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1.
Food Chem ; 371: 131309, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638014

RESUMO

A novel fluorescent probe bearing triphenylamine, thiophene and thiosemicarbazide (TPA-TSC) was developed, and its distinct features were investigated. TPA-TSC demonstrated excellent selectivity towards Hg2+ ions, with a limit of detection (0.14 nM) among the lowest reported to date. It also exhibited a turn-off response by forming stable complex for a brief period (<30 s). Job plot analysis and high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) revealed that TPA-TSC bound to Hg2+ with a 2:1 stoichiometry in an aqueous environment, remarkably the probe successfully detected Hg2+ ions in seabass, swordfish and different samples of water. In all, TPA-TSC offers a promising method for accurately determining the quality of seafood and water samples polluted with Hg2+.


Assuntos
Bass , Mercúrio , Animais , Corantes Fluorescentes , Íons , Limite de Detecção , Alimentos Marinhos , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Água
2.
Sci Total Environ ; 804: 150208, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798741

RESUMO

European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) migrate towards habitats where salinity can reach levels over 60‰, notably in Mediterranean lagoons. D. labrax are genetically subdivided in Atlantic and Mediterranean lineages and have evolved in slightly different salinities. We compared Atlantic and West-Mediterranean populations regarding their capacity to tolerate hypersalinity with a focus on the involvement of the intestine in solute-driven water reabsorption. Fish were analyzed following a two-week transfer from seawater (SW, 36‰) to either SW or hypersaline water (HW, 55‰). Differences among lineages were observed in posterior intestines of fish maintained in SW regarding NKA activities and mRNA expressions of nkaα1a, aqp8b, aqp1a and aqp1b with systematic higher levels in Mediterranean sea bass. High salinity transfer triggered similar responses in both lineages but at different magnitudes which may indicate slight different physiological strategies between lineages. High salinity transfer did not significantly affect the phenotypic traits measured in the anterior intestine. In the posterior intestine however, the size of enterocytes and NKA activity were higher in HW compared to SW. In this tissue, nka-α1a, nkcc2, aqp8ab and aqp8aa mRNA levels were higher in HW compared to SW as well as relative protein expression of AQP8ab. For aqp1a, 1b, 8aa and 8b, an opposite trend was observed. The sub-apical localization of AQP8ab in enterocytes suggests its role in transepithelial water reabsorption. Strong apical NKCC2/NCC staining indicates an increased Na+ and Cl- reuptake by enterocytes which could contribute to solute-coupled water reuptake in cells where AQP8ab is expressed.


Assuntos
Bass , Animais , Bass/metabolismo , Brânquias/metabolismo , Intestinos , Osmorregulação , Salinidade , Água do Mar , ATPase Trocadora de Sódio-Potássio/metabolismo
3.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1354: 207-236, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34807444

RESUMO

Carbohydrate, which is the most abundant nutrient in plant-sourced feedstuffs, is an economically indispensable component in commercial compound feeds for fish. This nutrient can enhance the physical quality of diets and allow for pellet expansion during extrusion. There is compelling evidence that an excess dietary intake of starch causes hepatic disorders, thereby further reducing the overall food consumption and growth performance of fish species. Among the severe metabolic disturbances are glycogenic hepatopathy (hepatomegaly caused by the excessive accumulation of glycogen in hepatocytes) and hepatic steatosis (the accumulation of large vacuoles of triacylglycerols in hepatocytes). The development of those disorders is mainly due to the limited ability of fish to oxidize glucose and control blood glucose concentration. The prolonged elevations of blood glucose increase glucose intake by the liver, and excess glucose is stored either as glycogen through glycogenesis in hepatocytes or as triglycerides via lipogenesis in tissues, depending on the species. In some fish species (e.g., largemouth bass), the liver has a low ability to regulate glycolysis, gluconeogenesis, and glycogen breakdown in response to high starch intake. For most species of fish, the liver size increases with lipid or glycogen accumulation when they have a high starch intake. It is a challenge to develop the same set of diagnostic criteria for all fish species as their physiology or metabolic patterns differ. Although glycogenic hepatopathy appears to be a common disease in carnivorous fish, it has been under-recognized in many studies. As a result, understanding these diseases and their pathogeneses in different fish species is crucial for manufacturing cost-effective pellet diets to promote the health, growth, survival, and feed efficiency of fish in future.


