Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.110
Filtrar
1.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 1139, 2021 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743683

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The alarming rise in multi-drug resistant (MDR) zoonotic pathogens, including Campylobacter spp., has been threatening the health sector globally. In Bangladesh, despite rapid growth in poultry sector little is known about the potential risks of zoonotic pathogens in homestead duck flocks. The aim of this study was to understand the occurrence, species diversity, and multi-drug resistance in Campylobacter spp., and identify the associated risk factors in duck farms in Bangladesh. METHODS: The study involved 20 duck farms at 6 sub-districts of Mymensingh, Bangladesh. Monthly occurrence of Campylobacter spp. in potential sources at the farms during February-September, 2018, was detected by culture and PCR-based methods. Campylobacter isolates were examined for resistance to different antimicrobials. Risk factors, concerning climatic and environmental disposition, farm management, and anthropogenic practices, of Campylobacter infection were estimated by participatory epidemiological tools. RESULTS: Occurrence of Campylobacter spp. was detected in overall 36.90% (155/420) samples, more frequently in drinking water (60%, 30/50), followed by cloacal swab (37.50%, 75/200), egg surface swab (35%, 35/100) and soil of the duck resting places (30%, 15/50) but was not detected in feed samples (n = 20). PCR assays distinguished the majority (61.30%, 95/155) of the isolates as C. coli, while the rest (38.70%, 60/155) were C. jejuni. Notably, 41.7% (25/60) and 31.6% (30/95) strains of C. jejuni and C. coli, respectively, were observed to be MDR. The dynamics of Campylobacter spp., distinctly showing higher abundance during summer and late-monsoon, correlated significantly with temperature, humidity, and rainfall, while sunshine hours had a negative influence. Anthropogenic management-related factors, including, inadequate hygiene practices, use of untreated river water, wet duck shed, flock age (1-6 months), and unscrupulous use of antimicrobials were identified to enhance the risk of MDR Campylobacter infection. CONCLUSION: The present study clearly demonstrates that duck farms contribute to the enhanced occurrence and spread of potentially pathogenic and MDR C. coli and C. jejuni strains and the bacterial dynamics are governed by a combined interaction of environmental and anthropogenic factors. A long-term holistic research at the environment-animal-human interface would be integral to divulge health risk reduction approaches tackling the spread of Campylobacter spp. from duck farms.


Assuntos
Infecções por Campylobacter , Campylobacter coli , Campylobacter jejuni , Campylobacter , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Animais , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Campylobacter/genética , Infecções por Campylobacter/epidemiologia , Infecções por Campylobacter/veterinária , Galinhas , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos , Patos , Fazendas , Humanos , Lactente , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
2.
Front Public Health ; 9: 628931, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34746068

RESUMO

Background: To develop an effective countermeasure and determine our susceptibilities to the outbreak of COVID-19 is challenging for a densely populated developing country like Bangladesh and a systematic review of the disease on a continuous basis is necessary. Methods: Publicly available and globally acclaimed datasets (4 March 2020-30 September 2020) from IEDCR, Bangladesh, JHU, and ECDC database are used for this study. Visual exploratory data analysis is used and we fitted a polynomial model for the number of deaths. A comparison of Bangladesh scenario over different time points as well as with global perspectives is made. Results: In Bangladesh, the number of active cases had decreased, after reaching a peak, with a constant pattern of death rate at from July to the end of September, 2020. Seventy-one percent of the cases and 77% of the deceased were males. People aged between 21 and 40 years were most vulnerable to the coronavirus and most of the fatalities (51.49%) were in the 60+ population. A strong positive correlation (0.93) between the number of tests and confirmed cases and a constant incidence rate (around 21%) from June 1 to August 31, 2020 was observed. The case fatality ratio was between 1 and 2. The number of cases and the number of deaths in Bangladesh were much lower compared to other countries. Conclusions: This study will help to understand the patterns of spread and transition in Bangladesh, possible measures, effectiveness of the preparedness, implementation gaps, and their consequences to gather vital information and prevent future pandemics.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Adulto , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto Jovem
3.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 21342, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34725409

