomes. With careful surgical technique and experience, systematic use of supplemental screw fixation is not essential in THA with atypical acetabula.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Prótese de Quadril , Osteoartrite , Humanos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Acetábulo/diagnóstico por imagem , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Reoperação , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 124, 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336653

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In metaphyseo-diaphyseal (M-D) mismatched Dorr A femurs, it is difficult to achieve proper fixation with a type 1 stem. Proper interpretation of the geometry of the femur is integral at the preoperative stage in an M-D mismatched femur, but there has been a scarcity of studies on the radiologic indices. Therefore, we analyze the previous radiologic indices and suggest the novel ones for M-D mismatched femurs. METHODS: Our study was a retrospective review of preoperative radiographs of patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty with the smallest type 1 stem or with type 3 C stem at a single institution from July 2014 to March 2022. A Type 3 C stem was used when the smallest type 1 stem failed to achieve metaphyseal fixation. One hundred twenty-six patients were categorized into two main groups. Canal-flare index, canal-calcar ratio, modified morphological cortical index, and two novel indices (lesser trochanter-to-distal ratio-α and -ß [LDR-α and -ß]) were assessed on preoperative pelvic radiographs. RESULTS: Multivariate and ROC analysis demonstrated that high LDR-ß (Exp[B]: 485.51, CI: 36.67-6427.97, p < 0.001) was associated with a more mismatched tendency group and had clinically acceptable discriminatory power (AUC: 0.765, CI: 0.675-0.855, p < 0.001) between the two cohorts. CONCLUSION: Correct assessment of preoperative femoral morphology would be fundamental in the selection of a suitable stem. The ratio based on 3 cm below the lesser trochanter of the femur seemed crucial. We recommend evaluating the newly described radiological index preoperatively in M-D mismatched Dorr A femur for planning precisely and selecting a proper stem.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Prótese de Quadril , Humanos , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fêmur/cirurgia , Fêmur/anatomia & histologia , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Radiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Desenho de Prótese
5.
J Long Term Eff Med Implants ; 34(2): 53-60, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305370

RESUMO

Obesity is a well-recognized global epidemic that can lead to longer operative times as well as a greater technical demand. Despite this, the available literature evaluating the impact of obesity on hip hemiarthroplasty (HA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) when treating fractures about the femoral neck is scarce. Between 2015 and 2018, we retrospectively reviewed all patients that had a HA or THA performed as treatment for an isolated fracture of the femoral neck. Patients were classified as obese and nonobese depending on current body mass index (BMI) when the index procedure was performed. Preoperative and postoperative variable were obtained from the electronic medical record. A total of 157 patients underwent hip HA or THA for an isolated fracture of the femoral neck. In those patients undergoing HA, obesity was associated with an increase in operative times (P = 0.021) and was associated with a nonsignificant increase in total operating room time (P = 0.088) and duration of anesthesia (P = 0.14). In those patients undergoing THA, obesity was associated with longer operative times (P = 0.043), total operating room time (P = 0.032), and duration of anesthesia (P = 0.045). There were no significant differences in complication rates postoperatively between obese and non-obese patients undergoing either procedure. The treatment of isolated fractures of the femoral neck with HA or THA leads to an increase in operative time without an increase in postoperative complications in obese patients.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Fraturas do Colo Femoral , Hemiartroplastia , Humanos , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/cirurgia , Obesidade/complicações
6.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(1): 26-34, Ene-Feb, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-229667

