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1.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 767, 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36348324

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about gender disparity among medical undergraduates in the developing world. Therefore, this study aims to explore the attitudes and perceived barriers among Jordanian medical students, particularly women. METHODS: An online, self-administered questionnaire, developed after an extensive literature review, was disseminated across all six Jordanian medical schools targeting more than 5000 medical students. Student t-test and ANOVA were used to document mean differences among different groups. Linear and logistic regression models were used to find predictors of publication and number of publications. RESULTS: A total of 636 students participated in the survey with a women to men ratio of 1.1. Women medical students report significantly higher knowledge (t(634) = 2.47, p = 0.013), personal (t(634) = 3.31, p = 0.001), and total barriers scores than men (t(634) = 3.02, p = 0.003). Moreover, compared to men, women were less likely to find same-sex mentorship (t(634) = 3.18, p = 0.001) or receive credited authorship (t(634) = 2.12, p = 0.011). Overall, women medical students were more likely to perceive that their gender (t(634) = 3.58, p < 0.001) and people's perception of their gender (t(634) = 4.25, p < 0.001) are barriers to their career advancement. Binary logistic regression demonstrated that gender is a significant predictor of being able to publish (OR: 1.645; 95%CI: 1.002-2.731), while linear regression demonstrated that gender is a predictor of number of publications (ß: 0.113; 95%CI: 0.063-0.288). CONCLUSION: A significant gender disparity exists in terms of both attitudes and overall barriers among Jordanian medical undergraduates which calls for immediate policy changes as to produce successful clinicians and researchers.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Estudantes de Medicina , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Faculdades de Medicina , Autoria , Mentores
2.
Med Sci Monit ; 28: e937976, 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36415119

RESUMO

BACKGROUND IgA nephropathy (IgAN), characterized by the deposition of IgA, is one of the most common forms of primary glomerulonephritis. Although bibliometrics has been popular in the field of medicine, the bibliometric analysis of research related to IgAN has not been reported in the past 10 years. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze the evolution trend and hotspots of IgAN over the last 10 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS The literature data related to IgAN between 2010 and 2021 were retrieved from the Web of Science Core Collection database, a high-quality digital database that has been broadly accepted among researchers and has become a common tool for retrieving and evaluating different types of publications. VOSviewer 1.6.18 was used to analyze co-authorship, co-occurrence, citation, and co-citation. CiteSpace 5.8.R3 was used to analyze burst keywords. RESULTS According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 3664 papers were gathered. The country with the largest number of publications was China. Peking University was the most productive institution. The journal with the highest publications was Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation. The most prolific author was Zhang Hong. The highly cited references mainly investigated the pathology and pathogenesis of IgAN. The most frequent keywords were "IgA nephropathy", "glomerulonephritis", and "Oxford classification". CONCLUSIONS Our study provided a comprehensive overview of IgAN research and showed the development status and scientific trend of IgAN through bibliometric analysis from 2010 to 2021. Our results will allow researchers to understand the existing research quickly and get direction for future research.


Assuntos
Autoria , Bibliometria , Humanos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Universidades , Imunoglobulina A
4.
Nature ; 611(7934): 192-193, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36316468
5.
BMJ Open ; 12(10): e064954, 2022 10 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36288834

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Female physicians in medicine are increasing, but disparities in female authorship exist. The aim of this study was to characterise factors associated with female first (FF) and female senior (SF) authorship in later phase systemic oncological clinical trials in biliary tract cancer (BTC) and identify any changes over time. SETTING: Embase/Medline identified trial publications in BTC (2000-2020) were included. χ2 tests and log regression were used (assessed factors associated with FF and SF authorship, including changes over time (STATA V.16)). PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURE: FF and SF authorship in later phase systemic oncological clinical trials in BTC. SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURE: Any changes over time? RESULTS: Of 501 publications, 163 met inclusion criteria. The median percentage of female author representation in publications was 25%; there were no female authors in 13% of publications. Geographic location of the home institution of the first and senior authors was Asia (42%/42%), Europe (29%/29%), USA (24%/22%) and other (4%/6%), respectively. Overall, FF and SF author representation was 20% and 10%, respectively. The median position of the first female author was second in all the publication author lists. The phase of trial, journal-impact factor, industry funding or whether the study met its primary endpoint did not impact FF/SF author representation. More SF authors had home institutions in 'other' geographic locations (40% in 10 trials) (p=0.02) versus Asia (6%), Europe (8%) and USA (14%). There were no significant changes in FF/SF representation over time (p=0.61 and p=0.33 respectively). CONCLUSIONS: FF and SF author representation in later phase systemic clinical trial publications in BTC is low and has not changed significantly over time. The underlying reasons for this imbalance need to be better understood and addressed.


