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2.
J Prev Med Hyg ; 63(1): E83-E89, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35647372

RESUMO

Background: University years often are accompanied by dramatic lifestyle changes resulting in an elevated risk of disordered eating among females. We examined the associations of disordered eating with body image, weight and media-related variables. Methods: Hungarian female university students (n = 261, mean age = 22.0 years; SD = 2.2 years) were the study participants using online data collection. The Eating Attitude Test-26 (EAT-26) was used to assess levels of and risk for disordered eating. Results: Twenty-four percent of the sample displayed disordered eating: students with family's eating disorders (OR = 4.73 [1.34-16.67], p < 0.05), body satisfaction (OR = 0.23 [0.07-0.70], p < 0.01), engagement in sporting (OR = 4.46[1.77-11.27], p < 0.01) and past slimming (OR = 5.63 [2.07-15.27], p < 0.001) were particularly at risk. Multiple linear regression indicated that dieting was associated with a higher score among sporting students (ß = 0.18, p < 0.001) and internalization of media messages (ß = 0.18, p < 0.001). BMI was a predictor of dieting (ß = 0.15, p < 0.01) and oral control (ß = -0.34, p < 0.001); social media addiction for bulimia (ß = 0.17, p < 0.01). Conclusions: Our paper highlights the role of body dissatisfaction, sporting and slimming tendencies, sociocultural attitudes toward appearance, and family's eating pathology in understanding female university students' disordered eating. There is a limited role that social media plays in part, due to possible age-related experiences and skills related to coping with a variety of social pressures.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Autoimagem , Adulto , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hungria/epidemiologia , Estudantes , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
3.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 9903, 2022 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35701502

RESUMO

Previous research has shown that both the daily experiences and personal traits of adolescents are linked to aggression. Our aim was to further investigate the relationship between leisure experience, self-esteem, and aggression according to the general aggression model. In addition, within frustration-aggression theory, we proposed that leisure experience and aggression have a negative correlation. Furthermore, based on broaden-and-build theory, we explored the mediating role of self-esteem between leisure experience and aggression. The participants included 660 Chinese teenagers with an average age of 14.3. Among them, male students accounted for 310 (49.4%) and female students accounted for 318 (50.6%). The results showed that leisure experience was positively correlated with self-esteem and negatively correlated with aggression, while self-esteem was also negatively correlated with aggression. Additionally, self-esteem fully mediated the relationship between leisure experience and aggression. Our study could enrich research on leisure and provide a basis for protective factors of aggression in adolescents.


Assuntos
Agressão , Autoimagem , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Atividades de Lazer , Masculino , Estudantes
4.
Arch Psychiatr Nurs ; 39: 84-90, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35688549

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the effect of cognitive-behavioral programs on aggression and self-concept among institutionalized children with conduct disorder. A quiz-experimental design was employed in this study. BACKGROUND: Conduct Disorder (CD) is defined as repetitive and persistent behavior that violates the rules of society and social norms. It is also characterized by aggressive behaviors toward people or animals, dishonesty or theft, destruction of property, or serious violation of rules, and persists in children or adolescents in the past 12 months before age 18. METHOD: This research was carried out at the Dammam Observation Center in Saudi Arabia and the Cairo Caring Center in Egypt. Approximately 100 institutionalized children with conduct disorder who had evidence of conduct disorder were included in the study as part of a purposive sampling procedure. The information was gathered through the use of three different tools: Aggressive behavior and self-concept scales, as well as a sociodemographic data sheet. RESULTS: According to the findings, children with conduct disorder exhibited less aggression after participating in cognitive behavioral sessions (p = .011), resulting in lower mean aggression scores for the intervention group than the control group. After the training, about 64% of them had a moderate level of self-concept, whereas 44% of them had a moderate level of self-concept before the program. The study also revealed a statistically significant negative correlation between aggressive behavior and self-concept. CONCLUSION: The post-intervention remediation of aggressive behaviors and self-concept improvement point to the positive effect of the cognitive-behavioral program. The current study recommended that a cognitive-behavioral program is an effective, low-cost, and noninvasive intervention to improve self-concept and minimize aggressive behavior among institutionalized children with conduct disorder.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Conduta , Adolescente , Agressão , Criança , Criança Institucionalizada , Cognição , Transtorno da Conduta/terapia , Humanos , Autoimagem
5.
J Am Coll Surg ; 235(1): 145-146, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35703973
7.
Behav Ther ; 53(4): 751-761, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35697436

