Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.071
Filtrar
1.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 15: 209-220, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31371977

RESUMO

Cholesterol-embolization syndrome (CES) is a multisystemic disease with various clinical manifestations. CES is caused by embolization of cholesterol crystals (CCs) from atherosclerotic plaques located in the major arteries, and is induced mostly iatrogenically by interventional and surgical procedures; however, it may also occur spontaneously. Embolized CCs lead to both ischemic and inflammatory damage to the target organ. Therefore, anti-inflammatory agents, such as corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide, have been investigated as treatment for CES in several studies, with conflicting results. Recent research has revealed that CES is actually a kind of autoinflammatory disease in which inflammasome pathways, such as NLRP3 and IL1, are induced by CCs. These recent findings may have clinical implications such that colchicine and IL1 inhibitors, namely canakinumab, may be beneficial in the early stages of CES.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Colesterol/sangue , Embolia de Colesterol , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Aterosclerose/sangue , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico , Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Cristalização , Embolia de Colesterol/sangue , Embolia de Colesterol/diagnóstico , Embolia de Colesterol/epidemiologia , Embolia de Colesterol/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Inflamassomos/sangue , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Interleucina-1/sangue , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/sangue , Placa Aterosclerótica , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Síndrome
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(28): e15959, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305390

RESUMO

The prognostic significance of systemic atherothrombosis in heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the relation between the presence of polyvascular disease (PVD) and cardiovascular outcomes in HFpEF patients.A total of 510 consecutive HFpEF patients were prospectively observed for up to 1500 days or until occurrence of cardiovascular events. PVD was defined as ≥2 coexistence of coronary artery disease, peripheral arterial disease, and cerebrovascular disease.Overall, 124 cardiovascular events were observed during follow-up (median: 1430 days). Kaplan-Meier curve showed HFpEF with PVD (n = 84) experienced more cardiovascular events than did those without PVD patients (44.0% vs 20.4%, log-rank: P < .001). Multivariable Cox proportional hazards analysis with significant factors from univariate analysis showed the presence of PVD (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.875, 95% [CI]: 1.894-4.365, P < .001), previous HF hospitalization (HR: 1.578, 95% CI: 1.031-2.414, P = .036), hemoglobin (HR: 0.889, 95% CI: 0.805-0.983, P = .021), serum sodium (HR: 0.946, 95% CI 0.896-1.000, P = .048), ln-BNP (per 1.0, HR: 1.255, 95% CI: 1.055-1.494, P = .010), and E/e' (HR: 1.047, 95% CI: 1.020-1.075, P < .001) significantly predicted future cardiovascular events. Multivariable Cox hazard analysis with 4 established factors (age, BNP, diabetes mellitus, and previous HF hospitalization) from the I-PRESERVE (Irbesartan in HFpEF) study showed PVD was independently associated with cardiovascular events in HFpEF patients (HR: 2.562, 95% CI: 1.715-3.827, P < .001).The presence of PVD is significantly associated with cardiovascular events in HFpEF, suggesting the importance of screening PVD in HFpEF.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Idoso , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Doença Arterial Periférica/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
3.
High Blood Press Cardiovasc Prev ; 26(3): 199-207, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236902

RESUMO

Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9)-related discoveries of the turn of the century have translated into substantial novelty in dyslipidemia treatment in the last 5 years. With chronic preventable atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ASCVD) representing an epidemic of morbidity and mortality worldwide, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) reduction represents a public health priority. By overcoming two major statin-related issues, namely intolerance and ineffectiveness, PCSK9 inhibitors have offered a safe and effective option in selected clinical settings where LDL-c reduction is required. Herein, we recapitulate recent findings, clinical applications, and ASCVD prevention potential of PCSK9 inhibition, with focus on anti-PCSK9 monoclonal antibodies, evolocumab and alirocumab.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Anticolesterolemiantes/uso terapêutico , Aterosclerose/prevenção & controle , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Dislipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Pró-Proteína Convertase 9/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Serino Proteinase/uso terapêutico , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Anticolesterolemiantes/efeitos adversos , Aterosclerose/sangue , Aterosclerose/enzimologia , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Dislipidemias/sangue , Dislipidemias/enzimologia , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Humanos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Pró-Proteína Convertase 9/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco , Inibidores de Serino Proteinase/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Clin Interv Aging ; 14: 789-796, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31190766

