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1.
Rev. SPAGESP ; 21(2): 97-110, jul.-dez. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1125734

RESUMO

A literatura menciona a importância do lazer na vida em família, ressaltando as interações significativas que promove e suas contribuições ao bem-estar da família. Buscou-se compreender a vivência do lazer a partir da perspectiva do grupo familiar, descrevendo as possíveis influências da experiência do lazer na dinâmica das mesmas. Participaram três famílias, que responderam a um questionário sociodemográfico e a uma entrevista do grupo familiar, além de terem produzido registros fotográficos de momentos de lazer. Para análise das entrevistas, incluindo os relatos acerca das fotografias, utilizou-se a Análise de Conteúdo. Verificou-se que as famílias descreveram atividades e concepções de lazer diversas e que todas mencionaram os efeitos positivos que a vivência coletiva do lazer gera às suas dinâmicas, favorecendo a convivência, o diálogo e a alegria. No entanto, as limitações de tempo, dinheiro, de acesso a opções de lazer e de conciliação das demandas de gerações diferentes foram descritos como empecilhos para a vivência familiar do lazer. Conclui-se refletindo acerca das implicações dos achados para políticas públicas de lazer e para uma educação para o lazer.


The literature mentions the importance of leisure in family life, highlighting the significant interactions it promotes and its contributions to family well-being. It sought to understand the experience of leisure from the perspective of the family group, describing the possible influences of the experience of leisure on their dynamics. Three families participated, who answered a sociodemographic questionnaire and an interview of the family group, besides having produced photographic records of leisure moments. For the analysis of the interviews, including the reports about the photographs, the Content Analysis was used. It was verified that the families described various leisure activities and conceptions and that all mentioned the positive effects that the collective experience of leisure generates to their dynamics, favoring the coexistence, the dialogue, and the joy. However, the limitations of time, money, access to leisure options, and the conciliation of the demands of different generations were described as impediments to the family experience of leisure. We conclude by reflecting on the implications of the findings for leisure public policies and leisure education.


En la literatura se menciona la importancia de la recreación en la vida familiar, destacando las importantes interacciones que promueve y sus contribuciones al bienestar de la familia. Trató de comprender la experiencia de recreación desde la perspectiva del grupo familiar, describiendo las posibles influencias de la experiencia de recreación en su dinámica. Participaron tres familias que respondieron a un cuestionario sociodemográfico y a una entrevista del grupo familiar, además de haber producido registros fotográficos de los momentos de recreación. Para el análisis de las entrevistas, incluyendo los informes sobre las fotografías, se utilizó el Análisis de Contenido. Se comprobó que las familias describían diversas actividades y concepciones de recreación y que todas mencionaban los efectos positivos que la experiencia colectiva de recreación genera a sus dinámicas, favoreciendo la convivencia, el diálogo y la alegría. Sin embargo, las limitaciones de tiempo, dinero, acceso a opciones de recreación y la conciliación de las demandas en las diferentes generaciones se describieron como impedimentos para la experiencia familiar de recreación. Concluimos reflexionando sobre las implicaciones de los hallazgos para las políticas públicas de recreación y para la educación del recreación.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Qualidade de Vida , Recreação , Família , Características da Família , Relações Familiares , Fertilização , Atividades de Lazer
2.
Rev. SPAGESP ; 21(2): 83-96, jul.-dez. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1125733

RESUMO

Este estudo descritivo exploratório investigou a prevalência de Prática de Atividades Prazerosas (PAP), bem-estar Subjetivo (BES), Depressão e Solidão em 59 idosos provenientes de grupos de convivência. Foram aplicados: Questionário Sociodemográfico, Escal a de Atividades Instrumentais da Vida Diária de Pfeffer, Escala de Afetos Negativos e Positivos, Escala de Satisfação com a Vida, Escala de Depressão Geriátrica - versão reduzida, Escala Brasileira de Solidão e OPPES-BR. Os idosos da amostra eram majoritar iamente mulheres, jovens idosos, viúvos, escolarizados, com bom estado funcional e que avaliavam sua saúde de forma positiva. A amostra apresentou médias altas para PAP e BES e médias baixas para solidão e depressão. Grupos de convivência favorecem a saúde mental de idosos e contribuem para o envelhecimento bem-sucedido, uma vez que esses espaços fornecem oportunidades de suporte social, engajamento em atividades prazerosas e experiência de sentimentos positivos.