RESUMO

Evidence suggests self-oriented body comparison (comparison of one's postpartum body shape and weight to one's prepregnant body shape and weight) is a critical factor associated with increased levels of disordered eating during the postpartum period. However, some postpartum women adopt a self-compassionate and acceptance-based perspective toward their body shape and weight changes. It is unclear whether self-compassion may buffer the associations between self-comparisons and disordered eating behaviors among postpartum women, which is the aim of the current study. A total of 306 postpartum women who gave birth in the past year completed an online survey asking about self-compassion, social comparison, broad eating pathology, dietary restraint, and binge eating. Results indicated that self-compassion appeared to buffer the associations between self-comparison and broad eating pathology and binge eating among postpartum women, such that for women with above-average levels of self-compassion, the associations between self-comparison and disordered eating was weaker than for women with average or below-average levels of self-compassion. Findings suggest self-compassion could be a potential target for intervention programs.


Assuntos
Imagem Corporal , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Empatia , Feminino , Humanos , Período Pós-Parto , Autoimagem
8.
Nutrients ; 14(12)2022 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35745135

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aging world population is accelerating rapidly. Physical self-concept (PSC) is one of the psychosocial factors with the greatest influence on an individual's well-being and health. The traditional Mediterranean dietary pattern (MDP) is considered one of the healthiest dietary models, as it is nutritionally complete and easy to follow. OBJECTIVE: To assess the adherence to MDP and its association with the practice of physical activity (PA) and PSC levels in the older adult Spanish population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a representative sample of Spanish older adults (n = 342; older than 55 years old). Their PSC was assessed using a previously validated PSC questionnaire. Adherence to an MDP was assessed using a validated Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener questionnaire. Their PA was measured using the Spanish version of the Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity Questionnaire. Data on age, sex, hypertension, cholesterol or diabetes suffered in the last 12 months, as well as weight, height, and BMI, were collected. RESULTS: At the lowest levels of PSC, the percentage of individuals who were non-active and non-adhering to the MDP was lower compared to the highest levels (75.0% vs. 19.6; p = 0.001; Cramer's V = 0.414, and 83.3% vs. 57.9%; p = 0.001; Cramer's V = 0.221, respectively). This sample showed an abandonment of the most classic habits of the MDP, such as the consumption of olive oil, vegetables, fruits, nuts and fish. CONCLUSIONS: Non-adherence to the MDP and low levels of PA are associated with low levels of PSC in older adults.


Assuntos
Dieta Mediterrânea , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Exercício Físico , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Humanos , Autoimagem , Espanha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
BMC Womens Health ; 22(1): 254, 2022 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35752788

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Female genital self-image is associated with sexual health, sexual behavior, and gynecologic health behavior. The Female Genital Self-Image Scale (FGSIS) is a simple, validated instrument that quantifies genital self-image in women. The study aim was to translate the original English FGSIS into Thai and test its psychometric properties among Thai-speaking women. METHODS: A cross-sectional, psychometric study of sexually active women attending a health check-up clinic at a university hospital in Thailand was conducted. On a volunteer basis and convenience sampling, 90 sexually active women were recruited between December 2020 and January 2021. Translation and transcultural adaptation of the English FGSIS into Thai were performed. The validity and reliability of the Thai FGSIS were assessed by examining content validity, face validity, internal consistency, construct validity, and test-retest reliability. The content validity of the Thai FGSIS was evaluated by assessing missing values, and internal consistency was evaluated using Cronbach's alpha. Scores on the FGSIS and the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) were compared to examine convergent validity (using Pearson correlations). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was also conducted. Test-retest reliability was measured by re-administering the Thai FGSIS to the same group of respondents after a 2-week interval. RESULTS: The final Thai FGSIS was developed and assessed by a panel of experts. Data were examined for 86 respondents with average age of 32.5 ± 9.11 years. Content validity assessed using the level of missing data demonstrated no missing items. The overall internal consistency was high (Cronbach's alpha: 0.847). Strong correlations (r = 0.61-0.83) between FSFI and FGSIS total scores (p < 0.01) were demonstrated. In addition, five domains of sexual functioning and the FSFI total score showed high correlations ranging from r = 0.089 to r = 0.383 (p < 0.05), which confirmed convergent validity. CFA identified a two-factor structure for the Thai FGSIS. The test-retest reliability for 38 participants was 0.937 (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The Thai FGSIS was found to be a highly valid and reliable instrument with which to measure female genital self-image in Thai-speaking women.


