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1.
Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being ; 18(1): 2143053, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36351569

RESUMO

PURPOSE: People with disabilities are less active and experience increased burden of disease compared to those without disabilities. Leisure time physical activity (LTPA) participation is strongly related to improved health in all populations. Despite this, research with amputees focuses heavily on prosthetic design and function, leaving amputees an under-represented population in LTPA and motivation research. This study explored the lived experiences of motivation to engage in LTPA among amputees. METHOD: Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) approach, influenced by understandings of embodiment and Self-Determination Theory (SDT), was used. Six people with lower extremity, acquired amputations created a photo-diary of their motivations to be active and participated in two in-depth interviews each. RESULTS: Study findings suggest motivations to be active among amputees are primarily influenced by personal relationships. Barriers, facilitators, and processes to be active provided insight into how LTPA participation may be affected by more than motivation. Embodiment was experienced as bodily integration of the prosthesis. CONCLUSIONS: There is evidence that the relationship between motivation and participation is not direct, but influenced by facilitators, barriers, and processes to be active. The results suggest strategies to increase activity among amputees by emphasizing LTPA with others, improving the built environment, and ensuring prosthesis fit.


Assuntos
Amputados , Pessoas com Deficiência , Humanos , Motivação , Atividades de Lazer , Exercício Físico
2.
BMC Psychol ; 10(1): 249, 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36333753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between wellbeing and personality has been studied extensively, but few studies have examined these in the period of adolescence and emerging adulthood. Moreover, the influence of contextual factors such as engagement in leisure activities are rarely considered. METHODS: The present study employs a combination of frequentist and Bayesian analyses to evaluate the concurrent impact of personality traits and leisure activities on five conceptions of wellbeing (life satisfaction; positive affect; negative affect; mental health; flourishing) in three cohorts of young people (aged 14-15; 16-17; 18-20 years). RESULTS: Personality traits were the only significant predictors of life satisfaction and negative affect, but leisure activities in the form of socialising or physical activity, in addition to personality traits, predicted positive affect, mental health and flourishing. Neuroticism was the largest predictor of wellbeing overall, whereas conscientiousness was the most consistent. Lower levels of wellbeing were also associated with higher levels of creative potential. CONCLUSIONS: The study not only confirms the importance of personality traits as predictors of wellbeing in adolescents and young adults, but also indicates the necessity to consider the impact of leisure activities in different conceptions of wellbeing. The negative relationship between creative potential and wellbeing is in line with the literature which shows a link between mental illness, particularly at subclinical levels, and creativity.


Assuntos
Atividades de Lazer , Personalidade , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente , Humanos , Adulto , Teorema de Bayes , Atividades de Lazer/psicologia , Neuroticismo , Saúde Mental
3.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 25(11): 1904-1910, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36412299

RESUMO

Backround: The world population is aging with the prolongation of the expected life expectancy. With the increase in the elderly population in the World, successful aging and leisure activities gained importance. Leisure activities contribute to successful aging by supporting an active lifestyle. Aim: This study was designed to examine the relationship between older adults' participation in leisure activities and successful aging indicators such as life satisfaction, happiness, mental well-being, depression, anxiety, and stress. Subjects and Methods: The sample of this one-group and pre-post experimental study consisted of 28 older adults. The data were collected using the Descriptive Information Form for the Older Adults, The Happiness, Depression-Anxiety-Stress, Satisfaction with Life, and Mental Well-being Scales. The older adults participated in activities such as bead stringing, rope tying, socks matching, rope knitting, chess, and checkers, according to their preferences, for 30-45 min daily for 7 weeks. Results: The Happiness Scale scores statistically significantly increased to 24.39 ± 5.15 (P = 0.027 <0.05) at post-test after the activity. Similarly, Life Satisfaction Scale scores increased significantly to 16.54 ± 3.49 after the activity (P = 0.001 <0.05). There was a statistically significant decrease in Depression and Stress Scale scores (depression P = 0.035 <0.05; stress P = 0.011 < 0.05); however, a statistically insignificant increase was seen in anxiety scores (P = 0.758 >0.05). A statistically insignificant increase was also found in the Mental Well-Being Scale post-test score (P = 0.103 >0.05). Conclusion: Although leisure activities, effective in successful aging, have a significant effect on the happiness, life satisfaction, depression, and stress levels of older adults, they have no significant effect on the levels of anxiety and mental well-being. To maintain the positive effects of leisure activities, which are effective on success and aging in older adults, these activities can be included in the programs of institutions where people of this age group live.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Atividades de Lazer , Humanos , Idoso , Satisfação Pessoal , Saúde Mental
4.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 2058, 2022 11 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36357862