RESUMO

Objective: Ageing is one of the major risks for atherosclerosis. The age-related changes of interactions between plasma lipids, oxidative stress, antioxidant defense, and glycation processes are still not established while we age. Thus, the aim of the study was to analyze such relationships in individuals at risk for atherosclerosis due to their age. Methods: Elderly and middle-aged persons with no acute disease or severe chronic disorder were assessed. Fasting plasma lipids (total cholesterol (T-C), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and triacylglycerols), thiobarbituric acid reacting substances (TBARS), plasma total antioxidant status (TAS), and glucose and glycated proteins (fructosamine (FA) and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c)) were determined. An oral glucose tolerance test allowed exclusion of persons with type 2 diabetes. Results: Lipid profiles were significantly profitable, increased HDL-C especially (p<0.0001), in the elderly versus middle-aged group. Decreased TBARS and TAS were found in the elderly versus middle-aged group (p=0.0001 and p=0.00002, respectively). Increased fructosamine was found in the elderly (255±30 µmol/L) versus middle-aged (236±33 µmol/L) group (p=0.006). Multiple regression analysis showed that in the middle-aged group TBARS correlated with T-C and HDL-C, and in the elderly group with HbA1c and FA independently of other factors. Conclusion: The factors which have an impact on oxidant-antioxidant status are crucial to understanding the pathomechanisms of senescence as well as the development of chronic diseases. Healthy aging may be maintained throughout proper lipid control. Moreover, data support the premise that the balance between lipid metabolism and oxidative stress may play a role in the initial phases of glycation plasma proteins particularly among elderly persons.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/análise , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Aterosclerose/fisiopatologia , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Lipídeos/sangue , Idoso , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Glicemia/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Substâncias Reativas com Ácido Tiobarbitúrico/análise
5.
Clin Interv Aging ; 14: 849-857, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31190771

RESUMO

Purpose: Age-related reduction in bone marrow activity has been shown to cause anemia, and hypertension and endothelial dysfunction (atherosclerosis) are age-related diseases. However, recent studies have revealed a close association between bone marrow activity and endothelial maintenance. This study aimed to determine the association between elevated reticulocyte levels in conjunction with vigorous bone marrow activity and hypertension and atherosclerosis among the elderly. Study population and Methods: To determine the associations between reticulocyte levels and hypertension and atherosclerosis, we conducted a cross-sectional study of 2,098 elderly Japanese individuals, aged between 60 and 89 years, who had participated in an annual health check-up in 2014. Results: Of the total study population, 1,348 individuals were diagnosed with hypertension (systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg and/or having used antihypertensive medication), and 393 were diagnosed with atherosclerosis (carotid intima-media thickness ≥1.1 mm). Reticulocyte levels were found to be significantly positively associated with hypertension and inversely associated with atherosclerosis. Cardiovascular risk factor-adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for hypertension and atherosclerosis, when raised incrementally by 1 standard deviation to determine reticulocyte levels (5.5×104 cells/µL for men and 5.0×104 cells/µL for women), were 1.12 (1.01, 1.25) and 0.83 (0.72, 0.94), respectively. Conclusion: Along with established cardiovascular risk factors, reticulocyte levels in elderly Japanese individuals were found to be positively associated with hypertension and inversely associated with atherosclerosis. This finding may help clarify the background mechanisms concerning the association between bone marrow activity and vascular remodeling.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Reticulócitos/metabolismo , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aterosclerose/fisiopatologia , Pressão Sanguínea , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances
6.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 32(4): 260-271, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31217062