This descriptive and exploratory study investigated the prevalence of Involvement in Pleasant Events, Subjective Well-Being, Depression, and Loneliness in 59 elderly from social groups without apparent cognitive impairment. A sociodemographic questionnaire, the Pfeffer Index, the Negative and Positive Affect Scale, the Life Satisfaction Scale, the Geriatric Depression Scale - reduced version, the Brazilian Loneliness Scale, and OPPES-BR were applied. The elderly were mostly women, young, widowed, educated, with a good functional state, and with a positive health evaluation. Participants showed high levels of Involvement in Pleasant Events and Subjective Well Being, and low levels of loneliness and depression. Social groups provide opportunities for social support, engagement in pleasant events, positive emotions and may contribute to the elderly's mental health and successful aging.


Este estudio exploratorio descriptivo investigó la prevalencia de la práctica de actividad placentera (PAP), el bienestar subjetivo (BES), la depresión y la soledad en 59 personas mayores proveniente de grupos sociales. Se aplicaron el Cuestionario sociodemográfico, la Escala de actividades instrumentales de la vida diaria de Pfeffer, la Escala de afectos negativos y positivos, la Escala de satisfacción con la vida, la Escala de depresión geriátrica - versión reducida, la Escala de soledad brasileña y OPPES-BR. Los ancianos de la muestra eran en su mayoría mujeres, ancianos más jóvenes, viudos, escolarizados, con buen estado funcional y que evaluaron positivamente su salud. En general, los ancianos tenían altas tasas de PAP y BES y bajas tasas de soledad y depresión. Los grupos sociales favorecen la salud mental de las personas mayores y contribuyen al envejecimiento exitoso, ya que estos espacios traen oportunidades de apoyo social, participación en actividades placenteras y experiencia de sentimientos positivos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Satisfação Pessoal , Apoio Social , Avaliação em Saúde , Envelhecimento , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Viuvez , Afeto , Depressão , Disfunção Cognitiva , Promoção da Saúde , Atividades de Lazer , Solidão
3.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 23: e200099, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053092

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the temporal trend of practicing physical exercise and sports during leisure time in adults in São Paulo between 2006 to 2016. METHODS: Time series analysis study using the VIGITEL System. Adding up the number of people who participated each year, a total 21,357 people were studied. Analyzes of the physical exercises and sports practiced during leisure time (yes or no) stratified by sex, age and education were performed. The prevalences and the differences for all of the years were calculated using the Prains-Winster regression. RESULTS: Practice of physical exercises or sports increased by 7.9 percentage points in the period (p = 0.003) (from 39.9% 95%CI 37.4 - 42.4 to 47.8% 95%CI 45.2 - 50.4). There was a significant increase for women (p = 0.011), for people between 18-24 years old (p = 0.001), 25-34 years old (p = 0.003), 45-54 years old (p = 0.003), and for people with up to eight years of schooling (p = 0.010). There was a decrease in walking and playing soccer and there was an increase in doing gymnastics. CONCLUSION: There was an increase in the practice of physical exercise and sports during leisure time in adults from São Paulo. These increases were observed mainly in women, in people between 18 and 34 years old, between 45 and 54 years old, and in people with up to eight years of schooling. These results are important, as they have shown an increase in general and in more vulnerable groups, and may be related to environmental changes and interventions that have occurred in the city in the last 15 years.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Atividades de Lazer , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atividade Motora , Adulto Jovem
4.
Rev Prat ; 70(6): 683-686, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058619

RESUMO

Developmental coordination disorder. The diagnosis of dyspraxia or developmental coordination disorder is based on motor coordination skills significantly below the expected level for the age of the child, assessed by a validated and standardized motor skills scale. This deficit must have an impact on activities of daily life, leisure and academic achievement. It should not be secondary to a neurological condition. It is a common disorder with a prevalence around 5%. The diagnosis is based on questioning of the family and the child, a clinical examination and an evaluation with standardized tools of motor skills and writing. It requires the intervention of a doctor, if possible trained in neurodevelopmental disorders, and of an occupational therapist. Interventions should focus on activities that are essential to the child's daily and school life.