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: Los vástagos primarios con cuellos modulares fueron introducidos con la ventaja teórica de restaurar la anatomía de la cadera de forma más precisa. Sin embargo, la presencia de un segundo encaje se ha asociado a una mayor corrosión y liberación de detritos metálicos. El objetivo de nuestro estudio es cuantificar los valores séricos de cromo y de cobalto, y analizar su evolución temporal durante cinco años. Material y métodos: Se presenta una serie prospectiva de 61 pacientes intervenidos de artroplastia total de cadera primaria mediante la implantación del vástago HMAX-M® (Limacorporate, San Daniele, Italia) en los que se realizó una determinación sérica de cromo y cobalto a los seis meses, a los dos años y a los cinco años. Resultados: Nuestra serie presenta una elevación progresiva de los niveles de cromo, con una diferencia significativa entre los valores de cromo a los seis meses (0,35±0,18) y los cinco años (0,52±0,36), p=0,01. Respecto al cobalto, se observa una elevación estadísticamente significativa entre los seis meses y los dos años y una posterior estabilización hasta los cinco años, siendo la media de cobalto a los seis meses (1,17±0,8) significativamente menor que a los dos años (2,63±1,76) y a los cinco años (2,84±2,1), p=0,001. Conclusión: Se ha observado una elevación de los niveles séricos de cobalto en aquellos pacientes a los que se les implantó un vástago con cuello modular. Los resultados obtenidos en este estudio han limitado el uso de vástagos con cuello modular en nuestra práctica habitual.(AU)


Introduction and objectives: Modular neck primary stems were introduced with the theoretical advantage of restoring the hip anatomy more precisely. However, the presence of a second junction has been associated with increased corrosion and release of metal debris. The objective of our study is to quantify of chromium and cobalt serum values, and to analyze their temporal evolution during five years. Material and methods: We present a prospective series of 61 patients who underwent primary total hip arthroplasty by implantation of the HMAX-M® stem (Limacorporate, San Daniele, Italy). Serum chromium and cobalt determinations were performed at six months, two years and five years. Results: Our series shows a progressive elevation in chromium levels with a significant difference between chromium values at six months (0.35±0.18) and five years (0.52±0.36), P=.01. Regarding cobalt, a statistically significant elevation is observed between six months and two years and a subsequent stabilization of values between two and five years, with a cobalt mean at six months (1.17±0.8) significantly lower than at two (2.63±1.76) and five years (2.84±2.1), P=.001. Conclusion: Elevated serum cobalt levels have been observed in patients who underwent modular neck stem implantation. The results obtained in this study have limited the use of stems with a modular neck in our clinical practice.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Cromo/administração & dosagem , Cobalto/administração & dosagem , Artroplastia de Quadril , Quadril/cirurgia , Íons , Ferro/sangue , Estudos Prospectivos , Traumatologia , Ortopedia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Lesões do Quadril , Itália
7.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(1): T26-T34, Ene-Feb, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-229668

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: Los vástagos primarios con cuellos modulares fueron introducidos con la ventaja teórica de restaurar la anatomía de la cadera de forma más precisa. Sin embargo, la presencia de un segundo encaje se ha asociado a una mayor corrosión y liberación de detritos metálicos. El objetivo de nuestro estudio es cuantificar los valores séricos de cromo y de cobalto, y analizar su evolución temporal durante cinco años. Material y métodos: Se presenta una serie prospectiva de 61 pacientes intervenidos de artroplastia total de cadera primaria mediante la implantación del vástago HMAX-M® (Limacorporate, San Daniele, Italia) en los que se realizó una determinación sérica de cromo y cobalto a los seis meses, a los dos años y a los cinco años. Resultados: Nuestra serie presenta una elevación progresiva de los niveles de cromo, con una diferencia significativa entre los valores de cromo a los seis meses (0,35±0,18) y los cinco años (0,52±0,36), p=0,01. Respecto al cobalto, se observa una elevación estadísticamente significativa entre los seis meses y los dos años y una posterior estabilización hasta los cinco años, siendo la media de cobalto a los seis meses (1,17±0,8) significativamente menor que a los dos años (2,63±1,76) y a los cinco años (2,84±2,1), p=0,001. Conclusión: Se ha observado una elevación de los niveles séricos de cobalto en aquellos pacientes a los que se les implantó un vástago con cuello modular. Los resultados obtenidos en este estudio han limitado el uso de vástagos con cuello modular en nuestra práctica habitual.(AU)