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate environmental and social risk factors for myopia in children and adolescents in Germany. METHODS: 1437 children aged between 3 and 18 inclusive were examined as part of the LIFE Child study based in Leipzig, Germany. Information about leisure time activities and social status was ascertained by parents and children in a questionnaire. Refractive status was attained by measuring noncycloplegic autorefraction. Myopia was defined as spherical equivalent (SE) ≤ - 0.75 D. Risk factors were identified using multiple logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: In multiple logistic regression analysis, myopia was significantly associated with less frequent outdoor activity ("once a week" vs. "twice a week or more": odds ratio (OR) 4.35, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.89-9.98, p<0.01) and longer near work sessions (1-2 h vs. < 1 h: OR 1.83, CI 1.10-3.04, p=0.02; > 3 h vs. < 1 h: OR 3.71, CI 1.43-9.61, p<0.01) after adjustment for age, sex and socioeconomic status (SES). Duration of outdoor activity, near work frequency and SES showed no significant association with myopia (p > 0.05). Children with a lower SES were involved in longer periods of outdoor and near work activities but on fewer occasions over the course of the week, although this connection was not significant. CONCLUSION: Myopia is associated with environmental factors. The present findings suggest that daily exposure to sunlight and a restriction of long-duration near work activities might protect against pathological eye growth. Prevention strategies should be implemented for children at all ages.


Assuntos
Miopia , Criança , Adolescente , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Miopia/epidemiologia , Miopia/etiologia , Refração Ocular , Atividades de Lazer , Testes Visuais/efeitos adversos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Risco , Classe Social
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360689

RESUMO

Natural environments, such as inland waterways (IWs), have been identified as a potential means to increase physical activity and promote health and wellbeing. However, further information on predictors of IW usage and their relationship with health and wellbeing outcomes is needed. Data were taken from the cross-sectional UK Waterways Engagement Monitor survey of waterway users (n = 21,537) in 2019/2020. Health outcome measures were life satisfaction, physical activity, and mental wellbeing. Visit frequency was an additional outcome measure. Both bivariate and multivariable associations between outcome measures and features of IWs were explored. The travel-cost method was used to estimate users' demand, expressed by travel costs to waterways. Multivariable models showed positive associations of frequent visits and use for recreational/leisure purposes with life satisfaction and physical activity. Rural visits were associated with higher life satisfaction than urban ones. Lower visit satisfaction negatively impacted life satisfaction and mental wellbeing. Visit frequency was influenced by individual characteristics and purpose of visit, including visits for exercise. Waterway visits were inversely associated with travel costs (IRR = 0.99, p-value ≤ 0.001), and there was greater demand elasticity for short distances (≤5 miles). Socioeconomic-related inequalities were present. Future policies could enhance frequent use of waterways and alleviate accessibility-related inequalities to improve population health outcomes.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde , Saúde da População , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Atividades de Lazer , Reino Unido
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360725

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in leisure participation following stroke/transient ischaemic attack (TIA) and explore its relationship to modifiable and non-modifiable participant characteristics. DESIGN: An observational study design with self-report questionnaires collected at two time points (baseline and 6-months). SETTING: The study was conducted across 21 hospital sites in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were aged 18+ and had experienced a first or recurrent stroke or TIA and had a post-stroke/TIA modified Rankin score (mRS) of ≤3. PROCEDURE: Research practitioners at each site approached potential participants. Individuals who agreed to participate completed a baseline questionnaire whilst an inpatient or at a first post-stroke/TIA clinic appointment. A follow-up questionnaire was posted to participants with a freepost return envelope. Two questionnaires were developed that collected demographic information, pre-stroke/TIA mRS, social circumstances (e.g., employment situation) and incorporated the shortened Nottingham Leisure Questionnaire (sNLQ). RESULTS: The study recruited eligible participants (N = 3295); 2000 participants returned questionnaires at follow-up. Data showed three participant variables were significant predictors of engagement in leisure activities post-stroke/TIA: age, sex, and deprivation decile. There was an overall decline in the number and variety of leisure activities, with an average loss of 2.2 activities following stroke/TIA. Only one activity, "exercise/fitness" saw an increase in engagement from baseline to follow-up; watching TV remained stable, whilst participation in all other activities reduced between 10% and 40% with an average activity engagement reduction of 22%. CONCLUSIONS: Some groups experienced a greater reduction in activities than others-notably older participants, female participants, and those living in a low socioeconomic area. REGISTRATION: researchregistry4607. STRENGTHS AND LIMITATIONS OF THIS STUDY: 1. This is the largest-ever study to survey life and leisure activity engagement following stroke/TIA. 2. Survey responses were self-reported retrospectively and, therefore, may have been misreported, or misremembered. 3. Despite the large cohort, there were few participants, and so respondents, from ethnic minority groups.


