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1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(25): 1968-1972, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225417

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the impact of ultrasound-guided lumbar plexus, sciatic nerve and L1 paravertebral combined nerve blocks on the outcomes of elderly acute cerebral infarction patients with femoral neck fracture who underwent hip replacement. Methods: The clinical data of 114 elderly acute cerebral infarction patients with femoral neck fracture and underwent artificial hip replacement surgery from May 2013 to September 2018 in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups based on the different anesthetic methods they received: general anesthesia (G group, n=48), lumbar plexus, sciatic nerve and L1 paravertebral combined nerve blocks (N group, n=66). The operation time, anesthesia time, blood loss, urine volume, norepinephrine dose, length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, hospital mortality and postoperative 6-month mortality were observed and compared between the two groups. The mini-mental state examination (MMSE) scores and the national institute of health stroke scale (NIHSS) scores were evaluated, respectively. Meanwhile, plasma D-Dimer and S100ß levels were measured 1 d before surgery, 3 d and 7 d after surgery. Results: There were no significant differences in the baseline characteristics, operation time, anesthesia time, blood loss and length of ICU stay between the two groups (all P>0.05). Compared with group G, the dosage of norepinephrine [(86±23) µg vs (184±28) µg], hospital mortality [7.6% (5/66) vs 25.0% (12/48)] and postoperative 6-month mortality [12.1% (8/66) vs 31.3% (15/48)] were significantly decreased in group N, while the urine volume [(265±58) ml vs (160±55) ml] was significantly increased (all P<0.01). The MMSE scores (9.9±3.0 vs 14.6±2.4) in group N were significantly higher than those in the group G 3 d after surgery, while the NIHSS scores (15.3±3.2 vs 9.9±3.5), plasma D-Dimer [(10.8±2.5) mg/L vs (7.3±2.2) mg/L] and S100ß levels [(326±35) ng/L vs (276±29) ng/L] were significantly lower than those in group G (all P<0.01). Conclusion: Combined nerve blocks can reduce the mortality of acute cerebral infarction patients undergoing hip replacement surgery, and improve the brain function and prognosis of the patients.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Bloqueio Nervoso , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Idoso , Infarto Cerebral , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7): 1197-1205, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192922

RESUMO

AIMS: A typical pattern of blood loss associated with total hip arthroplasty (THA) is 200 ml intraoperatively and 1.3 l in the first 48 postoperative hours. Tranexamic acid (TXA) is most commonly given as a single preoperative dose only and is often withheld from patients with a history of thromboembolic disease as they are perceived to be "high-risk" with respect to postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE). The TRanexamic ACid for 24 hours trial (TRAC-24) aimed to identify if an additional 24-hour postoperative TXA regime could further reduce blood loss beyond a once-only dose at the time of surgery, without excluding these high-risk patients. METHODS: TRAC-24 was a prospective, phase IV, single centre, open label, parallel group, randomized controlled trial (RCT) involving patients undergoing primary unilateral elective THA. The primary outcome measure was the indirect calculated blood loss (IBL) at 48 hours. The patients were randomized into three groups. Group 1 received 1 g intravenous (IV) TXA at the time of surgery and an additional oral regime for 24 hours postoperatively, group 2 only received the intraoperative dose, and group 3 did not receive any TXA. RESULTS: A total of 534 patients were randomized, with 233 in group 1, 235 in group 2, and 66 in group 3; 92 patients (17.2%) were considered high-risk. The mean IBL did not differ significantly between the two intervention groups (848.4 ml (SD 463.8) for group 1, and 843.7 ml (SD 478.7) for group 2; mean difference -4.7 ml (95% confidence interval -82.9 to 92.3); p = 0.916). No differences in mortality or incidence of VTE were observed between any group. CONCLUSION: The addition of oral TXA for 24 hours postoperatively does not reduce blood loss beyond that achieved with a single 1 g IV perioperative dose alone. There may be a clinically relevant difference in patients with a normal BMI, which warrants further investigation. Critically, there were no safety issues in patients with a history of thromboembolic, cardiovascular, or cerebrovascular disease. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7):1197-1205.


Assuntos
Antifibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Artroplastia de Quadril , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Ácido Tranexâmico/administração & dosagem , Administração Oral , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Intravenosas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Irlanda do Norte , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevenção & controle
3.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7): 1222-1230, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192924