Assuntos
Autoria , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Humanos , Neoplasias do Sistema Biliar/terapia , Europa (Continente) , Médicas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Masculino , Feminino
6.
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis ; 26(1): 96-98, 2022 11 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36315961

Assuntos
Autoria , Humanos
7.
Braz Oral Res ; 36: e0116, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36287427

RESUMO

This was a retrospective cohort study to investigate the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the gender gap in articles submitted to three international dental journals based in Brazil. All submissions performed to Brazilian Dental Journal, Brazilian Oral Research, and Journal of Applied Oral Science before (2019) and during the pandemic (2020) were assessed. Gender of the first, last, and corresponding authors were collected. Other variables collected were journal, continent studied by authors and stage of their careers (classified according to authors' highest degree), and final decision reached in the article. Absolute and relative frequencies with 95% confidence intervals, Pearson's Chi-square tests, and Fisher's Exact test were used (α = 0.05). In total, 4,726 unique submissions were analyzed. A higher proportion of early-career authors was observed during the pandemic (44.8% to 49.3%, p = 0.021). Most articles were rejected but without association with gender. Increased proportion of male first authors from before to during the pandemic was observed (39% to 42.1%, p = 0.034). Drop in the proportion of articles with women as first authors was observed for researchers in their early- (65.9% to 58.8%, p = 0.02) and mid-career stages (63% to 55.8%, p = 0.014). Reduction in women as first authors was observed during the pandemic in South and Central Americas (66.7% to 61.5%, p = 0.010), and when the last author was a female, or the corresponding author was a male. In conclusion, a disproportionate impact on female dental researchers in submitting articles in the period from before to during the pandemic was observed when considering first authorship, suggesting that the COVID-19 may have increased the gender inequality in dental science.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Pandemias , Autoria
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(39): e30850, 2022 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36181008

RESUMO

Whiplash injury is a common diagnosis and causes substantial economic burden. Numerous papers have been published to provide new insights into whiplash injury. However, so far there has not been a comprehensive analysis of the most influential publications on whiplash injury. This study aimed to determine the 100 most cited publications on whiplash injury and analyze their characteristics. A keyword search was conducted using the Web of Science database. The top 100 cited publications relevant to whiplash injury were gathered. The main characteristics including title, year of publication, citation, authorship, journal, country, institution, and topic were generated. The number of citations of the top 100 cited publications ranged from 82 to 777. Fifteen countries contributed the top 100 publications. Australia had the largest number of publications (26), followed by the United States (21), and Canada (12). The majority of the publications were from Europe (40) and North America (33). A total of 19 institutions and 17 authors published more than one publication. The University of Queensland (16) and the author Sterling M (7) had the leading publication record. This is the first citation analysis to identify and characterize the highest impact researches on whiplash injury. The present analysis provides the most influential studies on whiplash injury, and reveals the leading journals, counties, institutions, and authors with special contributions in this filed. The list may serve as an archive of historical development of whiplash injury and a basis for further research.


Assuntos
Fator de Impacto de Revistas , Traumatismos em Chicotada , Autoria , Bibliometria , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Publicações , Estados Unidos
9.
Acta Med Port ; 35(9): 699-700, 2022 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36301884
10.
PLoS One ; 17(10): e0270618, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36288263

RESUMO

The present processes of research assessment, i.e. focusing on one or a few, related, scientometrics, foster questionable authorship practices, like gifting authorship to non-contributing people. An especially harmful one of these unethical practices is the formation of publication cartels, where authors offer gift authorship to each other reciprocally. Here, by developing a simple model and a simulation of the publication process I investigate how beneficial cartels can be and what measure can be used to restrict them. My results indicate that publication cartels can significantly boost members' productivity even if paper counts are weighted by the inverse of author number (the 1/n rule). Nevertheless, applying the 1/n rule generates conflicts of interest both among cartel members themselves and between cartel members and non-members which might lead to the self-purification of the academic publishing industry.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Editoração , Humanos , Autoria
12.
PLoS One ; 17(10): e0275306, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36251707

