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1.
Crit Care ; 28(1): 102, 2024 03 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553749

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) is a key outcome measure in healthcare. However, the heterogeneity in its definitions presents challenges in the objective evaluation of improvement. Universal questionnaires, tailored for a broad demographic group, inadequately represent the unique experiences of intensive care unit (ICU) survivors, including a lack of ability to discriminate issues related to QoL from issues that do not. METHODS: Using a 218-item, 13-domain provisional questionnaire, we assessed 395 adult ICU survivors, with a minimum 72-h stay at one of three Swedish university hospital ICUs, at 6 months to three years post-discharge. Their responses were compared to those of 195 controls, matched for age and sex and randomly recruited from the Swedish Population Registry. By multi-group exploratory factor analysis, we compared dimensionality in QoL perceptions between the two groups, emphasising patterns of correlation to 13 domain-specific QoL questions. Model fit was assessed using information criteria. Internal consistency reliability for each scale was determined using McDonald's omega or Cronbach's alpha. All analyses were conducted using Mplus, applying full information maximum likelihood to handle missing data. RESULTS: All domains except Cognition had a subset of questions correlating to the domain-specific QoL question in at least the ICU survivor group. The similarity between the two groups varied, with Physical health, Sexual health and Gastrointestinal (GI) functions mainly correlating the same issues to QoL in the two groups. In contrast, Fatigue, Pain, Mental health, activities of daily living, Sleep, Sensory functions and Work life showed considerable differences. In all, about one-fourth of the issues correlated to QoL in the ICU survivor group and about one-tenth of the issues in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: We found most issues experienced by ICU survivors to be unrelated to quality of life. Our findings indicate that the consequences of post-ICU issues may play a more significant role in affecting QoL than the issues themselves; issues restricting and affecting social life and work life were more related to QoL in ICU survivors than in non-ICU-treated controls. Caution is advised before associating all post-ICU problems with an effect on quality of life. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Ref# NCT02767180; Registered 28 April 2016.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Assistência ao Convalescente , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Alta do Paciente , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Sobreviventes
2.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 98(2): 579-591, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38427474

RESUMO

Background: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia. Its initially characterized by progressive short-term memory loss followed by cross-domain cognitive decline in later stages resulting in significant functional deficits and loss of activities of daily living (ADLs) independence. Apathy and depression are frequent neuropsychiatric sequelae in AD, but their contribution to functional deficits is poorly understood. Objective: We aimed to quantitatively investigate if apathy and depressive symptoms predict ADLs in AD. We also wanted to fractionate apathy dimensions by factor-analyzing the apathy evaluation scale (AES) and then investigate the dimensions' relation to ADLs. Methods: We recruited a sample of 115 patients with probable or possible AD and assessed them for depression, apathy, and ADLs alongside other measures. We hypothesized that apathy and depressive symptoms would predict ADLs and that AES items will load into cognitive, behavioral, and affective factors that would differentially relate to ADLs. Results: Our results indicated that apathy symptoms predict ADLs deficits. The AES items resolved into a three-factor solution but the manner of clustering diverged from that proposed by AES authors. When these factors were regressed simultaneously, only behavioral apathy predicted global ADLs. Distinguishing basic from instrumental ADLs showed that behavioral and cognitive apathy symptoms associate with ADLs deficits while affective symptoms do not. Conclusions: Our results highlight the influence of apathy on ADLs in AD. This has important implications for patient care considering the high prevalence of apathy in AD and other dementing illnesses.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Apatia , Transtorno Depressivo , Humanos , Doença de Alzheimer/psicologia , Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Transtorno Depressivo/complicações , Testes Neuropsicológicos
3.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 253, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38481136

