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1.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 319, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580920

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tramadol is increasingly used to treat acute postoperative pain among older adults following total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA/TKA). However, tramadol has a complex pharmacology and may be no safer than full opioid agonists. We compared the safety of tramadol, oxycodone, and hydrocodone among opioid-naïve older adults following elective THA/TKA. METHODS: This retrospective cohort included Medicare Fee-for-Service beneficiaries ≥ 65 years with elective THA/TKA between January 1, 2010 and September 30, 2015, 12 months of continuous Parts A and B enrollment, 6 months of continuous Part D enrollment, and no opioid use in the 6 months prior to THA/TKA. Participants initiated single-opioid therapy with tramadol, oxycodone, or hydrocodone within 7 days of discharge from THA/TKA hospitalization, regardless of concurrently administered nonopioid analgesics. Outcomes of interest included all-cause hospitalizations or emergency department visits (serious adverse events (SAEs)) and a composite of 10 surgical- and opioid-related SAEs within 90-days of THA/TKA. The intention-to-treat (ITT) and per-protocol (PP) hazard ratios (HRs) for tramadol versus other opioids were estimated using inverse-probability-of-treatment-weighted pooled logistic regression models. RESULTS: The study population included 2,697 tramadol, 11,407 oxycodone, and 14,665 hydrocodone initiators. Compared to oxycodone, tramadol increased the rate of all-cause SAEs in ITT analyses only (ITT HR 1.19, 95%CLs, 1.02, 1.41; PP HR 1.05, 95%CLs, 0.86, 1.29). Rates of composite SAEs were not significant across comparisons. Compared to hydrocodone, tramadol increased the rate of all-cause SAEs in the ITT and PP analyses (ITT HR 1.40, 95%CLs, 1.10, 1.76; PP HR 1.34, 95%CLs, 1.03, 1.75), but rates of composite SAEs were not significant across comparisons. CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative tramadol was associated with increased rates of all-cause SAEs, but not composite SAEs, compared to oxycodone and hydrocodone. Tramadol does not appear to have a superior safety profile and should not be preferentially prescribed to opioid-naïve older adults following THA/TKA.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Tramadol , Humanos , Idoso , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Tramadol/efeitos adversos , Oxicodona/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Hidrocodona , Estudos Retrospectivos , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Medicare
2.
Clin Orthop Surg ; 16(2): 242-250, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562632

RESUMO

Background: During total knee arthroplasty (TKA), patellar retention is performed when the cartilage is fairly well preserved and the thickness of the patella is relatively thin. However, clinical outcomes of the non-resurfaced patella in TKA according to the cartilage status are lacking in the literature. The purpose of this study was to compare patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) according to the grade and location of the patellar cartilage lesion in TKA patients. Methods: The outcomes of 165 osteoarthritis patients (186 knees) who underwent cemented mobile-bearing TKA without patellar resurfacing were assessed and classified according to the grade and location of the patellar cartilage lesion. PROMs using the Western Ontario and MacMaster Universities Osteoarthritis index, the Knee Society Score (Knee Society Function Score and Knee Society Knee Score), and the Hospital for Special Surgery score were evaluated preoperatively and at postoperative 2, 4, 6, and 8 years. The correlations between PROMs and the grade and location of the cartilage lesion were assessed. Additionally, radiologic outcomes including the patellar tilt angle and patellar height were assessed and their correlation with the grade of cartilage lesion was analyzed. Analysis of variance was used to determine statistical significance. Results: There was no significant difference between PROMs according to the grades and locations of cartilage lesions at any postoperative follow-up. Radiologic parameters also showed no significant differences according to the grades of patellar cartilage lesions. Conclusions: The grade and location of the patellar cartilage lesion had no influence on clinical outcomes in mobile-bearing TKA with patellar retention at short- and long-term follow-up.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Prótese do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Patela/diagnóstico por imagem , Patela/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Cartilagem/cirurgia , Período Pós-Operatório , Resultado do Tratamento , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia
3.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 248, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561717

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity represents an epidemic of rising numbers worldwide year after year. In the Orthopedic field, obesity is one of the major causes leading to osteoarthritis needing Total Joint Arthroplasty (TJA). Still, contextually, it represents one of the most significant risk factors for joint replacement complications and failures. So, bariatric Surgery (BS) is becoming a valuable option for weight control and mitigating obesity-related risk factors. This review of the literature and meta-analysis aims to evaluate periprosthetic joint infections (PJI) and surgical site infections (SSI) rates in patients who underwent TKA after BS compared to obese patients without BS. METHODS: Systematic review was performed according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines up to October 2023. We included longitudinal studies comparing obese patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty after bariatric surgery (study group) and obese patients who underwent TKA (control group). The surgical site infection and Periprosthetic joint infection rate were compared among groups using a meta-analytical approach. RESULTS: The online database and references investigation identified one hundred and twenty-five studies. PJI rate differed significantly among groups, (z = -21.8928, p < 0.0001), with a lower risk in the BS group (z = -10.3114, p < 0.0001), for SSI, instead, not statistically significance were recorded (z = -0.6784, p = 0.4975). CONCLUSIONS: The current Literature suggests that Bariatric Surgery can reduce infectious complications in TKA, leading to better outcomes and less related costs treating of knee osteoarthritis in obese patients.