Assuntos
Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras , Criança , Família , Humanos , Atividades de Lazer , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/diagnóstico , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/epidemiologia , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/terapia , Prevalência
5.
Rev Prat ; 70(5): 548-554, 2020 May.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058646

RESUMO

Prevention of osteo-articular lesions in amateur and leisure sports. Physical exercise and sport are now recognized by the World Health Organisation and the ministry of Health as non-drug therapy/treatment for many pathologies. Its use implies an increase in the number of sportsmen and therefore, statistically, an increase in the risk of osteoarticular lesions. Before starting, it is advisable to carry out a check-up to determine non-contraindication, as well as particularities and patient's preference for one or more sports. To avoid injuries and allow the regularity necessary for an efficient treatment, preventive measures must be taken. Major preventive measures consist in choosing one or several sports practiced in a safe environment and in well-qualified instructors to teach correct technique, advise on the right equipment, manage the intensity and frequency of each session to allow progression, and give precautions to be followed regarding weather and pollution conditions. Others preventive measures are those of competitive sports: warming-up, stretching, active recovery, sleep, hydration and nutrition also apply to every athlete no matter his or her level. Certain preventive measures are specific according to morphology or traumatic pathologies, such as orthosis, and others to age, young and old, or the level of the athlete.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Esportes , Atletas , Traumatismos em Atletas/prevenção & controle , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Atividades de Lazer
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096689

RESUMO

This study utilizes the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) variables-including "attitude," "subjective norms," and "perceived behavioral control"-to understand the relationship between mask-wearing behavior and physical/non-physical leisure activity participation in Koreans as well as the tendencies behind mask-wearing intentions within leisure activities. The measurement tools used attitude, subjective norms, control, and mask use intention factors based on the TPB. Overall, 545 individuals participated, and the non-overlapping regions, sex, and age were considered through the stratified sampling method. The survey was conducted online owing to COVID-19, and collected data were derived through descriptive and multiple linear regression analyses. First, a difference in mask-wearing intention based on physical and non-physical leisure activities was identified; second, attitudes and perceived behaviors were considered in light of the dangers posed by COVID-19. It was found that control influences the tendency of intention to wear a mask depending on whether the group was engaged in physical or non-physical activity. Therefore, it can be stated that mask-wearing must be mandatory during physical and non-physical activities owing to respiratory diseases such as COVID-19. It is also important to simultaneously promote a positive attitude toward mask-wearing to enable people to believe that they can stay in full control of their own health.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Atividades de Lazer , Máscaras/tendências , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Teoria Psicológica , República da Coreia
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036351

RESUMO

The new corona virus infection SARS-CoV2 which was later renamed COVID-19 is a pandemic affecting public health. The fear and the constraints imposed to control the pandemic may correspondingly influence leisure activities, such as birding, which is the practice of observing birds based on visual and acoustic cues. Birders are people who carry out birding observations around the globe and contribute to the massive data collection in citizen science projects. Contrasting to earlier COVID-19 studies, which have concentrated on clinical, pathological, and virological topics, this study focused on the behavioral changes of birders. A total of 4484 questionnaire survey responses from 97 countries were received. The questionnaire had an open-ended style. About 85% of respondents reported that COVID-19 has changed their birding behavior. The most significant change in birdwatchers' behavior was related to the geographic coverage of birding activities, which became more local. People focused mostly on yard birding. In total, 12% of respondents (n = 542 cases) reported having more time for birding, whereas 8% (n = 356 cases) reported having less time for birding. Social interactions decreased since respondents, especially older people, changed their birding behavior toward birding alone or with their spouse. Women reported more often than men that they changed to birding alone or with their spouse, and women also reported more often about canceled fieldtrips or society meetings. Respondents from higher developed countries reported that they spend currently more time for birding, especially for birding alone or with their spouse, and birding at local hotspots. Our study suggests that long lockdowns with strict regulations may severely impact on leisure activities. In addition, a temporal and spatial shift in birding due to the pandemic may influence data quality in citizen science projects. As nature-based recreation will be directed more toward nearby sites, environmental management resources and actions need to be directed to sites that are located near the users, e.g., in urban and suburban areas. The results can be applied with caution to other nature-based recreational activities.