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleep problems are frequently observed in older adults. They can lead to changes in the individual's physical, occupational, cognitive, and social functioning, compromising the performance of activities of daily living and contributing to the occurrence of functional disability. This study evaluated the association between sleep problems and functional disability in community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with data from 10,507 Brazilian community-dwelling older adults participating in the 2013 National Health Survey. The exposure variable was self-reported sleep problems in the last two weeks. The outcome measure was functional disability assessed from self-reported questionnaires, categorized into basic activities of daily living (BADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), and defined as not being able to perform or having little or a lot of difficulty in at least one of the activities investigated in the domain of interest. RESULTS: Older adults who reported sleep problems had 1.53 (95%CI: 1.34; 1.75) and 1.42 (95%CI: 1.26; 1.59) greater odds of having a disability in BADL and IADL when compared to individuals who reported having no sleep problems. CONCLUSIONS: Older adults with sleep problems were more likely to have a functional disability, both in BADL and IADL. Thus, it is important to implement strategies to screen for sleep problems in older adults in primary health care as a preventive strategy for functional disability.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Humanos , Idoso , Vida Independente , Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia
4.
JMIR Aging ; 7: e53240, 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38534042

RESUMO

Background: The societal burden of cognitive impairment in China has prompted researchers to develop clinical prediction models aimed at making risk assessments that enable preventative interventions. However, it is unclear what types of risk factors best predict future cognitive impairment, if known risk factors make equally accurate predictions across different socioeconomic groups, and if existing prediction models are equally accurate across different subpopulations. Objective: This paper aimed to identify which domain of health information best predicts future cognitive impairment among Chinese older adults and to examine if discrepancies exist in predictive ability across different population subsets. Methods: Using data from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey, we quantified the ability of demographics, instrumental activities of daily living, activities of daily living, cognitive tests, social factors and hobbies, psychological factors, diet, exercise and sleep, chronic diseases, and 3 recently published logistic regression-based prediction models to predict 3-year risk of cognitive impairment in the general Chinese population and among male, female, rural-dwelling, urban-dwelling, educated, and not formally educated older adults. Predictive ability was quantified using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and sensitivity-specificity curves through 20 repeats of 10-fold cross-validation. Results: A total of 4047 participants were included in the study, of which 337 (8.3%) developed cognitive impairment 3 years after baseline data collection. The risk factor groups with the best predictive ability in the general population were demographics (AUC 0.78, 95% CI 0.77-0.78), cognitive tests (AUC 0.72, 95% CI 0.72-0.73), and instrumental activities of daily living (AUC 0.71, 95% CI 0.70-0.71). Demographics, cognitive tests, instrumental activities of daily living, and all 3 recreated prediction models had significantly higher AUCs when making predictions among female older adults compared to male older adults and among older adults with no formal education compared to those with some education. Conclusions: This study suggests that demographics, cognitive tests, and instrumental activities of daily living are the most useful risk factors for predicting future cognitive impairment among Chinese older adults. However, the most predictive risk factors and existing models have lower predictive power among male, urban-dwelling, and educated older adults. More efforts are needed to ensure that equally accurate risk assessments can be conducted across different socioeconomic groups in China.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Disfunção Cognitiva , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , China/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7308, 2024 03 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38538651

RESUMO

Stroke may affect physical functioning, cognition, and mental and social aspects of one's life. Health literacy and self-efficacy are associated with positive health outcomes and are important factors for managing the diverse consequences of a stroke. However, there is very little literature on the association between health literacy and self-efficacy. This study aimed to investigate the association between health literacy and self-efficacy among stroke survivors 1 year after discharge from hospital. Participants in this cross-sectional study were patients diagnosed with a stroke, mainly a mild stroke, who were referred to rehabilitation in primary care after discharge from hospital in Sweden. Data was collected using questionnaires, performance-based tests, and medical records. Ordinal logistic regression was used to analyze the association between general self-efficacy and health literacy in adjusted models. The analysis revealed that higher levels of general self-efficacy and higher levels of performing activities of daily living were associated with higher levels of health literacy. Stroke survivors with higher general self-efficacy also report higher health literacy 1-year post-discharge from hospital. Future studies should focus on the pathways by which health literacy and general self-efficacy work among stroke survivors and in populations with low health literacy, severe stroke or significant cognitive impairments.