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) could predict a lower risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. This study was conducted to investigate the association between ideal CVH and subclinical atherosclerosis in a population cohort of Chinese adults aged ⪖ 40 years. METHODS: This study was designed as a cross-sectional analysis of 8,395 participants who had complete data at baseline and a prospective analysis of 4,879 participants who had complete data at 4.3 years of follow-up. Ideal CVH metrics were defined according to the American Heart Association. Subclinical atherosclerosis was evaluated by plaques in carotid arteries, carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), and urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR). RESULTS: Both the prevalence and incidence of atherosclerosis measures were found to be decreased with increasing numbers of ideal CVH metrics at baseline (all P values for trend < 0.01). The levels of CIMT and UACR at follow-up showed an inverse and significant association with the numbers of ideal CVH metrics at baseline (both P values for trend < 0.05) but a borderline significant association with baPWV (P for trend = 0.0505). Taking participants with 0-1 ideal metric as reference, we found that participants with 5-6 ideal metrics had significantly lower risks of developing carotid plaques (odds ratio, OR = 0.46; 95% confidence interval, CI 0.27-0.79), increased CIMT (OR = 0.60; 95% CI 0.42-0.84), and increased baPWV (OR = 0.57; 95% CI 0.34-0.97) after full adjustments. A significant interactive effect of age and CVH was detected on CIMT and baPWV progression (both P values for interaction < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The numbers of ideal CVH metrics showed a significant and inverse association with the risk of developing subclinical atherosclerosis in middle-aged and elderly Chinese adults, whereas its dose-response effect was attenuated in individuals aged ≥ 60 years and partially weakened in male participants.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Nível de Saúde , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
7.
Transplant Proc ; 51(4): 1118-1120, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31101184

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in kidney transplant recipients. Rituximab is widely used in kidney transplantation for a variety of situations, and rituximab may inhibit some cytokines and antibodies that may play an active role in the atherosclerotic process. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of rituximab on atherosclerosis biomarkers in kidney transplant recipients. METHODS: All patients, 18 years of age and older, who underwent kidney transplantation and received at least 1 dose of 375 mg/m2 rituximab were considered for participation in this study. The primary study endpoint was the development of cardiovascular diseases after rituximab therapy. The secondary endpoint was the onset of cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease or biopsy-confirmed BK virus nephropathy. In addition, comparison of atherosclerosis biomarkers was performed between study and control groups. RESULTS: There were no cardiovascular events observed during follow up. Only 8 patients in the study group suffered from CMV disease during follow up. Serum interleukin 10 levels were significantly higher in the rituximab group compared with the control group, although anti-oxidized low-density lipoprotein levels were lower in the rituximab group compared with the control group, though this did not achieve statistical significance. DISCUSSION: Rituximab treatment may increase the risk of CMV reactivation and decrease lymphocyte counts and interleukin 10 levels; however, significant decreases in all atherosclerotic-related biomarkers have not been shown in our study.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/sangue , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Rim , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Citomegalovirus/fisiologia , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transplantados , Ativação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos
8.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 28(6): 1586-1596, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30928215

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Complex aortic plaque is a potential cause of acute ischemic cerebrovascular disease, which needs timely identification. Also as a marker for systemic atherosclerosis, complex aortic plaque may be indicated by significant (≥50%) cervicocephalic atherosclerotic stenosis. We aimed at examining whether age ranges would influence their association to more accurately estimate the risk of having complex aortic plaque in acute ischemic cerebrovascular disease. METHODS: Aortic arch and cervicocephalic arteries were simultaneously evaluated using computed tomography angiography. Middle-aged (45-64 years) and old-aged (65-85 years) acute ischemic cerebrovascular disease patients were divided into 2 groups according to whether there was an aortic arch plaque with thickness of greater than or equal to 4 mm or associated ulcerations or mural thrombus. RESULTS: Old-aged patients (n = 107) had a higher prevalence of complex aortic plaque (67.3% versus 30.9%, P < .001) than those middle aged (n = 178). Among middle-aged patients, the presence of extracranial significant atherosclerotic stenosis (adjusted odd ratio = 2.89, 95% confidence interval: 1.42-5.86) rather than intracranial ones independently predicted complex aortic plaque. Regarding the extent of significant cervicocephalic atherosclerotic stenosis, the presence of multi-segment, bilateral, simultaneous extracranial and intracranial, and simultaneous anterior and posterior circulation ones were independent indicators for complex aortic plaque in the middle-aged subgroup (adjusted odd ratio = 2.42, 2.05, 2.26, 2.14, respectively). By contrast, no statistical correlation of complex aortic plaque and significant cervicocephalic atherosclerotic stenosis was found among old-aged patients. CONCLUSION: Considering the ranges of age was important to more precisely predict complex aortic plaque with significant cervicocephalic atherosclerotic stenosis in acute ischemic cerebrovascular disease.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/patologia , Doenças da Aorta/epidemiologia , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/epidemiologia , Artérias Carótidas/patologia , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/epidemiologia , Artérias Cerebrais/patologia , Arteriosclerose Intracraniana/epidemiologia , Placa Aterosclerótica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Artéria Vertebral/patologia , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/patologia , Aortografia/métodos , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico por imagem , Aterosclerose/patologia , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/patologia , Artérias Cerebrais/diagnóstico por imagem , China/epidemiologia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Arteriosclerose Intracraniana/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriosclerose Intracraniana/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores , Dados Preliminares , Prevalência , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Artéria Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem
9.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(8): 967-979, 2019 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30833802