Assuntos
Artrite Infecciosa , Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Cirurgia Bariátrica , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese , Humanos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Cirurgia Bariátrica/efeitos adversos , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/epidemiologia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/complicações , Artrite Infecciosa/etiologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/epidemiologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos
4.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 214, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early postoperative mobilization is essential for early functional recovery but can be inhibited by postoperative orthostatic intolerance (OI). Postoperative OI is common after major surgery, such as total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, limited data are available after less extensive surgery, such as unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). We, therefore, investigated the incidence of OI as well as cardiovascular and tissue oxygenation responses during early mobilization after UKA. METHODS: This prospective single-centre observational study included 32 patients undergoing primary UKA. Incidence of OI and cardiovascular and tissue oxygenation responses during mobilization were evaluated preoperatively, at 6 and 24 h after surgery. Perioperative fluid balance, bleeding, surgery duration, postoperative hemoglobin, pain during mobilization and opioid usage were recorded. RESULTS: During mobilization at 6 h after surgery, 4 (14%, 95%CI 4-33%) patients experienced OI; however, no patients terminated the mobilization procedure prematurely. Dizziness and feeling of heat were the most common symptoms. OI was associated with attenuated systolic and mean arterial blood pressure responses in the sitting position (all p < 0.05). At 24 h after surgery, 24 (75%) patients had already been discharged, including three of the four patients with early OI. Only five patients were available for measurements, two of whom experienced OI; one terminated the mobilization procedure due to intolerable symptoms. We observed no statistically significant differences in perioperative fluid balance, bleeding, surgery duration, postoperative hemoglobin, pain, or opioid usage between orthostatic intolerant and tolerant patients. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of orthostatic intolerance after fast-track unicompartmental knee arthroplasty is low (~ 15%) and is associated with decreased orthostatic pressure responses. Compared to the previously described orthostatic intolerance incidence of ~ 40% following total knee arthroplasty, early orthostatic intolerance is uncommon after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty, suggesting a procedure-specific component. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Prospectively registered at ClinicalTrials.gov; registration number: NCT04195360, registration date: 13.12.2019.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Intolerância Ortostática , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Intolerância Ortostática/epidemiologia , Intolerância Ortostática/etiologia , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Incidência , Analgésicos Opioides , Estudos Prospectivos , Hemodinâmica , Dor , Hemoglobinas , Osteoartrite do Joelho/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Surg Infect (Larchmt) ; 25(3): 240-246, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588520

RESUMO

Background: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is one of the most common inpatient and outpatient surgical procedures performed in the United States and is predicted to increase 401% by 2040. Surgical site infections (SSIs) at an incidence rate of approximately 2% are costly post-operative complications in TKA. Intra-operative surgical irrigants are used to decrease contaminating microbial bioburden within the surgical site to prevent SSI. The primary objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate the impact of a novel surgical irrigant called XPERIENCE® Advanced Surgical Irrigation (XP; Next Science, Jacksonville, FL) on SSI incidence in primary TKA performed at an ambulatory surgery center (ASC). Patients and Methods: Primary TKAs were performed at a free-standing ASC. The novel surgical irrigant was used intra-operatively to rinse away debris and micro-organisms from the surgical site. Retrospective data collation included SSI rates, complication rates, and re-admissions due to SSI within 90 days of index surgery. Results: Among the 524 primary TKA surgeries, one peri-prosthetic joint infection (PJI) was diagnosed within 90 days of index surgery and one superficial incisional SSI was diagnosed within 30 days of index surgery. The PJI was attributed to an exogenously acquired upper respiratory tract infection rather than due to the failure of intra-operative regimes. The 0.19% PJI incidence rate indicated significant efficacy of XP in decreasing PJI. An overall complication rate of 7.82% was noted with none of the complications associated with usage of the novel surgical irrigant. Conclusions: XPERIENCE is a promising intra-operative antimicrobial irrigant that can be easily incorporated into a broader infection prevention strategy.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios/efeitos adversos , Incidência , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/epidemiologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/prevenção & controle , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/etiologia , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos
6.
Acta Orthop ; 95: 166-173, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595072