Assuntos
Ciência do Cidadão , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Coronavirus , Atividades de Lazer , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Saúde Pública , Fatores Sexuais , Comportamento Social , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Licere (Online) ; 23(03): 01-26, set.2020. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1123132

RESUMO

Este artigo identifica os impactos nas formas de lazer vividas por universitários na cidade de Macapá (AP), diante do período de distanciamento social imposto pela pandemia de COVID-19. Combinamos o uso da pesquisa bibliográfica com a aplicação de questionário virtual (Plataforma Google Forms). O questionário continha cinco questões de múltipla escolha. Obtivemos o retorno de 456 instrumentais. Os resultados indicam que o distanciamento social trouxe impactos para o lazer dos sujeitos, pois resultou no aumento da "residencialização" e da "virtualização" do lazer. Se, antes, observamos tendência para prática de lazeres vivenciados na natureza e com forte caráter de sociabilidade, o distanciamento social resultou em aumento de lazeres vividos no ambiente doméstico, bem como em práticas ligadas ao uso da internet, como jogos online; assistir a lives e filmes; acesso a redes sociais; uso de celulares e computadores.


This article identifies the impacts on the forms of leisure experienced by university students in the city of Macapá (AP), in the face of the period of social distance imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic. We combined the use of bibliographic research with the application of a virtual questionnarie (Google forms platform). The questionnarie contained 5 multiple choice questions. We obtained the return of 456 instruments. The results indicate that the social distance has had an impact on the subjects' leisure, as it resulted in an increase in "residentialization" and "virtualization" of leisure. If, before, we observed a tendency to practice leisure activities experienced in nature and with a strong sociability character, social distance resulted in an increase in leisure activities experienced in the domestic environment, as well as in practices related to the use of the internet, such as online games; watching lives and movies; use of cell phones and computers


Assuntos
Atividades de Lazer
9.
Licere (Online) ; 23(03): 27-56, set.2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1123137

RESUMO

Este artigo consiste em um estudo bibliográfico que objetiva socializar a experiência da concepção e realização do projeto Cine Luce. Apresenta, por meio das concepções de De Certeau (2014), a estratégia e as táticas utilizadas para sua concretização como um projeto de extensão universitária e de enfrentamento ao discurso anti-ciência promovido no Brasil pelo atual governo federal. Para tanto, aproveitou a diversidade de formatos audiovisuais para fomentar diálogos em salas virtuais. As temáticas escolhidas para deflagrar as discussões sobre o lazer focalizaram implicações econômico-sociais, políticas, culturais e diversidades de etnias, gêneros e classes que marcam o Brasil. Sob os impactos decorrentes da pandemia Covid-19, tornou-se urgente e necessário fomentar reflexões sobre esses marcadores sociais e suas influências na fruição do lazer, em suas diversas expressões e territorialidades. A proposta buscou promover uma discussão horizontal e aberta ao público interessado em dialogar sobre a temática de cada bate-papo virtual, não sendo necessário ser um pesquisador ou estudioso ­embora este seja o perfil mais expressivo entre os participantes. Considera-se que a produção do conhecimento proposto pelo projeto foi ao encontro da ideia de pesquisar para transformar, intencionando cumprir seu papel acadêmico e social de disseminar os conhecimentos produzidos no campo acadêmico para além dos muros da universidade.