Assuntos
Letramento em Saúde , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Autoeficácia , Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Alta do Paciente , Assistência ao Convalescente , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Sobreviventes/psicologia
6.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1309401, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38384887

RESUMO

Objective: There is a lack of literature about the joint effects of activities of daily living (ADL) limitation and cognitive impairment on depression. This study aimed to estimate the association of ADL limitation and cognitive impairment with depression among Chinese older adults aged 65 and above and to test their interaction on both additive and multiplicative scales. Methods: Data was drawn from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS), including 11,025 eligible participants. Logistic regression models were fitted, and both multiplicative and additive interactions for ADL limitation and cognitive impairment were tested. Results: A total of 3,019(27.4%) participants reported depressive symptoms. After controlling for potential confounding factors, ADL limitation and cognitive impairment were both positively associated with depression. The adjusted additive interaction of basic and instrumental activities of daily living limitation were 2.47 (95%CI:1.92-3.19) and 3.67 (95%CI:2.88-4.66), respectively, but the multiplicative interaction items were both insignificant. Conclusion: ADL limitation and cognitive impairment were both risk factors for depression among Chinese older adults. Moreover, the significant interaction of ADL limitation and cognitive impairment was found in the additive model, suggesting that improving ADL may be helpful in reducing the risk of depression among older people with cognitive impairment.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Disfunção Cognitiva , Humanos , Idoso , Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Longevidade , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Cognição
7.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 203, 2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38418946

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Existing studies have used ADL and IADL separately as measures of dependency. However, dependency is a heterogeneous and complex issue, and the dependency of each older adult is a synergistic combination of several functional activities. In this study, we assess the pattern of multidimensional dependency of older adults based on ADL, IADL, visual impairment, difficulty in climbing a flight of stairs, pushing or pulling objects, depressive symptoms, cognitive impairment, marital status, and economic distress. It is important to classify the dependency status of older adults because this will be key to evaluating the needs for care, and plan services that effectively cater for the needs of the older adults. The classification into different latent classes means that older adults within each class have the same needs of dependency but different needs between the latent classes. Our objective is to identify patterns of multidimensional dependency in older adults. METHODS: Data from the Longitudinal Ageing Study in India (LASI) Wave-1, was used, the analytical sample consisted of 32,827 individuals of age 45 years and above. LCA was used to identify the multidimensional dependency class. LCA was conducted in R statistical package, using the poLCA package. The optimal number of classes was selected based on the comparison of model fit statistics. Independent variables were incorporated to explore the association between these variables and the latent class. RESULTS: Based on nine indicator variables, three latent classes were identified: "Active Older adults", "Moderately independent" and "Psychological and physically impaired". The "Active older adults" profile is comprised of older adults who have a very low probability of needing help for any ADL, IADL and other activities. The "Moderately independent" class were characterized as those older adults who were visually impaired but less likely to need help for IADL activities. The "Psychological and physically impaired", the smallest of all classes, comprised of older adults with poor dependency status. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we found that the dependency status of older adults which is based on several domains of functional activity has been classified into three distinct classes. These three classes have distinct physical, psychological, economic, and socio-demographic characteristics in terms of activities in which help is required.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Vida Independente , Humanos , Idoso , Vida Independente/psicologia , Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Envelhecimento , Índia/epidemiologia
8.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 97(4): 1777-1792, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38339927

