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BMJ ; 384: q297, 2024 02 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38320765
BMC Palliat Care ; 23(1): 47, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38378523


BACKGROUND: The fear of death is a common experience among healthcare students and professionals that may impact the quality of care provided to patients, particularly those receiving palliative care. The Collett-Lester Fear of Death Scale is a widely used instrument to assess this fear, although its psychometric properties have not been extensively studied in Occupational Therapy students. The present study aimed to validate the Collett-Lester Fear of Death Scale (CL-FODS) in a sample of Occupational Therapy students and to explore its implications for palliative care education. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted to perform psychometric testing of the CL-FODS in Occupational Therapy undergraduate students. Structural validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability were analysed. A total of 195 Occupational Therapy students were included in this study. Additionally, the participants completed a brief survey on their experiences and attitudes towards palliative care. RESULTS: The internal consistency was satisfactory (α = 0.888). The exploratory factor analysis to evaluate the internal structure yielded four factors. The model fit indices were: comparative fit index = 0.89, and root mean square error of approximation = 0.06). The test-retest reliability was satisfactory and demonstrated an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.939. CONCLUSION: The Spanish version of the CL-FODS showed satisfactory psychometric properties; therefore, assessing fear of death in Occupational Therapy students is helpful. This study highlights the importance of addressing fear of death and palliative care education in Occupational Therapy undergraduates to improve future professional attitudes and, consequently, the quality of patient care at the end of life.

Terapia Ocupacional , Cuidados Paliativos , Transtornos Fóbicos , Humanos , Psicometria , Estudos Transversais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Atitude Frente a Morte , Medo , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários
BMC Palliat Care ; 23(1): 57, 2024 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38408953


BACKGROUND: The experience of Wish to Die is common in patients living with Advanced Disease. It has been studied worldwide and qualitative studies have contributed to the understanding of the complexity of the phenomenon of the WTD but a deeper understanding on the individual's views is still needed. The objective of this study was to identify common characteristics of the experience of wish to die in advanced disease. METHODS: A phenomenological study was carried out with multicenter participation of patients with advanced disease who had expressed their wish to die to health professionals. Semi-structured interviews were employed to obtain an in-depth perspective of each patient's lived experience. A phenomenological analysis of the data collected was performed to describe and explore the characteristic aspects of the phenomenon under study. RESULTS: Fourteen patients with advanced disease were interviewed. Most of them had cancer. In the analysis of the patients' accounts of their experiences, three common characteristics were identified: a) experiencing a state of transience; b) the attempt to reconnect with oneself; and c) additional disease-related aspects that influence the wish to die. Patients expressed the need for a safe space to address the wish to die and the importance of receiving care that considers both 'being' and 'doing'. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with advanced disease and wish to die experience a state of transience where the patient lives and ephemeral state of existence. Interventions focused on reinforcing the intrinsic value of the individual emerge as essential components of a compassionate accompaniment of those facing the wish to die.

Atitude Frente a Morte , Pacientes , Humanos , Empatia , Pesquisa Qualitativa
Subj. procesos cogn. ; 27(2): 31-63, dic. 12, 2023.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1519053


Busca-se discutir a relação da Experiência de Quase Morte (EQM) a partir dos conceitos junguianos, particularmentea Individuação e a Espiritualidade. Pretende-se ainda, explorar possíveis relações entre a memória da EQM e Neuropsicologia, analisando o arquétipo psicóide e possíveis relações entre ele e a memória episódica, procurando-se possibilidades viáveis de pesquisas exploratórias que possam trazer maiores esclarecimentos na relação entre a experiência de quase morte, o conceito do psicóide da Psicologia analítica de C. G. Jung e a memória episódica tratada em neuropsicologia AU

We seek to discuss the relationship of the Near Death Experience (NDE) from the Jungian concepts, particularly Individuation and Spirituality. It is also intended to explore possible relationships between NDE memory and Neuropsychology, analyzing the psychoid archetype and possible relationships between it and episodic memory, looking for viable possibilities for exploratory research that can bring further clarification on the relationship between the experience of almost death, the psychoid concept from C. G. Jung's Analytical Psychology and the episodic memory treated in neuropsychology AU