Assuntos
Ataque Isquêmico Transitório , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Feminino , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/epidemiologia , Seguimentos , Etnicidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Grupos Minoritários , Atividades de Lazer
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36361295

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to explore whether religious tourism activities can create a safe leisure environment and improve the well-being of the elderly during the COVID-19 pandemic, with the participants in the Baishatun Mazu pilgrimage in Taiwan as the subjects of this study. A mixed research method was used. First, statistical software and the Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient were used to analyze the data. Then the respondents' opinions were collected. Finally, a multivariate analysis method was used to discuss the results of analysis. The findings showed that the elderly respondents thought that the epidemic prevention information and leisure space planning for the pilgrimage made them feel secure. The elderly believed the scenery, religious atmosphere, and commodities en route could reduce the perception of environmental risks to tourists, relieve pressure on the brain, and increase social opportunities. Therefore, the friendlier the leisure environment around the pilgrimage, the greater the leisure satisfaction among the elderly respondents. The happier the elderly felt, the less they considered the concentration of airborne contaminants, including viruses. The better their physical and mental health was, the less likely they were to want to ask for religious goods.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Satisfação Pessoal , Humanos , Idoso , Saúde Mental , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Turismo , Pandemias , Atividades de Lazer/psicologia
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36361466

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify barriers and facilitators to engagement when returning to, or participating in, leisure activity post-stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA). DESIGN: Sequential explanatory, mixed methods study. SETTING: 21 hospital sites across England, Wales and Northern Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: Adults with a clinical diagnosis of first/recurrent stroke or TIA. Patients approaching end of life were excluded. Participants were recruited as in-patients or at first clinic appointment and a baseline questionnaire was completed. A 6-month follow-up questionnaire was sent to participants for self-completion. Open-text questions were asked about barriers and facilitators when returning to, or participating in, leisure activity. Responses were thematically analysed and explored by participant characteristics, including type of leisure activity undertaken. Characteristics also included measures of socioeconomic deprivation, mood, fatigue and disability. RESULTS: 2000 participants returned a 6-month follow-up questionnaire (78% stroke, 22% TIA); 1045 participants responded to a question on barriers and 820 on facilitators. Twelve themes were identified and the proportion of responses were reported (%). Barriers: physical difficulties (69%), lower energy levels (17%), loss of independence (11%), psychological difficulties (10%), hidden disabilities (7%), and delay or lack of healthcare provision (3%). Facilitators: family support (35%), healthcare support (27%), well-being and fitness (22%), friendship support (20%), self-management (19%), and returning to normality (9%). 'Physical difficulties' was the most reported barrier across all participant characteristics and activity types. Family support was the most reported facilitator except for those with greater disability, where it was healthcare support and those without fatigue where it was well-being and exercise. CONCLUSIONS: Physical difficulties and lack of energy are problematic for stroke and TIA survivors who want to return to or participate in leisure activity. Healthcare support alone cannot overcome all practical and emotional issues related to leisure activity engagement. Family support and improving well-being are important facilitators and future research should explore these mechanisms further.


Assuntos
Ataque Isquêmico Transitório , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Adulto , Humanos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/psicologia , Fadiga , Atividades de Lazer , Pesquisa Qualitativa
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36429835

RESUMO

Since the workplace has become desk-based and leisure time has become dominated by digital relaxation modes, the world is moving at a pace where physical activity has become a time-bound routine. The negative effects of extended sitting are a global concern since the workforce is becoming more desk based. There is a dearth of reviews that may link the knowledge on the effects of sedentary behaviour on hypertension and its accompanying damage to the brain and blood vessels and provide a future scope for the investigations connected to the relationship between sedentary behaviour and hypertension. Methods: Based on the database search and extensive research we did, we found studies that concentrated on the adverse effects of sedentary behaviour in association with blood pressure, cognitive decline and brain damage on adults. Results: We extracted 12 articles out of 20,625. We identified the potential adverse effects of sedentary behaviour, methods to reduce sedentary behaviour and the positive changes on health due to the interventions introduced. Sedentary lifestyle has shown a decline in human health. However, the visible symptoms presented later in life makes it very important to know the areas of decline and look for ways to curb the decline or procrastinate it.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Comportamento Sedentário , Adulto , Humanos , Cognição , Exercício Físico , Atividades de Lazer , Hipertensão/epidemiologia
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36430044