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to compare the implant survival, complications, readmissions, and mortality of Vancouver B2 periprosthetic femoral fractures (PFFs) treated with internal fixation with that of B1 PFFs treated with internal fixation and B2 fractures treated with revision arthroplasty. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of 112 PFFs, of which 47 (42%) B1 and 27 (24%) B2 PFFs were treated with internal fixation, whereas 38 (34%) B2 fractures underwent revision arthroplasty. Decision to perform internal fixation for B2 PFFs was based on specific radiological (polished femoral components, intact bone-cement interface) and clinical criteria (low-demand patient). Median follow-up was 36.4 months (24 to 60). Implant survival and mortality over time were estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method. Adverse events (measured with a modified Dindo-Clavien classification) and 90-day readmissions were additionally compared between groups. RESULTS: In all, nine (8.01%) surgical failures were detected. All failures occurred within the first 24 months following surgery. The 24-month implant survival was 95.4% (95% confidence interval (CI) 89.13 to 100) for B1 fractures treated with internal fixation, 90% (95% CI 76.86 to 100) for B2 PFFs treated with osteosynthesis-only, and 85.8% (95% CI 74.24 to 97.36) for B2 fractures treated with revision THA, without significant differences between groups (p = 0.296). Readmissions and major adverse events including mortality were overall high, but similar between groups (p > 0.05). The two-year patient survival rate was 87.1% (95% CI 77.49 to 95.76), 66.7% (95% CI 48.86 to 84.53), and 84.2% (95% CI 72.63 to 95.76), for the B1 group, B2 osteosynthesis group, and B2 revision group, respectively (p = 0.102). CONCLUSION: Implant survival in Vancouver B2 PFFs treated with internal fixation was similar to that of B1 fractures treated with the same method and to B2 PFFs treated with revision arthroplasty. Low-demand, elderly patients with B2 fractures around well-cemented polished femoral components with an intact bone-cement interface can be safely treated with internal fixation. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7):1222-1230.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Prótese de Quadril , Fraturas Periprotéticas/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cimentação , Feminino , Fraturas do Fêmur/classificação , Fraturas do Fêmur/mortalidade , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Fraturas Periprotéticas/classificação , Fraturas Periprotéticas/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7): 1247-1253, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192931

RESUMO

AIMS: There is a paucity of long-term studies analyzing risk factors for failure after single-stage revision for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) following total hip arthroplasty (THA). We report the mid- to long-term septic and non-septic failure rate of single-stage revision for PJI after THA. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 88 cases which met the Musculoskeletal Infection Society (MSIS) criteria for PJI. Mean follow-up was seven years (1 to 14). Septic failure was diagnosed with a Delphi-based consensus definition. Any reoperation for mechanical causes in the absence of evidence of infection was considered as non-septic failure. A competing risk regression model was used to evaluate factors associated with septic and non-septic failures. A Kaplan-Meier estimate was used to analyze mortality. RESULTS: The cumulative incidence of septic failure was 8% (95% confidence interval (CI) 3.5 to 15) at one year, 13.8% (95% CI 7.6 to 22) at two years, and 19.7% (95% CI 12 to 28.6) at five and ten years of follow-up. A femoral bone defect worse than Paprosky IIIA (hazard ratio (HR) 13.58 (95% CI 4.86 to 37.93); p < 0.001) and obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2; HR 3.88 (95% CI 1.49 to 10.09); p = 0.005) were significantly associated with septic failure. Instability and periprosthetic fracture were the most common reasons for mechanical failure (5.7% and 4.5%, respectively). The cumulative incidence of aseptic failure was 2% (95% CI 0.4 to 7) at two years, 9% (95% CI 4 to 17) at five years, and 12% (95% CI 5 to 22) at ten years. A previous revision to treat PJI was significantly associated with non-septic failure (HR 9.93 (95% CI 1.77 to 55.46); p = 0.009). At the five-year timepoint, 93% of the patients were alive (95% CI 84% to 96%), which fell to 86% (95% CI 75% to 92%) at ten-year follow-up. CONCLUSION: Massive femoral bone loss was associated with greater chances of developing a further septic failure. All septic failures occurred within the first five years following the one-stage exchange. Surgeons should be aware of instability and periprosthetic fracture being potential causes of further aseptic revision surgery. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7):1247-1253.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Fêmur/patologia , Prótese de Quadril , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Reabsorção Óssea/patologia , Técnica Delfos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/patologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/epidemiologia , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
5.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7): 1176-1186, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192937

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of time to surgical intervention from admission on mortality and morbidity for patients with hip fractures. METHODS: MEDLINE and Embase were searched from inception to June 2020. Reference lists were manually assessed to identify additional papers. Primary comparative research studies that recruited patients aged over 60 years, with non-pathological primary proximal femoral fractures that were treated surgically, were included. Studies that did not include a group operated on within 24 hours or which reported time to surgery in calendar days were excluded. Two investigators extracted data on study characteristics, methods, and outcomes. The pre-defined primary outcome was 30-day mortality. Secondary outcomes were complications and mortality at other time points. Relative risks (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were aggregated and were grouped by study-level characteristics. RESULTS: This review included 46 studies (January 1991 to June 2020), comprising 521,857 hip fractures with 64,047 postoperative deaths. No randomized controlled trials were eligible for inclusion. In a pooled analysis of 15 studies, RR of mortality at 30 days comparing time to surgery < 24 hours with > 24 hours was 0.86 (95% CI 0.82 to 0.91; I 2 = 69%; 95% CI 50% to 81%; p-value for heterogeneity < 0.001). The association was stronger in observational studies that did not adjust for confounders than in those that adjusted for multiple covariates. In a pooled analysis of six studies, the RR of mortality at 30 days comparing time to surgery < 24 hours with 24 to 36 hours was 0.87 (95% CI 0.81 to 0.93; I 2 = 65%; 95% CI 16% to 85%; p-value for heterogeneity = 0.014). CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis indicates reduced mortality for patients operated within 24 hours compared with those operated on beyond 24 hours or within 24 to 36 hours. Where resources allow and there is no specific reversible contraindication to early surgery, we recommend that hip fractures should be surgically treated within 24 hours. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7):1176-1186.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril/mortalidade , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Tempo para o Tratamento , Artroplastia de Quadril , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos
6.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7): 1206-1214, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192938