Assuntos
Bass , Glucose , Animais , Carboidratos da Dieta , Glicogênio , Fígado
4.
Sci Total Environ ; 805: 150402, 2022 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34818804

RESUMO

Plastic pollution has become a global problem for marine ecosystems. Microplastics (MPs) are consumed by several marine organisms, including benthic and pelagic fish species that confuse them with food sources, thus contributing to bioaccumulation along the food chain. In addition to structural intestinal damage, ingestion of MPs represents a pathway for fish exposure to potentially hazardous chemicals, too. Most of them are endocrine disrupters, genotoxic or induce immune depression in fish. Accordingly, we assessed the combined toxicological effects of microplastics (MPs) and adsorbed pollutants by adding them to marine fish diet. European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) juveniles were fed for 60 days with feeds containing polypropylene MPs, either virgin or contaminated with chemical pollutants (a blend of dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene, chlorpyrifos, and benzophenone-3). The data demonstrated a synergic action of MPs and chemical pollutants to induce an inflammatory-like response in distal intestine of sea bass as shown by the up regulation of cytokine il-6 and tnf-α expression. Morphological analysis detected the presence of a focus of lymphocytes in anterior and posterior intestinal segments of fish fed with contaminants in the diet. With regard to microbiota, significant changes in bacterial species richness, beta diversity, and composition of gut microbiota were observed as a consequence of both pollutants and polluted MPs ingestion. These perturbations in gut microbial communities, including the reduction of beneficial lactic acid bacteria and the increase in potential pathogenic microorganism (Proteobacteria and Vibrionales), were undeniable signs of intestinal dysbiosis, which in turn confirmed the signs of inflammation caused by pollutants, especially when combined with MPs. The results obtained in this study provide, therefore, new insights into the potential risks of ingesting MPs as pollutant carriers in marine fish.


Assuntos
Bass , Poluentes Ambientais , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Ecossistema , Microplásticos , Plásticos/toxicidade , Polipropilenos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
5.
Zootaxa ; 5057(1): 99-113, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34811220

RESUMO

A southwestern Indian Ocean (SWIO) percoid fish Serranus knysnaensis Gilchrist, 1904, was long synonymised with the comber, Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus, 1758), from the eastern Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean and Black Sea. However, when the species was brought out of synonymy by Heemstra Heemstra (2004), reasons for this decision were not given. This study aims to revalidate the present taxonomic status of S. knysnaensis using morphological and molecular assessments. The two species are distinguished by the number of circumpeduncular scales (2634 in S. knysnaensis versus 3438 in S. cabrilla) and total gill rakers (1822 versus 2224). Serranus knysnaensis is also distinct from S. novemcinctus Kner, 1864, the other SWIO species of Serranus, based on total gill raker counts (1822 versus 3135). Genetic analysis of mitochondrial DNA barcode (COI) sequences for 17 Serranus species revealed three closely-related monophyletic clusters corresponding to S. cabrilla, S. novemcinctus and S. knysnaensis that were supported (P 0.001) by species delimitation methods. Even though the genetic distances among the three species were the lowest in the genus (1.60-1.99%), these species may be ecomorphs or lineages that have only recently diverged from each other. These three species also have allopatric distributions and our morphological and molecular data thus confirm that S. knysnaensis is a valid species.


Assuntos
Bass , Perciformes , Animais , DNA Mitocondrial , Perciformes/genética , Filogenia
6.
Zootaxa ; 4996(1): 49-82, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34810545

RESUMO

Three new species of anthiadine species are described from specimens trawled from Australian waters. Pseudanthias paralourgus n. sp. is described from five specimens collected off southeastern Queensland. It resembles P. elongatus (Franz, 1910) from Japan to the South China Sea, but differs in male live coloration. The remaining two species are assigned to the genus Tosana Smith Pope, 1906, which is newly diagnosed to include the two new species and the type species from southern Japan to the South China Sea, T. niwae Smith Pope, 1906. The two new species, T. dampieriensis n. sp. described from three specimens from off Western Australia and T. longipinnis n. sp. described from 42 specimens from off eastern Australia, differ from each other and from T. niwae in various meristic and morphometric details. Pseudanthias paralourgus co-occurs with T. longipinnis. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial COI yielded a tree with the three Tosana species forming the sister group of a clade consisting of P. paralourgus n. sp., P. elongatus and the type species of Pseudanthias Bleeker, 1871, P. pleurotaenia (Bleeker, 1857). Our preliminary phylogenetic analyses suggest that Pseudanthias comprises a polyphyletic assemblage of species that also includes Nemanthias Smith, 1954, Luzonichthys Herre, 1936, Tosanoides Kamohara, 1953, Odontanthias Bleeker, 1873, and Serranocirrhitus Watanabe, 1949, thus highlighting the need for a revised generic classification of species currently assigned to Pseudanthias.