Introduction and objectives: Modular neck primary stems were introduced with the theoretical advantage of restoring the hip anatomy more precisely. However, the presence of a second junction has been associated with increased corrosion and release of metal debris. The objective of our study is to quantify of chromium and cobalt serum values, and to analyze their temporal evolution during five years. Material and methods: We present a prospective series of 61 patients who underwent primary total hip arthroplasty by implantation of the HMAX-M® stem (Limacorporate, San Daniele, Italy). Serum chromium and cobalt determinations were performed at six months, two years and five years. Results: Our series shows a progressive elevation in chromium levels with a significant difference between chromium values at six months (0.35±0.18) and five years (0.52±0.36), P=.01. Regarding cobalt, a statistically significant elevation is observed between six months and two years and a subsequent stabilization of values between two and five years, with a cobalt mean at six months (1.17±0.8) significantly lower than at two (2.63±1.76) and five years (2.84±2.1), P=.001. Conclusion: Elevated serum cobalt levels have been observed in patients who underwent modular neck stem implantation. The results obtained in this study have limited the use of stems with a modular neck in our clinical practice.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Cromo/administração & dosagem , Cobalto/administração & dosagem , Artroplastia de Quadril , Quadril/cirurgia , Íons , Ferro/sangue , Estudos Prospectivos , Traumatologia , Ortopedia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Lesões do Quadril , Itália
8.
Injury ; 55(3): 111384, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38301488

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Modular fluted, tapered stems provide a reliable treatment for Vancouver B2/B3 fractures. Historically, these patients had weightbearing restrictions postoperatively. Although full immediate postoperative weightbearing may provide benefits in this patient population, stem subsidence is a concern. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of post-operative weight-bearing status on stem subsidence in patients treated with modular tapered stems for Vancouver B2 and B3 periprosthetic fractures. We sought to answer two questions: (1) Does full immediate postoperative weightbearing after revision total hip arthroplasty for periprosthetic femur fracture lead to increased stem subsidence compared to protected weightbearing? (2) Is there a mortality difference between these two groups of patients with different weightbearing restrictions? METHODS: From 2009 to 2015 all patients who underwent revision for Vancouver B2/B3 fractures were made non-weightbearing (NWB) for six weeks postoperatively. After 2015, immediate weightbearing as tolerated (WBAT) was allowed postoperatively. We compared stem subsidence between immediate postoperative and final radiographs. Additionally, we performed a Kaplan-Meijer analysis with one-year mortality as an endpoint. RESULTS: The final cohort included forty-seven patients with an average follow-up of 254 days. The average stem subsidence was 1.0 mm (95 % CI, 0.5-1.5 mm) in the NWB cohort and 0.3 mm (95 % CI, 0-0.7 mm) in the WBAT cohort (P = 0.10). In our survivorship analysis, we noted no deaths in the WBAT cohort compared to 17 % mortality in the NWB cohort at the one-year timepoint. CONCLUSION: Allowing patients to weight bear immediately after revision does not increase stem subsidence. Further studies are needed to determine whether early weightbearing provides a mortality benefit.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Fraturas do Fêmur , Prótese de Quadril , Fraturas Periprotéticas , Humanos , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Fraturas Periprotéticas/cirurgia , Fraturas Periprotéticas/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fêmur/cirurgia , Fraturas do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fraturas do Fêmur/etiologia , Reoperação , Prótese de Quadril/efeitos adversos
9.
Injury ; 55(3): 111340, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38301490