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Drug toxicity is a common and even serious problem in the gastrointestinal tract that is thought to be caused by a broad spectrum of agents. Although withdrawal of the causative agent would cure the disease knowledge is scarce and mostly derives from case reports and series. AIM: To investigate potential triggers of drug-induced colitis (DiC). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, observational case control study. Patients were assigned to DiC or one of two age- and gender-matched control groups (non-inflammatory controls and inflammatory colitis of another cause) based on histopathological findings. Histopathology was reassessed in a subset of patients (28 DiC with atherosclerosis, DiC without atherosclerosis and ischaemic colitis each) for validation purposes. Medical history was collected from the electronic database and patient records. Statistical analysis included chi-squared test, t-test, logistic and multivariate regression models. RESULTS: Drug-induced colitis was detected in 211 endoscopically sampled biopsy specimens of the colon mucosa (7% of all screened colonoscopic biopsy samples); a total of 633 patients were included equally matched throughout the three groups (291 males, mean age: 62.1 ± 16.1 years). In the univariate analysis, DiC was associated with diuretics, dihydropyridines, glycosides, ASS, platelet aggregation inhibitors, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), statins and fibrates, and with atherosclerosis, particularly coronary heart disease, and hyperlipoproteinaemia. Echocardiographic parameters did not show substantial differences. In the multivariate analysis only fibrates [odds ratio (OR) = 9.1], NSAIDs (OR = 6.7) and atherosclerosis (OR = 2.1) proved to be associated with DiC. Both DiC reassessment groups presented milder inflammation than ischaemic colitis. The DiC patients with atherosclerosis exhibited histological features from both DiC without atherosclerosis and ischaemic colitis. CONCLUSION: Several drugs indicated for the treatment of cardiovascular and related diseases are associated with DiC. Atherosclerosis and microcirculatory disturbances seem to play an important pathogenetic role.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Colite/epidemiologia , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Idoso , Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Biópsia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colo/irrigação sanguínea , Colo/diagnóstico por imagem , Colo/efeitos dos fármacos , Colo/patologia , Colonoscopia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal/irrigação sanguínea , Mucosa Intestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Masculino , Microcirculação/efeitos dos fármacos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
10.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 32(2): 87-95, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30862340

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the 10-year Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease (ASCVD) risk score among adults in eastern China using the China-PAR equation which formulated primarily for the Chinese population. METHODS: Data from 72,129 individuals from 35-74 years old who received routine physical examinations in eastern China were analyzed in this study. The 10-year risk scores were calculated using the China-PAR equation. The chi-square test and logistic regression were then performed to evaluate the association between the selected risk factors and overall CVD risk. RESULTS: The mean 10-year ASCVD risk scores were 3.82% ± 3.76% in men and 1.30% ± 1.65% in women based on the China-PAR equation. Overall, 20% of men and 3.5% of women were intermediate-risk, and 7.3% of men and 0.3% of women were high-risk. Waist to hip ratio (WHR) [OR = 1.16 (CI 95% = 1.06-1.26)], waist to height ratio (WHtR) [OR = 1.16 (CI 95% = 1.05-1.28)], non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) [OR = 1.23 (CI 95% = 1.09-1.39)], and total cholesterol (TC)/HDL-C [OR = 1.68 (CI 95% = 1.46-1.94)] were more strongly associated with CVD risk than body-mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and TC alone. CONCLUSION: Male-specific prevention and treatment strategies for ASCVD are needed in eastern China. In addition, WHR, WHtR, non-HDL-C, and TC/HDL-C which not included in the the China-PAR equation were also independently associated with 10-year ASCVD risk score categories.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exame Físico , Fatores de Risco
11.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 150: 57-63, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30825562