Assuntos
Bass , Percas , Animais , Austrália , Peixes , Masculino , Filogenia
7.
Genet Sel Evol ; 53(1): 85, 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742227

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The high fecundity of fish species allows intense selection to be practised and therefore leads to fast genetic gains. Based on this, numerous selective breeding programmes have been started in Europe in the last decades, but in general, little is known about how the base populations of breeders have been built. Such knowledge is important because base populations can be created from very few individuals, which can lead to small effective population sizes and associated reductions in genetic variability. In this study, we used genomic information that was recently made available for turbot (Scophthalmus maximus), gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata), European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) and common carp (Cyprinus carpio) to obtain accurate estimates of the effective size for commercial populations. METHODS: Restriction-site associated DNA sequencing data were used to estimate current and historical effective population sizes. We used a novel method that considers the linkage disequilibrium spectrum for the whole range of genetic distances between all pairs of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), and thus accounts for potential fluctuations in population size over time. RESULTS: Our results show that the current effective population size for these populations is small (equal to or less than 50 fish), potentially putting the sustainability of the breeding programmes at risk. We have also detected important drops in effective population size about five to nine generations ago, most likely as a result of domestication and the start of selective breeding programmes for these species in Europe. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings highlight the need to broaden the genetic composition of the base populations from which selection programmes start, and suggest that measures designed to increase effective population size within all farmed populations analysed here should be implemented in order to manage genetic variability and ensure the sustainability of the breeding programmes.


Assuntos
Bass , Carpas , Linguados , Dourada , Animais , Humanos , Densidade Demográfica , Seleção Artificial
8.
Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi ; 62(5): 157-161, 2021.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732641

RESUMO

Ciguatera poisoning (CP) is one of the most abundant seafood poisonings in the world. CP frequently occurred in the tropical and subtropical Indo-Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. In Japan, CP cases have been reported annually, from the subtropical regions, including Okinawa Prefecture and Amami Islands, Kagoshima Prefecture. The principal toxins, named ciguatoxins (CTXs), are bio-synthesized by benthic dinoflagellate of genera Gambierdiscus and Fukuyoa. They are bio-transferred herbivorous animals to carnivorous fishes via the food chain.The Ogasawara Islands comprise more than 30 islands, Mukojima Islands, Chichijima (Bonin) Islands, Hahajima Islands, Iwo Islands, Nishinoshima, Minamitorishima, and Okinotorishima, which locate in the tropical to subtropical regions. The Mukojima Islands, Chichijima Islands, and Hahajima Islands locate approximately the same latitude as Okinawa. The distance from Tokyo is approximately 1,000 km for Chichijima, 1,700 km for Okinotorishima (the southernmost tip of Japan), and 1,900 km for Minamitorishima (the easternmost tip of Japan). These islands exist in a wide range of waters, latitudes from 20°25' to 27°44' North and longitudes from 136°04' to 153° 59' East. We collected 65 specimens of a grouper, Variola louti, the most frequent species implicated in CP in Japan, from the waters around the Chichijima, Mukojima, and Hahajima islands. The fish flesh specimens were analyzed CTXs using the liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometer (LC-MS/MS). While the peak whose retention time is almost identical to that of CTX1B was detected in all specimens on our routine protocol, no 52-epi-54-deoxyCTX1B nor 54-deoxyCTX1B was detected. The peak retention time was quite different from that of CTX1B when re-analyzing by changing the analytical column. Thus, the CTXs in the specimens in the waters of these islands seemed to be undetectable levels.