This article consists of a bibliographic study that aims to socialize the experience of conceiving and carrying out the Cine Luce project. It presents, through the concepts of De Certeau (2014), the strategy and tactics used for its implementation as a university extension project and to confront the anti-science discourse promoted in Brazil by the current federal government. To this end, it took advantage of the diversity of audiovisual formats to foster dialogues in virtual rooms. The themes chosen to trigger the discussions on leisure, focused on economic-social, political, cultural implications and diversity of ethnicities, genders and classes that mark Brazil. Under the impacts resulting from the Covid-19 pandemic, it became urgent and necessary to encourage reflections on these social markers and their influences on the enjoyment of leisure, in its various expressions and territorialities. The proposal sought to promote a horizontal and open discussion to the public interested in talking about the topicof each virtual chat, without having to be a researcher or scholar -although this is the most expressive profile among the participants. It is considered that the production of knowledge proposed by the project values the idea of researching to transform, intending to fulfill its academic and social role of disseminating the knowledge produced in the academic field beyond the walls of the university.


Assuntos
Atividades de Lazer
10.
Licere (Online) ; 23(03): 57-92, set.2020. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129264

RESUMO

Este trabalho tem como objetivo analisar os impactos e perspectivas com relação ao lazer e as práticas corporais no contexto brasileiro em decorrência da pandemia do coronavírus. A pandemia é um acontecimento que tem afetado os hábitos e comportamentos das populações, sendo necessário se conhecer mais de perto essas alterações e suas consequências. Realizou-se revisão de literatura e pesquisa exploratória com o uso de questionários respondidos por 1.013 pessoas. O uso de plataformas tecnológicas e de redes sociais são exemplos de atividades do contexto do lazer na atualidade, no entanto, a tecnologia pode ter um efeito negativo também, nocivo a crianças e jovens. Para os respondentes do questionário, os principais impactos da Covid19 são: não poder frequentar locais públicos (33,5%) e não poder frequentar academias de ginástica/musculação (33,1%). As perspectivas, tendo em vista a continuidade do isolamento social por pelo menos mais 6 meses, são: realizar atividades ao ar livre ou em casa (47,1%) e manter ou aumentar o uso da internet e das redes sociais (30,5%).


This work aims to analyse the impacts and perspectives regarding leisure and body practices in the Brazilian context due to the coronavirus pandemic. The pandemic is an event that has affected the habits and behaviours of the population, and it is necessary to know more about these changes and their consequences. Bibliographic and exploratory research were carried out using questionnaires answered by 1,013 people. The use of technological platforms and social networks are activities in the context of leisure today, however, technology can also have a negative effect, harmful to children and young people. For respondents of the questionnaire, the main impacts of Covid-19 are: not being able to attend public places (33.5%) and not being able to go to the gym (33.1%). The perspectives, in view of the continuity of social isolation for at least another 6 months, are: to carry out activities outdoors or at home (47.1%) and maintain or increase the use of the internet and social networks (30.5%).


Assuntos
Atividades de Lazer
11.
Licere (Online) ; 23(03): 93-125, set.2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129269

RESUMO

A partir da oficialização do decreto sobre a pandemia do novo Coronavírus divulgado pela OMS em março/2020, esta pesquisa vislumbrou analisar as primeiras consequências do distanciamento social no dia-a-dia de discentes da Universidade Estadual de Minas Gerias (UEMG), através de três grandes eixos: moradia; trabalho/renda e saúde/bem-estar. Para tanto, um questionário, tipo survey, foi elaborado com 42 questões. Percebeu-se uma precariedade crescente quanto à qualidade de vida e acesso aos aparatos eletrônicos, devido à crise socioeconômica engendrada pela pandemia, dos discentes e seus familiares. Foi perceptível uma nova conjuntura em termos espaciais e temporais na vida dos discentes, afetando o tempo de trabalho, o tempo livre e os lazeres. Conclui-se que, caso não haja uma ação efetiva do poder público, a desigualdade social do país tende a estender-se de súbito, com impactos agudos na dimensão do lazer.


Based on the discussions about the contemporaneity and the officialization of law decree on the pandemic of the new coronavirus released by WHO in March / 2020, this research aimed to analyse the first consequences of social isolation in the day-to-day lives of students at the State University of Minas Gerais (UEMG), through three main axes: housing; work / income and health / well-being. In this aspect, a questionnaire, survey type, was elaborated with 42 questions. After material analysis, it is noticeable a growing precariousness in terms of quality of life, access to electronic devices, among others, due to the socioeconomic crisis engendered by the pandemic, of students and their families. In addition, a new conjuncture is perceived in spatial and temporal terms in the lives of students, greatly affecting the respondents' working time, spare time and leisure. It is concluded that, if there is no effective action by the public authorities, the country's social inequality tends to suddenly expand, opening up our social fracture.