RESUMO

Background: Executive functions (EF) are central to instrumental activities of daily living (IADL). A novel approach to the assessment of the impact of EF difficulties on IADL may be through the speech acts produced when performing IADL-inspired tasks in a laboratory-apartment. Speech acts may act as a window to the difficulties encountered during task performance. Objective: We aim to 1) qualitatively describe the speech acts produced by participants with mild neurocognitive disorder (mild NCD) and healthy controls (HC) as they performed 4 IADL-inspired tasks in a laboratory-apartment, and to then 2) compare their use in both groups. Methods: The participants' performance was videotaped, and speech acts produced were transcribed. Qualitative description of all speech acts was performed, followed by a deductive-inductive pattern coding of data. Statistical analyses were performed to further compare their use by mild NCD participants and HC. Results: Twenty-two participants took part in the study (n mild NCD = 11; n HC = 11). Meta-categories of data emerged from pattern coding: strategies, barriers, reactions, and consequences. Mild NCD participants used significantly more strategies and barriers than did HC. They were more defensive of their performance, and more reactive to their difficulties than HC. Mild NCD participants' verification of having completed all tasks was less efficient than controls. Conclusions: An assessment of speech acts produced during the performance of IADL-inspired tasks in a laboratory-apartment may allow to detect changes in the use of language which may reflect EF difficulties linked to cognitive decline.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Envelhecimento Saudável , Humanos , Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Fala , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Função Executiva , Testes Neuropsicológicos
9.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 145, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38342899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Internet use has both positive and negative effects on mental health. However, few studies have examined the association between internet use and mental health among older adults in developing countries. This study aimed to investigate the association between Internet use and depressive symptoms among older adults in two regions of Myanmar. METHODS: Data based on a visit to 1,200 older adults in urban and rural Myanmar were obtained through stratified random sampling using the cross-sectional baseline survey of the longitudinal study titled "Healthy and Active Aging in Myanmar." Our analysis included 1,186 participants. The dependent variable was depressive symptoms, and the 15-item version of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) was used as a continuous variable; the higher the score, the more likely a person was to be depressed. Internet use (one of the questions about household property ownership) was used as an independent variable. After confirming the absence of multicollinearity, we adjusted for age, gender, educational background, activities of daily living, residential area, and frequency of meeting friends, and stratified by subjective economic status (above or below average). We also examined the interaction between internet use and subjective economic status. A linear regression analysis was performed. RESULTS: Among the 1,186 participants included in the analysis (women: 59.5%; median age: 68 years old), 202 (17.0%) were Internet users (95% Confidential Interval [CI]: 0.15, 0.19), and they had significantly lower GDS scores than the participants who did not use the Internet (B: -1.59, 95% CI: -2.04, -1.13).GDS showed a negative association with Internet use even in the multivariate analysis (B: -0.95, 95% CI: -1.41, -0.50). However, the interaction term for GDS between Internet use and subjective economic status was not significantly associated (B: 0.43, 95% CI: -1.11, 1.98). CONCLUSIONS: Internet use and depressive symptoms were associated especially among the older adults. However, there were no significant interaction between Internet use and subjective economic status for GDS.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Depressão , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/complicações , Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Uso da Internet , Estudos Longitudinais , Mianmar/epidemiologia
10.
J Affect Disord ; 351: 518-526, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38307133

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that depressive symptoms in older adults was associated with functional disability, including basic activities of daily living (BADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs). However, little is known about the impact of different patterns of functional disability and new-onset functional disability on subsequent depressive symptoms. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of various patterns of functional disability and new-onset functional disability on depressive symptoms among Chinese older adults aged 60 years and above. METHOD: The study included 3242 older adults from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), which was conducted from 2011 to 2018. Cox proportional hazards models were used to investigate the associations between patterns of functional disability and depressive symptoms. The associations were also examined in the population with new-onset functional disability. RESULT: During 15,321 person-years of follow-up, 946 depressive symptoms occurred. The hazard ratios (HRs) of depressive symptoms were 1.29 (95 % confidence intervals [CI]: 1.05-1.58) for IADLs disability, 1.22 (95 % CI: 0.75-1.55) for BADLs disability, and 1.78 (95 % CI: 1.41-2.22) for both IADLs and BADLs disabilities. In the analysis of new-onset functional disability, the HRs were 1.50 (95 % CI: 1.06-2.13) for onset IADLs disability, 1.28 (95 % CI: 0.85-1.91) for onset BADLs disability, and 1.69 (95 % CI: 1.03-2.76) for both onset BADLs and IADLs disabilities. LIMITATIONS: Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, which has limitations in diagnosing clinical depression. CONCLUSION: Functional disability increases the risk of depressive symptoms, particularly impaired IADLs function. Psychological care for older adults with functional disability should be strengthened.