RESUMO

Significant changes are taking place in the structure of tourism participants. Due to the ageing of societies, the tourism sector has to respond to the increasing tourist activity of seniors. The main aim of our research was the recognition of the needs of senior tourists from selected regions of Poland, considering their health and financial situation as well as their physical activity. The study shows how to combine the knowledge of assumptions of active ageing with the actual views of senior tourists on tourism and active leisure. An additional objective was to determine the reasons why seniors gave up tourism and to compare the reasons why seniors from selected regions of Poland and seniors from other European countries did not participate in tourism. Based on Eurostat data, we identify the most common reasons for people not participating in tourism who are over 65 years of age. In 2020, we surveyed seniors. The respondents for the sample were selected as 65 years and older. In order to compare countries due to exclusion and non-participation of seniors in tourism, the results classification was used. To analyse the touristic behaviours of Polish seniors, we used correspondence analysis. As indicated by analysing the reasons for the non-participation of Europeans aged 65 and over in tourism, in most countries, financial and health reasons are ranked first or second in 2016 and 2019. In a survey of Polish seniors, except for the financial reasons responsible for non-participation in tourism, an additional obstacle was the language barrier in foreign tourism. The analysis of physical and tourist activity showed that non-participation in tourism is associated with low physical activity. Women reported that they were satisfied with their financial independence and most often used the opportunity of short-term tourism. The people who are fully or largely involved in organising their trips also willingly change their locations during their next travels.


Assuntos
Condições Sociais , Turismo , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Viagem , Atividades de Lazer , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Health Promot Int ; 37(6)2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36377700

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to estimate the association between environmental variables and leisure-time physical activity levels in an adult population of a medium-sized city in Brazil. This is a cross-sectional study with a sample of 965 adults (20-59 years). Individual, socioeconomic, demographic and behavioral data were obtained through a population-based survey. Environmental data were collected through direct observation and subsequently georeferenced. The outcome variable was leisure-time physical activity level, dichotomized as insufficiently active (<150 min/week) and active (≥150 min/week). Physical activity-related facilities were categorized as public or private, and food outlets as healthy, unhealthy or mixed. Monthly per capita income and crime rate by census tract were used to categorize the social environment. Statistical analysis was performed using binary logistic regression (generalized estimating equation models). A direct association was found between the availability of public (adjusted OR = 2.16; 95% CI = 1.44-3.25) and private (adjusted OR = 1.21; 95% CI = 1.02-1.44) physical activity facilities in the census tract and leisure-time physical activity. A greater availability of mixed food establishments was associated with higher leisure-time physical activity levels (adjusted OR = 1.10; 95% CI = 1.004-1.22). Environmental characteristics can contribute together to leisure-time physical activity and could be the focus of policies aimed at promoting physical activity in middle-income countries.


This research estimated how leisure-time physical activity relates to environmental aspects in an adult population of a medium-sized city in Brazil. Nine hundred sixty-five adults (20­59 years) participated in a survey to give individual, socioeconomic, demographic and behavioral information. Researchers also directly observed the environment to collect data and subsequently georeferenced it, to further apply regression models (statistical analysis). Being active during leisure, (i.e. practicing 150 min/week or more), was related to having more public (city squares and outdoor gyms, walking areas and university campus) and private physical activity facilities (clubs, courts, sports halls, soccer fields and gyms), as well as having greater availability of mixed food establishments (restaurants, bakeries, supermarkets and hypermarkets). Therefore, environmental characteristics can contribute together to leisure-time physical activity and could be the focus of policies aimed at promoting physical activity in middle-income countries.