RESUMO

In innovation strategy, a type of Schumpeterian competitive strategy in business administration, "intra-individual diversity" has attracted attention as one factor for creating innovation. In this study, we redefine "framework for identifying researchers' areas of expertise" as "a framework for quantifying intra-individual diversity among researchers. Note that diversity here refers to authorship of articles in multiple research fields. The application of this framework then made it possible to visualize organizational diversity by accumulating the intra-individual diversity of researchers and to discuss the innovation strategy of the organization. The analysis in this study discusses how countries are promoting research on the topics of artificial intelligence (AI), big data, and Internet of Things (IoT) technologies, which are at the core of Industry 4.0, from an innovation perspective. Note that Industry 4.0 is a technological framework that aims to "improve the efficiency of all social systems," "create new industries," and "increase intellectual productivity." For the analysis, we used 19-year bibliographic data (2000-2018) from the top 20 countries in terms of the number of papers in AI, big data, and IoT technologies. As the results, this study classified the styles of cross-disciplinary fusion into four patterns in AI and three patterns in big data. This study did not consider the results in IoT because of only small differences between countries. Furthermore, regional differences in the style of cross-disciplinary fusion were also observed, and the global innovation patterns in Industry 4.0 were classified into seven categories. In Europe and North America, the cross-disciplinary integration style was similar to that between the United States, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, England, Italy, Canada, and France. In Asia, the cross-disciplinary fusion style was similar between China, Japan, and South Korea.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Autoria , Ásia , Europa (Continente) , América do Norte , Estados Unidos
15.
Nutrients ; 14(20)2022 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36296973

RESUMO

Numerous studies have covered exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) topics, ranging from nutritional strategies to recovery methods, but few attempts have adequately explored and analyzed large volumes of scientific output. The purpose of this study was to assess the scientific output and research activity regarding EIMD and protein intake by conducting a bibliometric and visual analysis. Relevant publications from 1975-2022 were retrieved from the Web of Science Core Collection database. Quantitative and qualitative variables were collected, including the number of publications and citations, H-indexes, journals of citation reports, co-authorship, co-citation, and the co-occurrence of keywords. There were 351 total publications, with the number of annual publications steadily increasing. The United States has the highest total number of publications (26.21% of total publications, centrality 0.44). Institutional cooperation is mostly geographically limited, with few transnational cooperation links. EIMD and protein intake research is concentrated in high-quality journals in the disciplines of Sport Science, Physiology, Nutrition, and Biochemistry & Molecular Biology. The top ten journals in the number of publications are mostly high-quality printed journals, and the top ten journals in centrality have an average impact factor of 13.845. The findings of the co-citation clusters and major keyword co-occurrence reveal that the most discussed research topics are "exercise mode", "nutritional strategies", "beneficial outcomes", and "proposed mechanisms". Finally, we identified the following research frontiers and research directions: developing a comprehensive understanding of new exercise or training models, nutritional strategies, and recovery techniques to alleviate EIMD symptoms and accelerate recovery; applying the concept of hormesis in EIMD to induce muscle hypertrophy; and investigating the underlying mechanisms of muscle fiber and membrane damage.


Assuntos
Autoria , Bibliometria , Estados Unidos , Exercício Físico , Bases de Dados Factuais , Músculos
17.
J Shoulder Elbow Surg ; 31(12): e613-e619, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36067939

RESUMO

HYPOTHESIS/BACKGROUND: Female representation in orthopedics, and specifically shoulder and elbow surgery, lags behind other surgical subspecialities. There has been a growing interest in recent years to better characterize, and address, gender disparities in the field. The purpose of this investigation was to characterize gender trends in authorship in the shoulder and elbow literature from 2002 to 2020. METHODS: Articles published from January 2002 to December 2020 in 15 clinical orthopedic and shoulder- and elbow-specific journals were extracted from the online PubMed database. Articles that included the first name of the first and senior authors and contained keywords related to the shoulder and elbow subspecialty were included. The Genderize algorithm was used to determine each author's gender. Gender-based publication trends from 2002 to 2020 were analyzed using descriptive and significance testing as well as logistic regression. RESULTS: 34,695 articles met inclusion criteria and 52,497 unique authors were identified. Of these unique authors, 10,175 (19.4%) were female and 42,322 (80.6%) were male. On average, each unique female author published 1.7 ± 0.1 manuscripts since 2002 and each male author published 2.5 ± 0.2 (P < .001). Female representation in shoulder and elbow publications began at 10.2% in 2002 and rose to 15.9% in 2020 (P < .001). Female representation in the lead author position began at 4.1% in 2002 and rose to 5.8% in 2020 (P = .009). Female representation in the senior author position began at 6.0% in 2002 and rose to 9.1% in 2020 (P < .001). CONCLUSION: Although female representation in first, senior, and general authorship lags behind male representation in the shoulder and elbow literature, female authorship has significantly increased since 2002. The same men tend to publish more frequently while the number of unique female authors surpasses the annual representation of female authorship. Efforts to improve female representation in the field of orthopedic surgery should include efforts directed at improving female representation in academic literature.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Cotovelo , Ombro , Autoria
18.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0274356, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36107879