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Meteorin-like (Metrnl) is a novel secreted protein that has a beneficial effect on glucose homeostasis with anti-inflammatory properties. Our goal is to determine whether low serum Metrnl levels are associated with worsening of glucose tolerance, impaired endothelial function, and atherosclerosis. METHODS: This study included 260 adults, 89 of whom had normal oral glucose tolerance (nOGT), 77 with glucose tolerance impairment (GTI) and 94 with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Insulin resistance was assessed by evaluating the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). Serum Metrnl level, proinflammatory, biochemical, endothelial and atherosclerosis parameters were measured. RESULTS: Serum Metrnl levels decreased significantly in patients with T2DM versus subjects with nOGT (P < 0.001). Metrnl levels were negatively correlated with fasting blood glucose, 2-h postload glucose (2 h-PLG), fasting insulin, HOMA-IR, HbA1c, high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), Carotid intima media thickness (CIMT), brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and E-selectin. High serum Metrnl level was significantly correlated with reduced risk of T2DM as revealed by multivariate logistic regression analysis after control of potential risk factors for diabetes. Furthermore, the association remains significant after further adjustment for IL-6, TNF-α, hs-CRP, CIMT, baPWV, ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and E-selectin. CONCLUSIONS: Low Serum Metrnl may be associated with worsening of glucose tolerance, impaired endothelial function and atherosclerosis. It may also be considered a possible surrogate marker of endothelial dysfunction, and atherosclerosis and an independent risk factor of T2DM.


Assuntos
Adipocinas/sangue , Aterosclerose/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Intolerância à Glucose/sangue , Resistência à Insulina , Adulto , Idoso , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Glicemia/análise , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Selectina E/sangue , Egito/epidemiologia , Endotélio Vascular/patologia , Feminino , Intolerância à Glucose/epidemiologia , Humanos , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Fatores de Risco , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/sangue , Adulto Jovem
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(11): e14896, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30882706

RESUMO

How nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is linked to atherosclerosis is still disputed. This study aimed to explore the association between NAFLD and atherosclerosis among adults in Shandong province, China.A total of 6849 individuals were enrolled in the final analyses for a community-based study. The relationship between NAFLD and atherosclerosis was evaluated after adjusting for common confounding factors.Hypertension, diabetes, and higher serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) level were positively correlated with NAFLD. An odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval [CI]) of 1.325 (range 1.157-1.518) for hypertension, 2.153 (range 1.814-2.555) for diabetes, and 1.161 (range 1.071-1.259) for LDL-c was noticed. These factors also were positively correlated with atherosclerosis, with an OR (95% CI) of 1.501 (range 1.286-1.751) for hypertension, 1.716 (range 1.414-2.084) for diabetes, and 1.344 (range 1.231-1.466) for LDL-c. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was higher in the atherosclerosis+NAFLD group (81.8%) when compared with the NAFLD-only (30.3%), atherosclerosis-only (32.2%), and control (20.3%) groups (P <.01).NAFLD and atherosclerosis have common metabolic characteristics, such as hypertension, diabetes, and higher serum LDL-c level. Patients with NAFLD in combination with atherosclerosis were found to have a more severe metabolic burden and greater chances of having hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and higher metabolic syndrome scores than those in the other groups.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Metabolismo/fisiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Aterosclerose/etiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/classificação , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Razão de Chances , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
13.
Acta Diabetol ; 56(5): 561-567, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30725263