Assuntos
Atividades de Lazer , Características de Residência , Humanos , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Exercício Físico , Caminhada , Fatores Socioeconômicos
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36361033

RESUMO

The regular practice of physical activity (PA) can reduce the chance of aggravation of the disease and lower rates of hospitalization and mortality from COVID-19, but few studies have analyzed the association of PA with the risk of infection by SARS-CoV-2. The aim of the study was to analyze the association between PA and self-reported SARS-CoV-2 infection. A longitudinal study was conducted with data from 4476 ELSA-Brasil participants who had their PA analyzed twice, once in 2016-2018 and again in 2020. PA was identified using the IPAQ at both follow-up moments and categorized into four groups: (a) remained physically inactive (reference); (b) remained physically active; (c) became physically active in the second moment; and (d) became physically inactive in the second moment. The variables of age, sex, obesity, hypertension, diabetes and specific protective practices against COVID-19 were tested as possible confounders. Data were analyzed by logistic regression. A 95% confidence interval (CI) was used. Remaining physically active was associated with a 43% reduction in the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection only among those who used specific practices to protect against COVID-19, OR = 0.57 and CI = 0.32-0.99. The results suggested that regular practice of PA can reduce the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection, especially among those who have used specific practices to protect against COVID-19 during the pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudos Longitudinais , Exercício Físico , Atividades de Lazer
13.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 20344, 2022 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36437346

RESUMO

Self-assessment of health status is an important marker of social and health aspects. Haemodialysis is an option for renal replacement therapy that alters daily life and impacts social participation and the performance of tasks that give the subject a socially accepted role. In this scenario, leisure activities have the potential to generate well-being and are associated with several aspects of daily life, but few studies have analysed their relationship with the self-assessment of health status. This is a cross-sectional, census study with 1024 individuals from haemodialysis units of a Southeast Brazilian region, with the application of a questionnaire in 2019. We calculated the difference between the proportions of self-assessment of health status (positive and negative) and the two logistic regression models. The chances of individuals on haemodialysis negatively evaluating their health increase when they do not perform artistic leisure activities (OR 2.15; 95% CI 1.35-3.43), physical and sports activities (OR 3.20; 95% CI 1.86-5.52), intellectual (OR 2.21; 95% CI 1.44-3.41), manuals (OR 1.82; 95% CI 1.22-2.72), social (OR 2.74; 95% CI 1.74-4.31), tourist (OR 2.08; 95% CI 1.37-3.17) and idleness and contemplative (OR 1.92; 95% CI 1.29-2.85). Negative health self-assessment is associated with not practicing artistic, manual, physical and sporting, social, intellectual, tourist, and contemplative leisure activities, which have the function of providing social participation and giving meaning to life.


Assuntos
Atividades de Lazer , Autoavaliação (Psicologia) , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Nível de Saúde , Diálise Renal
14.
BMC Geriatr ; 22(1): 831, 2022 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319960

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The identification of factors that specifically influence pathological and successful cognitive aging is a prerequisite for implementing disease prevention and promoting successful aging. However, multi-domain behavioral factors that characterize the difference between successful and pathological cognitive aging are not clear yet. METHODS: A group of community-dwelling older adults (N = 1347, aged 70-88 years) in Beijing was recruited in this cross-sectional study, and a sub-cohort was further divided into successful cognitive aging (SCA, N = 154), mild cognitive impairment (MCI, N = 256), and cognitively normal control (CNC, N = 173) groups. Analyses of variance, regression models with the Shapley value algorithm, and structural equation model (SEM) analyses were conducted to determine specific influencing factors and to evaluate their relative importance and interacting relationships in altering cognitive performance. RESULTS: We found that abundant early-life cognitive reserve (ECR, including the level of education and occupational attainment) and reduced late-life leisure activity (LLA, including mental, physical, and social activities) were distinct characteristics of SCA and MCI, respectively. The level of education, age, mental activity, and occupational attainment were the top four important factors that explained 31.6% of cognitive variability. By SEM analyses, we firstly found that LLA partially mediated the relationship between ECR and cognition; and further multi-group SEM analyses showed ECR played a more direct role in the SCA group than in the MCI group: in the SCA group, only the direct effect of ECR on cognition was significant, and in the MCI group, direct effects between ECR, LLA and cognition were all significant. CONCLUSIONS: Results of this large-sample community-based study suggest it is important for older adults to have an abundant ECR for SCA, and to keep a high level of LLA to prevent cognitive impairment. This study clarifies the important rankings of behavioral characteristics of cognitive aging, and the relationship that ECR has a long-lasting effect on LLA and finally on cognition, providing efficient guidance for older adults to improve their cognitive function and new evidence to explain the heterogeneity of cognitive aging.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento Cognitivo , Disfunção Cognitiva , Reserva Cognitiva , Humanos , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Atividades de Lazer , Cognição , Envelhecimento/psicologia
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36231234