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Revisions due to periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) are underestimated in national arthroplasty registries. Our primary objective was to assess the validity in the Danish Knee Arthroplasty Register (DKR) of revisions performed due to PJI against the Healthcare-Associated Infections Database (HAIBA). The secondary aim was to describe the cumulative incidences of revision due to PJI within 1 year of primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) according to the DKR, HAIBA, and DKR/HAIBA combined. METHODS: This longitudinal observational cohort study included 56,305 primary TKAs (2010-2018), reported in both the DKR and HAIBA. In the DKR, revision performed due to PJI was based on pre- and intraoperative assessment disclosed by the surgeon immediately after surgery. In HAIBA, PJI was identified from knee-related revision procedures coinciding with 2 biopsies with identical microbiological pathogens. We calculated the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of revision due to PJI in the DKR (vs. HAIBA, within 1 year of TKA) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Cumulative incidences were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: The DKR's sensitivity for PJI revision was 58% (CI 53-62) and varied by TKA year (41%-68%) and prosthetic type (31% for monoblock; 63% for modular). The specificity was 99.8% (CI 99.7-99.8), PPV 64% (CI 62-72), and NPV 99.6% (CI 99.6-99.7). 80% of PJI cases not captured by the DKR were caused by non-reporting rather than misclassification. 33% of PJI cases in the DKR or HAIBA were culture-negative. Considering potential misclassifications, the best-case sensitivity was 64%. The cumulative incidences of PJI were 0.8% in the DKR, 0.9% in HAIBA, and 1.1% when combining data. CONCLUSION: The sensitivity of revision due to PJI in the DKR was 58%. The cumulative incidence of PJI within 1 year after TKA was highest (1.1%) when combining the DKR and HAIBA, showing that incorporating microbiology data into arthroplasty registries can enhance PJI validity.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese , Humanos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Incidência , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/diagnóstico , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/epidemiologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/etiologia , Sistema de Registros , Dinamarca/epidemiologia , Reoperação/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Acta Orthop ; 95: 157-165, 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597226

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:  Different marker-selection methods are applied to represent implant and tibial segments in radiostereometric analysis (RSA) studies of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Either a consistent set of markers throughout subsequent RSA examinations ("consistent-marker method") is used or all available markers at each follow-up ("all-marker method"). The aim of this secondary analysis was to compare marker-selection methods on individual and group level TKA migration results. METHODS:  Data from a randomized RSA study with 72 patients was included. Tibial baseplate migration was evaluated at 3 months, 1, 2, and 5 years postoperatively with both marker-selection methods. Additionally, migration was calculated using 5 fictive points, either plotted based on the consistent set of markers or all available markers. RESULTS:  Migration could be calculated with both marker-selection methods for 248 examinations. The same prosthesis and bone markers (n = 136), different prosthesis markers (n = 71), different bone markers (n = 21), or different prosthesis and bone markers (n = 20) were used. The mean difference in maximum total point motion (MTPM) between all examinations was 0.02 mm, 95% confidence interval -0.26 to 0.31 mm. 5 implants were classified as continuously migrating with the consistent-marker method versus 6 implants (same 5 plus one additional implant) with the all-marker method. Using fictive points, fewer implants were classified as continuously migrating in both marker-selection methods. Differences between TKA groups in mean MTPM were comparable with both marker-selection methods, also when fictive points were used. CONCLUSION:  Estimated group differences in mean MTPM were similar between marker-selection methods, but individual migration results differed. The latter has implications when classifying implants for estimated risk of future loosening.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Prótese do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Seguimentos , Análise Radioestereométrica , Falha de Prótese , Desenho de Prótese , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia
8.
Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech ; 91(1): 52-56, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38447565