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to investigate if the use of the largest possible cobalt-chromium head articulating with polyethylene acetabular inserts would increase the in vivo wear rate in total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: In a single-blinded randomized controlled trial, 96 patients (43 females), at a median age of 63 years (interquartile range (IQR) 57 to 69), were allocated to receive either the largest possible modular femoral head (36 mm to 44 mm) in the thinnest possible insert or a standard 32 mm head. All patients received a vitamin E-doped cross-linked polyethylene insert and a cobalt-chromium head. The primary outcome was proximal head penetration measured with radiostereometric analysis (RSA) at two years. Secondary outcomes were volumetric wear, periacetabular radiolucencies, and patient-reported outcomes. RESULTS: At two years, 44 patients in each group were available for RSA assessment. The median total two-year proximal head penetration was -0.02 mm (IQR -0.09 to 0.07; p = 0.548) for the largest possible head and -0.01 mm (IQR -0.07 to 0.10; p = 0.525) for 32 mm heads. Their difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.323). Neither group demonstrated a bedding-in period. The median steady-state volumetric wear rates were 6.1 mm3/year (IQR -59 to 57) and 3.5 mm3/year (-21 to 34) respectively, and did not differ between the groups (p = 0.848). There were no statistically significant differences in periacetabular radiolucencies or patient-reported outcomes. CONCLUSION: The use of the largest possible metal head did not increase vitamin E-doped cross-linked polyethylene wear compared with 32 mm heads at two years. Linear wear was negligible and volumetric wear rates were very low in both head size groups. There was a tendency towards higher values of volumetric wear in large heads that warrants longer-term evaluation before any definite conclusions about the association between head size and wear can be drawn. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7):1206-1214.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/instrumentação , Prótese de Quadril , Polietileno/química , Vitamina E/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Ligas de Cromo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Porosidade , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Análise Radioestereométrica , Método Simples-Cego , Propriedades de Superfície
7.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7): 1215-1221, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192939

RESUMO

AIMS: Cement-in-cement revision of the femoral component represents a widely practised technique for a variety of indications in revision total hip arthroplasty. In this study, we compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of two polished tapered femoral components. METHODS: From our prospectively collated database, we identified all patients undergoing cement-in-cement revision from January 2005 to January 2013 who had a minimum of two years' follow-up. All cases were performed by the senior author using either an Exeter short revision stem or the C-Stem AMT high offset No. 1 prosthesis. Patients were followed-up annually with clinical and radiological assessment. RESULTS: A total of 97 patients matched the inclusion criteria (50 Exeter and 47 C-Stem AMT components). There were no significant differences between the patient demographic data in either group. Mean follow-up was 9.7 years. A significant improvement in Oxford Hip Score (OHS), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), and 12-item Short-Form Survey (SF-12) scores was observed in both cohorts. Leg lengths were significantly shorter in the Exeter group, with a mean of -4 mm in this cohort compared with 0 mm in the C-Stem AMT group. One patient in the Exeter group had early evidence of radiological loosening. In total, 16 patients (15%) underwent further revision of the femoral component (seven in the C-Stem AMT group and nine in the Exeter group). No femoral components were revised for aseptic loosening. There were two cases of femoral component fracture in the Exeter group. CONCLUSION: Our series shows promising mid-term outcomes for the cement-in-cement revision technique using either the Exeter or C-Stem AMT components. These results demonstrate that cement-in-cement revision using a double or triple taper-slip design is a safe and reliable technique when used for the correct indications. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7):1215-1221.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Prótese de Quadril , Desenho de Prótese , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Quadril/instrumentação , Cimentação , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
8.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7): 1238-1246, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192940

RESUMO

AIMS: Dual mobility implants in total hip arthroplasty are designed to increase the functional head size, thus decreasing the potential for dislocation. Modular dual mobility (MDM) implants incorporate a metal liner (e.g. cobalt-chromium alloy) in a metal shell (e.g. titanium alloy), raising concern for mechanically assisted crevice corrosion at the modular liner-shell connection. We sought to examine fretting and corrosion on MDM liners, to analyze the corrosion products, and to examine histologically the periprosthetic tissues. METHODS: A total of 60 retrieved liners were subjectively scored for fretting and corrosion. The corrosion products from the three most severely corroded implants were removed from the implant surface, imaged using scanning electron microscopy, and analyzed using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. RESULTS: Fretting was present on 88% (53/60) of the retrieved liners, and corrosion was present on 97% (58/60). Fretting was most often found on the lip of the taper at the transition between the lip and the dome regions. Macrophages and particles reflecting an innate inflammatory reaction to corrosion debris were noted in six of the 48 cases for which periprosthetic tissues were examined, and all were associated with retrieved components that had high corrosion scores. CONCLUSION: Our results show that corrosion occurs at the interface between MDM liners and shells and that it can be associated with reactions in the local tissues, suggesting continued concern that this problem may become clinically important with longer-term use of these implants. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7):1238-1246.