Assuntos
Depressão , Aposentadoria , Humanos , Idoso , Aposentadoria/psicologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Depressão/psicologia , Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , China/epidemiologia
11.
Am J Mens Health ; 18(1): 15579883231221390, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38311904

RESUMO

Exploring the post-injury lives of those who have survived gunshot wounds is essential to understanding the entire scope of firearm violence. The lives of Black male firearm violence survivors are transformed in various ways due to their injuries both visible and invisible. This study explored how Black men who suffer from disabilities via a firearm negotiated their masculine identities. Semi-structured, qualitative interviews were conducted with 10 violently injured Black men participating in a hospital-based violence intervention program. Survivors expressed their thoughts on how their injuries impacted their manhood and masculinities. Three themes emerged: (1) perceptions of manhood, (2) loss of independence and burden on others, and (3) and mobility. These themes highlighted and described how their lives were impacted post-injury and characterized their psychological and physical experience of recovery. The research findings suggest the need for more qualitative studies to further explore the relationship between firearm injury, Black masculinity, and perceptions of manhood. While Black men are understudied in health research and invisible in disability research, they continue to be hyper-invisible when discussing violently acquired disabilities.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Negro ou Afro-Americano , Pessoas com Deficiência , Masculinidade , Violência , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo , Humanos , Masculino , Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Negro ou Afro-Americano/psicologia , Negro ou Afro-Americano/estatística & dados numéricos , População Negra , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia , Armas de Fogo , Estado Funcional , Identidade de Gênero , Hospitalização , Limitação da Mobilidade , Violência/etnologia , Violência/prevenção & controle , Violência/psicologia , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/etnologia , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/psicologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa
12.
Geriatr Nurs ; 56: 32-39, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38211369

RESUMO

Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) serving as a transitional stage between normal aging and dementia. This study aimed to explore the impact of virtual reality (VR) on enhancing cognitive flexibility, working memory, and daily life activities. Forty participants diagnosed with MCI were randomly assigned to either an intervention group (N = 20) or a control group (N = 20). Evaluations were at baseline, post-training, and three months post-training using various cognitive assessment tools. Results showed that the VR-based cognitive rehabilitation significantly improved instrumental activities of daily living performance, visual and verbal working memory, and reduced anxiety and depression symptoms. While cognitive flexibility did not exhibit significant improvement, these findings highlight VR interventions as a potential avenue for improving cognitive and functional aspects, and alleviating psychological symptoms in individuals with MCI. Further research with larger sample sizes and extended follow-up periods is recommended to establish the long-term effectiveness of such interventions.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Demência , Realidade Virtual , Humanos , Demência/psicologia , Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Memória de Curto Prazo , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Cognição
13.
Geriatr Gerontol Int ; 24 Suppl 1: 221-228, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38239023