Assuntos
Atividades de Lazer
12.
Licere (Online) ; 23(03): 126-162, set.2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129272

RESUMO

Este estudo tem como objetivo analisar a dimensão tempo na gestão das experiências de lazer durante o distanciamento social por conta da pandemia COVID-19. A pesquisa, de natureza quali-quantitativa, do tipo descritiva, utilizou estudo de campo mediante a aplicação de um questionário on-line. A amostra foi composta de 2.278 brasileiros, acima de 18 anos. A análise dos dados foi realizada por meio de estatística descritiva e análise de conteúdo. Os resultados indicaram que a maioria dos respondentes teve tempo para as experiências de lazer, embora a maioria também tenha relatado que esse tempo diminuiu neste período. Entre os conteúdos culturais do lazer, os mais vivenciados de acordo com o tempo foram: os virtuais, os intelectuais e os manuais. Sugerem-se novos estudos que abordem esta temática, associando-os a outras dimensões do lazer.


This study aims to analyze the time dimension in the management of leisure experiences during social distancing due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The research, of a quali-quantitative nature, descriptive type, used a field study approach through the application of an online questionnaire. The sample consisted of 2,278 Brazilians, over 18 years of age. Data analysis was performed through descriptive statistics and content analysis. Results indicated that the majority of respondents had time for leisure experiences, although most of them also reported that this time decreased during this period. Among the cultural contents of leisure, the most prevalent were: virtual, intellectuals and manuals experiences. Further studies are recommended to address this theme, by associating them with other dimensions of leisure.


Assuntos
Atividades de Lazer
13.
Licere (Online) ; 23(03): 163-189, set.2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129275

RESUMO

O presente artigo busca refletir sobre práticas de lazer, mulheres e a pandemia do novo coronavírus, por meio de um diálogo analítico entre os dados da pesquisa "O Lazer no Brasil: representações e concretizações das vivências cotidianas" e investigações científicas recentes. A referida pesquisa teve como objetivo geral investigar as possibilidades de vivência do lazer da população brasileira. Este artigo, em específico, analisa as diferenças percebidas entre mulheres e homens, filtrando-se os dados pela condição empregatícia e pelo estado civil. Concluímos que a crise histórica instaurada pelo novo coronavírus tende a agravar de forma alarmante as condições sociais para a vivência do lazer de grupos em vulnerabilidade, como é o caso das mulheres.


This article intends to reflect on leisure practices, women and the pandemic caused by the new coronavirus, through an analytical dialogue between the data obtained in the research project entitled "Leisure in Brazil: representations and achievements of daily experiences" and recent scientific investigations. The referred research project inquired on leisure experiences of the Brazilian population. The present article analyzes the differences perceived between women andmen by filtering the sample by an individual's employment condition and by marital status. Our conclusion alerts that the historical crisis caused by the pandemic of the new coronavirus tends to alarmingly aggravate social conditions, such as access to leisure of vulnerable groups, such as women.


Assuntos
Atividades de Lazer
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32975916

RESUMO

Background: Due to the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, many activities have stopped and individuals have been forced to stay at home for prolonged periods, which can have a negative impact on overall health and trigger stress and psychological disorders such as depression and anxiety. The objective of this study was to highlight 25 cases of unusual frequent urination associated with abnormal sleep and their relation to staying at home for a prolonged period due to the COVID-19 crisis. Methods: This retrospective cross-sectional study included 25 patients who complained of frequent urination (> 3 times/hour) and abnormal sleep during the last 4 months (January-April 2020). These patients were evaluated for all possible differential diagnoses. Results: All of the patients had frequent urination > 10 times/day and abnormal sleep but had normal kidney function tests and other investigations. None of the patients had been doing any physical activity at home. All of the patients said that both sleep and urination frequency improved after leaving home for a while (eg, to visit friends, walk, or play sports). This improvement occurred within 2 nights of leaving the home; however, the majority of patients improved after the first night. Conclusions: "Home staying syndrome" is an undefined syndrome of unusual symptoms of abnormal sleep (altering sleep time and duration) and frequent urination > 3 times/hour. This syndrome is associated with staying at home for a long period of time and is easily resolved by doing any activity such as sports or visiting friends. While this syndrome is rare, it may be more prevalent now due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which forces people to stay home for infection prevention.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Controle de Infecções , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Comportamento Sedentário , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia , Transtornos Urinários/etiologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Atividades de Lazer , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 28: e3326, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876284