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the clinical results and safety of fungal periprosthetic joint Infections (fPJIs) using two-stage treatment protocol. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 8 patients with fPJIs (3 hips and 5 knees) using two-stage revision were reviewed retrospectively and followed up at least 2 years. The preoperative demographic data, two-stage treatment protocol, results of microbiology and histologic workup and postoperative follow-up results (reimplantation success rate and infection free time) were recorded. RESULTS: 7 patients got successful reimplantation, with a 75% reimplantation success rate. Two patients got knee arthrodesis eventually. All patients were infection free with a median follow-up of 4.0 ± 2.0 years (range, 2-7 years). Of them, Candida species were found in 7 patients, while non-Candida specimen was only isolated in 1 patient with Aspergillus. Only 2 patients had coexisting bacterial infection (Methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococci and Proteus mirabilis respectively). The average interval between the initial surgery and diagnosis of fPJIs was 21.50±34.79 months (range, 4-104 months). The mean time of spacer implantation was 7.75±2.77 months (range, 6-14 months). None serious complication or above knee amputation was found. DISCUSSION: fPJIs are very rare and considerable challenge after total hip or knee arthroplasty. The goal of therapy is to eradicate local infection and maintain function. Candida species were the most common pathogen. The duration between spacer placement and staged reimplantation was highly variable, and generally dependent upon the results of joint aspirates and infl ammatory markers. The current study shows that the two-stage treatment protocol is recommended for fungal periprosthetic hip and knee joint infections. CONCLUSIONS: The two-stage treatment protocol is recommended for fungal periprosthetic hip and knee joint infections. The safety and effi cacy of biantibiotical impregnated (antifungal + antibiotics) cement spacer is confi rmed. Further evidence-based work is needed to determine the optimal drug dose and reimplantation time. KEY WORDS: two-stage treatment protocol, fungal periprosthetic infections, hip spacer, knee spacer.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Articulação do Joelho , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Protocolos Clínicos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Amputação Cirúrgica
9.
Int J Clin Pract ; 2024: 3697846, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38450292

RESUMO

Background: Local infiltration analgesia (LIA) provides postoperative analgesia for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the analgesic effect of a cocktail of ropivacaine, morphine, and Diprospan for TKA. Methods: A total of 100 patients from September 2018 to February 2019 were randomized into 2 groups. Group A (control group, 50 patients) received LIA of ropivacaine alone (80 ml, 0.25% ropivacaine). Group B (LIA group, 50 patients) received an LIA cocktail of ropivacaine, morphine, and Diprospan (80 ml, 0.25% ropivacaine, 0.125 mg/ml morphine, and 62.5 µg/ml compound betamethasone). The primary outcomes were the levels of inflammatory markers C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), pain visual analog scale (VAS) scores, opioid consumption, range of motion (ROM), functional tests, and sleeping quality. The secondary outcomes were adverse events, satisfaction rates, HSS scores, and SF-12 scores. The longest follow-up was 2 years. Results: The two groups showed no differences in terms of characteristics (P > 0.05). Group B had lower resting VAS pain scores (1.54 ± 0.60, 95% CI = 1.37 to 1.70 vs. 2.00 ± 0.63, 95% CI = 2.05 to 2.34) and active VAS pain scores (2.64 ± 0.62, 95% CI = 2.46 to 2.81 vs. 3.16 ± 0.75, 95% CI = 2.95 to 3.36) within 48 h postoperatively than Group A (P < 0.001), while none of the pain differences exceeded the minimal clinically important difference (MCID). Group B had significantly lower CRP levels (59.49 ± 13.01, 95% CI = 55.88 to 63.09 vs. 65.95 ± 14.41, 95% CI = 61.95 to 69.94) and IL-6 levels (44.11 ± 13.67, 95% CI = 40.32 to 47.89 vs. 60.72 ± 15.49, 95% CI = 56.42 to 65.01), lower opioid consumption (7.60 ± 11.10, 95% CI = 4.52 to 10.67 vs. 13.80 ± 14.68, 95% CI = 9.73 to 17.86), better ROM (110.20 ± 10.46, 95% CI = 107.30 to 113.09 vs. 105.30 ± 10.02, 95% CI = 102.52 to 108.07), better sleep quality (3.40 ± 1.03, 95% CI = 3.11 to 3.68 vs. 4.20 ± 1.06, 95% CI = 3.90 to 4.49), and higher satisfaction rates than Group A within 48 h postoperatively (P < 0.05). Adverse events, HSS scores, and SF-12 scores were not significantly different within 2 years postoperatively. Conclusions: A cocktail of ropivacaine, morphine, and Diprospan prolongs the analgesic effect up to 48 h postoperatively. Although the small statistical benefit may not result in MCID, the LIA cocktail still reduces opioid consumption, results in better sleeping quality and faster rehabilitation, and does not increase adverse events. Therefore, cocktails of ropivacaine, morphine, and Diprospan have good application value for pain control in TKA. This trial is registered with ChiCTR1800018372.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Betametasona/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Ropivacaina/uso terapêutico , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Morfina/uso terapêutico , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Interleucina-6 , Estudos Prospectivos , Dor , Combinação de Medicamentos
10.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 5882, 2024 03 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467720

