Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.977
Filtrar
1.
J. optom. (Internet) ; 16(1)January - March 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-CR-671

RESUMO

Background: To evaluate the 12-month refractive and visual outcomes of Small Incision Guided Human-cornea Treatment (SmartSight®, SCHWIND eye-tech-solutions, Kleinostheim, Germany) in the treatment of myopia corrections with low to moderate astigmatism with the use of a new femtosecond laser system.Methods221 eyes of 114 patients consecutively treated with SmartSight lenticule extraction were assessed. The mean age of the patients was 28±6 years at the time of treatment with a mean spherical equivalent refraction of -6.26±2.17D and mean astigmatism of 0.92±0.68D. Monocular corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) were assessed pre- and post-operatively. Refractive changes have been determined in terms of changes in refraction, as well as changes in keratometric readings. The changes in central epithelial thickness have been determined.ResultsAt twelve months post-operatively, mean UDVA was 20/21±2. Spherical equivalent showed a residual refraction of +0.48±0.31D with refractive astigmatism of 0.13±0.18D postoperatively. There was a slight decrease of -0.1 Snellen lines at 12-months follow-up. The same correction was determined using changes in refraction, as well as changes in keratometric readings. The central epithelial thickness increased by +3±2µm. Spherical equivalent correction within ±0.50D was achieved in 199 eyes (90%), and cylindrical correction in 221 (100%). Preoperative corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) was 20/20 or better in 213 eyes (96%), and postoperative uncorrected (UDVA) was 20/20 or better in 205 eyes (93%). No eye had lost two or more Snellen lines of CDVA.ConclusionsMyopic astigmatism correction with SmartSight provided good results for efficacy, safety, predictability, and visual outcomes at the twelve months of follow up. The central epithelial thickness barely increased by 3±2µm. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Astigmatismo/cirurgia , Substância Própria/cirurgia , Terapia a Laser , Lasers de Excimer , Miopia/cirurgia , Acuidade Visual
2.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 23(1): 12, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36624403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the effects of rigid gas permeable contact lens (RGP-CL) wear on contrast visual acuity in patients after penetrating keratoplasty. METHODS: Nineteen patients (19 eyes), aged 30.45 ± 5.83 years, who had received penetrating keratoplasty and were successfully fitted with RGP-CLs at our hospital from July 2017 to June 2018 were included. Contrast visual acuities at 100%, 25%, and 10% with spectacles and RGP-CLs were analyzed using the Chi-square test. The wavefront aberrations at the anterior surface of the cornea before and 1 month after RGP-CL wear were compared using the matched sample t-test. RESULTS: The mean best spectacle-corrected visual acuities were 0.390 ± 0.135 logMAR, 0.706 ± 0.182 logMAR, and 0.952 ± 0.223 logMAR at the 100%, 25%, and 10% contrast levels, respectively, which were significantly lower than the RGP-CL-corrected visions at the three levels (0.255 ± 0.133 logMAR, 0.488 ± 0.168 logMAR, and 0.737 ± 0.159 logMAR; all P < 0.001). The vision losses with RGP-CLs were 0.231 ± 0.099 logMAR and 0.466 ± 0.094 logMAR at the 25% and 10% contrast levels, respectively. The Zernike spherical aberration Z04 was reduced from 3.734 ± 1.061 µm to 2.622 ± 0.725 µm after wearing the RGP-CLs (P ≤ 0.001). The astigmatism parameters of Z- 22 and Z22 were also reduced from 3.761 ± 2.309 µm and 3.316 ± 2.147 µm to 2.637 ± 1.722 µm and 2.016 ± 1.184 µm, respectively (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: For post-keratoplasty patients, RGP-CLs can help to improve visual performance, especially low contrast visual acuity. The improvement may be related to the reduction of corneal aberrations, mainly the spherical and astigmatism aberrations.