RESUMO

AIM: The study aimed to investigate the association of vitality, as measured using the vitality index (Vix), with the survival outcomes of older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia. METHODS: We analyzed data from 3731 patients in the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology - Life Stories of Individuals with Dementia cohort from July 2010 to September 2018. The main focus was to correlate Vix scores with the time from the initial visit to death. Vix was categorized into "moderately to severely impaired" (0-7 points), "mildly impaired" (8-9 points), and "normal" (10 points) groups. Survival outcomes were assessed using a Cox proportional hazards model, adjusted for various factors. We conducted a mediation analysis to evaluate the effect of body mass index (BMI), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), and basic activities of daily living (BADL) on the association between vitality and mortality. Stratified analysis was also conducted for the Mini-Mental State Examination groups. RESULTS: We included 2740 patients with an average follow-up of 1315 days. The mortality rate was 15.7%. The Vix distribution was 16% at 0-7 points; 40%, 8-9 points; and 44%, 10 points. Patients in the "moderately to severely impaired" category, characterized by lower Vix scores, exhibited notably higher mortality rates. Mediation effects emphasized the significant roles of BMI, IADL, and BADL in influencing survival outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Vitality significantly influences patient survival rates. The association between vitality and mortality seems to be mediated by IADL and BADL, which has significant clinical implications. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2024; 24: 221-228.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Demência , Humanos , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência , Demência/diagnóstico
14.
Asian J Psychiatr ; 93: 103924, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38232445

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Apathy is a common motivational deficit in neurodegenerative diseases, but lacks a culturally sensitive tool accounting for ethnic Chinese culture's impact on motivation initiation. This study developed and validated the Geriatric Apathy Scale (GAS), comprehensively incorporating cultural nuances, setting diagnostic cutoffs, and examining apathy's multi-dimensional aspects in a neurodegenerative cohort. METHODS: The 16-item GAS was developed by considering ethnic Chinese cultural characteristics and conducting a literature review. The study involved 296 participants, comprising 113 with Parkinson's disease (PD), 66 with Alzheimer's disease (AD), and 117 healthy controls (HC). All participants completed the GAS, Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15), Mini-Mental State Examination, and Activities of Daily Living (ADLs). RESULTS: The GAS showed good internal consistency (r = 0.862) and test-retest reliability (r = 0.767). It correlated moderately with the AES (r = 0.639, p < .001), weakly with GDS-15 (r = 0.166, p < .01), and negatively with ADLs (r = -1.19, p < .05). Clinical diagnosis cutoff scores were identified at 15.5 for PD (sensitivity: 0.789; specificity: 0.693) and 12.5 for AD (sensitivity: 0.821; specificity: 0.632). Noteworthy disparities were observed in the Cognition and Social Motivation dimension, with elevated severity in both PD and AD compared to HC (p < .01). Interestingly, within-group comparisons revealed greater apathy severity in the Cognition and Social Motivation dimension for PD (p < .001) and AD (p = .001) versus Emotional Response and Expression and Spontaneous Behavioral Activation. CONCLUSIONS: The GAS, a psychometrically validated scale, assesses apathy in neurodegenerative populations, accounting for ethnic Chinese culture's influence. It establishes clinical cutoff points and explores the multi-dimensional nature of apathy.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Apatia , Doença de Parkinson , Humanos , Idoso , Apatia/fisiologia , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Psicometria/métodos , Doença de Parkinson/psicologia , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico
15.
PLoS One ; 19(1): e0296245, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38165996

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quality of life studies in low- and middle-income countries have demonstrated the influence of socioeconomic factors on the quality of life (QoL). However, further studies are required to confirm this association in developing countries with rapidly ageing populations. Using Ferrans et al.'s QoL model, this study aimed to identify the factors associated with the QoL of community-dwelling adults in Indonesia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study among 546 community-dwelling adults aged 50+ years was conducted in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, in 2018. QoL was measured using the Short Form 12 questionnaire, which consists of a summary of physical and mental health. We performed stepwise logistic regression analyses to determine odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and examined the association between the QoL (physical and mental health) and demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, financial management behaviour, multimorbidity status, nutritional status, cognitive impairment status, depression status, and independence. Statistical significance was set at p<0.05. RESULTS: Among the respondents, 15% reported poor physical health, and 9.2% reported poor mental health. Good physical health was significantly associated with the absence of chronic disease (OR 2.39; 95% CI: 1.07-5.33), independence in activities of daily living (OR 3.90; 95% CI 1.57-9.67) and instrumental activities of daily living (OR 4.34; 95% CI 2.28-8.26). Absence of depression was significantly associated with good mental health (OR 2.80; 95% CI 1.3-5.96). CONCLUSION: The QoL of community-dwelling adults in Indonesia is associated with activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living, as well as the absence of chronic disease and depression. Efforts should be made to prevent chronic disease and delay functional decline through healthy lifestyles and routine physical and mental health screenings.