Assuntos
Genitália Feminina , Autoimagem , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tailândia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35742229

RESUMO

Self-concept differentiation (SCD) has been of interest to researchers, mainly as a structural concept indicative of social specialization or self-concept fragmentation. Nevertheless, this aspect of self-representation has not been studied in regard to sexuality and the extent to which the sexual self may vary across different roles or situations. With the emergence of the Internet, people found new opportunities to explore and express aspects of their sexuality in multiple online scenes, thus increasing the complexity of human sexual experience and expanding the reach of sexual identity. The aim of this study is to investigate SCD in relation to the sexual self-concept, as experienced in the online and offline environments, and its effects on sexual identity, sexual satisfaction and online sexual behaviors. Data analysis pointed towards a fragmented self-view with high degrees of differentiation between the online and offline sexual self-instances being linked to a weaker sense of sexual identity, less sexual satisfaction in real life and less partnered online interactions. However, there were some indications that these relationships were influenced by how people perceive themselves sexually in one instance compared to the other. The results obtained in this study encourage further research on SCD as an important factor in understanding the real-world consequences of online sexual expression.


Assuntos
Identidade de Gênero , Autoimagem , Humanos , Internet
11.
Andes Pediatr ; 93(2): 199-205, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35735298

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Internationally, there are resilience promotion programs applied to children in residential alterna tive care with favorable results. The application of the resilience promotion program "VOLANTÍN" has shown to be effective in different groups of school-age children, favoring the development of resilience. OBJECTIVE: To describe the results of the implementation of the "VOLANTÍN' program on the level of resilience, self-concept, and emotional symptoms in children aged 7-12 years in resi dential alternative care (foster care). SUBJECTS AND METHOD: descriptive, longitudinal study. The "VO LANTÍN" program was implemented in a sample of 15 foster children between 7-12 years old. The variables measured were the "Escala de Resiliencia Escolar" (ERE), the Piers-Harris Children's Self Concept Scale, the Anxiety Self-report for Children and Adolescents (AANA), and the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) at the beginning, at the end, and 3 months after the end of the program, and then were analyzed statistically by nonparametric test. RESULTS: At the beginning, the end, and three months after the program implementation, there was a significant increase in the total sco res of ERE (p0.045), subscales "networks-models" (p0.002) and "external resources" (p0.018); and Self-concept (p0.005), subscales "behavior" (p0.045) and "popularity" (p0.03). AANA total scores decreased significantly (p0.004) as well as the subscales "panic/somatic" (p0.025) and "generalized anxiety" (p0.009). CDI scores decreased, but not significantly. CONCLUSION: The application of the resilience promotion program "VOLANTÍN' increased resilience and self-concept scores and decrea sed anxious symptoms in children aged 7-12 years.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Depressão , Adolescente , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Criança , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Depressão/psicologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Autoimagem , Autorrelato
12.
Psychiatr Clin North Am ; 45(2): 271-278, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35680242

RESUMO

Academic psychiatry has slightly higher rates of women in the upper ranks and leadership positions than academic medicine as a whole but women continue to be seriously underrepresented. Psychiatry departments should take specific steps to address barriers for women in psychiatry including harassment and discrimination, Imposter Syndrome, lack of mentorship and sponsorship, work-life integration issues, and overinvolvement in nonpromotion generating activities. Addressing these barriers within academic psychiatry will improve the environment for all minorities.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade , Psiquiatria , Feminino , Humanos , Liderança , Masculino , Autoimagem , Recursos Humanos
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35742212