RESUMO

Community-wide lockdowns in response to COVID-19 influenced many families, but the developmental cascade for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may be especially detrimental. Our objective was to evaluate behavioral patterns of risk and resilience for children with ASD across parent-report assessments before (from November 2019 to February 2020), during (March 2020 to May 2020), and after (June 2020 to November 2020) an extended COVID-19 lockdown. In 2020, our study Mobile-based care for children with ASD using remote experience sampling method (mCARE) was inactive data collection before COVID-19 emerged as a health crisis in Bangladesh. Here we deployed "Cohort Studies", where we had in total 300 children with ASD (150 test group and 150 control group) to collect behavioral data. Our data collection continued through an extended COVID-19 lockdown and captured parent reports of 30 different behavioral parameters (e.g., self-injurious behaviors, aggression, sleep problems, daily living skills, and communication) across 150 children with ASD (test group). Based on the children's condition, 4-6 behavioral parameters were assessed through the study. A total of 56,290 behavioral data points was collected (an average of 152.19 per week) from parent cell phones using the mCARE platform. Children and their families were exposed to an extended COVID-19 lockdown. The main outcomes used for this study were generated from parent reports child behaviors within the mCARE platform. Behaviors included of child social skills, communication use, problematic behaviors, sensory sensitivities, daily living, and play. COVID-19 lockdowns for children with autism and their families are not universally negative but supports in the areas of "Problematic Behavior" could serve to mitigate future risk.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Uso do Telefone Celular , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Cuidado da Criança/métodos , Quarentena/psicologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Atividades Cotidianas , Agressão , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/epidemiologia , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/virologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Comunicação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia , Sono , Habilidades Sociais
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770105

RESUMO

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is the foremost non-fatal skin-related disease that affects all age groups. Despite the growing prevalence of AD in low- and middle-income countries, its physiological consequences remain overlooked in countries like Bangladesh. Therefore, we aim to assess and characterize the influence of AD on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Bangladeshi patients. A cross-sectional study comprising 184 eligible adults (83 men and 101 women; mean age, 33.46 ± 15.44 years) was conducted at the dermatology outpatient department of Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College Hospital (a tertiary hospital in Dhaka, Bangladesh). AD was determined using the UK Working Party criteria. A structured questionnaire, Eczema Area and Severity Index (EASI), and Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) were administered to obtain information on patient characteristics, AD severity, and HRQoL. The mean DLQI score for the entire sample was 11.29 ± 5.27 (range, 1-26), and 51.60% reported the disease greatly affected their lives. Bivariate analysis revealed significant differences in self-rated health measures of DLQI scores in terms of self-reported AD severity, overall health, and the EASI. In multivariable regression models adjusted for patient characteristics, the self-perceived severe AD group reported significantly higher DLQI scores (coefficient = 2.72; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.38-5.05; p = 0.022) than the mild group. Concurrently, we observed a substantial increase in the DLQI scores among patients with moderate and severe EASI scores (coefficient = 1.96, 95% CI = 0.08-3.92, p < 0.05 and coefficient = 4.35, 95% CI = 1.98-6.72, p < 0.001, respectively) than in those with mild EASI scores, suggesting that HRQoL was markedly influenced by greater AD severity. These findings highlight the need for a more patient-centric approach to the management of AD in order to alleviate patient suffering and, thereby, improve HRQoL.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica , Eczema , Adolescente , Adulto , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Dermatite Atópica/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adulto Jovem
6.
Geospat Health ; 16(2)2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726034