Assuntos
Ligas de Cromo/química , Prótese de Quadril , Desenho de Prótese , Titânio/química , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Quadril , Corrosão , Remoção de Dispositivo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polietileno/química , Falha de Prótese , Reoperação , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Propriedades de Superfície
9.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7): 1231-1237, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192941

RESUMO

AIMS: To find out if there is an inverse association between estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and whole blood cobalt (Co) and chromium (Cr) levels in patients with metal-on-metal (MoM) hip arthroplasties and renal insufficiency, suggesting that renal insufficiency could cause accumulation of Co and Cr in blood. METHODS: Out of 2,520 patients with 3,013 MoM hip arthroplasties, we identified 1,244 patients with whole blood Co, Cr, and creatinine measured within no more than a one-year interval. We analyzed the correlation of blood metal ion levels and eGFR to identify a potential trend of accumulating Co or Cr with decreasing eGFR. RESULTS: Of the 1,244 patients, 112 had normal renal function (eGFR > 90 ml/min/1.73 m2), 715 had mild renal insufficiency (eGFR 60 to 89), 384 had moderate renal insufficiency (eGFR 30 to 59), 27 had severe renal insufficiency (eGFR 15 to 29), and six had end-stage renal insufficiency (eGFR < 15). Median eGFR was 68 ml/min/1.73 m2 (interquartile range (IQR) 56 to 82), median whole blood Co was 3.3 µg/l (IQR 1.1 to 9.9), and median Cr was 2.0 µg/l (IQR 1.2 to 3.6). We did not observe an association between decreased eGFR and increased whole blood Co and Cr concentrations, but instead both increased Co and Cr were associated with higher eGFR, indicating better kidney function. CONCLUSION: As patients with MoM hip arthroplasties get older, the prevalence of renal insufficiency among them will increase, and orthopaedic surgeons will increasingly have to evaluate whether or not this affects patient follow-up. The USA Food and Drug Administration suggests that closer follow-up may be needed for MoM patients with renal insufficiency. We did not observe accumulation of blood Co or Cr in MoM hip arthroplasty patients with mild to severe renal insufficiency. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7):1231-1237.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/instrumentação , Cromo/sangue , Cobalto/sangue , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Próteses Articulares Metal-Metal , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Creatinina/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 78-83, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192900

RESUMO

AIMS: Highly cross-linked polyethylene (HXLPE) has greatly improved the durability of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in young patients because of its improved wear characteristics. Few studies have followed this population into the second decade, and therefore the purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the clinical outcome for THA patients 50 years of age and younger at a minimum of 15 years postoperatively. The second purpose was to evaluate the radiological findings secondary to wear or mechanical failure of the implant. METHODS: Between October 1999 and December 2005, 105 THAs were performed in 95 patients (53 female, 42 male) aged 50 years and younger (mean 42 years (20 to 50)). There were 87 patients (96 hips) that were followed for a minimum of 15 years (mean 17.3 years (15 to 21)) for analysis. Posterior approach was used with cementless fixation with a median head size of 28 mm. HXLPE was the acetabular bearing for all hips. Radiographs were evaluated for polyethylene wear, radiolucent lines, and osteolysis. RESULTS: Clinical outcomes showed significant improvement of mean Harris Hip Scores from 52.8 (SD 13.5) preoperatively to 94.8 (SD 7.6) postoperatively. One hip was revised for recurrent instability, and there were no infections. No hips were revised for mechanical loosening or osteolysis. Mean polyethylene linear wear was 0.04 mm/year and volumetric wear was 6.22 mm3/year, with no significant differences between head size or material. Osteolysis was not present in any of the hips. CONCLUSION: The use of HXLPE in THA for patients aged 50 years and younger has performed exceptionally well without evidence of significant wear causing mechanical loosening or necessitating revision. The radiolucent lines of the acetabular component must be followed to determine the prognostic significance. This investigation represents the longest clinical follow-up of a large, consecutive cohort of patients aged 50 years or younger with THA using HXLPE. This long-term analysis found negligible polyethylene wear, no incidence of aseptic loosening, and excellent clinical outcomes at and beyond 15 years of follow-up. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):78-83.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Prótese de Quadril , Polietileno/química , Desenho de Prótese , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
11.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 122-128, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192901