RESUMO

The presence of heterotopic ossification (HO) after primary total knee replacement (TKR) is rare and associated with limited mobility and stiffness of the knee. This study aimed to identify if the arthroscopic debridement after TKR could decrease HO and improve the function and range of motion. Thirty HO patients after TKR were retrospectively separated into 2 cohorts. 15 patients of group A accepted the arthroscopic debridement, while 15 patients of group B only had non-operative treatment, mainly including oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and rehabilitative treatment. Visual analog scale (VAS) scores, knee society knee scores (KSS), range of motion (knee flexion and knee extension) were obtained before treatment and at 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months after treatment. Radiography of after-treatment was also evaluated to assess the changes in HO. There were 3 males and 27 females with a mean age of 67.4 ± 0.8 years in group A and 68.2 ± 1.3 in group B. The onset time of HO was 3-6 months. The maximum size of the ossification was < 2 cm in 23 knees, 2 cm < heterotopic bone < 5 cm in 6 knees and > 5 cm in 1 knee. The size of HO decreased gradually in all knees by X-ray film at the last follow-up. There were no significant differences in VAS scores after replacement between two groups (p > 0.05). The average range of motion preoperatively in group A was - 15.2-90.6°, which postoperatively increased to - 4.2-110.0°. Meanwhile, the KSS scores and average range of motion of the group A were better than those of the group B at each follow-up time after treatment. Arthroscopic debridement can decrease HO seen from postoperative X-rays, improve the function and range of motion, as well as the pain remission between two groups are comparable. Consequently, arthroscopic resection of HO after TKR is recommended as soon as there is aggravating joint stiffness.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Ossificação Heterotópica , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Desbridamento , Resultado do Tratamento , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Ossificação Heterotópica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ossificação Heterotópica/etiologia , Ossificação Heterotópica/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular
11.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 205, 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38454388

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients who underwent knee joint arthroplasty were at risk of venous thromboembolic events (VTEs), however, less studies were conducted to demonstrate the epidemiology and risk factors of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) following unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). Objective of this study was to explore the incidence and prognostic factors of DVT after UKA. METHODS: Patients who underwent primary UKA from December 2018 to June 2022 were recruited in this study. Demographic characteristics, operation related variables and laboratory index were extracted and analyzed. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to detect the optimum cut-off value for variables of interest. Univariate and multivariate logistic analysis were performed to identify risk factors of DVT. RESULTS: 351 UKAs with a mean age of 65.4 ± 7.1 years were reviewed. After 12.9 ± 11.2 months follow-up, 35 DVTs were confirmed which indicating an incidence of 9.9%. The results showed that occupation (agricultural laborer) (P = 0.008), disease duration > 8.5 years (P = 0.035), operation time > 169 min (P = 0.003), intraoperative blood loss > 102 ml (P < 0.001), BMI > 26.8 kg/m 2 (P = 0.001), preoperative D-dimer > 0.29 mg/L (P = 0.001), prothrombin time < 10.7 s (P = 0.033) and INR < 0.98 (P = 0.032) between DVT and Non-DVT group were significantly different. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed intraoperative blood loss > 102 ml (OR, 3.707; P, 0.001), BMI > 26.8 kg/m 2 (OR, 4.664; P, 0.004) and D-dimer > 0.29 mg/L (OR, 2.882; P, 0.009) were independent risk factors of DVT after UKA. CONCLUSION: The incidence of DVT in the present study was 9.9%, extensive intraoperative blood loss, advanced BMI and high level of D-dimer would increase the risk of lower extremity thrombosis by 2-4 times.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Trombose Venosa , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Prognóstico , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
12.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 5955, 2024 03 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467650

RESUMO

Preventing avoidable venous-thrombo-embolism (VTE) is a priority to improve patient and service outcomes after total hip and total knee arthroplasty (THA, TKA), but compliance with relevant clinical guidelines varies. This study aims to determine the degree to which prophylaxis was compliant with Australian Orthopaedic Association (AOA) VTE prophylaxis guidelines and whether non-compliance is associated with increased risk of VTE. A prospective multi-centre cohort study of adults with osteoarthritis undergoing primary TKA/THA was completed at 19 high-volume public and private hospitals. Data were collected prior to surgery and for one-year post-surgery. Logistic regression was undertaken to explore associations between non-compliance with AOA VTE prophylaxis guidelines and symptomatic 90-day VTE outcomes. Data were analysed for 1838 participants from 19 sites. The rate of non-compliance with all clinical guideline recommendations was 20.1% (N = 369), with 14.1% (N = 259) non-compliance for risk-stratified prophylaxis, 35.8% (N = 658) for duration, and 67.8% (N = 1246) for other general recommendations. Symptomatic VTE was experienced up to 90-days post-surgery by 48 people (2.6%). Overall guideline non-compliance (AOR = 0.93, 95%CI = 0.4 to 1.3, p = 0.86) was not associated with a lower risk of symptomatic 90-day VTE. Results were consistent when people with high bleeding risk were excluded (AOR = 0.94, 95%CI = 0.44 to 2.34, p = 0.89). Non-compliance with the AOA VTE prophylaxis guidelines was not associated with risk of 90-day VTE after arthroplasty. This counterintuitive finding is concerning and necessitates a rigorous review of the AOA VTE prevention clinical guideline.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Ortopedia , Tromboembolia Venosa , Adulto , Humanos , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevenção & controle , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Prospectivos , Austrália , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/tratamento farmacológico
13.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 181, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38481321