Assuntos
Bass , Intoxicação por Ciguatera , Ciguatoxinas , Varíola , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Intoxicação por Ciguatera/epidemiologia , Ciguatoxinas/análise , Peixes , Ilhas , Japão , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
9.
Environ Pollut ; 291: 118152, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740287

RESUMO

The operation of the equipment in industrial recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) affects the underwater soundscape of aquaculture tanks where fishes live. This study evaluated the influence of commercial industrial RAS noise on the growth, physiology, and behavior of juvenile largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides). In this study, two experimental groups, the RAS noise group (115 dB re 1 µPa RMS) and the ambient group (69 dB re 1 µPa RMS), were studied. The water quality and feeding regime for each group were kept the same during the 60-day experiment. Results showed that there was no significant difference in the average daily feed intake of the fish between the two treatments, while the rate of weight gain of the ambient group (755.27 ± 65.62%) was significantly higher than that of the noise group (337.66 ± 88.01%). In addition, the RAS environmental noise also had an adverse effect on the anti-oxidation and immune systems of the fish based on results of analysis of blood, liver, and intestinal samples. Moreover, environmental noise affected the swimming behavior of the fish school. The mean angle and distance between the focal fish and its nearest neighbor fish in RAS noise group were 33.3° and 92.1 mm, respectively, which were larger than those of the ambient group with 24.4° and 89.5 mm, respectively. From the above results, RAS noise did influence the welfare of largemouth bass, and the soundscape in RAS hence should be managed in real production.


Assuntos
Bass , Animais , Aquicultura , Intestinos , Fígado/metabolismo , Oxirredução
10.
Mar Biotechnol (NY) ; 23(5): 696-709, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34595589

RESUMO

Aquaporin (aqp) proteins are a group of small integral membrane proteins that play crucial roles as pore channels for the transport of water and other small solutes across the cell membrane. In our study, we identified 17 aqp genes from the spotted sea bass (Lateolabrax maculatus) genomic database. Gene organization, motif distribution, and selection pressure analyses were performed to investigate their evolutionary characteristics. The aqp mRNA displayed tissue-specific expression pattern in ten selected tissues of healthy spotted sea bass. To investigate the potential involvement of spotted sea bass aqps in osmoregulation, the expression profiles of aqp genes in gills were examined during freshwater (FW) acclimation using qRT-PCR. The mRNA level of aqp3a was dramatically induced during 1-3 day of the FW transition period (77-fold and 15-fold upregulated on 1 day and 3 day than in the control group), indicating that aqp3a may play an important hypo-osmoregulatory role in spotted sea bass. In addition, the expression levels of aqp1aa, aqp1ab, aqp3b, aqp7, and aqp9b increased to various degrees at 1 day after transferring to FW, suggesting their potential involvement in the FW acclimation process. Our study provides a valuable foundation for future studies aimed at uncovering the specific roles of aqp genes during salinity acclimation in spotted sea bass and other teleost species.


Assuntos
Aclimatação/fisiologia , Aquaporinas/metabolismo , Bass/metabolismo , Animais , Aquaporinas/genética , Bass/genética , Bass/fisiologia , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Água Doce , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Osmorregulação , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Salinidade
11.
Molecules ; 26(19)2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641435

RESUMO

Sea bass (Lateolabrax japonicus) is known for its unique flavor and high nutritional value. In this study, the influence of slaughter methods on the volatile compounds (VOCs) in sea bass was investigated using electronic nose (E-nose) technology and gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry (GC-IMS). VOCs in raw and cooked sea bass resulting from different slaughter methods were effectively distinguished using both techniques. Aldehydes, ketones, and alcohols were associated with the basic flavor of sea bass, whereas esters, organic acids, and furans enriched the aroma. In raw sea bass, the fishy odor was the strongest in the HSD group (head shot control death), followed by that in the IFD (ice faint to death) and BDS (bloodletting to death) groups. The VOC content increased and stabilized after steaming, enhancing pleasant odors such as fatty and fruity aromas. In cooked sea bass, the content of diacetyl and ethanol was the highest in the EAD group (eugenol anesthesia to death), which may be a residue of eugenol, imparting a distinct irritating chemical odor. Furthermore, abundant (E)-2-octenal, 2-heptanone, benzaldehyde, and esters in the BDS group imparted a strong, pleasant aroma. The findings indicate that heart puncture and bloodletting is the preferred slaughter method to maintain sea bass quality, providing new insights into the volatile changes in sea bass induced by different slaughter methods.