RESUMO

(1) Background: This study aimed to explore the factors associated with the subjective well-being (SWB) of Chinese adolescents from a more comprehensive perspective and to analyze the importance of its influencing factors. (2) Methods: Obtained from the China Family Panel Studies (CFPS) 2018, the research data involved 2316 adolescents aged 10-15. By using the Chi-square test, t-test and binary logistic regression, we investigated the associations of individual-, family- and community-level factors with SWB in Chinese adolescents. To explore the rank of the influencing factors of SWB, the random forest model was set up. (3) Results: In individual-level factors, girls, who were adolescents with higher academic performance and school satisfaction, with the habit of midday napping and reading books, and with higher self-esteem, had a higher SWB. In family-level factors, mothers living at home resulted in a higher SWB, while quarrelling with their parents led to low SWB. In community-level factors, adolescents with better social relationships, social trust and who were better at telling their troubles to others had a higher SWB. Based on the random forest model, the importance degree was ranked, and the top five were decided, including self-esteem (89.949), social relations (43.457), academic performance (31.971), school satisfaction (27.651) and quarrelling with parents (19.026). (4) Conclusions: Self-esteem, social relations, academic performance, school satisfaction and quarrelling with parents are all important variables that are related to the SWB of Chinese adolescents.


Assuntos
Satisfação Pessoal , Autoimagem , Adolescente , China , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35742645

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to explore the factors which may cause the increase of students' stress in dance class in elementary school. In this study, students' demographic variables, psychological capital (which includes four sub-constructs), and self-concept (which includes five sub-constructs) were used as predicting variables to estimate their influences on dance class students' stress level. A structured questionnaire was distributed to 450 elementary art talent class students with 412 valid responses. Structural equation modeling was used to test the relationships proposed by the study. As for demographic variables, the results show that the grade, gender, and the dance class hours per week had no significant influences on stress, while the seniority level had a negative influence, which indicated that junior dance students had more stress than senior students. As for psychological capital, self-efficacy and optimism had negative influences on stress, while the other two sub-constructs, hope and resilience, did not have a significant influence on stress. As for physical self-concept, the worry of overweight had positive influences on their stress, while appearance, physical ability performance, health status, and satisfaction of body parts had no significant influence on stress. Based on the research findings, suggestions were made to reduce students' pressure in learning dance.


Assuntos
Autoimagem , Estudantes , Criança , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estresse Psicológico , Estudantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
J Craniofac Surg ; 33(3): 734-737, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35727666

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) refers to ritual surgical procedures performed that intentionally alter genitalia for nonmedical purposes. Female genital mutilation/ cutting is a lifelong problem for women that can have detrimental effects on menstruation, pregnancy, sexual health, and self-esteem. In 2016 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimated 513,000 women and children in the United States were victims of or at risk for FGM/C. Currently, few studies discuss potential management options for FGM/C and their associated complications. Aims of this study are to review contemporary research on FGM/C, discuss current surgical therapies in the pediatric and adult populations, and draw attention to the urgent need for further education. METHODS: The authors conducted a literature review using PubMed, and identified 731 articles in the adult and pediatric populations. The articles were cross-referenced with 2 systematic reviews, and duplicates were discarded. Based on our criteria, 9 articles were included. RESULTS: Based on our findings, defibulation offers patients a better quality of life with a low rate of complication. Similarly, clitoral reconstruction has shown favorable results for treatment of FGM/C. Using the Female Sexual Function Index can better help standardize measurements of sexual health outcomes. Currently, established clinical guidelines are lacking and there is limited training on the recognition and treatment of FGM/C. CONCLUSIONS: This study supports clitoral reconstruction and defibulation as effective therapies for FGM/C. Reconstructive surgeons are at the forefront of developing and providing these surgical treatments. Further research including randomized controlled studies and long-term follow-up are needed to better elucidate the best therapeutic options.


Assuntos
Circuncisão Feminina , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Adulto , Criança , Circuncisão Feminina/efeitos adversos , Clitóris/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Qualidade de Vida , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Autoimagem
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35722804

RESUMO

Mobile electrocardiogram (ECG) devices are valuable tools for teaching ECG interpretation. The primary purpose of this follow-up study was to determine if an ECG active learning session could be safely and effectively performed during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic using a newly developed mobile 6-lead ECG device. Additionally, we examined the educational impact of these active learning sessions on student knowledge of cardiovascular physiology and the utility of the mobile 6-lead ECG device in a classroom setting. In this study, first-year medical students (MS1) performed four active learning activities using the new mobile 6-lead ECG device. Data were collected from 42 MS1s through a quantitative survey administered in September 2020. Overall, students felt the activity enhanced their understanding of the course material and that the activity was performed safely and in compliance with local COVID-19 guidelines. These results emphasize student preference for hands-on, small group learning activities in spite of the pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Estudantes de Medicina , Educação de Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Eletrocardiografia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pandemias , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/métodos , Autoimagem , Estados Unidos
17.
J Affect Disord ; 311: 622-630, 2022 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644275