Assuntos
Astigmatismo , Lentes de Contato , Humanos , Ceratoplastia Penetrante , Astigmatismo/cirurgia , Acuidade Visual , Córnea , Transtornos da Visão
3.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0280274, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36634079

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term refractive changes after horizontal muscle surgery in patients with intermittent exotropia and investigate the correlation between changes in the postoperative refractive error and clinical factors. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of patients aged < 15 years who underwent unilateral strabismus surgery (lateral rectus recession and medial rectus resection [RR, n = 47], lateral rectus recession and medial rectus plication [RP, n = 81], or lateral rectus recession [LRc, n = 68]). Preoperative and postoperative refractive errors up to four years after surgery were recorded. A mixed model was applied to compare the refractive error between the operated and fellow eyes and identify the factors associated with postoperative refractive changes. RESULTS: The mean age at surgery was 7.5±2.4years, and girls accounted for 56.1% of the study population. There was no significant difference in the change in the spherical equivalent of refractive error between both eyes throughout the postoperative period. In contrast, the operated eyes consistently and significantly showed higher cylindrical power in with-the-rule astigmatism by 0.25D than in fellow eyes. Age, sex, and preoperative refractive error were not correlated with changes in postoperative astigmatism. Meanwhile, the type of surgery showed a significant interaction with the astigmatism changes. RP had less effect on the changes in astigmatism than RR and LRc (p = 0.001 and p = 0.022, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Horizontal muscle surgery has no long-term effect on the change in the spherical equivalent. However, mild with-the-rule astigmatism is induced and sustained after surgery, and the type of surgery affects the postoperative change of astigmatism.


Assuntos
Astigmatismo , Exotropia , Erros de Refração , Estrabismo , Feminino , Humanos , Astigmatismo/cirurgia , Exotropia/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Músculos Oculomotores/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Oftalmológicos/efeitos adversos , Estrabismo/cirurgia , Doença Crônica , Resultado do Tratamento , Seguimentos
4.
J Refract Surg ; 39(1): 33-39, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36630438

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the astigmatism tolerance and the visual outcomes after implantation of a premium intraocular lens (IOL) with a continuous transitional focus (Precizon Presbyopic; Ophtec BV) in pseudophakic presbyopia correction. METHODS: This prospective study enrolled 20 patients (40 eyes) after bilateral phacoemulsification and IOL implantation. Corrected and uncorrected visual acuities at 4 m and 80, 67, and 40 cm (CDVA, UDVA, DCI80VA, UI80VA, DCI67VA, UI67VA, DCNVA, and UNVA), astigmatic and spheric defocus curve, mean reading speed (MRS), critical print size (CPS), contrast sensitivity, optical aberrations (modulation transfer function [MTF] cut-off, Strehl ratio, and higher order aberration root mean square [HOA RMS]), objective halometry, and National Eye Institute Refractive Error Quality of Life Instrument 42 [NEI RQL-42] questionnaire were evaluated 3 months after surgery. RESULTS: Astigmatic defocus curves revealed a tolerance up to -1.00 and +0.75 diopters (D) for with-the-rule astigmatism, and up to -1.00 and +1.00 D for against-the-rule astigmatism. Binocular spheric defocus curve showed that the mean visual acuity was greater than 0.15 logMAR from 1.00 to -1.00 D. MRS, CPS, MTF cut-off, Strehl ratio, and HOA RMS were 116.97 ± 21.94 words/min, 0.45 ± 0.06 logRDA, 20.03 ± 4.86 cycles/degree, 0.11 ± 0.07, and 0.28 ± 0.09, respectively. Contrast sensitivity was within the normal range for all tested light conditions. The NEI RQL-42 evidenced high subjective satisfaction for all subscales, especially for far vision, activity limitations, dependence on correction, suboptimal correction, appearance, and satisfaction with correction. CONCLUSIONS: The Precizon Presbyopic IOL allows good astigmatism tolerance and both objective and subjective high quality of vision. [J Refract Surg. 2023;39(1):33-39.].


Assuntos
Astigmatismo , Lentes Intraoculares , Facoemulsificação , Humanos , Implante de Lente Intraocular , Astigmatismo/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Prospectivos , Refração Ocular , Desenho de Prótese , Visão Binocular
5.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 22(1): 487, 2022 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36517758