RESUMO

AIMS: The prevalence of ipsilateral total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is rising in concert with life expectancy, putting more patients at risk for interprosthetic femur fractures (IPFFs). Our study aimed to assess treatment methodologies, implant survivorship, and IPFF clinical outcomes. METHODS: A total of 76 patients treated for an IPFF from February 1985 to April 2018 were reviewed. Prior to fracture, at the hip/knee sites respectively, 46 femora had primary/primary, 21 had revision/primary, three had primary/revision, and six had revision/revision components. Mean age and BMI were 74 years (33 to 99) and 30 kg/m2 (21 to 46), respectively. Mean follow-up after fracture treatment was seven years (2 to 24). RESULTS: Overall, 59 fractures were classified as Vancouver C (Unified Classification System (UCS) D), 17 were Vancouver B (UCS B). In total, 57 patients (75%) were treated with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF); three developed nonunion, three developed periprosthetic joint infection, and two developed aseptic loosening. In all, 18 patients (24%) underwent revision arthroplasty including 13 revision THAs, four distal femoral arthroplasties (DFAs), and one revision TKA: of these, one patient developed aseptic loosening and two developed nonunion. Survivorship free from any reoperation was 82% (95% confidence interval (CI) 66.9% to 90.6%) and 77% (95% CI 49.4% to 90.7%) in the ORIF and revision groups at two years, respectively. ORIF patients who went on to union tended to have stemmed knee components and greater mean interprosthetic distance (IPD = 189 mm (SD 73.6) vs 163 mm (SD 36.7); p = 0.546) than nonunited fractures. Patients who went on to nonunion in the revision arthroplasty group had higher medullary diameter: cortical width ratio (2.5 (SD 1.7) vs 1.3 (SD 0.3); p = 0.008) and lower IPD (36 mm (SD 30.6) vs 214 mm (SD 32.1); p < 0.001). At latest follow-up, 95% of patients (n = 72) were ambulatory. CONCLUSION: Interprosthetic femur fractures are technically and biologically challenging cases. Individualized approaches to internal fixation versus revision arthroplasty led to an 81% (95% CI 68.3% to 88.6%) survivorship free from reoperation at two years with 95% of patients ambulatory. Continued improvements in management are warranted. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):122-128.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fraturas Periprotéticas/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Fraturas do Fêmur/classificação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fraturas Periprotéticas/classificação , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/classificação , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos
12.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 33-37, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192902

RESUMO

AIMS: To achieve the functional benefits of the direct anterior (DA) approach and the fixation benefits of cemented replacement, this study combined the two techniques posing the following questions: does the limited access of the DA approach adversely affect the cement technique?; and does such a cementing technique reduce the incidence of cementless complications? METHODS: A consecutive series of 341 patients (360 hips) receiving the DA approach between 2016 and 2018 were reviewed. There were 203 cementless stems and 157 cemented stems. Mean age was 75 years (70 to 86) in the cementless group and 76 years (52 to 94) in the cemented group, with 239 (70%) females in the whole series. Femoral complications were compared between the two groups. Mean follow-up was 1.5 years (0.1 to 4.4) for patients in the cementless group and 1.3 years (0.0 to 3.9) for patients in the cemented group. RESULTS: The cementless group had a higher rate of femoral complications (8 vs 0; p = 0.011). There were two loose stems and six fractures, all requiring revision. Fractures occurred a mean 14.5 days (2 to 31) postoperatively and loosening at 189 days and 422 days postoperatively. Femoral cementing can be done using the DA approach safely and reduces the number of complications compared with a contemporary cementless series. CONCLUSION: A higher rate of early fractures and loosening occurred with cementless stems. This was not observed in our cemented stem cohort and cementing was safely accomplished through the DA approach. The modern femoral cementing process with the DA approach does not add to surgical complexity or time, has fewer early complications, and is a safer option for older patients compared to cementless femoral arthroplasties. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):33-37.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Cimentos Ósseos , Prótese de Quadril , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 98-102, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192903

RESUMO

AIMS: The purpose of this study was to determine the access to and ability to use telemedicine technology in adult patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA), and to determine associations with the socioeconomic characteristics of the patients, including age, sex, race, and education. We also sought to understand the patients' perceived benefits, risks, and preferences when dealing with telemedicine. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey involving patients awaiting primary THA and TKA by one of six surgeons at a single academic institution. Patients were included and called for a telephone-administered survey if their surgery was scheduled to be between 23 March and 2 June 2020, and were aged > 18 years. RESULTS: The response rate was 52% (189 of 363 patients). A total of 170 patients (90.4%) reported using the internet, 177 (94.1%) reported owning a device capable of videoconferencing, and 143 (76.1%) had participated in a video call in the past year. When asked for their preferred method for a consultation, 155 (82.8%) and 26 (13.9%) ranked in-person and a videoconference as their first choice, respectively. The perceived benefits of telemedicine consultations included reduced travel to appointments (165 (88.2%) agreed) and reduced cost of attending appointments (123 (65.8%) agreed). However, patients were concerned that they would not establish the same patient-physician connection (100 (53.8%) agreed), and would not receive the same level of care (52 (33.2%) agreed) using telemedicine consultations compared with in-person consultations. CONCLUSION: Most patients undergoing arthroplasty have access to and are capable of using the technology required for telemedicine consultations. However, they still prefer in-person consultations due to concerns that they will not establish the same patient-physician connection and will not receive the same level of care, despite the benefits of reducing the time spent in travelling and the cost of attending appointments, and the appointments being easier to attend. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):98-102.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Telemedicina , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 129-134, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192904