Assuntos
Vida Independente , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Adulto , Humanos , Vida Independente/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Indonésia/epidemiologia , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Doença Crônica
16.
BMC Psychiatry ; 24(1): 14, 2024 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38166717

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Higher stress is associated with higher levels of depression and instrumental-activities-of-daily-living (IADL) dependence, and depression is strongly associated with specific IADL disabilities. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to investigate the mediating effect of perceived stress on the association between depression and IADL dependence among older adults with diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: We examined baseline data collected from a longitudinal study that recruited 110 patients with DM aged ≥ 65 years from the endocrinology outpatient clinic of a district hospital. The instruments used for our measurement processes comprised a demographic data sheet and Chinese versions of the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), the short form of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-S), and the Lawton IADL Scale. We assessed the mediating effects of positive perceived stress (PPS) and negative perceived stress (NPS) after controlling for five covariates by using a regression-based model run through the SPSS macro PROCESS. RESULTS: We observed negative correlations between GDS-S scores and PPS and between PPS and IADL dependence; we noted positive correlations between GDS-S scores and NPS and between NPS and IADL dependence (all P < 0.01). The indirect effect is coefficient = 0.12, [95% confidence interval = (0.0, 0.33)], suggesting that PPS achieves a mediating effect between depressive symptoms and IADL dependence. However, the NPS does not achieve a mediating effect in the relationship between depressive symptoms and IADL dependence (coefficient = 0.06, 95% CI = - 0.03, 0.15). CONCLUSIONS: Personal PPS mediates the association between depression and IADL dependence in older adults with DM. This finding suggests that providing patients with psychological education to promote their PPS may help prevent their functional decline.


Assuntos
Depressão , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Humanos , Idoso , Estudos Longitudinais , Depressão/complicações , Depressão/psicologia , Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Estresse Psicológico/complicações
17.
Qual Life Res ; 33(2): 387-398, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37897642

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The present study aims to investigate the prospective effect of depressive symptoms on overall QoL in the oldest age group, taking into account its different facets. METHODS: Data were derived from the multicenter prospective AgeCoDe/AgeQualiDe cohort study, including data from follow-up 7-9 and n = 580 individuals 85 years of age and older. Overall QoL and its facets were assessed using the WHOQOL-OLD instrument. The short form of the geriatric depression scale (GDS-15) was applied to assess depressive symptoms. Cognitively impaired individuals were excluded. Linear mixed-effects models were used to assess the effect of depressive symptoms on QoL. RESULTS: Depressive symptoms were significantly associated with overall QoL and each of the different facets of WHOQOL-OLD, also after adjustment for time and sociodemographic characteristics such as age, gender, education, marital status, living situation, and cognitive status. Higher age and single as well as divorced marital status were also associated with a lower QoL. CONCLUSION: This work provides comprehensive longitudinal results on the relationship between depressive symptoms and QoL in the oldest age population. The results underscore the relevance of tailored and targeted care planning and the development of customized interventions.