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess the efficacy of toric intraocular lenses (IOLs) in combined cataract and minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS), visual and refractive outcomes were compared between eyes implanted with non-toric and toric IOLs during iStent triple procedures. METHODS: In this retrospective study, open angle glaucoma eyes with preexisting corneal astigmatism of -1.5 diopter (D) or more and implanted with non-toric (n = 9) or toric (n = 9) IOLs were included. The main outcome measures were the intergroup difference in the uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) and refractive astigmatism at 3 months postoperatively. RESULTS: Preoperatively, the logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) UCVAs and refractive astigmatism were equivalent between the groups. Postoperatively, the logMAR UCVA (non-toric, 0.45 ± 0.31; toric, 0.14 ± 0.15; P = 0.021) was significantly better and the refractive astigmatism (non-toric, -2.03 ± 0.63 D; toric, -0.67 ± 0.53 D; P = 0.0014) significantly less in the toric group. The toric group had postoperative improvements in the logMAR UCVA (-0.21, P = 0.020) and refractive astigmatism (+ 1.72 D, P = 0.0039). Vector analyses showed the postoperative centroid magnitude and confidence eclipses of refractive astigmatism was less in the toric group (0.47 D at 173°±0.73D) than the non-toric group (1.10 D at 2°±1.91D). Postoperatively, 78% of eyes in the toric group had 1.0 D or less refractive astigmatism compared with 11% in the non-toric group. Surgically induced astigmatism (non-toric, 0.18 D at 65°; toric, 0.29 D at 137°) did not differ between groups. CONCLUSION: Use of toric IOLs is a reasonable option for better visual outcomes when the combined cataract and iStent surgery is performed in glaucomatous eyes with corneal astigmatism.


Assuntos
Astigmatismo , Catarata , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Glaucoma , Lentes Intraoculares , Facoemulsificação , Humanos , Astigmatismo/cirurgia , Implante de Lente Intraocular/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/cirurgia , Acuidade Visual , Refração Ocular , Catarata/complicações , Glaucoma/complicações , Glaucoma/cirurgia
6.
Clin Invest Med ; 45(4): E16-24, 2022 12 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36586103

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate vector and refractive astigmatism changes after superotemporal versus temporal clear corneal incision cataract surgery. METHODS: Patients were diagnosed with age-related cataract with corneal astigmatism < 1.5 diopters (D) and were divided into two groups: superotemporal incision (R group) and temporal incision (L group). Uncorrected visual acuity, manifest refraction, corneal topography, anterior segment optical coherence tomography was performed pre- and six months postoperatively. Total ocular astigmatism, corneal astigmatism, vector of surgically induced corneal astigmatism (SICA), non-corneal ocular residual astigmatism (N-CORA), postoperative intraocular lens decentration and tilt were analyzed.  Results: Thirty-eight subjects were included: 21, R group; 17, L group. After surgery, the N-CORA decreased significantly from 1.17±0.72 D to 0.73±0.47 D in all patients (P=0.001), 1.03±0.52 D to 0.70±0.40 D in the R group (P=0.005) and 1.35±0.90 D to 0.78±0.55 D in the L group (P=0.033). Significant differences between t:he R and L groups were found in the postoperative meridian of anterior corneal astigmatism (75.95±52.50 vs 116.79±47.29; P=0.017), total corneal astigmatism (51.65±42.75 vs 95.20±57.32; P=0.011), J45 change vector of SICA in the anterior cornea (-0.10±0.18 vs 0.00±0.11; P=0.048) and total cornea surface (-0.14±0.17 vs 0.03±0.12; P=0.001).  Conclusion: The N-CORA decreased significantly after cataract surgery. Superotemporal and temporal incisions caused differences in the meridian components of oblique astigmatism in some patients but did not have a significant effect on the magnitude of corneal astigmatism.


Assuntos
Astigmatismo , Catarata , Facoemulsificação , Masculino , Humanos , Astigmatismo/etiologia , Astigmatismo/cirurgia , Facoemulsificação/efeitos adversos , Implante de Lente Intraocular/efeitos adversos , Refração Ocular , Catarata/complicações
7.
PLoS One ; 17(12): e0279357, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36534673

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare visual acuity and refractive results between topography-guided laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) planned with the Phorcides Analytic Engine (PAE) to results after wavefront-optimized (WFO) LASIK in subjects with preoperative oblique astigmatism in their manifest refraction. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of clinical results from eyes treated with topography-guided LASIK planned with PAE compared to eyes treated with WFO LASIK using the same Wavelight® excimer laser system. All included subjects had preoperative oblique astigmatism. Residual refractive error and visual acuity (uncorrected and corrected) were the measures of interest, at the visit closest to 90 days postoperative. RESULTS: A matched data set from 100 WFO and 97 PAE eyes was extracted from clinical records. At the postoperative visit the PAE group showed lower residual refractive cylinder (p = 0.04), uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) (-0.06 PAE vs. -0.02 WFO, p < 0.01) and distance corrected visual acuity (CDVA) (p < 0.01). The percentage of eyes with a mean refraction spherical equivalent (MRSE) magnitude within 0.25 D and 0.50 D of plano was statistically significantly higher in the PAE group (p = 0.04 and 0.01, respectively). A statistically significantly higher percentage of eyes in the PAE group had UDVA better than or equal to -0.10 logMAR (20/16 Snellen, 36% vs 22%, p = 0.04). More eyes gained CDVA after surgery in the PAE group (53% vs 32%, p < 0.01). There were five enhancements in the WFO group versus none in the PAE group, a statistically significant difference (p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Visual acuity and refractive outcomes after LASIK using PAE in eyes with oblique astigmatism in their preoperative refraction were statistically significantly better than those obtained when WFO treatment was used. The number of refractive outliers and the number of retreatments were also significantly lower with PAE treatment.