RESUMO

PURPOSE: There is no consensus in the current literature on the analgesic role of duloxetine after total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Thus, we designed this meta-analysis to reveal the analgesic effectiveness and safety of duloxetine in TKA or THA. METHODS: As of October 2022, two authors (L.C. and W.Q.J.) independently searched five main databases (EMBASE, Web of Science, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar) to find relevant studies. Duloxetine vs. placebo in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for THA or TKA were included. We set perioperative total opioid consumption as the primary outcome. Secondary outcomes included resting or dynamic pain scores over time, gastrointestinal adverse events, neurological adverse events, and other adverse reactions. RESULTS: Eight RCTs with 695 patients were incorporated in our study. This meta-analysis showed high evidence that duloxetine was effective in reducing perioperative opioid consumption (Standard mean difference [SMD] = - 0.50, 95% confidence intervals [CI]: -0.70 to - 0.31, P < 0.00001) and low to moderate evidence that duloxetine could reduce pain within three weeks after surgery. Low to high evidence showed no differences between the two groups for most adverse events. Substantial evidence suggests that duloxetine can reduce nausea and vomiting after surgery (Risk ratio [RR] = 0.69, 95% CI: 0.50 to 0.95, P = 0.02, I2 = 4%). However, moderate evidence suggested that duloxetine might be associated with increased postoperative drowsiness (RR = 1.83, 95% CI: 1.08 to 3.09, P = 0.02, I2 = 0%). CONCLUSION: Duloxetine reduced overall opioid consumption in the perioperative period and relieved pain within three weeks after surgery without increasing the risk of adverse drug events. Duloxetine can be part of a multimodal management regimen in patients with THA and TKA.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides , Artroplastia do Joelho , Humanos , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Cloridrato de Duloxetina/efeitos adversos , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico
14.
Int Wound J ; 21(3): e14657, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38472128

RESUMO

To explore the effect of clinical nursing pathway on wound infection in patients undergoing knee or hip replacement surgery. Computerised searches of PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Embase, Wanfang, China Biomedical Literature Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases were conducted, from database inception to September 2023, on the randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of application of clinical nursing pathway to patients undergoing knee and hip arthroplasty. Literature was screened and evaluated by two researchers based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, and data were extracted from the final included literature. RevMan 5.4 software was employed for data analysis. Overall, 48 RCTs involving 4139 surgical patients were included, including 2072 and 2067 in the clinical nursing pathway and routine nursing groups, respectively. The results revealed, compared with routine nursing, the use of clinical nursing pathways was effective in reducing the rate of complications (OR = 0.17, 95%CI: 0.14-0.21, p < 0.001) and wound infections (OR = 0.29, 95%CI: 0.16-0.51, p < 0.001), shortens the hospital length of stay (MD = -4.11, 95%CI: -5.40 to -2.83, p < 0.001) and improves wound pain (MD = -1.34, 95%CI: -1.98 to -0.70, p < 0.001); it also improve patient satisfaction (OR = 7.13, 95%CI: 4.69-10.85, p < 0.001). The implementation of clinical nursing pathways in clinical care after knee or hip arthroplasty can effectively reduce the incidence of complications and wound infections, and also improve the wound pain, while also improving treatment satisfaction so that patients can be discharged from the hospital as soon as possible.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica , Humanos , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/enfermagem , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/enfermagem , Dor/complicações , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/enfermagem , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
15.
Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc ; 58(1): 68-72, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38525513