RESUMO

AIMS: Improvements in functional results and long-term survival are variable following conversion of hip fusion to total hip arthroplasty (THA) and complications are high. The aim of the study was to analyze the clinical and functional results in patients who underwent conversion of hip fusion to THA using a consistent technique and uncemented implants. METHODS: A total of 39 hip fusion conversions to THA were undertaken in 38 patients by a single surgeon employing a consistent surgical technique and uncemented implants. Parameters assessed included Harris Hip Score (HHS) for function, range of motion (ROM), leg length discrepancy (LLD), satisfaction, and use of walking aid. Radiographs were reviewed for loosening, subsidence, and heterotopic ossification (HO). Postoperative complications and implant survival were assessed. RESULTS: At mean 12.2 years (2 to 24) follow-up, HHS improved from mean 34.2 (20.8 to 60.5) to 75 (53.6 to 94.0; p < 0.001). Mean postoperative ROM was flexion 77° (50° to 95°), abduction 30° (10° to 40°), adduction 20° (5° to 25°), internal rotation 18° (2° to 30°), and external rotation 17° (5° to 30°). LLD improved from mean -3.36 cm (0 to 8) to postoperative mean -1.14 cm (0 to 4; p < 0.001). Postoperatively, 26 patients (68.4%) required the use of a walking aid. Complications included one (2.5%) dislocation, two (5.1%) partial sciatic nerve injuries, one (2.5%) deep periprosthetic joint infection, two instances of (5.1%) acetabular component aseptic loosening, two (5.1%) periprosthetic fractures, and ten instances of HO (40%), of which three (7.7%) were functionally limiting and required excision. Kaplan-Meier Survival was 97.1% (95% confidence interval (CI) 91.4% to 100%) at ten years and 88.2% (95% CI 70.96 to 100) at 15 years with implant revision for aseptic loosening as endpoint and 81.7% (95% CI 70.9% to 98.0%) at ten years and 74.2% (95% CI 55.6 to 92.8) at 15 years follow-up with implant revision for all cause failure as endpoint. CONCLUSION: The use of an optimal and consistent surgical technique and cementless implants can result in significant functional improvement, low complication rates, long-term implant survival, and high patient satisfaction following conversion of hip fusion to THA. The possibility of requiring a walking aid should be discussed with the patient before surgery. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):129-134.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Prótese de Quadril , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Desigualdade de Membros Inferiores/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ossificação Heterotópica/epidemiologia , Satisfação do Paciente , Falha de Prótese , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
15.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 25-32, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192905

RESUMO

AIMS: Adverse local tissue reactions associated with abnormal wear considerably slowed down the general use of metal-on-metal (MoM) hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA), now limited to a few specialized centres. In this study, we provide the clinical results of 400 consecutive MoM HRAs implanted more than 20 years ago in one such centre. METHODS: A total of 355 patients (400 hips) were treated with Conserve Plus HRA between November 1996 and November 2000. There were 96 female (27%) and 259 male patients (73%). Their mean age was 48.2 years (SD 10.9). The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) hip scores and 12-item Short Form Survey (SF-12) quality of life scores were reported. Survivorship was assessed using Kaplan-Meier analyses. RESULTS: The mean follow-up was 16.5 years (0.1 to 24.0), including 34 patients (37 hips) who died. The mean UCLA hip scores were 9.3 (2 to 10), 9.1 (3 to 10), 9.0 (3 to 10), and 6.9 (2 to 10) for pain, walking, function, and activity, respectively. The mean SF-12 scores were 48.4 (16.0 to 62.1) for the physical component and 48.5 (10.5 to 66.5) for the mental component, and did not differ from those of the general population of the USA. A total of 60 hips in 55 patients were revised. Using revision for any indication as the endpoint, the Kaplan-Meier survivorship was 83.5% at 20 years. A diagnosis of developmental dysplasia (hazard ratio (HR) 2.199 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.140 to 4.239); p = 0.019) and a low BMI (HR 0.931 (95% CI 0.873 to 0.994); p = 0.032) were risk factors for revision. Female sex was a risk factor only because of hip dysplasia and small component size. There were no cases of metal sensitivity associated with revision surgery. Radiological analysis showed persistent fixation in all but one hip. CONCLUSION: The 83.5% 20-year survivorship of this initial series surpasses that of total hip arthroplasties in use 20 years ago in these young patients, suggesting satisfactory lifelong durability of the device for almost all of the remaining patients. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):25-32.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Prótese de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Próteses Articulares Metal-Metal/efeitos adversos , Atividades Cotidianas , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Falha de Prótese , Qualidade de Vida , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
16.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 111-115, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192906