Assuntos
Astigmatismo , Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ , Miopia , Humanos , Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ/métodos , Astigmatismo/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Miopia/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Acuidade Visual , Refração Ocular , Córnea/cirurgia , Lasers de Excimer/uso terapêutico
8.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 22(1): 495, 2022 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36527005

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To report a case of a corneal endothelial ring after toric implantable collamer lens (TICL, V4C) implantation in the right eye of a patient. CASE PRESENTATION: A 36-year-old woman with refractive errors of -8.00 DS/-2.00 DC * 8° in the right eye and - 6.50 DS/-1.75 DC * 177° in the left eye developed a corneal endothelial ring in the right eye on the first day after receiving TICLs implantation for treatment of high myopic astigmatism, which has not been previously reported as a complication of ICLs implantation. At 1 day postoperatively, the uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) was 20/16, the intraocular pressure as measured by non-contact tonometry was 16.9 mmHg, and the vault as measured by anterior segment optical coherence tomography was 1238 µm. The eye was quiet and there was no unusual anterior chamber reaction. However, slit-lamp examination revealed an endothelial annular lesion of approximately 0.4 mm in diameter in the central part of the cornea, which was gray-white in color. The shape of the ring was the same as that of the central hole of the TICL. Specular microscopy showed that the mean endothelial cell density (ECD) of the ring significantly decreased to 1442 ± 263 cells/mm2, while the other part was still normal (2852 ± 103 cells/mm2). After 9 days of corticosteroid treatment and intense lubrication, the patient had a clear cornea, increased ECD (1532 ± 653 cells/mm2), and a good UDVA (20/16). CONCLUSION: This case suggests that a few hours after ICL V4C implantation, with a large vault, corneal displacement caused by an air puff would make the endothelium close to or even contact the ICL, producing a corneal endothelial ring. After ruling out various possible factors, we speculated that the endothelial ring was developed due to the non-contact tonometer air puff before slit-lamp evaluation, and this phenomenon was recorded by Corvis, which confirmed that the cornea could come in contact with the ICL due to gas shock. This "contact" may cause transient corneal endothelial damage.


Assuntos
Astigmatismo , Miopia , Lentes Intraoculares Fácicas , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Lentes Intraoculares Fácicas/efeitos adversos , Implante de Lente Intraocular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Lente Intraocular/métodos , Miopia/cirurgia , Acuidade Visual , Astigmatismo/etiologia , Astigmatismo/cirurgia , Endotélio
9.
J Refract Surg ; 38(12): 780-790, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36476302

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate whether the magnitude of posterior corneal astigmatism (PCA) impacts refractive and visual outcomes of primary topography-guided laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and to provide guidance on treating eyes with high PCA. METHODS: Comparative retrospective analysis of 4,541 consecutive eyes treated with Contoura (Alcon Laboratories, Inc) on the manifest refractive astigmatism. Standard outcomes of the 1,514 eyes with the lowest PCA (first tercile; low PCA group) were compared to the 1,514 eyes with the highest PCA (last tercile; high PCA group). Pearson correlation coefficient was used to assess relationships between variables. RESULTS: Preoperatively, 20.9% of eyes presented with PCA of 0.50 diopters (D) or greater. The mean PCA was 0.18 ± 0.07 D in eyes with low PCA, and 0.50 ± 0.11 D in eyes with high PCA. An equivalent number of eyes achieved a cumulative postoperative unilateral uncorrected distance visual acuity of 20/20 in both the low PCA and high PCA groups (95.3% vs 94.7%; P = .4489). The efficacy index of both low and high PCA eyes was identical (0.99 ± 0.06 vs 0.99 ± 0.08; P = .3192), as was the safety index (1.00 ± 0.02 vs 1.00 ± 0.03; P = .0110). The magnitude of preoperative PCA was weakly correlated with postoperative refractive astigmatism (R = 0.1323), but not with postoperative defocus equivalent (R = -0.0414) or spherical equivalent (R = -0.0128). CONCLUSIONS: PCA does not negatively impact the outcomes of topography-guided LASIK targeting the manifest refraction, having identical accuracy, efficacy, and safety in eyes with both low and high PCA. There is no scientific basis to measure and consider PCA in topography-guided LASIK planning software or nomograms if the excimer laser treatment input targets the manifest refraction. [J Refract Surg. 2022;38(12):780-790.].