RESUMO

AIMS: Diabetic foot syndrome (DFS) increases the risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), chronic kidney disease (CKD), or mortality. The present study aims at ascertaining whether such DFS-related excess risk differs between genders, retrospectively investigating a population with diabetes from Tuscany, Italy, followed-up for 6 years (2011-2016). METHODS: People with diabetes living in Tuscany on January 1st 2011 identified by administrative databases, were divided by baseline history of prior DFS hospitalizations, stratified by presence/absence of peripheral vascular disease and evaluating, by Cox regression analysis, whether adjusted DFS-related excess risk of incident ASCVD, CKD or mortality differed between genders. RESULTS: In an overall population of 165,650 subjects with diabetes (81,829M/83,821F), basal prevalence of DFS was twice higher among males, who were moreover at a significantly greater risk of all considered outcomes along the 6-year period. On the contrary, baseline DFS significantly increased the hospitalization risk for ASCVD, CKD and mortality equally or at a slightly greater extent in females, while the risk for stroke was significantly associated with DFS only among females (HR: 1.622 (1.314-1.980); p = 0.0001 vs. HR: 1.132 (0.955-1.332); p = NS). This finding was even reinforced in non-vascular DFS, which was associated with a significant raised risk for stroke, heart failure or mortality exclusively in females. CONCLUSIONS: In this population, DFS prevalence and overall risk for ASCVD, CKD or mortality were significantly higher among males. Baseline co-presence of DFS, however, conferred a similar adjusted risk for all these outcomes between genders, and in case of non-vascular DFS the risk was significantly increased only among females.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Pé Diabético/complicações , Pé Diabético/mortalidade , Fatores Sexuais , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Pé Diabético/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
14.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 21Suppl 02(Suppl 02): e180008, 2019 Feb 04.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30726353

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cardiometabolic diseases are prevalent in populations and are among the leading causes of death. Objective: This sub-study of the Health, Well-being and Aging (SABE) study describes the self-reported prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension, and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) for its three waves (2000, 2006, and 2010). It also analyses the associations with selected risk factors. METHODS: Logistic regression models were performed. RESULTS: Predominance of women and average age (68 years) were maintained in all the waves. During the period, there was a general tendency of increasing prevalence of hypertension (53.1 to 66.7%), DM (16.7 to 25.0%), and CVD (23.0 to 27.2%); and stabilization of the CVD prevalence rate occurred only from 2006 to 2010. Women, with body mass index (BMI) > 27 kg/m2, and ex-smokers had consistently higher risk of self-reported hypertension across the three waves. BMI >27kg/m2 was also associated with a higher probability of DM in the three waves, whereas with ex-smokers this occurred only in 2010. Ex-smokers presented higher risk of CVD in all the waves, but not excess weight. Wave pairs were analyzed to test changes in prevalence, and it was found a significant increase in diseases rates across the years. CONCLUSION: In summary, self-reported DM, hypertension, and CVD had high prevalence rates for participants of SABE Study, in São Paulo. The association of elevated BMI with cardiometabolic diseases suggests that body adiposity might favor their occurrence, although the study design does not guarantee a cause and effect relationship. Increased rates of affected individuals from the first to the third wave may reflect improvement in diagnostic conditions and/or control of these diseases' mortality during that period.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Aterosclerose/etiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/etiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Autorrelato , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores de Tempo
15.
Turk J Med Sci ; 49(1): 327-335, 2019 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30761853

RESUMO

Background/aim: Fetuin-A, a circulating inhibitor of calcification, is a marker of inflammatory-nutritional state. We evaluated the association between serum fetuin-A levels and vascular calcification, intima-media thickness, and nutritional and inflammatory markers in different stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Materials and methods: CKD patients were sampled for calcium-phosphate parameters and nutritional and inflammatory markers [highly sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP)], and serum fetuin-A levels. Intima-media thicknesses of the common carotid arteries (CIMT) were measured. Peripheral artery calcification scores were obtained. Results: A total of 238 patients were included in the study. Fetuin-A levels in patients with end-stage renal disease were significantly lower than those in patients with stage-3 and stage-4 CKD (stage-5 vs. stage-4, P < 0.001; stage-5 vs. stage-3, P < 0.001). Fetuin-A was negatively correlated with creatinine (P < 0.001), Ca × P product (P < 0.001), hs-CRP (P = 0.01), vascular calcification score (P < 0.001), and CIMT (P < 0.001), and positively correlated with BMI (P < 0.001, r = 0.30) and serum albumin (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Lower levels of fetuin-A were associated with higher vascular calcification scores, CIMT, hs-CRP levels, and lower BMI and albumin. Fetuin-A deficiency may be a key element for MIAC syndrome.