RESUMO

AIMS: Although there is increasing legalization of the use of cannabis in the USA, few well-powered studies have evaluated the association between cannabis use disorder and outcomes following primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether patients who use cannabis and undergo primary THA have higher rates of in-hospital length of stay (LOS), medical complications, implant-related complications, and costs. METHODS: Using an administrative database, patients with cannabis use disorder undergoing primary THA were matched to a control group in a 1:5 ratio by age, sex, and various medical comorbidities. This yielded 23,030 patients (3,842 in the study group matched with 19,188 in the control group). The variables which were studied included LOS, 90-day medical complications, two-year implant-related complications, and 90-day costs of care. Mann-Whitney U tests were used to compare LOS and costs. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to calculate the odds ratios (ORs) of developing complications. RESULTS: We found that patients in the study group had a significantly longer mean LOS compared with the controls (four days vs three days; p < 0.0001).The study group also had a significantly higher incidence and odds of developing medical (23.0 vs 9.8%, OR 1.6; p < 0.0001) and implant-related complications (16 vs 7.4%, OR 1.6; p < 0.0001) and incurred significantly higher mean 90-day costs ($16,938.00 vs $16,023.00; p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: With the increasing rates of cannabis use, these findings allow orthopaedic surgeons and other healthcare professionals to counsel patients with cannabis use disorder about the possible outcomes following their THA, with increased hospital stays, complications, and costs. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):111-115.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Abuso de Maconha/complicações , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Custos Hospitalares , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
17.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 91-97, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192907

RESUMO

AIMS: The purpose of this study is to evaluate early outcomes with the use of a smartphone-based exercise and educational care management system after total hip arthroplasty (THA) and demonstrate decreased use of in-person physiotherapy (PT). METHODS: A multicentre, prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted to evaluate a smartphone-based care platform for primary THA. Patients randomized to the control group (198) received the institution's standard of care. Those randomized to the treatment group (167) were provided with a smartwatch and smartphone application. PT use, THA complications, readmissions, emergency department/urgent care visits, and physician office visits were evaluated. Outcome scores include the Hip disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS, JR), health-related quality-of-life EuroQol five-dimension five-level score (EQ-5D-5L), single leg stance (SLS) test, and the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test. RESULTS: The control group was significantly younger by a mean 3.0 years (SD 9.8 for control, 10.4 for treatment group; p = 0.007), but there were no significant differences between groups in BMI, sex, or preoperative diagnosis. Postoperative PT use was significantly lower in the treatment group (34%) than in the control group (55.4%; p = 0.001). There were no statistically significant differences in complications, readmissions, or outpatient visits. The 90-day outcomes showed no significant differences in mean hip flexion between controls (101° (SD 10.8)) and treatment (100° (SD 11.3); p = 0.507) groups. The HOOS, JR scores were not significantly different between control group (73 points (SD 13.8)) and treatment group (73.6 points (SD 13); p = 0.660). Mean 30-day SLS time was 22.9 seconds (SD 19.8) in the control group and 20.7 seconds (SD 19.5) in the treatment group (p = 0.342). Mean TUG time was 11.8 seconds (SD 5.1) for the control group and 11.9 (SD 5) seconds for the treatment group (p = 0.859). CONCLUSION: The use of the smartphone care management system demonstrated similar early outcomes to those achieved using traditional care models, along with a significant decrease in PT use. Noninferiority was demonstrated with regard to complications, readmissions, and ED and urgent care visits. This technology allows patients to rehabilitate on a more flexible schedule and avoid unnecessary healthcare visits, as well as potentially reducing overall healthcare costs. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):91-97.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/reabilitação , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Período Pós-Operatório , Autocuidado , Smartphone , Avaliação da Deficiência , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Visita a Consultório Médico/estatística & dados numéricos , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida
18.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 73-77, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192909