RESUMO

This study focuses on the disparities in Chinese online use behaviours (frequency and diversity) based on educational background and socioeconomic status over 10 years to reveal the Chinese digital inclusion process. We used the China Family Panel Studies (CFPS) 2010 and 2018 panels and considered the time and cohort effects separately. Ordinary least squares analysis revealed usage frequency. The generalized partial proportional odds model demonstrated participants' prioritization of online study, work, entertainment, and social activity. The results show that the profile of the individuals with the most time spent online has changed from those with high education and income levels to mid-range education and income levels. Individuals with high education and income levels prefer to use the internet for studying and working. There are no clear preference differences between entertainment and social activities amongst most educational backgrounds and socioeconomic statuses. Regarding frequency of internet use, digital inclusion has spread downwards from the upper to the middle classes. Regarding diverse internet uses, upper-class individuals prefer to conduct capital-enhancing activities, and youth remain the main force for diverse online activities; however, over time, middle-aged groups have increased their capital-enhancing activities, and older adults have increased their digital social activities.


Assuntos
Atividades de Lazer , Classe Social , Adolescente , Idoso , China , Humanos , Internet , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Comportamento Social
16.
Cad Saude Publica ; 38(9): e00062622, 2022.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36228274

RESUMO

This study aimed to identify neighborhood profiles perceived by adolescents and young adults and estimate their association with global and leisure-time physical activity. Data from 1,637 individuals aged 15 to 24 years were taken from a cross-sectional study with cluster sampling, conducted in a city in the State of Bahia, Brazil, in 2011. Physical activity was measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), short version, in addition to a question about leisure activities. The perception of characteristics of the physical and social environment of the neighborhood was based on a scale with 14 questions. Neighborhood profiles were defined through latent class analysis (LCA), and the estimation of their effects on physical activity used a model with distal outcomes. The latent profile analysis resulted in three neighborhood patterns, described as "urban, sociable, and favorable to physical activity - class 1" (39.6%); "sociable and safe - class 2" (24.4%), "insecure, low sociability - class 3" (36%). Individuals belonging to "class 1" showed the highest probability to exercise (56.4%), while for classes 2 and 3 these percentages corresponded to 46.3% and 42.8%, respectively. A statistically significant association was identified only in the "urban, sociable and favorable to physical activity" class, whose chance of performing leisure activities was 72% (OR = 1.72; 95%CI: 1.29-2.29). Neighborhoods with attributes that favor the practice of physical activity and the existence of urbanization elements increase the chance of active leisure behavior among adolescents and young adults. The use of LCA and the model with distal outcomes are promising and innovative in neighborhood approaches.


Os objetivos do estudo foram identificar perfis de vizinhança percebidos por adolescentes e adultos jovens, e estimar sua associação com a realização de atividade física global e de lazer. Utilizaram-se dados de 1.637 indivíduos entre 15 e 24 anos, de um estudo transversal, com amostragem por conglomerados, de uma cidade do Estado da Bahia, Brasil, em 2011. A atividade física foi mensurada pelo International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), versão curta, além de questão sobre atividade no lazer. A percepção de características do ambiente físico e social da vizinhança se baseou em escala com 14 questões. Perfis de vizinhança foram definidos por meio de análise de classes latentes (LCA), e a estimação dos seus efeitos na atividade física usou o modelo com respostas distais. A análise de perfil latente resultou em três padrões de vizinhança, descritos como "urbana, sociável e favorável à atividade física - classe 1" (39,6%); "sociável e segura - classe 2" (24,4%); e "insegura, de baixa sociabilidade - classe 3" (36%). Os indivíduos pertencentes à "classe 1" apresentaram maior probabilidade de se exercitar (56,4%), enquanto, para as classes 2 e 3, estes percentuais corresponderam a 46,3% e 42,8%, respectivamente. Associação estatisticamente significante foi identificada apenas na classe "urbana, sociável e favorável à atividade física", cuja chance de realizar atividade de lazer foi de 72% (OR = 1,72; IC95%: 1,29-2,29). Bairros com atributos favoráveis à prática de atividade física e a existência de elementos de urbanização aumentam a chance do comportamento ativo no lazer entre os adolescentes e adultos jovens. O uso de LCA e do modelo com repostas distais é promissor e inovador na abordagem sobre vizinhança.