RESUMO

Females are underrepresented in the science, technology, engineering, mathematics and medicine (STEMM) disciplines globally and although progress has been made, the gender gap persists. Our aim was to explore gender parity in the context of gender representation and internal collaboration at the Cyprus Institute of Neurology and Genetics (CING), a leading national biomedical organisation accredited as an equal opportunity employer. Towards this aim we (1) explored trends in gender parity within the different departments, positions and qualifications and in student representation in the CING's postgraduate school and, (2) investigated the degree of collaboration between male and female researchers within the Institute and the degree of influence within its co-authorship network. We recorded an over-representation of females both in the CING employees and the postgraduate students. The observed female over-representation in pooled CING employees was consistent with a similar over-representation in less senior positions and was contrasted with an observed male over-representation in only one middle rank and culminated in gender equality in the top rank in employee hierarchy. In terms of collaboration, both males and females tended to collaborate with each other without any significant preference to either inter-group or intra-group collaboration. Further comparison of the two groups with respect to their influence in the network in terms of occupying the positions of highest centrality scores, indicated that both gender and seniority level (head vs non-head) were significant in shaping the authors' influence, with no significant difference in those belonging in the same seniority level with respect to their gender. To conclude, our study has validated the formal recognition of the CING's policies and procedures pertinent to its egalitarian culture through the majority of the metrics of gender equality assessed in this study and has provided an extendable paradigm for evaluating gender parity in academic organizations.


Assuntos
Academias e Institutos , Neurologia , Autoria , Chipre , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Matemática
19.
Nursing ; 52(10): 36-39, 2022 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36129504

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: This article guides nurses through the journal publication process, specifically how to choose a topic, send a query email, establish authorship, avoid predatory journals, and successfully advance on the publication path.


Assuntos
Autoria , Editoração , Humanos , Enfermagem
20.
Cien Saude Colet ; 27(10): 3975-3985, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36134803

RESUMO

The scope of this research outlines the field of study on public health policies for youth supported by bibliometric maps, from the perspective of identifying research gaps. VOSviewer software was used based on the exploratory-descriptive profile, with data located in October 2021, using the key words "public", "youth", "health" with the connecting "and", which resulted in 172 articles. The following groupings were located: co-authorship by country; co-authorship by key words; co-quote by article; co-quote by reference cited; bibliographic coupling; co-quote of authors. The results reveal an interdisciplinary field, represented by studies in the areas of education, social work, law, and social sciences, with a significant recurrence of the themes of mental health, violence, and obesity, as well as discussions on substance use and abuse, such as cigarette smoking for example. Debates about the social configuration, defined by the idea of community, as well as its prevalence and prevention are present in the scope of these studies. Finally, eight research agenda topics are derived from the discussion about the growing movement towards health promotion as a public policy, while socio-economic and cultural aspects are presented with greater emphasis, in the quest to understand the impacts of this scenario for youth.


A pesquisa descreve o campo de estudo sobre políticas de saúde pública para a juventude com suporte em mapas bibliométricos, na perspectiva de apresentar gaps de pesquisa. A partir do perfil exploratório-descritivo, utilizou-se o software VOSviewer, com dados extraídos em outubro de 2021, e os descritores "public", "youth", "health" com o conectivo "and", que resultou em 172 artigos. Foram descritas redes de: coautorias por países; coocorrência por palavras-chave; cocitação por artigo; cocitação por referência citada; acoplamento bibliográfico; cocitação de autores. Os resultados evidenciam um campo interdisciplinar, representado por estudos da área de educação, trabalho social, direito, ciências sociais, com importante recorrência do tema saúde mental, violência, obesidade, bem como discussão sobre uso e abuso de substâncias, como por exemplo, o cigarro. Observam-se debates sobre a configuração social, definida pela ideia de comunidade, bem como sua prevalência e prevenção se apresentam no escopo desses estudos. Por fim, oito temas de agenda de pesquisa são derivados da discussão sobre o crescente movimento para a promoção da saúde como política pública, ao passo que aspectos socioeconômico-culturais se apresentam com maior ênfase, na busca de compreensão sobre impactos desse cenário para a juventude.


Assuntos
Autoria , Bibliometria , Adolescente , Política de Saúde , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Política Pública
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