RESUMO

Oxidized zirconium (OxiniumTM) prostheses, made up of a metallic alloy of zirconium with a ceramic surface formed by oxidizing the outer layer, were developed as an alternative bearing surface to reduce polyethylene wear and decrease failure of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We report a unique catastrophic failure of an Oxinium TKA with consequent accelerated wear and severe metallosis. Intraoperatively, we observed extensive wear grooving of the femoral component with exposure of the underlying silver layers and the complete wear of polyethylene on the medial side. Metallic debris had a peculiar arthrogram appearance, noted within the cut surface of the femur and tibia, indicative of the osteolysis that occurred, leading up to the failure of the implants. The histopathologic examination revealed a collection of macrophages with foreign-body reactions and black-pigmented metal-induced wear particles. Oxinium has clear benefits regarding superior wear properties; however, surgeons need to be aware that there is a risk of exposure to the underlying layers that may precede accelerated wear, deformation, and metallosis. Uncovering the deeper layers could result in the appearance of an arthrogram on plain radiographs. Early identification of polyethylene wear and prompt revision is crucial to avoid the rapid progression of subsequent metallosis and catastrophic implant failure, specifically when using oxidized zirconium components for TKA. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report presenting a detailed histologic analysis to provide insight into the mechanisms of the failed Oxinium components.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Prótese do Joelho , Humanos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Zircônio/efeitos adversos , Desenho de Prótese , Prótese do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Polietileno/efeitos adversos , Falha de Prótese
16.
J Long Term Eff Med Implants ; 34(3): 37-41, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38505892

RESUMO

Persistent pain is one of the most frequent complications following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and can be devastating for the patient's quality of life. The use of genicular nerve radiofrequency ablation (GNRFA) is prevalent regarding non-surgical treatment of knee osteoarthritis. However, it is controversial when employed for the management of residual pain after TKA. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of GNRFA for the treatment of post-TKA chronic pain and to assess the potential benefits of its use. Twelve patients sustaining chronic pain after TKA underwent GNRFA treatment. The intervention included the superior medial genicular nerve, the superior lateral genicular nerve and the inferior medial genicular nerve. Visual analog scale (VAS) system was utilized for pain assessment at 1-week, 6-month, and 1-year follow-ups. Patients experiencing chronic knee pain derived from other or unspecified causes were excluded. Mean VAS score before the treatment was 8.3, while it ended up 2.3, 5.7, and 7.9 at the 1-week, 6-month, and 1-year follow-up, respectively. Some patients reported residual pain that they regarded more bearable than before the procedure at the 1-week evaluation, with no significant alterations in the 6-month reassessment. In 2 cases results at the 1-week follow-up were dissatisfying, however, this aided us in distinguishing the cause of the persistent pain. We were not able to conclude that GNRFA used for the treatment of chronic pain after TKA is as efficacious as in knee osteoarthritis pain. However, in some cases, it proved to be beneficial regarding discerning the etiology of the pain.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Dor Crônica , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Ablação por Radiofrequência , Humanos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Dor Crônica/etiologia , Dor Crônica/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Ablação por Radiofrequência/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Orthop Traumatol ; 25(1): 15, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38528169

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We investigated the time to reimplantation (TTR) during two-stage revision using static spacers with regard to treatment success and function in patients with chronic periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) of the knee. METHODS: 163 patients (median age 72 years, 72 women) who underwent two-stage exchange for chronic knee PJI between 2012 and 2020 were retrospectively analyzed (based on the 2011 Musculoskeletal Infection Society criteria). A cutoff TTR for increased risk of reinfection was identified using the maximally selected log-rank statistic. Infection control, aseptic revisions and overall survival were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier survival estimates. Adjustment for confounding factors-the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) and C-reactive protein (CRP)-was done with a Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: When TTR exceeded 94 days, the adjusted hazard of reinfection was increased 2.8-fold (95% CI 1.4-5.7; p = 0.0036). The reinfection-free rate was 67% (95% CI 52-79%) after 2 years and 33% (95% CI 11-57%) after 5 years for a longer TTR compared to 89% (95% CI 81-94%) and 80% (95% CI 69-87%) at 2 and 5 years, respectively, for a shorter TTR. Adjusted overall survival and number of aseptic revisions did not differ between the longer TTR and shorter TTR groups. Maximum knee flexion was 90° (IQR 84-100) for a longer TTR and 95° (IQR 90-100) for a shorter TTR (p = 0.0431), with no difference between the groups in Oxford Knee Score. Baseline characteristics were similar (body mass index, age, previous surgeries, microorganisms) for the two groups, except that there was a higher CCI (median 4 vs. 3) and higher CRP (median 3.7 vs 2.6 mg/dl) in the longer TTR group. CONCLUSION: A long TTR is sometimes unavoidable in clinical practice, but surgeons should be aware of a potentially higher risk of reinfection. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III, retrospective comparative study.