Assuntos
Bass/metabolismo , Nariz Eletrônico/estatística & dados numéricos , Eutanásia Animal/métodos , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Espectrometria de Mobilidade Iônica/métodos , Alimentos Marinhos/análise , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , Matadouros/estatística & dados numéricos , Animais
12.
Aquat Toxicol ; 240: 105991, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34673466

RESUMO

Arsenobetaine (AsB) is the major form of arsenic in marine fish; however, its biodynamics within the fish tissues is not well understood. This study simulated the biodynamics and biotransportation (absorption, distribution, and elimination) of dietary AsB and arsenate [As(V)] in the marine grouper Epinephelus fuscoguttatus, by constructing a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model. The transfer rates between different compartments (gill, intestine, liver, heart, kidney, and muscle) and blood were modeled during exposure (14 d) and depuration (20 d). The model showed that AsB had a weak ability to cross the intestinal membranes and circulated slowly in the blood. The newly AsB absorbed from the blood did not enter the hepatointestinal circulation for elimination, but was effectively distributed in liver. Thereafter, it was slowly absorbed and finally stored in the muscle, the most important organ for AsB deposition, at a constant rate of 63.5 d-1. In contrast, As(V) displayed a dynamic behavior, including rapid crossing through the intestinal membranes, quick circulation in the blood and transportation to other tissues, and elimination. Biodynamics coupled with biotransformation illustrated, for the first time, the unique strategies of dietary AsB that passed slowly through the fish intestine with the highest deposition rate in the muscle, thereby contributing to the high AsB bioaccumulation in the muscle tissue of marine fish. CAPSULE: AsB displayed a weaker ability to cross the intestine membranes, slowly absorbed and finally stored in muscle, whereas As(V) displayed rapid crossing the intestine membranes, quick transportation, and elimination.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Arsenicais , Bass , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Arseniatos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
13.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(19)2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34640710

RESUMO

Inertial measurement unit sensors (IMU; i.e., accelerometer, gyroscope and magnetometer combinations) are frequently fitted to animals to better understand their activity patterns and energy expenditure. Capable of recording hundreds of data points a second, these sensors can quickly produce large datasets that require methods to automate behavioral classification. Here, we describe behaviors derived from a custom-built multi-sensor bio-logging tag attached to Atlantic Goliath grouper (Epinephelus itajara) within a simulated ecosystem. We then compared the performance of two commonly applied machine learning approaches (random forest and support vector machine) to a deep learning approach (convolutional neural network, or CNN) for classifying IMU data from this tag. CNNs are frequently used to recognize activities from IMU data obtained from humans but are less commonly considered for other animals. Thirteen behavioral classes were identified during ethogram development, nine of which were classified. For the conventional machine learning approaches, 187 summary statistics were extracted from the data, including time and frequency domain features. The CNN was fed absolute values obtained from fast Fourier transformations of the raw tri-axial accelerometer, gyroscope and magnetometer channels, with a frequency resolution of 512 data points. Five metrics were used to assess classifier performance; the deep learning approach performed better across all metrics (Sensitivity = 0.962; Specificity = 0.996; F1-score = 0.962; Matthew's Correlation Coefficient = 0.959; Cohen's Kappa = 0.833) than both conventional machine learning approaches. Generally, the random forest performed better than the support vector machine. In some instances, a conventional learning approach yielded a higher performance metric for particular classes (e.g., the random forest had a F1-score of 0.971 for backward swimming compared to 0.955 for the CNN). Deep learning approaches could potentially improve behavioral classification from IMU data, beyond that obtained from conventional machine learning methods.


Assuntos
Bass , Animais , Ecossistema , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Redes Neurais de Computação , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(18)2021 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34576257

RESUMO

Although anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) has classically been correlated with the regression of Müllerian ducts in male mammals, involvement of this growth factor in other reproductive processes only recently come to light. Teleost is the only gnathostomes that lack Müllerian ducts despite having amh orthologous genes. In adult teleost gonads, Amh exerts a role in the early stages of germ cell development in both males and females. Mechanisms involving the interaction of Amh with gonadotropin- and growth factor-induced functions have been proposed, but our overall knowledge regarding Amh function in fish gonads remains modest. In this study, we report on Amh actions in the European sea bass ovary. Amh and type 2 Amh receptor (Amhr2) are present in granulosa and theca cells of both early and late-vitellogenic follicles and cannot be detected in previtellogenic ovaries. Using the Pichia pastoris system a recombinant sea bass Amh has been produced that is endogenously processed to generate a 12-15 kDa bioactive mature protein. Contrary to previous evidence in lower vertebrates, in explants of previtellogenic sea bass ovaries, mature Amh has a synergistic effect on steroidogenesis induced by the follicle-stimulating hormone (Fsh), increasing E2 and cyp19a1a levels.