RESUMO

Every year Bangladesh faces enormous damages due to flooding. Facing these damages the Government adopts various recovery approaches. However, the psychological dimension of any disaster is generally overlooked in disaster management. Researchers have found that the spatial distribution of post-disaster mental health can help the authorities to apply recovery procedures where they are most needed. For this research, Posttraumatic Stress Checklist (PCL-5), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) were used to estimate posttraumatic stress, major depressive disorder and anxiety following three episodes of severe floods in 2017 that affected at least 8 million people. To better understand the spatial pattern of psychological vulnerability and reach a comprehensive scenario of post-disaster mental health, Moran's I was applied for spatial autocorrelation and Pearson's correlation and regression analysis for a study of the relationship between the psychological aspects. It was found that psychological vulnerability showed a spatial clustering pattern and that there was a strong positive linear relationship among psychological aspects in the study area. This research might help to adopt disaster management policies that consider the psychological dimension and spatial distribution of various psychological aspects to identify areas characterized by high vulnerability and risk so that they can be reached without delay.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Desastres , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Inundações , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia
7.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(4): 973-979, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605465

RESUMO

Impaired fasting glucose (IFG) is an important risk factor for overt diabetes. Gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) is an oxidative stress maker that is synthesized in liver. Increased serum Uric Acid (UA) may reflect systemic inflammation and oxidative stress. Insulin secretion by pancreatic ß cells is impaired due to oxidative stress. Serum GGT and UA levels are elevated in patients with diabetes or cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between serum GGT and UA with IFG. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 120 subjects aged 25-55 years. The study subjects were divided into two groups with either Normal fasting glucose (NFG) or IFG according to WHO diagnostic criteria. Blood was collected to perform OGTT. Serum was separated to measure GGT, UA and lipid profile. GGT and UA levels were significantly higher (p<0.01) in IFG group than NFG group (67.23±14.40 vs. 24.19±8.41) and (7.61±1.31 vs. 4.84±1.27). Odds Ratio (OR) for IFG were 4.1 and 20.25 with GGT tertile 2 (24.0-42.0) U/L and tertile 3 (>42.0) U/L where T1 (<24.0) U/L was considered as reference category. Odds Ratio (OR) for IFG were 2.05 and 17.69 with UA tertile 2 (5.7-7.5)mg/dl and tertile 3(>7.5) mg/dl where T1 (<5.7)mg/dl was considered as reference category. Multiple regression analysis of the relation between Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) with serum GGT and UA by adjustment of other factors revealed that IFG was significantly (p<0.01) associated with serum GGT and UA.


Assuntos
Ácido Úrico/sangue , gama-Glutamiltransferase/sangue , Adulto , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Glicemia , Estudos Transversais , Jejum , Hospitais , Humanos
8.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 220: 103426, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619554

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) disproportionately impacts individuals with medical conditions, including with respect to their mental health. The present study investigated depression and anxiety and their correlates among individuals with medical conditions in Bangladesh. METHODS: Subjects were recruited to participate in an internet-based survey. Data were collected from November 2020 to January 2021 using convenience sampling by a semi-structured questionnaire through online platforms. Multiple regression analyses were performed to determine associations applying Bonferroni correction (p < 0.004). The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) measured depression and anxiety, respectively. RESULTS: Nine-hundred-and-seventy-one participants (50.1% male; mean age = 42.29 ± 15.86 years; age range = 18-80 years) with medical conditions were included in final analyses. The most frequently reported conditions were diabetes, hypertension, obesity, heart disease, asthma, and anemia. Estimates of moderate to severe depression and anxiety were 38.9% and 35.2%, respectively. The mean depression and anxiety scores were significantly higher among participants who reported having hypertension, obesity, heart disease, asthma, anemia, cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Using Bonferroni correction (p < 0.004), depression was associated with being female and a student, having poorer quality of life, poorer health status and greater numbers of co-morbidities, not engaging in physical exercise and tobacco smoking. Anxiety was associated with being female and a student, having lower socioeconomic status, poorer quality of life, poorer health status and greater numbers of co-morbidities, less sleep and tobacco smoking. CONCLUSIONS: Depression and anxiety are prevalent among individuals with medical conditions and correlate with sociodemographic, quality-of-life and smoking measures. Interventions targeting vulnerable groups should be employed and investigated.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
9.
Psychiatr Danub ; 33(Suppl 10): 52-57, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672272

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Antenatal Anxiety affects the mothers and their child. Spontaneous abortion, preeclampsia, preterm birth, and low birth weight are the most common consequences. In Bangladesh, we have very limited understanding about the burden of antenatal anxiety and its associated factors. We conducted a prospective longitudinal study to estimate the prevalence of anxiety symptoms and identify associated factors in pregnant women. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 1360 pregnant women were enrolled from 14 antenatal care (ANC) hospitals during September 2015 to August 2017. All selected women were assessed longitudinally at first, second and third trimesters of pregnancy. The State Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S) scale was used to measure the antenatal anxiety symptom. Generalize estimating equations (GEE) and alternating logistic regression (ALR) model were used to measure the risk factors and repetitive anxiety symptom measurements, respectively. RESULTS: Over the study period, more than half (53.18%) of the women reported anxiety in at least one antenatal assessment. The prevalence of anxiety symptom in the first, second, and third trimesters was 29.5%, 23.5%, and 37.5%, respectively. Maternal anxiousness was significantly associated with the trimester, poor education, low blood hemoglobin, and low family income. CONCLUSION: Women were at high risk of getting anxious during first and third trimesters of pregnancy. Findings of the study can be useful in developing and designing intervention to reduce anxiety in women during pregnancy.


Assuntos
Complicações na Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Criança , Análise de Dados , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Longitudinais , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos
10.
Front Public Health ; 9: 738352, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34660518

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to assess the prevalence, onset, and duration of COVID-19 associated symptoms, hospitalization, and recovery time from the infection in Bangladesh. Methods: A retrospective study was designed adopting the snowball sampling technique (n = 439). The association of gender, age, and comorbidity on COVID-19 associated complications was determined using chi-square and binary logistic regression analysis (p < 0.05). Result: Fever, exhaustion, cough, loss of taste, sore throat, body ache, and hair-loss were prevalent among more than 50% of the participants and developed within fourth days in above 90% of the patients. Shortness of breath was significantly higher in males (χ2 = 5.671; OR 1.641). Significant comorbidity association on the shortness of breath (χ2 = 40.119; OR 2.564), vomiting (χ2 = 4.422; OR 1.018), and loss of speech (χ2 = 17.299; OR 3.430) was observed. Patients (>40 years) exerted higher association in shortness of breath (χ2 = 24.083; OR 2.901). Age and comorbidity were significantly associated with COVID-19 associated hospitalization (χ2 = 16.890 and χ2 = 23.638, respectively) and recovery time (χ2 = 12.870 and χ2 = 26.924, respectively). Conclusion: The study suggests that the hospitalization rate increased for older (>40 years) and comorbid patients. Comorbid patients demonstrated higher susceptibility to have shortness of breath, vomiting, loss of speech, and confusion, whereas male patients showed significant increase in the prevalence of sore throat, loss of smell, and vomiting compared to female patients.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639787

RESUMO

Self-reported assessment of physical activity (PA) is commonly used in public health research. The present study investigated the concordance of self-reported PA assessed using the global physical activity questionnaire (GPAQ) and two different measurement approaches. Participants (n = 307, aged 30-75 years with hypertension) were recruited from a rural area in Bangladesh. We analyzed the difference between the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations of more than 600 metabolic-equivalent time-minutes (MET-min) and the self-reported active hours, at least 2.5 h per week. Tests of sensitivity and specificity were conducted to determine concordance between the two measures. According to the WHO criteria, 255 (83%) participants were active more than 600 MET-min per week and 172 (56%) people were physically active 2.5 h or more per week, indicating a 27% difference in self-reported PA. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values and concordance between the two measures were 64%, 92%, 98%, 34% and 70%, respectively. Considering the WHO MET-min as the appropriate measure, 89 (35%) were false negative (FN). Older age, professionals and businesspersons were associated with a higher proportion of FN. There is a gap between self-reported PA, thus a better estimate of PA may result from combining two criteria to measure PA levels.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Hipertensão , Idoso , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Autorrelato
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The study aimed to assess the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and its associated factors among urban slum dwellers who migrated from different rural parts of Bangladesh. METHODS: The present study analyzed data from a Migration and Mobility Determinants on Health survey and was conducted in 2017 among 935 migrant slum dwellers of Dhaka city (North & South) and Gazipur City Corporations, as a part of the icddr,b's Urban Health and Demographic Surveillance System (UHDSS). The face-to-face interviews were conducted with the adult population by using a semi-structured questionnaire that included variables related to socio-demographics, migration, occupation, and HRQoL (SF-12). Bivariate and multiple linear regression analyses were performed to determine the factors associated with HRQoL. RESULTS: The mean (±SD) scores of physical component summary (PCS), and mental component summary (MCS) were 57.40 ± 22.73 and 60.77 ± 22.51, respectively. As per multiple regression analysis, lower PCS scores were associated with having older age, being female, and not having any job. Mean MCS scores were significantly lower among participants who reported having older age, not having any job, not working/ less working hours (≤8 h/day), as well as increased work-related stress in the current urban slum. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that available urban social protection programs should include a comprehensive social safety net for the improvement of the slum infrastructure as well as proper health care and risk mitigation plans at workplaces.


Assuntos
Áreas de Pobreza , Migrantes , Adulto , Idoso , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , População Urbana
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(37): e27281, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34664887

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: In December 2019, with pneumonia-like clinical manifestations, a new severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 emerged and quickly escalated into a pandemic. Since the first case detected in early March of last year, 8668 have died with an infection mortality rate of 1.52%, as of March 20, 2021. Bangladesh has been struck by the 2nd wave from mid-march 2021. As data on the second wave are sparse, the present study observed the demographic profile, symptoms, and outcomes of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients during this wave.The study was conducted at Sheikh Russel National Gastroliver Institute on 486 admitted cases during the 2nd wave of COVID-19 in Bangladesh (March 24-April 24, 2021) using a cross-sectional study design and a convenient sampling technique.Out of 486 cases, 306 (62.9%) were male, and 180 were female, with a mean age of 53.47 ±â€Š13.86. The majority of patients (32.5%) were between the ages of 51 and 60. While fever and cough being the predominant symptoms (>70% cases), the most common co-morbidities were hypertension (41.4) and diabetes mellitus (39.4). Intensive care unit utilization rate was 25%, and a half of the patients had 51% to 70% tomographic lung involvement with an overall mortality rate of 19.3%. Older age, chronic renal disease, percentage of lung involvement, and intensive care unit necessity were important mortality determinants.The present study gives an insight into the demographic profiles and outcomes of admitted patients with COVID-19 during the second wave at a covid dedicated hospital in Bangladesh.


Assuntos
COVID-19/complicações , Demografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/mortalidade , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 572, 2021 10 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663237

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malnutrition and depression are highly prevalent in older adults and can lead to disparaging outcomes. Analytical studies on geriatric depression (GD) and its association with malnutrition are very scarce in Bangladesh, although the size of the older population is increasing fast in the country. The current study aimed to assess the association between malnutrition and depression and associated risk factors in rural older adults. METHODS: A community-based comparative cross-sectional study was conducted in 600 older adult residents (aged ≥60 years) of three rural communities of Bangladesh from January to October 2019. The study enrolled two groups of participants; 300 depressed as cases and another 300 non-depressed older adults as a comparison group matching their age and living area. We used a semi-structured questionnaire to collect data through a face-to-face interview. Geriatric Depression Scale-15 was used to determine depression, and a score of ≥5 was considered as depressed. We used the Bangla version of the Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form to assess nutritional status, which comprised questions related to appetite, weight loss, mobility, recent illness/stress, dementia/depression, and BMI, and considered a score of 0-7 as the cutoff score for malnutrition. Measures included baseline and personal characteristics, malnutrition, GD, and its associated risk factors. A binary logistic regression model was fitted to identify variables associated with the risk of GD. RESULTS: The study found no significant difference in gender (male Vs. female) between depressed (44.0% Vs. 56.0%) and non-depressed (46.0% Vs. 54.0%) older individuals. The study revealed that malnutrition was significantly (p < 0.01) higher in depressed (56.0%) than in non-depressed (18.0%) rural older adults. The malnourished older adults had around three times (AOR = 3.155; 95% CI: 1.53-6.49, p = 0.002) more risk of having depression than the well-nourished older individuals. Older adults who were unemployed (AOR = 4.964; 95% CI: 2.361-10.440; p = 0.0001) and from lower and middle class (AOR = 3.654; 95% CI: 2.266-7.767; p = 0.001) were more likely to experience depression. Older adults having a 'poor diet' were more likely to experience depression (AOR = 3.384; 95% CI: 1.764-6.703; p = 0.0001). The rural older adults who were single (AOR = 2.368; 95% CI: 1.762-6.524; p = 0.001) and tobacco users (AOR = 2.332; 95% CI: 1.663-5.623; p = 0.003) were found more likely to experience depression. CONCLUSIONS: A significant association between malnutrition and depression was evident by the current study in the rural older individuals of Bangladesh. It will be a prolific initiative if policymakers merge malnutrition and the risk factors associated with geriatric depression in providing universal health care for better health and well-being of the rural older populations.


Assuntos
Desnutrição , População Rural , Idoso , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Masculino , Desnutrição/diagnóstico , Desnutrição/epidemiologia , Avaliação Nutricional , Estado Nutricional , Fatores de Risco
15.
Glob Health Res Policy ; 6(1): 36, 2021 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593053

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The highly contagious nature of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) places physicians in South Asia at high risk of contracting the infection. Accordingly, we conducted this study to provide an updated account of physician deaths in South Asia during the COVID-19 pandemic and to analyze and compare the different characteristics associated with physician mortality amongst the countries of the region. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study by using published news reports on the websites of news agencies from 9 selected countries in South Asia. Our study included only those physicians and doctors who died after contracting COVID-19 from their respective workplaces. All available data about the country of origin, type of, sex, age, medical or surgical specialty, and date of death were included. RESULTS: The total number of physician deaths reported due to COVID-19 in our study was 170, with half (87/170, 51%) of the deaths reported from Iran. Male physician deaths were reported to be 145 (145/170 = 85%). Internal Medicine (58.43%) was the most severely affected sub-specialty. The highest physician mortality rate in the general population recorded in Afghanistan (27/1000 deaths). General physicians from India [OR = 11.00(95% CI = 1.06-114.08), p = 0.045] and public sector medical practitioners from Pakistan [aOR = 4.52 (95% CI = 1.18-17.33), p = 0.028] were showing significant mortality when compared with other regions in multivariate logistic regression. CONCLUSION: An increased number of physician deaths, owing to COVID-19, has been shown in South Asia. This could be due to decreased personal protective equipment and the poor health care management systems of the countries in the region to combat the pandemic. Future studies should provide detailed information of characteristics associated with physician mortalities along with the main complications arising due to the virus.


Assuntos
COVID-19/mortalidade , Mortalidade , Doenças Profissionais/mortalidade , Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos , Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Afeganistão/epidemiologia , Idoso , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Butão/epidemiologia , COVID-19/virologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Saúde Global/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Ilhas do Oceano Índico/epidemiologia , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nepal/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/virologia , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Sri Lanka/epidemiologia
16.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(4): 1073-1078, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605479

RESUMO

Dengue is endemic in more than a hundred countries throughout the tropics. The classic presentation of dengue fever has expanded its horizon by involving different organ systems, and these system-specific presentations pose a diagnostic dilemma. The objective of this prospective observational study was to evaluate the sociodemographic, and clinical profile of expanded dengue syndrome (EDS) patients admitted to a tertiary hospital in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Data were collected from all admitted patients from April 2019 to September 2019 and diagnosed with dengue. The patients with dengue having EDS were followed up till discharge. Of 4200 dengue cases admitted during this period, 108 patients (2.57%) were diagnosed with EDS. Among the EDS cases, 94% were from Dhaka city, and 6% were outside Dhaka city; 66% of the patients were male. Gastrointestinal (GI) manifestations were the most common (87%) type of EDS, and among the GI presentations, acute acalculous cholecystitis (38.3%), acute pancreatitis (30.85%), acute hepatitis (21.27%) were the most frequent. Among the EDS cases, 5.55% had a central nervous system (CNS), 4.6% cardiovascular (CVS), and 1.88% had renal complications; 0.93% presented with myositis. The majority (90.74%) of the patients recovered with conservative management, 10 (9.26%) died. This study shows that expanded dengue syndrome (EDS) is not uncommon in Bangladesh's dengue viral infection. A high degree of clinical suspicion is the key to early diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Dengue , Pancreatite , Doença Aguda , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Dengue/diagnóstico , Dengue/epidemiologia , Dengue/terapia , Humanos , Laboratórios , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária
17.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(4): 913-920, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605456

RESUMO

Peripheral neuropathy caused by diabetes mellitus (DM) and vitamin B12 deficiency may produce overlapping clinical pictures. Metformin use is a known cause of B12 deficiency in patients with type 2 DM (T2DM). This cross-sectional comparative study was conducted at two specialized endocrine outpatient clinics in Mymensingh and Cumilla cities of Bangladesh over one year from July 2019 to June 2020. Non-pregnant adults (≥18 years of age) receiving drug treatment for T2DM for at least six months were included in this study. The study subjects were divided into two groups: those with ongoing treatment with metformin and those who never received metformin in their lifetime. Out of 99 subjects evaluated, 66 (66.7%) were in the metformin group, and 33 (33.3%) were in the non-metformin group. Subjects in the metformin group had significantly lower B12 levels compared to the non-metformin group [448.5 (343.0-570.9) vs. 549.0 (487.5-847.0) pg/mL, median (IQR), p<0.001]. None of the study subjects in the non-metformin group were either borderline deficient or deficient of B12 compared to five borderline deficient and three deficient subjects in the metformin group. Among the study subjects, 88.9% had peripheral neuropathy (PN) (43.4% mild, 21.2% moderate and 24.2% severe PN); the two groups had similar frequencies of PN. Though median serum B12 levels were lower in mild [483.0 (411.2-620.0) pg/mL], moderate [492.0 (366.5-680.0) pg/mL] and severe PN [524.5 (363.5-654.2) pg/mL] groups compared to absent PN group [540.0 (340.0-685.0) pg/mL]; the difference in B12 levels across the four groups was not statistically significant. B12 levels had weak negative correlation (r = -0.061, p = 0.624) with gram-years of metformin use. Periodic screening for serum vitamin B12 levels should be done to identify metformin-induced B12 deficiency in T2DM, especially those with PN.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Metformina , Adulto , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Lactente , Metformina/uso terapêutico , Vitamina B 12
18.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(4): 943-949, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605460

RESUMO

A casualty is a loss resulting from an accident or someone who is hurt, wounded, diseased, detained or dead in an accident. The term casualty means a seriously injured patient. It is predominantly a military word, generally used for service for accidents. After a battle or accident the dead, the wounded, the sick are called together as "casualties". Casualty, in respect to personnel, any individual who is lost to his organization by reason of being declared dead, wounded, diseased, detained, captured, or missing. Hospital casualty service is not fully organized all over the Bangladesh. In view of the increasing workload and emerging need, functional casualty services have recently been introduced in our hospital to manage properly the accident patients. This retrospective observational study was carried out in the Casualty department of Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh. Patients were enrolled total number of 69740 to investigate the quantity of patients and pattern of casualties. Patients were categorized according to their mode of injury. Total data was collected from hospital records of all patients attended in the Casualty Department of the hospital from November 19, 2017 to November 18, 2019. The modes of Casualties with demographic characteristics of patients were analyzed. Male and female ratio was 3:1. Patient attended in the Casualty department was average 96 per day, maximum was 176 and minimum was 33. According to age sub-division, 11-20 years age group attended in casualty was maximum and it was 48 in number. One day attended Road traffic accident (RTA) maximum was 65 and minimum was 3, maximum Non-RTA was 83 and minimum was 25, maximum physical assaults was 48 and minimum was 1. RTA and Injury due to fall were the common mode of casualty especially in the young population within the study area. We have seen that injury caused by fall from height was 43% among the all patients. Patients due to fall from tree was highest (35%) yearly in between April to June. Second to incidents of all fall was RTA which was 25%. Physical assaults (18%), machinery injury (9%) and others were 5%.


Assuntos
Incidentes com Feridos em Massa , Acidentes por Quedas , Adolescente , Adulto , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Criança , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adulto Jovem
19.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(4): 950-953, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605461

RESUMO

Type-2 diabetes mellitus accounts for 90-95% of all diabetes. There is a Correlation between Fasting Serum Glucose and Serum Zinc level in patients with Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus. This study was done to assess the relationship of Fasting Serum Glucose and Serum Zinc in type-2 diabetic patients in order to compare this parameter with healthy subjects. This analytical type of cross sectional study was carried out in the Department of Physiology, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from July 2018 to June 2019. A total number of 140 subjects, age ranged from 35-65 years was included in this study. Among them, seventy (70) type-2 diabetic patients were taken as study group (Group II) and seventy (70) ages matched healthy subjects were taken as control group (Group I). Group I again subdivided into control group male (Group IA) and control group female (Group IB). Group II also subdivided into study group male (Group IIA) and study group female (Group IIB). Pearson correlation coefficient test is done to correlate the relationship between fasting serum glucose (FSG) and serum zinc. In this study we found that serum zinc level was decreased in study groups in comparison with control groups. Therefore, by this study we recommended that routine estimation of this parameter is important for prevention of complication related to diabetes for leading a healthy life.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Jejum , Adulto , Idoso , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Glicemia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Glucose , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Zinco
20.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(4): 954-959, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605462

RESUMO

Biocides, including disinfectants and antiseptics, are used for a variety of topical and hard surface applications in health care facilities. Biocides play a significant role for preventing and controlling nosocomial infections. However, failures in the antimicrobial activities of biocides have been reported. The resistance mechanism to disinfectants is usually determined by genes which are related to resistance to quaternary ammonium compounds, namely, qacE, qacΔE1 that are found in Gram-negative bacteria. The aim of this study is to detect the prevalence of Biocides resistance genes, qacE and qacΔE1, in clinical isolates of Pseudomonas spp. It was carried out from March 2017 to July 2018 in the department of Microbiology, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh. Samples were collected from Outpatient of ENT department, MMCH. In this study, 300 clinical samples of CSOM cases were tested by the PCR method. The present study shows detection of biocide resistance genes (qacE, qacΔE1) among 87 isolated Pseudomonas spp by uniplex PCR. Among 72 clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa 67(93.05%) had the gene qacEΔ1 and 25(34.72%) had the gene qacE. In addition other 15 Pseudomonas spp 3(20%) isolates had the qacEΔ1 gene and 2(13.33%) isolates had the qacE gene. In this study there is a marked difference in detection of the qacEΔ1 gene between the MDR and non MDR P. aeruginosa isolates. The qacEΔ1 was identified in 50 of 54(92.59%) MDR isolates and 7 of 18(38.89%) non MDR strains respectively. While gene qacE was detect 25(46.29%) MDR isolates and did not show any qacEΔ1gene in non MDR isolates. This study shows that the genes, qacE, qacΔE1 are widespread among Pseudomonas aeruginosa, they are higher in MDR strains than non MDR strains.


Assuntos
Desinfetantes , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Hospitais , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Pseudomonas/genética
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...