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to identify the prevalence and factors associated with workaholism among stricto sensu graduate nursing professors. METHOD: a cross-sectional study with 333 professors of master's/doctorate degrees from 47 Brazilian public universities. Participants answered a characterization questionnaire and the Dutch Work Addiction Scale, which were analyzed descriptively and by multiple logistic regression. RESULTS: the prevalence of workaholism was 10.5%. The factors associated with the dimensions of workaholism were: having a marital relationship, being dissatisfied with work and sleep, indicating low ability to concentrate and few leisure opportunities, belonging to Graduate Programs with grades 3, 4 and 5, receiving a research productivity grant, considering the influence of work on life as negative, showing difficulty in combining work with personal life, to present work-related anxiety, feel pressure for scientific publishing, elaborate more than 11 articles simultaneously, give more than 21 opinions in the last year, work an extra 11 hours a week in addition to the work schedule and dedicate less than 10 hours a week to graduate school. CONCLUSION: there is an indication of workaholism in the investigated professors, and the associated factors were related to working conditions and requirements. Universities must adhere to management models that include occupational health promotion.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Atividades de Lazer , Editoração
16.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(8): 1280-1285, 2020 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867436

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the associations between perceived built environment attributes and adults' leisure-time physical activity in four cities of China. Methods: Multistage cluster random sampling method was used to select adults aged 25 to 64 in Hangzhou, Suzhou, Chengdu, and Qingdao. Data were collected from June 2017 to July 2018. The perception of the urban built environment was assessed by the neighborhood environment walkability scale-abbreviated (NEWS-A), and the physical activity was assessed by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Generalized linear mixed models were used to explore the relationship between the perceived built environment and leisure-time physical activities. Results: A total of 3 789 participants were included in the analysis. After adjusting for potential confounders, better access to public services (OR=1.34, 95%CI: 1.02-1.75) and higher aesthetic quality (OR=1.37, 95%CI: 1.09-1.73) were positively associated with the possibility of engaging in leisure-time physical activity in the past week. Similarly, these two attributes were positively associated with leisure-time walking. Higher scores on the perception of street connectivity were positively associated with leisure-time walking [exp(ß)=1.09, 95%CI: 1.00-1.19]. Higher residential density [exp(ß)=1.000 4, 95%CI:1.000 0-1.000 8], better access to physical activity destinations[exp(ß)=1.09, 95%CI: 1.00-1.19], and better aesthetics [exp(ß)=1.11, 95%CI:1.00-1.22] were associated with higher leisure-time physical activity. Similarly, these three attributes were positively associated with the possibility of meeting the WHO recommendations. Conclusion: Changing some urban built environment attributes may increase leisure-time physical activity.


Assuntos
Ambiente Construído/estatística & dados numéricos , Exercício Físico , Atividades de Lazer , Adulto , China , Cidades , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
Euro Surveill ; 25(35)2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32885777

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 community-wide transmission declined in Spain by early May 2020, being replaced by outbreaks and sporadic cases. From mid-June to 2 August, excluding single household outbreaks, 673 outbreaks were notified nationally, 551 active (>6,200 cases) at the time. More than half of these outbreaks and cases coincided with: (i) social (family/friends' gatherings or leisure venues) and (ii) occupational (mainly involving workers in vulnerable conditions) settings. Control measures were accordingly applied.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Surtos de Doenças , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Notificação de Doenças , Humanos , Atividades de Lazer , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Espanha/epidemiologia
18.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0239548, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32956388