RESUMO

AIMS: After hip arthroplasty surgery, hip precautions are often implemented to minimise the risk of dislocation, although existing evidence does not support their effectiveness. At our institution, we replaced post-operative precautions with a novel pose avoidance protocol in patients undergoing hip hemiarthroplasty for neck of femur fracture. The objectives of our study were to validate this new protocol by assessing the incidence of dislocation before and after its introduction and evaluating its impact on the length of hospital stay. METHODS: Between 20th September 2021 and 19th March 2023, 200 patients underwent 203 hip hemiarthroplasties. Hip precautions were replaced with the new pose avoidance protocol on 20th June 2022. Data were retrospectively collected and included patient demographics, Abbreviated Mental Test Score, American Society of Anaesthesiologists grade, surgical approach, prosthesis, dislocation, and mortality. RESULTS: The incidence of dislocation within 90 days after hip hemiarthroplasty decreased from seven out of 98 cases (7.1%) before 20th June 2022 to one out of 105 cases (1.0%), p-value 0.030. However, there was no significant difference in the length of stay, with a median (interquartile range) of 19 (10 - 29) days before 20th June 2022, and 16 (11 - 22) days thereafter, p-value 0.242. A multivariate logistic regression confirmed the pose avoidance protocol and the anterolateral approach to be independent negative predictors of dislocation, p-value 0.030 (Odds Ratio [OR] 0.077) and p-value 0.005 (OR 0.022), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Hip precautions are unnecessary and potentially detrimental to patient outcomes following hemiarthroplasty. Replacing these precautions with our new pose avoidance protocol may have led to a significant reduction in dislocation rates and saved on the cost of adaptive equipment. We advocate for the anterolateral over the posterior approach in hip hemiarthroplasty to further mitigate the risk of dislocation. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Fraturas do Colo Femoral , Hemiartroplastia , Luxação do Quadril , Luxações Articulares , Humanos , Hemiartroplastia/efeitos adversos , Hemiartroplastia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/cirurgia , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/complicações , Luxações Articulares/cirurgia , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Luxação do Quadril/cirurgia
10.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 24(1): 64, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355397

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of midodrine as a prophylaxis against post-spinal hypotension in elderly patients undergoing hip arthroplasty. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial included elderly patients undergoing hip arthroplasty under spinal anesthesia. Ninety minutes before the procedure, patients were randomized to receive either 5-mg midodrine or placebo (metoclopramide). After spinal anesthesia, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate were monitored every 2 min for 20 min then every 5 min until the end of the procedure. Post-spinal hypotension (MAP < 80% baseline) was treated with 10 mg ephedrine. The primary outcome was intraoperative ephedrine consumption. Secondary outcomes were the incidence of post-spinal hypotension, bradycardia, and hypertension (MAP increased by > 20% of the baseline reading). RESULTS: We analyzed 29 patients in the midodrine group and 27 in the control group. The intraoperative ephedrine consumption was lower in the midodrine group than in the control group (median [quartiles]: 10 [0, 30] mg versus 30 [20, 43] mg, respectively, P-value: 0.002); and the incidence of intraoperative hypotension was lower in the midodrine group than that in the control group. The incidence of hypertension and bradycardia were comparable between the two groups. CONCLUSION: The use of 5 mg oral midodrine decreased the vasopressor requirements and incidence of hypotension after spinal anesthesia for hip surgery in elderly patients. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered on September 22, 2022 at clinicaltrials.gov registry, NCT05548985, URL: https://classic. CLINICALTRIALS: gov/ct2/show/NCT05548985 .


Assuntos
Raquianestesia , Artroplastia de Quadril , Hipertensão , Hipotensão , Midodrina , Humanos , Idoso , Midodrina/uso terapêutico , Efedrina/uso terapêutico , Raquianestesia/efeitos adversos , Raquianestesia/métodos , Bradicardia/epidemiologia , Bradicardia/prevenção & controle , Bradicardia/complicações , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Hipotensão/epidemiologia , Vasoconstritores , Hipertensão/complicações , Método Duplo-Cego
11.
Eur J Med Res ; 29(1): 122, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355542

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the length of hospital stay following total knee arthroplasty to determine the impact of relevant factors using data from the Diagnosis Procedure Combination database. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study. The study cohort included 5,831 patients who had osteoarthritis of the knee and had undergone total knee replacement between February 2018 and October 2022 at 38 hospitals. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis showed that the factors influencing the length of stay included: age (p < 0.001), height (p < 0.001), weight (p = 0.049), body mass index (p = 0.008), Barthel index (p < 0.001), method of anesthesia (p < 0.001), bone transplant (p = 0.010), timing of postoperative rehabilitation (p < 0.001), atrial fibrillation (p < 0.001), chronic pain (p < 0.001), and number of institutionally treated cases (p < 0.001) (r = 0.451, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Shorter or longer hospital stays were found to be associated with the patients' background characteristics and facility-specific factors; these can lead to more accurate estimates of the length of hospital stay and appropriate allocation of resources.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Osteoartrite , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Japão/epidemiologia , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia
12.
Med Eng Phys ; 124: 104105, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38418018