Los objetivos del estudio fueron identificar los perfiles de vecindario percibidos por los adolescentes y los adultos jóvenes y estimar su asociación con la realización de actividad física global y de ocio. Se utilizaron datos de 1.637 individuos entre 15 y 24 años, procedentes de un estudio transversal, con muestreo por conglomerados, de una ciudad del estado de Bahia, Brasil, en 2011. La actividad física se midió mediante el International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), versión corta, además de una pregunta sobre actividad en el ocio. La percepción de las características del entorno físico y social del vecindario se basó en una escala con 14 preguntas. Los perfiles de la vecindad se definieron a través del análisis de clase latente (ACL), y la estimación de sus efectos sobre la actividad física utilizó el modelo con respuestas distales. El análisis de perfil latente dio como resultado tres patrones de vecindario, descritos como "urbano, sociable y favorable a la actividad física - clase 1" (39,6 %); "sociable y seguro - clase 2" (24,4 %), "inseguro, de baja sociabilidad - clase 3" (36%). Los individuos pertenecientes a la "clase 1" presentaron la mayor probabilidad de hacer ejercicio (56,4 %), mientras que para las clases 2 y 3 estos porcentajes correspondieron a 46,3 % y 42,8 %, respectivamente. Solamente se identificó una asociación estadísticamente significativa en la clase "urbana, sociable y favorable a la actividad física", cuya probabilidad de realizar actividad de ocio fue de 72 % (OR = 1,72; IC95%: 1,29-2,29). Los barrios con atributos favorables para la actividad física y la existencia de elementos de urbanización aumentan la posibilidad de un comportamiento activo en el ocio entre los adolescentes y los adultos jóvenes. El uso de ACL y el modelo con respuestas distales son enfoques prometedores e innovadores para la vecindad.


Assuntos
Atividades de Lazer , Características da Vizinhança , Adolescente , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Planejamento Ambiental , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Características de Residência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Caminhada , Adulto Jovem
17.
Int J Public Health ; 67: 1605139, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36204008

RESUMO

Objective: This study analyzed the association of high blood pressure (HBP) with physical activity, sedentary behavior, and sedentary breaks in 2-year follow-up. Methods: A sample of 331 middle-aged and older adults (mean age of 59.6 ± 17.3 years) was randomly selected and assessed at baseline and after 2 years of follow-up. HBP was considered as ≥140/90 mmHg values of systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Physical activity, sedentary behavior, and sedentary breaks were assessed by questionnaire. Age, sex, socioeconomic status, and body mass index were covariates. Results: Continuous HBP was observed in 26.3% of sample between baseline and follow-up. Adults who reported continuously high sedentary breaks at leisure activities were less likely to have HBP (OR = 0.34, p = 0.011), as well as those who remained high physically active (OR = 0.41, p = 0.016), even after mutual adjustment. No association was observed between high sedentary behavior and HBP at follow-up. Conclusion: Community dwelling adults who were high active and performed frequent sedentary breaks were less likely to have HBP in 2-year follow-up. Strategies for HBP control should considered both physical activities and leisure sedentary breaks in adult population.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Comportamento Sedentário , Adulto , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Vida Independente , Atividades de Lazer , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
18.
Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being ; 17(1): 2131216, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36203401

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The proportion of foreign players in global sports industries has steadily increased in the last decade. This qualitative study aims to capture the benefits of leisure activities for the social and psychological health of international volleyball players affiliated with South Korean volleyball leagues. METHOD: A purposeful criterion sampling strategy was employed in this qualitative study. Findings: Based on semi-structured interviews with 12 participants, in this study three major themes pertaining to leisure benefits are identified: (a) new leisure opportunities and coping, (b) inter-intra group friendships, and (c) acculturation. CONCLUSIONS: These benefits can contribute to social and psychological health for the participants. Practical implications of this study and suggestions for health professionals, sports psychologists, and team counsellors are discussed.


Assuntos
Voleibol , Aculturação , Adaptação Psicológica , Humanos , Atividades de Lazer/psicologia , República da Coreia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
19.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3)set-dez. 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399508

RESUMO

O processo de envelhecimento, geralmente, desencadeia mudanças físicas e psicológicas na população idosa, porém, isto não deve ser considerado um fator limitador da sua sexualidade. O objetivo desta pesquisa é conhecer a percepção dos idosos sobre sexualidade e saúde sexual no processo de envelhecimento. Trata-se de uma pesquisa exploratória, descritiva, explicativa, de campo, com caráter qualitativo, realizada com idosos residentes em um condomínio social no município de Francisco Beltrão, Paraná. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevistas parcialmente estruturada, onde as perguntas e as respostas foram gravadas com o uso de dispositivo eletrônico e transcritas posteriormente. Os resultados demonstraram prevalência de idosos do sexo feminino (80%), com faixa etária entre 64 e 85 anos (70%), brancos (70%), casados (50%), com ensino fundamental incompleto (40%) aposentados e com renda de 1 salário mínimo (90%). Observou-se baixa escolaridade na maioria dos idosos e desconhecimento quanto a distinção entre sexualidade e o ato sexual, além do risco de contaminação por infecções sexualmente transmissíveis, pela não utilização de preservativo nas relações sexuais. O estudo revelou que ainda há carência de conhecimentos quanto a sexualidade da pessoa idosa, com uma visão estereotipada da sexualidade na velhice, como não sendo importante, tornando-se primordial o desenvolvimento de medidas políticas que possam conscientizar esse público.