Assuntos
Hormônio Antimülleriano/química , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/metabolismo , Ovário/metabolismo , Receptores de Peptídeos/química , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento Transformadores beta/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Animais , Hormônio Antimülleriano/metabolismo , Bass , Células COS , Chlorocebus aethiops , Estradiol/metabolismo , Feminino , Gonadotropinas/metabolismo , Gônadas/metabolismo , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , Imunoensaio , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Plasmídeos/metabolismo , Esteroides/metabolismo , Células Tecais/metabolismo , Vitelogênese
15.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 125918, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492850

RESUMO

Polystyrene nanoplastics (PS-NPs) are known to impair the function of the digestive system, intestinal flora, immune system, and nervous system of marine organisms. We tested whether PS-NPs influence viral infection of orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides). We found that grouper spleen (GS) cells took up PS-NPs at exposure concentrations of 5, 50, and 500 µg/mL and experienced cytotoxicity at 50 and 500 µg/mL concentrations. At 12 h after exposure to 50 µg/mL of PS-NPs, the replication of Singapore grouper iridovirus (SGIV) and red-spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV) increased in GS cells after their invasion. Juvenile fish exposed to 300 and 3000 µg/L of PS-NPs for 7 d showed PS-NPs uptake to the spleen and vacuole formation in brain tissue. Moreover, PS-NPs exposure accelerated SGIV replication in the spleen and RGNNV replication in the brain. PS-NP exposure also decreased the expression of toll-like receptor genes and interferon-related genes before and after virus invasion in vitro and in vivo, thus reducing the resistance of cells and tissues to viral replication. This is the first report that PS-NPs have toxic effects on GS cells and spleen and brain tissues, and it provides new insights into assessing the impact of PS-NPs on marine fish.


Assuntos
Bass , Infecções por Vírus de DNA , Doenças dos Peixes , Animais , Bass/metabolismo , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Microplásticos , Filogenia , Poliestirenos , Baço/metabolismo , Replicação Viral
16.
Dis Aquat Organ ; 146: 53-63, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34553693

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to determine the phylogenetic relationships among the primary betanodavirus strains circulating in Tunisian coastal waters. A survey was conducted to investigate nodavirus infections at 15 European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax and gilthead sea bream Sparus aurata farming sites located along the northern and eastern coasts of Tunisia. The primary objective of the study was to create epidemiological awareness of these infections by determining phylogenetic relationships between the main betanodavirus strains circulating during the period 2012-2019, using RNA1 and/or RNA2 genome segments. Approximately 40% (118 of 294) tissue pools tested were positive for betanodavirus. Positive pools were distributed across all of the sampling sites. While fish mortalities were always correlated with the presence of virus in sea bass, a severe outbreak was also identified in sea bream larvae in 2019. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that almost all Tunisian strains from both sea bass and sea bream irrespective of outbreaks clustered within the RGNNV genotype. It is noteworthy that samples collected during the 2019 outbreak from sea bream contained both RNA1 and RNA2 fragments belonging to the RGNNV and SJNNV genotype, respectively, an indication of viral genome reassortment. To our knowledge, this is the first report of reassortant betanodavirus in Tunisia.