Assuntos
Astigmatismo , Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ , Humanos , Astigmatismo/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 19394, 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36371596

RESUMO

We compared the visual performance of a diffractive bifocal intraocular lens (IOL) with + 4.0 D near addition (ZMB00 [Johnson & Johnson Surgical Vision]) and a rotationally asymmetric refractive IOL with + 1.5 D near addition (LS-313 MF15 [Teleon Surgical BV]) 10 weeks after cataract patients' last surgery for bilateral ZMB00 or LS-313 MF15 implantation between 2011 and 2020, with the lenses of each eye implanted within 3 months of each other. The ZMB00 and LS-313 MF15 groups comprised 1326 eyes of 663 patients (age: 67.0 ± 7.8 years; females/males, 518/145) and 448 eyes of 224 patients (73.6 ± 7.0 years; females/males, 125/99), respectively. A linear mixed-effects model using data for both eyes, with strict adjustments for sex, age, subjective refraction spherical equivalent, subjective refraction cylinder, corneal astigmatism, axial length, corneal higher-order aberrations, and pupil diameter, ensured statistical validity. Compared to LS-313 MF15, ZMB00 achieved significantly superior uncorrected near visual acuity, reduced higher-order aberrations (ocular/internal, scaled to a 4-mm pupil; Wavefront_4_post_Ocular_Total Higher-Order Aberration/Third/Fourth/Trefoil/Coma/Tetrafoil/Spherical, Wavefront_4_post_Internal_Astigmatism/Total Higher-Order Aberration/Third/Trefoil/Coma/Tetrafoil/Spherical), and superior distance and near spectacle independence (p < 0.00068, Wald test). Contrast sensitivity, measured without (visual angle of the test target: 6.3°/4.0°/2.5°/1.6°/1.0°/0.7°) or with glare (4.0°/2.5°/1.6°/1.0°/0.7°), was significantly better in the LS-313 MF15 than the ZMB00 group (p < 0.00068, Wald test).


Assuntos
Astigmatismo , Lentes Intraoculares , Facoemulsificação , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Astigmatismo/cirurgia , Implante de Lente Intraocular , Óculos , Coma , Refração Ocular , Transtornos da Visão/cirurgia , Desenho de Prótese
11.
Transl Vis Sci Technol ; 11(11): 18, 2022 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36413356

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of intra-operative live refraction stability as a surrogate marker of ocular surface hydration on intra-operative aberrometry (IA) results and to quantify the minimum duration of stable refraction needed to achieve accurate intraocular lens (IOL) selection. Methods: In this nonrandomized consecutive retrospective chart review, 18,000 data points from 45 live refraction runs of 15 patients were digitized and analyzed. An objective automated moving average method of frames lengths of 88 ms, 110 ms, and 132 ms with less than 0.5 diopters (D) of fluctuation was compared to raw IA capture data. The difference-vector (DV) of the predicted toric powers was compared among these groups. Subjectively, traces were classified as stable or unstable if the live refraction fluctuated less than 0.5 D for 5 seconds. The DV based on the stable period was compared with the IA capture data. Results: The DVs for all frame intervals showed no significant difference when compared with IA readings. In 15 of 45 (33.3%) cases, IA active refraction traces were stable and the DV (0.27 D ± 0.15 D) was significantly less than unstable traces (0.49 D ± 0.28 D). IOL recommendations from 14 (93.3%) of stable runs led to a <0.5 D of postoperative cylinder compared to 14 (47.7%) in unstable runs. Conclusions: Intra-operative live refraction stability is affected by ocular hydration. Surgeons should look for periods of refractive stability for at least 5 seconds to better assess measurement quality. This can be facilitated by capturing and including the active refraction trace, which is currently unavailable for review. Translational Relevance: Graphing live refractive IA readings and determining refractive stability translates to more accurate IOL selection.