Assuntos
Inflamação , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , alfa-2-Glicoproteína-HS/análise , Adulto , Idoso , Aterosclerose/sangue , Aterosclerose/complicações , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Calcinose/sangue , Calcinose/complicações , Calcinose/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/sangue , Inflamação/complicações , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Masculino , Desnutrição/sangue , Desnutrição/complicações , Desnutrição/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/sangue , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Síndrome
16.
Crit Pathw Cardiol ; 18(1): 57-60, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30747767

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis of the aorta and coronary arteries is still one of the major causes of death. We recently reported obesity paradox between body mass index and atherosclerosis of the aortas (AA) in morbidly obese decedent patients. The cause of this obesity paradox is unknown. The aim of the present study was to carry out genomic microarray analysis to determine gene expression profiles in the aortas of morbidly obese decedents with either mild or severe atherosclerosis of the aorta. METHODS: Microarray studies using Affymetrix GeneChips Clariom D Human array chips were performed on the aortas obtained from 6 morbidly obese decedents, 3 of whom had minimal AA and 3 who had severe disease. RESULTS: Group 1 (severe AA) and group 2 (mild AA) included 3 patients each. The patients were matched by age and body mass index. There were significant (P<0.005) differences in the expressions of 1067 genes between groups 1 and 2, including 602 upregulated and 465 downregulated genes. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show significantly different gene signatures between morbidly obese decedents who have mild or severe AA, suggesting that genetic factors may be important contributors to the obesity paradox as it relates to aortic atherosclerosis. Further studies are warranted to define differences in protein expression in the aortas of these 2 groups to further elucidate the cause of this obesity paradox.


Assuntos
Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/genética , Aterosclerose/genética , Análise em Microsséries/métodos , Obesidade Mórbida/genética , RNA Mensageiro/análise , Regulação para Cima , Idoso , Aorta Abdominal/metabolismo , Doenças da Aorta/epidemiologia , Doenças da Aorta/etiologia , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Aterosclerose/etiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Causas de Morte/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morbidade/tendências , Obesidade Mórbida/complicações , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
17.
Thromb Haemost ; 119(4): 576-585, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30703812

RESUMO

The most common causes of ischaemic stroke are represented by carotid artery atherosclerotic disease (CAAD) and atrial fibrillation. While oral anticoagulants substantially reduce the incidence of thromboembolic stroke (< 1%/year), the rate of ischaemic stroke and other cardiovascular disease events in patients with CAAD remains high, ranging from 8.4 to 18.1 events per 100 patient-years. Similar to any other atherosclerotic disease, anti-thrombotic therapies are proposed for CAAD to reduce stroke and other cardiovascular events. The 2017 European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/European Society for Vascular Surgery (ESVS) guidelines recommend for patients with asymptomatic CAAD ≥60% the use of aspirin 75 to 100 mg once daily or clopidogrel 75 mg once daily at the exception of patient at very high bleeding risk. For patients with symptomatic CAAD ≥50%, the use of aspirin 75 to 100 mg once daily or clopidogrel 75 mg once daily is recommended. New perspectives for anti-thrombotic therapy for the treatment of patients with CAAD come from the novel dual pathway strategy combining a low-dose anticoagulant (i.e. rivaroxaban) and aspirin that may help reduce long-term ischaemic complications in patients with CAAD. This review summarizes current evidence and recommendations for the anti-thrombotic management of patients with symptomatic or asymptomatic CAAD or those undergoing carotid revascularization.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Cardiologia/métodos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Artérias Carótidas/patologia , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/epidemiologia , Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Hemorragia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Revascularização Miocárdica , Risco , Rivaroxabana/administração & dosagem
18.
Pathology ; 51(2): 202-212, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30595509