Assuntos
Bass , Doenças dos Peixes , Nodaviridae , Infecções por Vírus de RNA , Dourada , Animais , Aquicultura , Doenças dos Peixes/epidemiologia , Genótipo , Nodaviridae/genética , Filogenia , Filogeografia , Infecções por Vírus de RNA/epidemiologia , Infecções por Vírus de RNA/veterinária
17.
Theriogenology ; 175: 77-82, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508969

RESUMO

Incorporation of Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) to the freezing medium provides advantageous effect for sperm cryopreservation in a variety of animal species, yet which has not been tested in giant grouper (Epinephelus lanceolatus). This research was designed to elucidate if CoQ10 could be used as a potential additive to improve giant grouper sperm quality after cryopreservation. After the process of freezing and thawing, various sperm quality parameters including motility, viability, apoptosis, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, DNA fragmentation as well as fertilization rate were evaluated with CoQ10 added at concentrations of 0, 25, 50 and 100 µM. Compared to the control group (0 µm), addition of CoQ10 in the medium yielded significantly higher total motility and curvilinear velocity, whereas the progressive motility, straight-line velocity and average path velocity were not differ from each other. An obvious improvement in viability was observed in spermatozoa cryopreserved with 25 and 50 µM CoQ10, while the apoptosis rate in CoQ10 treated groups (25, 50 and 100 µM) exhibited significantly lower values than that of the control. Besides, the production of ROS was significantly decreased with CoQ10 addition groups when compared with the control. In consistent with the improvement in antioxidant defense, CoQ10 supplementation in the medium also enhanced mitochondrial activity and reduced DNA fragmentation. In addition, freezing medium supplemented with CoQ10 also improved the fertilization success, a significantly higher fertilization rate was recorded at the concentration of 50 µM, but this value was not differ from that of 25 µM. Overall, the antioxidant CoQ10 provided an obvious beneficial effect on post-thaw quality of giant grouper spermatozoa. It was concluded that the optimal concentration of CoQ10 is 50 µM in the freezing medium.


Assuntos
Bass , Preservação do Sêmen , Animais , Criopreservação/veterinária , Suplementos Nutricionais , Congelamento , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo , Preservação do Sêmen/veterinária , Motilidade Espermática , Espermatozoides , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados
18.
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol ; 321(5): R655-R671, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494485

RESUMO

White seabass (Atractoscion nobilis) increasingly experience periods of low oxygen (O2; hypoxia) and high carbon dioxide (CO2, hypercapnia) due to climate change and eutrophication of the coastal waters of California. Hemoglobin (Hb) is the principal O2 carrier in the blood and in many teleost fishes Hb-O2 binding is compromised at low pH; however, the red blood cells (RBC) of some species regulate intracellular pH with adrenergically stimulated sodium-proton-exchangers (ß-NHEs). We hypothesized that RBC ß-NHEs in white seabass are an important mechanism that can protect the blood O2-carrying capacity during hypoxia and hypercapnia. We determined the O2-binding characteristics of white seabass blood, the cellular and subcellular response of RBCs to adrenergic stimulation, and quantified the protective effect of ß-NHE activity on Hb-O2 saturation. White seabass had typical teleost Hb characteristics, with a moderate O2 affinity (Po2 at half-saturation; P50 2.9 kPa) that was highly pH-sensitive (Bohr coefficient -0.92; Root effect 52%). Novel findings from super-resolution microscopy revealed ß-NHE protein in vesicle-like structures and its translocation into the membrane after adrenergic stimulation. Microscopy data were corroborated by molecular and phylogenetic results and a functional characterization of ß-NHE activity. The activation of RBC ß-NHEs increased Hb-O2 saturation by ∼8% in normoxic hypercapnia and by up to ∼20% in hypoxic normocapnia. Our results provide novel insight into the cellular mechanism of adrenergic RBC stimulation within an ecologically relevant context. ß-NHE activity in white seabass has great potential to protect arterial O2 transport during hypoxia and hypercapnia but is less effective during combinations of these stressors.


Assuntos
Agonistas Adrenérgicos beta/farmacologia , Bass/metabolismo , Eritrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Peixes/agonistas , Hipercapnia/metabolismo , Hipóxia/metabolismo , Isoproterenol/farmacologia , Oxiemoglobinas/metabolismo , Trocadores de Sódio-Hidrogênio/agonistas , Aclimatação , Animais , Bass/sangue , Ecossistema , Eritrócitos/metabolismo , Eritrócitos/ultraestrutura , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixes/ultraestrutura , Hipercapnia/sangue , Hipóxia/sangue , Transporte Proteico , Trocadores de Sódio-Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Trocadores de Sódio-Hidrogênio/ultraestrutura
19.
Arch Environ Contam Toxicol ; 81(4): 621-636, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34562110