RESUMO

Accurate pre-operative templating of prosthesis components is an essential factor in successful total hip arthroplasty (THA), including robotically-assisted THA (RA-THA) techniques. We sought to validate the accuracy of a novel, robotic-optimized THA planning software compared to a predicate THA planner for component sizing. We analyzed a series of 199 patients who received manual THA (mTHA) and fluoroscopy-based RA-THA at a single institution. All cases were templated using a predicate pre-operative templating software. For RA-THA cases, the novel robotic-optimized pre-operative planner software was also used for templating. The differences between templated and implanted acetabular cup, femoral head, and stem component sizes were compared based on matching within 1, 2, and ≥3 sizes. Differences in templated and implanted femoral stem implant geometry were also compared. The robot-optimized pre-operative RA-THA plans demonstrated equivalent accuracy to that of predicate pre-operative plans for both RA-THA and mTHA cases. Templated acetabular cups (90.4 vs. 86.8 vs. 82.8; p = 0.421), femoral stems (76.0 vs. 65.1 vs. 67.7; p = 0.096), and femoral heads (91.3 vs. 96.2 vs. 88.2; p = 0.302) were within +/-1 size of implanted components. No significant differences were detected in the proportion of matching templated and implanted stem geometry across the study cohorts.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Prótese de Quadril , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Robótica , Humanos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Acetábulo/diagnóstico por imagem , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Software , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Acta Orthop ; 95: 99-107, 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38318961

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To date, the mid- and long-term outcomes of the Collum Femoris Preserving (CFP) stem compared with conventional straight stems are unknown. We aimed to compare physical function at a 5-year follow-up and implant survival at an average of 10-year follow-up in an randomized controlled trial (RCT). METHODS: This is a secondary report of a double-blinded RCT in 2 hospitals. Patients aged 18-70 years with hip osteoarthritis undergoing an uncemented primary THA were randomized to a CFP or a Zweymüller stem. Patient-reported outcomes, clinical tests, and radiographs were collected at baseline, 2, 3, 4, and 5 years postoperatively. Primary outcome was the Hip disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS) function in activities of daily living (ADL) subscale. Secondary outcomes were other patient-reported outcomes, clinical tests, adverse events, and implant survival. Kaplan-Meier and competing risk survival analyses were performed with data from the Dutch Arthroplasty Registry. RESULTS: We included 150 patients. Mean difference between groups on the HOOS ADL subscale at 5 years was -0.07 (95% confidence interval -5.1 to 4.9). Overall survival was 92% for the CFP and 96% for the Zweymüller stem. No significant difference was found. CONCLUSION: No significant differences were found in physical function at 5-year and implant survival at 10-year follow-up between the CFP and Zweymüller stems. When taking cup revisions into account, the CFP group showed clinically inferior survival.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Prótese de Quadril , Osteoartrite do Quadril , Humanos , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Prótese de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Quadril/etiologia , Colo do Fêmur/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Falha de Prótese
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38320265