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Investigate whether socioeconomic status (SES) was related to brain volume in aging related regions, and if so, determine whether this relationship was mediated by lifestyle factors that are known to associate with risk of dementia in a population-based sample of community dwelling middle-aged adults. METHODS: We studied 645 (41% black) participants (mean age 55.3±3.5) from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study who underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging. SES was operationalized as a composite measure of annual income and years of education. Gray matter volume was estimated within the insular cortex, thalamus, cingulate, frontal, inferior parietal, and lateral temporal cortex. These regions are vulnerable to age-related atrophy captured by the Spatial Pattern of Atrophy for Recognition of Brain Aging (SPARE-BA) index. Lifestyle factors of interest included physical activity, cognitive activity (e.g. book/newspaper reading), smoking status, alcohol consumption, and diet. Multivariable linear regressions tested the association between SES and brain volume. Sobel mediation analyses determined if this association was mediated by lifestyle factors. All models were age, sex, and race adjusted. RESULTS: Higher SES was positively associated with brain volume (ß = .109 SE = .039; p < .01) and smoking status significantly mediated this relationship (z = 2.57). With respect to brain volume, smoking accounted for 27% of the variance (ß = -.179 SE = .065; p < .01) that was previously attributed to SES. CONCLUSION: Targeting smoking cessation could be an efficacious means to reduce the health disparity of low SES on brain volume and may decrease vulnerability for dementia.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/anatomia & histologia , Fumar , Classe Social , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano/estatística & dados numéricos , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Atrofia , Pressão Sanguínea , Índice de Massa Corporal , Encéfalo/patologia , Cognição , Estudos Transversais , Dieta , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Atividades de Lazer , Estilo de Vida , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tamanho do Órgão , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 28(10): 1020-1024, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771312

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore older people's use of the Internet for coping with stress posed by the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: An online survey with a random sample of 407 Internet users aged 60 years and over (Mean = 69.14). RESULTS: Participants reported a significant increase in 7 of 12 Internet-based functions following the pandemic onset. Stress levels were moderate-to-high and participants appeared more worried about others than about themselves. Significant positive associations were found between stress and increase in Internet use for interpersonal communication and online errands. Linear regression analysis revealed a significant negative association between stress and subjective wellbeing, but it was only increased Internet use for leisure that associated significantly with enhanced wellbeing. CONCLUSION: The changes in Internet use clearly reflected coping efforts that were apparently ineffective in enhancing wellbeing. Paradoxically, the only online functions that could improve wellbeing, Internet use for leisure, are precisely those whose use hardly increased.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Comércio , Comunicação , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Internet/estatística & dados numéricos , Atividades de Lazer , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus , Correio Eletrônico , Feminino , Humanos , Israel/epidemiologia , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Redes Sociais Online , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32824264

RESUMO

In the present study, a trans-contextual model was applied to examine the relations between students' perceptions of controlling behavior from teachers, frustration over their basic psychological needs, autonomous motivation toward physical activity in a physical education context, autonomous motivation toward physical activity in an out-of-school context, beliefs and intentions toward future physical activity, and actual participation in physical activity outside of school. We adopted a three-wave prospective study design in which 234 students aged 11-19 years first completed measures of perceived controlling behavior from teachers, frustration over their basic psychological needs, and autonomous motivation toward physical activity in physical education. One week later, their autonomous motivation, beliefs, and intentions toward physical activity outside of school were measured. Students' self-reported engagement in physical activity outside of school was assessed another five weeks later. Results of the path analysis revealed a significant and negative indirect effect of perceived controlling behavior from physical education teachers on students' intention toward physical activity outside of school via the proposed motivational sequence of the trans-contextual model. There was also a significant and negative indirect effect of perceived controlling behavior from physical education teachers on students' self-reported engagement in physical activity outside of school, mediated by the frustration over their need for competence in physical education. Findings emphasize the importance of decreasing controlling behaviors from teachers in a physical education context so as not to inhibit students' physical activity behavior in an out-of-school context.


Assuntos
Intenção , Atividades de Lazer , Educação Física e Treinamento , Adolescente , Criança , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Motivação , Autonomia Pessoal , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudantes , Adulto Jovem
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