RESUMO

We conducted acute toxicity studies using semi-static protocols to examine the lethal responses of Australian bass and silver perch exposed to antimony (Sb) oxidation states in Sb(III) (10.5-30.5 mg L-1) and Sb(V) (95.9-258.7 mg L-1). Bioavailability and the effects of Sb on body ion regulation (Na, Ca, Mg, and K) were also investigated. Antimony species-specific effects were observed with exposure to both Sb oxidation states. Median lethal concentrations (LC50s) for Sb(III) were 13.6 and 18 mg L-1 for Australian bass and silver perch, respectively, and the LC50 for Sb(V) in Australian bass was 165.3 mg L-1. The LC50 could not be calculated for silver perch exposed to Sb(V) as the maximum exposure concentrations produced 40% mortality but a larger-than value of > 258.7 mg L-1 was estimated. Relative median potency values derived from the LC50s were 0.1 Sb(III) and 12.2 and 16.6 Sb(V) for Australian bass and silver perch, respectively, demonstrating greater toxicity of Sb(III) to both fish species. Antimony uptake in fish was observed. Median critical body residue (CBR50) values of 77.7 and 26.6 mg kg-1 for Sb(III) were estimated for Australian bass and silver perch, respectively, and 628.1 mg kg-1 for Sb(V) in Australian bass. Bioconcentration factors (BCFs) for both Sb(III) and Sb(V) did not change with exposure but the greater BCFs for fish exposed to Sb(III) indicate that it is more bioavailable than Sb(V) in acute exposure. No effects on whole-body Na, Ca, Mg, or K ions were observed with fish exposure to either Sb species.


Assuntos
Bass , Percas , Animais , Antimônio/toxicidade , Austrália , Água Doce , Homeostase
20.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 17298, 2021 08 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34453080

RESUMO

We investigated the effects of low and high doses of ß-conglycinin and the ameliorative effects of sodium butyrate (based on high-dose ß-conglycinin) on the growth performance, serum immunity, distal intestinal histopathology, and gene, protein expression related to intestinal health in hybrid grouper (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus ♀ × E. lanceolatus ♂). The results revealed that the instantaneous growth rate (IGR) of grouper significantly increased, decreased, and increased in the low-dose ß-conglycinin (bL), high-level ß-conglycinin (bH) and high-level ß-conglycinin plus sodium butyrate (bH-NaB), respectively. The feed coefficient ratio (FCR) was significantly increased in the bH and bH-NaB, serum levels of IFN-γ, IL-1ß, and TNF-α were upregulated in the bH. The intestinal diameter/fold height ratio was significantly increased in the bH. Furthermore, there were increases in nitric oxide (NO), total nitric oxide synthase (total NOS), and peroxynitrite anion (ONOO-) in the bH, and decreases in total NOS and ONOO- in the bH-NaB. In the distal intestine, IL-1ß and TGF-ß1 mRNA levels were downregulated and upregulated, respective in the bL. The mRNA levels of TNF-α and IL-6 were upregulated in the bH, and downregulated in the bH-NaB, respectively. Occludin, claudin3 and ZO-3 mRNA levels were upregulated in the bL, downregulated in the bH and then upregulated in the bH-NaB. No significant differences were observed in the mRNA levels of IFN-γ and jam4. And the p-PI3K p85Tyr458/total PI3K p85 value was significantly increased in the bH and then decreased in the bH-NaB, and the total Akt value was significantly increased in the bH. These indicate ß-conglycinin has a regulatory effect on serum immunity and affect distal intestinal development by modulating distal intestinal injury-related parameters. Within the distal intestinal tract, low- and high-dose ß-conglycinin differentially affect immune responses and tight junctions in the distal intestine, which eventually manifests as a reduction in growth performance. Supplementing feed with sodium butyrate might represent an effective approach for enhancing serum immunity, and protects the intestines from damage caused by high-dose ß-conglycinin.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Plantas/química , Ácido Butírico/química , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Globulinas/química , Proteínas de Armazenamento de Sementes/química , Proteínas de Soja/química , Ração Animal , Animais , Antígenos de Plantas/metabolismo , Bass , Ácido Butírico/metabolismo , Claudina-3/genética , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Globulinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunidade Inata , Interleucina-6/genética , Intestinos , RNA Mensageiro , Proteínas de Armazenamento de Sementes/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas de Soja/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Proteínas da Zônula de Oclusão/genética
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