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Atitude Frente a Morte , Entrevistas como Assunto , Memória Episódica , Espiritualidade , Teoria Junguiana , Neuropsicologia
Rev. esp. geriatr. gerontol. (Ed. impr.) ; 58(6): [e101422], nov.- dic. 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-228042


Introduction Geriatric and gerontology healthcare workers are associated with a series of psychosocial risks such as death, bereavement and illness, and this implies a significant emotional and work overload, which can lead to negative attitudes toward death. Objective The aims of this study were to assess attitudes toward death, the level of burnout and the relationship between geriatrics and gerontology professionals. Method A correlational, cross-sectional study was conducted, in which the 42 participants in the sample completed an online questionnaire including the Revised Profile of Attitudes to Death (PAM-R) and the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS). Results The results obtained show that the predominant attitude toward death in the sample is that of neutral acceptance, and with regard to burnout syndrome, moderate average levels are found in the dimensions of emotional exhaustion and personal accomplishment, but a low level of depersonalisation. Conclusion Healthcare workers with attitudes of greater fear of death or acceptance of escape tend to experience higher levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalisation, as do those with an attitude of death avoidance, who also have lower personal fulfillment (AU)

Introducción El personal sanitario de geriatría y gerontología se relaciona con una serie de riesgos psicosociales como son la muerte, el duelo y la enfermedad, esto implica una sobrecarga emocional y laboral importante, las cuales pueden derivar en actitudes hacia la muerte negativas.Objetivos Los objetivos de este estudio fueron evaluar las actitudes hacia la muerte, el nivel de burnout y la relación entre profesionales de geriatría y gerontología. Método Se realizó un estudio correlacional y transversal, en el que los 42 participantes de la muestra cumplimentaron un cuestionario online que incluía el Perfil Revisado de Actitudes hacia la Muerte (PAM-R) y el Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS). Resultados Los resultados obtenidos muestran que la actitud hacia la muerte predominante en la muestra es la de aceptación neutral, y en cuanto al síndrome de burnout, se encuentran niveles medios moderados en las dimensiones de agotamiento emocional y realización personal, pero un nivel bajo de despersonalización. Conclusión Los trabajadores sanitarios con actitudes de mayor miedo a la muerte o de aceptación de la fuga tienden a experimentar mayores niveles de agotamiento emocional y despersonalización, al igual que los que tienen una actitud de evitación de la muerte, que además presentan una menor realización personal (AU)

Humanos , Atitude Frente a Morte , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Esgotamento Psicológico/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estudos Transversais
Front Public Health ; 11: 1194460, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38026299


Background: Death education has been confirmed to be an effective method to enhance nursing students' attitudes and coping abilities toward death. However, integrated Narrative Pedagogy into the death education to explore educational effectiveness is still limited. The study aimed to evaluate the effects of a death education based on Narrative Pedagogy in a palliative care course on the attitude toward death, coping with death, and attitude toward caring for the dying among undergraduate nursing students in China. Methods: The study was designed as a pre-post intervention study with a quasi-experimental design. All the participants received 6 class hours of death education which was designed in a palliative care course. The death education includes preparation, presentation, discussion, reflection, and practice of the narrative materials. Death Attitude Profile-Revised (DAP-R), Coping with Death Scale (CDS), and Frommelt Attitude Toward Care of the Dying-Form B (FATCOD-Form B) were used to measure outcomes. Results: Sixty undergraduate nursing students who consented. There were statistically significant increases in the mean score of neutral acceptance and approach acceptance in the DAP-R, CDS, and FATCOD-Form B before and after the intervention. Conclusion: This death education integrated Narrative Pedagogy which indicated to improve attitude toward death, competence to cope with death, and attitude toward the care of dying patients. The findings assist teachers in understanding the importance and urgency of death education, as well as providing a favorable approach to death education. However, the long-term effectiveness still needs to study in further.

Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Assistência Terminal , Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos , População do Leste Asiático , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Atitude Frente a Morte , Inquéritos e Questionários
J Palliat Med ; 26(12): 1604-1609, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37824751


Background: How people face mortality is a crucial matter for medicine. Yet, there is not a coherent and comprehensive understanding of how people can process the experience such that it is not traumatic. Methods: This article offers a "logic model" of how existential maturation occurs, using analogies from cell biology to explain the process. Results: This model depicts 10 mechanisms that together deal with mortality-salient events. Collectively, they are termed the existential function, which is seen as an innate, ever-evolving, integral part of the mind. An operational boundary selectively manages how realities are taken in. Processing is initiated with other essential people, ushering in reiterative steps of listening, finding, exploring, making meaning, and adjusting. The result is adaptive, integrated, mortality-acknowledging dispositions of mind. The process allows quality of life at the end of life and healthy mourning; impediments to it make for existential suffering and complicated grief. Conclusions: This conceptual model describes how people can face mortality. Its merit depends on its source in human experience, its explanatory power, its ability to guide people as they face mortality, and its ability to stimulate productive perspectives. It is therefore offered as an invitation for discussion, research, revision, and evolution.

Morte , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Pesar , Atitude Frente a Morte , Existencialismo
Int. j. morphol ; 41(5): 1421-1426, oct. 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521019


SUMMARY: A corpse is the body's final destination and, as a social construction, it challenges Western cultural taboos and practices around the corpse, having been shown in cinema. The present paper aims to analyze 17 films that portray Human Anatomy, identifying which themes specifically related to morphological sciences are addressed, namely: a) reactions to first contact with a cadaver, b) medical school and dissection classes, c) origin of cadavers, d) anatomy and suspense or horror movies, e) romance, drama and comedy, f) body snatchers/ resurrectionists, g) anatomical techniques, h) racism, prejudice and anatomy. This is a critical review of films in which, after thorough triple- blind analysis by the authors, it was observed that the encounter with the cadaver provides a series of emotions to the characters participating in the practical anatomy classes shown in the films, such as apprehension, fear, disgust, curiosity, etc. Generally, this surprising contact between the living and the dead is associated with the practice of dissection, which often results in the accentuation of emotions previously reported. From all this, it is concluded that the history of the teaching of Human Anatomy has been interestingly portrayed in cinema from different points of view.

Un cadáver es el destino final del cuerpo y, como construcción social, desafía los tabúes y prácticas culturales occidentales en torno al cadáver, habiendo sido mostrado en el cine. El presente trabajo tuvo como objetivo analizar 17 películas que retratan la Anatomía Humana, identificando qué temas específicamente relacionados con las ciencias morfológicas se abordan, a saber: a) reacciones al primer contacto con un cadáver, b) clases de medicina y disección, c) origen de los cadáveres, d) anatomía y películas de suspenso o terror, e) romance, drama y comedia, f) ladrones de cuerpos/resurreccionistas, g) técnicas anatómicas, h) racismo, prejuicio y anatomía. Se trata de una revisión crítica de películas en las que, tras un minucioso análisis triple ciego por parte de los autores, se observa que el encuentro con el cadáver proporciona una serie de emociones a los personajes que participan en las clases prácticas de anatomía que se muestran en las películas, tales como aprensión, miedo, repugnancia, curiosidad, etc. Generalmente, este sorprendente contacto entre vivos y muertos se asocia con la práctica de la disección, lo que muchas veces resulta en la acentuación de las emociones anteriormente relatadas. De todo ello se concluye que la historia de la enseñanza de la Anatomía Humana ha sido interesantemente retratada en el cine desde diferentes puntos de vista.

Humanos , Cadáver , Anatomia/educação , Filmes Cinematográficos , Atitude Frente a Morte
Aust J Gen Pract ; 52(8): 575-576, 2023 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37532449
Curr Opin Support Palliat Care ; 17(3): 208-213, 2023 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37401937


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The notion of a 'good death' is central to hospice and palliative care philosophy. This review interrogates social imaginaries of the 'good death' in the context of current global, health and sociopolitical challenges. RECENT FINDINGS: Research literature and policy documents across fields continue to place emphasis on the 'good death'. As part of the equity turn in palliative care, there is a growing body of work highlighting the diverse perspectives of people whose voices were heretofore not understood. Inequities are evident not only in terms of who has access to a 'good death' but also related to the effects of the dominant 'good death' script itself. SUMMARY: There is increasing evidence that pursuit of the 'good death' narrative may be counter to supporting people as they are living and dying. The authors instead argue for a research, policy and practice shift to 'matters of care'.

Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida , Assistência Terminal , Humanos , Atitude Frente a Morte , Cuidados Paliativos
BMC Palliat Care ; 22(1): 74, 2023 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37330502


BACKGROUND: Terror management theory (TMT) posits that people manage death-related anxiety through the meaning provided by their cultural world-views and the sense of personal value provided by self-esteem. While a large body of research has supported the core propositions of TMT, little research has focused on its application to individuals with terminal illness. If TMT can help healthcare providers better understand how belief systems adapt and change in life-threatening illness, and the role they play in managing death-related anxiety, it may provide guidance on how to improve communication around treatments near the end of life. As such, we set out to review the available research articles that focus on describing the relationship between TMT and life-threatening illness. METHODS: We reviewed PubMed, PsycINFO, Google Scholar, and EMBASE through May 2022 for original research articles focused on TMT and life-threatening illness. Articles were only deemed appropriate for inclusion if direct incorporation of the principles of TMT were made in reference to a population of interest whom had life-threatening illness Results were screened by title and abstract, followed by full review of candidate articles. References were also scanned. Articles were assessed qualitatively. RESULTS: Six relevant and original research articles were published which provide varied levels of support for TMT's application in critical illness, each article detailed evidence of ideological changes consistent with what TMT would predict. Building self-esteem, enhancing the experience of life as meaningful, incorporating spirituality, engaging family members, and caring for patients at home where meaning and self-esteem can be better maintained are strategies supported by the studies and serve as starting points for further research. CONCLUSION: These articles suggest that applying TMT to life-threatening illness can help identify psychological changes that may effectively minimize the distress from dying. Limitations of this study include a heterogenous group of relevant studies and qualitative assessment.

Família , Espiritualidade , Humanos , Morte , Atitude Frente a Morte
J Christ Nurs ; 40(3): E23-E29, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37271918


ABSTRACT: Nurses, regardless of the healthcare setting, have numerous opportunities for interacting with those who are grieving. The purpose of this article is to help honor and support those who are on a grief journey following the death of a loved one. Caring for the grieving involves offering the ministry of presence, awareness of both established and individualized grief responses, planning interventions for loneliness and isolation, and navigating through special occasions. Praying and sharing Scripture and encouraging time alone in God's presence can be integral in helping the bereaved meet spiritual needs.

Atitude Frente a Morte , Pesar , Humanos , Adaptação Psicológica
J Pediatr Nurs ; 72: e166-e173, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37355461


PURPOSE: Parents' perceptions of their child's suffering affect their bereavement experience. Identifying factors that shape parental perceptions of suffering could help build effective supportive interventions for children and parents navigating EOL and grief. We aimed to compare parent-perceived child suffering between diagnostic groups and identify related factors. DESIGN AND METHODS: We combined databases from 3 surveys of parents whose children who died following cancer, a complex chronic condition (CCC), or advanced heart disease. We built multivariable logistic regression models to identify relationships between parent-perceived child suffering and parent/child, illness experience, and care-related factors. RESULTS: Among 277 parents, 41% rated their child's suffering as moderate or high. Fifty-seven percent of parents whose child died from cancer reported that their child suffered "a lot" or "a great deal" at EOL, compared to 33% whose child died from a CCC, and 17% whose child died from heart disease (P < 0.001). Preparation for EOL symptoms was associated with decreased parent-perceived child suffering in multivariable modeling, with parents who were prepared for EOL 68% less likely to rate their child's suffering as high compared to those who felt unprepared (AOR: 0.32, CI [0.13-0.77], P = 0.013). CONCLUSIONS: Preparing families for their child's EOL may help mitigate lingering perceptions of suffering. Operationalizing preparation is crucial to optimizing family support during EOL care. IMPLICATIONS TO PRACTICE: Preparation for symptoms, and access to resources, including medical/psychosocial interventions and staff, may help ease parental perception of EOL suffering. Clinicians should prioritize preparing families for what to expect during a child's dying process.