Assuntos
Artrite Infecciosa , Artroplastia do Joelho , Prótese do Joelho , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Reinfecção/complicações , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Proteína C-Reativa , Reoperação , Reimplante/efeitos adversos , Artrite Infecciosa/complicações , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/etiologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/cirurgia , Prótese do Joelho/efeitos adversos
18.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 239, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38539152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are many consequences of lower limb amputation, including altered biomechanics of gait. It has previously been shown that these can lead to increased rates of osteoarthritis (OA). A common and successful treatment for severe OA is joint replacement. However, it is unclear whether amputees undergoing this surgery can expect the same outcomes or complication profile compared with non-amputees. Furthermore, there are key technical challenges associated with hip or knee replacement in lower limb amputees. This scoping review aimed to identify and summarise the existing evidence base. METHODS: This was a systematic scoping review performed according to PRISMA guidelines. An electronic database search of MEDLINE (PubMed), Cochrane Library, EMBASE and CINAHL was completed from the date of inception to 1st April 2023. All peer reviewed literature related to hip or knee replacement among lower limb amputees was included. RESULTS: Of the 931 records identified, 40 studies were included in this study. The available literature consisted primarily of case reports and case series, with generally low level of evidence. In total, there were 265 patients of which 195 received total hip replacement (THR), 51 received total knee replacement (TKR) and 21 received hip hemiarthroplasty. The most common reason for amputation was trauma (34.2%), and the main indication for joint replacement was OA (77.1%), occurring more frequently in the contralateral limb (66.7%). The outcomes reported varied widely between studies, with most suggesting good functional status post-operatively. A variety of technical tips were reported, primarily concerned with intra-operative control of the residual limb. CONCLUSION: There is a need for more observational studies to clearly define the association between amputation and subsequent need for joint replacement. Furthermore, comparative studies are needed to identify whether amputees can be expected to achieve similar functional outcomes after surgery, and if they are at higher risk of certain complications.


Assuntos
Amputados , Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Osteoartrite , Humanos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos
19.
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg ; 144(4): 1703-1712, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38488903

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There are two variants regarding the low location of the patella in relation to the tibio-femoral joint line: patella baja (PB) and pseudo-patella baja (PPB). The purpose of this study is to investigate the incidence of PB and PPB in a cohort of patients that underwent revision total knee arthroplasty (rTKA) for aseptic reasons and describe any differences in each group's ROM. METHODS: This retrospective study included 114 patients that underwent aseptic revision TKA surgery between 2017 and 2022. Patients were revised either for stiffness (Group 1) or aseptic loosening/instability (Group 2). The Insall-Salvati ratio (ISR) and Blackburne-Peel ratio (BPR) were used to evaluate the patellar position. ISR < 0.8 defined PB, while cases with ISR ≥ 0.8 and BPI < 0.54 were defined as PPB. ROM was measured and a subanalysis was conducted to investigate the progression of the values of ISR and BPR. RESULTS: 55 patients comprised Group 1, and 59 patients comprised Group 2. Overall, 13 cases (11.4%) had PB before rTKA and 24 (21%) had PB after rTKA. Cases with PPB were 13 (11.4%) before and 34 (29.9%) after rTKA. Group 1 patients presented with more PB before and after rTKA (12.8% vs 10.2% and 27.3% vs 15.2% respectively). However, after rTKA Group 1 patients presented with less PPB (20%) compared to Group 2 (39%) (p = 0.02). In Group 1, patients with PPB after rTKA had less ROM compared to those without PPB [83.2 (± 21.9) vs 102.1 (± 19.9) (p = 0.025)]. The subanalysis (69 patients) showed a statistically significant decrease in ISR before and after rTKA (p = 0.041), and from the native knee to post-rTKA (p = 0.001). There was a statistically significant decrease in BPR before and after rTKA (p = 0.001) and from the native knee to both pre- and post-rTKA (p < 001). CONCLUSION: After undergoing rTKA, the incidences of both patella baja (PB) and pseudo-patella baja (PPB) increased. Stiffness in the knee was associated with a higher incidence of PB, while non-stiffness cases showed a significantly higher incidence of PPB. Patients with stiff knees and PPB after rTKA experienced a significant reduction in range of motion (ROM). Additionally, the study revealed a noteworthy decrease in ISR and BPR with each subsequent surgery. This information is crucial for healthcare providers, as it sheds light on potential risks and outcomes of rTKA, allowing for improved patient management and surgical decision-making. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Artropatias , Prótese do Joelho , Humanos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Patela/cirurgia , Incidência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Artropatias/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Prótese do Joelho/efeitos adversos
20.
Orthopadie (Heidelb) ; 53(4): 284-290, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38451275

RESUMO

The combination of a reduction in surgical trauma in unicondylar knee arthroplasty compared to total knee arthroplasty and the introduction of a standardised enhanced recovery concept leads to a pre-, peri- and postoperative improvement in the patient's condition, which results in a reduction of the length of stay in hospital. In healthy, motivated patients, day-case or outpatient surgical treatment is possible under these circumstances.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Humanos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Período Pós-Operatório , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios
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