RESUMO

Lipodystrophies are rare, heterogeneous, genetic or acquired, disorders characterised by varying degrees of body fat loss and associated metabolic complications, including insulin resistance, dyslipidaemias, hepatic steatosis and predisposition to atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). The four main types of lipodystrophy, excluding antiretroviral therapy-induced lipodystrophy in HIV-infected patients, are congenital generalised lipodystrophy (CGL), familial partial lipodystrophy (FPLD), acquired generalised lipodystrophy (AGL) and acquired partial lipodystrophy (APL). This paper reviews the literature related to the prevalence of dyslipidaemias and ASCVD in patients with lipodystrophies. Patients with CGL, AGL and FPLD have increased prevalence of dyslipidaemia but those with APL do not. Patients with CGL as well as AGL present in childhood, and have severe dyslipidaemias (mainly hypertriglyceridaemia) and early onset diabetes mellitus as a consequence of extreme fat loss. However, only a few patients with CGL and AGL have been reported to develop coronary heart disease. In contrast, data from some small cohorts of FPLD patients reveal increased prevalence of ASCVD especially among women. Patients with APL have a relatively low prevalence of hypertriglyceridaemia and diabetes mellitus. Overall, patients with lipodystrophies appear to be at high risk of ASCVD due to increased prevalence of dyslipidaemia and diabetes and efforts should be made to manage these metabolic complications aggressively to prevent ASCVD.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Lipodistrofia/epidemiologia , Aterosclerose/genética , Dislipidemias/genética , Heterogeneidade Genética , Humanos , Lipodistrofia/genética , Lipodistrofia Generalizada Congênita/epidemiologia , Lipodistrofia Generalizada Congênita/genética , Lipodistrofia Parcial Familiar/epidemiologia , Lipodistrofia Parcial Familiar/genética , Prevalência , Risco
19.
Diabetes Metab Syndr ; 13(1): 882-888, 2019 Jan - Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30641825

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the association of serum FGF21 with subclinical atherosclerosis and pulse wave velocity, a marker of arterial stiffness, in type 2 diabetes Egyptian patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fasting serum FGF21 was measured in 120 type 2 diabetes patients without clinical atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (mean age 51.1 ±â€¯7.7 years; 63.3 women). In addition to basic laboratory tests, serum adiponectin and ultrasonographic examination of CIMT, ankle brachial index (ABI) and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) were performed. RESULTS: Patients with subclinical atherosclerosis have higher serum FGF21 than those without (218 ±â€¯66.8 pg/mL Vs 170 ±â€¯43.1 pg/mL, P < 0.001). FGF21 correlated positively with CIMT and cfPWV (P < 0.001) regardless of patient gender. In logistic regression analysis, circulating FGF21 was found to be an independent predictor for subclinical atherosclerosis (P = 0.023) in addition to dyslipidemia, hypertension and adiponectin. FGF21 was also found to be an independent determinant of cfPWV in stepwise multiple regression analysis. ROC curve analysis was done and cutoff high risk FGF21 level of 184 pg/mL for the prediction of subclinical atherosclerosis with a sensitivity and specificity of 66.7%. CONCLUSIONS: Serum FGF21 levels correlated with carotid intima media thickness and predict subclinical atherosclerosis. Serum FGF21 is also correlated positively with cfPWV and arterial stiffness in type 2 diabetes patients.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/sangue , Rigidez Vascular/fisiologia , Adulto , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico por imagem , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico por imagem , Egito/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Túnica Íntima/metabolismo
20.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 103, 2019 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30669994

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis and COPD are systemic inflammatory diseases that share common risk factors including cigarette smoking. A high level of nicotine dependence is emerging as a recently identified risk factor for pulmonary impairment, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and tobacco-related cancers. We hypothesized that nicotine dependence is associated with the risk of atherosclerosis in long-term cigarette smokers. METHODS: A nested case-control study was conducted within the National Lung Cancer Screening Trial- American College of Radiology Imaging Network. Cases were defined as having a new diagnosis of any type of atherosclerosis. Controls were matched on a 2:1 basis by age, sex, race, study center, smoking status, years of smoking, and frequency of smoking. Dependence was measured by the time to first cigarette after awakening (TTFC). RESULTS: The study included 166 cases and 286 controls. Compared to participants who smoked within 5 min after waking, the risk of atherosclerosis for participants who smoked an hour or more after waking was borderline non-significant (odds ratio = 0.49, 95% confidence intervals [CI] 0.23, 1.00). Findings were similar for men and women. For aortic atherosclerosis, the corresponding odds ratio was 0.24 (95% CI 0.08, 0.69). Hypertension was associated with an increased risk and body mass index was associated with a decreased risk of aortic atherosclerosis. The TTFC was unrelated to coronary atherosclerosis. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to smoking immediately after waking, delaying an hour or more reduces the risk of aortic atherosclerosis even among long-term heavy smokers. Possible mechanisms that explain this association are intensity of smoking, inflammation and oxidative stress, and elevated lipid levels.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Tabagismo/epidemiologia , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA