Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.091
Filtrar
1.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 96(1): e20221011, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597487

RESUMO

Groupers (Epinephelidae and Serranidae) have attracted special attention to fish farming, and their species offer good opportunities for successful hybridizations. Cytogenetic data allow a better understanding of the role of karyotypic diversification in the acquisition of post-zygotic reproductive isolation (RI). Thus, chromosomal analyses were performed on E. striatus (Caribbean Sea), E. coioides and E. tauvina (Indo-Pacific Region), using standard procedures and mapping of six repetitive DNA classes by the in situ hybridization. The three species have 2n=48 chromosomes. The karyotypes of E. coioides and E. striatus are composed only of acrocentric chromosomes (FN=48), while E. tauvina has 8 submetacentric chromosomes (FN=56). Heterochromatin has a preferential centromeric distribution, and the microsatellite repeats are dispersed throughout the chromosomes of all species. The 18S and 5S rDNA sites are unique but show a colocalization arrangement in E. tauvina and E. striatus. The chromosomal organization suggests that the three species still maintain a significant amount of syntenic regions. The range of the karyotype divergence and the RI levels showed low, but goes turn proportionally greater in relation to the divergence time between the parental species. The slow acquisition of postzygotic RI is consistent with the high karyotype homogeneity presented by Epinephelidae family.


Assuntos
Bass , Perciformes , Animais , Bass/genética , Isolamento Reprodutivo , Cariótipo , Cariotipagem
2.
Mol Biol Rep ; 51(1): 496, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587695

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The iono- and osmoregulatory capacities of marine teleosts, such as European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) are expected to be challenged by high carbon dioxide exposure, and the adverse effects of elevated CO2 could be amplified when such fish migrate into less buffered hypo-osmotic estuarine environments. Therefore, the effects of increased CO2 on the physiological responses of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) acclimated to 32 ppt, 10 ppt and 2.5 ppt were investigated. METHODS: Following acclimation to different salinities for two weeks, fish were exposed to present-day (400 µatm) and future (1000 µatm) atmospheric CO2 for 1, 3, 7 and 21 days. Blood pH, plasma ions (Na+, K+, Cl-), branchial mRNA expression of ion transporters such as Na+/K+-ATPase (NKA), Na+/K+/2Cl- co-transporters (NKCC) and ammonia transporters (e.g. Rhesus glycoproteins Rhbg, Rhcg1 and Rhcg2) were examined to understand the iono- and osmoregulatory consequences of elevated CO2. RESULTS: A transient but significant increase in the blood pH of exposed fish acclimated at 10 ppt (day 1) and 2.5 ppt (day 21) was observed possibly due to an overshoot of the blood HCO3- accumulation while a significant reduction of blood pH was observed after 21 days at 2.5ppt. However, no change was seen at 32 ppt. Generally, Na + concentration of control fish was relatively higher at 10 ppt and lower at 2.5 ppt compared to 32 ppt control group at all sampling periods. Additionally, NKA was upregulated in gill of juvenile sea bass when acclimated to lower salinities compared to 32 ppt control group. CO2 exposure generally downregulated NKA mRNA expression at 32ppt (day 1), 10 ppt (days 3, 7 and 21) and 2.5ppt (days 1 and 7) and also a significant reduction of NKCC mRNA level of the exposed fish acclimated at 32 ppt (1-3 days) and 10 ppt (7-21 days) was observed. Furthermore, Rhesus glycoproteins were generally upregulated in the fish acclimated at lower salinities indicating a higher dependance on gill ammonia excretion. Increased CO2 led to a reduced expression of Rhbg and may therefore reduce ammonia excretion rate. CONCLUSION: Juvenile sea bass were relatively successful in keeping acid base balance under an ocean acidification scenario. However, this came at a cost for ionoregulation with reduced NKA, NKCC and Rhbg expression rates as a consequence.


Assuntos
Bass , Animais , Bass/genética , Dióxido de Carbono , Amônia , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Água do Mar , Macaca mulatta , Glicoproteínas , RNA Mensageiro
3.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0297844, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578758

RESUMO

The present study aims to investigate the influence of zeolite usage and stocking densities on various parameters, including ammonia removal from water, accumulation of heavy metals in fish organs, water quality, growth performance, feed efficiency, muscle composition, as well as hematological and biochemical parameters in European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) over a 90-day duration. A total of 2400 D. labrax with an initial weight of 9.83 ± 2.02 g and initial length of 9.37 ± 0.32 cm were distributed among 24 tanks. The research involved six distinct treatment groups, with two different zeolite levels (0 and 15 ppt) and three stocking density levels (50, 100, and 150 fish/m3), each replicated four times. The results of the research demonstrate a statistically significant improvement (p < 0.05) in water quality measures with the introduction of zeolite. The successful implementation of this amendment mitigated the adverse effects of fish density on water quality parameters. Higher stocking density negatively impacted European sea bass growth, feed utilization, and hemato-biochemical indicators. Zeolite use effectively alleviated these adverse effects, particularly on performance, feed utilization, hematological, and biochemical parameters. The study's results indicate that the utilization of zeolite has shown to be efficacious in mitigating the accumulation of heavy metals in both water and fish organs, while concurrently augmenting fish attributes. However, the increase in density led to a significant decrease in the accumulation of heavy metals in both water and fish organs. The present study highlights the capacity of natural zeolites to mitigate the negative consequences associated with water quality concerns. The efficiency of these zeolites in limiting the accessibility of heavy metals in polluted water is shown, hence minimizing their accumulation in fish organs. In addition, the improvement of fish performance has the capacity to have a beneficial influence on both the well-being and efficiency of fish in aquaculture. Additional research is essential to fully understand the complex molecular pathways involved in utilizing natural zeolite under different fish densities.


Assuntos
Bass , Metais Pesados , Zeolitas , Animais , Bass/fisiologia , Amônia/metabolismo , Metais Pesados/metabolismo , Músculos/metabolismo
4.
Zool Res ; 45(2): 314-328, 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38485502

RESUMO

Animal body size variation is of particular interest in evolutionary biology, but the genetic basis remains largely unknown. Previous studies have shown the presence of two parallel evolutionary genetic clusters within the fish genus Epinephelus with evident divergence in body size, providing an excellent opportunity to investigate the genetic basis of body size variation in vertebrates. Herein, we performed phylotranscriptomic analysis and reconstructed the phylogeny of 13 epinephelids originating from the South China Sea. Two genetic clades with an estimated divergence time of approximately 15.4 million years ago were correlated with large and small body size, respectively. A total of 180 rapidly evolving genes and two positively selected genes were identified between the two groups. Functional enrichment analyses of these candidate genes revealed distinct enrichment categories between the two groups. These pathways and genes may play important roles in body size variation in groupers through complex regulatory networks. Based on our results, we speculate that the ancestors of the two divergent groups of groupers may have adapted to different environments through habitat selection, leading to genetic variations in metabolic patterns, organ development, and lifespan, resulting in body size divergence between the two locally adapted populations. These findings provide important insights into the genetic mechanisms underlying body size variation in groupers and species differentiation.


Assuntos
Bass , Animais , Bass/genética , Filogenia , Tamanho Corporal/genética , China , Variação Genética
5.
Zool Res ; 45(2): 329-340, 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38485503

RESUMO

The leopard coral grouper ( Plectropomus leopardus) is a species of significant economic importance. Although artificial cultivation of P. leopardus has thrived in recent decades, the advancement of selective breeding has been hindered by the lack of comprehensive population genomic data. In this study, we identified over 8.73 million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) through whole-genome resequencing of 326 individuals spanning six distinct groups. Furthermore, we categorized 226 individuals with high-coverage sequencing depth (≥14×) into eight clusters based on their genetic profiles and phylogenetic relationships. Notably, four of these clusters exhibited pronounced genetic differentiation compared with the other populations. To identify potentially advantageous loci for P. leopardus, we examined genomic regions exhibiting selective sweeps by analyzing the nucleotide diversity ( θπ) and fixation index ( F ST) in these four clusters. Using these high-coverage resequencing data, we successfully constructed the first haplotype reference panel specific to P. leopardus. This achievement holds promise for enabling high-quality, cost-effective imputation methods. Additionally, we combined low-coverage sequencing data with imputation techniques for a genome-wide association study, aiming to identify candidate SNP loci and genes associated with growth traits. A significant concentration of these genes was observed on chromosome 17, which is primarily involved in skeletal muscle and embryonic development and cell proliferation. Notably, our detailed investigation of growth-related SNPs across the eight clusters revealed that cluster 5 harbored the most promising candidate SNPs, showing potential for genetic selective breeding efforts. These findings provide a robust toolkit and valuable insights into the management of germplasm resources and genome-driven breeding initiatives targeting P. leopardus.


Assuntos
Antozoários , Bass , Humanos , Animais , Filogenia , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/veterinária , Genoma
6.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0301130, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38517899

RESUMO

Heatwaves are becoming more frequent and intensified with climate change. Freshwater ecosystems are among the most threatened, within which, differing responses between cool- and warmwater species to heatwaves can lead to fundamental changes in communities. Physiological experiments can identify potential mechanisms underlying the impacts of such heatwaves on fish communities. In the current study, we quantified the oxygen consumption rate, aerobic scope and swimming performance of cool- and warmwater fish species following the simulation of short-term heatwaves currently occurring in streams in the Midwestern United States. The coolwater predator walleye (Sander vitreus) showed clear thermal disadvantages relative to the warmwater predator largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides), based on a high metabolic cost during the heatwave, low metabolic activity when encountering prey, and reduced swimming performance following the heatwave. Largemouth bass also showed a thermal advantage relative to the warmwater prey fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) related to swimming performance and energetic costs, highlighting differing thermal responses between predators and prey. This study demonstrates the importance of considering short-term extreme thermal events in the response of aquatic communities to climate stressors.


Assuntos
Bass , Cyprinidae , Percas , Animais , Ecossistema , Bass/fisiologia , Água Doce , Meio-Oeste dos Estados Unidos
7.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 148: 109480, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38452958

RESUMO

Stimulator of interferon gene (STING) plays a crucial role in the innate immune response against viral and bacterial pathogens. However, its function in largemouth bass iridovirus (LMBV) infection remains uncertain. Here, a STING homolog (MsSTING) from largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) was cloned and characterized. MsSTING encoded a 407-amino-acid polypeptide, which shared 84.08% and 41.45% identity with golden perch (Perca flavescens) and human (Homo sapiens) homologs, respectively. MsSTING contained four transmembrane domains and a conserved C-terminal domain. The mRNA level of MsSTING was significantly increased in response to LMBV infection in vitro. Subcellular localization observation indicated that MsSTING encoded a cytoplasmic protein, which co-localized predominantly with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and partially with mitochondria. Moreover, its accurate localization was dependent on the N-terminal transmembrane motif (TM) domains. MsSTING was able to activate interferon (IFN) response, evidenced by the activation of IFN1, IFN3 and ISRE promoters by its overexpression in vitro. Mutant analysis showed that both the N-terminal and C-terminal domain of MsSTING were essential for its activation on IFN response. In addition, overexpression of MsSTING inhibited the transcription and protein levels of viral core genes, indicating that MsSTING exerted antiviral action against LMBV. Consistently, the inhibitory effects were significantly attenuated when the N-terminal or C-terminal domains of MsSTING was deleted. Furthermore, MsSTING overexpression upregulated the transcriptions of interferon-related genes and pro-inflammatory factors, including TANK-binding kinase 1(TBK1), interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3), interferon regulatory factor 7 (IRF7), interferon stimulated exonuclease gene 20 (ISG20), interferon-induced transmembrane protein 1(IFITM1), interferon γ (IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß), and interleukin 6 (IL-6). Together, MsSTING exerted antiviral action upon LMBV infection through positive regulation the innate immune response.


Assuntos
Bass , Infecções por Vírus de DNA , Doenças dos Peixes , Iridovirus , Ranavirus , Humanos , Animais , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Proteínas de Peixes/química , Imunidade Inata/genética , Interferon gama , Antivirais , Ranavirus/fisiologia
8.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 148: 109517, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38513916

RESUMO

Largemouth bass ranavirus (LMBV) is an epidemic disease that seriously jeopardizes the culture of largemouth bass(Micropterus salmoides), and it has a very high incidence in largemouth bass. Once an outbreak occurs, it may directly lead to the failure of the culture, resulting in substantial economic losses, but there is no effective vaccine or special effective drug yet. Consequently, it is important to establish an accurate, sensitive, convenient and specific detection approach for preventing LMBV infection. The recombinant enzyme-assisted amplification (RAA) technology was used in combination with clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR), and associated protein 13a (CRISPR/Cas13a) to detect LMBV. We designed RAA primers and CRISPR RNA (crRNA) that targeted the conserved region in the LMBV main capsid protein (MCP) gene, amplified sample nucleic acids using the RAA technology, performed CRISPR/Cas13a fluorescence detection and evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of the established method with qPCR as a control method. This technique was able to determine the results by collecting fluorescence signals, visualizing fluorescence by UV excitation and combining with lateral flow strips (LFS). The sensitivity and specificity of the established method were consistent with the qPCR method. Besides, it was performed at a constant temperature of 37 °C and the sensitivity of the reaction system was 3.1 × 101 copies/µL, with no cross-reactivity with other common aquatic pathogens. Further, the positive detection rate of the proposed method in 32 clinical samples was consistent with that of qPCR. In conclusion, our established RAA-CRISPR/Cas13 method for detecting LMBV is sensitive, simple and specific, which is applicable in the rapid on-site detection and epidemiological monitoring of LMBV.


Assuntos
Bass , Infecções por Vírus de DNA , Doenças dos Peixes , Ranavirus , Animais , Proteínas do Capsídeo
9.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1342144, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38500885

RESUMO

Introduction: Modern fish farming faces challenges in sourcing feed ingredients, most related with their prices, 21 availability, and specifically for plant protein sources, competition for the limited cultivation space for 22 vegetable crops. In that sense, halophytes have the added value of being rich in valuable bioactive compounds and salt tolerant. This study assessed the inclusion of non-food fractions of S. ramosissima in European seabass diets. Methods: Different levels (2.5%, 5%, and 10%) were incorporated into seabass diets, replacing wheat meal (diets ST2.5, ST5, and ST10) or without inclusion (CTRL). Experimental diets were administered to seabass juveniles (8.62 ± 0.63 g) for 34 and 62 days and subsequent inflammatory responses to a heat-inactivated Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida (Phdp) were evaluated in a time-course manner (4, 24, 48, and 72 h after the challenge). At each sampling point, seabass haematological profile, plasma immune parameters, and head-kidney immune-related gene expression were evaluated. Results: After both feeding periods, most parameters remained unaltered by S. ramosissima inclusion; nonetheless, seabass fed ST10 showed an upregulation of macrophage colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor 1 (mcsf1r1) and cluster of differentiation 8 (cd8ß) compared with those fed CTRL after 62 days of feeding. Regarding the inflammatory response, seabass fed ST10 showed lower plasma lysozyme levels than their counterparts fed ST2.5 and ST5 at 24 h following injection, while 4 h after the inflammatory stimulus, seabass fed ST10 presented higher numbers of peritoneal leucocytes than fish fed CTRL. Moreover, at 4 h, fish fed ST2.5, ST5, and ST10 showed a higher expression of interleukin 1ß (il1ß), while fish fed ST5 showed higher levels of ornithine decarboxylase (odc) than those fed CTRL. An upregulation of macrophage colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor 1 (mcsf1r1) and glutathione peroxidase (gpx) was also observed at 72 h in fish fed ST10 or ST5 and ST10 compared with CTRL, respectively. Discussion: In conclusion, incorporating up to 10% of the non-food fraction S. ramosissima in feed did not compromise seabass growth or immune status after 62 days, aligning with circular economy principles. However, S. ramosissima inclusion improved the leucocyte response and upregulated key immune-related genes in seabass challenged with an inactivated pathogen.


Assuntos
Bass , Photobacterium , Animais , Proteína 1 Semelhante a Receptor de Interleucina-1 , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Macrófagos , Dieta
10.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1361231, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38545095

RESUMO

Introduction: Nocardia seriolae adversely impacts a diverse range of fish species, exhibiting significant pathogenic characteristics that substantially impede the progress of aquaculture. N. seriolae infects in fish has a long incubation period, and clinical symptoms are not obvious in the early stages. There is presently no viable and eco-friendly approach to combat the spread of the disease. According to reports, N. seriolae primarily targets macrophages in tissues after infecting fish and can proliferate massively, leading to the death of fish. Interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) is a crucial molecule that regulates macrophage activation, but little is known about its role in the N. seriolae prevention. Methods: IFN-γ was first defined as largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides, MsIFN-γ), which has a highly conserved IFN-γ characteristic sequence through homology analysis. The recombinant proteins (rMsIFN-γ) were obtained in Escherichia coli (E. coli) strain BL21 (DE3). The inflammatory response-inducing ability of rMsIFN-γ was assessed in vitro using monocytes/macrophages. Meanwhile, the protective effect of MsIFN-γ in vivo was evaluated by N. seriolae infection largemouth bass model. Results: In the inflammatory response of the monocytes/macrophages activated by rMsIFN-γ, various cytokines were significantly increased. Interestingly, interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-a) increased by 183- and 12-fold, respectively, after rMsIFN-γ stimulation. rMsIFN-γ improved survival by 42.1% compared with the control. The bacterial load in the liver, spleen and head kidney significantly decreased. rMsIFN-γ was also shown to better induce increased expression of IL-1ß, TNF-α, hepcidin-1(Hep-1), major histocompatibility complex I (MHCI), and MHC II in head kidney, spleen and liver. The histopathological examination demonstrated the transformation of granuloma status from an early necrotic foci to fibrosis in the infection period. Unexpectedly, the development of granulomas was successfully slowed in the rMsIFN-γ group. Discussion: This work paves the way for further research into IFN-γ of largemouth bass and identifies a potential therapeutic target for the prevention of N. seriolae.


Assuntos
Bass , Nocardiose , Nocardia , Animais , Interferon gama , Escherichia coli , Nocardiose/prevenção & controle , Nocardiose/veterinária , Proteínas Recombinantes
11.
Open Vet J ; 14(2): 630-639, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38549574

RESUMO

Background: Formaldehyde (FA) and oxytetracycline (OTC) are the chemicals commonly used in aquaculture to prevent or treat fish diseases due to protozoa, parasites, and bacteria. Aim: The goal of the present study is to assess the liver injury and oxidative stress induced by exposure of sea bass (Dicentrarchuslabrax L) to therapeutic doses of FA (200 ml.m-3) and OTC (40 g.m-3) under the same conditions being applied in intensive aquaculture systems in Tunisia. Methods: The liver histopathological survey was achieved after 5 and 10 days of exposure to FA, OTC separately or mixed. In parallel, liver catalase activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured to assess oxidative stress. Results: Results showed that treatment with FA and OTC used alone or in combinations induced liver damage as measured by sinusoid dilatation, intensive vacuolization, blood congestion, and focal necrosis. Significant elevation in catalyze activity and MDA levels were also observed in liver homogenates by the treatment (p ≤ 005). Conclusion: Combined treatment induced higher effects suggesting the critical hazards associated with FA and OTC when released to the environment.


Assuntos
Bass , Oxitetraciclina , Animais , Oxitetraciclina/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Fígado , Formaldeído/farmacologia
12.
Mol Biol Rep ; 51(1): 470, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38551799

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The genetic improvement in growth and food habit domestication of largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) have made breakthroughs in past decades, while the relevant work on disease resistance were rarely carried out. Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes, which are well known as their numbers and high polymorphisms, have been used as candidate genes to mine disease-resistant-related molecular markers in many species. METHODS AND RESULTS: In present study, we developed and characterized 40 polymorphic and biallelic InDel markers from the major histocompatibility complex genes of largemouth bass. The minor allele frequency, observed heterozygosity, expected heterozygosity and polymorphic information content of these markers ranged from 0.0556 to 0.5000, 0.1111 to 0.6389, 0.1064 to 0.5070, and 0.0994 to 0.3750, respectively. Three loci deviated significantly from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, while linkage disequilibrium existed at none of these loci. CONCLUSION: These InDel markers might provide references for the further correlation analysis and molecular assisted selection of disease resistance in largemouth bass.


Assuntos
Bass , Animais , Bass/genética , Resistência à Doença/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Frequência do Gene/genética , Complexo Principal de Histocompatibilidade/genética
13.
J Zoo Wildl Med ; 55(1): 248-255, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38453509

RESUMO

The striped bass (Morone saxatilis) has been a fish species of special concern in Canada since its marked decline in the early 21st century in the St. Lawrence River. Individuals kept in public aquaria contribute to public education and could support conservation efforts through research. Over a 3-yr period, 12 male striped bass housed in a multispecies exhibit developed coelomic distension. The testes were enlarged (12/12), cystic (2/12), and heterogeneous (3/12) on coelomic ultrasound. Upon coeliotomy, enlarged (12/12), partially (4/12) or totally white discolored (6/12) testes were noted. These were associated with coelomic hemorrhage (8/12), effusion (3/12) or adhesions to surrounding organs (9/12). Orchiectomies were performed in all fish. Among these, seven fish survived 2 mon postsurgery, and four fish were still alive 900 d postsurgery. Germ cell neoplasia was diagnosed on histopathological examination in 9 of 12 individuals, but no abnormalities were found in the three other cases. Preventive orchiectomies were performed on the remaining six male striped bass in this exhibit. Germ cell neoplasms were present in two of these six fish. No anesthetic or surgical complications were noted; all six cases were alive 2 mon postsurgery and four of the fish survived 900 d postsurgery. Survival times were not significantly different between fish that underwent preventive or curative orchiectomy (P = 0.19). Although risk factors associated with the development of these gonadal tumors remain unknown, a genetic or environmental origin is suspected. Orchiectomy should be considered in suspected cases of testicular tumors.


Assuntos
Bass , Neoplasias Embrionárias de Células Germinativas , Neoplasias , Humanos , Animais , Masculino , Neoplasias Embrionárias de Células Germinativas/veterinária , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias/veterinária
14.
Mar Environ Res ; 196: 106426, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38442591

RESUMO

The temporal asynchronies in larvae production from different spawning areas are fundamental components for ensuring stability and resilience of marine metapopulations. Such a concept, named portfolio effect, supposes that diversifying larval dispersal histories should minimize the risk of recruitment failure by increasing the probability that at least some larvae successfully settle in nursery. Here, we used a reconstructive approach based on otolith chemistry to quantify the larval dispersal portfolio of the European seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax, across six estuarine nursery areas of the northeast Atlantic Ocean. The analysis of natal and trajectory signatures indicated that larvae hatch in distinct environments and then dispersed in water masses featured by contrasting chemical signatures. While some trace elements appeared affected by temporal changes (Mn and Sr), others varied spatially during the larval stage but remained poorly affected by temporal fluctuation and fish physiology (Ba, Cu, Rb and Zn). We then proposed two diversity metrics based on richness and variations of chemical signatures among populations to reflect spatio-temporal diversity in natal origins and larval trajectories (i.e., estimates of dispersal portfolio). Along the French coast, the diversity estimates were maximum in nurseries located at proximity of offshore spawning sites and featured by complex offshore hydrodynamic contexts, such as the Mont St-Michel bay. Finally, our findings indicate that the dispersal portfolio was positively related with the local abundance of seabass juveniles, supporting the assumption that heterogeneity in dispersal history contributes to promote recruitment success in nurseries.


Assuntos
Bass , Animais , Oceano Atlântico , Larva/fisiologia , Membrana dos Otólitos
15.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 146: 109408, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38307301

RESUMO

Small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) is a reversible post-translational modification that regulates various biological processes in eukaryotes. Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme 9 (UBC9) is the sole E2-conjugating enzyme responsible for SUMOylation and plays an important role in essential cellular functions. Here, we cloned the UBC9 gene from sea perch (Lateolabrax japonicus) (LjUBC9) and investigated its role in regulating the IFN response during red-spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV) infection. The LjUBC9 gene consisted of 477 base pairs and encoded a polypeptide of 158 amino acids with an active site cysteine residue and a UBCc domain. Phylogenetic analysis showed that LjUBC9 shared the closest evolutionary relationship with UBC9 from Paralichthys olivaceus. Tissue expression profile analysis demonstrated that LjUBC9 was significantly increased in multiple tissues of sea perch following RGNNV infection. Further experiments showed that overexpression of LjUBC9 significantly increased the mRNA and protein levels of RGNNV capsid protein in LJB cells infected with RGNNV, nevertheless knockdown of LjUBC9 had the opposite effect, suggesting that LjUBC9 exerted a pro-viral effect during RGNNV infection. More importantly, we found that the 93rd cysteine is crucial for its pro-viral effect. Additionally, dual luciferase assays revealed that LjUBC9 prominently attenuated the promoter activities of sea perch type Ⅰ interferon (IFN) in RGNNV-infected cells, and overexpression of LjUBC9 markedly suppressed the transcription of key genes associated with RLRs-IFN pathway. In summary, these findings elucidate that LjUBC9 impairs the RLRs-IFN response, resulting in enhanced RGNNV infection.


Assuntos
Bass , Doenças dos Peixes , Interferon Tipo I , Nodaviridae , Percas , Infecções por Vírus de RNA , Animais , Percas/genética , Imunidade Inata/genética , Filogenia , Enzimas de Conjugação de Ubiquitina/genética , Cisteína , Proteínas de Peixes/química , Interferon Tipo I/genética , Nodaviridae/fisiologia , Bass/genética , Bass/metabolismo
16.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 146: 109424, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38311091

RESUMO

The suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) proteins family have twelve members including eight known mammalian SOCS members (CISH, SOCS1-7) and four new discovery members (SOCS3b, SOCS5b, SOCS8 and SOCS9) that is regarded as a classic feedback inhibitor of cytokine signaling. Although the function of the mammalian SOCS proteins have been well studied, little is known about the roles of SOCS in fish during viral infection. In this study, the molecular characteristics of SOCS9 from orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides, EcSOCS9) is investigated. The EcSOCS9 protein encoded 543 amino acids with typical SH2 (389-475aa) and SOCS_box (491-527aa), sharing high identities with reported fish SOCS9. EcSOCS9 was expressed in all detected tissues and highly expressed in kidney. After red-spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV) infection, the expression of EcSOCS9 was significantly induced in vitro. Furthermore, EcSOCS9 overexpression enhanced RGNNV replication, promoted virus-induced mitophagy that evidenced by the increased level of LC3-Ⅱ, BCL2, PGAM5 and decreased level of BNIP3 and FUNDC1. Besides, EcSOCS9 overexpression suppressed the expression levels of ATP6, CYB, ND4, ATP level and induced ROS level. The expression levels of interferon (IFN) related factors (IRF1, IRF3, IRF7, P53), inflammatory factors (IL1-ß, IL8, TLR2, TNF-α) and IFN-3, ISRE, NF-κB, AP1 activities were also reduced by overexpressing EcSOCS9. These date suggests that EcSOCS9 impacts RGNNV infection through modulating mitophagy, regulating the expression levels of IFN- related and inflammatory factors, which will expand our understanding of fish immune responses during viral infection.


Assuntos
Bass , Infecções por Vírus de DNA , Doenças dos Peixes , Nodaviridae , Infecções por Vírus de RNA , Viroses , Animais , Imunidade Inata/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Alinhamento de Sequência , Interferons/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixes/química , Nodaviridae/fisiologia , Infecções por Vírus de DNA/veterinária , Mamíferos/metabolismo
17.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 146: 109434, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38331055

RESUMO

Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) is a member of the TRAF family of adaptor proteins involved in the signal transduction pathways of both TNF receptor and interleukin-1 receptor/Toll-like receptor superfamilies. In this study, red-spotted grouper (Epinephelus akaara) TRAF6 (EaTraf6) was identified and characterized. The open reading frame of EaTraf6, 1713 bp in length, encodes a putative protein of 570 amino acids and has a predicted molecular weight and theoretical isoelectric point of 64.11 kDa and 6.07, respectively. EaTraf6 protein contains an N-terminal RING-type zinc finger domain, two TRAF-type zinc finger domains, a coiled-coil region (zf-TRAF), and a conserved C-terminal meprin and TRAF homology (MATH) domain. EaTraf6 shared the highest amino acid sequence identity with its ortholog from Epinephelus coioides, and phylogenetic analysis showed all fish TRAF6s clustered together and apart from other species. qRT-PCR results revealed that EaTraf6 was ubiquitously expressed in all examined tissues, with the highest level detected in the blood. In the immune challenge, EaTraf6 exhibited modulated mRNA expression levels in the blood and spleen. The subcellular localization analysis revealed that the EaTraf6 protein was predominantly present in the cytoplasm; however, it could translocate into the nucleus following poly (I:C) stimulation. The antiviral function of EaTraf6 was confirmed by analyzing the expression of host antiviral genes and viral genomic RNA during viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus infection. Additionally, luciferase reporter assay results indicated that EaTraf6 is involved in the activation of the NF-κB signaling pathway upon poly (I:C) stimulation. Finally, the effect of EaTraf6 on cytokine gene expression and its role in regulating macrophage M1 polarization were demonstrated. Collectively, these findings suggest that EaTraf6 is a crucial immune-related gene that significantly contributes to antiviral functions and regulation of NF-κB activity in the red-spotted grouper.


Assuntos
Bass , Doenças dos Peixes , Animais , Fator 6 Associado a Receptor de TNF , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Filogenia , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas de Peixes/química , Imunidade Inata/genética
18.
Food Chem ; 443: 138584, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306903

RESUMO

To explore the combination effects of plasma-activated water and dielectric barrier discharge (PAW-DBD) cold plasma treatment on the formation of volatile flavor and lipid oxidation in Asian sea bass (ASB), the volatile flavor compounds and lipid profiles were characterized by gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry and LC-MS-based lipidomics analyses. In total, 38 volatile flavor compound types were identified, and the PAW-DBD group showed the most kinds of volatile components with a significant (p < 0.05) higher content in aldehydes, ketones, and alcohols. A total of 1500 lipids was detected in lipidomics analysis, phosphatidylcholine was the most followed by triglyceride. The total saturated fatty acids content in PAW-DBD group increased by 105.02 µg/g, while the total content of unsaturated fatty acids decreased by 275.36 µg/g. It can be concluded that the PAW-DBD processing increased both the types and amounts of the volatile flavor in ASB and promoted lipid oxidation by altering lipid profiles.


Assuntos
Bass , Gases em Plasma , Animais , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Água , Ácidos Graxos
19.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 272: 116074, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350214

RESUMO

The effect of underwater noise environment generated by equipment in industrial recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) on fish is evident. However, different equipment generate noise in various frequency ranges. Understanding the effects of different frequency ranges noise on cultured species is important for optimizing the underwater acoustic environment in RAS. Given this, the effects of underwater noise across various frequency bands in RAS on the growth, physiology, and collective behavior of juvenile largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) were comprehensively evaluated here. In this study, three control groups were established: low-frequency noise group (80-1000 Hz, 117 dB re 1µPa RMS), high-frequency noise group (1-19 kHz, 117 dB re 1µPa RMS), and ambient group. During a 30-day experiment, it was found that: 1) industrial RAS noise with different frequency bands all had a certain inhibitory effect on the growth of fish, which the weight gain rate and product of length and depth of caudal peduncle in the ambient group were significantly higher than those of the two noise groups, with the low-frequency noise group showing significantly lower values than the high-frequency noise group; 2) industrial RAS noise had a certain degree of adverse effect on the digestive ability of fish, with the low-frequency noise group being more affected; 3) industrial RAS noise affected the collective feeding behavior of fish, with the collective feeding signal propagation efficiency and feeding intensity of the noise groups being significantly lower than those of the ambient group, and the high-frequency noise group performing better than the low-frequency noise group as a whole therein. From the above, the underwater noise across different frequency bands generated by equipment operation in industrial RAS both had an impact on juvenile largemouth bass, with the low-frequency noise group being more severely affected.


Assuntos
Bass , Animais , Bass/fisiologia , Aquicultura
20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(3)2024 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38338789

RESUMO

Fish freshness consists of complex endogenous and exogenous processes; therefore, the use of a few parameters to unravel illicit practices could be insufficient. Moreover, the development of strategies for the identification of such practices based on additives known to prevent and/or delay fish spoilage is still limited. The paper deals with the identification of the effect played by a Cafodos solution on the conservation state of sea bass at both short-term (3 h) and long-term (24 h). Controls and treated samples were characterized by a multi-omic approach involving proteomics, lipidomics, metabolomics, and metagenomics. Different parts of the fish samples were studied (muscle, skin, eye, and gills) and sampled through a non-invasive procedure based on EVA strips functionalized by ionic exchange resins. Data fusion methods were then applied to build models able to discriminate between controls and treated samples and identify the possible markers of the applied treatment. The approach was effective in the identification of the effect played by Cafodos that proved to be different in the short- and long-term and complex, involving proteins, lipids, and small molecules to a different extent.


Assuntos
Bass , Animais , Multiômica
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...