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is a paucity of literature that examines how the abnormal spinopelvic alignment of scoliosis affects outcomes after total hip arthroplasty (THA) in the absence of a lumbar fusion. METHODS: Patients with a history of scoliosis (idiopathic, adolescent, degenerative, or juvenile) without fusion and those without a history of scoliosis who underwent primary THA were identified using a large national database. Ninety-day incidence of various medical complications, emergency department (ED) visit, and readmission and 1-year incidence of surgery-related complications and cost of care were evaluated in both the scoliosis and control cohorts. Propensity score matching was used to control for patient demographic factors and comorbidities as covariates. RESULTS: After propensity matching, 21,992 and 219,920 patients were identified in the scoliosis and control cohorts, respectively. Patients with scoliosis were at increased risk of several 90-day medical complications, including pulmonary embolism (odds ratio [OR] 1.96; P < 0.001), deep vein thrombosis (1.49; P < 0.001), transfusion (OR, 1.13; P < 0.001), pneumonia (OR, 1.37; P < 0.001), myocardial infarction (OR, 1.38; P = 0.008), sepsis (OR, 1.59; P < 0.001), acute anemia (OR, 1.21; P < 0.001), and urinary tract infection (OR, 1.1; P = 0.001). Patients with a history of scoliosis were at increased 1-year risk of revision (OR, 1.31; P < 0.001), periprosthetic joint infection (OR, 1.16; P = 0.0089), dislocation (OR, 1.581; P < 0.001), and aseptic loosening (OR, 1.39; P < 0.001) after THA. Patients with scoliosis without a history of fusion were more likely to return to the emergency department (OR, 1.26; P < 0.001) and be readmitted (OR, 1.78; P < 0.001) within 90 days of THA. DISCUSSION: Patients with even a remote history of scoliosis without fusion are at increased risk of 90-day medical and surgery-related complications after hip arthroplasty. Hip and spine surgeons should collaborate in future studies to best understand how to optimize these patients for their adult reconstructive procedures.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Escoliose , Adulto , Adolescente , Humanos , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Escoliose/complicações , Pontuação de Propensão , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Fatores de Risco
15.
N Z Med J ; 137(1589): 59-66, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38301201

RESUMO

AIMS: Excessive opiate analgesia in relation to orthopaedic surgery is associated with morbidity and mortality. Pre-operative use of opiates is associated with higher post-operative use. There is little information about opiate prescribing practices in relation to elective total joint arthroplasty (TJA) in New Zealand rural centres. The aims of this study were to describe opiate use before, immediately after and 1 year after TJA, and to compare prescribing practices with local guidelines. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of elective primary hip and knee arthroplasties was conducted between January 2018 and April 2019. Opiate use was evaluated from clinical records and from electronic prescribing records and described in morphine milligram equivalents (MME) with a particular focus on pre-operative and post-operative periods, and use after 1 year. RESULTS: In the study period, 199 patients underwent 203 joint arthroplasties. Of these, data from 157 patients were analysed. Patient data were not analysed because of unavailable files (N=20), non-elective procedures (N=11), bilateral arthroplasties (N=4), deaths (N=4) and incomplete information (N=3). Pre-operative opiates were used by 92 (59%) patients, of whom 70 (76%) were not using opiates after 1 year. There were 126 (80%) patients who were discharged with opiate prescriptions and the vast majority, 121 (96%), did not receive discharge prescriptions that conformed to local guidelines. CONCLUSION: Despite undergoing joint arthroplasty, about one quarter of patients who had been prescribed opiates before the operation were still receiving opiates after 1 year. There was poor compliance with local guidelines.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Alcaloides Opiáceos , Humanos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia , Prescrições , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Padrões de Prática Médica
16.
Clin Orthop Surg ; 16(1): 34-40, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38304205

RESUMO

Background: May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) is iliac vein compression syndrome associated with postoperative deep vein thrombosis (DVT) resulting from chronic compression of the left iliac vein against lumbar vertebrae by the overlying right or left common iliac artery. MTS is not well known as a risk factor for DVT after total hip arthroplasty (THA). We evaluated the incidence of DVT after THA and analyzed if the MTS is a risk factor for DVT after THA. We hypothesized that MTS would be associated with an increased risk of developing DVT after THA. Methods: All patients > 65 years of age who underwent THA between January 1, 2009, and January 12, 2017, were identified. Among them, the patients who presented for postoperative DVT of the lower extremity were reviewed with medical record data. MTS was diagnosed with computed tomography (CT) angiography of the lower extremity. We analyzed the demographic data, symptoms, diagnoses, and treatment of MTS patients. Results: A total of 492 consecutive patients aged > 65 years who underwent operation for THA were enrolled. Among them, 5 patients (1.0%) presented for postoperative DVT of the lower extremity. After reviewing the CT angiography of the lower extremity, 4 out of 5 DVT patients (80%) were identified as having MTS. All MTS patients were female and presented with pain and swelling of the left leg. All MTS patients were treated with systemic anticoagulation, aspiration thrombectomy, and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. Complete resolution of thrombus was observed in all patients. Conclusions: If the diagnosis of MTS is delayed, the morbidity and mortality rates are significantly increased. Orthopedic surgeons should be aware of MTS as a risk factor for DVT after THA. Moreover, preoperative evaluation with duplex sonography or CT angiography to confirm MTS should be considered. In this regard, this study is considered to have sufficient clinical value for early diagnosis and appropriate treatment of MTS after THA.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Síndrome de May-Thurner , Trombose Venosa , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Masculino , Síndrome de May-Thurner/complicações , Síndrome de May-Thurner/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome de May-Thurner/epidemiologia , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/epidemiologia , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Fatores de Risco
17.
Clin Orthop Surg ; 16(1): 23-33, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38304207

RESUMO

Background: While cementless short stems have become popular in total hip arthroplasty (THA), Metha is a relatively recent development that differs from other short stems in its initial fixation concept of partial collum-sparing metaphyseal anchorage. The purpose of this study was to quantify the contact state between Metha and the femur. Additionally, we investigated the difference in contact points between Meta and Fitmore, which is one of the more popular curved short stems. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of 42 hips that underwent THA using Metha and 41 hips using Fitmore. Stem-to-femur contact was evaluated by density mapping using a three-dimensional digital template system to quantify the contact condition according to the modified Gruen zone. The criterion for the stem-to-bone contact boundary was defined as a computed tomography value of 543 Hounsfield. Results: Quantitative evaluation of Metha according to the modified Gruen zones showed the ratio of surface area with high cortical contact in each zone. The results were 4.6% ± 5.7% in zone 1, 0.9% ± 2.3% in zone 2, 19.1% ± 12.9% in zone 3, 1.4% ± 3.2% in zone 5, 29.6% ± 16.4% in zone 6, and 25.1% ± 17.7% in zones 7. Evaluation of Fitmore for the same zones was as follows: 1.6% ± 2.4%, 18.5% ± 16.9%, 20.8% ± 17.4%, 12.7% ± 12.8%, 3.7% ± 5.8%, and 13.3% ± 10.3%. Comparing the two groups, the contact area was significantly greater for Metha in zones 1, 6 and 7 and Fitmore in zones 2 and 5 (p < 0.05). Conclusions: It is possible for Metha to achieve metaphyseal anchoring by contacting the cortical bone at the proximal femur, thus avoiding proximal offloading. To the best of our knowledge, no previous studies have quantitatively reported stem-to-cortical bone contact conditions in curved short stems.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Prótese de Quadril , Humanos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fêmur/cirurgia , Software , Desenho de Prótese
18.
Clin Orthop Surg ; 16(1): 41-48, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38304210

RESUMO

Background: Understanding the risk factors and outcomes of intraoperative periprosthetic femoral fractures (IPFF) during hip arthroplasty is crucial for appropriate perioperative management. Previous studies have identified risk factors for IPFF in total hip arthroplasty patients, but data for hip hemiarthroplasty (HA) is lacking. The aim of this study was to determine the age associated with increased rates of IPFF in patients undergoing HA. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed patients aged 65 years and above who underwent a cementless HA for a displaced femoral neck fracture and had a minimum of 1-year follow-up. Patients were stratified into five age groups (65-79, 80-84, 85-89, 90-94, and ≥ 95 years) and further divided into two subgroups (under 95 years and 95 years or older). The presence, location, and treatment of IPFF, as well as the effect of IPFF on the postoperative weight-bearing status, were compared between groups. A multivariate logistic regression was also performed. A total of 1,669 met the inclusion criteria and were included in the study. Results: The rates of IPFF were significantly higher for patients 95 years or older (p = 0.030). However, fracture location (greater trochanter fractures, p = 0.839; calcar fractures, p = 0.394; and femoral shaft fractures p = 0.110), intraoperative treatment (p = 0.424), and postoperative weight-bearing status (p = 0.229) were similar between the groups. While mortality and nonorthopedic-related readmissions were significantly higher for patients 95 years or older, orthopedic-related readmissions (p = 0.148) and revisions at the latest follow-up (p = 0.253) were comparable between groups. In a regression analysis, age over 95 years (odds ratio, 2.049; p = 0.049) and body mass index (odds ratio, 0.935; p = 0.016) were independently associated with IPFF. Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest that age over 95 years is a significant, independent risk factor for IPFF in patients undergoing cementless HA. Although we were unable to show an impact on perioperative outcomes and orthopedic complications, when operating on patients 95 years or older, surgeons should be aware of the increased risk of IPFF and consider the use of stem designs and fixation types associated with decreased IPFF rates.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Fraturas do Fêmur , Fraturas do Colo Femoral , Hemiartroplastia , Prótese de Quadril , Fraturas Periprotéticas , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Prótese de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Hemiartroplastia/efeitos adversos , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/cirurgia , Fêmur/cirurgia , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Fraturas Periprotéticas/epidemiologia , Fraturas Periprotéticas/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia
19.
Clin Orthop Surg ; 16(1): 16-22, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38304220

RESUMO

Background: The purposes of this study were to determine the accuracy of our cup positioning method and to evaluate the dislocation rate after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Methods: After positioning the patient in the lateral decubitus position on the operation table, an anteroposterior view of the hip was taken. The pelvic pitch was measured on the X-ray. A positive pitch was defined as the caudal rotation of the upper hemipelvis. Our target abduction of the cup was 43°. We used the cup holder to guesstimate the cup abduction. In a preliminary study, we found that the weight of the cup holder increased the pelvic pitch by 5°. Thus, the target abduction of the cup holder was calculated by a formula: 43° - pelvic pitch - 5°. During the cup insertion, the cup holder was anteverted to the calculated target according to the concept of combined anteversion. We evaluated 478 THAs (429 patients), which were done with the use of the method. Results: The mean cup abduction was 43.9° (range, 32.0°-53.0°) and the mean error of cup abduction was 2.4° (standard deviation [SD], 2.0°; range, 0.0°-11.0°). The mean cup anteversion was 28.5° (range, 10.0°-42.0°) and the mean error of cup anteversion was 6.7° (SD, 5.2°; range, 0.0°-27.6°). Of all, 82.4% of the cups (394 / 478) were within the safe zone: 30°-50° abduction and 10°-35° anteversion. During 2- to 5-year follow-up, no hip dislocated. Conclusions: Our adjusting method according to the pelvic pitch can be a reliable option for optimizing the cup abduction in THA.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Prótese de Quadril , Luxações Articulares , Humanos , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Radiografia , Movimento , Luxações Articulares/cirurgia
20.
Saudi Med J ; 45(2): 194-198, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309739

RESUMO

Systemic cobalt-chromium (Co-Cr) toxicity following a total hip replacement is a rare complication that may sometimes lead to fatal consequences. We report a case of a 64-year-old woman, who presented with Co-Cr toxicity after revision of fractured ceramic components with metal-on-polyethylene. Systemic toxicity occurred a year after surgery and was expressed brutally with mostly central neurological symptoms. Revision surgery allowed rapid regression of all symptoms. Prosthetic revision with a metal bearing surface after a history of fracture of the ceramic bearing component should be avoided. Orthopedic surgeons and the different medical actors should be aware of this rare but serious complication to allow earlier management. Above all, multidisciplinary management is primordial to allow correct diagnosis and appropriate treatment.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Fraturas Ósseas , Prótese de Quadril , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Cromo/toxicidade , Prótese de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Cobalto/toxicidade , Falha de Prótese , Reoperação , Desenho de Prótese
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...