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify sub-trajectory groups of self-esteem among adults aged 19-64 years and the factors impacting latent classes, as well as to assess differences in symptoms of depression. METHODS: Research data from the Korea Welfare Panel Study were analyzed, including those from 8866 adults who participated in the 6th, 9th, 12th, and 15th waves. The growth mixture modeling analysis was used to identify latent classes of self-esteem trajectories. RESULTS: Three classes of self-esteem trajectories were identified. The majority of adults (88.0%) reported stable high self-esteem over time. A second class (low-level increasing: 7.7%) reported low levels of self-esteem, which gradually increased to high levels by the end of the study. A third group, medium-level decreasing (4.3%), reported medium self-esteem levels, which decreased to the lowest level by the end of the study. LIMITATIONS: The factors identified in previous studies as those closely associated with self-esteem, such as personality, quality of life, and life satisfaction, were not considered in this study. Additionally, although the absence or presence of chronic disease was included in the health factors, no further investigation was made to identify the effects of different chronic diseases on the dependent and outcome variables. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that interventions designed to prevent depression among adults who are older, unemployed, at risk of alcoholism, or dissatisfied with their health and relationships may be beneficial. This study identified a relationship between unstable self-esteem and the risk of depression.


Assuntos
Depressão , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Depressão/epidemiologia , Emoções , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Autoimagem
18.
Commun Biol ; 5(1): 606, 2022 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35750754

Assuntos
Biologia , Autoimagem
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35682423

RESUMO

Biological aging has an abrupt beginning in women, changing their body and perceptions, which are not accepted easily because the actual stereotypes are focused on youth and anti-aging. Our interest was to explore what the self-perception of aging (SPA) is in middle-aged women throughout the reproductive aging stages and their association with the quality of life. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 240 women (40-69 years) living in Mexico City, who were separated according to their reproductive aging stage. An electronic version of the Spanish version of the Self-rated Attitudes Towards Old Age (SATO) and the WHO Quality of Life-Bref (WHOQoL) was applied to these women and was sent by WhatsApp or email. Seventeen women of the total sample (7%) had a negative self-perception of aging. There is an association between SATO and WHOQoL (r = -0.273, p < 0.0001), but in the menopausal transition stage, the association is strong in the psychological subscale, and after menopause, early and late postmenopausal women show a better association in the social subscale. Negative SPA impacts the WHOQoL psychological dimension and not the total WHOQoL score. Our findings suggest an association between SPA and quality of life in different reproductive aging stages.


Assuntos
Menopausa , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Menopausa/psicologia , México , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Autoimagem , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35682510

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to analyze the strategies and styles of coping with stress and self-esteem in patients diagnosed with prostate cancer. One hundred and five patients with prostate cancer participated in the study. Coping strategies were assessed with the Mini-Cope questionnaire, coping styles were assessed with the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations, and self-esteem was assessed with the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Patients' self-esteem and stress coping styles and strategies were analyzed using a Pearson correlation analysis. A stepwise linear regression analysis was performed to determine the predictors of self-esteem. The self-esteem level was positively related to the task-focused style (r = 0.228) and negatively related to the emotion-focused style (r = -0.329). The self-esteem level was significantly positively related to the strategies of active coping (r = 0.358), planning (r = 0.355), and seeking emotional support (r = 0.319) and was negatively related to self-blaming (r = -0.448) and to substance use (r = -0.301). The predictors of self-esteem level were: the strategies of self-blaming, planning, and the support-seeking dimension (F(3, 95) = 17.65; p < 0.001), explaining 33.8% of the variability in subjects' self-esteem level. The moderating effect of age occurred in patients up to 65 years; it was statistically insignificant in patients older than 65 years. Replacement of the self-blame strategy and the emotion-focused style may lead to higher self-esteem of patients. The level of self-esteem can predict the strategies of self-blaming, planning, and the dimension of seeking support. For patients up to 65 years, psychological support should include reinforcement of adaptive forms of coping.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , Estresse Psicológico , Adaptação Psicológica , Humanos , Masculino , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Autoimagem , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
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