The aging process usually triggers physical and psychological changes in the elderly population; however, this should not be considered a limiting factor for their sexuality. The objective of this research is to know the perception of the elderly about sexuality and sexual health in the aging process. This is an exploratory, descriptive, explanatory, field research, with qualitative character, carried out with elderly residents in a social condominium in the municipality of Francisco Beltrão, Paraná. Data were collected through partially structured interviews, where questions and answers were recorded using an electronic device and later transcribed. The results showed a prevalence of elderly females (80%), aged between 64 and 85 years (70%), white (70%), married (50%), with incomplete elementary school education (40%) retired and with an income of 1 minimum wage (90%). It was observed low schooling in most of the elderly and lack of knowledge about the distinction between sexuality and sexual intercourse, besides the risk of contamination by sexually transmitted infections, by not using condoms during sexual intercourse. The study revealed that there is still a lack of knowledge regarding the sexuality of the elderly, with a stereotypical view of sexuality in old age, as not being important, making it paramount the development of policy measures that can raise awareness of this public.


El proceso de envejecimiento suele desencadenar cambios físicos y psicológicos en la población de edad avanzada, sin embargo, esto no debe considerarse un factor limitante de su sexualidad. El objetivo de esta investigación es conocer la percepción de los mayores sobre la sexualidad y la salud sexual en el proceso de envejecimiento. Se trata de una investigación exploratoria, descriptiva, explicativa, de campo, con carácter cualitativo, realizada con ancianos residentes en un condominio social en el municipio de Francisco Beltrão, Paraná. Los datos se recopilaron mediante entrevistas parcialmente estructuradas, en las que las preguntas y las respuestas se grabaron con el uso de un dispositivo electrónico y se transcribieron posteriormente. Los resultados muestran una prevalencia de individuos de sexo femenino (80%), con una edad de entre 64 y 85 años (70%), con un nivel de vida bajo (70%), casados (50%), con una educación básica incompleta (40%) y con un salario mínimo (90%). Se observó una baja educación en la mayoría de los ancianos y falta de conocimiento sobre la distinción entre sexualidad y acto sexual, además del riesgo de contaminación por infecciones de transmisión sexual, al no utilizar preservativos en las relaciones sexuales. El estudio reveló que aún existe un desconocimiento sobre la sexualidad de las personas mayores, con una visión estereotipada de la sexualidad en la vejez, como si no fuera importante, por lo que es primordial el desarrollo de medidas políticas que puedan sensibilizar a este público.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Percepção/fisiologia , Idoso/fisiologia , Sexualidade , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Saúde do Idoso , Preservativos , Saúde Sexual/educação , Atividades de Lazer/psicologia
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36294231

RESUMO

Blue-collar workers have, on average, poorer health than white-collar workers. Existing worksite health promotion programs (WHPPs) are often not successful among blue-collar workers. This study evaluates the effect of the Citizen Science-based WHPP on the targeted lifestyle behaviors among construction workers. The data of 114 participants were retrieved from questionnaires before (T0) and after (T1) the WHPP. Outcome measures were mean and categorical changes in daily fruit and vegetable intake and weekly leisure time physical exercise. Changes were tested using Wilcoxon signed rank tests and McNemar tests. No statistically significant changes were found between T0 and T1. In total, 73.7% of the participants felt involved in the WHPP. Changes in the outcome measures were not significantly different between subgroups based on age, nor in subgroups based on feelings of involvedness. The low intensity of the developed program could be an explanation for this lack of significant change. Future studies using the Citizen Science approach in an occupational setting should aim at developing a more intensified program and should test its effectiveness by comparing changes in a (randomized) controlled trial.


Assuntos
Ciência do Cidadão , Local de Trabalho , Humanos , Verduras , Frutas , Promoção da Saúde , Exercício Físico , Atividades de Lazer
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