Assuntos
Depressão , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Idoso , Depressão/psicologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos de Coortes , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia
18.
Psychogeriatrics ; 24(1): 46-57, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37885411

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: By 2050, the number of people aged 60 years and older will have doubled worldwide and the most common mental disorders in this age group are currently depressive symptoms and anxiety. This study aimed to analyze the Basic and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (BADLs and IADLs, respectively) in older adults; socio-demographic, clinical, lifestyle, and environmental variables; and cognitive impairment related to the appearance of depressive symptoms and anxiety. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted with 327 participants aged ≥65 years in primary care. The variables were Yesavage's Geriatric Depression Scale, the Goldberg Anxiety Subscale, socio-demographic, clinical, lifestyle, environmental variables, BADLs, IADLs, and the Spanish version of the Mini-Mental State Examination. RESULTS: An analysis of variance was carried out for the predictive multiple linear regression models. '≥ 1 chronic pathology' and 'low dependency' in BADL are negatively associated with anxiety, while 'physical activity' and 'low dependency' in BADL are associated with positive factors for depressive symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Predictor variables could improve the early detection of anxiety and depressive symptoms by general practitioners and serve as a basis for future studies and personalised-adapted cognitive stimulation programs.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Depressão , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Atenção Primária à Saúde
19.
J Oral Rehabil ; 51(3): 546-555, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38041598

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine effects of the observation of video-recorded chewing in a daily setting on mixing ability, cognition, activities of daily living, depressive symptoms and quality of life of older adults with dementia. METHODS: A clustered randomised controlled trial was carried out with residents from 14 residential care facilities. n = 56 participants' data were analysed. An experimental group watched videos of people chewing, displayed on tablet-PCs during lunch, while a control group watched videos of nature and buildings. This was scheduled to take place 5 days a week for 12 weeks. A two-colour chewing gum test was used to measure mixing ability, neuropsychological tests for cognition and questionnaires for the other outcomes. Effects were examined via hierarchical linear mixed model analyses for T1-T3 (i.e. pre-, halfway and post-intervention). When a significant interaction effect was found, T4 (follow-up) was also included. RESULTS: The experimental (n = 27) and control (n = 28) groups differed on a few variables at baseline. A significant Time*Group interaction effect was found for the Mini-Mental State Examination only (b = 1.18, t(48.35) = 2.53, p = .015), in favour of the experimental group. A significant effect was also found, albeit smaller, when T4 was included. CONCLUSION: One potential reason for the intervention effect on cognition is activation of specific brain areas. Some challenges associated with conducting this intervention in a daily setting are presented. Further research is required before a well-considered decision can be made regarding any potential implementation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Number: NTR5124. Date of registration: 30 March 2015, retrospectively registered (during participant inclusion).


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Demência , Humanos , Idoso , Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Mastigação , Cognição/fisiologia
20.
Arch Gerontol Geriatr ; 118: 105287, 2024 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38029545

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the era of rapid aging with a rising prevalence of multimorbidity, complex interactions between physical and psychological conditions have challenged the health care system. However, little is known about the association of the accumulation of chronic conditions and disability in activities of daily living with depressive symptoms, especially in developed countries. METHODS: This population-based cohort study used data from the Health and Retirement Study. A total of 22,335 middle-aged and older adults participated in the 2014 (T1), 2016 (T2), and 2018 (T3) waves of the cohort were included. The accumulation of chronic conditions and disability were defined as the number of chronic diseases and the five activities of daily living. Depressive symptoms were measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. A longitudinal mediation model with a cross-lagged panel model was run. As robust check, the models were applied with a longer follow-up period (from 2012 to 2018). Additionally, results were estimated in China. RESULTS: Bidirectional associations have been found among the accumulation of chronic conditions, disability, and depressive symptoms, especially between disability and depression. Disability (T2) mediated 11.11 % and 16.87 % of the association between the accumulation of chronic conditions (T1) and depression (T3) for men and women in the United States. The results were consistent in robust analysis. CONCLUSIONS: This study found that men and women routinely experienced disability and depressive symptoms because of the accumulation of chronic conditions. In terms of depressive symptoms, women were more sensitive to the accumulation of chronic conditions through disability.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Depressão , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Depressão/epidemiologia , Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Longitudinais , Doença Crônica , China/epidemiologia
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