RESUMO

AIMS: Dual mobility (DM) implants have been shown to reduce the dislocation rate after total hip arthroplasty (THA), but there remain concerns about the use of cobalt chrome liners inserted into titanium shells. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical outcomes, metal ion levels, and periprosthetic femoral bone mineral density (BMD) at mid-term follow-up in young, active patients receiving a modular DM THA. METHODS: This was a prospective study involving patients aged < 65 years, with a BMI of < 35 kg/m2, and University of California, Los Angeles activity score of > 6 who underwent primary THA with a modular cobalt chrome acetabular liner, highly cross-linked polyethylene mobile bearing, and a cementless titanium femoral stem. Patient-reported outcome measures, whole blood metal ion levels (µg/l), and periprosthetic femoral BMD were measured at baseline and at one, two, and five years postoperatively. The results two years postoperatively for this cohort have been previously reported. RESULTS: A total of 43 patients were enrolled. At minimum follow-up of five years, 23 (53.4%) returned for clinical and radiological review, 25 (58.1%) had metal ion analysis performed, 19 (44.2%) underwent dual energy x-ray absorptiometry scans, and 25 (58%) completed a pain-drawing questionnaire. The mean modified Harris Hip Scores improved significantly from 54.8 (SD 19) preoperatively to 93.08 (SD 10.5) five years postoperatively (p < 0.001). One patient was revised for aseptic acetabular loosening. The mean cobalt levels increased from 0.065 µg/l (SD 0.03) to 0.08 (SD 0.05) and the mean titanium levels increased from 0.35 (SD 0.13) to 0.78 (SD 0.29). The femoral BMD ratio decreased in Gruen Zone 1 (91.9%) at five years postoperatively compared with the baseline scores at six weeks potoperatively. The femoral BMD ratio was maintained in Gruen zones 2 to 7. CONCLUSION: The use of a modular DM component and a cementless, tapered femoral stem shows excellent mid-term survivorship with minimal concerns for corrosion and metal ion release in a cohort of young, active patients undergoing primary THA. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):73-77.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Prótese de Quadril , Desenho de Prótese , Adulto , Densidade Óssea , Ligas de Cromo , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Íons/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polietileno , Estudos Prospectivos , Titânio
19.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 66-72, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192910

RESUMO

AIMS: Modular dual mobility (MDM) acetabular components are often used with the aim of reducing the risk of dislocation in revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). There is, however, little information in the literature about its use in this context. The aim of this study, therefore, was to evaluate the outcomes in a cohort of patients in whom MDM components were used at revision THA, with a mean follow-up of more than five years. METHODS: Using the database of a single academic centre, 126 revision THAs in 117 patients using a single design of an MDM acetabular component were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 94 revision THAs in 88 patients with a mean follow-up of 5.5 years were included in the study. Survivorship was analyzed with the endpoints of dislocation, reoperation for dislocation, acetabular revision for aseptic loosening, and acetabular revision for any reason. The secondary endpoints were surgical complications and the radiological outcome. RESULTS: The overall rate of dislocation was 11%, with a six-year survival of 91%. Reoperation for dislocation was performed in seven patients (7%), with a six-year survival of 94%. The dislocations were early (at a mean of 33 days) in six patients, and late (at a mean of 4.3 years) in four patients. There were three intraprosthetic dissociations. An outer head diameter of ≥ 48 mm was associated with a lower risk of dislocation (p = 0.013). Lumbrosacral fusion was associated with increased dislocation (p = 0.004). Four revision THAs (4%) were further revised for aseptic acetabular loosening, and severe bone loss (Paprosky III) at the time of the initial revision was significantly associated with further revision for aseptic acetabular loosening (p = 0.008). Fourteen acetabular components (15%) were re-revised for infection, and a pre-revision diagnosis of reimplantation after periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) was associated with subsequent PJI (p < 0.001). Two THAs had visible metallic changes on the backside of the cobalt chromium liner. CONCLUSION: When using this MDM component in revision THA, at a mean follow-up of 5.5 years, there was a higher rate of dislocation (11%) than previously reported. The size of the outer bearing was related to the risk of dislocation. There was a low rate of aseptic acetabular loosening. Longer follow-up of this MDM component and evaluation of other designs are warranted. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):66-72.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Prótese de Quadril , Desenho de Prótese , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/cirurgia , Reoperação , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Luxação do Quadril/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Falha de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 38-45, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192912

RESUMO

AIMS: Use of the direct anterior approach (DAA) for total hip arthroplasty (THA) has increased in recent years due to proposed benefits, including a lower risk of dislocation and improved early functional recovery. This study investigates the dislocation rate in a non-selective, consecutive cohort undergoing THA via the DAA without any exclusion or bias in patient selection based on habitus, deformity, age, sex, or fixation method. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients undergoing THA via the DAA between 2011 and 2017 at our institution. Primary outcome was dislocation at minimum two-year follow-up. Patients were stratified by demographic details and risk factors for dislocation, and an in-depth analysis of dislocations was performed. RESULTS: A total of 2,831 hips in 2,205 patients were included. Mean age was 64.9 years (24 to 96), mean BMI was 29.2 kg/m2 (15.1 to 53.8), and 1,595 patients (56.3%) were female. There were 11 dislocations within one year (0.38%) and 13 total dislocations at terminal follow-up (0.46%). Five dislocations required revision. The dislocation rate for surgeons who had completed their learning curve was 0.15% compared to 1.14% in those who had not. The cumulative periprosthetic infection and fracture rates were 0.53% and 0.67%, respectively. CONCLUSION: In a non-selective, consecutive cohort of patients undergoing THA via the DAA, the risk of dislocation is low, even among patients with risk factors for instability. Our data further suggest that the DAA can be safely used in all hip arthroplasty patients without an increased risk of wound complications, fracture, infection, or revision. The inclusion of seven surgeons increases the generalizability of these results. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):38-45.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Luxação do Quadril/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Competência Clínica , Feminino , Humanos , Curva de Aprendizado , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/epidemiologia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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