Assuntos
Astigmatismo , Lentes Intraoculares , Facoemulsificação , Humanos , Aberrometria , Implante de Lente Intraocular/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Astigmatismo/cirurgia , Acuidade Visual
12.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 58(11): 984-988, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36348546

RESUMO

After cataract extraction, surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) may occur due to the surgical incisions, especially when using clear corneal incisions, which may lead to different degrees of corneal astigmatism and affect postoperative visual quality. How to control SIA and improve the accuracy of SIA calculation is of great value to guide preoperative planning. In this article, the etiology and calculation methodologies of SIA in cataract surgery were reviewed, aiming to provide a reference for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of cataract refractive surgery.


Assuntos
Astigmatismo , Extração de Catarata , Catarata , Facoemulsificação , Humanos , Astigmatismo/cirurgia , Córnea/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Extração de Catarata/efeitos adversos , Extração de Catarata/métodos , Catarata/complicações , Facoemulsificação/métodos , Topografia da Córnea
13.
J Refract Surg ; 38(11): 725-732, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36367263

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To study the objective change in light disturbance around a glare source using the Light Disturbance Analyzer (LDA) (Binarytarget Lda) and correlate this with the validated subjective quality of vision (QoV) questionnaire in small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) for high compound myopic astigmatism. METHODS: This was a prospective study recruiting 114 patients undergoing SMILE with attempted spherical equivalent refraction (SEQ) correction from -9.00 to -13.00 diopters (D), and cylinder up to 5.00 D. The LDA was used before and 3 and 12 months after surgery to evaluate the Light Disturbance Area, Light Disturbance Index, Best Fit Circle Radius, and Best Fit Circle Irregularity. Patients completed the Rasch-validated QoV questionnaire before and 12 months after surgery. Correlation analysis was performed between the LDA parameters and the QoV frequency, severity, and bothersomeness for halos and starbursts. RESULTS: At 12 months, there was a non-statistically signifcant change of 11.9% for Light Disturbance Area and Light Disturbance Index and 6.5% for Best Fit Circle Radius. There was an increase of 81.9% for Best Fit Circle Irregularity (P = .017). Light Disturbance Area, Light Disturbance Index, and Best Fit Circle Radius correlated with bothersomeness for QoV halos, and with frequency, severity and bothersomeness for QoV star-bursts (P < .05), albeit with a low correlation coefficient (R2 < 0.13). There was no correlation between increase in Best Fit Circle Irregularity and the halo and starburst scores from the QoV questionnaire. CONCLUSIONS: LDA Best Fit Circle Irregularity was found to increase following high myopic SMILE. Other LDA parameters appeared to increase, but a much larger sample would be required to find statistical significance. The change in LDA parameters was only weakly correlated with QoV halo and starburst metrics, representing the wide variation in inter-subject perception. [J Refract Surg. 2022;38(11):725-732.].


Assuntos
Astigmatismo , Cirurgia da Córnea a Laser , Miopia , Humanos , Astigmatismo/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Substância Própria/cirurgia , Acuidade Visual , Miopia/cirurgia , Refração Ocular , Lasers de Excimer/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
J Cataract Refract Surg ; 48(12): 1475-1477, 2022 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36449679

RESUMO

A 37-year-old woman was referred for refractive surgery evaluation. Poor visual quality in her left eye is her chief concern. The patient had undergone laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) in both eyes 3 days previously. Detailed history revealed that the patient underwent surgery to correct low myopia and astigmatism (-2.50 -2.75 × 180 in the right eye and -1.25 -2.75 × 180 in the left eye). The preoperative evaluation corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) was 20/20 in the right eye and 20/20 in the left eye. The surgery was performed with a mechanical microkeratome and was uneventful. The patient reports that after her vision improved on the first day, she woke up with blurry vision in her left eye on the second day and it remained that way until the third day when she sought medical help. The slitlamp examination showed LASIK flap displacement without signs of infection ( Figure 1JOURNAL/jcrs/04.03/02158034-202212000-00023/figure1/v/2022-12-01T092452Z/r/image-tiff ). The patient was using topical corticosteroids and topical antibiotics every 6 hours. Considering the likely stromal exposure time, what would be the best approach for this case? Does the probable time of displacement of this flap change its behavior? In what way? If you decide to reposition the flap, would it be interesting to use fibrin glue or suture? Considering that there was no major trauma in the patient's report, what is the importance of the LASIK flap having been created by a mechanical microkeratome and not by a femtosecond laser in the displacement of the flap?


Assuntos
Astigmatismo , Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ , Miopia , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Astigmatismo/cirurgia , Miopia/cirurgia , Olho
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...