Cardiopatias , Neoplasias , Criança , Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos/psicologia , Atitude Frente a Morte , Morte , Pais/psicologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Neoplasias/psicologia
Subj. procesos cogn ; 27(1): 61-74, jun. 05, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1437808


The COVID-19 pandemic has increased deaths worldwide, with Argentina registering an excess of mortality from all causes of 10.6%, which has generated a considerable workload in the health sector, with workers being the most affected. One of the major consequences to which they were exposed has been the development of symptoms of depression. To observe how the variables of Fear of death, Spirituality, and Religiosity influence the possibility of developing symptoms of depression in the population of health workers, a quantitative, cross-sectional, and regression approach was used in a population of 200 healthcareworkers, with Fear of death being the most relevant explanatory variable, followed by Religiosity and Spirituality respectively to understand the model AU

La pandemia de COVID-19 ha incrementado las muertes alrededor del mundo, siendo el caso de Argentina el cual registra un exceso de mortalidad por todas las causas del 10,6%, lo que ha generado una carga de trabajo considerable en el sector salud, siendo los trabajadores los más afectados. Una de las principales consecuencias a las que estuvieron expuestos ha sido el desarrollo de síntomas de depresión. Para observar cómo las variables Miedo a la muerte, Espiritualidad y Religiosidad influyen en la posibilidad de desarrollar síntomas de depresión en la población de trabajadores de la salud, se utilizó un enfoque cuantitativo, transversal y de regresión en una población de 200 trabajadores de la salud, siendo el Miedo a la muerte la variable explicativa más relevante, seguida de la Religiosidad y la Espiritualidad respectivamente para entender el modelo AU

Humanos , Feminino , Atitude Frente a Morte , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Espiritualidade , Depressão/psicologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Ansiedade , Religião e Psicologia , Estresse Psicológico , Medo
Med. paliat ; 30(2): 51-57, abr.-jun. 2023. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-226342


Objetivo: Evaluar el miedo a la muerte y su relación con diversas variables sociodemográficas en estudiantes de enfermería. Método: El diseño del estudio fue de tipo descriptivo, observacional y transversal, basado en un enfoque cuantitativo con paradigma positivista. Los participantes fueron 443 estudiantes de primer a quinto año de enfermería de la Universidad de Chile, seleccionados por muestreo aleatorio estratificado por conglomerado. Se aplicó la Escala de Miedo a la Muerte de Collett-Lester validada en Chile a cada participante a través de un formulario enviado mediante mensajes masivos. Se aplicó estadística descriptiva. La investigación contó con la aprobación del Comité de Ética. Resultados: El miedo a la muerte promedio fue de moderado a alto (3,16 ± 1,43). La mayor puntuación se obtuvo en el miedo a la muerte de otros (3,64 ± 1,36). El temor percibido disminuye a medida que se progresa en el currículo, y la mayor puntuación se obtuvo en el género femenino. Conclusión: El nivel de miedo a la muerte guarda relación inversa con los años de formación en enfermería. Es fundamental contar con modificaciones curriculares que favorezcan la enseñanza sobre el final de la vida en estudiantes de pregrado y que puedan implementarse en el marco de la norma legal vigente en Chile. (AU)

Objective: To evaluate fear of death and its relationship with various sociodemographic variables in nursing students. Method: The study design was descriptive, observational, and cross-sectional, based on a quantitative approach with a positivist paradigm. The participants were 443 students from the first to the fifth year of nursing school at the University of Chile, selected by random sampling, stratified by cluster. The Collett-Lester Fear of Death Scale, validated in Chile, was applied to each participant through a form sent through mass messages using descriptive statistics. The Ethics Committee approved the research. Results: Average fear of death was moderate to high (3.16 ± 1.43). The highest score was obtained for fear of the death of others (3.64 ± 1.36). Perceived fear decreases as the curriculum progresses, and the female gender has a higher score. Conclusion: Fear of death is inversely related to the number of years in nursing training. It is essential to have curricular modifications that favor teaching about the end of life among undergraduate students. That can be implemented within the framework of the current legal norm in Chile. (AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Medo , Atitude Frente a Morte , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Estudos Transversais , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Universidades , Chile , Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida